The Influence of Interpersonal Patterns on the Therapy Process in a Case of Childhood Trauma
Research concerning the influence of core interpersonal patterns related to childhood trauma on the therapeutic process is scarce. We investigated interpersonal patterns at the start of treatment, changes in interpersonal patterns as treatment progressed, and the change process in a mixed-methods single case study of a supportive-expressive psychodynamic psychotherapy with a 33-year-old female with a history of childhood trauma. The patient showed a pervasive inability to open up towards others throughout the entire treatment, which is closely associated with others ’ actual or anticipated rejection, disrespect and d...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - October 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Validation and Measurement Invariance of the Leuven Obsessional Intrusions Inventory in Two Different Cultures
Obsessions – recurrent unwanted intrusive thoughts – are one of the two pillars of the Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Although OCD has been reported across many different cultures, research on these cultural variations is hampered by the lack of cross-culturally sound instruments to assess intrusive thoughts. The aim of the current study is to investigate the psychometric properties of the recently developed Leuven Obsessional Intrusions Instrument (LOII) in two different cultural contexts. Turkish (N = 663) and Belgian (N = 496) participants were sampled from non-clinical student populations. Results fro...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - October 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Body Dissatisfaction as a Mediator between Identity Formation and Eating Disorder Symptomatology in Adolescents and Emerging Adults
Conclusion: The present study indicated that body dissatisfaction mediated the relationship between identity formation and eating disorder symptomatology during mid-to-late adolescence and emerging adulthood. Provided that the present findings can be replicated in a future longitudinal study, they demonstrate that both identity formation and body dissatisfaction should be taken into account in prevention and intervention programs targeting eating disorder symptomatology. Published on 2020-09-29 09:32:35 (Source: Psychologica Belgica)
Source: Psychologica Belgica - September 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Brief Version of the Implicit Positive and Negative Affect Test (IPANAT-18)
As self-reports of affect are limited in several regards, an indirect measure of affect, the Implicit Positive and Negative Affect Test (IPANAT; Quirin, Kaz én,& Kuhl, 2009) has previously been developed and adapted to more than 10 languages (Quirin et al., 2018), showing adequate reliability and validity. Based on a sample of 242 Spanish adults (111 males), we evaluate a trimmed 18 items version of the IPANAT (IPANAT-18). Item reductive procedures consisted in a random selection of the stimuli words used in the IPANAT. Psychometric properties of the IPANAT-18 were evaluated via Confirmatory Factor Analysis. In ...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - September 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Verbal Working Memory but Not Attention Is Related to Language Proficiency: Evidence from Multilingual Speakers
This study investigated the association between WM, attention and language proficiency in young adults raised with three different languages (Luxembourgish, German and French). Auditory-verbal WM abilities were assessed via an immediate serial recall task. Attentional abilities were assessed via auditory-verbal and visuo-spatial attentional tasks. Using a Bayesian correlational approach, we observed robust evidence for an association between auditory-verbal WM abilities and non-native language proficiency. At the same time, we observed no reliable evidence in favor of an association between language proficiency and auditor...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - September 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Children ’s Attention to Mother and Adolescent Stress Moderate the Attachment-Depressive Symptoms Link
The breadth of children ’s attentional field around their mother determines whether securely or insecurely attached children are at risk to develop depressive symptoms when confronted with distress in adolescence. To test this effect longitudinally, we measured children’s (Mage = 10.93;N = 109) baseline attentional breadth around their mother, attachment status (combining attachment coherence, secure base script knowledge, and self-reported trust), and self-reported depressive symptoms. One and two years later, we measured self-reported distress and depressive symptoms. We tested three-way interactions between ...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - September 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

An Empirical Study on the Relationship between Causes of Teacher Examination Anxiety and Dimensions of Coping with Pre-Exam Anxiety: A Structural Equation Modelling Approach
