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Issue Information: Editorial Board & Table of Contents
(Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - July 11, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

A randomized, comparative pilot trial of family ‐based interpersonal psychotherapy for reducing psychosocial symptoms, disordered‐eating, and excess weight gain in at‐risk preadolescents with loss‐of‐control‐eating
DiscussionFamily‐based approaches that address interpersonal and emotional underpinnings of LOC‐eating in preadolescents with overweight/obesity show preliminary promise, particularly for reducing internalizing symptoms. Whether observed psychological benefits translate into sustained prevention of disordered‐eating or excess weight gain requires further study. (Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - July 1, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Lauren B. Shomaker, Marian Tanofsky ‐Kraff, Camden E. Matherne, Rim D. Mehari, Cara H. Olsen, Shannon E. Marwitz, Jennifer L. Bakalar, Lisa M. Ranzenhofer, Nichole R. Kelly, Natasha A. Schvey, Natasha L. Burke, Omni Cassidy, Sheila M. Brady, Laura J. Di Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Treatment of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder in a cohort of young patients in a partial hospitalization program for eating disorders
DiscussionOur findings suggest that patients with ARFID can be successfully treated in the same PHP as patients with other ED, with comparable improvements in weight and psychopathology over a shorter time period. Results are limited to patients with ARFID who exhibit an acute onset of severe food restriction. Future research should incorporate measures relevant to the diagnosis of ARFID and explore how patients with different ARFID subtypes may respond to various treatments. (Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - June 23, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Rollyn M. Ornstein, Jamal H. Essayli, Terri A. Nicely, Emily Masciulli, Susan Lane ‐Loney Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Long ‐term outcome of anorexia nervosa: Results from a large clinical longitudinal study
DiscussionMany patients with very severe AN recover from their illness but AN also shows considerable long‐term negative consequences. Over long time periods, survivors show improvement but better treatments for severe cases are still needed. Predictors of outcome included symptom severity, chronicity, and length of follow‐up but not psychiatric comorbidity. (Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - June 23, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Manfred Maximilian Fichter, Norbert Quadflieg, Ross D. Crosby, Sonja Koch Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Macronutrient intake associated with weight gain in adolescent girls with anorexia nervosa
Abstract ObjectiveAdolescents and women with anorexia nervosa (AN) are known to severely restrict total calorie and fat intake. However, data are limited regarding specific macronutrient intake associated with weight gain in AN. ObjectiveTo prospectively investigate dietary macronutrient composition associated with weight gain in adolescent girls with AN. MethodA prospective naturalistic study of 90 girls 12–18 years old; 45 with AN and 45 healthy normal‐weight‐controls over a 6–12‐month period. Participants completed four‐day food diaries and underwent body composition assessment using dual energy x‐...
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - June 7, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Charumathi Baskaran, Traci L. Carson, Karen J. Campoverde Reyes, Kendra R. Becker, Meghan J. Slattery, Shreya Tulsiani, Kamryn T. Eddy, Ellen J. Anderson, Jane L. Hubbard, Madhusmita Misra, Anne Klibanski Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Vitamin D levels strongly influence bone mineral density and bone turnover markers during weight gain in female patients with anorexia nervosa
Abstract ObjectiveThe aim of the study was to investigate a potential role for vitamin D status on bone mineral density (BMD) during weight gain in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). MethodSpine and hip BMD assessed by dual‐energy X‐ray absorptiometry (DXA), serum vitamin D (25‐OH‐D), N‐propeptide of type I collagen (P1NP), C‐terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX), and intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) were measured before and after a 20‐week intensive weight‐restoration program in ninety‐one female patients with AN and secondary amenorrhoea. ResultsNinety‐one consecutive female patients (age 13...
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - June 7, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Alessandro Giollo, Luca Idolazzi, Cristian Caimmi, Angelo Fassio, Francesco Bertoldo, Riccardo Dalle Grave, Marwan El Ghoch, Simona Calugi, Paola Vittoria Bazzani, Ombretta Viapiana, Maurizio Rossini, Davide Gatti Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Issue Information: Editorial Board & Table of Contents
(Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - June 5, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Parental guided self ‐help family based treatment for adolescents with anorexia nervosa: A feasibility study
ConclusionsParental GSH‐FBT is feasible and acceptable to families willing to undertake online treatment. Follow‐up data was only available for 9 families (47%); thus further systematic evaluation is required before reaching conclusions about the efficacy of this approach. (Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - June 5, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: James Lock, Alison Darcy, Kathleen Kara Fitzpatrick, Molly Vierhile, Shiri Sadeh ‐Sharvit Tags: BRIEF REPORT Source Type: research

