Modulation of dendritic cell and T cell cross-talk during aging: The potential role of checkpoint inhibitory molecules.
Modulation of dendritic cell and T cell cross-talk during aging: The potential role of checkpoint inhibitory molecules. Ageing Res Rev. 2017 Jul 20;: Authors: Gardner JK, Mamotte CDS, Jackaman C, Nelson DJ Abstract Dendritic cells (DCs) undergo continuous changes throughout life, and there is evidence that elderly DCs have a reduced capacity to stimulate T cells, which may contribute to impaired anti-tumour immune responses in elderly people with cancer. Changes in checkpoint inhibitory molecules/pathways during aging may be one mechanism that impairs the ability of elderly DCs to activate T cells. However, little is currently known regarding the combined effects of aging and cancer on DC and T cell inhibitory molecules/pathways. In this review, we discuss our current understanding of the influence of aging and cancer on key DC and T cell inhibitory molecules/pathways, the potential underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms contributing to their modulation, and the possibility of therapeutically targeting inhibitory molecules in elderly cancer patients. PMID: 28736117 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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Authors: Robb CM, Kour S, Contreras JI, Agarwal E, Barger CJ, Rana S, Sonawane Y, Neilsen BK, Taylor M, Kizhake S, Thakare RN, Chowdhury S, Wang J, Black JD, Hollingsworth MA, Brattain MG, Natarajan A Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.18632/oncotarget.23749.]. PMID: 32637035 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Sarfstein R, Werner H Abstract A significant volume of clinical and epidemiological data provides support to the concept that insulin and the insulin receptor (INSR) have an important role in breast cancer. Tumor suppressor p53 is the most frequently mutated molecule in human cancer. The present study was aimed at evaluating the hypothesis that p53 governs the expression and activation of the INSR gene in breast cancer cells. In addition, the study was designed to investigate the mechanism of action of p53 in the context of INSR gene regulation. The availability of MCF7 breast cancer-derived cell lines wit...
CONCLUSIONS: New-onset AF and the other severe complications were not associated with poorer long-term survival following esophagectomy. In addition, administration of landiolol hydrochloride after esophagectomy did not contribute to prolonging the OS. PMID: 32637032 [PubMed]
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings confirmed a high frequency of KIT and NRAS mutations in SUM, as well as a low incidence of BRAF mutations. We reported novel KRAS, CTNNB1, TP53, ERBB2, and SMAD4 mutations in SUM. Our findings provide new insights into the molecular pathogenesis of SUM. PMID: 32637031 [PubMed]
Authors: Chae HD, Dutta R, Tiu B, Hoff FW, Accordi B, Serafin V, Youn M, Huang M, Sumarsono N, Davis KL, Lacayo NJ, Pigazzi M, Horton TM, Kornblau SM, Sakamoto KM Abstract The 90 kDa Ribosomal S6 Kinase (RSK) drives cell proliferation and survival in cancers, although its oncogenic mechanism has not been well characterized. Phosphorylated level of RSK (T573) was increased in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients and associated with poor survival. To examine the role of RSK in AML, we analyzed apoptosis and the cell cycle profile following treatment with BI-D1870, a potent inhibitor of RSK. BI-D1870 treatment increa...
This study aimed to determine the impact of coexisting COPD on long-term mortality in patients with CS-dependent asthma. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of patients with CS-dependent asthma aged 40 years or older was established using records from the Korean National Health Insurance Service database for 2005 to 2015. We classified the subjects into 2 groups according to the presence of COPD and evaluated the hazard ratio (HR) for all-cause mortality in patients with COPD relative to those without COPD. RESULTS: Of 8,021 patients with CS-dependent asthma, 3,121 (38.9%) had COPD. All-cause mortality was significantl...
Authors: Enikeev D, Taratkin M, Morozov A, Shpikina A, Singla N, Rivas JG, Barret E, Glybochko P PMID: 32638576 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Series Type : Non-coding RNA profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensThrough the high-throughput sequencing platform illumina Hiseq4000, explore the molecular mechanism of miRNA molecules in the development of gastric cancer