Rotations abroad: Professional enrichment guaranteed.
PMID: 32718471 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - July 24, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Morandeira Arrizabalaga C Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Usefulness of ultrasound-guided core biopsy in thyroid nodules with inconclusive fine-needle aspiration biopsy findings.
CONCLUSIONS: Core-needle biopsy of thyroid nodules is effective because it diagnoses more than 90% of nodules with inconclusive findings after fine-needle aspiration biopsy. It is safe if done by experienced professionals. It is reliable because it yields 100% specificity and 100% PPV for malignant nodule, 97.5% sensitivity for the detection of nodules that require surgery, and 98.6% NPV for benign nodules. It is efficient because it reduces the costs of diagnosis compared to lobectomy in benign nodules. PMID: 32718472 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - July 24, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Cortázar-García R, Martín-Escalante MD, Robles-Cabeza L, Martínez-Santos C Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Usefulness of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging in characterizing ovarian tumors classified as indeterminate at ultrasonography.
ada M Abstract OBJECTIVES: To determine whether there is a significant relationship between the shape of the time-intensity curve on dynamic gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of ovarian tumors classified as indeterminate at ultrasonography and the type of lesion (benign, borderline, or malignant) to enable an accurate presurgical diagnosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI to study 68 ovarian tumors that were classified as indeterminate at ultrasonography. We included only cases for which a definitive diagnosis (histologic diagnosis or ≥1 year stability on imag...
Source: Radiologia - July 7, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Amado Cabana S, Gallego Ojea JC, Félez Carballada M Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Angioplasty with a retrievable stent to treat vasospasm secondary to subarachnoid hemorrhage due to an aneurysm: a multicenter study of safety and efficacy.
CONCLUSION: Angioplasty with a retrievable stent is a safe and efficacious treatment for vasospasm secondary to SAH due to an aneurysm, improving CTT and stenosis. PMID: 32622517 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - July 1, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: López-Rueda A, Vargas A, Piñana C, Chirife Ó, Werner M, Aja L, Remollo S, Tomasello A Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Reinventing the radiological process: a real challenge!
rez S PMID: 32553463 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - June 15, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Pedraza Gutiérrez S Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Screening in patients with increased risk of breast cancer (part 2). Where are we now? Actual MRI screening controversies.
uiz A Abstract For women with a high risk of breast cancer, early detection plays an important role. Due to the high incidence of breast cancer, and at a younger age than in the general population, screening begins earlier, and there is considerable evidence that magnetic resonance is the most sensitive diagnostic tool, and the principal American and European guidelines agree on the recommendation to perform annual magnetic resonance (with supplemental annual mammography) as an optimal mode of screening. In addition to the absence of current consensus on which patients should be included in the recommendation for ...
Source: Radiologia - June 8, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Alonso Roca S, Delgado Laguna AB, Arantzeta Lexarreta J, Cajal Campo B, López Ruiz A Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Concordance of the ACR TI-RADS.
CONCLUSIONS: The ACR TI-RADS classification system is reproducible. PMID: 32522374 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - June 7, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: González Vásquez CM, Muñoz Durán JA, Isaza Zapata S, González Londoño JF, García Gómez V Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging myocardial perfusion reserve index in heart transplant patients.
o G, Bastarrika G Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare the myocardial perfusion reserve index (MPRI) measured during stress cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with regadenoson in patients with heart transplants versus in patients without heart transplants. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively compared 20 consecutive asymptomatic heart transplant patients without suspicion of microvascular disease who underwent stress cardiac MRI with regadenoson and coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) to rule out cardiac allograft vasculopathy versus 16 patients without transplants who underwent clinically indi...
Source: Radiologia - May 31, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Jiménez-Jaso JM, Ezponda A, Sáenz-Diez JM, Caballeros M, Rábago G, Bastarrika G Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Linear skull fracture in infants after mild traumatic brain injury: influence of computed tomography in management.
ro JC Abstract INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common reason for pediatric emergency room visits. Surgical intervention for mild TBI is rarely necessary in children aged
Source: Radiologia - May 31, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Montoya-Filardi A, Menor Serrano F, Llorens Salvador R, Veiga Canuto D, Aragó Domingo J, Jurado Portero JC Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Ileocolic intussusception: ultrasound-guided hydrostatic reduction with sedation and analgesia.
