Earthquake in Western Iran: Renovation Kills
BRIEF INCIDENT REPORT At 21:48 local time, on Nov. 12, 2017, western Kermanshah Province in Iran was shaken by an earthquake of moment magnitude Mw7.3 for about 30 s1 . The epicenter has been reported at the 34.88°N and 45.84°E coordination near the Iran–Iraq border and the depth at 23 km. Based on the active fault map of Iran, this earthquake can be triggered by the movement of the Zagros Mountain Front Fault in Pol-e-Zahab Region11 . In addition, more than 500 aftershocks, greatest of which with magnitude of 4.9 have been recorded by the Iranian Seismological Center. Due to this earthquake, 620 people di...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - August 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: abbas Source Type: research

An Evaluation of Global Hazard Communication with Ethical Considerations
This article therefore provides an opportunity to examine the resource in more detail and suggest areas which could be improved. Moreover, on a larger scale, these improvements may be applicable to similar communication tools produced by other agencies worldwide whether they cover hazards or not 18,19,20. The global hazards weekly bulletin at Public Health England (PHE) was designed to provide an easy to use, informative weekly guide on natural and technological hazards that have occurred in the previous week 21. Information is gathered via a Google Alerts system with over thirty search terms used to identify any news art...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - August 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Thomas Richardson Source Type: research

Knowing What We Know – Reflections on the Development of Technical Guidance for Loss Data for the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
Conclusion Transparent monitoring is essential to ensure that political and financial efforts to implement the 2030 agenda align with accepted goals and foster an effective evidence base. It is critical to offer support to the institutions tasked with doing so. Technical guidance literature is an essential part of this, which the February 2017 loss data workshop and recent publication of UNISDR technical guidance have revealed. Across Sendai Framework Global Targets A-D, there remain specific issues that the academic community can support with innovating methods for improving estimation and accurate record of the impacts o...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - August 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lorcan Clarke Source Type: research

Attachment, Bushfire Preparedness, Planning, and Response among Animal Guardians: A South Australian Case Study
Introduction Animal ownership has been identified as a risk factor for human survivability of natural disasters. Animal guardians have been reported to react or act in ways that may put their own safety and that of emergency services personnel at risk when faced with a natural disaster 1,2,3,4. Recent research has suggested that this risk factor could be reconfigured as a protective factor, whereby desires to save animals from natural disaster harm could motivate increased planning and preparedness behaviours amongst animal guardians. Whilst the primary beneficiaries are humans and animals, improving the natural disaster s...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - August 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lisel O'Dwyer Source Type: research

Bushfire Preparedness, Planning, and Response among Animal Guardians: A South Australian Case Study
Introduction Animal ownership has been identified as a risk factor for human survivability of natural disasters. Animal guardians have been reported to react or act in ways that may put their own safety and that of emergency services personnel at risk when faced with a natural disaster 1,2,3,4. Recent research has suggested that this risk factor could be reconfigured as a protective factor, whereby desires to save animals from natural disaster harm could motivate increased planning and preparedness behaviours amongst animal guardians. Whilst the primary beneficiaries are humans and animals, improving the natural disaster s...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - August 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lisel O'Dwyer Source Type: research

Community Perspective on Policy Options for Resettlement Management: A Case Study of Risk Reduction in Bududa, Eastern Uganda
Conclusions From the consultations using the deliberative poll method with the community, it can be generally agreed that resettlement is a highly complex issue. Policy makers have to be aware that resettlement and economic displacement of people can have significant adverse impacts on their future life, social fabric and livelihoods. If consultations are not adequately conducted, success determining issues are swept under the carpet. Ineffective consultations can leave the affected community feeling aggravated,hence do not adhere to the “agreed” position because some facts are only known to the technical peopl...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - July 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: stellaneema Source Type: research

