The pain, depression, disability pathway in those with low back pain: a moderation analysis of health locus of control

Source: Journal of Pain Research - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Journal of Pain Research Source Type: research

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Today’s post is another one where there’s very little to guide my thinking… Have you ever wondered why we read so much research looking at the characteristics of the people who look for help with their pain – yet not nearly as much about us, the people who do the helping? There are studies about us – thanks Ben – and others! (Darlow, Dowell, Baxter, Mathieson, Perr &Dean, 2013; Farin, Gramm &Schmidt, 2013; Parsons, Harding, Breen, Foster, Pincus, Vogel &Underwood, 2007). We know some things are helpful for people with pain: things like listening capabilities (Matthias, Ba...
Source: HealthSkills Weblog - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Chronic pain Coping strategies Pain conditions Professional topics Research Science in practice attitudes beliefs communication nocebo Source Type: blogs
Low back pain and neck pain are the leading causes of disability.14 Major depressive and anxiety disorders are the third and ninth leading causes of disability.14 Moreover, spinal pain, depression and anxiety often coexist: 15-45% of people with persistent pain also experience some form of depression and/or anxiety.3,25,26 When these comorbidities exist, healthcare costs are considerable higher.28
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Tags: Original Reports Source Type: research
Conclusion: In this multicentric observational study, referral to an FRP was linked to pain, self-reported physical activity and sick leave but not medical characteristics assessed. These findings confirm the bio-psycho-social approach of FRPs for cLBP.
Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research
Conclusions: Changes in patients’ attitudes toward adopting a pain self-management approach may serve as one of the therapeutic mechanisms and predict long-term function. This study also revealed that changed attitudes toward chronic pain self-management remain quite stable over time. Adoption of beliefs consistent with chronic pain self-management during treatment may promote sustained benefits.
Source: The Clinical Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Biofeedback relaxation is a suitable method in the treatment of chronic non-specific low back pain. Its use in interdisciplinary multimodal pain programs should be encouraged. PMID: 31346772 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Schmerz - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Schmerz Source Type: research
Authors: Licciardone JC, Schmitt ME, Aryal S Abstract Context: Comparisons of osteopathic physicians (ie, DOs) and allopathic physicians (ie, MDs) on interpersonal manner, including empathy and communication style, have been limited by such methodologic issues as self-assessment and a focus on medical students rather than practicing physicians. Objective: To compare perceptions of the interpersonal manner, empathy, and communication style of DOs and MDs and corresponding clinical measures reported by their patients. Methods: A cross-sectional study of adults with subacute or chronic low back pain was conduc...
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
Study Design. A cross-sectional study. Objective. The aim of this study was to describe multi-dimensional profiles for people with chronic low back pain (CLBP) and to examine the associations between CLBP-related disability and individual, psychosocial and physical factors in a Saudi population. Summary of Background Data. CLBP-related disability is a multidimensional phenomenon. There is growing interest in exploring factors associated with CLBP-related disability in Saudi Arabia but research is limited in comparison to other countries. Methods. Participants completed questionnaires covering demographics, pain ...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: CLINICAL CASE SERIES Source Type: research
Conclusions: Lumbar SE and WE can be recommended for patients with chronic LBP because they not only relieve back pain but also prevent chronic back pain through improving muscle endurance.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Trial/Experimental Study Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo examine subjective depressive symptoms associated with physical pain symptoms (PPSs) in Asian patients with major depressive disorder (MDD).Design and methodsFour PPSs, including headache, chest pain, low back pain, and muscle pain, and subjective depressive symptoms were assessed using the Symptom Checklist ‐90‐Revised.FindingsOut of 528 participants, 390 (73.9%) had at least one PPS. After adjusting for sex, depression severity, disability, fatigue, physical health status, and mental health status, PPSs were found to be associated with crying easily, blaming oneself, feeling lonely, feeling blue, an...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesThis randomized controlled trial investigated the efficacy of cognitive functional therapy (CFT) compared with manual therapy and exercise (MT ‐EX) for people with non‐specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) at 3‐year follow‐up.MethodsHundred and twenty ‐one patients were randomized to CFT (n = 62) or MT‐EX (n = 59). Three‐year data were available for 30 (48.4%) participants in the CFT group, and 33 (55.9%) participants in the MT‐EX group. The primary outcomes were disability (Oswestry disability Index [ODI]) and pain intensity (numerical rating scale) and secondary out...
Source: European Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
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