Socializing problems and low self ‐esteem enhance interpersonal models of eating disorders: Evidence from a clinical sample
DiscussionInterpersonal models that included self‐esteem and focused on socializing problems (rather than generic interpersonal problems) explained more variance in eating disorder symptoms. Future experimental, prospective, and treatment studies are required to strengthen the case that these pathways are causal. (Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - June 1, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Bronwyn C. Raykos, Peter M. McEvoy, Anthea Fursland Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Assessment of executive functioning in binge ‐eating disorder independent of weight status
Abstract ObjectiveExecutive functioning (EF) problems may serve as vulnerability or maintenance factors for Binge‐Eating Disorder (BED). However, it is unclear if EF problems observed in BED are related to overweight status or BED status. The current study extends this literature by examining EF in overweight and normal‐weight BED compared to weight‐matched controls. MethodParticipants were normal‐weight women with BED (n = 23), overweight BED (n = 32), overweight healthy controls (n = 48), and normal‐weight healthy controls (n = 29). The EF battery utilized tests from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Tool...
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - June 1, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Kalina T. Eneva, Jean M. Arlt, Angelina Yiu, Susan M. Murray, Eunice Y. Chen Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Food insecurity and eating disorder pathology
DiscussionThis is the first study to assess the full spectrum of ED pathology in a low income, marginalized population with food insecurity. Given that food insecurity is a global concern, results from this study suggest that greater attention to the association between ED pathology and food insecurity is warranted by researchers around the world. (Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - June 1, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Carolyn Black Becker, Keesha Middlemass, Brigitte Taylor, Clara Johnson, Francesca Gomez Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

The validity of DSM ‐5 severity specifiers for anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge‐eating disorder
DiscussionResults demonstrated limited support for the validity of DSM‐5 severity specifiers. Future research is warranted to explore additional validators and possible alternative indicators of severity in EDs. (Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - June 1, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Kathryn E. Smith, Jo M. Ellison, Ross D. Crosby, Scott G. Engel, James E. Mitchell, Scott J. Crow, Carol B. Peterson, Daniel Le Grange, Stephen A. Wonderlich Tags: BRIEF REPORT Source Type: research

Autonomy support and autonomous motivation in the outpatient treatment of adults with an eating disorder
DiscussionFindings suggest that the experience of autonomy support (from therapists and non‐therapists) is associated with increasing motivation in people undergoing ED treatment, and that becoming self‐motivated is linked to better outcomes. Such results indicate that support from therapists, relatives, and peers can favorably influence personal engagement in individuals undergoing ED treatment. (Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - June 1, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Howard Steiger, Jeanne Sansfa çon, Lea Thaler, Niamh Leonard, Danaëlle Cottier, Esther Kahan, Emilie Fletcher, Erika Rossi, Mimi Israel, Lise Gauvin Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Investigating the DSM ‐5 severity specifiers based on thinness for adults with anorexia nervosa
This study examined the utility of the DSM‐5 severity specifiers for adults with AN in relation to core cognitive and behavioral features of eating pathology and associated psychosocial impairment. MethodsA clinical sample of 146 adult AN patients (140 women, 6 men) were categorized using DSM‐5 current BMI severity specifiers and assessed with the Eating Disorder Examination‐Questionnaire (EDE‐Q) and Clinical Impairment Assessment (CIA). ResultsA total of 34 (23.3%) patients were categorized as mild (>=17.0 BMI), 35 (24.0%) as moderate (16‐16.99 BMI), 32 (21.9%) as severe (15‐15.99 BMI), and 45 (30.8%) as extreme (
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - June 1, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Deborah Lynn Reas, Øyvind Rø Tags: BRIEF REPORT Source Type: research

