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A look back and a glimpse forward: A personal exchange between the current and the incoming Editor-in-Chief of < em > EJPA < /em > .
This article presents an exchange between the current and the incoming Editor-in-Chief of European Journal of Psychological Assessment (EJPA). This occurred during one of their meetings in which they discussed the EJPA and matters of assessment in general over a hot cup of coffee. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - December 1, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias; Greiff, Samuel Source Type: research

Current challenges, new developments, and future directions in scale construction.
The aim of this editorial is to describe challenges and new developments in scale construction and discuss how they can facilitate the quality of measurement instruments. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - September 22, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Danner, Daniel; Blasius, J örg; Breyer, Bianka; Eifler, Stefanie; Menold, Natalja; Paulhus, Delroy L.; Rammstedt, Beatrice; Roberts, Richard D.; Schmitt, Manfred; Ziegler, Matthias Source Type: research

50 facets of a trait —50 ways to mess up?
The idea of multifaceted personality traits has inspired the construction of many personality questionnaires. Empirical evidence supports the utility of these facets in many cases. Still, doubts remain, especially regarding other aspects such as reliability and construct validity. This editorial is meant to provide a different look onto the concept of facets. Moreover problems, which should be addressed when proposing a facetted measure, are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 13, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias; B äckström, Martin Source Type: research

50 facets of a trait—50 ways to mess up?
The idea of multifaceted personality traits has inspired the construction of many personality questionnaires. Empirical evidence supports the utility of these facets in many cases. Still, doubts remain, especially regarding other aspects such as reliability and construct validity. This editorial is meant to provide a different look onto the concept of facets. Moreover problems, which should be addressed when proposing a facetted measure, are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 13, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias; Bäckström, Martin Source Type: research

The role of personality in predicting (change in) students’ academic success across four years of secondary school.
Little longitudinal research has addressed the question of whether the Big Five personality traits (i.e., O, C, E, A, N) predict educational outcomes and whether the Big Five provide incremental predictive validity for educational outcomes when prior achievement, intelligence, and academic self-concept are controlled for. Also, little is known about whether noncognitive factors are related to change in academic success, especially grades, after controlling for its stability. To address these research questions, we used data from the Luxembourg longitudinal extension of the 2009 cycle of the Program for International Studen...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Spengler, Marion; Brunner, Martin; Martin, Romain; Lüdtke, Oliver Source Type: research

The role of noncognitive factors in predicting academic trajectories of high school students in a selective private school.
In this study, surveys of self-efficacy, locus of control, and intrinsic motivation were administered to 8,586 applicants to a prestigious private college-preparatory high school during the admissions process; simultaneously, standardized test scores (SSAT) were obtained. Enrolled and nonenrolled students were compared on prior academic performance and noncognitive measures. Further, noncognitive variables and trajectories of GPA (grade point averages) across 4 years (12 time points) were explored among the enrolled students (n = 818). The enrolled students, compared to the nonenrolled, showed advantageous scores on all me...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mourgues, Catalina V.; Hein, Sascha; Tan, Mei; Diffley III, Ray; Grigorenko, Elena L. Source Type: research

Effects of psychosocial characteristics of middle school students on high school grades and on-time graduation.
We report on a longitudinal study of middle school students followed through high school completion. We found that high school GPA mediates the effects of prior academic achievement, demographics, and most PSFs on on-time high school graduation. A measure of self-regulation had a significant direct effect on on-time graduation. The results underscore the importance of PSFs in predicting academic outcomes, even after accounting for prior achievement and demographics. Implications of examining PSFs early in students’ academic progression are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: E...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Moore, Joann L.; Way, Jason D.; Casillas, Alex; Burrus, Jeremy; Allen, Jeff; Hanson, Mary Ann Source Type: research

Sense of belonging to school in 15-year-old students: The role of parental education and students’ attitudes toward school.
Worldwide, students’ health and subjective well-being increasingly are regarded as important. One central noncognitive aspect that threatens students’ well-being and that is related to students’ socioeconomic background is whether they feel they belong to their social context (e.g., school) or instead feel socially ostracized. The present study investigated the relation between parents’ education and students’ sense of belonging to school and the role of students’ and parents’ attitudes toward school as mediators across different countries. The results indicate that students whose parents have a higher educat...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Marksteiner, Tamara; Kruger, Susanne Source Type: research