CONCLUSION: Ultrasound-guided hydrostatic reduction of ileocolic intussusception under sedoanalgesia is efficacious and safe. PMID: 32493653 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - May 31, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Caro-Domínguez P, Hernández-Herrera C, Le Cacheux-Morales C, Sánchez-Tatay V, Merchante-García E, Vizcaíno R, Fernández-Pineda I Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Interobserver and intraobserver variability in determining breast density according to the fifth edition of the BI-RADS ® Atlas.
CONCLUSION: Agreement on breast density within and between radiologists using the criteria established in the fifth edition of the BI-RADS® Atlas was between moderate and nearly perfect. The level of agreement between the specialists and the commercial software was moderate. PMID: 32493654 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - May 31, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Pesce K, Tajerian M, Chico MJ, Swiecicki MP, Boietti B, Frangella MJ, Benitez S Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Self-limiting sternal tumors of childhood (SELSTOC): a diagnostic challenge.
CONCLUSION: Radiologists and pediatricians must be aware of this entity and the different diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to rapidly growing sternal lesions in pediatric patients because recognizing SELSTOC can avoid unnecessary diagnostic tests and/or disproportionate therapeutic strategies. PMID: 32493655 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - May 31, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Alonso Sánchez J, Gallego Herrero C, García Prieto J, Cruz-Conde MC, Casado Pérez C, Rasero Ponferrada M, Coca Robinot D Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Radiology's and nuclear medicine's paths converge.
PMID: 32475611 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - May 28, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Pons F Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Ultrasound of the Gastrointestinal Tract.
acute;lez T PMID: 32466978 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - May 25, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Ripollés González T Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy after a computed tomography scan.
Rioja R, Diez J, Martín-Hervás C Abstract BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The term contrast-induced nephropathy is used to describe acute deterioration of renal function after the intravenous administration of iodinated contrast material. We aimed to estimate the incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy and to analyze the evolution of different biomarkers of renal function in patients who underwent computed tomography with intravenous contrast administration after premedication with oral hydration and N-acetylcysteine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective observational study included 112 patients with ...
Source: Radiologia - May 18, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Barrios López A, García Martínez F, Rodríguez JI, Montero-San-Martín B, Gómez Rioja R, Diez J, Martín-Hervás C Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Acute mesenteric ischemia: a review of the main imaging techniques and signs.
tilde;oz DI Abstract Acute mesenteric ischemia is an abdominal emergency because reduced blood flow to bowel loops rapidly leads to irreversible necrosis and death. This paper reviews the different conditions (arterial, venous, low-flow states) that can result in reduced blood flow to bowel loops. Since the clinical and laboratory findings are nonspecific, imaging tests play an important role in the diagnosis of mesenteric ischemia. Multidetector computed tomography is the first-choice technique for the initial workup in cases of suspected acute mesenteric ischemia because it can rule out other causes of acute abd...
Source: Radiologia - May 5, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Navas-Campo R, Moreno-Caballero L, Ezponda Casajús A, Muñoz DI Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Solitary pleural nodule: a late paradoxical reaction to antituberculosis treatment.
We present the case of a young woman with a history of previously treated pleural and pulmonary tuberculosis referred to our hospital for chest pain and a single pleural nodule seen on plain chest films and chest CT. Cultures of inflammatory-type material obtained by US-guided fine-needle biopsy of the pleural lesion were positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. The diagnosis was a paradoxical reaction to antituberculosis treatment; after 6 more months of treatment, the pleural lesion and chest pain disappeared. PMID: 32381376 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - May 4, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Varona Porres D, Pallisa E, Sánchez AL, Persiva Ó Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Coronavirus and Radiology. Considerations on the crisis.
PMID: 32317115 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - April 18, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Ros Mendoza LH Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Radiation dose during fluoroscopically guided central venous access device insertion: retrospective observational study.
CONCLUSION: The patient effective dose was estimated to be 0.1-0.22 mSv depending on the fluoroscopic pulse rate utilised during CVAD insertions. Additionally, The radiologist, nurse and radiographer whole body and lens exposure was estimated in a simulated setting. In all cases, there was a statistically significant dose reduction when the lower fluoroscopic pulse rate was used. Thus, where possible, consideration should be given to utilising a lower pulse rate during CVAD insertions to reduce the exposure to both staff and patients. PMID: 32279868 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - April 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Badawy MK, Witkowski CJ, Baldoni R, Carrion D, Yildirim E Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Uncommon complications of breast prostheses.
