Managing unusual sensory experiences: A feasibility trial in an At Risk Mental States for psychosis group
ConclusionsThe new treatment targeting subtypes of auditory and visual hallucinations was acceptable to service ‐users and the benefits of addressing psychological mechanisms thought to contribute to hallucinations was supported by qualitative feedback.Practitioner points A novel treatment has been developed for unusual sensory experiences based on subtyping voices and using technology to help explain psychological mechanisms that may be linked to hallucinations. The treatment was acceptable to service users and therapists in At Risk Mental States for psychosis services with qualitative feedback supporting the appro...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - December 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Guy Dodgson, Charlotte Aynsworth, Kaja J. Mitrenga, Chistopher Gibbs, Victoria Patton, Charles Fernyhough, Robert Dudley, Carina Ewels, Louise Leach, Ben Alderson ‐Day, Stephanie Common Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Mistrust and negative self ‐esteem: Two paths from attachment styles to paranoia
In this study, we tested whether mist rust – operationalized as judgements about the trustworthiness of unfamiliar faces – constitutes a second pathway from insecure attachment to paranoia.DesignThe design of the study was cross ‐sectional.MethodsA nationally representative British sample of 1,508 participants aged 18 –86, 50.8% female, recruited through the survey company Qualtrics, completed measurements of attachment style, negative self‐esteem, and paranoid beliefs. Usable data were obtained from 1,121 participants. Participants were asked to make trustworthiness judgements about computer‐genera...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - December 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Anton P. Martinez, Maximilian Agostini, Azzam Al ‐Suhibani, Richard P. Bentall Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Compassionate Mind Training: An 8 ‐week group for the general public
ConclusionsFindings offer preliminary support for the usefulness of group CMT in community samples.Practitioner points Compassionate Mind Training (CMT) groups appear to be applicable and beneficial in community samples. CMT psychoeducation and practices appear to bring positive changes to a variety of psychological processes, including attachment, self ‐criticism, self‐compassion, well‐being, and distress. Further studies are required to investigate whether the mechanisms through which CMT is beneficial. (Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice)
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - November 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Chris Irons, Charles Heriot ‐Maitland Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Self ‐compassion and emotional regulation as predictors of social anxiety
ConclusionsThe findings provide preliminary evidence that self ‐compassion can play an important role in alleviating social anxiety and that emotion regulation through ES and CR are important mechanisms of that influence.Practitioner points Adopting a more compassionate attitude towards the self can reduce the symptoms of social anxiety Emotional regulation through reducing emotional suppression may be a mechanism whereby higher levels of self ‐compassion reduce symptoms of social anxiety. Although higher levels of self‐compassion predict greater use of emotional regulation through cognitive appraisal, cognitive ...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - November 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Glen W. Bates, Bradley Elphinstone, Richard Whitehead Tags: Origial article Source Type: research

Compassion ‐focused therapies for self‐esteem: A systematic review and meta‐analysis
PurposeTo identify whether compassion ‐focused therapy (CFT) or compassion‐based interventions are effective in improving self‐esteem.MethodsDatabases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO) were searched, along with OpenGrey literature. Experts were also contacted and handsearching of reference lists and citing articles undertaken. To be eligible, papers had to include an intervention identified as being compassion ‐based and mention ‘self‐esteem’ as a variable or outcome. Papers were quality appraised using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool. Data were analysed using a random‐effects meta‐analysis model, ...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - November 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sarah Thomason, Nima Moghaddam Tags: Review Paper Source Type: research

