Psychometrics Anonymous: Does a Transparent Data Sharing Policy Affect Data Collection?
As researchers, we are advised to share our data to improve transparency and increase the reproducibility of experiments. Simultaneously, making data freely accessible can raise ethical questions regarding the participants ’ privacy. We first outline the challenges regarding “open data” for researchers in light of the GDPR. Then, we turn to the impact of an open-access data sharing policy on the participants: could the participants’ knowledge about the future use of the data alter the data itself? Through two pre-registered studies (N = 193, collected on campus and N = 543, online participation), we...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - September 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Social Psychological Model of Scientific Practices: Explaining Research Practices and Outlining the Potential for Successful Reforms
A crescendo of incidents have raised concerns about whether scientific practices in psychology may be suboptimal, sometimes leading to the publication, dissemination, and application of unreliable or misinterpreted findings. Psychology has been a leader in identifying possibly suboptimal practices and proposing reforms that might enhance the efficiency of the scientific process and the publication of robust evidence and interpretations. To help shape future efforts, this paper offers a model of the psychological and socio-structural forces and processes that may influence scientists ’ practices. The model identifies ...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - September 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Preregistration of Analyses of Preexisting Data
The preregistration of a study ’s hypotheses, methods, and data-analyses steps is becoming a popular psychological research practice. To date, most of the discussion on study preregistration has focused on the preregistration of studies that include the collection of original data. However, much of the research in psychology re lies on the (re-)analysis of preexisting data. Importantly, this type of studies is different from original studies as researchers cannot change major aspects of the study (e.g., experimental manipulations, sample size). Here, we provide arguments as to why it is useful to preregister analyses...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - August 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Open Up – the Mission Statement of the Control of Impulsive Action (Ctrl-ImpAct) Lab on Open Science
The present paper is the mission statement of the Control of Impulsive Action (Ctrl-ImpAct) Lab regarding Open Science. As early-career researchers (ECRs) in the lab, we first state our personal motivation to conduct research based on the principles of Open Science. We then describe how we incorporate four specific Open Science practices (i.e., Open Methodology, Open Data, Open Source, and Open Access) into our scientific workflow. In more detail, we explain how Open Science practices are embedded into the so-called ‘co-pilot’ system in our lab. The ‘co-pilot’ researcher is involved in all tasks of ...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - August 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

High-Performance Work Systems and Well-Being: Mediating Role of Work-to-Family Interface
Regarding the effects of High-Performance Work Systems (HPWS), we can draw two conclusions. First, existing studies on the effects of HPWS on employees ’ well-being at work are scarce. Second, few studies have considered the relationships between HPWS and work-to-family interface (i.e., work-to-family enrichment, WFE; and work-to-family conflict, WFC). Only one previous study conducted on a Portuguese sample (i.e., Carvalho& Chambel, 2016) has examined the relationships between these concepts in a comprehensive model. Our study aims to replicate one part of Carvalho and Chambel ’s model but also to extend p...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - August 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Recognition Times for 54 Thousand Dutch Words: Data from the Dutch Crowdsourcing Project
We present a new database of Dutch word recognition times for a total of 54 thousand words, called the Dutch Crowdsourcing Project. The data were collected with an internet vocabulary test. The database is limited to native Dutch speakers. Participants were asked to indicate which words they knew. Their response times were registered, even though the participants were not asked to respond as fast as possible. Still, the response times correlate around .7 with the response times of the Dutch Lexicon Projects for shared words. Also results of virtual experiments indicate that the new response times are a valid addition to th...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - July 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Influence of Multiculturalism and Assimilation on Work-Related Outcomes: Differences Between Ethnic Minority and Majority Groups of Workers
This study aims at acquiring knowledge on how to manage ethnic diversity at work in order to promote work-outcomes in minority and majority groups of workers. We tested a model on how assimilation and multiculturalism, endorsed at an organizational level, predict job satisfaction and intention to quit through a mediation role played by the identification of workers with both the organization and their ethnic group simultaneously (i.e., dual identity). We hypothesized that the indirect effects of multiculturalism on work outcomes via dual identity are stronger for minority and those of assimilation are stronger for majority...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - July 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Screen Recordings as a Tool to Document Computer Assisted Data Collection Procedures
