Catheter impregnation, coating or bonding for reducing central venous catheter-related infections in adults

This Cochrane Review informed a practice changing update on Dynamed Plus. It found that antimicrobial coatings that appear to reduce risk of central venous catheter-related bloodstream infection include minocycline-rifampicin, chlorhexidine silver sulfadiazine, silver, and heparin, but antimicrobial coatings do not appear to reduce risk of sepsis or mortality
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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The arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is recommended as the preferred hemodialysis access. However, placing an AVF in all patients may result in poor access outcomes and increased central venous catheter (CVC) use because of increased comorbid conditions, age, and suboptimal vessels. In patients with inadequate superficial veins for AVFs, the use of the brachial veins for creation of forearm arteriovenous grafts (AVGs) has received limited attention. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate outcomes of forearm brachial-brachial AVGs (BB-AVGs) placed in patients with poor superficial veins.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 March 2019Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic DisordersAuthor(s): Taehwan Yoo, Rishav Aggarwal, Shayna Brathwaite, Bhagwan Satiani, Mounir J. HauraniAbstractBackgroundDuplex ultrasound is the “gold standard” for diagnosis of acute deep venous thrombosis (DVT) because of its high specificity, sensitivity, safety, and portability. However, unnecessary testing epitomizes inefficient use of scarce health care resources. Here we hypothesize that the majority of simultaneous four-extremity duplex ultrasound (FED) examinations are unnecessary. By analyzing cl...
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Kim DH, Ryu DY, Jung HJ, Lee SS Abstract The aim of the present study was to describe the procedure of totally implantable central venous port system (TICVPS) insertion performed at our center and investigate associated complications. The study retrospectively evaluated 827 patients who underwent a single-type TICVPS insertion from January 2013 to July 2015. The length of the procedure, long-term device function, angle (chamber-to-tip) and complications of TICVPS, including infection, skin erosion, occlusion, malposition and thrombosis, were analyzed from the patients' medical records. A total of 843 TICVP...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: Preprocedural ultrasound scan of veins is feasible and easy, also in newborns, and it should be recommended for optimizing central venous catheterization.Neonatology 2019;115:335 –340
Source: Neonatology - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: In adults and children, current guidelines recommend measuring the diameter of the vein before the insertion of central catheters, in order to match vein diameter with catheter caliber and thus reduce the risk of venous thrombosis. In the neonatal intensive care unit, central catheters are often used but the vein diameter is usually not considered. METHOD: We assessed the diameter of the most relevant deep veins in 100 newborns, using a strict protocol of ultrasound evaluation. RESULTS: Mean gestational age of studied infants was 32 weeks and mean weight was 1,690 g. The mean diamete...
Source: Neonatology - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Tags: Neonatology Source Type: research
Conditions:   Surgery;   Multiorgan Failure;   Haematologic Disease Interventions:   Procedure: CHG technique;   Procedure: HMG technique Sponsor:   University Hospital Ostrava Completed
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
St. Paul-based Phraxis Inc.'s device offers an alternative to a central venous catheter.
Source: Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Source Type: news
Publication date: January 2019Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease, Volume 26, Issue 1Author(s): John K. Midturi, Sangeetha RanganathChronic kidney disease patients are at high risk for infections because of multidrug-resistant organisms. Infections are the second most common cause of death in patients with ESRD. Patients with ESRD are prone to infections given alterations in immunity, increased rates of colonization with multidrug-resistant organisms, increased hospitalizations, and interactions with health care systems. Infections range from urinary tract infections, pneumonia, skin and soft tissue infections, cent...
Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: According to the results obtained in our study, the one-stage surgical implementation of BBAVF-ST presents high permeability rates and a small number of related complications. Diabetes mellitus is a factor related to a worse surgical prognosis. Some of the biggest advantages are the greater optimisation of health resources and a shorter time in which the central venous catheter needs to remain in the body. PMID: 30853141 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Nefrologia : publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Nefrologia Source Type: research
This study will provide valuable information for the safety and efficacy of apixaban in VTE prevention during induction in paediatric ALL. PMID: 30861550 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Thromb Haemost Source Type: research
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