Measurement equivalence of the PALS academic self-efficacy scale.
There is consistent evidence of the importance of academic self-efficacy beliefs within educational research, as they are linked to critical academic outcomes. Ethnic and gender differences in academic self-efficacy have been found in nations outside of the United States, suggesting differences in how individual students perceive their academic abilities. However, if researchers are interested in making mean-level comparisons of academic self-efficacy across diverse subpopulations of students, it is imperative to assess the measurement equivalence of the scale used across these subgroups prior to drawing any conclusions ba...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Dever, Bridget V.; Kim, Samuel Y. Source Type: research

Assessing collaborative behavior in students: An experiment-based assessment approach.
In this study, we developed a computer-assisted assessment for collaborative behavior (COLBAS) following the experiment-based assessment of behavior approach (objective personality tests; Cattell, 1958). The instrument captures participants’ collaborative behavior in problem-solving tasks using the MicroDYN approach while participants work collaboratively with a computer-agent. COLBAS can thereby assess problem-solving and collaborative behavior expressed through communication acts. To investigate its validity, we administered COLBAS to 483 German seventh graders along with MicroDYN as a measure of individual problem-sol...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Krkovic, Katarina; Wüstenberg, Sascha; Greiff, Samuel Source Type: research

Anchoring vignettes: Can they make adolescent self-reports of social-emotional skills more reliable, discriminant, and criterion-valid?
Individuals differ in the way they use rating scales to describe themselves, and these differences are particularly pronounced in children and early adolescents. One promising remedy is to correct (or “anchor”) an individual’s responses according to the way they use the scale when they rate an anchoring vignette (a set of hypothetical targets differing on the attribute of interest). Studying adolescents’ self-reports of their socio-emotional attributes, we compared traditional self-report scores with vignette-corrected scores in terms of reliability (internal consistency), discriminant validity (scale intercorrelat...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Primi, Ricardo; Zanon, Cristian; Santos, Daniel; De Fruyt, Filip; John, Oliver P. Source Type: research

The multiple faces of risk-taking: Scoring alternatives for the balloon-analogue risk task.
The Balloon-Analogue Risk Task (BART; Lejuez et al., 2002) is one of the most popular behavioral tasks suggested to assess risk-taking in the laboratory. Previous research has shown that the conventionally computed score is predictive, but neglects available information in the data. We suggest a number of alternative scores that are motivated by theories of risk-taking and that exploit more of the available data. These scores can be grouped around (1) risk-taking, (2) task performance, (3) impulsive decision making, and (4) reinforcement sequence modulation. Their theoretical rationale is detailed and their validity is tes...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Schmitz, Florian; Manske, Karsten; Preckel, Franzis; Wilhelm, Oliver Source Type: research

Development of an inventory assessing social and emotional skills in Brazilian youth.
Discussion focuses on the contribution to socio-emotional research in education and its measurement as well as on limitations and suggestions for future research. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Primi, Ricardo; Santos, Daniel; John, Oliver P.; Fruyt, Filip De Source Type: research

Noncognitive assessment in K12 education: New constructs and approaches for the twenty-first century.
This special issue on noncognitive assessment in K12 education represents a call for evidence-centered accounts of the interface among personality assessment, educational applications, and policy-making that are based on decent sample sizes, best practices, and emerging (or sometimes re-emergent) theory. We delimited this further by focusing on K12 education (i.e., school-aged children and adolescents, ranging from kindergarten to the last year of high school), across theory, applications, and policy. Table l provides key features of accepted articles that went through a rigorous review process (many thanks also to readers...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 28, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Petway, Kevin; Allen, Veleka; Roberts, Richard D. Source Type: research

