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A test is much more than just the test itself: Some thoughts on adaptation and equivalence.
This editorial is written in the light of the often insufficiently covered topics of adaptation and equivalence. It champions the need to be more inclusive in reports of research on psychological assessment instruments, with aspects related to the adaptation process (both the development/ adaptation and the actual testing process) and not only with regard to the actual outcome of the adaptation (the final adapted test). This request for more information conflicts with the natural limitations of journal space (which is rather strict in the European Journal of Psychological Assessment). An excellent opportunity to be more in...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 20, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How to make sure your paper is desk rejected: A practical guide to rejection in < em > EJPA < /em > .
In this editorial, the authors note that, given the distinct advantages of submitted papers receiving desk rejections, they were surprised to find so much work focusing on how to avoid desk rejections, but absolutely nothing when they searched for guidelines on how to ensure that a paper is desk rejected. Thus, the authors' aim is to fill this gap and to provide other authors who aim to achieve desk rejections with some guidelines and practical advice on how to maximize their chances of actually receiving a desk rejection from the European Journal of Psychological Assessment. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rig...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 17, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Greiff, Samuel; Ziegler, Matthias Source Type: research

The field of psychological assessment: Where it stands and where it ’s going – a personal analysis of foci, gaps, and implications for < em > EJPA < /em > .
In this editorial, the new editor of the European Journal of Psychological Assessment (EJPA) addresses several questions. Which articles will be interesting to the community and to the journal, and which will not? Where do potential gaps in the field of assessment exist, and how can these gaps be filled? To obtain a broad overview, he ran a crude and, thus, admittedly, not very comprehensive search in the Web of Science by combining the search terms psychological and assessment with various other search terms. In looking at the numbers, there were two main messages he took from them. First, the field of psychological asses...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - February 22, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Greiff, Samuel Source Type: research

A look back and a glimpse forward: A personal exchange between the current and the incoming Editor-in-Chief of < em > EJPA < /em > .
This article presents an exchange between the current and the incoming Editor-in-Chief of European Journal of Psychological Assessment (EJPA). This occurred during one of their meetings in which they discussed the EJPA and matters of assessment in general over a hot cup of coffee. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - November 30, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias; Greiff, Samuel Source Type: research

Current challenges, new developments, and future directions in scale construction.
The aim of this editorial is to describe challenges and new developments in scale construction and discuss how they can facilitate the quality of measurement instruments. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - September 21, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Danner, Daniel; Blasius, J örg; Breyer, Bianka; Eifler, Stefanie; Menold, Natalja; Paulhus, Delroy L.; Rammstedt, Beatrice; Roberts, Richard D.; Schmitt, Manfred; Ziegler, Matthias Source Type: research

50 facets of a trait —50 ways to mess up?
The idea of multifaceted personality traits has inspired the construction of many personality questionnaires. Empirical evidence supports the utility of these facets in many cases. Still, doubts remain, especially regarding other aspects such as reliability and construct validity. This editorial is meant to provide a different look onto the concept of facets. Moreover problems, which should be addressed when proposing a facetted measure, are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 12, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias; B äckström, Martin Source Type: research

50 facets of a trait—50 ways to mess up?
The idea of multifaceted personality traits has inspired the construction of many personality questionnaires. Empirical evidence supports the utility of these facets in many cases. Still, doubts remain, especially regarding other aspects such as reliability and construct validity. This editorial is meant to provide a different look onto the concept of facets. Moreover problems, which should be addressed when proposing a facetted measure, are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 12, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias; Bäckström, Martin Source Type: research

The role of personality in predicting (change in) students’ academic success across four years of secondary school.
Little longitudinal research has addressed the question of whether the Big Five personality traits (i.e., O, C, E, A, N) predict educational outcomes and whether the Big Five provide incremental predictive validity for educational outcomes when prior achievement, intelligence, and academic self-concept are controlled for. Also, little is known about whether noncognitive factors are related to change in academic success, especially grades, after controlling for its stability. To address these research questions, we used data from the Luxembourg longitudinal extension of the 2009 cycle of the Program for International Studen...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Spengler, Marion; Brunner, Martin; Martin, Romain; Lüdtke, Oliver Source Type: research

