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Autism Spectrum Disorder and Complementary Health Approaches

Parents whose children have autism spectrum disorder may choose complementary health approaches for their affected children. Melatonin may help with ASD-associated sleep disorders and music therapy may have other positive effects, but the efficacy of other complementary health approaches is uncertain.
Source: NCCAM Featured Content - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Source Type: news

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We aimed to investigate whether the impact on families of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is associated with the number and/or type of emotional and behavioral co‐existing conditions that parents/carers of children with ASD reported as occurring frequently. In addition, we examined whether there was a greater impact on families if their child was male, had lower levels of language, had more severe autism symptomatology, and whether impact was associated with the number and/or type of co‐existing conditions. Families were recruited from large UK research databases. 420 parents/carers of children aged 3 year...
Source: Autism Research - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
and purpose: Sleep disturbances in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are common and may impair daytime functioning and add to parental burden. In this well characterized sample of young children with ASD and disruptive behaviors, we examine the association of age and IQ in sleep disturbances using the Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire modified for ASD (CSHQ-ASD). We also test whether children with poor sleep have greater daytime behavioral problems than those with better sleep. Finally, we examine whether parental stress is higher in children with greater disruptive behaviors and sleep disturbances.
Source: Sleep Medicine - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Conclusions This is the first and most abundant prolonged awake and sleep video-EEG data recorded in a PMS cohort to date. The importance of overnight prolonged EEGs is highlighted by findings from this study, as they can be used to document the varied topographies of EEG abnormalities in conditions such as PMS, which are often missed during routine EEG studies. While the long-term significance of the EEG abnormalities found (beyond 1year) remains uncertain despite their persistence over time, these findings do underscore the current clinical recommendation that overnight prolonged EEG studies (with sleep) should be conduc...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first and most abundant prolonged awake and sleep video-EEG data recorded in a PMS cohort to date. The importance of overnight prolonged EEGs is highlighted by findings from this study, as they can be used to document the varied topographies of EEG abnormalities in conditions such as PMS, which are often missed during routine EEG studies. While the long-term significance of the EEG abnormalities found (beyond 1year) remains uncertain despite their persistence over time, these findings do underscore the current clinical recommendation that overnight prolonged EEG studies (with sleep) should be condu...
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
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Source: Basic and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsSleep problems and ASD are not bidirectionally associated. Sleep problems do not precede and worsen autistic behavior but rather co-occur with autistic traits in early childhood. Over time, children with ASD have an increase in sleep problems, whereas typically developing children have a decrease in sleep problems. Our findings suggest that sleep problems are part of the construct ASD.
Source: Molecular Autism - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
AbstractBehavioral sleep education has shown promise in young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but has received much less study in adolescents with ASD. A pilot study of a brief sleep intervention was delivered to 18 adolescents, ages 11 –18 years, and their parents. This sleep education, delivered in a two-session format, was associated with improved sleep onset delay, sleep efficiency, and other sleep parameters and sleep hygiene in adolescents with ASD during that time period. In this manuscript, the focus is on the impact this intervention and the sleep outcomes, presented in another manuscript, had ...
Source: Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Summary ObjectiveTo characterize the features associated with PCDH19‐related epilepsy, also known as “female‐limited epilepsy.” MethodsWe analyzed data from participants enrolled in the PCDH19 Registry, focusing on the seizure‐related, developmental, neurobehavioral, and sleep‐related features. We evaluated variants for pathogenicity based on previous reports, population databases, and in silico predictions, and included individuals with pathogenic or potentially pathogenic variants. We performed a retrospective analysis of medical records and administered a targeted questionnaire to characterize curren...
Source: Epilepsia - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: FULL ‐LENGTH ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
un Hong The aim of this review is to clarify the interrelationship between melatonin and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) during fetal development. ASD refers to a diverse range of neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by social deficits, impaired communication, and stereotyped or repetitive behaviors. Melatonin, which is secreted by the pineal gland, has well-established neuroprotective and circadian entraining effects. During pregnancy, the hormone crosses the placenta into the fetal circulation and transmits photoperiodic information to the fetus allowing the establishment of normal sleep patterns and circadian r...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Authors: Nguyen AKD, Murphy LE, Kocak M, Tylavsky FA, Pagani LS Abstract BACKGROUND: Sleep problems have been associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms and diagnosis. However, past research has studied the simultaneous association of sleep problems with precursor ASD symptoms. Using data from a birth cohort, we estimate prospective associations between infant sleep characteristics at 12 months and later ASD screening scores at 24 months. METHODS: We obtained data from children (N = 1,096) and their mothers as participants in the Conditions Affecting Neurocognitive Development and Learning in Early...
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research
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