"Diagnostic concordance between categorical and dimensional instruments to assess personality disorder in chronic fatigue sydrome": Correction to Calvo et al., 2015.
Reports an error in "Diagnostic Concordance Between Categorical and Dimensional Instruments to Assess Personality Disorder in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: PDQ-4+ and TCI-R" by Natalia Calvo, Naia Sáez-Francàs, Sergi Valero, Jesús Castro-Marrero, José Alegre Martín and Miquel Casas (European Journal of Psychological Assessment, Advanced Online Publication, Aug 28, 2015, np). The correct author affiliations are present in the erratum. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2015-42715-001.) Abstract. The study examines the relationship between a categorical and a dimensional personality assessmen...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - January 14, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: No authorship indicated Source Type: research

Testing the unidimensionality of items: Pitfalls and loopholes.
Constructing a test, an interview, or a behavior observation often aims at deriving scores that are interpreted as manifestations of a trait. In order to test whether such an interpretation is feasible, different psychometric criteria have been suggested. Within this editorial we want to put the spotlight onto an often neglected aspect, relevant to the interpretation of test scores—the dimensionality of the underlying items. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - January 14, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias; Hagemann, Dirk Source Type: research

“F*** you, I won’t do what you told me!”—Response biases as threats to psychological assessment.
An overwhelming number of papers in the European Journal of Psychological Assessment focus on what Cattell (1958) called Q-data. More specifically, Cattell described three methods to assess personality: L-, T-, and Q-data. Regarding Q-data he wrote, "Observations of personality which come to the psychologist in terms of introspective, verbal, self-record and self-evaluation...." Ever since questionnaire data have been used, there has been a seemingly never-ending discussion regarding their shortcomings. There is ample empirical evidence that Q-data are valid predictors of human behavior in such diverse areas as scholastic ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - August 10, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias Source Type: research

The lack of cross-national equivalence of a Therapist Adherence Measure (TAM-R) in multisystemic therapy (MST).
This two-study report investigates the equivalence of the Dutch Therapist Adherence Measure Revised (TAM-R) to the US original. The TAM-R is a questionnaire measuring therapist adherence to the treatment model of Multisystemic Therapy (MST). Monitoring of therapist adherence is essential for evidence-based interventions to ensure the quality of the delivered treatment. International implementation of the TAM-R assumes cross-national equivalence, even though this assumption has never been investigated. In study 1 Rasch analysis was applied to 1,875 Dutch TAM-R reports and the response category frequency distributions of the...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 6, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lange, Aurelie M. C.; Scholte, Ron H. J.; van Geffen, Wim; Timman, Reinier; Busschbach, Jan J. V.; van der Rijken, Rachel E. A. Source Type: research

Sociodemographic effects on the test-retest reliability of the Big Five Inventory.
Psychometric properties of self-report scales can be affected by sociodemographic differences among respondents. For example, factor structures of established personality scales tend to be distorted in samples with less formal education. Whether test-retest reliabilities are comparably affected is of yet not well known. Therefore, this study examined the measurement precision of a short Big Five instrument in a diverse sample of the German population. A sample of 1,696 (50% women) participants reported on their personality twice within an interval of 10 weeks. The median test-retest reliability for the five traits, rtt = ....
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 29, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gnambs, Timo Source Type: research

The prediction of problem-solving assessed via microworlds: A study on the relative relevance of fluid reasoning and working memory.
In this study, we explored the network of relations between fluid reasoning, working memory, and the two dimensions of complex problem solving, rule knowledge and rule application. In doing so, we replicated the recent study by B ühner, Kröner, and Ziegler (2008) and the structural relations investigated therein [Bühner, Kröner,& Ziegler, (2008). Working memory, visual-spatial intelligence and their relationship to problem-solving. Intelligence, 36, 672 –680]. However, in the present study, we used different assessment instruments by employing assessments of figural, numerical, and verbal fluid reasoning, an assessme...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 29, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Greiff, Samuel; Krkovic, Katarina; Hautam äki, Jarkko Source Type: research