The role of noncognitive factors in predicting academic trajectories of high school students in a selective private school.
In this study, surveys of self-efficacy, locus of control, and intrinsic motivation were administered to 8,586 applicants to a prestigious private college-preparatory high school during the admissions process; simultaneously, standardized test scores (SSAT) were obtained. Enrolled and nonenrolled students were compared on prior academic performance and noncognitive measures. Further, noncognitive variables and trajectories of GPA (grade point averages) across 4 years (12 time points) were explored among the enrolled students (n = 818). The enrolled students, compared to the nonenrolled, showed advantageous scores on all me...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mourgues, Catalina V.; Hein, Sascha; Tan, Mei; Diffley III, Ray; Grigorenko, Elena L. Source Type: research

Effects of psychosocial characteristics of middle school students on high school grades and on-time graduation.
We report on a longitudinal study of middle school students followed through high school completion. We found that high school GPA mediates the effects of prior academic achievement, demographics, and most PSFs on on-time high school graduation. A measure of self-regulation had a significant direct effect on on-time graduation. The results underscore the importance of PSFs in predicting academic outcomes, even after accounting for prior achievement and demographics. Implications of examining PSFs early in students’ academic progression are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved) (Sourc...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Moore, Joann L.; Way, Jason D.; Casillas, Alex; Burrus, Jeremy; Allen, Jeff; Hanson, Mary Ann Source Type: research

Sense of belonging to school in 15-year-old students: The role of parental education and students’ attitudes toward school.
Worldwide, students’ health and subjective well-being increasingly are regarded as important. One central noncognitive aspect that threatens students’ well-being and that is related to students’ socioeconomic background is whether they feel they belong to their social context (e.g., school) or instead feel socially ostracized. The present study investigated the relation between parents’ education and students’ sense of belonging to school and the role of students’ and parents’ attitudes toward school as mediators across different countries. The results indicate that students whose ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Marksteiner, Tamara; Kruger, Susanne Source Type: research

Measurement equivalence of the PALS academic self-efficacy scale.
There is consistent evidence of the importance of academic self-efficacy beliefs within educational research, as they are linked to critical academic outcomes. Ethnic and gender differences in academic self-efficacy have been found in nations outside of the United States, suggesting differences in how individual students perceive their academic abilities. However, if researchers are interested in making mean-level comparisons of academic self-efficacy across diverse subpopulations of students, it is imperative to assess the measurement equivalence of the scale used across these subgroups prior to drawing any conclusions ba...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Dever, Bridget V.; Kim, Samuel Y. Source Type: research

Assessing collaborative behavior in students: An experiment-based assessment approach.
In this study, we developed a computer-assisted assessment for collaborative behavior (COLBAS) following the experiment-based assessment of behavior approach (objective personality tests; Cattell, 1958). The instrument captures participants’ collaborative behavior in problem-solving tasks using the MicroDYN approach while participants work collaboratively with a computer-agent. COLBAS can thereby assess problem-solving and collaborative behavior expressed through communication acts. To investigate its validity, we administered COLBAS to 483 German seventh graders along with MicroDYN as a measure of individual problem...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Krkovic, Katarina; Wüstenberg, Sascha; Greiff, Samuel Source Type: research

Anchoring vignettes: Can they make adolescent self-reports of social-emotional skills more reliable, discriminant, and criterion-valid?
Individuals differ in the way they use rating scales to describe themselves, and these differences are particularly pronounced in children and early adolescents. One promising remedy is to correct (or “anchor”) an individual’s responses according to the way they use the scale when they rate an anchoring vignette (a set of hypothetical targets differing on the attribute of interest). Studying adolescents’ self-reports of their socio-emotional attributes, we compared traditional self-report scores with vignette-corrected scores in terms of reliability (internal consistency), discriminant validity (sca...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Primi, Ricardo; Zanon, Cristian; Santos, Daniel; De Fruyt, Filip; John, Oliver P. Source Type: research