In recent years, examination anxiety among teachers assumes a critical sphere in the global academic environment. The causes of teacher examination anxiety in education have been reviewed by a few scholars. This shows that teacher examination anxiety and its impact on academic development are limited in research. Therefore, this study investigated the linear relationship between two self-report instruments – the causes of teacher examination anxiety and dimensions of coping with pre-exam anxiety. The study adopted a quantitative approach with three-hundred teachers from four secondary schools in Nigeria and twenty te...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

He, She, “They” at the Bargaining Table… Woman, Man or Just Negotiators? A Critical Review on Gender Ideologies in Mixed-Gender Negotiations
In recent years, an important number of studies aimed at levelling the playing field for women and men at the bargaining table. In spite of this, women continue to find themselves largely at a disadvantage when negotiating with a male counterpart. In this review, we focus on a neglected yet potentially important factor contributing to the gender gap in negotiations, namely people ’s gender ideology. We argue that gender ideology shapes day-to-day negotiations and we offer insights regarding its consequences on the bargaining process. We first present the available contributions regarding gender in negotiations and un...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - July 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Normal Personality, the Dark Triad, Proactive Attitude and Perceived Employability: A Cross-Cultural Study in Belgium, Switzerland and Togo
This study illustrates that the link between personality and emp loyability may be mediated by proactive attitude and that these links may be quite robust across cultures. Published on 2020-07-22 13:52:45 (Source: Psychologica Belgica)
Source: Psychologica Belgica - July 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

An Explorative Study on the Relationship between Learning Opportunities at School and at Work and Adolescents ’ Mental Health
Based on the Job Demands-Resources model, this study examined the association of learning opportunities of adolescents at school and work with their mental health, operationalized in terms of life satisfaction and depression. Intrinsic motivation at school and at work were studied as potential mediators. Within a representative sample of adolescents (n = 474), the results supported within domain relationships in the sense that learning opportunities at school and at work were positively related to intrinsic motivation at school and at work, respectively, which in turn were related to higher levels of life satisfaction and ...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - July 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the Dutch Cognitive Avoidance Questionnaire
Various psychological disorders, such as major depressive disorder and anxiety disorders, share cognitive avoidance as one of the main mechanisms underlying symptom severity and maintenance. A valid and reliable measure that covers a broad array of cognitive avoidance strategies is therefore instrumental, though currently greedily missing. The Questionnaire d ’Évitement Cognitif (QEC) was developed as a comprehensive instrument measuring five cognitive avoidance strategies. The current study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Dutch Cognitive Avoidance Questionnaire (CAQ-NL) in three samples (...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - July 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

What Are the Optimal Levels of Time Perspectives? Deviation from the Balanced Time Perspective-Revisited (DBTP-r)
Balanced time perspective (BTP) describes a tendency to focus on past, present and future time horizons that fosters well-being and positive life outcomes. Deviation from the balanced time perspective is a widespread method to measure the balance, but it makes assumptions regarding levels of time perspectives constituting BTP. In the present research we aimed to test the assumptions regarding levels of time perspectives constituting BTP by testing associations between time perspectives and domains of well-being in four independent samples (N = 1150). The results showed that higher well-being was fostered by greater past po...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - June 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Clustering Infertile Couples With Dyadic Approach: WHO-5-WBI as a Promising Tool for Assessing Psychological State
Infertility may be associated with severe psychological burden and many couples need mental support. We used dyadic approach to identify couples with disturbed psychological condition and we tested the WHO-5 Well-Being Index (WHO-5-WBI) questionnaire as a possible, rapid screening method. Extensive psychological assessment of infertile couples was carried out with Beck ’s Depression Inventory, Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, WHO-5-WBI, Symptom Check List-90 Revised Test, Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test. Data of 128 patients (64 couples) were used in the st...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - June 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cultural Differences in The Content of Employees ’ Psychological Contract: A Qualitative Study Comparing Belgium and China