How psychosis interrupts the lives of women and men differently: a qualitative comparison
ConclusionsPsychosis may disrupt distinct aspects of life for men and women. Each gender faces the intersection of socially informed expectations that impact one ’s experiences of stigma, expectations of others, and manifestations of losses felt in one’s role and sense of identity. Findings inform important considerations for therapy and other services.Practitioner points Gender ‐based socialized expectations, losses, and challenges that accompany psychosis are important areas for therapeutic consideration. Current treatments may neglect challenges that are more commonly experienced by women with psychosis...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - November 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ruth L. Firmin, Aieyat B. Zalzala, Jay A. Hamm, Lauren Luther, Paul H. Lysaker Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The mediating role of fear of COVID ‐19 in the relationship between intolerance of uncertainty and depression
ConclusionsDepressive symptomatology affected study participants at a moderate level. IU was shown to be a significant predictor of depressive symptomatology with higher levels of IU being associated with more severe depressive symptoms. Fear of COVID ‐19 partially mediated this association. The mediation effect may be explained by the uncertainty around COVID‐19‐related health issues, which are reflected in the FCV‐19S and cause worry and/or anxiety. Uncertainty related with other factors, such as the impact on the economy and education, not assessed by the FCV‐19S, may explain part of the relationship between I...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - November 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Panteleimon Voitsidis, Vasiliki Aliki Nikopoulou, Vasiliki Holeva, Eleni Parlapani, Konstantinos Sereslis, Virginia Tsipropoulou, Panayiota Karamouzi, Aikaterini Giazkoulidou, Nektaria Tsopaneli, Ioannis Diakogiannis Tags: Brief Report: Covid ‐19 (Papt) Source Type: research

Self ‐compassion and emotional regulation as predictors of social anxiety
ConclusionsThe findings provide preliminary evidence that self ‐compassion can play an important role in alleviating social anxiety and that emotion regulation through ES and CR are important mechanisms of that influence.Practitioner points Adopting a more compassionate attitude towards the self can reduce the symptoms of social anxiety Emotional regulation through reducing emotional suppression may be a mechanism whereby higher levels of self ‐compassion reduce symptoms of social anxiety. Although higher levels of self‐compassion predict greater use of emotional regulation through cognitive appraisal, cognitive ...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - November 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Glen W. Bates, Bradley Elphinstone, Richard Whitehead Tags: Origial article Source Type: research

Compassion ‐focused therapies for self‐esteem: A systematic review and meta‐analysis
PurposeTo identify whether compassion ‐focused therapy (CFT) or compassion‐based interventions are effective in improving self‐esteem.MethodsDatabases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO) were searched, along with OpenGrey literature. Experts were also contacted and handsearching of reference lists and citing articles undertaken. To be eligible, papers had to include an intervention identified as being compassion ‐based and mention ‘self‐esteem’ as a variable or outcome. Papers were quality appraised using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool. Data were analysed using a random‐effects meta‐analysis model, ...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - November 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sarah Thomason, Nima Moghaddam Tags: Review Paper Source Type: research

How psychosis interrupts the lives of women and men differently: a qualitative comparison
ConclusionsPsychosis may disrupt distinct aspects of life for men and women. Each gender faces the intersection of socially informed expectations that impact one ’s experiences of stigma, expectations of others, and manifestations of losses felt in one’s role and sense of identity. Findings inform important considerations for therapy and other services.Practitioner points Gender ‐based socialized expectations, losses, and challenges that accompany psychosis are important areas for therapeutic consideration. Current treatments may neglect challenges that are more commonly experienced by women with psychosis...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - November 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ruth L. Firmin, Aieyat B. Zalzala, Jay A. Hamm, Lauren Luther, Paul H. Lysaker Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The mediating role of fear of COVID ‐19 in the relationship between intolerance of uncertainty and depression
ConclusionsDepressive symptomatology affected study participants at a moderate level. IU was shown to be a significant predictor of depressive symptomatology with higher levels of IU being associated with more severe depressive symptoms. Fear of COVID ‐19 partially mediated this association. The mediation effect may be explained by the uncertainty around COVID‐19‐related health issues, which are reflected in the FCV‐19S and cause worry and/or anxiety. Uncertainty related with other factors, such as the impact on the economy and education, not assessed by the FCV‐19S, may explain part of the relationship between I...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - November 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Panteleimon Voitsidis, Vasiliki Aliki Nikopoulou, Vasiliki Holeva, Eleni Parlapani, Konstantinos Sereslis, Virginia Tsipropoulou, Panayiota Karamouzi, Aikaterini Giazkoulidou, Nektaria Tsopaneli, Ioannis Diakogiannis Tags: Brief Report: Covid ‐19 (Papt) Source Type: research