The multiple faces of risk-taking: Scoring alternatives for the balloon-analogue risk task.
The Balloon-Analogue Risk Task (BART; Lejuez et al., 2002) is one of the most popular behavioral tasks suggested to assess risk-taking in the laboratory. Previous research has shown that the conventionally computed score is predictive, but neglects available information in the data. We suggest a number of alternative scores that are motivated by theories of risk-taking and that exploit more of the available data. These scores can be grouped around (1) risk-taking, (2) task performance, (3) impulsive decision making, and (4) reinforcement sequence modulation. Their theoretical rationale is detailed and their validity is tes...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Schmitz, Florian; Manske, Karsten; Preckel, Franzis; Wilhelm, Oliver Source Type: research

Development of an inventory assessing social and emotional skills in Brazilian youth.
Discussion focuses on the contribution to socio-emotional research in education and its measurement as well as on limitations and suggestions for future research. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Primi, Ricardo; Santos, Daniel; John, Oliver P.; Fruyt, Filip De Source Type: research

Noncognitive assessment in K12 education: New constructs and approaches for the twenty-first century.
This special issue on noncognitive assessment in K12 education represents a call for evidence-centered accounts of the interface among personality assessment, educational applications, and policy-making that are based on decent sample sizes, best practices, and emerging (or sometimes re-emergent) theory. We delimited this further by focusing on K12 education (i.e., school-aged children and adolescents, ranging from kindergarten to the last year of high school), across theory, applications, and policy. Table l provides key features of accepted articles that went through a rigorous review process (many thanks also to readers...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Petway, Kevin; Allen, Veleka; Roberts, Richard D. Source Type: research

"Diagnostic concordance between categorical and dimensional instruments to assess personality disorder in chronic fatigue sydrome": Correction to Calvo et al., 2015.
Reports an error in "Diagnostic Concordance Between Categorical and Dimensional Instruments to Assess Personality Disorder in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: PDQ-4+ and TCI-R" by Natalia Calvo, Naia Sáez-Francàs, Sergi Valero, Jesús Castro-Marrero, José Alegre Martín and Miquel Casas (European Journal of Psychological Assessment, Advanced Online Publication, Aug 28, 2015, np). The correct author affiliations are present in the erratum. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2015-42715-001.) Abstract. The study examines the relationship between a categorical...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - January 14, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: No authorship indicated Source Type: research

Testing the unidimensionality of items: Pitfalls and loopholes.
Constructing a test, an interview, or a behavior observation often aims at deriving scores that are interpreted as manifestations of a trait. In order to test whether such an interpretation is feasible, different psychometric criteria have been suggested. Within this editorial we want to put the spotlight onto an often neglected aspect, relevant to the interpretation of test scores—the dimensionality of the underlying items. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - January 14, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias; Hagemann, Dirk Source Type: research

Measurement of psychological entitlement in 28 countries.
This article presents the cross-cultural validation of the Entitlement Attitudes Questionnaire, a tool designed to measure three facets of psychological entitlement: active, passive, and revenge entitlement. Active entitlement was defined as the tendency to protect individual rights based on self-worthiness. Passive entitlement was defined as the belief in obligations to and expectations toward other people and institutions for the fulfillment of the individual’s needs. Revenge entitlement was defined as the tendency to protect one’s individual rights when violated by others and the tendency to reciprocate insu...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - December 7, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Approach and avoidance temperament: An examination of its construct and predictive validity at work.
In four studies, we investigated the factorial structure and the construct and predictive validity of the approach-avoidance temperament questionnaire (ATQ; Elliot & Thrash, 2010) for attitudes and behavior at work. In Study 1 (N = 395 university students), we showed that a Dutch translation of the ATQ can be best described by a two-factorial structure. In Study 2 (N = 295 senior-year students), we documented approach and avoidance temperament as predictor of students’ career adaptability and engagement. In Study 3 (N = 103 employees), we demonstrated that approach and avoidance temperament have incremental predi...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - December 7, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Confirmatory factor analysis of the Gotland Male Depression Scale in an Australian community sample.
The Gotland Male Depression Scale (GMDS) was developed to improve the assessment and identification of depression in men by assessing symptoms that fall outside DSM-V/ICD-10 diagnostic criteria for depression. However, research findings from the GMDS have been markedly discrepant. Attempts to validate the latent GMDS factor structure using exploratory factor analysis (EFA) have yielded inconsistent results, bringing the validity and public health utility of the scale into question. The current study used confirmatory factor analysis to test the construct validity of five competing latent factor models identified from prior...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - December 7, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