This study qualitatively explores differences in psychological contract (PC) content between Belgian and Chinese employees, while attempting to understand these differences from the perspective of cultural values. We build on theory concerning horizontal and vertical individualism/collectivism to interpret differences in PC content. 21 Chinese and 20 Belgian employees were interviewed, with results indicating that Belgian interviewees ’ PCs tend to be balanced with an emphasis on egalitarian interpersonal relationships, reflecting a horizontal collectivist culture. We propose that a “culture of compromise&rdquo...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychometrics of MOOCs: Measuring Learners ’ Proficiency
Massive open online courses (MOOCs) generate learners ’ performance data that can be used to understand learners’ proficiency and to improve their efficiency. However, the approaches currently used, such as assessing the proportion of correct responses in assessments, are oversimplified and may lead to poor conclusions and decisions because they do not account for additional information on learner, content, and context. There is a need for theoretically grounded data-driven explainable educational measurement approaches for MOOCs. In this conceptual paper, we try to establish a connection between psychometrics,...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - May 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Body and Social Anhedonia of Depression: A Bifactor Model Analysis
The purpose of this study was to develop a statistical model of anhedonia of depression. The study included 748 healthy controls (350 women, 46.79%, age 21.27 ± 4.72) and 80 patients (32 women, 40%, age 38.36 ± 16.42). The Physical Anhedonia Scale (PhAS), the Social Anhedonia Scale (CSAS), the Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS) and the Beck Depression Inventory(BDI) were administered. Classical Measurement Theory (CTT) and Item Response Theory ( IRT) were applied to the collected data. We observed that the general factor of depression status was significantly related with positive emotion (r = –0.37, P
Source: Psychologica Belgica - April 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

On the Characteristics of the Cognitive Dissonance State: Exploration Within the Pleasure Arousal Dominance Model
Little is actually known about the nature and characteristics of the cognitive dissonance state. In this paper, we review the actual knowledge and the main limitations of past studies. Then, we present two studies that investigate the characteristics of the cognitive dissonance state from the perspective the Pleasure Arousal Dominance model of emotion. Study 1 (N = 102) used the hypocrisy paradigm and Study 2 (N = 130) used a counterattitudinal essay. In Study 1, participants in the Dissonance condition reported less Pleasure with each inconsistent behaviour remembered. In Study 2, participants in the Dissonance condition ...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - March 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Influence of Coping and Personality Styles on Satisfaction with Life in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease
The objective of this expost facto study was to find out how different coping and personality styles influence satisfaction with life in a group of 55 people with chronic kidney disease, 34 of whom were receiving haemodialysis and 21 had undergone a kidney transplant. The participants completed three questionnaires, the SWLS, CAEPO and MIPS. The results showed the relationship between active coping strategies and satisfaction with life in haemodialysis patients, kidney transplant recipients and the total sample. A Pleasure-Enhancing personality style was significantly related to Satisfaction with Life, both in the total sa...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - March 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How Good It Would Be to Turn Back Time: Adult Attachment and Perfectionism in Mothers and Their Relationships with the Processes of Parental Identity Formation
Parental identity formation may be a factor of the utmost importance in helping us to understand the mechanisms of adaptation to parenthood. However, our knowledge regarding the processes involved in the development of parental identity is very limited. In the present study the relationships between three dimensions of parental identity (commitment, in-depth exploration, reconsideration of commitment), and two trait-like characteristics that determine the quality of family life, i.e. romantic adult attachment and perfectionism were analyzed. 206 mothers aged 22 to 40 participated in the study (M = 33.33,SD = 3.68). The res...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - February 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Features of Flemish Emerging Adults and their Association with Demographic Markers
