Aggressive behaviour among drug-using women from Cape Town, South Africa: ethnicity, heavy alcohol use, methamphetamine and intimate partner violence - Carney T, Myers B, Kline TL, Johnson K, Wechsberg WM.

BACKGROUND: Women have generally been found to be the victims of violence, but scant attention has been paid to the characteristics of women who perpetrate aggression and violence. In South Africa, violence is a prevalent societal issue, especially in the ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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The objective of this study was to provide an overview of whether adherence to brain trauma foundation (BTF) guidelines improved outcomes following TBI utilizing intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring. Methods: This cohort study between 2000 and 2013 involved 1848 patients who sustained severe blunt TBI. Outcomes were correlated with whether or not ICP monitoring was utilized based on BTF guidelines. Results: The BTF guideline adherence rate for utilizing ICP monitoring in patients with TBI was 30% in 1848 patients. Adherence rates positively correlated with younger age, high injury severity scores, lower Glasgow C...
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
Conclusion: The acanthocephalan Pallisentis (Brevitritospinus) allahabadii Agarwal 1958 was described as an important parasite infecting fishes. The prevalence of the parasite was 23% and its adult stage was observed. PMID: 32482041 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: Turkiye Parazitol Derg Source Type: research
The objective of the study was to design, fabricate, and investigate the effectiveness of microneedle ocular patch (MOP) in delivering the model drug, pilocarpine HCl across the corneal membrane.Methods: MOP mimicked commercially available contact lens design elements having a diameter of 14.20 mm and a sagittal height of 3.85 mm with a convex curvature. The base of this patch contained an array of 25 pyramid-shaped microneedles measuring 521 ± 10 µm in length. Pilocarpine loaded MOP was prepared by micromolding technique using dissolvable polyvinyl alcohol and polyvinyl pyrrolidone...
Source: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Dev Ind Pharm Source Type: research
ConclusionsPatients who receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy for liver metastasis surgery have a greater splenic volume increase, which correlates with NAFLD and a lower survival.
Source: Clinical and Translational Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Findings indicate that alcohol intake produces diffuse reductions in RSV among structures associated with attentional processes. Within these structures, signal complexity was also reduced in a subset of frontal regions. Neurobehavioral effects of acute alcohol consumption may be partially driven by disruption of intraregional neural dynamics among regions involved in higher order cognitive and attentional processes. PMID: 32472620 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
This study shows that 3D printed sodium alginate/PVA-grafted CNF hydrogels are promising scaffold materials for bone tissue engineering. PMID: 32470581 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Int J Biol Macromol Source Type: research
Herrero-Beaumont G, Naredo E Abstract BACKGROUND:  Digital subcutaneous tissue (SCT) changes are involved in dactylitis, a hallmark feature of psoriatic arthritis (PsA). There are no studies on the ultrasound (US) characteristics of the digital SCT in the general population. OBJECTIVES:  To investigate the variability in US-measured thickness (TH) and color Doppler (CD)-detected blood flow of the SCT of the volar aspects of the fingers in a non-psoriatic population and to investigate the impact of the scanning method and demographics and clinical features on these measurements. METHODS:  ...
Source: Ultraschall in der Medizin - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Ultraschall Med Source Type: research
In this study, a total of 50P. aeruginosa isolates were recovered from clinical samples. According to the results, the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration  (MBC) value of Ag-NPs againstP. aeruginosa was determined to be 512 –256 μg/ml, respectively, while the MIC and MBC value of GS–Ag-NPs againstP. aeruginosa clinical strains was determined in a range of 128 –256 μg/ml and 256–512 μg/ml, respectively. The mean expression level inlas R, las I genes inP. aeruginosa strains treated with ½ MIC of Ag-NPs was decreased by &minu...
Source: European Journal of Medical Research - Category: Research Source Type: research
Conclusions Affiliation with a quality network seemed to improve outcomes by reducing full disability pensions or replacing them by partial disability pensions. Some QI activities in the OQN were associated with a reduction of disability pensions.byKuronen J, Winell K, Kopra J, R äsänen K. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3898
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - Category: Occupational Health Tags: Original article Source Type: research
Abstract Antimicrobial resistance is a complex global health challenge today. Discovery and development of new natural alternates with novel targets is utmost priority. In this experiment, alternative antibiotic agents in the form of silver nanoparticles (SNPs) and Achillea millefolium L. extracts were evaluated for antibacterial and antioxidant activity. The SNPs were synthesized using aqueous, ethanol and methanol extracts of A. millefolium and were monitored by a color change and UV-vis spectroscopy. The size and shape of the nanoparticles were determined through scanning electron microscopy and phase was asses...
Source: Appl Human Sci - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl Source Type: research
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