Comparing the Mathematics Continuous Performance Test with other measures of tests of attention.
Several studies have shown that Continuous Performance Tests (CPT) can diagnose Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) better than other tests. Research reporting comparisons of two or more CPT-type tests is scarce. The purpose of the study was to compare the Mathematics Continuous Performance Test (MATH-CPT) with another CPT-type test (CPT II) and a questionnaire (the Brown Scale). The comparison was carried out by looking at correlations among subscales and checking the precision of detecting ADHD. Ninety-five high school and college students participated in the study, 41 with ADHD were the research group and 54...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 29, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lufi, Dubi; Pan, Shachar Source Type: research

Development of a short form of the Personality Styles and Disorder Inventory (PSDI-6): Initial validation in a sample of pregnant women.
The original Personality Styles and Disorder Inventory (PSDI) consists of 140 items capturing the non-pathological equivalents of 14 personality disorders (PDs) listed in DSM-III-R, DSM-IV-TR, and ICD-10. Because the DSM-5 proposes only six PDs in its research section and completing the PSDI is very time-consuming, a questionnaire capturing these six PDs with a smaller number of items would be desirable. Therefore, the short version PSDI-6 measuring each of the six PDs with six items was developed. Methods: Items were selected by means of exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), using a calibration sample of non...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 29, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hain, Sarah; Schermelleh-Engel, Karin; Freitag, Christine; Louwen, Frank; Oddo, Silvia Source Type: research

Correction to Coroiu et al., 2014.
Reports an error in "Brief Form of the Interpersonal Competence Questionnaire (ICQ-15): Development and Preliminary Validation With a German Population Sample" by Adina Coroiu, Alexandra Meyer, Carlos A. Gomez-Garibello, Elmar Brähler, Aike Hessel and Annett Körner (European Journal of Psychological Assessment, Advanced Online Publication, Dec 10, 2014, np). The article contained an error on the title page. The list of authors and their affiliations are present in the erratum. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2014-55403-001.) The Interpersonal Competence Questionnaire (ICQ) developed by ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 8, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: No authorship indicated Source Type: research

Discovering the second side of the coin: Integrating situational perception into psychological assessment.
Within the last editorials, several issues directly related to manuscript rejections have been discussed. To this end, issues of validity (Ziegler, Booth, & Bensch, 2013; Ziegler & Vautier, 2014), item selection (Ziegler, 2014b), and the test construction process itself (Ziegler, 2014c; Ziegler & Bensch, 2013; Ziegler, Kemper, & Lenzner, 2015) were addressed. The goal of these endeavors was to influence the content and quality of the papers being submitted to the journal by providing general guidelines to authors. This editorial has a different goal. It sets out to demonstrate how research on situational perception affects...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 8, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias; Horstmann, Kai Source Type: research

Patient-rated outcome assessment with the German Version of the Outcome Questionnaire 45 in people with severe mental illness.
The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and psychometric properties of the German version of the Outcome Questionnaire (Ergebnisfragebogen; EB-45) in people with severe mental illness (N = 294). Reliability and sensitivity to change were assessed. Convergent validity was examined through correlations with the measures Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS-D) and Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF), and predictive validity through correlation with length of inpatient stay. The EB-45 showed good reliability and sensitivity to change, as well as good internal consistency for the total score and the sub...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - May 25, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Puschner, Bernd; Cosh, Suzanne; Becker, Thomas Source Type: research

The factor structure and measurement invariance of positive and negative affect: A study in Iran and the USA.
This study investigated the factor structure and measurement invariance of the Mroczek and Kolarz ’s scales of positive and negative affect in Iran (N = 2,391) and the USA (N = 2,154), and across gender groups. The two-factor model of affect was supported across the groups. The results of measurement invariance testing confirmed full metric and partial scalar invariance of the scales across cu ltural groups, and full metric and full scalar invariance across gender groups. The results of latent mean analysis revealed that Iranians scored lower on positive affect and higher on negative affect than Americans. The analyses a...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - May 25, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Joshanloo, Mohsen; Bakhshi, Ali Source Type: research