Recently in psychological science and many related fields, a surprisingly large amount of experiments could not be replicated by independent researchers. A non-replication could indicate that a previous finding might have been a false positive statistical result and the effect does not exist. However, it could also mean that a specific detail of the experimental procedure is essential for the effect to emerge, which might not have been included in the replication attempt. Therefore any replication attempt that does not replicate the original effect is most informative when the original procedure is closely adhered to. One ...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - July 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Detachment from Work: A Diary Study on Telepressure, Smartphone Use and Empathy
Being constantly connected to work via computer-mediated communication (e.g., email) is typical for many employees in numerous organizations. In this diary study, we examined the associations between daily work-related telepressure, daily work-related smartphone use during off-job hours and daily psychological detachment within a group of smartphone users. In addition, employees ’ empathy was investigated as a potential cross-level moderator in the relationship between work-related telepressure and work-related smartphone use. A sample of 80 employees, representing a wide range of occupations and organizations, compl...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - June 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How Do Time Limits Affect Our Psychotherapies? A Literature Review
The application of time limits (i.e. restricting the amount of sessions before the beginning of psychotherapy) has become ingrained in psychotherapy research and in the context of managed care, mostly due to pragmatic and economic reasons. However, little is know on how this technique interferes with the psychotherapeutic process. Although several theorists have considered the possible advantages and drawbacks of the technique, research explaining these mechanisms is scattered. By conducting this review, we strived to answer two questions: (1) Does a time limit alter the psychotherapeutic process? And (2) In what way? In d...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - June 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Verbal and Musical Short-Term Memory: Evidence for Shared Serial Order Processes?
This study explored the validity of an integrative framework for verbal and musical short-term memory (STM). Following this framework, access to domain-specific long-term knowledge bases supports the processing of musical and verbal  item information in STM, while domain-general ordering processes support the representation of serial order information in the two domains. We exposed participants to verbal and musical STM tasks assessing either item information, order information, or both item and order information. Using an i nterindividual differences approach, we observed that performance in item-based STM ...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - May 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Toward Empirical Evidence for Teachers ’ Mental Representations of Dyadic Relationships With Students: Two Priming Experiments
The attachment-based perspective on teacher-student relationships assumes that teachers internalize experiences with specific students into mental representations of dyadic relationships. Once activated, mental representations are believed to influence teachers ’ affective and cognitive social information processing. Two priming experiments with 57 elementary school teachers were conducted to test these assumptions. To activate teachers’ mental representations of dyadic relationships, teachers were primed with photographs of students with whom they hav e a positive and negative relationship (two experimental co...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - May 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Behavioral and Cerebral Impairments Associated with Binge Drinking in Youth: A Critical Review
Binge drinking is a widespread alcohol consumption pattern in youth that is linked to important behavioral and cerebral impairments, in both the short and the long term. From a critical review of the current literature on this topic, we conclude that binge drinkers display executive impairments, cerebral modifications, and problems with emotion-related processes. Five key empirical and theoretical topics are discussed to pave the way for future research in the field: (1) the specificity of the brain modifications observed in binge drinkers that may index a compensatory mechanism or result from multiple withdrawals; (2) the...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - March 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Daily Affect and Self-Esteem in Early Adolescence: Correlates of Mean Levels and Within-Person Variability
Emotions and self-esteem are critical components of well-being and adaptation during adolescence. People differ in their average levels of affect and self-esteem, as well as in how much their affect and self-esteem fluctuate from moment to moment. Fluctuations in affect in particular have not been extensively examined in relation to adolescent-relevant variables. The present study investigates internalizing symptoms, social functioning, and overt and relational aggression as correlates of average levels and within-person variability in daily positive and negative affect (PA and NA) and self-esteem. Crucially, unique associ...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - February 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