New evidence on the construct validity of the ASI-3 and the dimensional conceptualization of trait anxiety sensitivity from IRT modeling.
Anxiety Sensitivity (AS) denotes the tendency to fear anxiety-related sensations. Trait AS is an established risk factor for anxiety pathology. The Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3 (ASI-3) is a widely used measure of AS and its three most robust dimensions with well-established construct validity. At present, the dimensional conceptualization of AS, and thus, the construct validity of the ASI-3 is challenged. A latent class structure with two distinct and qualitatively different forms, an adaptive form (normative AS) and a maladaptive form (AS taxon, predisposing for anxiety pathology) was postulated. Item Response Theory (IRT)...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - September 21, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The psychometric properties of a brief version of the Systemizing Quotient.
This study assessed factorial and construct validity of an 8-item version of the SQ on a sample of 627 participants. A single-factor latent variable model with a single correlated error term showed adequate fit in a confirmatory factor analysis. This model also demonstrated metric invariance across genders when controlling for an effect of age on item responses. Reliability was acceptable, α = .72. As further evidence for construct validity, SQ scores showed expected relationships with mental rotation performance, trait anxiety, childhood extroversion, childhood agreeableness, and gender. Overall, the results indicat...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - September 21, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Screening for personality disorders in outpatient substance use disorder patients.
The current study evaluates the psychometric properties of both the Standardized Assessment of Personality – Abbreviated Scale (SAPAS) and the Structured Interview for DSM-IV Personality Disorders (SIDP-IV) screener. One hundred two participants were interviewed with the SIDP-IV and the SAPAS. The SIDP-IV was used as the standard to identify PD; the SAPAS and the SIDP-IV screener were compared to the SIDP-IV in terms of sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive power, and overall efficiency. ROC analyses were used to identify ideal cut-off scores. The data showed that both the SAPAS and the SIDP-IV s...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - September 21, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Diagnostic concordance between categorical and dimensional instruments to assess personality disorder in chronic fatigue syndrome: PDQ-4+ and TCI-R.
The study examines the relationship between a categorical and a dimensional personality assessment instrument in patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). A total of 162 CFS patients were included in the study (91.4% women; mean age 47.5 years). All subjects completed the Spanish versions of the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4+ (PDQ-4+) and the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R). Results: 78 (48.1%) of the patients presented a Personality Disorder (PD), the most frequent being Cluster C, specifically Obsessive-compulsive disorder, followed by Avoidant disorder. PDs showed a specific pattern of c...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - September 21, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The validity of the short UK Health and Safety Executive Stress Indicator Tool for the assessment of the psychosocial work environment in Italy.
The Health and Safety Executive Stress Indicator Tool (SIT) is a 35-item questionnaire to assess exposure to seven common psychosocial factors involved in the genesis of work-related stress. Recent work conducted in the UK has provided evidence that the SIT may be reduced to a 25-item questionnaire (the SIT-25) showing the same seven-factor model and criterion-related validity of the SIT. The SIT is the most widely used tool to assess work-related stress factors in Italy, with benchmark (normative) data managed by the Italian Workers’ Compensation Authority. Thus, we conducted two studies to further test whether in I...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - September 21, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Comparison of three questionnaires to screen for borderline personality disorder in adolescents and young adults.
The objective of current study was to assess three questionnaires that can reliably screen for BPD in adolescents and young adults (N = 53): the McLean Screening Instrument for BPD (MSI-BPD; Zanarini et al., 2003), the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire 4th edition – BPD scale (PDQ-4 BPD; Hyler, 1994), and the SCID-II Patient Questionnaire – BPD scale (SCID-II-PQ BPD). The nine criteria of BPD according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV (DSM-IV; APA, 1994) were measured with the Structural Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II disorders – BPD scale (SCID-II; First, Spitzer,...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - September 21, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: van Alebeek, Anne; van der Heijden, Paul T.; Hessels, Christel; Thong, Melissa S. Y.; van Aken, Marcel Source Type: research

