Swaziland: Swaziland Cuts HIV Infection Rate in Half

[VOA] The U.S. government says the HIV epidemic is "coming under control" in Swaziland, the country with the world's highest prevalence of the virus.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

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[SAnews.gov.za] The use of innovation and technology has been punted as the key tool to end the scourge of HIV and Aids in the country at the 9th South African Aids Conference.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
This study aims to review the epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among men who have sex with men (MSM) and suggest control measures.Recent FindingsDespite declines in new HIV diagnosis, bacterial STIs among MSM have dramatically risen since the late 1990s. This increase occurred concurrent with introduction of effective antiretroviral therapy, the advent of electronic mechanisms for meeting sex partners and population-level changes in sexual behavior, including decreased condom use. HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is now further diminishing condom use, though its impact on STIs is uncertain. A plan ...
Source: Current HIV/AIDS Reports - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Conclusion and Recommendations: Consistent condom utilization among HIV clients on ART was low (55.8%). Place of residence and condom use initiation during sexual contact were significantly associated with consistent condom use. It is better to give more emphasis on health education and counseling service about consistent condom use for PLWHA who are on ART during follow-up especially for those who came from rural areas. PMID: 31007955 [PubMed]
Source: AIDS Research and Treatment - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: AIDS Res Treat Source Type: research
[New Era] Windhoek -The U.S Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on Monday announced funding of N$24.4 million towards the Ministry of Health and Social Services for the period of April to September this year to fight the HIV/Aids epidemic.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
[Daily News] NATIONAL Council of People living with HIV and AIDS (NACOPHA) has described a recently launched report on Tanzania HIV Impact Survey (THIS) as vital in attaining ambitious testing and treatment targets to end AIDS epidemic.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
In conclusion, our findings demonstrate that in the presence of an HIV-1 infection, the cellular distribution of FcγRIIIa is altered and that the functional consequence of FcγRIIIa variant is affected. Importantly, it underscores the need to characterize FcγR expression, cellular distribution and functional consequences of FcγR genetic variants within a specific environment or disease state. Introduction Receptors for the Fc domain of immunoglobulin G (IgG), so called Fc gamma receptors (FcγRs), link the specificity of IgG with potent effector functions of the innate immune system. Fc&ga...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions Apart West Nile virus (78), thousands of congenital microcephaly cases, fetal brain tissue damage and neurological syndromes have been associated with ZIKV infection. Unfortunately, the epidemics of this mosquito born, and a relative stable virus is on a rise. Although congenital microcephaly is a rare disorder however, due to lack of standardized diagnostic test facilities, the incidence in the geographically widespread ZIKV epidemic regions is higher. Animals studies showed that ZIKV is a neurotropic virus. It directly targets the developing embryonic brain cells by inducing apoptosis, cell-cycle arrest, and...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In this study, we included data previously published by our group from patients followed-up at HFI and all HIV-1 sequences obtained by NGS publicly available. A detailed description of the studied populations can be found in their respective articles (Pessoa et al., 2015, 2016; Alves et al., 2017). We focused on the HIV-1 subtype classification, identification of HIV recombinants and multiple infection investigation for our novel patients. As previous published, the patients from HFI were mostly males (75%) with a median age of 38 years at the time of sample collection. Regarding our new cohort, we also found a prevalence ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the immunological changes in the levels of monocytes and Tregs and the associations between these cell types in HIV-1-infected MSM with syphilis. Methods Study Participants We enrolled 81 participants in this study. These individuals were assigned to four groups on the basis of serologic testing and HIV-1 results, namely, the rapid plasma reagin (RPR+) group, the CHI group, the CHI&RPR+ group, and the healthy control group. HIV-1 infection status was determined with the HIV-1/2 antigen/antibody combo enzyme immunoassay (Beijing Wantai Biological Medical Company, Beijing, China). Positive ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
[The Herald] Bulawayo, Harare, Ruwa and Chitungwiza have been identified as HIV hotspots, with the highest number of infected people not on treatment amid reports that risky sexual behaviour continues to drive the epidemic in Zimbabwe. A study carried out by AVERT, an international evidence-based HIV and sexual health information organisation, shows that a number of women are engaging in early sex in poorer areas which puts them at risk.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
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