Development and Implementation of the World Health Organization Emergency Medical Teams: Minimum Technical Standards and Recommendations for Rehabilitation
Conclusion The WHO EMT Initiative aims to improve the professionalization and quality of emergency medical response through improved standardization, coordination and accountability. The rehabilitation standards support these aims, by addressing by integrating delivery of rehabilitation into the acute emergency response capacity of EMTs. Required for EMT verification, the standards fill a significant in the scope and quality of care EMTs have historically provided. The standards also emphasize the importance of continuity of care and long-term functional outcomes by beneficiaries. A need exists for further awareness raisin...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - July 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jody-Anne Mills Source Type: research

The Promotion of ‘Grab Bags’ as a Disaster Risk Reduction Strategy
Conclusion The results of this study identified gaps in the evidence on the effectiveness of grab bags, and found variations in guidelines and promotion practices across different countries. With the implementation of the Sendai Framework and its emphasis on an all-of-society approach to DRR1, there is an opportunity to raise widespread awareness of the importance of household preparedness. Grab bags are recognized as an important strategy to support DRR, however the need for an evidence base must be addressed to support investments in this area. 7.0 Appendix Table 2: Embase search strategy # Searches Results ...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - July 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Christina J. Pickering Source Type: research

The Flood-Related Behaviour of River Users in Australia
This study forms part of a wider study on river usage 15 and alcohol consumption 6, 16. The survey was administered as both paper-based forms and online through SurveyGizmo (www.surveygizmo.com) using iPads. Those surveys completed on paper were then transferred into SurveyGizmo on the same day the paper-based survey was undertaken. The final dataset was downloaded from SurveyGizmo into IBM SPSS V20 for analysis. To check accuracy of data entry, every tenth paper-based survey (n=56) was checked (by authors AEP and RCF). This resulted in the checking of 56 x 34 questions, resulting in a 0.7% error rate. These errors were c...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - June 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: amyepeden Source Type: research

A Typology of Secondary Stressors Among Refugees of Conflict in the Middle East: The Case of Syrian Refugees in Jordan
This study (ER/KHTA20/3) have been approved by the Sciences & Technology Cross-Schools Research Ethics Committee at University of Sussex (crecscitec@sussex.ac.uk). Results We identified three main groups of secondary stressors (financial, environmental and social) among the participants, which they suggested were common among Syrian refugees in Jordan. Consistent with the literature20, the interviews suggested that these participants struggled more with the secondary stressors than the memory of war or its direct effect on their life (e.g., deaths of relatives in Syria). Financial Stressors This group of stressor...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - May 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: alfadhli Source Type: research

Do Natural Disasters Affect Voting Behavior? Evidence from Croatian Floods
Introduction Some of the ongoing questions regarding voting behaviour are related to voters’ competencies. Can citizens correctly perceive information or are they prone to biases 1,2, are they informed enough3,4,5 , are they motivated to participate in politics6 , etc.? These questions relate to the idea, or the norm, of a rational citizenry. They are of great importance because assumptions and findings on voters’ rationality are used to justify different political institutions and systems7. If voters are rational, their broad political participation and inclusion should be warranted; if they are not, their rol...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - April 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kosta Bovan Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Depression Among Civilians After the 9/11 World Trade Center Terrorist Attacks: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Conclusions This meta-analysis identified risk factors for probable depression associated with the WTC terrorist attacks among mixed-exposure groups from the civilian population in the NYC metro area that was not directly involved in rescue or recovery efforts. We found that social isolation, change in employment, and not being married after the WTC terrorist attacks were three of the four most strongly associated risk factors for probable depression. Furthermore, we found that direct exposure to WTC related traumatic events was not significantly associated with probable depression, while knowing someone injured or killed ...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - March 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Abhinaba Chatterjee Source Type: research

Comparison of Jurisdictional Seismic Resilience Planning Initiatives
Conclusion The performance measurement frameworks (recovery timetables) developed as part of the SPUR, RWS, and ORP initiatives are one of the most notable and innovative features the work and so is the primary focus of conclusion. This innovation is sure to live on and evolve because it is the core feature of the NIST guide. SPUR’s performance measurement framework timetable undoubtedly the primary persuasive force behind initiation of the RWS and ORP efforts. SPUR’s framework was easy to communicate and compelling to WASSC and OSSPAC. Interestingly, the SPUR performance measurement framework played a prominen...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - March 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Scott B. Miles Source Type: research