This article aims to review the main uncommon complications associated with breast implants and to describe and illustrate their findings in different imaging techniques. Proper management of these complications is important; this is especially true of late seroma and the diagnosis of breast implant-associated large cell anaplastic lymphoma for their repercussions. PMID: 32273126 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - April 6, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Sánchez Rubio N, Lannegrand Menéndez B, Duque Muñoz M, Montes Fernández M, Ciudad Fernández MJ Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

The challenges of radiology resident training in latin america What are the root causes? How we can help ?
ez FR PMID: 32245627 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - March 31, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Gutiérrez FR Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Aortoenteric fistulas: spectrum of MDCT findings.
This article reviews the types of aortoenteric fistulas and their clinical and pathophysiological correlation, as well as the diagnostic algorithm, illustrating the most characteristic findings on multidetector computed tomography. PMID: 32245628 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - March 31, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Nagrani Chellaram S, Martínez Chamorro E, Borruel Nacenta S, Ibáñez Sanz L, Alcalá-Galiano A Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Screening in patients with increased risk of breast cancer (part 1): pros and cons of MRI screening.
ño S Abstract Screening plays an important role in women with a high risk of breast cancer. Given this population's high incidence of breast cancer and younger age of onset compared to the general population, it is recommended that screening starts earlier. There is ample evidence that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the most sensitive diagnostic tool, and American and the European guidelines both recommend annual MRI screening (with supplementary annual mammography) as the optimum screening modality. Nevertheless, the current guidelines do not totally agree about the recommendations for MRI screening i...
Source: Radiologia - March 30, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Alonso Roca S, Delgado Laguna AB, Arantzeta Lexarreta J, Cajal Campo B, Santamaría Jareño S Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Usefulness of CT angiography for characterizing cerebral arteriovenous malformations presenting as hemorrhage: comparison with digital subtraction angiography.
CONCLUSION: CT angiography is highly sensitive in the characterization of cerebral AVMs measuring less than 3cm, of those located in eloquent areas, and of those with deep venous drainage; it is also highly sensitive in detecting aneurysms related with AVMs. However, CT angiography is less sensitive in detecting intranidal and flow aneurysms related with AVMs. PMID: 32178881 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - March 13, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Zwanzger C, López-Rueda A, Campodónico D, Rosati S, Blasco J, San Román L, Macho J Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Left ventricular pseudothrombus: multimodality imaging rules out a "ghost image" of a thrombus seen on cardiac computed tomography.
Left ventricular pseudothrombus: multimodality imaging rules out a "ghost image" of a thrombus seen on cardiac computed tomography. Radiologia. 2020 Mar 09;: Authors: Urmeneta Ulloa J, Álvarez Vázquez A, Martínez de Vega V, Cabrera JÁ Abstract Cardiac computed tomography showed a hypodense area in the apex of the left ventricle in a 57-year-old man with a history of anterior myocardial infarction three years earlier. To confirm or rule out a suspected thrombus, he underwent gadolinium-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, contrast-enhanced two-dimensional t...
Source: Radiologia - March 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Urmeneta Ulloa J, Álvarez Vázquez A, Martínez de Vega V, Cabrera JÁ Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Pediatric groin lesions: imaging findings.
CONCLUSIONS: Knowledge about conditions that can affect the groin in pediatric patients and the key imaging findings associated with them helps improve the diagnostic performance of ultrasound. PMID: 32165019 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - March 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Arango-Díaz A, Trujillo-Ariza MV, Liñares-Paz MM, Baleato-González S, García-Palacios M Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Gastrointestinal perforation caused by ingested fish bone. Computed tomography findings in 58 patients.
CONCLUSION: Fatty infiltration is the feature more common. Therefore, if fatty infiltration is seen in isolation radiologist should look for foreign body. PMID: 32122648 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - February 28, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Villanueva Campos AM, Martínez Rodríguez C, Tardáguila de la Fuente G, Utrera Pérez E, Jurado Basildo C Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Analysis of the radio-pathological factors of triple negative breast cancer and determination of risk profiles.
ta DS, Suñén Amador I Abstract OBJECTIVE: Triple-negative tumors are the most aggressive type of breast cancer. We aimed to analyze the main radiologic and histopathologic factors of these tumors to create a risk profile. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed data from 140 patients diagnosed with triple-negative breast cancer between January 2007 and December 2016, with follow-up through April 2018. We analyzed the following variables in the breast MRI done for staging: size, necrosis, associated findings, adenopathies, and perfusion and diffusion parameters. We analyzed the following variables in ...