Diagnosis ‐specific self‐image predicts longitudinal suicidal ideation in adult eating disorders
DiscussionFindings are in line with research showing differential self‐image‐based prediction of important outcomes in ED, with noteworthy consistencies across diagnoses and suicidality variables. Strengths included the large sample, and limitations pertained to measures, attrition and Type II error risk. Replication is needed, but findings are consistent with some previous work and offers clinical and research implications. (Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - June 1, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Mikael Anders én, Andreas Birgegård Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Issue Information: Editorial Board & Table of Contents
(Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - May 19, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Mild, moderate, meaningful? Examining the psychological and functioning correlates of DSM ‐5 eating disorder severity specifiers
This study evaluated the DSM‐5 severity specifiers for treatment‐seeking groups of participants with anorexia nervosa (AN), the purging form of bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED). MethodHundred and sixty‐two participants with AN, 93 participants with BN, and 343 participants with BED were diagnosed using semi‐structured interviews, sub‐categorized using DSM‐5 severity specifiers and compared on demographic and cross‐sectional clinical measures. ResultsIn AN, the number of previous hospitalizations and the duration of illness increased with severity, but there was no difference across severi...
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - May 10, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Loren Gianini, Christina A. Roberto, Evelyn Attia, B. Timothy Walsh, Jennifer J. Thomas, Kamryn T. Eddy, Carlos M. Grilo, Thomas Weigel, Robyn Sysko Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Quality of randomized controlled trials in eating disorder prevention
DiscussionGiven the majority of eating disorder prevention studies had problems with trial quality, it is recommended that future RCTs follow quality checklists and CONSORT guidelines, that RCTs are registered, and protocols published in advance. In addition, funding bodies are called on to deliver the support needed to ensure that preventions for eating disorders are efficiently and cost‐effectively achieved. Resumen ObjetivoInvestigar la calidad de los ensayos controlados aleatorizados (RCTs) en la prevención de los trastornos de la conducta alimentaria. MétodoSe realizó una búsqueda sistem...
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - May 10, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Hunna J. Watson, Erica L. Goodman, Nicole B. McLagan, Tara Joyce, Elizabeth French, Vivienne Willan, Sarah J. Egan Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research

Time course of the effects of lisdexamfetamine dimesylate in two phase 3, randomized, double ‐blind, placebo‐controlled trials in adults with binge eating disorder
This study examined the time course of efficacy‐related endpoints for lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (LDX) versus placebo in adults with protocol‐defined moderate to severe binge eating disorder (BED). MethodsIn two 12‐week, double‐blind, placebo‐controlled studies, adults meeting DSM‐IV‐TR BED criteria were randomized 1:1 to receive placebo or dose‐optimized LDX (50 or 70 mg). Analyses across visits used mixed‐effects models for repeated measures (binge eating days/week, binge eating episodes/week, Yale‐Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale modified for Binge Eating [Y‐BOCS‐BE] scores, percentage body weig...
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - May 8, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: Susan L. McElroy, James I. Hudson, Maria Gasior, Barry K. Herman, Jana Radewonuk, Denise Wilfley, Joan Busner Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

The significant effects of puberty on the genetic diathesis of binge eating in girls
DiscussionResults provide critical support for increased genetic influences on binge eating during puberty. Additional studies are needed to identify hormonal mechanisms and fully test contemporary models of ovarian hormone risk. (Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - May 1, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Kelly L. Klump, Kristen M. Culbert, Shannon O'Connor, Natasha Fowler, S. Alexandra Burt Tags: BRIEF REPORT Source Type: research

Predictors of premature termination from psychotherapy for anorexia nervosa: Low treatment credibility, early therapy alliance, and self ‐transcendence
This study examines whether therapy‐related factors (patient‐rated pretreatment credibility and early therapeutic alliance) predict subsequent premature termination of treatment (PTT) alongside self‐transcendence (a previously identified clinical predictor) in women with AN. Methods56 women aged 17–40 years participating in a randomized outpatient psychotherapy trial for AN. Treatment completion was defined as attending 15/20 planned sessions. Measures were the Treatment Credibility, Temperament and Character Inventory, Vanderbilt Therapeutic Alliance Scale and the Vanderbilt Psychotherapy Process Scale. Statis...
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - May 1, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Jennifer Jordan, Virginia V. W. McIntosh, Frances A. Carter, Peter R. Joyce, Christopher M.A. Frampton, Suzanne E. Luty, Janice M. McKenzie, Janet D. Carter, Cynthia M. Bulik Tags: BRIEF REPORT Source Type: research

