Treatment of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder in a cohort of young patients in a partial hospitalization program for eating disorders

DiscussionOur findings suggest that patients with ARFID can be successfully treated in the same PHP as patients with other ED, with comparable improvements in weight and psychopathology over a shorter time period. Results are limited to patients with ARFID who exhibit an acute onset of severe food restriction. Future research should incorporate measures relevant to the diagnosis of ARFID and explore how patients with different ARFID subtypes may respond to various treatments.
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 22 April 2018 Source:Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience Author(s): Yi-Wen Chen, Hannah Actor-Engel, Chiye Aoki Activity-based anorexia (ABA) is an animal model of anorexia nervosa, a mental illness with highest mortality and with onset that is most frequently during adolescence. We questioned whether vulnerability of adolescent mice to ABA differs between sexes and whether individual differences in resilience are causally linked to alpha4betadelta-GABAAR expression. C57BL6/J WT and α4-KO adolescent male and female mice underwent ABA induction by combining wheel access with food re...
Source: Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2018 Source:Journal of Psychiatric Research, Volume 103 Author(s): Nadine P.G. Paans, Mariska Bot, Ingeborg A. Brouwer, Marjolein Visser, Brenda W.J.H. Penninx Depression and body mass index (BMI) are known to be associated with body image, however, their independent or joint effects on body image in adults are largely unknown. Therefore, we studied associations of depression diagnosis, severity, and BMI with perceptual body size (PBS) and body image dissatisfaction (BID). Cross-sectional data from 882 remitted depressed patients, 242 currently depressed patients and 325 healthy controls from the ...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Abstract Eating disorders (ED) are prevalent mental illnesses composed mainly of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorders. Anxiety disorders are another set of mental illnesses, with phobic disorder (PD) being the most prevalent disorder. ED and PD are highly comorbid. The aim of this study is to assess, in 131 individuals attending an outpatient clinic for different health issues, the level of fear related to situations generating avoidance such as in social anxiety and specific phobias according to the fear questionnaire (FQ), the level of disgust according to the disgust scale (DS-R) and the...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with AN-R and B/P EDs show different profiles of problem-solving strategies both in the acute stage of their illness and following symptomatic stabilization. PMID: 29735811 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and Related Sciences - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci Source Type: research
Conclusions: Hospitalized cancer patients in Greece experience several symptoms during the last months of their life. These are influenced by demographic characteristics. Appropriate interventions are strongly advised with appropriate recognition and evaluation of symptoms by health professionals. PMID: 29699055 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research
Do you ever get tired of maintaining your life? Not making it Instagram worthy or Facebook ready. But just getting to where you feel almost normal. It’s a lot of work when you’re juggling life with an illness. It requires more than an occasional spa trip. It requires patience, and lots of loving, supportive people. It takes a village, and team. It can take time to build a toolkit and support system so be kind to yourself. And never think you’re being selfish. Knowing what you need and setting boundaries impact your health and happiness and in return affect those you love. As you work on creating the ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Best of Our Blogs Source Type: blogs
Abstract Social anxiety disorder is one of the most common comorbid conditions in eating disorders (EDs). The aim of the current review and meta-analysis is to provide a qualitative summary of what is known about social anxiety (SA) in EDs, as well as to compare levels of SA in those with EDs and healthy controls. Electronic databases were systematically searched for studies using self-report measures of SA in ED populations. In total, 38 studies were identified, 12 of which were included in the meta-analyses. For both anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa, there were significant differences between ED groups ...
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
Anorexia nervosa (AN) affects 0.9% of women and 0.3% of men in the United States. Treatment outcome for AN is poor, it carries the highest mortality rate of any psychiatric disorder, and only half of patients experience long-term recovery. Despite significant morbidity and mortality, the evidence base for treatment is weak. Weight restoration approaches are typically guideline- rather than evidence-based and can be physically uncomfortable and psychologically distressing to patients. Novel therapies for this illness are therefore needed, and the microbes in the intestine ( “gut microbiota”) have emerged as a po...
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Floatation-REST (Reduced Environmental Stimulation Therapy), a novel body-based intervention which attenuates exteroceptive sensory input to the nervous system, is being increasingly utilized as a non-pharmacological tool for reducing anxiety and stress. Anorexia nervosa (AN) is characterized by heightened anxiety, distorted body image, and disrupted interoception, raising the question of whether Floatation-REST might positively impact these symptoms, but there are no studies documenting the safety or tolerability of this procedure.
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Individuals with eating disorders experience high anxiety when eating, which may contribute to the high relapse rates seen in the eating disorders. However, it is unknown if specific cognitions associated with such anxiety (e.g., fears of gaining weight) may lead to engagement in eating disorder behaviors (e.g., weighing oneself). Participants (N = 66) recently treated at a residential eating disorder facility and diagnosed with an eating disorder (primarily anorexia nervosa; n = 40; 60.6%) utilized a mobile application to answer questions about mealtime cognitions, anxiety, and eating disorder be...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Behav Res Ther Source Type: research
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