Issue Information
Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, Volume 93, Issue 4, Page i-iv, December 2020. (Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice)
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - November 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Psychological interventions for people with Parkinson ’s disease in the early 2020s: Where do we stand?
ConclusionsCBT appears to be effective in treating depression and sleep disorders in people with PD, while psychoeducation programmes alone should be avoided. The use of CBT to improve anxiety, quality of life, and impulse control, as well mindfulness ‐based interventions, should be undertaken with some caution because of insufficient research and inconsistent results. As we enter the new decade, more high‐quality evidence is required for psychological interventions in people with PD in general and to corroborate preliminary positive findings on the adoption of less frequent approaches such as ACT.Practitioner points ...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - November 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Nicol ò Zarotti, Fiona J. R. Eccles, Jennifer A. Foley, Andrew Paget, Sarah Gunn, Iracema Leroi, Jane Simpson Tags: Review Paper Source Type: research

Attachment as a framework to facilitate empowerment for people with severe mental illness
ConclusionsAlthough our design does not allow causal conclusions, our results highlight the importance of interpersonal processes and behaviours as routes to improving empowerment for people with SMI. A promising approach might thus consist of securing attachment bonds with significant others so that the self and the other are perceived as reliable resources. Our findings also feature the importance of reciprocity and equality in social relationships. Taken together, our study emphasizes the value of social, contextualized interventions in recovery work for people with SMI.Practitioner points Working towards attachment s...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - October 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Cathelijn D. Tjaden, Cornelis L. Mulder, Philippe A.E.G. Delespaul, Arnoud R. Arntz, Hans Kroon Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The challenges and opportunities of social connection when hearing derogatory and threatening voices: A thematic analysis with patients experiencing psychosis
ConclusionsThere are understandable reasons why hearing DTVs leads to lower social connection. Yet isolating oneself can also be a time of vulnerability for DTVs. Social connection might be one vehicle for disengaging from and disputing derogatory and threatening voice content. The effect on voice hearing of social recovery interventions warrants further investigation.Practitioner points Participants shared 10 reasons why being around people is challenging when hearing derogatory and threatening voices. These typically affected both daily social experiences and contact with clinicians. Common initial responses to hearin...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - October 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Bryony Sheaves, Louise Johns, Emma Černis, Laura Griffith, The McPin Hearing Voices Lived Experience Advisory Panel, Daniel Freeman Tags: Qualitative paper Source Type: research

Attachment as a framework to facilitate empowerment for people with severe mental illness
ConclusionsAlthough our design does not allow causal conclusions, our results highlight the importance of interpersonal processes and behaviours as routes to improving empowerment for people with SMI. A promising approach might thus consist of securing attachment bonds with significant others so that the self and the other are perceived as reliable resources. Our findings also feature the importance of reciprocity and equality in social relationships. Taken together, our study emphasizes the value of social, contextualized interventions in recovery work for people with SMI.Practitioner points Working towards attachment s...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - October 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Cathelijn D. Tjaden, Cornelis L. Mulder, Philippe A.E.G. Delespaul, Arnoud R. Arntz, Hans Kroon Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The challenges and opportunities of social connection when hearing derogatory and threatening voices: A thematic analysis with patients experiencing psychosis
ConclusionsThere are understandable reasons why hearing DTVs leads to lower social connection. Yet isolating oneself can also be a time of vulnerability for DTVs. Social connection might be one vehicle for disengaging from and disputing derogatory and threatening voice content. The effect on voice hearing of social recovery interventions warrants further investigation.Practitioner points Participants shared 10 reasons why being around people is challenging when hearing derogatory and threatening voices. These typically affected both daily social experiences and contact with clinicians. Common initial responses to hearin...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - October 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Bryony Sheaves, Louise Johns, Emma Černis, Laura Griffith, The McPin Hearing Voices Lived Experience Advisory Panel, Daniel Freeman Tags: Qualitative paper Source Type: research

