A within-person analysis of the association between borderline personality disorder and alcohol use in adolescents - Lazarus SA, Beardslee J, Pedersen SL, Stepp SD.

Many studies examining the association between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and alcohol use during adolescence have focused on between-individual differences (rank order stability), comparing whether adolescents with elevated rates of alcohol use ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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 When Pauline Dakin was 10 years old, her mother took the family into hiding to escape imminent danger.  Fifteen years later, Pauline was told that they were on the run from the mafia.  At first, accepting of this explanation, Pauline’s doubts grew until she could no longer deny the truth: that there was no danger and she was being misled. Join us as Pauline shares how she came to this heartbreaking conclusion. SUBSCRIBE &REVIEW   Guest information for ‘Delusional Disorder’ Podcast Episode Pauline Dakin is the bestselling author of Run, Hide, Repeat: A Memoir of a Fugitive Childhoo...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Borderline Personality Schizophrenia The Psych Central Show Trauma Source Type: blogs
A discrete, specific diagnosis of suicidal behavior disorder is included inDSM-5 Section III, which contains “conditions for further study.” Such a diagnosis could be enormously clinically useful, helping to identify at-risk patients for treatment and aiding in research on suicide, according to former APA President Maria A. Oquendo, M.D., Ph.D. (pictured at left), chair of the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine and a director on the National Board of the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention. She was the chair and a presenter at the Tuesday Annual Meeting...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: APA's 2019 Annual Meeting DSM Igor Galynker Maria Oquendo suicide suicide prevention suicide-specific diagnoses Thomas Joiner Source Type: research
AbstractEmotional instability and dysregulation represent a core feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD) and abnormal patterns of sympathetic/parasympathetic activity have been repeatedly investigated in individuals with this disorder. Such abnormalities may represent the substrate for an arrhythmogenic risk that could materialize the following specific drug exposure. In this work, we decided to assess basal-corrected QT interval and dispersion (QTc and QTcd) for estimating such risk in a sample of drug-free adolescents with diagnosis of BPD. In this cross-sectional comparative study, we recruitedn =&thinsp...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Gyöngyi Kökönyei1,2,3*, Natália Kocsel1,2,3,4, Orsolya Király1, Mark D. Griffiths5, Attila Galambos1,2,4, Anna Magi1,4, Borbála Paksi6 and Zsolt Demetrovics11 Institute of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary2SE-NAP2 Genetic Brain Imaging Migraine Research Group, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary3Department of Pharmacodynamics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary4Doctoral School of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary5Psychology Department, Not...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundBorderline personality disorder (BPD) is a psychiatric condition associated with the impairment of the frontolimbic network. However, a growing body of studies suggests that brain dysfunction underling BPD could involve other brain areas. We explored the whole ‐brain white matter (WM) organization in BPD patients to clarify the structural pattern underlying the disease and its relationship with clinical features.MethodsFourteen BPD patients and 14 healthy controls underwent a multidimensional clinical assessment and diffusion tensor imaging acquisition. Measures of fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean, a...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Conclusion It is clear that clinically, there is still much to be learnt about alexithymia and its relationship with a range of related phenomena. Firstly, is alexithymia a continuous and stable trait independent of psychological or somatic symptomology that is developed during childhood? Or is it instead a reactive state induced by trauma and distress at any age, which serves to defend against intense and upsetting emotions? This impacts on treatment options. For example, should we be focussing on early childhood interventions which target the child's emotional environment and parenting to encourage emotional exp...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Alexandra Neyazi1†, Vanessa Buchholz1†, Alexandra Burkert1, Thomas Hillemacher1,2, Martina de Zwaan3, Wolfgang Herzog4, Kirsten Jahn1, Katrin Giel5, Stephan Herpertz6, Christian A. Buchholz1, Andreas Dinkel7, Markus Burgmer8, Almut Zeeck9, Stefan Bleich1, Stephan Zipfel5† and Helge Frieling1*† 1Molecular Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Psychiatry, Social Psychiatry, and Psychotherapy, Hannover Medical School (MHH), Hannover, Germany 2Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Paracelsus Medizinische Privatuniversität Nürnberg, Nuremberg, Germany 3Department of Psychos...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study, therefore, compares reappraisal of negative, positive, neutral, and alcohol-related images at a behavioral and neural level between ADPs and healthy controls (HCs).Thirty-nine ADPs and 39 age-, gender-, and education-matched HCs performed an emotion reappraisal task during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and craving was measured before and after the reappraisal task. During the emotion reappraisal task, participants were instructed to either attend or reappraise positive, negative, neutral, or alcohol-related images, and to indicate their experienced emotion on a visual analogue scale (VAS).Both A...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Kerridge BT, Chou SP, Pickering RP Abstract Objective: To compare prevalence rates of alcohol, nicotine, and other drug use and major psychiatric disorders (major depressive disorder, persistent depression, bipolar I disorder, agoraphobia, social and specific phobias, and antisocial, schizotypal, and borderline personality disorders) between US-born and foreign-born Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites and between early entry versus later-entry foreign-born Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites. Methods: Data were derived from face-to-face interviews in the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Sur...
Source: The Primary Care Companion for CNS Disorders - Category: Primary Care Tags: Prim Care Companion CNS Disord Source Type: research
AbstractDeficits regulating emotions are a core process underlying both substance use and mental health disorders. Research has focused on identifying one-to-one associations between individual emotion regulation (ER) strategies and mental health symptoms. Consequently, little is known about how patterns of ER relate to a broad range of psychopathology, in treatment seeking young people. Latent class analysis was used to examine patterns of ER strategies and their relationship with symptoms of depression, anxiety, eating disorders, substance use and borderline personality disorder, in a sample of young treatment seekers. P...
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
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