Source: Radiologia - February 21, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Sebastián Sebastián C, García Mur C, Gros Bañeres B, Cruz Ciria S, Rosero Cuesta DS, Suñén Amador I Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Inner ear MRI: is it always useful to manage intravenous contrast?
CONCLUSION: Inner ear MRI without contrast gives relevant information to assess audiovestibular symptoms. The use of IVC increases the degree of confidence in a novel radiologist, while in the expert its use is less relevant. A protocol should be proposed in which gadolinium is used in selected patients. PMID: 32089257 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - February 20, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Sepúlveda Villegas CA, Santos Armentia E, Utrera Pérez E, Jurado Basildo C, Novoa Ferro M, Del Campo Estepar S Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Should susceptibility-weighted imaging be included in the basic protocol for magnetic resonance imaging of the brain?
CONCLUSION: SWI can help radiologists detect findings not seen on conventional brain MRI that sometimes result in substantial changes to the radiological report. PMID: 32067778 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - February 14, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Utrera Pérez E, Santos Armentia E, Silva Priegue N, Villanueva Campos A, Jurado Basildo C Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Adverse events of targeted anticancer therapies: what radiologists need to know.
iacute;a-Falces G Abstract The treatment of cancer has improved drastically in recent decades. Better understanding of tumor biology has enabled the development of new treatments, called targeted therapy. These drugs target specific signaling pathways that are necessary for the development of cancer. Immunotherapy is even more novel. These new agents can be classified into different groups, mainly according to their mechanism of action: VEGF inhibitors or anti-angiogenic agents, EGFR inhibitors, mTOR inhibitors, CTLA-4 inhibitors, or PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors, etc. All these new treatments are accompanied by new adver...
Source: Radiologia - February 11, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: López Sala P, Alberdi Aldasoro N, Unzué García-Falces G Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Quantification of iodine concentration by dual-energy CT in patients with acute.
CONCLUSIONS: The concentration of iodine in the pancreas measured with dual-energy CT differs significantly between patients with initial-stage acute pancreatitis and those without imaging or laboratory findings indicative of pancreatic disease. PMID: 32057482 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - February 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Utrera Pérez E, Tárdaguila de la Fuente G, Martínez Rodríguez C, Villanueva Campos A, Jurado Basildo C, García Pouton N Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Practical ultrasound workshops to teach medical students basic concepts of ultrasound semiology.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of practical ultrasound workshops for the acquisition and consolidation of conceptual learning about the basic physics and semiology of ultrasonography aimed at third-year medical school students doing the physical examination module of their studies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We carried out practical ultrasound workshops with two groups of 177 and 175 students in two consecutive academic years. All students had taken a class in basic radiology in the previous year. Students examined each other with ultrasonography under instructors' supervision in a two-hour ses...
Source: Radiologia - February 5, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Paternain Nuin A, Malmierca Ordoqui P, Igual Rouilleault AC, Soriano Aguadero I, Pueyo Villoslada JC Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Selective intra-arterial embolization to treat hemorrhoids.
CONCLUSIONS: Our initial results suggest that selective intra-arterial embolization is a safe and painless procedure that is well tolerated because it avoids rectal trauma and patients recover immediately. PMID: 32029240 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - February 3, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Ferrer Puchol MD, Esteban Hernández E, Blanco González FJ, Ramiro Gandia R, Solaz Solaz J, Pacheco Usmayo A Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Prophylaxis against postcontrast acute kidney injury (PC-AKI): updates in the ESUR guidelines 10.0 and critical review.
Poch E, Oleaga L Abstract The European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR) updated its guidelines for prophylaxis against postcontrast acute kidney injury (PC-AKI) in 2018 (ESUR 10.0). These guidelines drastically reduce the indications for prophylaxis against PC-AKI after iodine-based contrast administration, lowering the cutoff for administering prophylaxis to glomerular filtration rates
Source: Radiologia - February 3, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Sebastià C, Nicolau C, Martín de Francisco ÁL, Poch E, Oleaga L Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Analysis of the pattern of functional activation of the cerebellum and its topographical correlation.