Attachment as a framework to facilitate empowerment for people with severe mental illness
ConclusionsAlthough our design does not allow causal conclusions, our results highlight the importance of interpersonal processes and behaviours as routes to improving empowerment for people with SMI. A promising approach might thus consist of securing attachment bonds with significant others so that the self and the other are perceived as reliable resources. Our findings also feature the importance of reciprocity and equality in social relationships. Taken together, our study emphasizes the value of social, contextualized interventions in recovery work for people with SMI.Practitioner points Working towards attachment s...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - October 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Cathelijn D. Tjaden, Cornelis L. Mulder, Philippe A.E.G. Delespaul, Arnoud R. Arntz, Hans Kroon Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The challenges and opportunities of social connection when hearing derogatory and threatening voices: A thematic analysis with patients experiencing psychosis
ConclusionsThere are understandable reasons why hearing DTVs leads to lower social connection. Yet isolating oneself can also be a time of vulnerability for DTVs. Social connection might be one vehicle for disengaging from and disputing derogatory and threatening voice content. The effect on voice hearing of social recovery interventions warrants further investigation.Practitioner points Participants shared 10 reasons why being around people is challenging when hearing derogatory and threatening voices. These typically affected both daily social experiences and contact with clinicians. Common initial responses to hearin...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - October 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Bryony Sheaves, Louise Johns, Emma Černis, Laura Griffith, The McPin Hearing Voices Lived Experience Advisory Panel, Daniel Freeman Tags: Qualitative paper Source Type: research

Group teletherapy for first ‐episode psychosis: Piloting its integration with coordinated specialty care during the COVID‐19 pandemic
Digital health has emerged in recent years as a tool to optimize care delivery and promote treatment adherence among individuals with first ‐episode psychosis (FEP). Recent mandates for social distancing and sheltering in place due to the COVID‐19 pandemic have catapulted efforts to provide ongoing coordinated specialty care (CSC) on virtual platforms. While prior evidence provides support for the general implementation of virtual i ndividual therapy, there is limited guidance and evidence for the adoption of group teletherapy. Here we describe our efforts to implement group teletherapy for two small cohorts of individ...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - October 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Helen J. Wood, Jessica M. Gannon, K.N. Roy Chengappa, Deepak K. Sarpal Tags: Brief report Source Type: research

The torchlight model of mapping in cognitive analytic therapy (CAT) reformulation: A qualitative investigation
ConclusionsThe model offers an empirical underpinning to existing accounts of CAT mapping, and a potential tool for training.Practitioner points Theprocess by which individual CAT reformulation diagrams are started appears to be as unique to the therapist ‐client dyad as thecontents of the map, on the basis of the findings. Mapping faithfully enacts the dialogical and developmental theoretical principles underpinning the CAT approach. The Torchlight model is the first empirically based model of the processes taking place in the creation of CAT reformulation diagrams, in the early stages. (Source: Psychology and Psy...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - October 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Steve Jefferis, Zara Fantarrow, Lynne Johnston Tags: Special Issue Paper Source Type: research

Group teletherapy for first ‐episode psychosis: Piloting its integration with coordinated specialty care during the COVID‐19 pandemic
Digital health has emerged in recent years as a tool to optimize care delivery and promote treatment adherence among individuals with first ‐episode psychosis (FEP). Recent mandates for social distancing and sheltering in place due to the COVID‐19 pandemic have catapulted efforts to provide ongoing coordinated specialty care (CSC) on virtual platforms. While prior evidence provides support for the general implementation of virtual i ndividual therapy, there is limited guidance and evidence for the adoption of group teletherapy. Here we describe our efforts to implement group teletherapy for two small cohorts of individ...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - October 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Helen J. Wood, Jessica M. Gannon, K.N. Roy Chengappa, Deepak K. Sarpal Tags: Brief report Source Type: research