Community ’s Emergency Preparedness for Flood Hazards in Dire-dawa Town, Ethiopia: A Qualitative Study
CONCLUSIONS In the history of Dire Dawa town, the flood disaster of 2006 was the turning point in prompting some emergency preparedness actions. The local government in collaboration with the federal government initiated the construction of flood protection dams in some flood prone areas of the town. However, according to this study’s findings, some of the already constructed dams had already collapsed and the residents had no confidence in those dams. In Kebele-05 where an NGO existed to operate on flood hazards prevention and mitigation, some emergency preparedness actions were undertaken by the communities. These ...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - February 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Luche Tadesse Ejeta Source Type: research

Humanitarian Needs in Government Controlled Areas of Syria
Introduction With an estimated 13.5 million people in need (PiN) of humanitarian assistance and 6.6 million internally displaced people (IDPs), Syria is the country with the world’s largest IDP population and among the most severe ongoing emergencies.1,2 At the start of 2016, of the 13.5 million PiN, 6.5 million (48%) resided in areas controlled by the Government of Syria, 4.5 million PiN were in hard-to-reach areas, and an estimated 8.7 million people had acute needs across multiple sectors.2 Humanitarian needs are ever-increasing while an inability to maintain humanitarian corridors and ceasefires continue to limit...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - February 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Shannon Doocy Source Type: research

Infectious Disease Risk and Vaccination in Northern Syria after 5 Years of Civil War: The MSF Experience
Conclusions Access to EPI vaccination for children is a key example of preventative public health interventions that have been curtailed in Northern Syria since the start of the conflict. These findings demonstrate that collapse of the formal public health system has led to an increasingly large group of children who are susceptible to infectious diseases with serious consequences, with younger children most vulnerable. We call on all health actors and the international community to work towards re-establishment of EPI activities as a priority to ensure that children who have had no access to vaccination in the last five...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - February 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Alan de Lima Pereira Source Type: research

Rio ’s Mountainous Region (“Região Serrana”) 2011 Landslides: Impact on Public Mental Health System
This study reviewed the consequences of the 2011 disaster in the Serrana Region, evaluating the demand for mental health care in the SUS, comparing public mental health assistance data from two time periods – two years before and two years after the event. With that we aimed to identify changes on the demand for mental health services provided by the SUS in the affected region. METHODS Study design: We performed an ecologic study, analysing the aggregate data from Serrana Region during the period before (Jan 2009 to Dec 2010) and after the disaster (Jan 2011 to Dec 2012). We used the aggregate data from the other 8...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - January 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Dell'Aringa Source Type: research

The United Nations Material Assistance to Survivors of Cholera in Haiti: Consulting Survivors and Rebuilding Trust
Conclusion A consultation process to inform the Material Assistance program for survivors of the cholera epidemic would offer the best chance to “get it right for victims and survivors” and design a program that is responsive to survivors’ needs and priorities while achieving broader goals of recognition of harm, mending relationships, and rebuilding trust. It is an opportunity for the U.N. to counter the perception that MINUSTAH has acted with impunity on Haitian territory. Importantly, this consultation must be seen as only the first step toward a meaningful engagement with communities. Lessons learned ...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - October 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: ngibbons Source Type: research

Discussion Informed by Recurrent Lessons from a Systematic Review on Targeting Practices in Urban Humanitarian Crises
Conclusions and Recommendations The current evidence and recurrent lessons above do not point to one single best approach for targeting vulnerable populations in urban crises. As humanitarian programs have a wide variety of goals and urban contexts and crises vary, the complex nature of vulnerability makes it impossible to have one best approach for each situation. Any approach will have strengths and limitations and none will be perfect as needs may often exceed available resources. In addition to these technical limitations, the security situation and political context can also impact the selection of a targeting approac...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - October 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: rbpatel Source Type: research