“F*** you, I won’t do what you told me!”—Response biases as threats to psychological assessment.
An overwhelming number of papers in the European Journal of Psychological Assessment focus on what Cattell (1958) called Q-data. More specifically, Cattell described three methods to assess personality: L-, T-, and Q-data. Regarding Q-data he wrote, "Observations of personality which come to the psychologist in terms of introspective, verbal, self-record and self-evaluation...." Ever since questionnaire data have been used, there has been a seemingly never-ending discussion regarding their shortcomings. There is ample empirical evidence that Q-data are valid predictors of human behavior in such diverse areas as s...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - August 10, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias Source Type: research

The Young Schema Questionnaire 3 Short Form (YSQ-S3): Psychometric properties and association with personality disorders in a Danish mixed sample.
Early Maladaptive Schemas, as measured with the Young Schema Questionnaire (YSQ), are proposed to underlie a variety of mental health problems, in particular Personality Disorders. The latest short version of the instrument measuring all 18 schemas, the YSQ-S3, has only been examined to a limited extent, and its associations with Personality Disorders have not yet been tested in a psychiatric setting. We investigated psychometric properties of the Danish YSQ-S3 including its associations with Personality Disorders. A mixed Danish sample of clinical and nonclinical participants (N = 567) completed the YSQ-S3, whereas a clin...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 6, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Bach, Bo; Simonsen, Erik; Christoffersen, Peter; Kriston, Levente Source Type: research

The Big Five Questionnaire for Children (BFQ-C): Factorial invariance across sex and age in a Greek sample of preadolescents.
The purpose of the present study was to examine measurement invariance of the Greek translation of the Big Five Questionnaire for Children (BFQ-C) across different sex and age groups using multigroup confirmatory factor analysis with a sample of 1,103 Greek preadolescents. Results supported measurement invariance across sex. Evidence of configural and metric, but not scalar or strict invariance, was found across age. Implications for personality assessment with the Greek BFQ-C scale are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 6, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kokkinos, Constantinos M.; Markos, Angelos Source Type: research

Factorial validity of the General Health Questionnaire 12 in an Angolan sample.
Most evidence available has found multidimensional solutions for the General Health Questionnaire ’s (GHQ12) structure, contrary to the authors’ original one-factor solution. Recently, the study of method effects associated to negatively worded items has been included in the study of GHQ12’s factor structure, and the most common conclusion has been that the best-fitting structure is a sing le factor confounded by response bias. Current study analyzes the factor structure of the Portuguese version of the GHQ12. The sample consisted of 1,332 young Angolan adults. Previously-reported structures, including on...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 6, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tom ás, José M.; Gutiérrez, Melchor; Sancho, Patricia Source Type: research

Proposal for a version of MWMS across Mediterranean countries: A validation study in Greece, Italy, and Spain.
Self-determination theory introduces a multidimensional view of motivation and explains how the different types of motivation can be promoted or hindered. Following Gagn é et al. (2014), the purpose of this study was to create an abbreviated version of the Multidimensional Work Motivation Scale (MWMS) and to study the psychometric properties of the instrument using data from 1,035 workers from three Mediterranean countries (Greece, Italy, and Spain). Factorial anal yses indicated that the 18-item scale has the same factor structure across the three Mediterranean languages, reflecting common cultural idiosyncrasies a...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 6, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Battistelli, Adalgisa; Galletta, Maura; Odoardi, Carlo; N úñez, Juan; Ntalianis, Filotheos Source Type: research

