The Association between Risk Factors and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Canada: A Cross ‑sectional Study Using the 2014 Canadian Community Health Survey

Background:The global prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is expected to increase and the disease is projected to be the third leading cause of death by the year 2020. The purpose of this study was to measure the prevalence and determine the risk factors for COPD in Canada.Methods:This is a cross ‑sectional study that uses data from a nationally generalizable survey, the Canadian Community Health Survey, 2014. There were 46,924 respondents aged 35 years or older. Uni‑ and multi‑variate logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine the risk factors associated with COPD.Results:The overall prevalence of COPD in the surveyed population was 5.69%. Results from multivariate logistic regression showed that COPD was signifcantly higher among individuals who were 65 years or older (odds ratio [OR] =4.43; 95% confdence interval [CI]: 3.69–5.33), current smokers (OR = 5.13; 95% CI: 4.43–5.95), underweight or obese by body mass index ([OR = 1.81; 95% CI: 1.38–2.38] and [OR = 1.58; 95% CI: 1.41–1.77], respectively), with a total personal income of
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

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AbstractBackgroundFunctional limitations may be more common in middle-aged adults than previously recognized. However, there are few published data on the prevalence of activity limitations, and their association with multimorbidity, among adults 50 to 64  years old.ObjectiveTo describe the prevalence of activity limitations and the association with multimorbidity in middle-aged adults.DesignCross-sectional analysis of US population-based National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011 –2016.ParticipantsThe total number of community-dwelling NHANES participants aged 50 –64 years old is ...
Source: Journal of General Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
Source: Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Oral Communication III : Macronutrients Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In-flight hypoxia in obese individuals can be predicted by HCT but not by simple walking tests. PMID: 31419402 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chest Source Type: research
Ambient air pollution increases the risk of respiratory mortality, but evidence for impacts on lung function and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is less well established. The aim was to evaluate whether ambient air pollution is associated with lung function and COPD, and explore potential vulnerability factors. We used UK Biobank data on 303 887 individuals aged 40–69 years, with complete covariate data and valid lung function measures. Cross-sectional analyses examined associations of land use regression-based estimates of particulate matter (particles with a 50% cut-off aerodynamic diameter of 2.5...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: COPD and smoking, Lung structure and function Original Articles: COPD and lung function Source Type: research
By MATTHEW HOLT I’ve been driven steadily nuts by a series of recent articles that are sort of describing what’s happening in health tech or (because the term won’t die) digital health, so I thought it was time for the definitive explanation. Yeah, yeah, humility ain’t my strong suit. It won’t have escaped your attention that, after five years during which Castlight Health more or less single-handedly killed the IPO market for new health tech companies, suddenly in the middle of July 2019 we have three digital health companies going public. While Livongo, (FD-a THCB sponsor) Phreesia a...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Technology Matthew Holt Digital health investing Health Catalyst IPO Livongo Phreesia venture capital Source Type: blogs
This study aimed to examine the association between acute exacerbations of COPD and the lean-to-fat (LTF) ratio in patients with a normal or low BMI. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients with COPD (n=68) underwent assessment of body composition, in whom 43 cases had a normal BMI (18.5 to 25 kg/m²) and 14 cases were underweight (
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Conclusion: Evidence from this study showed the robustness of the risk factors in the pathogenesis of mediastinitis. Preventive measures can be implemented for reducing obesity, especially in lower latitude countries. Furthermore, it is mandatory to monitor perioperative hyperglycemias with continuous insulin infusion. Use of skeletonized BIMA carries higher risk of mediastinitis especially in female patients without evidence of beneficial effect on survival for the time being. PMID: 31290699 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Scand Cardiovasc J Source Type: research
Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) and obesity are associated with frequent exacerbations and poor quality of life in people living with asthma. Multiple mechanisms have been proposed for the effect of obesity, including modification of inflammation affecting epithelial cell proliferation and wound repair, while the role of GORD is poorly understood and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are of variable efficacy. GORD might exert a deleterious effect by inducing vagal reflex, neuroinflammation and directly triggering airway inflammation (via microaspiration). Studies of reflux in animal models and human bronchial epitheli...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Articles: Research letters Source Type: research
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Source: Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
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Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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