The Effect of Armed Conflict on the Utilization of Maternal Health Services in Uganda: A Population-based Study
This study compared aggregated population-level data from the 13 districts in the Northern Uganda region, with data from the rest of the country, for statistically significant differences in the utilization of maternal healthcare services. The main hypothesis was that living in a conflict-affected region negatively impacts maternal healthcare utilization; the 5 time points of data served to provide a trend across the 20-year conflict period and beyond, to assess whether there were differences in maternal healthcare utilization during the conflict, compared to after, as well as at different time points during the conflict. ...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - October 3, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Amrita Namasivayam Source Type: research

Listening to the Voices of the People: Community ’s Assessment of Disaster Responder Agency Performance During Disaster Situations in Rural Northern Ghana
Conclusion This study used a combined qualitative methodological approach of focus group discussions and the community score card in four communities in Northern Ghana to evaluate the performance of the main disaster responder agency. All four communities identified NADMO as the main responder agency during the last disasters with community members identifying education/awareness, selection process of beneficiaries, networking/collaboration, timing of response, quantity of relief items, appropriateness of relief items, mode of distribution of relief items, investigation and overall performance as the main evaluative indica...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - September 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: apanga Source Type: research

A Rights-based Approach to Information in Humanitarian Assistance
Humanitarian use of digital data: the coming crisis Humanitarian assistance is increasingly digital data-driven and dependent on information communication technologies (ICTs). Humanitarian actors increasingly use ICTs as a core component of their work, including satellite and drone imagery analysis and mobile surveys. Meanwhile, crisis-affected populations increasingly rely on mobile technology to maintain contact with loved ones and diasporas, locate and access aid, transfer money, and identify migration routes.1 These developments, represent a pivot point in the history of the humanitarian project that requires new doct...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - September 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Daniel Scarnecchia Source Type: research

The Theory of Planned Behavior and Disaster Preparedness
Introduction A disaster is “a serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses and impacts, which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources”1. Although the categories and causes of disasters may differ, their impacts are common; therefore, a disaster plan should address disaster impacts2. Disaster preparedness is defined as actions that ensure resources necessary to carry out an effective response are available before a disaster, or they can be obtained promptly when needed3. Di...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - September 6, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mehdi Najafi Source Type: research

The Enduring Health Challenges of Afghan Immigrants and Refugees in Iran: A Systematic Review
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by the author. Data Availability All national (MagIran, Science Information Database (SID) and Iranmedex) and international (PubMed, Scopus) databases were searched from November 2010 to November 2016 using keywords both in English and Persian: Afghan immigrants, Afghan refugees, Iran, infectious diseases, tuberculosis, HIV, Hepatitis B and C, non-communicable disease, food security, mental health, barriers, health insurance, access to health service. All related websites and webpages were also searched by Google with the same keywords ...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - July 21, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: nasim Source Type: research

[DIS-17-0023] The Enduring Health Challenges of Afghan Immigrants and Refugees in Iran: A Systematic Review
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by the author. Data Availability All national (MagIran, Science Information Database (SID) and Iranmedex) and international (PubMed, Scopus) databases were searched from November 2010 to November 2016 using keywords both in English and Persian: Afghan immigrants, Afghan refugees, Iran, infectious diseases, tuberculosis, HIV, Hepatitis B and C, non-communicable disease, food security, mental health, barriers, health insurance, access to health service. All related websites and webpages were also searched by Google with the same keywords ...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - July 21, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: nasim Source Type: research

Interventions for Prevention of Intimate Partner Violence Against Women in Humanitarian Settings: A Protocol for a Systematic Review
The objective of the systematic review is to identify existing IPV prevention interventions, strategies and programs among refugee, internally displaced, or conflict-affected female in humanitarian settings; and to assess their effects. It will seek to answer the following questions: What are the existing types of intervention for primary or secondary prevention of IPV against women in humanitarian settings? What is the effect of various types of interventions on prevention or reduction of physical, sexual or emotional IPV in humanitarian settings? How do various types of intervention related to IPV affect he...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - July 12, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Marjan Delkhosh Source Type: research