What Predicts Visibility Management at Work? A Study of Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Flemish Government Employees
In this study, we tested a model that investigates the relationships between VM on the one hand, and specific job characteristics, experiencing the work environment as more or less LG friendly, and personal homonegative experiences on the other. In a non-representative sample of 4,080 employees of the Flemish government, 6.3% identified as gay or lesbian. Within this LG subsample (N = 265) we found that specific job characteristics (having a managerial position, or having a tenured or non-tenured position) were not associated with VM. Knowing other LGs within the work environment who are open about their sexual o...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - February 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Flemish Normative Data for the Buschke Selective Reminding Test
The purpose of this study was to provide normative data for a Flemish version of the Buschke Selective Reminding Test (SRT). The SRT allows for the simultaneous analysis of several components of verbal memory, such as short and long term retrieval. The Flemish SRT was administered to 3257 neurologically healthy adults (1627  men and 1630 women, age range = 18–94 years). Effects of age, sex and education on SRT performance were assessed. Results indicate that SRT performance decreased with age and that this decline accelerated in men compared to women. Furthermore, an effect of education was found ...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - February 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Parent-Child Physical Resemblance as Cues of Man ’s Paternity
The objective of the experiment was to conduct an initial investigation of that assumption. In the experiment, parti cipants were presented with descriptions in which information was manipulated concerning the similarity of child to mother vs. to father vs. to neither of them. A total of 312 students of both sexes took participation in the experiment, having agreed to take part in a short psychological study immed iately after classes were over. They were asked to read some short stories and to give their opinion as to whether the man described is the biological father of the child. It turned out that in conditions where t...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - January 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Ethnic Diversity, Ideological Climates, and Intergroup Relations: A Person × Context Approach
Intergroup relations represent one of the most difficult and complex knots which we are confronted with in contemporary society. Given that intergroup dynamics permeate all spheres of our daily social lives, it seems vital to systematically investigate how to best predict and explain when, why, and for whom intergroup relations symbolize conflict rather than harmony. This critical review evaluates how the societal context in which individuals live shapes how their personal social-ideological views, their values, norms and beliefs, are associated with their intergroup and related attitudes. Such an approach not only examine...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - January 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Universality and Uniqueness of Students ’ Situational Interest in Physical Education: A Comparative Study
Situational interest (SI) has been conceptualized in physical education (PE) as a multidimensional construct including five dimensions: instant enjoyment, exploration intention, attention demand, novelty and challenge. Consistent with Ding, Sun and Chen (2013), who argued for the need ‘to develop cross-culture models to examine the universality of the motivation constructs’, the purpose of this study was to investigate the universality and uniqueness of students’ SI by comparing three French-speaking PE contexts. Participants were 1812 secondary school students from Belgium , France, and Switzerland. They...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - January 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Does Change in Attention Control Mediate the Impact of tDCS on Attentional Bias for Threat? Limited Evidence from a Double-blind Sham-controlled Experiment in an Unselected Sample
Neurocognitive models of attentional bias for threat posit that attentional bias may result from a decreased activation of the left prefrontal cortex, and especially of its dorsolateral part (dlPFC), resulting in an impaired attention control. Consequently, a transient increase of neural activity within the left dlPFC via non-invasive brain stimulation reduces attentional bias among both anxious and nonanxious participants. Yet, it is still unclear whether the impact of dlPFC activation on attentional bias is mediated by improvement in attention control. In this experiment, we sought to test this hypothesis in an unselecte...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - January 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Thanks to Reviewers 2018
All manuscripts published in Psychologica Belgica have been assessed conscientiously and unselfishly by expert reviewers. The quality of our journal totally depends on their valuable and constructive criticisms to the authors. Both the editors  and the authors highly appreciate the input and dedication of all our reviewers. Many thanks. Published on 2018-12-05 00:00:00 (Source: Psychologica Belgica)