Exploring the utility of the Multidimensional State Boredom Scale.
State boredom – the experience of boredom in the moment – is related to a number of psychosocial issues. Until the recent creation of the Multidimensional State Boredom Scale (MSBS), research was constrained by the lack of a comprehensive, validated measure. However, the MSBS could benefit from further evalua tion. To more thoroughly validate the MSBS. In two studies, participants were induced into a state of either boredom or non-boredom, and then completed the MSBS. Discriminant analysis showed that the full MSBS was able to correctly classify 68.1% (Study 2) – 84.1% (Study 1) of participants into th eir experiment...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - May 25, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hunter, Jennifer A.; Dyer, Kieran J.; Cribbie, Robert A.; Eastwood, John D. Source Type: research

A meta-analytical multilevel reliability generalization of Situational Judgment Tests (SJTs).
During the past 20 years, Situational Judgment Tests (SJTs) have developed into a viable tool in personnel selection. Despite their growing popularity, research examining the extent of measurement error is widely lacking. Using reliability generalization, the aim of this article was twofold: (1) establish an estimate for an average coefficient alpha of SJT scores across studies and (2) examine the influence of essential SJT features and selected study variables on score reliability. To handle potential dependent observations a three-level hierarchical linear model was used. The results indicate that the reliability of SJT ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - May 25, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kasten, Nadine; Freund, Philipp Alexander Source Type: research

Tests of scholastic aptitude cover reasoning facets sufficiently.
This study explores how reasoning facets relate to tests of scholastic aptitude and to academic performance. Intelligence test scores and academic aptitude test scores from freshman students in science (n = 284) and economics (n = 359) as well as subsequent grades from their first year in college were used to analyze structural equation models. The direct influence of reasoning facets on academic performance is fully mediated by academic aptitude test scores. Numeric abilities dominate the aptitude tests ’ predictive power. Verbal reasoning explains a significant amount of aptitude test score variance in science but not ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - May 25, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Schult, Johannes; Fischer, Franziska T.; Hell, Benedikt Source Type: research

Test validation without measurement: Disentangling scientific explanation of item responses and justification of focused assessment policies based on test data.
Test validation based on usual statistical analyses is paradoxical, as, from a falsificationist perspective, they do not test that test data are ordinal measurements, and, from the ethical perspective, they do not justify the use of test scores. This paper (i) proposes some basic definitions, where measurement is a special case of scientific explanation; starting from the examples of memory accuracy and suicidality as scored by two widely used clinical tests/questionnaires. Moreover, it shows (ii) how to elicit the logic of the observable test events underlying the test scores, and (iii) how the measurability of the target...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - May 25, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lacot, Emilie; Afzali, Mohammad H.; Vautier, St éphane Source Type: research

French validation of the O-LIFE short questionnaire.
The original 104-item Oxford-Liverpool Inventory of Feelings and Experiences (O-LIFE) questionnaire is a validated schizotypy questionnaire distinguishing three schizotypy dimensions (Unusual experiences, Introvertive anhedonia, Cognitive disorganization). It also includes items on Impulsive nonconformity assessing traits sensitive to borderline and antisocial personality. Recently, Mason et al. (2005) published a shortened 43-item version including all sub-dimensions. The aim of this study was to validate a French version of this short form and to study the relationships between its French- and English-speaking versions. ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - May 25, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sierro, Guillaume; Rossier, J érôme; Mason, Oliver J.; Mohr, Christine Source Type: research

Measurement invariance in translations of the VIA Inventory of Strengths.
The VIA Classification of Character Strengths and Virtues (Peterson& Seligman, 2004) has been an influential contribution to the study of prosocial traits, and provided the basis for the VIA Inventory of Strengths (VIA-IS). Inherent to the Classification is the assumption that the character strengths included in the model are cross-culturally relevant. The emergence of a latent trait model for the VIA Classification from exploratory factor analytic research and the availability of data from translated versions of the VIA-IS provides a basis for evaluating this assumption. A sample of 15,540 individuals from 16 nations who ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - May 25, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: McGrath, Robert E. Source Type: research

Development of the Fear of Intimacy Components Questionnaire (FICQ): Embracing a dependence component.
We developed a new instrument designed to measure fear of intimacy in romantic relationships. We suggest assessing fear of intimacy through two dimensions: self-revelation and dependence. The Fear of Intimacy Components Questionnaire (FICQ) was validated across three studies in which a 10-item solution systematically emerged. Consistently with a two component perspective, a two-factor solution fitted data the best: fear of losing the self (FLS) and fear of losing the other (FLO). Qualitative analyses verified content validity. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses tested the factor structure. Multigroup analyses sup...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - March 2, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Pedro Sobral, Maria; Emília Costa, Maria Source Type: research

