Issue Information
Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, Volume 93, Issue 1, Page i-iv, March 2020. (Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice)
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - February 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Editorial acknowledgement
Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, Volume 93, Issue 1, Page 187-188, March 2020. (Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice)
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - February 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Editorial acknowledgement Source Type: research

Stressed, depressed, and rank obsessed: Individual differences in compassion and neuroticism predispose towards rank ‐based depressive symptomatology
ConclusionsWhilst it is necessary to delineate the conditions where compassion is appropriate and able to lead to positive mental health outcomes, we argue this cannot be addressed with the Big ‐5 measure of trait compassion. We call for future work to consider valid and reliable measures for compassion, such as the self‐compassion scale, submissive compassion scale, and fears of compassion scale, to more fully address how compassion may protect against both rank‐based comparisons an d severity of depression.Practitioner Points Social rank mechanisms are robustly implicated in depression, anxiety, and stress. Clie...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - February 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jeffrey J. Kim, Ruby Gerrish, Paul Gilbert, James N. Kirby Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Investigating self ‐concept in self‐harm: A repertory grid study
ConclusionsThe results are consistent with the idea that self ‐perception is associated with self‐harm and related difficulties. The results also highlight the potential utility of repertory grids as a tool for exploring self‐concept. The cross‐sectional nature of the study precludes inferences about directionality or the temporal characteristics of as sociations.Practitioner points More recent experiences of self ‐harm may be reflected in the way individuals perceive or construe themselves. The way in which individuals who self‐harm perceive or construe themselves may also be related to their current well...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - February 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Peter J. Taylor, Sunny Usher, Khowla Jomar, Rebecca Forrester Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

A randomized controlled trial examining the impact of individual trauma ‐focused therapy for individuals receiving group treatment for depression
ConclusionsWhile differences in outcomes were minimal immediately post ‐treatment, differences among treatment groups increased over time. Thus, as few as three additional TFT sessions may impact positively on symptom change for people completing a group programme for the treatment of depression.Practitioner points Depression is the greatest cause of disability worldwide. Adverse experiences are linked with an increased likelihood of depression, more severe symptoms and poor treatment outcomes following evidence ‐based interventions. As few as three trauma‐focused sessions can improve treatment outcomes in terms ...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - January 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sarah Dominguez, Peter Drummond, Bethanie Gouldthorp, Diana Janson, Christopher William Lee Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Illness ‐related intrusive thoughts and illness anxiety disorder
ConclusionIllness ‐ITs are a dimensional cognitive experience. The way they are appraised facilitates their escalation into symptoms of IAD.Practitioner points Provides support for the cognitive explanatory model of IAD and its usefulness in clinical practice. Indicates that the way people interpret and react to naturally occurring intrusive thoughts about illness seems to be a vulnerability marker for developing an illness anxiety disorder. Emphasizes that the meaning that patients with IAD ascribe to their intrusive thoughts about illnesses must be a main target in the cognitive ‐behavioral treatment of IAD. Sug...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - January 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sandra Arn áez, Gemma García‐Soriano, Jose López‐Santiago, Amparo Belloch Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Patient perfectionism and clinician impression formation during an initial interview
ConclusionsFindings highlight the importance of evaluating and addressing trait and self ‐presentation components of perfectionism early in the therapeutic process.Practitioner points Higher levels of other ‐oriented perfectionism and non‐display of imperfection were associated with greater clinician‐rated hostility during an initial interview. Patient hostility mediated the relationship between patients’ other‐oriented perfectionism, non‐display of imperfection, and less favourable clinic ian impressions. Our study highlights the importance of assessing and attending to patient perfectionism and disp...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - January 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Paul L. Hewitt, Chang Chen, Martin M. Smith, Lisa Zhang, Marie Habke, Gordon L. Flett, Samuel F. Mikail Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Are there reliable and valid measures of anxiety for people with psychosis? A systematic review of psychometric properties
ConclusionsThe instruments listed are recommended as at least adequate for the assessment of anxiety in psychosis on the basis of these preliminary data. Further validation of existing instruments designed to measure anxiety in people with psychosis is strongly recommended.Practitioner points Anxiety has a developmental and maintaining role in psychosis; therefore, we should routinely screen for symptoms of anxiety when working with people with psychosis spectrum disorders. Studies included in this review reported reliable and valid measures of anxiety for people with psychosis; however, the methodological quality of mo...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - December 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Emma L. Smith, Philippa A. Garety, Helen Harding, Amy Hardy Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Psychological consultancy in mental health services: A systematic review of service, staff, and patient outcomes
ConclusionsPsychological consultation appears a useful and worthwhile aspect of leadership by psychological therapists. Training in delivering consultancy needs to be well integrated into the core curricula of clinical training programmes. The evidence base is still in its infancy, and further well ‐controlled research is required.Practitioner points Psychological consultation improves staff insight and understanding of patients. Psychological consultants need to remain visible and accessible to teams and use a theoretical model to guide consultation. Training and supervision in consultation are necessary to support ...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - December 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jeetender Ghag, Stephen Kellett, Katie Ackroyd Tags: Review Paper Source Type: research