Source: Psychologica Belgica - December 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Conflict Detection and Logical Complexity
Empirical evidence for the capacity to detect conflict between biased reasoning and normative principles has led to the proposal that reasoners have an intuitive grasp of some basic logical principles. In two studies, we investigate the boundary conditions of these logical intuitions by manipulating the logical complexity of problems where logical validity and conclusion believability conflict or not. Results pointed to evidence for successful conflict detection on the basic Modus Ponens (MP) inference, but also showed evidence for such a phenomenon on the more complex Modus Tollens (MT) inference. This suggests that both ...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - November 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Social Support, Adjustment, and Psychological Distress of Help-Seeking Expatriates
The present study aimed to explore the interrelations between support processes, adjustment, and psychological distress within a sample of help-seeking expatriates. Specifically, we examined (1) the association between expatriates ’ cross-cultural adjustment (i.e., work, interaction and general adjustment) and levels of psychological distress (i.e., depression, anxiety and stress), (2) the association between expatriates’ perceptions of socioemotional and instrumental support availability and their level of cross-cultural adjustment, and (3) the moderating role of expatriates’ socioemotional and instrumen...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - October 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Different Clinical Presentations in Eating Disorder Patients with Non-Suicidal Self-Injury Based on the Co-Occurrence of Borderline Personality Disorder
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) features are common in patients with eating disorders (ED), yet little is known regarding the clinical presentation of ED patients who present with NSSI with and without BPD. The current study compared self-injurious, female ED inpatients with (n = 98; NSSI+BPD) and without BPD (n = 45; NSSI-only) on different self-reported clinical features. Results suggest that ED patients with NSSI+BPD differ from those with NSSI-only with regard to frequency of suicidal ideation, alcohol, drug or medication abuse, internalizing/externalizing psychopathology, inte...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - October 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Moral Judgments Depend on Information Presentation: Evidence for Recency and Transfer Effects
Moral judgements are crucial for social life and rely on the analysis of the agent ’s intention and the outcome of the agent’s action. The current study examines to the influence of how the information is presented on moral judgement. The first experiment investigated the effects of the order in which intention and outcome information was presented. The results showed that par ticipants relied more on the last presented information, suggesting a recency effect. The second experiment required participants to make two types of judgments (wrongness vs. punishment) and manipulated the order of the requested two typ...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - October 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Understanding Long-term Outcome from the Patients ’ Perspective: A Mixed Methods Naturalistic Study on Inpatient Psychotherapy
Conclusion: The findings support the value of an idiosyncratic and process-oriented understanding of outcome and recovery as well as substantiate the importance of multiple methods and perspectives when studying the effects of psychotherapy. Published on 2018-10-04 12:11:31 (Source: Psychologica Belgica)
Source: Psychologica Belgica - October 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Executive Function, Chaos and Temperament: Specificities in Preschoolers with Externalizing Behaviors
This study shows that EB children already exhibit specific characteristics by the time they are of preschool age, not only in the behavioral sphere, but also in the cognitive and environmental areas. However, despite all the differences between the two groups, a discriminant analysis showed that EF capacities have a weak power for EB diagnosis. Published on 2018-08-22 14:07:11 (Source: Psychologica Belgica)
Source: Psychologica Belgica - August 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Therapist as Conditioned Stimulus
This manuscript is part of a special issue to commemorate professor Paul Eelen, who passed away on August 21, 2016. Paul was a clinically oriented scientist, for whom learning principles (Pavlovian or operant) were more than salivary responses and lever presses. His expertise in learning psychology and his enthusiasm to translate this knowledge to clinical practice inspired many inside and outside academia. Several of his original writings were in the Dutch language. Instead of editing a special issue with contributions of colleagues and friends, we decided to translate a selection of his manuscripts to English to allow wi...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - July 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Behaviour Therapy and Behaviour Modification Background and Development
