Identification of 2-hydroxybenzoic acid derivatives as selective SIRT5 inhibitors

In this study, we report the identification of the hit compound 11 bearing a 2-hydroxybenzoic acid functional group as a novel SIRT5-selective inhibitor via our medium-throughput thermal shift screening assay. Hit 11 stabilizes SIRT5 in a dose-dependent manner and shows moderate inhibitory activity against SIRT5 and high subtype selectivity over SIRT1, 2, and 3 in a trypsin coupled enzyme-based assay. The carboxylic acid and the adjacent hydroxyl group of 11 are essential for maintaining activity. To further improve the potency of compound 11, a lead optimization was carried out, resulting in compound 43 with a 10-fold improved potency. Overall, compound 11 represents a promising new chemical scaffold for further investigation to develop SIRT5-selective inhibitors.PMID:35932566 | DOI:10.1016/j.ejmech.2022.114623
Source: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research