The torchlight model of mapping in cognitive analytic therapy (CAT) reformulation: A qualitative investigation
ConclusionsThe model offers an empirical underpinning to existing accounts of CAT mapping, and a potential tool for training.Practitioner points Theprocess by which individual CAT reformulation diagrams are started appears to be as unique to the therapist ‐client dyad as thecontents of the map, on the basis of the findings. Mapping faithfully enacts the dialogical and developmental theoretical principles underpinning the CAT approach. The Torchlight model is the first empirically based model of the processes taking place in the creation of CAT reformulation diagrams, in the early stages. (Source: Psychology and Psy...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - October 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Steve Jefferis, Zara Fantarrow, Lynne Johnston Tags: Special Issue Paper Source Type: research

Group teletherapy for first ‐episode psychosis: Piloting its integration with coordinated specialty care during the COVID‐19 pandemic
Digital health has emerged in recent years as a tool to optimize care delivery and promote treatment adherence among individuals with first ‐episode psychosis (FEP). Recent mandates for social distancing and sheltering in place due to the COVID‐19 pandemic have catapulted efforts to provide ongoing coordinated specialty care (CSC) on virtual platforms. While prior evidence provides support for the general implementation of virtual i ndividual therapy, there is limited guidance and evidence for the adoption of group teletherapy. Here we describe our efforts to implement group teletherapy for two small cohorts of individ...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - October 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Helen J. Wood, Jessica M. Gannon, K.N. Roy Chengappa, Deepak K. Sarpal Tags: Brief report Source Type: research

The torchlight model of mapping in cognitive analytic therapy (CAT) reformulation: A qualitative investigation
ConclusionsThe model offers an empirical underpinning to existing accounts of CAT mapping, and a potential tool for training.Practitioner points Theprocess by which individual CAT reformulation diagrams are started appears to be as unique to the therapist ‐client dyad as thecontents of the map, on the basis of the findings. Mapping faithfully enacts the dialogical and developmental theoretical principles underpinning the CAT approach. The Torchlight model is the first empirically based model of the processes taking place in the creation of CAT reformulation diagrams, in the early stages. (Source: Psychology and Psy...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - October 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Steve Jefferis, Zara Fantarrow, Lynne Johnston Tags: Special Issue Paper Source Type: research

“It felt very special, it felt customised to me”—A qualitative investigation of the experiences of participating in a clinical trial of CBT for young people at risk of bipolar disorder
ConclusionsFindings highlight the importance and value of flexibility, adaptability, and understanding in relationships between participants and trial staff. Findings also indicate that the trial processes and CBT focusing on mood swings are acceptable and relevant to participants from this at risk population.Practitioner points Young people at risk of bipolar disorder value a flexible approach to assessments and therapy, developing a rapport with research assistants and therapists and opening up to them when they feel comfortable to do so. CBT focusing on coping with mood swings was acceptable to the majority of partic...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - October 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Wendy Theresa Jones, Sarah Peters, Rory Edward Byrne, David Shiers, Heather Law, Sophie Parker Tags: Qualitative Paper Source Type: research

Emotional exhaustion among the South Korean workforce before and after COVID ‐19
Since the outbreak of the COVID ‐19 pandemic in South Korea in January 2020, many South Korean employees have been experiencing work stressors, threats of job insecurity, and feelings of isolation, which together lead to emotional exhaustion. The present study aimed to compare the emotional exhaustion of South Korean employees b efore and after the pandemic, as well as to examine how the demographic characteristics of employees affected their emotional exhaustion. We administered surveys to 276 employees before the COVID‐19 pandemic (from July to October 2019) and 301 employees after its onset (from March to April 2020...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - September 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hansol Hwang, Won ‐Moo Hur, Yuhyung Shin Tags: Brief report Source Type: research