This manuscript is part of a special issue to commemorate professor Paul Eelen, who passed away on August 21, 2016. Paul was a clinically oriented scientist, for whom learning principles (Pavlovian or operant) were more than salivary responses and lever presses. His expertise in learning psychology and his enthusiasm to translate this knowledge to clinical practice inspired many inside and outside academia. Several of his original writings were in the Dutch language. Instead of editing a special issue with contributions of colleagues and friends, we decided to translate a selection of his manuscripts to English to allow wi...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - July 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Classical Conditioning: Classical Yet Modern
This manuscript is part of a special issue to commemorate professor Paul Eelen, who passed away on August 21, 2016. Paul was a clinically oriented scientist, for whom learning principles (Pavlovian or operant) were more than salivary responses and lever presses. His expertise in learning psychology and his enthusiasm to translate this knowledge to clinical practice inspired many inside and outside academia. Several of his original writings were in the Dutch language. Instead of editing a special issue with contributions of colleagues and friends, we decided to translate a selection of his manuscripts to English to allow wi...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - July 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Paul Eelen: Reflections on Life and Work
This manuscript is part of a special issue to commemorate professor Paul Eelen, who passed away on August 21, 2016. Paul was a clinically oriented scientist, for whom learning principles (Pavlovian or operant) were more than salivary responses and lever presses. His expertise in learning psychology and his enthusiasm to translate this knowledge to clinical practice inspired many inside and outside academia. Several of his original writings were in the Dutch language. Instead of editing a special issue with contributions of colleagues and friends, we decided to translate a selection of his manuscripts to English to allow wi...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - July 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Science and Society, Part IV: Psychologist Paul Eelen “Not a Single Football Player will Believe that he is Determined by the Ball”
This manuscript is part of a special issue to commemorate professor Paul Eelen, who passed away on August 21, 2016. Paul was a clinically oriented scientist, for whom learning principles (Pavlovian or operant) were more than salivary responses and lever presses. His expertise in learning psychology and his enthusiasm to translate this knowledge to clinical practice inspired many inside and outside academia. Several of his original writings were in the Dutch language. Instead of editing a special issue with contributions of colleagues and friends, we decided to translate a selection of his manuscripts to English to allow wi...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - July 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Broken Achilles Heel of Behavior Therapy: A Couple of Reflections on the Function Analysis
This manuscript is part of a special issue to commemorate professor Paul Eelen, who passed away on August 21, 2016. Paul was a clinically oriented scientist, for whom learning principles (Pavlovian or operant) were more than salivary responses and lever presses. His expertise in learning psychology and his enthusiasm to translate this knowledge to clinical practice inspired many inside and outside academia. Several of his original writings were in the Dutch language. Instead of editing a special issue with contributions of colleagues and friends, we decided to translate a selection of his manuscripts to English to allow wi...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - July 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Why Humans Fail in Solving the Monty Hall Dilemma: A Systematic Review
We present a systematic review of literature published between January 2000 and February 2018 addressing why humans systematically fail to react optimally to the MHD or fail to understand it.Based on a sequential analysis of the phases in the MHD, we first review causes in each of these phases that may prohibit humans to react optimally and to fully understand the problem. Next, we address the question whether humans ’ performance, in terms of choice behaviour and (probability) understanding, can be improved. Finally, we discuss individual differences related to people’s suboptimal performance.This review provi...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - June 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Impact of Language Switching Frequency on Attentional and Executive Functioning in Proficient Bilingual Adults
Bilingual advantages in executive functions are well documented (see Bialystok, 2009; Dong& Li, 2015, for a review), but the specific aspects of bilingualism that underlie these advantages are unclear. The few studies conducted up until now on this subject (e.g., Hartanto& Yang, 2016; Prior& Gollan, 2011; Verreyt, Woumans, Vandelanotte, Szmalec,& Duyck, 2016) have suggested that the frequency of language switching may partially mediate this advantage. We further investigate the impact of oral language-switching frequency on the development of alerting, response inhibition and cognitive flexibility skills in...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - May 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Delicate Balance to Adjustment: A Qualitative Approach of Student ’s Transition to the First Year at University