Defining “significant weight loss” in atypical anorexia nervosa
DiscussionResults support that even a 5% weight loss, combined with cognitive concerns, may produce a group with a clinically significant eating disorder. AAN was observed in both healthy weight and overweight/obese adults, highlighting the importance of screening for restrictive eating disorders at all weights. (Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - April 24, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: K. Jean Forney, Tiffany A. Brown, Lauren A. Holland ‐Carter, Grace A. Kennedy, Pamela K. Keel Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Decreased feedback learning in anorexia nervosa persists after weight restoration
ConclusionsIndividuals with AN show reduced learning from feedback or reinforcement, which may contribute to difficulties in changing maladaptive behaviors. (Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - April 10, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: Karin Foerde, Joanna E. Steinglass Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Issue Information: Editorial Board & Table of Contents
(Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - April 10, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Enhanced cognitive behavioral therapy for eating disorders adapted for a group setting
This study demonstrated that a group version of CBT‐E can be effective at reducing eating disorder psychopathology in a transdiagnostic sample of individuals with eating disorders. Group CBT‐E could provide a means of increasing availability of evidence‐based treatment for eating disorders. (Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - April 1, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Stephanie Wade, Sue Byrne, Karina Allen Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

A randomized controlled trial of The Body Project: More Than Muscles for men with body dissatisfaction
This study investigated the acceptability and efficacy of a cognitive dissonance‐based (DB) intervention in reducing eating disorder and muscle dysmorphia risk factors in men with body dissatisfaction. MethodMen were randomized to a two‐session DB intervention (n = 52) or a waitlist control condition (n = 60). Participants completed validated measures assessing eating disorder risk factors preintervention, postintervention, and at 1‐month follow‐up. ResultsProgram ratings indicated high acceptability. The DB condition demonstrated greater decreases in body‐ideal internalization, dietary restraint, bulimic symptom...
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - April 1, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: Tiffany A. Brown, K. Jean Forney, Dennis Pinner, Pamela K. Keel Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Eating disorder ‐related social comparison in college women's everyday lives
This study examined: frequency of upward and downward body, eating, and exercise comparisons; context in which these comparisons occur; and body, eating, and exercise comparison direction as predictors of concurrent body dissatisfaction and disordered eating thoughts, urges, and behaviors in college women's everyday lives using ecological momentary assessment (EMA). MethodParticipants were 232 college women who completed a two‐week EMA protocol, using their personal electronic devices to answer questions three times per day. ResultsFirst, body, eating, and exercise comparisons were common. Second, when these comparisons ...
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - April 1, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: Ellen E. Fitzsimmons ‐Craft Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Body composition in men with anorexia nervosa: Longitudinal study
ConclusionsShort‐term weight restoration can normalize body composition patterns in men with anorexia nervosa, but results in a central adiposity phenotype. The clinical implication of this finding is unknown, but should be explored given the high levels of concern about central adiposity in anorexia nervosa. (Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - April 1, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: Marwan El Ghoch, Simona Calugi, Chiara Milanese, Paola Vittoria Bazzani, Riccardo Dalle Grave Tags: BRIEF REPORT Source Type: research

Labeling and defining severe and enduring anorexia nervosa: A systematic review and critical analysis
DiscussionIt is the aim of the authors to inspire further research into what is the most appropriate label and defining features for the subgroup in order to facilitate a better approach and outcome for the individuals affected. ResumenObjetivoCon la Anorexia Nervosa (AN) teniendo varias presentaciones, tanto en la investigación como en los contextos clínicos, la atención se ha dirigido particularmente hacia las formas duraderas de esta condición. Un obstáculo importante en términos de avanzar en el campo es la inconsistencia en el etiquetado y definición de este subgrupo. E...
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - April 1, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: Catherine Broomfield, Kristin Stedal, Stephen Touyz, Paul Rhodes Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