A reliability generalization study for a multidimensional loneliness scale: The Loneliness and Aloneness Scale for Children and Adolescents.
Research on the average reliability and factors that affect the reliability of loneliness scales has been restricted to unidimensional measures. A reliability generalization (RG) study was conducted for a multidimensional loneness measure, that is, the Loneliness and Aloneness Scale for Children and Adolescents (LACA). Multilevel meta-analyses were performed on 79 studies that comprised 92 samples (for a total of 41,076 participants). Average reliability (Cronbach’s alpha) across samples was good (i.e., .80 or above) for all four subscales. Studies with higher sampling quality yielded slightly higher alphas for one of th...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - March 2, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Maes, Marlies; Van den Noortgate, Wim; Goossens, Luc Source Type: research

Measuring psychology students ’ information-seeking skills in a situational judgment test format: Construction and validation of the PIKE-P test.
Three studies were conducted to develop a test for academic information-seeking skills in psychology students that measures both procedural and declarative aspects of the concept. A skill decomposition breaking down information-seeking into 10 sub skills was used to create a situational judgment test with 22 items. A scoring key was developed based on expert ratings (N = 14). Subsequently, the test was administered to two samples of N = 78 and N = 81 psychology students. Within the first sample, the scale reached an internal consistency (Cronbach ’s Alpha) of α = .75. Scale validity was investigated with data from the s...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - March 2, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Rosman, Tom; Mayer, Anne-Kathrin; Krampen, G ünter Source Type: research

The psychometric properties of the Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire in adolescents.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire (CFQ) in a sample of adolescents. Three hundred eight adolescents (11 –20 years) completed the Catalan version of the questionnaire (CFQ-C) as well as measures assessing anxiety sensitivity and acceptance. The results supported a one-factor solution for the CFQ-C, and indicated an adequate level of internal consistency (Cronbach’s α = 0.79). The validity of the C FQ-C was supported by a significant positive association between the CFQ-C total score and the measure of anxiety sensitivity and by a significant ne...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - March 2, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sol é, Ester; Racine, Mélanie; Castarlenas, Elena; de la Vega, Rocío; Tomé-Pires, Catarina; Jensen, Mark; Miró, Jordi Source Type: research

Ultra-brief measures for the Situational Eight DIAMONDS domains.
People perceive psychological situations on the “Situational Eight” DIAMONDS characteristics (Duty, Intellect, Adversity, Mating, pOsitivity, Negativity, Deception, Sociality; Rauthmann et al., 2014). To facilitate situational assessment and economically measure these dimensions, we propose four ultra-brief one-item scales (S8-I, S8-II, S8-III-A, S8-III-P) validated against the already existing 24-item S8*. Convergent/discriminant validity of the four S8-scales was examined by analyses of the multi-characteristics multi-measures matrix, and their nomological associations with external criteria were compared. Applicatio...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - March 2, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Rauthmann, John F.; Sherman, Ryne A. Source Type: research

Measuring the Situational Eight DIAMONDS characteristics of situations: An optimization of the RSQ-8 to the S8*.
It has been suggested that people perceive psychological characteristics of situations on eight major dimensions (Rauthmann et al., 2014): The “Situational Eight” DIAMONDS (Duty, Intellect, Adversity, Mating, pOsitivity, Negativity, Deception, Sociality). These dimensions have been captured with the 32-item RSQ-8. The current work optimizes the RSQ-8 to derive more economical yet informative and precise scales, captured in the newly developed S8*. Nomological associations of the original RSQ-8 and the S8* with situation cues (extracted from written situation descriptions) were compared. Application areas of the S8* are...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - March 2, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Rauthmann, John F.; Sherman, Ryne A. Source Type: research

