Rohingya Refugees Struggle to Reach Safety in Bangladesh

SlideshowRohingya Refugees Struggle to Reach Safety in BangladeshNovember 14, 2017More than 600,000 Rohingya refugees from Myanmar have fled to Bangladesh following a wave of targeted violence that began on August 25. Carrying few belongings but bearing many physical and psychological wounds, refugees have shared horrific stories of attacks with staff from Doctors Without Borders/M édecins Sans Frontières (MSF). Teams are treating patients for bullet, blast, and stab wounds, severe burns, and sexual violence. Other serious medical needs include acute watery diarrhea, pneumonia, malnutrition, suspected measles, and advanced obstetric complications.
Source: MSF News - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: news

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Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are a rare single spectrum of severe epidermolytic reactions that can involve the vulva, vagina, and cervix. Description of specific management techniques for vulvovaginal SJS/TEN in the literature is sparse. This is a retrospective review of women treated at  a tertiary care burn center for SJS/TEN with vulvovaginal involvement.
Source: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Non-Oral Poster Source Type: research
Videos are an integral part of surgical training. However, audio narration alone is often insufficient to highlight surgical planes or illustrate complex steps of a procedure.
Source: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Video Cafe Source Type: research
Physicians taking care of pediatric burn patients should be familiar with the concept of judicious fluid resuscitation and careful use of beta ‐blocker in severe burn with concern of myocardial depression. AbstractCardiac stress is a critical determinant of outcomes associated with severe thermal injury. The cardiovascular response to a catecholamine ‐mediated surge from severe burns passes through two phases. Initial hypovolemia with myocardial depression leads to a low cardiac output, which then progresses to a hyperdynamic‐hypermetabolic phase with increased cardiac output.
Source: Clinical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research
ConclusionsORR and PFS were significantly better in ILD patients than in irAEs ‐non‐ILD and non‐irAEs patients. Pre‐existing history of IP was an independent risk factor for ILD‐induced ICIs.
Source: Thoracic Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Purpose of review A recent meta-analysis of data from international case–control studies reports a population attributable fraction of 16% for occupational factors in the cause of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Smoking, genetic factors and other prevalent diseases only partly explain IPF, and so this review aims to summarize recent progress in establishing which occupational exposures are important in cause. Recent findings IPF is a rare disease, although it is the commonest idiopathic interstitial pneumonia. Epidemiological study suggests that incidence of IPF is increasing, particularly in older men. The...
Source: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: OCCUPATIONAL DISEASE: Edited by Susan M. Tarlo and Piero Maestrelli Source Type: research
AbstractThe use of psychotropic drugs (antipsychotics, benzodiazepines and benzodiazepine-related drugs, and antidepressants) is common, with a prevalence estimates range of 19 –29% among community dwelling older adults. These drugs are often prescribed for off-label use, including neuropsychiatric symptoms. The older adult population also has high rates of pneumonia and some of these cases may be associated with adverse drug events. In this narrative review, we summariz e the findings from current observational studies on the association between psychotropic drug use and pneumonia in older adults. In addition to stu...
Source: Drugs and Aging - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
Publication date: April 2020Source: Current Opinion in Virology, Volume 41Author(s): Peter J Hotez, Tasmiah Nuzhath, Brian Colwell
Source: Current Opinion in Virology - Category: Virology Source Type: research
(SACRAMENTO, Calif.) — California and federal officials were in the midst of an intense effort Thursday to retrace the movements of a Northern California woman believed to be the first person in the U.S. to contract the highly contagious coronavirus with no known connection to travel abroad or other known causes. The woman lives in Solano County, home to Travis Air Force Base, where dozens of people infected in China or on cruise ships have been treated. But Sonia Angell, director of the California Department of Public Health, said there was no evidence the woman had any connection to the base. The woman, who was no...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 onetime Source Type: news
Poshmaal Dhar1 and Julie McAuley2* 1Faculty of Health, School of Medicine, Deakin University, Geelong, VIC, Australia 2Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Peter Doherty Institute, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia The family of cell surface (cs-) mucins are constitutively expressed at the cell surface by nearly all epithelial cells, beneath the gel-mucin layer. All cs-mucin family members have structural features that enable them to act as a releasable decoy barrier to mucosal pathogens, by providing ligands for pathogen binding and the ability to shed the bound extracellular domain. Due ...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Background Guinea is in the midst of the largest, longest, and deadliest outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (“Ebola” hereafter) ever recorded. As one of the three most affected countries in West Africa, which also include Liberia and Sierra Leone, Guinea has recorded 3,729 Ebola cases and 2,482 deaths (as of July 1, 2015) since the first case was diagnosed in March 2014.1 This mortality rate (67%) is higher than that of either Sierra Leone (30%) or Liberia (45%). The weekly caseload of the disease in Guinea has shown slight fluctuations throughout the epidemic, peaking at 171 cases during the final week of 2014.1 ...
Source: PLOS Currents Outbreaks - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research
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