Factor structure and measurement invariance of the Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory —Child Version (OCI-CV) in general population.
The objective of this study was to examine the factor structure and invariance of the OCI-CV in the general population. Results showed a six-factor structure with one second-order factor, good consistency values, and invariance across region, age, and sex. The OCI-CV is an excellent inventory for assessing the dimensions of OCD symptomatology in general populations of children and adolescents. The invariance across sex and age warrants its utilization for research purposes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 6, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Rodr íguez-Jiménez, Tíscar; Godoy, Antonio; Piqueras, José A.; Gavino, Aurora; Martínez-González, Agustín E.; Foa, Edna B. Source Type: research

Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) goes to jail: Capturing daily antisocial behavior in its context, a feasibility and reliability study in incarcerated juvenile offenders.
This study evaluated the feasibility and reliability of EMA in IJO. One hundred three antisocial adolescents (mean age 14.8, 78% boys, including 52 IJO and 51 institutionalized antisocial adolescents, IAA) answered four times a day during 8 days questions about their antisocial behavior, negative affect, impulsivity, and fear of punishment, on a handheld computer. Staff members also regularly reported on each participant ’s antisocial behavior. This first application of EMA in IJO overall supported its feasibility, with an excellent participation rate (95%) and a good compliance in completers (84%). About one-third o...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 6, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Pihet, Sandrine; De Ridder, Jill; Suter, Maya Source Type: research

Development and validation of a scale to measure academic resilience in mathematics.
This study supports the inference that individual perceptions of academic resilience can be measured in a meaningful way. The ARM scale holds promise as a tool for examining academic resilience in future research. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 6, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ricketts, Shanna N.; Engelhard Jr., George; Chang, Mei-Lin Source Type: research

Exploring occasion specificity in the assessment of DSM-5 maladaptive personality traits: A latent state-trait analysis.
The alternative classification system for personality disorders in DSM-5 features a hierarchical model of maladaptive personality traits. This trait model comprises five broad trait domains and 25 specific trait facets that can be reliably assessed using the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5). Although there is a steadily growing literature on the validity of the PID-5, issues of temporal stability and situational influences on test scores are currently unexplored. We addressed these issues using a sample of 611 research participants who completed the PID-5 three times, with time intervals of 2 months. Latent state-tr...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 5, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Zimmermann, Johannes; Mayer, Axel; Leising, Daniel; Krieger, Tobias; grosse Holtforth, Martin; Pretsch, Johanna Source Type: research

Inconsistency index for the Zuckerman-Kuhlman-Aluja Personality Questionnaire (ZKA-PQ).
The purpose of this study is the development of an index to assess inconsistency in the answers of Zuckerman-Kuhlman-Aluja Personality Questionnaire (ZKA-PQ) in order to identify and discard inconsistent subjects in applied psychology, as clinical, forensics, or personnel selection. The procedure consists in the use of 10 pairs of highly correlated items in a wide sample of voluntary and anonymous subjects of both sexes (n = 5.644). We inserted random cases to the original data in order to obtain simulated scores of inconsistency and we established a cut-off criterion to discriminate between consistent and inconsistent sub...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 5, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Aluja, Anton; Blanch, Angel; Mart í-Guiu, Maite; Blanco, Eduardo Source Type: research

The lack of cross-national equivalence of a Therapist Adherence Measure (TAM-R) in multisystemic therapy (MST).
This two-study report investigates the equivalence of the Dutch Therapist Adherence Measure Revised (TAM-R) to the US original. The TAM-R is a questionnaire measuring therapist adherence to the treatment model of Multisystemic Therapy (MST). Monitoring of therapist adherence is essential for evidence-based interventions to ensure the quality of the delivered treatment. International implementation of the TAM-R assumes cross-national equivalence, even though this assumption has never been investigated. In study 1 Rasch analysis was applied to 1,875 Dutch TAM-R reports and the response category frequency distributions of the...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 5, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lange, Aurelie M. C.; Scholte, Ron H. J.; van Geffen, Wim; Timman, Reinier; Busschbach, Jan J. V.; van der Rijken, Rachel E. A. Source Type: research