Young people ’s trauma‐related cognitions before and after cognitive processing therapy for post‐traumatic stress disorder
ConclusionsOur results support the notion that cognitive change is an important mechanism of change in CPT in a sample of younger, non ‐English‐speaking clients.Practitioner points Knowledge about the working mechanisms of psychotherapies (in addition to knowledge about their efficacy) is important for psychoeducation, motivating clients, and clinical decision ‐making. In accordance with the theory behind cognitive processing therapy, young clients’ cognitions changed over the course of therapy in the predicted ways. For some types of cognition, the change was related to PTSD and/or depressive symptoms, sup...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - December 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Julia K önig, Brigitte Kopp, Angela Ziegelmeier, Eline Rimane, Regina Steil, Babette Renneberg, Rita Rosner Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Understanding, treating, and renaming grandiose delusions: A qualitative study
ConclusionsWe conclude that grandiosity is a psychologically rich experience, with a number of maintenance factors that may be amenable to a targeted psychological intervention. Importantly, the term ‘grandiose delusion’ is an imprecise description of the experience; we suggest ‘delusions of exceptionality’ may be a credible alternative.Practitioner points Harm from grandiose delusions can occur across multiple domains (including physical, sexual, social, occupational, and emotional) and practitioners should assess accordingly. However, grandiose delusions are experienced by patients as highly me...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - November 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Louise Isham, Laura Griffith, Anne ‐Marie Boylan, Alice Hicks, Natalie Wilson, Rory Byrne, Bryony Sheaves, Richard P. Bentall, Daniel Freeman Tags: Qualitative paper Source Type: research