As the Inventory of Dimensions of Emerging Adulthood (IDEA) was developed to assess features of emerging adulthood, international differences have been observed between emerging adults over the world. To assess the IDEA ’s applicability to emerging adults in Flanders, a Dutch translation was administered to 489 participants between 17 and 26 years old, and exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed. Important latent factors in the version used in the United States of America, such as focus on oth ers, were not observed. Four subscales were created to reflect psychological features of our sample, comb...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - February 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Correction: Cognitive Advantage in Children Enrolled in a Second-Language Immersion Elementary School Program for One Year
This article details a correction to the article: Barbu, C., Gonzalez, A., Gillet, S. and Poncelet, M., 2019. Cognitive Advantage in Children Enrolled in a Second-Language Immersion Elementary School Program for One Year. Psychologica Belgica, 59(1), pp. 416 –435. DOI:http://doi.org/10.5334/pb.469 Published on 2020-01-27 12:48:03 (Source: Psychologica Belgica)
Source: Psychologica Belgica - January 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Thanks to Reviewers 2019
All manuscripts published in Psychologica Belgica have been assessed conscientiously and unselfishly by expert reviewers. The quality of our journal totally depends on their valuable and constructive criticisms to the authors. Both the editors and the authors highly appreciate the input and dedication of all our reviewers. Many thanks. Published on 2020-01-24 11:07:26 (Source: Psychologica Belgica)
Source: Psychologica Belgica - January 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Submissive Behavior and Cyber Bullying: A Study on the Mediator Roles of Cyber Victimization and Moral Disengagement
In order to prevent cyberbullying and cyber-victim behaviors that are very common among adolescents, it is important to investigate the factors that underlie these behaviors. The purpose of the present study was to examine the mediator roles of cyber victimization and moral disengagement in the relationship between submissive behavior and cyber bullying. The participants involved 370 Turkish adolescent (female: 47%; male, 53%). The age of participants ranged between 12 and 19 years (M = 15.92, SD = 1.87). Data were collected using the Submissive Behavior Scale, the Cyber Bullying Scale, the Cyber Victimization Scale, and t...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - January 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Clarifying the Role of Negative Emotions in the Origin and Control of Impulsive Actions
This critical review elaborates on the origin of impulsive actions and how these can be controlled. We focus in particular on the role of negative events. First, we outline how impulsive actions often originate from negative events that are (emotionally) appraised. A discrepancy between this current state and a desired goal state leads to action tendencies. The urgency of the resulting action depends on the importance of the goal and the size of the discrepancy. Second, we discuss how such impulsive actions can be regulated or controlled e.g. by biasing competition between different options, or by completely suppressing al...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - January 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Norm and Deviance-Seeking Personal Orientation Scale (NDPOS) Adapted to the Organisational Context
This article discusses the creation of the Norm and Deviance-Seeking Personal Orientation Scale (NDPOS). To create this sc ale, we studied the psychometric properties of the instrument using data from French workers. NDPOS exploratory analysis indicated a 12-item scale composed of four factors: normative conformity, normative rule adequacy, deviant performance seeking, and deviant proactivity seeking. Confirmatory facto r analysis corroborated the factorial structure in four sub-scales. Convergent and discriminant validity indicated that deviant dimensions were positively related to expressing voice, cognitive flexibility,...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - October 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive Advantage in Children Enrolled in a Second-Language Immersion Elementary School Program for One Year
This study aimed to determine whether similar benefits might be present after only 1 year of immersion education. The study also observed whether these potential advantages might also have a positive effect on the academic achievement. Participants included 59 immersed children and 57 monolingual controls. The two groups were compared using the same tasks as those employed by Nicolay and Poncelet (2015). The immersed children showed faster responses in comparison to monolinguals on the selective auditory task. No significant differences were observed on the other attentional, executive, or academic tasks. These outcomes su...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - October 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychometrics Anonymous: Does a Transparent Data Sharing Policy Affect Data Collection?