Incremental validity of the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire-Adolescent Short Form (TEIQue-ASF).
This study examined the incremental validity of the adolescent short form of the Trait Emotional Questionnaire (TEIQue-ASF) in two European secondary-school samples. The TEIQue-ASF was administered as a predictor of socioemotional or academic achievement criteria, along with measures of coping strategies or cognitive ability, respectively. In Dutch high school students (N = 282), the TEIQue-ASF explained variance in all socioemotional criteria, controlling for coping strategies and demographics. In a sample of British preadolescents, the measure showed incremental contributions to academic achievement in the core areas (En...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 28, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Siegling, Alex B.; Vesely, Ashley K.; Saklofske, Donald H.; Frederickson, Norah; Petrides, K. V. Source Type: research

Assessing perceived ability to cope with trauma: A multigroup validity study of a 7-item Coping Self-Efficacy Scale.
Aim of the present study was to examine the construct validity of the trauma-related coping self-efficacy (CSE) scale. While assessing the psychometric properties of this 20-item scale among four different samples (514 victims of disaster, 1325 bereaved individuals, 512 victims of acute critical incidents, 169 severe burn victims), we found no measurement equivalence across groups. A shortened version was composed using only those items that were applicable to all types of potentially traumatic events (PTEs). In contrast to the CSE-20, the CSE-7 has a robust factor structure; factor structure and factor loadings were simil...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 28, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Bosmans, Mark W. G.; Komproe, Ivan H.; van Loey, Nancy E.; van der Knaap, Leontien M.; Benight, Charles C.; van der Velden, Peter G. Source Type: research

Anxiety sensitivity or interoceptive sensitivity: An analysis of feared bodily sensations.
The construct of anxiety sensitivity (AS) – the fear of anxiety-related symptoms – has been highly influential in current conceptualizations of anxiety disorders in general, and panic disorder specifically. However, given documented associations between AS and both non-anxiety psychological disorders as well as medical/health conditions , the extent to which measures of AS are assessing a specific fear or anxiety symptoms versus a broader fear of interoceptive or bodily sensations is unclear. Confirmatory factor analysis of data from 373 participants failed to suggest whether fears of anxiety-related symptoms w...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 28, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Norton, Peter J.; Sears Edwards, Katharine Source Type: research

Impact of differential-item-functioning on the personal epistemological beliefs for senior high school students.
The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the expression of items used to examine personal epistemological beliefs could affect the probabilities of response for compared groups and research outcomes. Differential-item-functioning (DIF) analysis on school types and location of school according to the Rasch model was performed in this study. Nonacademically inclined school students (n = 212) and academically inclined school students (n = 197) were selected to complete the questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of three dimensions of beliefs about knowing and two dimensions of beliefs about learning. The result...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 28, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Syu, Jia-Jia; Zhang, Liang-Cheng Source Type: research

Mindful attention awareness in Spanish palliative care professionals: Psychometric study with IRT and CFA models.
This study aims to offer new evidence on the dimensionality and reliability of the MAAS, handling both SEM and IRT procedures, in palliative professionals. The sample was composed of 385 professionals from a national online survey. First, two Confirmatory Factor Analyses (CFAs) were specified, estimated, and tested, with one- and two-factor structures, respectively. Second, the Graded Response Model (GRM) was used and accuracy of the MAAS using information functions was estimated. Results showed appropriate fit for the two CFA models. As the correlation between the two factors in the two-factor model was extremely high and...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 28, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Galiana, Laura; Oliver, Amparo; Sans ó, Noemí; Dolores Sancerni, M.; Tomás, José M. Source Type: research