Positive, not negative, self ‐compassion mediates the relationship between self‐esteem and well‐being
ConclusionsThe findings evinced that positive, not negative, self ‐compassion mediated the relationship between self‐esteem and hedonic well‐being as well as self‐esteem and eudaimonic well‐being. Moreover, self‐esteem and self‐compassion have predictive strengths for both kinds of well‐being. The findings showed the relevance of self‐esteem and self‐compassion to underscore well‐being. The implications and directions for future researchers have been discussed.Practitioner points Contrary to the earlier findings suggesting self ‐esteem and self‐compassion carrying relevance to explicate performa...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - November 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ruchi Pandey, Gyanesh Kumar Tiwari, Priyanka Parihar, Pramod Kumar Rai Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Attachment ‐specific speech patterns induce dysphoric mood changes in the listener as a function of individual differences in attachment characteristics and psychopathology
ConclusionsExposure to attachment ‐specific speech patterns can result in dysphoric mood changes. Specifically, the insecure‐preoccupied narrative influenced the listeners’ emotional state, which was further mediated by the individual attachment patterns and psychopathological personality characteristics. This deepens the unde rstanding of interpersonal processes, especially in psychotherapeutic settings.Practitioner points In clinical populations, insecure ‐preoccupied attachment has a high prevalence. In this study, listening to a narrative characteristic of insecure‐preoccupied speech patterns resulted i...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - November 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Anna Linda Leutritz, Lejla Colic, Viola Borchardt, Xuemei Cheng, Bin Zhang, Sarah Lison, J örg Frommer, Anna Buchheim, Bernhard Strauss, Peter Fonagy, Tobias Nolte, Martin Walter Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The relationship between ingroup identity and Paranoid ideation among people from African and African Caribbean backgrounds
ConclusionsIdentification with the majority culture is associated both positively and negatively with paranoid beliefs depending on the types of social interactions people experience. The findings have implications for preventative social prescribing initiatives and for understanding the causes of the high rates of psychosis in ethnic minority populations.Practitioner points People from African and African Caribbean backgrounds experience high rates of paranoia, which may stem from social causes such as lack of belonging and negative social experiences. Among people from African backgrounds living in the UK, British ide...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - November 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jason C. McIntyre, Anam Elahi, Fiona Kate Barlow, Ross G. White, Richard P. Bentall Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Issue Information
Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, Volume 92, Issue 4, Page i-iv, December 2019. (Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice)
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - November 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Social cognition in adolescent females with borderline personality traits
ConclusionsAdolescent females with borderline personality traits had lower social cognitive performance compared to healthy adolescent females. The intensity of this social cognitive deficit was evident to be related to impulsivity, emptiness, pattern of relationships, and quasi ‐psychotic states. (Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice)
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - November 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tamer Goueli, Mohamed Nasreldin, Nagwan Madbouly, Isabel Dziobek, Mohamed Farouk Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Ability to move between self ‐states and emotional experiencing and processing as predictors of symptomatic change
ConclusionsThe ability to move between multiple self ‐states and accessibility to emotional experiencing may be seen as complementary processes enhancing the effectiveness of therapy. However, a high level of one process combined with a low level of the other may be a sign of poor therapeutic outcome.Practitioner points Clients ’ capacity to negotiate between conflicted self‐states and their ability to experience and process emotions are two determinants working in a synergistic way to predict improvement in clients’ symptoms. The presence of only one of these psychological processes without the other mi...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - October 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hadar Fisher, Nehama HaCohen, Sharon Shimshi, Shira Rand ‐Lakritz, Kineret Shapira, Rivka Tuval‐Mashiach Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Psychological resilience to suicidal thoughts and behaviours in people with schizophrenia diagnoses : A systematic literature review
ConclusionsThe limited literature showed that resilience is important in understanding suicidal thoughts and behaviours in people with schizophrenia diagnoses. There is a need for prospective research that investigates moderating effects of psychological resilience in the pathways to suicidal thoughts and behaviours in people with schizophrenia diagnoses.Practitioner pointsNovel evidence for four psychological constructs which may confer resilience to suicidal thoughts and behaviours in people with schizophrenia diagnoses.Strong evidence for the impact of perceived social support and appraisals of personal skills and attri...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - October 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kamelia Harris, Gillian Haddock, Sarah Peters, Patricia Gooding Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Does the Beck Cognitive Insight Scale predict change in delusional beliefs?
ConclusionsOverall improvement in BCIS self ‐certainty scores over time predicted better treatment outcomes as assessed with MADS items.Practitioner points Treatments for patients with psychosis should focus on improving cognitive insight as this seems to improve overall treatment outcomes and recovery. The Beck Cognitive Insight Scale can be used to measure changes during treatment and can predict treatment outcomes. (Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice)
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - October 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Louise Penzenstadler, Anne Chatton, Tania Lecomte, Philippe Huguelet, Laurent Lecardeur, Silke Azoulay, Javier Bartolomei, Perrine Brazo, Elodie Murys, Florent Poupart, Serge Rouvi ère, Alberto Parabiaghi, Mohamed Saoud, Jérôme Favrod, Ya Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Social interaction patterns, therapist responsiveness, and outcome in treatments for borderline personality disorder
ConclusionsThe conclusions seem promising for specific effectiveness of responsive treatments in particular in the interpersonal problem area of BPD. Identifying social interaction patterns early in treatment may be a crucial pathway to change for BPD.Practitioner points Responsive therapy activating social interaction patterns may be crucial for better outcome. Future research should focus on mechanisms of change in early treatment phases for BPD. New scale for assessing social interaction patterns specific to borderline personality disorder. (Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice)
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - October 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Silja Signer, Rafael Estermann Jansen, Rainer Sachse, Franz Caspar, Ueli Kramer Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Does the Beck Cognitive Insight Scale predict change in delusional beliefs?
ConclusionsOverall improvement in BCIS self ‐certainty scores over time predicted better treatment outcomes as assessed with MADS items.Practitioner points Treatments for patients with psychosis should focus on improving cognitive insight as this seems to improve overall treatment outcomes and recovery. The Beck Cognitive Insight Scale can be used to measure changes during treatment and can predict treatment outcomes. (Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice)
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - October 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Louise Penzenstadler, Anne Chatton, Tania Lecomte, Philippe Huguelet, Laurent Lecardeur, Silke Azoulay, Javier Bartolomei, Perrine Brazo, Elodie Murys, Florent Poupart, Serge Rouvi ère, Alberto Parabiaghi, Mohamed Saoud, Jérôme Favrod, Ya Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Social interaction patterns, therapist responsiveness, and outcome in treatments for borderline personality disorder
ConclusionsThe conclusions seem promising for specific effectiveness of responsive treatments in particular in the interpersonal problem area of BPD. Identifying social interaction patterns early in treatment may be a crucial pathway to change for BPD.Practitioner points Responsive therapy activating social interaction patterns may be crucial for better outcome. Future research should focus on mechanisms of change in early treatment phases for BPD. New scale for assessing social interaction patterns specific to borderline personality disorder. (Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice)
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - October 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Silja Signer, Rafael Estermann Jansen, Rainer Sachse, Franz Caspar, Ueli Kramer Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

