Franklin Square Medical Center wants to start doing liver, kidney transplants
The programs would not require any new building or renovation at the hospital, and comes with an equipment price tag of about $75,800.
Background and Aim: Data are scanty on allocating simultaneous liver kidney (SLK) based on model for end-stage disease (MELD) score. Diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension (HTN) are frequent in cirrhosis patients. We analyzed transplant recipients with DM and/or HTN to compare MELD-based outcomes of SLK to liver transplantation alone (LTA). Materials and Methods: Of 13,584 first deceased donor liver transplantation among patients with DM and/or HTN (1530 or 11.2% SLK), MELD score predicted SLK [1.02 (1.01-1.03)]. SLK was beneficial for 5-year patient survival at MELD score ≥43 (78.6% vs. 62.6%, P=0.017), but not at MELD score
Discussion BM-MSCs and ADSCs showed in vitro characteristics suitable for tissue regeneration and fused with resident cells in engrafted tissues. The data suggest that paracrine effect is the prevalent mechanism inducing tissue recovery. Overall, BM-MSCs and ADSCs appear to be valuable tools in regenerative medicine for hearing loss recovery.
CONCLUSIONS: The tacrolimus and cyclosporine ECLIAs demonstrated excellent precision and close agreement with other immunoassays tested. These results show that both assays are suitable for ISD monitoring in an APAC population across a range of different transplant types. PMID: 29214751 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: In patients with aHUS associated with a CFH mutation, KT without LT was complicated with a recurrence of aHUS, which might lead to allograft loss. Conversely, LT was successful in preventing the recurrence of aHUS and thus might be another option for a recurrence-free life for aHUS patients associated with CFH mutation. PMID: 29215813 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusions: Posttransplant MNs have a latency period between that seen in AML/MDS related to alkylators and that associated with topoisomerase II inhibitors. The cytogenetic profile suggests a mutagenic effect on leukemogenesis. The clinical outcome for AML/MDS is dismal, with death occurring at an early phase of treatment. PMID: 29228125 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Abstract Non‐adherence to immunosuppressant medications is an important risk factor for graft dysfunction. To evaluate the effectiveness of adherence‐enhancing interventions, we reviewed adherence intervention studies in solid organ transplant recipients (all ages). Using the following databases: PsycINFO, PubMed, Scopus, and ScienceDirect, we identified 41 eligible studies. Only three non‐randomized trials showed a possible positive effect on objective indicators of transplant outcomes (such as rejection, liver enzyme levels, kidney function). None of the 21 RCTs showed an improvement in transplant outcomes. Three s...
Researchers can create functional organ tissue in small quantities, building few-millimeter-sized structures known as organoids. Yet because there is still no reliable approach to the creation of the capillary networks required to support thick tissue sections, this cannot yet scale up to the production of full-size replacement organs. That may not be a roadblock for organs such as the liver and kidney, which are responsible for what are essentially chemical manufacture and filtration tasks; in this case the large-scale structure of the organ isn't as important as the small-scale structure, and much of the organ might be t...
Conclusion: Whole-exome sequencing identified diagnostic mutations in a substantial number of adults with CKD of many causes. Further study of the utility of WES in the evaluation and care of patients with CKD in additional settings is warranted. Primary Funding Source: New York State Empire Clinical Research Investigator Program, Renal Research Institute, and National Human Genome Research Institute of the National Institutes of Health. PMID: 29204651 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Abstract PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The global shortage of organ donors will not be resolved solely by relying on deceased donation following a brain death determination (DBD). Expansion of deceased donation after circulatory death (DCD) will be needed to address the shortfall of organs for transplantation. Approximately 120 000 organ transplants are performed each year; however, the WHO estimates that this number of transplants only resolves 10% of the annual worldwide transplant need. RECENT FINDINGS: The report addresses the opportunity of DCD expansion by evaluating the DCD potential that is not being realized,...