CONCLUSIONS: Knowledge of the normal patterns of morphological characteristics and functional behavior in the cerebellum as well as their relations with the brain is important for radiologists and clinicians evaluating the cerebellum and possible pathological conditions that affect it. PMID: 32029242 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - February 3, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Rodríguez-Takeuchi SY, Baena-Caldas GP, Orejuela Zapata JF, Granados Sánchez AM Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Doctoral theses: a survival guide for radiologists.
This article aims to review the basic regulations that govern doctoral programs nowadays and to provide some useful advice for potential doctoral students. PMID: 32019694 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - February 1, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Fornell Pérez R Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Clinical-radiological correlations in a de novo cavernous angioma with pseudotumor-like behavior.
This article aims to describe the behavior of a cavernous angioma in its natural history, documenting: a) its de novo appearance, a very uncommon observation, and b) its changes on imaging studies, where it grew progressively like an expanding lesion but had no clinical repercussions. On magnetic resonance imaging, atypical signs can orient the etiological diagnosis of cavernous angioma versus other alternatives: de novo appearance, fluid-fluid or air-fluid level, incomplete hypointense ring due to hemosiderin deposition, pseudotumor-like growth, pseudocyst-like or multiloculated shape, vasogenic edema, mass effect, and si...
Source: Radiologia - January 25, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Romero-Sánchez CM, Hernández-Fernández F, Lozano E, Segura T Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Quantifying steatosis in the liver and pancreas with MRI in patients with chronic liver disease.
acute;, França M Abstract AIM: To compare pancreatic and hepatic steatosis quantified by proton density fat fraction (PDFF) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with chronic liver disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 46 adult patients who underwent liver biopsy for chronic viral hepatitis (n=19) or other chronic non-alcoholic liver diseases (NALD) (n=27). Liver biopsy was used as the gold standard for diagnosing and grading hepatic steatosis. All patients underwent clinical evaluation and MRI with a multi-echo chemical shift-encoded (MECSE) gradient-echo sequenc...
Source: Radiologia - January 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Vieira J, Amorim J, Martí-Bonmatí L, Alberich-Bayarri Á, França M Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

How can radiologists be helpful in improving colo-rectal cancer screening?
PMID: 31924339 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - January 7, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Laghi A Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Orbital Magnetic Resonance Imaging to unmask giant cell arteritis.
This article presents the case of a patient with bilateral amaurosis in whom the diagnosis of giant cell arteritis was suggested by perineural enhancement on orbital magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and confirmed by biopsy of the temporal artery. The clinical presentation of giant cell arteritis is occasionally nonspecific; patients can have visual symptoms, even blindness if the branches of the ophthalmic artery are affected; in these cases, orbital MRI can be very useful for early diagnosis. Although the MRI findings are uncommon, distinct patterns of enhancement have been reported, the most characteristic of which is pe...
Source: Radiologia - December 27, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Serrano Alcalá E, Grivé Isern E, Díez Borras L, Salaya Díaz JT Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Current management of small renal masses.
lanueva Campos AM Abstract One of the consequences of the growing use of diagnostic imaging techniques is the notable growth in the detection of small renal masses presumably corresponding to localized tumors that are potentially curable with surgical treatment. When faced with the finding of a small renal mass, radiologists must determine whether it is benign or malignant, and if it is malignant, what subtype it belong to, and whether it should be managed with surgical treatment, with ablative techniques, or with watchful waiting with active surveillance. Small renal masses are now a clinical entity that require ...
Source: Radiologia - December 24, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Martínez Rodríguez C, Tardáguila de la Fuente G, Villanueva Campos AM Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Normal and transitory ultrasonography findings in the immediate postoperative period after liver transplantation.
CONCLUSION: Early vascular (arterial and portal) complications can represent a threat for the graft or the patient. During the period after liver transplantation, the patient is recovering from surgery and the transplanted organ is adapting to its new environment. In this period, ultrasonography can show alterations in the parenchyma or Doppler findings that would be considered abnormal in other situations; these findings are usually transitory. Knowing how to interpret them is key to detecting or ruling out complications. PMID: 31866060 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - December 19, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Calvo-Imirizaldu M, Ezponda Casajús A, Soriano Aguadero I, Benito Boillos A, Cano Rafart D Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Safety of regadenoson for vasodilation in cardiac MRI stress tests.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety of regadenoson for vasodilation in cardiac MRI stress tests to detect myocardial ischemia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed cardiac MRI studies done in 120 patients (mean age, 67±11.6 years; 88 men) with suspected ischemic heart disease or known coronary disease who had clinical indications for cardiac MRI stress tests. All studies were done on a 1.5 T scanner (MAGNETOM Aera, Siemens Healthineers) using regadenoson (5ml, 0.4mg) for vasodilation. We recorded cardiovascular risk factors, medications, and indications for the test as well as vita...