The beliefs of non ‐psychiatric doctors about the causes, treatments, and prognosis of schizophrenia
ConclusionsThese findings suggest the need to provide some doctors with training on the multiple, interacting causes of schizophrenia and the efficacy of the broad range of available treatments. The education of health professionals regarding stigma and its effects on clinical practice is also needed.Practitioner pointsViewing schizophrenia as mainly due to a biological cause is associated with greater confidence in the usefulness of drugs, higher belief in the need for lifelong pharmacological treatments, and greater prognostic pessimism.Belief in a biologically oriented model of schizophrenia may lead doctors to underest...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - September 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lorenza Magliano, Giulia Citarelli, John Read Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

How is paranoia experienced in a student population? A qualitative study of students scoring highly on a paranoia measure
ConclusionsKey aspects of the findings discussed in the context of the literature include paranoia as a threat heuristic; the role of internal and external dialogues; the influence of gender on content; and the importance of meaning in life as a coping resource.Practitioner points Paranoia may be a significant issue for some students. Paranoia needs to be seen in the context of past aversive experiences. Dialogical approaches may be useful in developing new therapeutic narratives. Valued social roles, activities, and responsibilities may be an important coping resource. (Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, R...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - September 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: David J. Harper, Caoilfhionn Timmons Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Adult mental health practitioner beliefs about psychosis, parenting, and the role of the practitioner: A Q methodological investigation
ConclusionUsing parenting interventions as part of their clinical work was acceptable to most practitioners; however, some lacked confidence in their ability to work in a family ‐focused way. Efforts now need to focus on enhancing practitioners’ skill, knowledge, and confidence in family‐focused approaches to provide increased and improved support to families which include a parent experiencing psychosis or other SMI.Practitioner points Parenting interventions need to be made more available and accessible to parents experiencing serious mental illness (SMI), such as psychosis. Adult mental health practitioners...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - August 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hope Adderley, Anja Wittkowski, Rachel Calam, Lynsey Gregg Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Multiple and interpersonal trauma are risk factors for both post ‐traumatic stress disorder and borderline personality disorder: A systematic review on the traumatic backgrounds and clinical characteristics of comorbid post‐traumatic stress disorder/borderline personality disorder groups versus single‐disorder groups
ConclusionMultiple and interpersonal trauma might have a unique role in the development of comorbid BPD/PTSD features, particularly so for emotion dysregulation. Future research is required to unravel the unique characteristics of interpersonal trauma that can generate BPD and PTSD symptoms.Practitioner points Practitioners should routinely assess for interpersonal trauma considering its impact. Tackling emotion regulation difficulties might promote recovery from both PTSD and BPD symptoms. Presence of self ‐injury might be used to discriminate between PTSD and BPD and offer suitable interventions. (Source: Psycholog...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - August 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sally Jowett, Thanos Karatzias, Idit Albert Tags: Review Paper Source Type: research

Issue Information
Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, Volume 92, Issue 3, Page i-iv, September 2019. (Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice)
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - August 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Call for papers: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice special online ‐only issue on Cognitive Analytic Therapy
Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, Volume 92, Issue 3, Page 439-439, September 2019. (Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice)
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - August 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Call for papers Source Type: research

Issue Information
Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, Volume 92, Issue 3, Page i-iv, September 2019. (Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice)
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - August 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Call for papers: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice special online ‐only issue on Cognitive Analytic Therapy
Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, Volume 92, Issue 3, Page 439-439, September 2019. (Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice)
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - August 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Call for papers Source Type: research

