Noninvasive Cardiac Imaging in Obesity: Challenges and Opportunities

Source: Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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Authors: Dong Y, Li G Abstract Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common forms of chronic liver disease in developed countries and is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus, obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and metabolic syndrome. It is defined as steatosis in over 5% of hepatocytes. The disease spectrum of NAFLD ranges from simple fatty liver to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, liver fibrosis, even hepatic cirrhosis. The disease affects various extra-hepatic systems such as the cardiovascular system and urinary system. Heart-related disease is identified as the leading cause of mor...
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Reasonably effective, low-cost alternatives could fulfill an important role for a large part of the human population and could be of great value for the food market. Even a modest reduction of morbidity and mortality with respect to this disease translates into millions of lives saved. PMID: 31538881 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Current Pharmaceutical Design - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Pharm Des Source Type: research
Abstract PMID: 31538880 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Current Pharmaceutical Design - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Pharm Des Source Type: research
Authors: Jurkowska K, Kratz EM, Sawicka E, Piwowar A Abstract In the XXIst century in highly developed countries, progressively decreasing male reproductive potential is indicated. In recent years epidemiological studies indicate the deterioration of semen parameters: reduction of ejaculate volume, sperm count, and mobility, as well as abnormalities in their morphology. Male infertility can result from many different agents, such as: anatomical or genetic abnormalities, systemic or neurological diseases, infections, trauma, iatrogenic injury, gonadotoxins and development of sperm antibodies and lifestyle (especiall...
Source: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: J Physiol Pharmacol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 September 2019Source: AlterAuthor(s): Aurélien TroisoeufsRésuméEn 2014, la Cour européenne de justice reconnaît, pour la première fois, que l’obésité sévère puisse être considérée comme une situation de handicap au travail. Cette reconnaissance, pas encore appliquée en France, émerge dans un contexte où l’obésité comme maladie à soigner semble faire consensus. Le développement de la chirurgie de l’obésité et ses r&eacu...
Source: ALTER - European Journal of Disability Research - Category: Disability Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 September 2019Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Gerwyn Morris, Basant K. Puri, Adam J. Walker, Michael Maes, Andre F. Carvalho, Ken Walder, Michael BerkAbstractActivated immune-inflammatory, oxidative and nitrosative stress (IO&NS) pathways and consequent mitochondrial aberrations are involved in the pathophysiology of psychiatric disorders including major depression, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. They offer independent and shared contributions to pathways underpinning medical comorbidities including insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, obesity and card...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: Two-thirds of Canadian adults and one-third of Canadian children and youth are overweight or obese. There is increased interest in identifying features of the built environment-such as walkability-that facilitate lifestyle habits associated wit...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Pedestrians and Bicycles Source Type: news
This study of 905 adolescents (age 13-17 yea...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
The aim of this study was to determine the risk of having significant depressive symptoms in subjects with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus through a meta-analysis. Our results showed that individuals with obesity and diabetes have an increased risk of...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news
Recent studies published in this journal and elsewhere (1,2) have shown promising data on the therapeutic potential of left gastric artery (LGA) embolization for the treatment of obesity and its associated comorbidities. Ischemia of the gastric fundus, which plays an important role in the hormonal regulation of appetite, is thought to be the primary mechanism underlying the effects of bariatric embolization (3). Therefore, a thorough understanding of gastric arterial anatomy, including variant anatomy, is important, as embolization of any accessory vessels supplying the gastric fundus may have potential benefit in optimizi...
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Letter Section Source Type: research
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