Source: Radiologia - December 17, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Bastarrika G, Ezponda A, Baizan AG, Calvo M, Pueyo JC, Gavira JJ, Caballeros M Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Artificial intelligence vs human intelligence: will radiologists be needed in the future?
PMID: 31813572 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiologia)
Source: Radiologia - December 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Rojas R Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

How to interpret images in epileptic seizures: correlation between clinical and functional MRI findings.
This article focuses on adult epileptic patients, reviewing the updated clinical criteria published by the International League Against Epilepsy for the definitions of seizures, epilepsy, and status epilepticus. It also describes the different types of epilepsy, the different presentations, the signs, the radiologic approach to managing seizures, and the differences between generalized and focal seizures. Finally, it discusses the relations between possible functional cerebral deficits secondary to potentially epileptogenic lesions and epilepsy surgery, underlining the importance of functional magnetic resonance imaging st...
Source: Radiologia - November 28, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Bargalló N, Conde Blanco E Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

The beginnings of radiology in Malaga.
Abstract On March 2, 1896, the local press in Malaga reported the discovery of X-rays, relating various news items about the use of X-rays and literature about Roentgen's discovery by journalists and other authors. Outstanding among these writings was a periodical directed at the administration and general public called Los Rayos X. Progressively, the first X-ray machines were installed in hospitals during this period, and the first installation in a private medical clinic took place in 1900. In Malaga, the assimilation and progression of the diagnostic and therapeutic use of radiology was slow and affected by pec...
Source: Radiologia - November 24, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Prados Carmona G, Sendra Portero F Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Embolisation of prostate arteries in benign prostatic hyperplasia in non-surgical patients.
oacute;n RJ, Lanciego C Abstract OBJECTIVE: To present the results of a multidisciplinary study of two tertiary hospitals, together with urology services, on 102 consecutive patients not candidates for surgery treated for more than 6 years, in whom prostatic arteries were embolised for the treatment of benign hyperplasia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From December 2012 to February 2019, 102 patients with symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) not candidates for surgery or who explicitly rejected surgery, with an average age of 73.9 years (range 47.5-94.5), underwent prostatic artery embolisation. The patient...
Source: Radiologia - November 19, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Monreal R, Robles C, Sánchez-Casado M, Ciampi JJ, López-Guerrero M, Ruíz-Salmerón RJ, Lanciego C Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Follow-up in Head and neck cancer. What the Radiologist must know.
ute;zquez Olmos C Abstract The management of patients with head and neck cancer implies a multidisciplinary treatment with surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Imaging is crucial in their follow-up, especially when the tumor recurrence is not clinically evident. Radiologically distinguishing post-treatment changes from a tumor recurrence is a challenge due to the anatomical alteration due to surgical techniques and their reconstructions, radiotherapy treatment and chemotherapeutic guidelines. The differential diagnosis must include the possible complications derived from radiotherapy (mucosal necrosis, osteorad...
Source: Radiologia - October 24, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: González Moreno IM, Torres Del Río S, Vázquez Olmos C Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research

Aortic dissection class 3: a little-known entity. Presentation of 4 cases.
na GL Abstract Aortic dissection (AD) is the most common acute condition of the aorta and has a high mortality. Therefore, it is a radiological emergency of vital importance. Currently, five subtypes are distinguished, among which AD class 3 -also known as limited or subtle AD- is the less recognised. This type of dissection is infrequent and needs to be acknowledged radiologically in order not to go unnoticed. Regarding its imaging features, this entity is characterized by a small focal bulging of the aortic wall outline and/or a limited round dilation at the region affected by the intimal tear. Recently, the low...
Source: Radiologia - October 15, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Carazo ER, Ramos-Bossini AJL, García CP, Milena GL Tags: Radiologia Source Type: research