Selecting the best items for a short-form of the Experiences in Close Relationships questionnaire.
Five studies were conducted to develop a short form of the Experiences in Close Relationships (ECR) questionnaire with optimal psychometric properties. Study 1 involved Item Response Theory (IRT) analyses of the responses of 2,066 adults, resulting in a 12-item form of the ECR containing the most discriminating items. The psychometric properties of the ECR-12 were further demonstrated in two longitudinal studies of community samples of couples (Studies 2 and 3), in a sample of individuals in same-sex relationships (Study 4), and with couples seeking therapy (Study 5). The psychometric properties of the ECR-12 are as good a...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - March 2, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lafontaine, Marie-France; Brassard, Audrey; Lussier, Yvan; Valois, Pierre; Shaver, Philip R.; Johnson, Susan M. Source Type: research

Measurement invariance of the Self-Description Questionnaire II in a Chinese sample.
Studies on the construct validity of the Self-Description Questionnaire II (SDQII) have not compared the factor structure between the English and Chinese versions of the SDQII. By using rigorous multiple group comparison procedures based upon confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of measurement invariance, the present study examined the responses of Australian high school students (N = 302) and Chinese high school students (N = 322) using the English and Chinese versions of the SDQII, respectively. CFA provided strong evidence that the factor structure (factor loading and item intercept) of the Chinese version of the SDQII in...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - March 2, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Leung, Kim Chau; Marsh, Herbert W.; Craven, Rhonda G.; Abduljabbar, Adel S. Source Type: research

The Utrecht-Management of Identity Commitments Scale (U-MICS): Measurement invariance and cross-national comparisons of youth from seven European countries.
This study examines psychometric properties of the U-MICS in a large adolescent sample from seven European countries focused on the interplay of commitment, in-depth exploration, and reconsideration of commitment. Participants were 1,007 adolescents from Bulgaria (n = 146), the Czech Republic (n = 142), Italy (n = 144), Kosovo (n = 150), Romania (n = 142), Slovenia (n = 156), and the Netherlands (n = 127). We tested the U-MICS measurement invariance, reliability estimates in each language version, and compared latent identity means across groups. Results showed that the U-MICS has good internal consistency as well as confi...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - March 2, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Dimitrova, Radosveta; Crocetti, Elisabetta; Buzea, Carmen; Jordanov, Venzislav; Kosic, Marianna; Tair, Ergyul; Taušová, Jitka; van Cittert, Natasja; Uka, Fitim Source Type: research

The Beck Hopelessness Scale: Specific factors of method effects?
The aim of the present study was to examine the construct and cross-cultural validity of the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS; Beck, Weissman, Lester, & Trexler, 1974). Beck et al. applied exploratory Principal Components Analysis and argued that the scale measured three specific components (affective, motivational, and cognitive). Subsequent studies identified one, two, three, or more factors, highlighting a lack of clarity regarding the scale’s construct validity. In a large clinical sample, we tested the original three-factor model and explored alternative models using both confirmatory and exploratory factor analytical t...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - March 2, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Szabó, Marianna; Mészáros, Veronika; Sallay, Judit; Ajtay, Gyöngyi; Boross, Viktor; Udvardy-Mészáros, Àgnes; Vizin, Gabriella; Perczel-Forintos, Dóra Source Type: research

The issue of fuzzy concepts in test construction and possible remedies.
This editorial introduces the current issue on the topic of fuzzy concepts in test construction. This issue focuses more specifically on a mixed methods approach in test construction. The quantitative aspects of testing a newly constructed assessment tool range prominently within this journal (Alonso-Arbiol & van de Vijver, 2010). However, some issues arising during the test development process cannot be dealt with using quantitative methods alone. Along with the coauthors of this editorial—experts in the application of a mixed methods approach in test construction—these issues are explored. (PsycINFO Database Record (...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - February 9, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias; Kemper, Christoph J.; Lenzner, Timo Source Type: research