First year experience in higher education has been extensively investigated in the literature. However, two limitations can be identified in the literature. The majority of studies have focused on single factor analysis, limiting the multifactorial understanding of the determinants of adjustment. Moreover, the temporal and dynamic nature of the first year at university has mainly been disregarded, so limiting the dynamic framing of the adjustment process. To overcome these limitations, the current study used a longitudinal qualitative design in order to grasp the dynamic complexity of the adjustment process. Semi-structure...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - April 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Influence of Grit on Life Satisfaction: Self-Esteem as a Mediator
In this study we investigate how grit influences life satisfaction. We propose that individuals’ self-esteem mediates the relationship between grit and life satisfaction. Study 1, with a sample of 243 employees enrolled in a business training course, found that an individual’s grit was positively related to life satisfaction and that self-esteem fully mediated this relationship. In Study 2, with 218 full-time employees, self-efficacy, self-control, and self-consciousness were included as mediators, but they did not exceed the power of self-esteem in explaining the relationship between grit and life satisfaction...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - April 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Subjective Memory Complaints in Portuguese Young Adults: Contributions from the Adaptation of the Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire
Self-report instruments that allow to characterize the frequency of daily memory failures are essential for a comprehensive assessment of memory functioning. In this context, we aimed to provide preliminary evidence of validity and reliability for the European Portuguese adaptation of the Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (PRMQ). A total of 1052 healthy participants completed an online survey with the PRMQ. The exploration of the construct validity suggested the tripartite model with a general memory, a prospective memory, and a retrospective memory factors to have the best adjustment to the data. Measurem...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - April 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How does Conditional Regard Impact Well-being and Eagerness to Learn? An Experimental Study
Conditional regard refers to regard dependent upon the receiver ’s fulfillment of certain expectations. Using an experimental design, we examined the effect of conditional negative and positive regard on well-being and eagerness to learn in university freshmen (N = 131). Participants experienced either failure or success followed by conditional vs. unconditional regard. As expected, success and failure had opposite effects on well-being and eagerness to learn. More importantly, there was an increase in positive affect following success in the context of conditional regard, but not in the context of unconditional rega...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - April 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Validation of the Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form in a Flemish Community Sample
This study aims to investigate the factor structure, the reliability and the validity of the original YSQ – Short Form (Young& Brown, 1998; YSQ-SF, 15 EMS) as well as an extension including 16 EMS, based on the 16 factor structure of the YSQL2 (Young& Brown, 1998) in a community sample. The sample consisted of 672 participants (51% females;Mage-total = 44.34;SDage-total = 16.24). Results show evidence for both the 15 and 16 factor solution of the YSQ-SF with good internal consistency coefficients for the different scales. Significant gender differences were observed for Self-Sacrifice (females higher) and Ent...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - April 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Letter from the new Editor
Published on 2018-04-06 16:51:23 (Source: Psychologica Belgica)
Source: Psychologica Belgica - April 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Can Cancellara Really be a < i > Flandrien < /i > ? Ethno-Cultural Identity Representation Predicts Regional Exclusivity of a Historically Contested Cycling Term
In Flanders the termflandrien refers to cyclists who display a strong work ethic, great perseverance, are powerful and who perform best in adverse weather conditions. Until the 1960s, only leading cyclists originating from the province of West- and East-Flanders were considered asflandriens. After 1960, the media extended the use of this term to Belgian cyclists in general and even to international cyclists. The present study examined whether Flemish citizens agree with this generalization considering that the termflandrien still plays a highly symbolical role in the public discourse on Flemish identity. First, the main ai...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - March 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Association between Non-Suicidal Self-Injury, Parents and Peers Related Loneliness, and Attitude Towards Aloneness in Flemish Adolescents: An Empirical Note
Loneliness and attitude towards aloneness have been shown to be associated to depression, anxiety, and other psychiatric disorders in adolescents and they may also increase the vulnerability to Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI). Therefore, the present study investigated the association between lifetime prevalence and functions of NSSI, parent- and peer-related loneliness, and attitude towards aloneness (positive and negative). Data regarding NSSI, loneliness, and attitude towards aloneness were collected from a sample of 401 high school students from three different high schools located in the Dutch-speaking part of Belgium....