As researchers, we are advised to share our data to improve transparency and increase the reproducibility of experiments. Simultaneously, making data freely accessible can raise ethical questions regarding the participants ’ privacy. We first outline the challenges regarding “open data” for researchers in light of the GDPR. Then, we turn to the impact of an open-access data sharing policy on the participants: could the participants’ knowledge about the future use of the data alter the data itself? Through two pre-registered studies (N = 193, collected on campus and N = 543, online participation), we...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - September 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Social Psychological Model of Scientific Practices: Explaining Research Practices and Outlining the Potential for Successful Reforms
A crescendo of incidents have raised concerns about whether scientific practices in psychology may be suboptimal, sometimes leading to the publication, dissemination, and application of unreliable or misinterpreted findings. Psychology has been a leader in identifying possibly suboptimal practices and proposing reforms that might enhance the efficiency of the scientific process and the publication of robust evidence and interpretations. To help shape future efforts, this paper offers a model of the psychological and socio-structural forces and processes that may influence scientists ’ practices. The model identifies ...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - September 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Preregistration of Analyses of Preexisting Data
The preregistration of a study ’s hypotheses, methods, and data-analyses steps is becoming a popular psychological research practice. To date, most of the discussion on study preregistration has focused on the preregistration of studies that include the collection of original data. However, much of the research in psychology re lies on the (re-)analysis of preexisting data. Importantly, this type of studies is different from original studies as researchers cannot change major aspects of the study (e.g., experimental manipulations, sample size). Here, we provide arguments as to why it is useful to preregister analyses...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - August 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Open Up – the Mission Statement of the Control of Impulsive Action (Ctrl-ImpAct) Lab on Open Science
The present paper is the mission statement of the Control of Impulsive Action (Ctrl-ImpAct) Lab regarding Open Science. As early-career researchers (ECRs) in the lab, we first state our personal motivation to conduct research based on the principles of Open Science. We then describe how we incorporate four specific Open Science practices (i.e., Open Methodology, Open Data, Open Source, and Open Access) into our scientific workflow. In more detail, we explain how Open Science practices are embedded into the so-called ‘co-pilot’ system in our lab. The ‘co-pilot’ researcher is involved in all tasks of ...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - August 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

High-Performance Work Systems and Well-Being: Mediating Role of Work-to-Family Interface
Regarding the effects of High-Performance Work Systems (HPWS), we can draw two conclusions. First, existing studies on the effects of HPWS on employees ’ well-being at work are scarce. Second, few studies have considered the relationships between HPWS and work-to-family interface (i.e., work-to-family enrichment, WFE; and work-to-family conflict, WFC). Only one previous study conducted on a Portuguese sample (i.e., Carvalho& Chambel, 2016) has examined the relationships between these concepts in a comprehensive model. Our study aims to replicate one part of Carvalho and Chambel ’s model but also to extend p...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - August 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Recognition Times for 54 Thousand Dutch Words: Data from the Dutch Crowdsourcing Project
We present a new database of Dutch word recognition times for a total of 54 thousand words, called the Dutch Crowdsourcing Project. The data were collected with an internet vocabulary test. The database is limited to native Dutch speakers. Participants were asked to indicate which words they knew. Their response times were registered, even though the participants were not asked to respond as fast as possible. Still, the response times correlate around .7 with the response times of the Dutch Lexicon Projects for shared words. Also results of virtual experiments indicate that the new response times are a valid addition to th...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - July 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Influence of Multiculturalism and Assimilation on Work-Related Outcomes: Differences Between Ethnic Minority and Majority Groups of Workers
This study aims at acquiring knowledge on how to manage ethnic diversity at work in order to promote work-outcomes in minority and majority groups of workers. We tested a model on how assimilation and multiculturalism, endorsed at an organizational level, predict job satisfaction and intention to quit through a mediation role played by the identification of workers with both the organization and their ethnic group simultaneously (i.e., dual identity). We hypothesized that the indirect effects of multiculturalism on work outcomes via dual identity are stronger for minority and those of assimilation are stronger for majority...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - July 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Screen Recordings as a Tool to Document Computer Assisted Data Collection Procedures
Recently in psychological science and many related fields, a surprisingly large amount of experiments could not be replicated by independent researchers. A non-replication could indicate that a previous finding might have been a false positive statistical result and the effect does not exist. However, it could also mean that a specific detail of the experimental procedure is essential for the effect to emerge, which might not have been included in the replication attempt. Therefore any replication attempt that does not replicate the original effect is most informative when the original procedure is closely adhered to. One ...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - July 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Detachment from Work: A Diary Study on Telepressure, Smartphone Use and Empathy
Being constantly connected to work via computer-mediated communication (e.g., email) is typical for many employees in numerous organizations. In this diary study, we examined the associations between daily work-related telepressure, daily work-related smartphone use during off-job hours and daily psychological detachment within a group of smartphone users. In addition, employees ’ empathy was investigated as a potential cross-level moderator in the relationship between work-related telepressure and work-related smartphone use. A sample of 80 employees, representing a wide range of occupations and organizations, compl...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - June 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How Do Time Limits Affect Our Psychotherapies? A Literature Review
The application of time limits (i.e. restricting the amount of sessions before the beginning of psychotherapy) has become ingrained in psychotherapy research and in the context of managed care, mostly due to pragmatic and economic reasons. However, little is know on how this technique interferes with the psychotherapeutic process. Although several theorists have considered the possible advantages and drawbacks of the technique, research explaining these mechanisms is scattered. By conducting this review, we strived to answer two questions: (1) Does a time limit alter the psychotherapeutic process? And (2) In what way? In d...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - June 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Verbal and Musical Short-Term Memory: Evidence for Shared Serial Order Processes?