The answer is blowing in the wind: Weather effects on personality ratings.
This study examined the effects of weather on personality self-ratings. Single-assessment data were derived from the German General Social Survey conducted in 2008. For a subset of the participants (N = 478), official weather station data for the day a personality inventory was completed could be determined. Among these respondents, 140 (29%) completed the personality inventory on an unambiguously sunny day, 59 (12%) completed the measure on an unambiguously rainy day, and 279 (59%) completed the questionnaire on a day characterized by mixed weather conditions. Results revealed that self-ratings for some personality domain...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - December 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Rammstedt, Beatrice; Mutz, Michael; Farmer, Richard F. Source Type: research

Experience and diagnostic anchors in referral letters.
In conclusion, the diagnosis in a referral letter influences the diagnostic decision made by moderately experienced clinicians. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - December 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Spaanjaars, Nanon L.; Groenier, Marleen; van de Ven, Monique O. M.; Witteman, Cilia L. M. Source Type: research

Brief form of the Interpersonal Competence Questionnaire (ICQ-15): Development and preliminary validation with a German population sample.
The Interpersonal Competence Questionnaire (ICQ) developed by Buhrmester and colleagues (1988) in the US assesses the multidimensional construct of social competence via five distinct, but related subscales. Two versions comprising 40 and 30 items, respectively, are available in German. The purpose of the current study is to develop and validate a brief version of the ICQ among a large adult sample that is representative of the German general population. Data were collected from 2,009 participants. Three confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) were conducted in order to develop and validate the ICQ-15. Cronbach’s alpha coeffi...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - December 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Coroiu, Adina; Meyer, Alexandra; Gomez-Garibello, Carlos A.; Brähler, Elmar; Hessel, Aike; Körner, Annett Source Type: research

The Dutch Symptom Checklist-90-Revised: Is the use of the subscales justified?
In this study, we evaluated to what extent the scale scores of the Dutch SCL-90-R reflect general and/or specific aspects of psychological distress in a psychiatric outpatients sample (N = 1,842), using a hierarchical factor model. The results revealed that the total scale score measures general psychological distress, with high reliability. The subscale scores Sleep Difficulties, Agoraphobia, Hostility, and Somatization reflect the specific primary symptoms reasonably well, with high reliability. The subscale score Depression hardly measures specific symptoms of distress, but instead a very common construct as is measured...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - December 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Smits, Iris A. M.; Timmerman, Marieke E.; Barelds, Dick P. H.; Meijer, Rob R. Source Type: research

How test takers see test examiners: How they are perceived and who is preferred.
We addressed potential test takers’ preferences for women or men as examiners as well as how examiners were perceived depending on their gender. We employed an online design with 375 students who provided preferences for and ratings of examiners based on short video clips. The clips showed four out of 15 psychologists who differed in age (young vs. middle-aged) and gender giving an introduction to a fictional intelligence test session. Employing multivariate multilevel analyses we found female examiners to be perceived as more social competent and middle-aged examiners being perceived as more competent. Data analyses rev...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - December 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Vormittag, Isabella; Ortner, Tuulia M.; Koch, Tobias Source Type: research

Factor structure of the Ruminative Responses Scale: A community-sample study.
The 10-item Ruminative Responses Scale is used to measure two facets of rumination: brooding and reflection. These subscales are used to seek differential correlations with other variables of interest (e.g., depression). The validity of these facets, however, is questionable because brooding and reflection were distinguished based on factor analyses, but subsequent analyses have been inconsistent. We investigated these facets using factor analyses in a large community-based sample (N = 625). Other measures of rumination and depression were used as criteria for validity analyses. Only the brooding items formed a robust scal...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - December 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Griffith, James W.; Raes, Filip Source Type: research

Detection of differential item functioning in the Cornell Critical Thinking Test between Turkish and United States students.
This study examined the CCTT Turkish version. Specifically, translated items were examined for measurement equivalence by determining if items function differently across students from United States and Turkey. Differential Item Functioning (DIF) analysis via logistic regression was employed. Results demonstrated that each subtest contained DIF items and 10% of the items in the instrument were identified as DIF. Mean differences between students in each country were not influenced by these items. A critical content review of the translated item gave insight as to why items may be functioning differently. (PsycINFO Database...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - December 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sahin, Hafize; French, Brian F.; Hand, Brian; Gunel, Murat Source Type: research