Source: Psychologica Belgica - February 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Correction: Identity Statuses Throughout Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood: A Large-scale Study into Gender, Age, and Contextual Differences
This article details a correction to the article: Verschueren, M., et al., (2017). Identity Statuses throughout Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood: A Large-Scale Study into Gender, Age, and Contextual Differences. Psychologica Belgica. 57(1), pp. 32 –42. DOI:https://doi.org/10.5334/pb.348 Published on 2018-02-14 16:21:33 (Source: Psychologica Belgica)
Source: Psychologica Belgica - February 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Body Dissatisfaction Revisited: On the Importance of Implicit Beliefs about Actual and Ideal Body Image
Body dissatisfaction (i.e., a negative attitude towards one ’s own physical appearance) is assumed to originate from a perceived discrepancy between the actual physical appearance (i.e., actual body image) and the desired ideal state of the body (i.e., ideal body image). We assessed implicit beliefs about these two aspects of the body image independently u sing two Relational Responding Tasks (RRT) in a sample of participants who were either low or high in explicitly reported body dissatisfaction. As hypothesized, differences in body dissatisfaction exerted a differential influence on the two RRT scores. The implicit...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - January 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Job Insecurity and Innovative Work Behaviour: A Psychological Contract Perspective
Innovation is considered to be of crucial importance for organisational survival and growth, and in this respect employees play a leading role, as they are the ones who develop innovative ideas. At the same time, the struggle for organisational survival and growth gives rise to perceptions of job insecurity. To date, few studies have explored how employees ’ innovative work behaviour (IWB) is influenced by the perceived threat of job loss (i.e. job insecurity). As both job insecurity and IWB are increasingly salient in light of organisational change and competition, the present study examines the relationship between...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - January 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Self-Compassion Scale: IRT Psychometric Analysis, Validation, and Factor Structure – Slovak Translation
The present study verifies the psychometric properties of the Slovak version of the Self-Compassion Scale through item response theory, factor-analysis, validity analyses and norm development. The surveyed sample consisted of 1,181 participants (34% men and 66% women) with a mean age of 30.30 years (SD = 12.40). Two general factors (Self-compassionate responding and Self-uncompassionate responding) were identified, whereas there was no support for a single general factor of the scale and six subscales. The results of the factor analysis were supported by an independent sample of 676 participants. Therefore, the use of tota...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - January 4, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Thanks to Reviewers 2017
All manuscripts published inPsychologica Belgica have been assessed conscientiously and unselfishly by expert reviewers. The quality of our journal totally depends on their valuable and constructive criticisms to the authors. Both the editors and the authors highly appreciate the input and dedication of all our reviewers. Many thanks. Published on 2017-12-12 15:06:43 (Source: Psychologica Belgica)
Source: Psychologica Belgica - December 12, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Intergroup Reconciliation between Flemings and Walloons: The Predictive Value of Cognitive Style, Authoritarian Ideology, and Intergroup Emotions
Testifying to the gap in fundamental research on positive intergroup outcomes, we investigated reconciliation attitudes in a non-violent intergroup context (i.e., the linguistic conflict in Belgium). By incorporating both important predictors of negative outgroup attitudes (i.e., individual differences in rigid cognitive styles and authoritarian ideologies), and important predictors of reconciliation (i.e., intergroup emotions), we aimed to contribute to a more comprehensive theoretical framework for the analysis of intergroup relations. We recruited one Flemish (N = 310) and one Walloon (N = 365) undergraduate students sa...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - November 22, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

An Insiders ’ Outside Perspective on the Flemish-Walloon Conflict: The Role of Identification and Disidentification for the German-Speaking Minority
In this study we analyzed the opinions of citizens of the German-speaking minority in Belgium on the linguistic conflict between the Walloons and the Flemish, as well as their attitudes towards these linguistic communities. We were especially interested in the effects of identification with the local community and disidentification with Belgium. We distributed a survey questionnaire in Eupen, the capital of the German-speaking community, and received replies from 129 inhabitants. Results showed that identification with the German-speaking community was associated with positive attitudes towards the German-speaking communit...
Source: Psychologica Belgica - November 22, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research