An exploration of group cognitive analytic therapy for anxiety and depression
ConclusionsGroup cognitive analytic therapy shows promise as an acceptable and feasible treatment for clients with mood and anxiety disorders presenting to primary care services. Further larger and more controlled studies are indicated.Practitioner points The study supports the idea that GCAT is an acceptable and feasible treatment for clients with mood and anxiety disorders in a primary care setting. Clients indicated the utility of various aspects of GCAT The study provides tentative evidence for the effectiveness of GCAT in ameliorating symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression in primary care. (Source: Psychology...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - September 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Elaine Martin, Gary Byrne, Graham Connon, Liz Power Tags: Special Issue Paper Source Type: research

COVID ‐19 distress and worries: The role of attitudes, social support, and positive coping during social isolation
In this study, we explored the level of psychological distress that people experienced in social isolation and the factors which might ameliorate or exacerbate it. Two hundred and thirteen participants (69% female) with a mean age of 37.82 y ears participated in an online study. They completed a series of questions designed as part of a larger cross‐national study. A positive attitude towards social isolation introduced by government as a strategy to reduce the transmission ofCOVID ‐19 was predictive of positive coping strategies, and both attitude and coping predicted reduced psychological distress. Participants ...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - September 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kathleen A. Moore, James J. Lucas Tags: Brief report Source Type: research

An exploration of group cognitive analytic therapy for anxiety and depression
ConclusionsGroup cognitive analytic therapy shows promise as an acceptable and feasible treatment for clients with mood and anxiety disorders presenting to primary care services. Further larger and more controlled studies are indicated.Practitioner points The study supports the idea that GCAT is an acceptable and feasible treatment for clients with mood and anxiety disorders in a primary care setting. Clients indicated the utility of various aspects of GCAT The study provides tentative evidence for the effectiveness of GCAT in ameliorating symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression in primary care. (Source: Psychology...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - September 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Elaine Martin, Gary Byrne, Graham Connon, Liz Power Tags: Special Issue Paper Source Type: research

COVID ‐19 distress and worries: The role of attitudes, social support, and positive coping during social isolation
In this study, we explored the level of psychological distress that people experienced in social isolation and the factors which might ameliorate or exacerbate it. Two hundred and thirteen participants (69% female) with a mean age of 37.82 y ears participated in an online study. They completed a series of questions designed as part of a larger cross‐national study. A positive attitude towards social isolation introduced by government as a strategy to reduce the transmission ofCOVID ‐19 was predictive of positive coping strategies, and both attitude and coping predicted reduced psychological distress. Participants ...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - September 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kathleen A. Moore, James J. Lucas Tags: Brief report Source Type: research

An exploration of group cognitive analytic therapy for anxiety and depression
ConclusionsGroup cognitive analytic therapy shows promise as an acceptable and feasible treatment for clients with mood and anxiety disorders presenting to primary care services. Further larger and more controlled studies are indicated.Practitioner points The study supports the idea that GCAT is an acceptable and feasible treatment for clients with mood and anxiety disorders in a primary care setting. Clients indicated the utility of various aspects of GCAT The study provides tentative evidence for the effectiveness of GCAT in ameliorating symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression in primary care. (Source: Psychology...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - September 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Elaine Martin, Gary Byrne, Graham Connon, Liz Power Tags: Special Issue Paper Source Type: research

COVID ‐19 distress and worries: The role of attitudes, social support, and positive coping during social isolation
In this study, we explored the level of psychological distress that people experienced in social isolation and the factors which might ameliorate or exacerbate it. Two hundred and thirteen participants (69% female) with a mean age of 37.82 y ears participated in an online study. They completed a series of questions designed as part of a larger cross‐national study. A positive attitude towards social isolation introduced by government as a strategy to reduce the transmission ofCOVID ‐19 was predictive of positive coping strategies, and both attitude and coping predicted reduced psychological distress. Participants ...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - September 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kathleen A. Moore, James J. Lucas Tags: Brief report Source Type: research