Multiple and interpersonal trauma are risk factors for both post ‐traumatic stress disorder and borderline personality disorder: A systematic review on the traumatic backgrounds and clinical characteristics of comorbid post‐traumatic stress disorder/borderline personality disorder groups versus single‐disorder groups
ConclusionMultiple and interpersonal trauma might have a unique role in the development of comorbid BPD/PTSD features, particularly so for emotion dysregulation. Future research is required to unravel the unique characteristics of interpersonal trauma that can generate BPD and PTSD symptoms.Practitioner points Practitioners should routinely assess for interpersonal trauma considering its impact. Tackling emotion regulation difficulties might promote recovery from both PTSD and BPD symptoms. Presence of self ‐injury might be used to discriminate between PTSD and BPD and offer suitable interventions. (Source: Psycholog...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - August 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sally Jowett, Thanos Karatzias, Idit Albert Tags: Review Paper Source Type: research

The experience of body image concerns in patients with persecutory delusions: ‘People don't want to sit next to me’
ConclusionsPatients with persecutory delusions described appearance ‐related concerns making them feel negative towards themselves, inferior to other people, and vulnerable to harm. Appearance‐related distress was broader than weight gain, including dissatisfaction with skin, clothing, and attractiveness. Negative body image may be a contributory factor in the o ccurrence of paranoia.Practitioner pointsBody image concerns may be of particular relevance in patients with persecutory delusions due to weight gain, inactivity, and medication side effects.Body image concerns include weight gain and broader aspects of appeara...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - August 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Emily Marshall, Daniel Freeman, Felicity Waite Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Causal explanations of depression and treatment credibility in adults with untreated depression: Examining attribution theory
ConclusionsThe present study has implications for framing education about depression in mental health literacy programs and public awareness campaigns.Practitioner points This study found that conceptualizing depression as biologically caused increased the credibility of medication but not psychotherapy Participants reading a biological explanation of depression demonstrated an increase on some aspects of stigma and prognostic pessimism Emphasizing the person –environment interaction rather than biological causes decreased the perceived stability of depression which was associated with a decrease in prognostic pe...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - August 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Martha Zimmermann, Anthony Papa Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The experience of body image concerns in patients with persecutory delusions: ‘People don't want to sit next to me’
ConclusionsPatients with persecutory delusions described appearance ‐related concerns making them feel negative towards themselves, inferior to other people, and vulnerable to harm. Appearance‐related distress was broader than weight gain, including dissatisfaction with skin, clothing, and attractiveness. Negative body image may be a contributory factor in the o ccurrence of paranoia.Practitioner pointsBody image concerns may be of particular relevance in patients with persecutory delusions due to weight gain, inactivity, and medication side effects.Body image concerns include weight gain and broader aspects of appeara...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - August 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Emily Marshall, Daniel Freeman, Felicity Waite Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Causal explanations of depression and treatment credibility in adults with untreated depression: Examining attribution theory
ConclusionsThe present study has implications for framing education about depression in mental health literacy programs and public awareness campaigns.Practitioner points This study found that conceptualizing depression as biologically caused increased the credibility of medication but not psychotherapy Participants reading a biological explanation of depression demonstrated an increase on some aspects of stigma and prognostic pessimism Emphasizing the person –environment interaction rather than biological causes decreased the perceived stability of depression which was associated with a decrease in prognostic pe...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - August 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Martha Zimmermann, Anthony Papa Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Soothe ourselves in times of need: A qualitative exploration of how the feeling of ‘soothe’ is understood and experienced in everyday life
ConclusionsOur study illustrated the importance of affiliations, physical sensations, mindfulness, connection with nature, and solitude on the cultivation of soothe. Results may help develop therapeutic techniques in enhancing self ‐soothe by tapping into individuals’ understanding and subjective experience in everyday contexts.Practitioner points Compassion ‐focused therapy and related third wave therapies emphasize the role of cultivating self‐compassion and feelings of self‐soothe in reducing psychological distress and improving mental well‐being. This study sheds light on how individuals understand a...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - August 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Michelle C. L. Mok, Matthias Schwannauer, Stella W. Y. Chan Tags: Qualitative Paper Source Type: research

Sexual minority status and symptoms of psychosis: The role of bullying, discrimination, social support, and drug use – Findings from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey 2007
ConclusionsSexual minority status appears to have a specific association with paranoia symptoms, which may be partially explained by experiences of social adversity. However, the cross ‐sectional nature of the study limits direct inference about causality of such symptoms.Practitioner points Sexual minority groups may be more likely to experience symptoms of paranoia. It may be important to consider experiences of social adversity such as bullying, lack of social support, and also history of drug use in the context of paranoia within these groups. (Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice)
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - July 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Robert Qi, Jasper Palmier ‐Claus, Juliette Simpson, Filippo Varese, Richard Bentall Tags: Original Article Source Type: research