This study explored the validity of an integrative framework for verbal and musical short-term memory (STM). Following this framework, access to domain-specific long-term knowledge bases supports the processing of musical and verbal  item information in STM, while domain-general ordering processes support the representation of serial order information in the two domains. We exposed participants to verbal and musical STM tasks assessing either item information, order information, or both item and order information. Using an i nterindividual differences approach, we observed that performance in item-based STM ...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - May 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Toward Empirical Evidence for Teachers ’ Mental Representations of Dyadic Relationships With Students: Two Priming Experiments
The attachment-based perspective on teacher-student relationships assumes that teachers internalize experiences with specific students into mental representations of dyadic relationships. Once activated, mental representations are believed to influence teachers ’ affective and cognitive social information processing. Two priming experiments with 57 elementary school teachers were conducted to test these assumptions. To activate teachers’ mental representations of dyadic relationships, teachers were primed with photographs of students with whom they hav e a positive and negative relationship (two experimental co...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - May 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Behavioral and Cerebral Impairments Associated with Binge Drinking in Youth: A Critical Review
Binge drinking is a widespread alcohol consumption pattern in youth that is linked to important behavioral and cerebral impairments, in both the short and the long term. From a critical review of the current literature on this topic, we conclude that binge drinkers display executive impairments, cerebral modifications, and problems with emotion-related processes. Five key empirical and theoretical topics are discussed to pave the way for future research in the field: (1) the specificity of the brain modifications observed in binge drinkers that may index a compensatory mechanism or result from multiple withdrawals; (2) the...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - March 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Daily Affect and Self-Esteem in Early Adolescence: Correlates of Mean Levels and Within-Person Variability
Emotions and self-esteem are critical components of well-being and adaptation during adolescence. People differ in their average levels of affect and self-esteem, as well as in how much their affect and self-esteem fluctuate from moment to moment. Fluctuations in affect in particular have not been extensively examined in relation to adolescent-relevant variables. The present study investigates internalizing symptoms, social functioning, and overt and relational aggression as correlates of average levels and within-person variability in daily positive and negative affect (PA and NA) and self-esteem. Crucially, unique associ...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - February 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

What Predicts Visibility Management at Work? A Study of Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Flemish Government Employees
In this study, we tested a model that investigates the relationships between VM on the one hand, and specific job characteristics, experiencing the work environment as more or less LG friendly, and personal homonegative experiences on the other. In a non-representative sample of 4,080 employees of the Flemish government, 6.3% identified as gay or lesbian. Within this LG subsample (N = 265) we found that specific job characteristics (having a managerial position, or having a tenured or non-tenured position) were not associated with VM. Knowing other LGs within the work environment who are open about their sexual o...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - February 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Flemish Normative Data for the Buschke Selective Reminding Test
The purpose of this study was to provide normative data for a Flemish version of the Buschke Selective Reminding Test (SRT). The SRT allows for the simultaneous analysis of several components of verbal memory, such as short and long term retrieval. The Flemish SRT was administered to 3257 neurologically healthy adults (1627  men and 1630 women, age range = 18–94 years). Effects of age, sex and education on SRT performance were assessed. Results indicate that SRT performance decreased with age and that this decline accelerated in men compared to women. Furthermore, an effect of education was found ...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - February 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Parent-Child Physical Resemblance as Cues of Man ’s Paternity
The objective of the experiment was to conduct an initial investigation of that assumption. In the experiment, parti cipants were presented with descriptions in which information was manipulated concerning the similarity of child to mother vs. to father vs. to neither of them. A total of 312 students of both sexes took participation in the experiment, having agreed to take part in a short psychological study immed iately after classes were over. They were asked to read some short stories and to give their opinion as to whether the man described is the biological father of the child. It turned out that in conditions where t...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - January 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Ethnic Diversity, Ideological Climates, and Intergroup Relations: A Person × Context Approach