Testing the incremental value of a separate measure for secure attachment relative to a measure for attachment anxiety and avoidance: A study in middle childhood and early adolescence.
This study addressed the question whether there is a need to add an explicit measure of security when operationalizing parent-child attachment in terms of anxiety and avoidance. Both dimensional (i.e., regression analyses) and person-centered analyses (i.e., cluster analysis) are used in this study (N = 276, 53% boys, mean age = 10.66) to examine the incremental value of a scale for attachment security (in this study, the Security Scale) in addition to a scale for attachment anxiety and avoidance (in this study, the Experiences in Close Relationships Scale-Revised – Child version; ECR-RC). The present results suggest...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 28, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Brenning, Katrijn; Soenens, Bart; Braet, Caroline Source Type: research

Sociodemographic effects on the test-retest reliability of the Big Five Inventory.
Psychometric properties of self-report scales can be affected by sociodemographic differences among respondents. For example, factor structures of established personality scales tend to be distorted in samples with less formal education. Whether test-retest reliabilities are comparably affected is of yet not well known. Therefore, this study examined the measurement precision of a short Big Five instrument in a diverse sample of the German population. A sample of 1,696 (50% women) participants reported on their personality twice within an interval of 10 weeks. The median test-retest reliability for the five traits, rtt = ....
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 28, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gnambs, Timo Source Type: research

The prediction of problem-solving assessed via microworlds: A study on the relative relevance of fluid reasoning and working memory.
In this study, we explored the network of relations between fluid reasoning, working memory, and the two dimensions of complex problem solving, rule knowledge and rule application. In doing so, we replicated the recent study by B ühner, Kröner, and Ziegler (2008) and the structural relations investigated therein [Bühner, Kröner,& Ziegler, (2008). Working memory, visual-spatial intelligence and their relationship to problem-solving. Intelligence, 36, 672 –680]. However, in the present study, we used different assessment instruments by employing assessments of figural, numerical, and verbal flui...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 28, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Greiff, Samuel; Krkovic, Katarina; Hautam äki, Jarkko Source Type: research

Comparing the Mathematics Continuous Performance Test with other measures of tests of attention.
Several studies have shown that Continuous Performance Tests (CPT) can diagnose Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) better than other tests. Research reporting comparisons of two or more CPT-type tests is scarce. The purpose of the study was to compare the Mathematics Continuous Performance Test (MATH-CPT) with another CPT-type test (CPT II) and a questionnaire (the Brown Scale). The comparison was carried out by looking at correlations among subscales and checking the precision of detecting ADHD. Ninety-five high school and college students participated in the study, 41 with ADHD were the research group and 54...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 28, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lufi, Dubi; Pan, Shachar Source Type: research

Development of a short form of the Personality Styles and Disorder Inventory (PSDI-6): Initial validation in a sample of pregnant women.
The original Personality Styles and Disorder Inventory (PSDI) consists of 140 items capturing the non-pathological equivalents of 14 personality disorders (PDs) listed in DSM-III-R, DSM-IV-TR, and ICD-10. Because the DSM-5 proposes only six PDs in its research section and completing the PSDI is very time-consuming, a questionnaire capturing these six PDs with a smaller number of items would be desirable. Therefore, the short version PSDI-6 measuring each of the six PDs with six items was developed. Methods: Items were selected by means of exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), using a calibration sample of non...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 28, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hain, Sarah; Schermelleh-Engel, Karin; Freitag, Christine; Louwen, Frank; Oddo, Silvia Source Type: research

Correction to Coroiu et al., 2014.
Reports an error in "Brief Form of the Interpersonal Competence Questionnaire (ICQ-15): Development and Preliminary Validation With a German Population Sample" by Adina Coroiu, Alexandra Meyer, Carlos A. Gomez-Garibello, Elmar Brähler, Aike Hessel and Annett Körner (European Journal of Psychological Assessment, Advanced Online Publication, Dec 10, 2014, np). The article contained an error on the title page. The list of authors and their affiliations are present in the erratum. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2014-55403-001.) The Interpersonal Competence Questionnaire (...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 8, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: No authorship indicated Source Type: research