PodMed – Week of October 9, 2017

This week’s topics include how the Zika virus changed, outcomes after surgery and health literacy, e-cigarettes and healthcare costs, and a reaction to tattooing. Program notes: 0:36 Case report of an outcome after a tattoo 1:32 Reaction to the tattoo ink but not cancer 2:32 Not cancer just a reaction 2:46 Mutations in the Zika […]
Source: Johns Hopkins Medicine Weekly Health News - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: All Podcasts Cancer Infectious diseases Patient Care PodMed Smoking Surgery Surgical Care Source Type: podcasts

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Guidance insists only specialists carry out innovative pre-birth operation Related items fromOnMedica Scans show severe brain damage in Zika-affected babies Low birthweight linked to higher mortality right up to adolescence Maternal gestational diabetes increases risk of autism Pregnancy BMI has little impact on children ’s fatness Beam therapy hope for childhood cancer treatment
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 18 September 2019Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Yuxi Wang, Martin McKee, Aleksandra Torbica, David StucklerAbstractContemporary commentators describe the current period as “an era of fake news” in which misinformation, generated intentionally or unintentionally, spreads rapidly. Although affecting all areas of life, it poses particular problems in the health arena, where it can delay or prevent effective care, in some cases threatening the lives of individuals. While examples of the rapid spread of misinformation date back to the earliest days of scientific med...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
We report transcriptome changes in genes relevant to development, vascular development, muscle, and cancer biology, which provide interesting avenues for future research.
Source: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Abstract Niclosamide is an antihelminthic drug used worldwide for the treatment of tapeworm infections. Recent drug repurposing screens have highlighted the broad bioactivity of niclosamide across diverse mechanisms of action. As a result, niclosamide is being evaluated for a range of alternative drug-repurposing applications, including the treatment of cancer, bacterial infections, and Zika virus. As new applications of niclosamide will require non-oral delivery routes that may lead to exposure in utero, it is important to understand the mechanism of niclosamide toxicity during early stages of embryonic developme...
Source: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology - Category: Toxicology Authors: Tags: Toxicol Appl Pharmacol Source Type: research
Iliana Claudia Balga Milian1, Rafaela José Silva1, Camilla Manzan-Martins1, Bellisa Freitas Barbosa1, Pamela Mendonça Guirelli1, Mayara Ribeiro1, Angelica de Oliveira Gomes2, Francesca Ietta3, José Roberto Mineo4, Priscila Silva Franco1 and Eloisa Amália Vieira Ferro1* 1Laboratory of Immunophysiology of Reproduction, Institute of Biomedical Science, Federal University of Uberlândia, Uberlândia, Brazil 2Department of Morphology, Federal University of the Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba, Brazil 3Department of Life Sciences, University of Siena, Siena, Italy 4Laboratory of I...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
María Maximina B. Moreno-Altamirano1*, Simon E. Kolstoe2 and Francisco Javier Sánchez-García1* 1Laboratorio de Inmunorregulación, Departamento de Inmunología, Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Mexico City, Mexico 2School of Health Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, United Kingdom Over the last decade, there has been significant advances in the understanding of the cross-talk between metabolism and immune responses. It is now evident that immune cell effector function strongly depends on the metabolic pathway in w...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
We describe the unexpected binding of S-layer to cells devoid of DC-SIGN but also confirm that the presence of DC-SIGN was essential for S-layer’s antiviral activity. S-layer protein exerted its antiviral effect with different kinetics than mannan, a known viral inhibitor that also acts on DC-SIGN (Yu et al., 2017). Together our results suggest that inhibition of viral entry by S-layer occurs via a novel S-layer/DC-SIGN interaction. Materials and Methods Isolation of S-Layer Proteins S-layer proteins were extracted from overnight cultures of L. acidophilus ATCC 4356 cells grown in MRS medium at 37°C by using 6...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In this study, an in silico screening of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) diversity set based on ZIKV NS3 helicase was performed using a molecular docking approach. Selected compounds with drug-like properties were subjected to cell-based antiviral assays resulting in the identification of two novel lead compounds (named Compounds 1 and 2). They inhibited ZIKV infection with IC50 values at the micro-molar level (8.5 μM and 15.2 μM, respectively). Binding mode analysis, absolute binding free energy calculation, and structure–activity relationship studies of these two compounds revealed their possi...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Siqueira-Neto Zika virus (ZIKV), which is associated with microcephaly in infants and Guillain-Barré syndrome, reemerged as a serious public health threat in Latin America in recent years. Previous high-throughput screening (HTS) campaigns have revealed several potential hit molecules against ZIKV, including methotrexate (MTX), which is clinically used as an anti-cancer chemotherapy and anti-rheumatoid agent. We studied the mechanism of action of MTX against ZIKV in relation to its inhibition of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) in vitro using Vero and human neural stem cells (hNSCs). As expected, an antiviral ...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Communication Source Type: research
Conclusions Apart West Nile virus (78), thousands of congenital microcephaly cases, fetal brain tissue damage and neurological syndromes have been associated with ZIKV infection. Unfortunately, the epidemics of this mosquito born, and a relative stable virus is on a rise. Although congenital microcephaly is a rare disorder however, due to lack of standardized diagnostic test facilities, the incidence in the geographically widespread ZIKV epidemic regions is higher. Animals studies showed that ZIKV is a neurotropic virus. It directly targets the developing embryonic brain cells by inducing apoptosis, cell-cycle arrest, and...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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