Intergroup relations represent one of the most difficult and complex knots which we are confronted with in contemporary society. Given that intergroup dynamics permeate all spheres of our daily social lives, it seems vital to systematically investigate how to best predict and explain when, why, and for whom intergroup relations symbolize conflict rather than harmony. This critical review evaluates how the societal context in which individuals live shapes how their personal social-ideological views, their values, norms and beliefs, are associated with their intergroup and related attitudes. Such an approach not only examine...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - January 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Universality and Uniqueness of Students ’ Situational Interest in Physical Education: A Comparative Study
Situational interest (SI) has been conceptualized in physical education (PE) as a multidimensional construct including five dimensions: instant enjoyment, exploration intention, attention demand, novelty and challenge. Consistent with Ding, Sun and Chen (2013), who argued for the need ‘to develop cross-culture models to examine the universality of the motivation constructs’, the purpose of this study was to investigate the universality and uniqueness of students’ SI by comparing three French-speaking PE contexts. Participants were 1812 secondary school students from Belgium , France, and Switzerland. They...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - January 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Does Change in Attention Control Mediate the Impact of tDCS on Attentional Bias for Threat? Limited Evidence from a Double-blind Sham-controlled Experiment in an Unselected Sample
Neurocognitive models of attentional bias for threat posit that attentional bias may result from a decreased activation of the left prefrontal cortex, and especially of its dorsolateral part (dlPFC), resulting in an impaired attention control. Consequently, a transient increase of neural activity within the left dlPFC via non-invasive brain stimulation reduces attentional bias among both anxious and nonanxious participants. Yet, it is still unclear whether the impact of dlPFC activation on attentional bias is mediated by improvement in attention control. In this experiment, we sought to test this hypothesis in an unselecte...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - January 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Thanks to Reviewers 2018
All manuscripts published in Psychologica Belgica have been assessed conscientiously and unselfishly by expert reviewers. The quality of our journal totally depends on their valuable and constructive criticisms to the authors. Both the editors  and the authors highly appreciate the input and dedication of all our reviewers. Many thanks. Published on 2018-12-05 00:00:00 (Source: Psychologica Belgica)
Source: Psychologica Belgica - December 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Conflict Detection and Logical Complexity
Empirical evidence for the capacity to detect conflict between biased reasoning and normative principles has led to the proposal that reasoners have an intuitive grasp of some basic logical principles. In two studies, we investigate the boundary conditions of these logical intuitions by manipulating the logical complexity of problems where logical validity and conclusion believability conflict or not. Results pointed to evidence for successful conflict detection on the basic Modus Ponens (MP) inference, but also showed evidence for such a phenomenon on the more complex Modus Tollens (MT) inference. This suggests that both ...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - November 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Social Support, Adjustment, and Psychological Distress of Help-Seeking Expatriates
The present study aimed to explore the interrelations between support processes, adjustment, and psychological distress within a sample of help-seeking expatriates. Specifically, we examined (1) the association between expatriates ’ cross-cultural adjustment (i.e., work, interaction and general adjustment) and levels of psychological distress (i.e., depression, anxiety and stress), (2) the association between expatriates’ perceptions of socioemotional and instrumental support availability and their level of cross-cultural adjustment, and (3) the moderating role of expatriates’ socioemotional and instrumen...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - October 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Different Clinical Presentations in Eating Disorder Patients with Non-Suicidal Self-Injury Based on the Co-Occurrence of Borderline Personality Disorder
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) features are common in patients with eating disorders (ED), yet little is known regarding the clinical presentation of ED patients who present with NSSI with and without BPD. The current study compared self-injurious, female ED inpatients with (n = 98; NSSI+BPD) and without BPD (n = 45; NSSI-only) on different self-reported clinical features. Results suggest that ED patients with NSSI+BPD differ from those with NSSI-only with regard to frequency of suicidal ideation, alcohol, drug or medication abuse, internalizing/externalizing psychopathology, inte...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - October 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research