Male clinical norms and sex differences on the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI) and Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE ‐Q)
This study aimed to (1) provide male clinical norms for widely used ED measures (Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire [EDE‐Q] and Eating Disorder Inventory‐3 [EDI‐3]) and (2) examine sex differences in overall ED psychopathology. MethodParticipants were 386 male and 1,487 female patients with an ED diagnosis aged 16 years and older who completed the EDE‐Q and EDI‐3 upon admission to a residential or partial hospital ED treatment program. ResultsNormative data were calculated for the EDE‐Q (global and subscales) and the EDI‐3 (drive for thinness, body dissatisfaction, and bulimia). Analyses of variance (A...
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - April 1, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: Kathryn E. Smith, Tyler B. Mason, Stuart B. Murray, Scott Griffiths, Rachel C. Leonard, Chad T. Wetterneck, Brad E.R. Smith, Nicholas R. Farrell, Bradley C. Riemann, Jason M. Lavender Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Premorbid BMI predicts binge ‐purge symptomatology among individuals with anorexia nervosa
DiscussionAmong individuals who develop an eating disorder, premorbid BMI may be implicated in the type and course of the eating disorder that emerges. (Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - April 1, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: Elin L. Lantz, Christopher Gillberg, Maria R åstam, Elisabet Wentz, Michael R. Lowe Tags: BRIEF REPORT Source Type: research

The effects of cognitive ‐behavioral therapy for eating disorders on quality of life: A meta‐analysis
ConclusionsFindings provide preliminary evidence that CBT for eating disorders is associated with modest improvements in QOL, and that CBT may be associated with greater improvements in QOL relative to comparison conditions. Resumen ObjetivoLos meta‐análisis han documentado la eficacia de la terapia cognitivo‐conductual (TCC) para reducir los síntomas de trastorno alimentario. Sin embargo, no se sabe si la TCC para trastornos alimentarios también puede mejorar la calidad de vida (CV). Por lo tanto, este meta‐análisis examinó los efectos de la TCC para trastornos alimentarios en CV ...
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - April 1, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: Jake Linardon, Leah Brennan Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

Relationship between desired weight and eating disorder pathology in youth
Abstract ObjectiveIndividuals with eating disorders (ED), particularly anorexia nervosa (AN), and bulimia nervosa (BN), often wish to reduce their body weight in pursuit of a thin ideal, but no study has examined the relation between desired weight and ED pathology in a clinical population of youth. Given the potential impact of desired weight on normalization of eating patterns and weight restoration, we examined the relation between desired weight and ED pathology in youth with AN or BN. MethodsParticipants were 340 youth presenting to an outpatient ED clinical research program. Height and weight were measured, and youth...
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - April 1, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: Hope K. Boyd, Andrea E. Kass, Erin C. Accurso, Andrea B. Goldschmidt, Jennifer E. Wildes, Daniel Le Grange Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Executive functions in adolescents with binge ‐eating disorder and obesity
This study examined EF in response to neutral stimuli in youth with BED. MethodAdolescents with BED and obesity (n = 22), individually matched adolescents with obesity (n = 22), and normal weight (n = 22) completed neuropsychological tests targeting inhibition (Color‐Word Interference Test), sustained attention (D2 Concentration Endurance Test), cognitive flexibility (Comprehensive Trail Making Test), and decision‐making (Iowa Gambling Task). ResultsAdolescents with BED and obesity displayed significantly poorer inhibitory control compared to normal‐weight adolescents. This e...
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - April 1, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: Rebekka Kittel, Ricarda Schmidt, Anja Hilbert Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Military sexual trauma is associated with post ‐deployment eating disorders among Afghanistan and Iraq veterans
This study used VHA administrative data to assess the presence of eating disorder diagnoses in medical records within 1‐ and 5‐years of initiating VHA care, and whether a positive screen for MST was associated with eating disorders. ResultsThree percent (n = 18,488) screened positive for MST. At 1‐ and 5‐year follow up, 0.1% (n= 513, 74% female), and 0.2% (n = 504, 71% female) were diagnosed with an eating disorder, respectively. In regression models adjusted for demographic variables, military service, and psychiatric comorbidities, the presence of an eating disorder diagnosis was nearl...
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - April 1, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: Rebecca K. Blais, Emily Brignone, Shira Maguen, Marjorie E. Carter, Jamison D. Fargo, Adi V. Gundlapalli Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Issue Information: Editorial Board & Table of Contents
(Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - March 28, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

