Population ‐specific single‐nucleotide polymorphism confers increased risk of venous thromboembolism in African Americans
ConclusionsWe found a variant, PROS1 V510M, in an African American family with VTE and clinical laboratory abnormalities in Protein S. Additionally, we found that this variant conferred increased risk of VTE in a case–control study of African Americans. In the ESP cohort, the variant is nearly absent in ESP European descent subjects (n = 3, allele frequency: 0.03%). Additionally, in 1000 Genomes Phase 3 data, the variant only appears in African descent populations. Thus, PROS1 V510M is a population‐specific genetic risk factor for VTE in African Americans. We identified a novel association between a mutation in Protein S and venous thromboembolism in an African American family. We then demonstrated that this mutation is a population‐specific risk factor for venous thromboembolism in African Americans.
Publication date: Available online 18 August 2019Source: Microvascular ResearchAuthor(s): Sang-Soo Han, Zhen Jin, Byoung-Seok Lee, Ji-Seok Han, Jong-Jin Choi, Soon-Jung Park, Hyung-Min Chung, Anthony Safaa Mukhtar, Sung-Hwan Moon, Sun-Woong KangAbstractCritical limb ischemia is one of the most common types of peripheral arterial disease. Preclinical development of ischemia therapeutics relies on the availability of a relevant and reproducible in vivo disease model. Thus, establishing appropriate animal disease models is essential for the development of new therapeutic strategies. Currently, the most commonly employed model...
CONCLUSION: The protocol is based on scientific evidence that describes an effective therapy to prevent VTE. However, the protocol should be updated because the justifications for non-adherence are based on scientific evidence, and this justified non-adherence generates savings and yields effective disease prevention.
Endotoxemia often results in systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), coagulation disturbance and acute lung injury (ALI), and such a condition is associated with the activation of platelets, leukocytes and vascular endothelial cells (VECs). P-selectin glycoprotein ligand 1 (PSGL-1) is a key regulatory molecule in the activation of platelets, leukocytes and VECs. However, it still remains largely unexplored whether PSGL-1 plays an important role in SIRS, coagulation dysfunction and ALI of endotoxemia.
The zymogen form of circulating Factor VII activating protease (FSAP) is activated by histones that are released as a consequence of tissue damage or excessive inflammation. This is likely to have consequences in a number of disease conditions such as stroke, atherosclerosis, liver fibrosis, thrombosis and cancer. To investigate the existence, as well as the concentration, of active FSAP (FSAPa) in complex biological systems an active site probe is needed. We used Hybrid Combinatorial Substrate Library (HyCoSuL) to screen for natural and unnatural amino acids that specifically bind to P4-P2 pockets of FSAPa.
Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are widely used as therapies for venous thromboembolism and other cardiovascular diseases. However, routine coagulation monitoring is not required, but may be clinically indicated in high risk populations including obese patients.
Cancer patients are prone to higher risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) compared to the general population. However, the estimated incidence of cancer-associated VTE varied among the studies. The primary objective of this study was to determine the national annual incidence and examine the trend of cancer-associated VTE in the US over the years from 2005 to 2014.
Reduced clot permeability and lysability have been reported in patients who experienced venous thromboembolism (VTE) following lower limb injury despite pharmacological thromboprophylaxis. We hypothesized that similarly altered fibrin clot properties characterize patients with post-discharge VTE despite thromboprophylaxis during prior hospitalization due to acute medical illnesses.
Publication date: Available online 25 July 2019Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental HepatologyAuthor(s): Raseen Tariq, Page Axley, Ashwani K. SingalNonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is now the leading cause of chronic liver disease worldwide with a strong association with metabolic syndrome. NAFLD is truly a systemic disease and is associated with a plethora of extra-hepatic manifestations or comorbidities. These are either related to secondary effects of associated obesity or from pathophysiological effects of insulin resistance in NAFLD. Three most common causes of increased morbidity and mortality associa...
The monitoring of unfractionated heparin (UFH) reversal with protamine plays a crucial role for bleeding management after cardio-pulmonary bypass (CPB) in congenital cardiac surgery. The current standard for the monitoring of UFH and its reversal is the activated clotting time (ACT). While the ACT is affected by other CPB-associated pathologies a bedside technique with more specific heparin-related results would be very helpful. The new point-of-care viscoelastic test Haemonetics TEG ® 6s, which is based on small blood samples may fulfill these requirements.