A systematic review of service user ’s experience of cognitive analytic therapy (CAT)
ConclusionsCAT is helpful in supporting service users to understand their patterns and to identify useful coping skills. However, some service users can experience strong emotions in therapy and struggle to trust their therapist. Greater attention to working within the service users ’ zone of proximal development (ZPD) and engendering hope during the reformulation stage may attenuate some of these risks. Recommendations are made for future research directions.Practitioner points CAT therapy enables users to develop insight to their reciprocal roles and patterns and helpful coping skills. The service user ’s ...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - September 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Nadia Balmain, Yvonne Melia, Helen Dent, Karen Smith Tags: Special issue paper Source Type: research

Developing a competence framework for cognitive analytic therapy
ConclusionsThe framework enables trainees, service users, service managers, and commissioners to better understand a) the core features of CAT and b) what competences need to be in place for CAT to be skilfully delivered in practice.Practitioner points It is possible to define the core competences of CAT. Whilst generic competences are important, there are five CAT ‐specific domains of competence. The CAT‐specific competences reflect the three‐phase structure of the therapy: reformulation, recognition, and revision. (Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice)
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - September 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Glenys Parry, Dawn Bennett, Anthony D. Roth, Stephen Kellett Tags: Special issue paper Source Type: research

A systematic review of service user ’s experience of cognitive analytic therapy (CAT)
ConclusionsCAT is helpful in supporting service users to understand their patterns and to identify useful coping skills. However, some service users can experience strong emotions in therapy and struggle to trust their therapist. Greater attention to working within the service users ’ zone of proximal development (ZPD) and engendering hope during the reformulation stage may attenuate some of these risks. Recommendations are made for future research directions.Practitioner points CAT therapy enables users to develop insight to their reciprocal roles and patterns and helpful coping skills. The service user ’s ...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - September 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Nadia Balmain, Yvonne Melia, Helen Dent, Karen Smith Tags: Special issue paper Source Type: research

Developing a competence framework for cognitive analytic therapy
ConclusionsThe framework enables trainees, service users, service managers, and commissioners to better understand a) the core features of CAT and b) what competences need to be in place for CAT to be skilfully delivered in practice.Practitioner points It is possible to define the core competences of CAT. Whilst generic competences are important, there are five CAT ‐specific domains of competence. The CAT‐specific competences reflect the three‐phase structure of the therapy: reformulation, recognition, and revision. (Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice)
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - September 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Glenys Parry, Dawn Bennett, Anthony D. Roth, Stephen Kellett Tags: Special issue paper Source Type: research

A systematic review of service user ’s experience of cognitive analytic therapy (CAT)
ConclusionsCAT is helpful in supporting service users to understand their patterns and to identify useful coping skills. However, some service users can experience strong emotions in therapy and struggle to trust their therapist. Greater attention to working within the service users ’ zone of proximal development (ZPD) and engendering hope during the reformulation stage may attenuate some of these risks. Recommendations are made for future research directions.Practitioner points CAT therapy enables users to develop insight to their reciprocal roles and patterns and helpful coping skills. The service user ’s ...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - September 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Nadia Balmain, Yvonne Melia, Helen Dent, Karen Smith Tags: Special issue paper Source Type: research

A qualitative study exploring adolescents ’ experience of brief behavioural activation for depression and its impact on the symptom of anhedonia
ConclusionsBoth specific Brief Behavioural Activation strategies (e.g., connecting with values) and more generic therapeutic strategies (e.g., self ‐monitoring) may be helpful in treating the symptom of anhedonia in adolescent depression. Motivational aspects of anhedonia, as well as anxiety, fatigue, and academic pressures act as potential barriers to recovery. This highlights the need for psychological treatments for adolescent depression t o include explicit and targeted strategies to enhance motivation.Practitioner points Young people reported that specific Brief Behavioural Activation strategies (e.g., connecting ...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - September 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Rebecca Watson, Kate Harvey, Laura Pass, Ciara McCabe, Shirley Reynolds Tags: Original article Source Type: research