A pilot evaluation of a social media literacy intervention to reduce risk factors for eating disorders
DiscussionThe outcomes of this pilot study suggest that social media literacy is a potentially useful approach for prevention of risk for eating disorders in adolescent girls in the current social media environment of heightened vulnerability. Replication of this research with larger, randomized controlled trials, and longer follow‐up is needed. (Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - March 28, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: Si ân A. McLean, Eleanor H. Wertheim, Jennifer Masters, Susan J Paxton Tags: BRIEF REPORT Source Type: research

Weak central coherence in weight ‐restored adolescent anorexia nervosa: Characteristics and remediation
This study suggests that abnormal interference by irrelevant global and local information is a central characteristic of WCC in adolescents with WR‐AN that cannot be accounted for by enduring illness or malnourishment. Additionally, this study demonstrates that WCC can be temporarily remediated by encouraging a state of high alertness. (Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - March 28, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: Noam Weinbach, Amit Perry, Helene Sher, James D. Lock, Avishai Henik Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Recurrent persistent hypophosphatemia in a male ‐to‐female transgender patient with anorexia nervosa: Case report
Abstract Refeeding hypophosphatemia remains a serious and common complication during the early phases of nutritional rehabilitation and weight restoration for patients with anorexia nervosa. Typically, the risk of refeeding hypophosphatemia diminishes after the first 1–2 weeks of the refeeding process and thus, frequent monitoring serum phosphorus levels becomes less important as refeeding proceeds. Herein, we describe a case of persistent recurrent hypophosphatemia in a male‐to‐female transgender patient with severe anorexia nervosa. As transgender patients become increasingly seen in the realm of eating disorde...
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - March 28, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: L. Beaty, N. Trees, P. Mehler Tags: CLINICAL CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Sex differences in subjective and objective responses to a stimulant medication (methylphenidate): Comparisons between overweight/obese adults with and without binge ‐eating disorder
(Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - March 24, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

The relationship between eating psychopathology and obstructive sleep apnea in bariatric surgery candidates: A retrospective study
Abstract ObjectiveObstructive sleep apnea (OSA), eating psychopathology, and major depressive disorder (MDD) are highly prevalent in patients with severe obesity. Our study aimed to identify differences in binge‐eating disorder (BED) prevalence in bariatric surgery candidates with and without OSA. MethodsIn this retrospective study, demographic data, psychiatric diagnoses, OSA diagnosis, binge eating, depressive and quality of life (QOL) symptoms were collected from 1,099 bariatric surgery candidates from a Canadian setting. Analysis of variance was used to identify differences in psychopathology and QOL between groups w...
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - March 23, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: Sanjeev Sockalingam, Hedieh Tehrani, Marlene Taube ‐Schiff, Jessica Van Exan, Vincent Santiago, Raed Hawa Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Characteristics of seeking treatment among U.S. adolescents with eating disorders
DiscussionAdolescent treatment seeking was infrequent overall, with individuals with counter‐stereotypic ED presentations least likely to have sought treatment. Adolescent treatment seeking could be promoted through increasing awareness among the public and healthcare professionals that EDs affect a heterogeneous group of people. More generally, research involving both treatment‐seeking and non‐treatment‐seeking individuals holds great potential to refine the field's knowledge of ED etiology, prevalence, treatment, and prevention. (Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - March 20, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: Lauren N. Forrest, April R. Smith, Sonja A. Swanson Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Measurement invariance of the Eating Disorder Examination in black and white children and adolescents
Abstract ObjectiveThe Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) was originally developed and validated in primarily white female samples. Since data indicate that eating pathology impacts black youth, elucidating the psychometric appropriateness of the EDE for black youth is crucial. MethodsA convenience sample was assembled from seven pediatric obesity studies. The EDE was administered to all youth. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) were conducted to examine the original four‐factor model fit and two alternative factor structures for black and white youth. With acceptable fit, multiple‐group CFAs were conducted. For measurem...
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - March 1, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: Natasha L. Burke, Marian Tanofsky ‐Kraff, Ross Crosby, Rim D. Mehari, Shannon E. Marwitz, Miranda M. Broadney, Lauren B. Shomaker, Nichole R. Kelly, Natasha A. Schvey, Omni Cassidy, Susan Z. Yanovski, Jack A. Yanovski Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Attitudes toward orthorexia nervosa relative to DSM ‐5 eating disorders
This study examined potential stigmatization of ON, compared with DSM‐5 ED diagnoses. MethodParticipants (N = 505) were randomly assigned to read a vignette depicting a woman with anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), binge‐eating disorder (BED), or ON. They then answered questions about the individual depicted in the vignette. A series of MANOVAs investigated whether opinions and beliefs about the person depicted varied as a function of the disorder described in the vignette. ResultsIndividuals with ON were perceived as less likely to “improve with treatment” than individuals with BN, ...
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - March 1, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: Courtney C. Simpson, Suzanne E. Mazzeo Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Estrogenic suppression of binge ‐like eating elicited by cyclic food restriction and frustrative‐nonreward stress in female rats
Abstract Because binge eating and emotional eating vary through the menstrual cycle in human females, we investigated cyclic changes in binge‐like eating in female rats and their control by estrogens. Binge‐like eating was elicited by three cycles of 4 days of food restriction and 4 days of free feeding followed by a single frustrative nonreward‐stress episode (15 min visual and olfactory exposure to a familiar palatable food) immediately before presentation of the palatable food. Intact rats showed binge‐like eating during the diestrous and proestrous phases of the ovarian cycle, but not during the estrous (periov...
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - February 22, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: Maria Vittoria Micioni Di Bonaventura, Thomas A. Lutz, Adele Romano, Mariangela Pucci, Nori Geary, Lori Asarian, Carlo Cifani Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

“Evidence”‐based medicine in eating disorders research: The problem of “confetti p values”
Abstract Eating disorders hold a unique place among mental health disorders, in that salient symptoms can be objectively observed and measured rather than determined only from patient interviews or subjective evaluations. Because of this measurement advantage alone, evidence‐based medicine would be expected there to make the most rapid strides. However, conclusions in Eating Disorders research, as in all medical research literature, often continue to be misleading or ambiguous. One major and long‐known source of such problems is the misuse and misinterpretation of “statistical significance”, with “p v...
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - February 22, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: Helena Chmura Kraemer Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Stability and change in patterns of eating disorder symptoms from adolescence to young adulthood
Abstract Using a community adolescent sample, we aimed to (a) empirically derive eating disorder (ED) symptom groups, (b) examine the longitudinal stability of those groups over 10 years, and (c) identify risk factors associated with ED group stability and transition through young adulthood. Young people (N = 2,287) from the Project EAT cohort participated at baseline (1998–1999) and at 10‐year follow‐up (2008–2009). Participants completed anthropometric measures at baseline and self‐report surveys on disordered eating symptoms and risk factors at both time points. Latent transition modeling...
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - February 14, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: Carolyn M. Pearson, Jonathan Miller, Diann M. Ackard, Katie A. Loth, Melanie M. Wall, Ann F. Haynos, Dianne Neumark ‐Sztainer Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Social support satisfaction in adults with eating disorders: Does stance matter?
This study examined the contribution of patient factors and perceived support stance used by family and friends in determining social support satisfaction. Individuals meeting DSM‐IV criteria for an eating disorder (n = 182) completed measures of eating disorder and psychiatric severity, interpersonal functioning, perceived support stance used by family and friends, and social support satisfaction. Correlations indicated that both patient factors (lower psychiatric distress and fewer interpersonal difficulties) and perceived support stance (higher concerned and lower directive support) were associated with ...
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - February 14, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: Josie Geller, Megumi Iyar, Suja Srikameswaran, Joanna Zelichowska, Erin C. Dunn Tags: BRIEF REPORT Source Type: research

Anorexia nervosa with massive pulmonary air leak and extraordinary propagation
Abstract A rare case combining pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, pneumopericardium, pneumoperitoneum, pneumorrhachis, air in retroperitoneum and extensive subcutaneous emphysema simultaneously in a severely anorectic male with BMI 9.2 (22.8 kg) and multiple vomitings is presented. This unusual condition was treated successfully with conservative medical approach in a specialized somatic unit for anorexia nervosa. (Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - February 6, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Authors: V. M. Jensen, R. K. St øving, P. E. Andersen Tags: CLINICAL CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Issue Information: Editorial Board & Table of Contents
(Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Eating Disorders - February 1, 2017 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research