Correction: A Comparative Analysis of Disaster Risk, Vulnerability and Resilience Composite Indicators
Correction The links for Annex 1 and Annex 2 are incorrect. The correct links are provided here. Annex 1 – LIST OF METHODS ANALYSED Link to external file Annex 2 – EXCLUDED METHODS Link to external file References Beccari B. A Comparative Analysis of Disaster Risk, Vulnerability and Resilience Composite Indicators. PLOS Currents Disasters. 2016 Mar 14 . Edition 1. doi: 10.1371/currents.dis.453df025e34b682e9737f95070f9b970. (Source: PLOS Currents Disasters)
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - June 29, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: ploscurrents Source Type: research

Pilot Testing and Implementation of a mHealth tool for Non-communicable Diseases in a Humanitarian Setting
This study was designed using a mixed method approach with qualitative and quantitative data collected throughout. Patients were recruited at clinics and if they indicated willingness to participate, a follow up phone call was made. This verified consent and a baseline interview collected information on demographic characteristics; medical history and recent care seeking behaviors; and knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to type 2 diabetes and/or hypertension. Following enrollment, medical record reviews were also conducted for each patient recording information related to provider compliance with guidelines and qu...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - June 5, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Emily Lyles Source Type: research

In the Field Feasibility of a Simple Method to Check for Radioactivity in Commodities and in the Environment
Discussion The current smartphone technology could open up to a massive radiation monitoring, with some limitations due to low sensitivity, where the number of data could compensate for the possible lack of precision and puts in the hands of the average citizen a direct knowledge that previously only specialized entities could access. Furthermore, the fact that anyone can check for the safety of the nearby environment leads to a new kind of bottom-up control of the information released by interested stake-holders and by the public authorities, allowing more transparent decision making. According to the United Nations Sci...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - May 30, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Stefano Alessandri Source Type: research

Causal Pathways of Flood Related River Drowning Deaths in Australia
This study aims to: Describe the incidence of unintentional fatal drowning during periods of river flooding in Australia between 1 July 2002 and 30 June 2012; discuss risk factors associated with river flood related drowning; and propose potential strategies for prevention. Methods Ethical approval for this study was provided by the Victorian Department of Justice and Regulation (Department of Justice and Regulation Human Research Ethics Committee – CF/15/13552) and James Cook University (James Cook University Human Research Ethics Committee – H6282). Informed consent has not been obtained as the human subject...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - May 18, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: amyepeden Source Type: research

Risk Criteria in Hospital Site Selection: A Systematic Review
Conclusions Despite the critical role of hospitals in health service delivery in disasters and emergencies and the effect of hospital location on the quality of these services, few articles have considered hazards as the criteria for hospital site selection (HSS). Cost and demand are two groups of criteria that have been addressed more frequently in HSS studies. The decision makers should prospectively match the main objectives of hospital building with the HSS criteria according to the strategy of site selection and the availability of data and resources. Undoubtedly, being safe and remaining functional in emergencies and...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - May 1, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Moradian MJ Source Type: research

Spatiotemporal Identification of Potential Tsunami Vertical Evacuation Sites: A Case Study of Shizuoka City, Japan
Conclusions Our approach has shown that the attributes of building population and tsunami severity affect the way buildings can serve as vertical evacuation sites in a spatiotemporal way. The inundation of buildings differs between the 5 meter and 10 meter scenarios not only number of buildings within their flood zones, but also in the way buildings are extensively flooded or not in overlapping areas of the scenarios, indicating discreet spatial variations. Using Greger’s29 building population estimation method has revealed a temporal aspect of vertical evacuation due to the mobility of Shizuoka’s population o...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - April 24, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: gvsquall Source Type: research

Constructing the Indicators of Assessing Human Vulnerability to Industrial Chemical Accidents: A Consensus-based Fuzzy Delphi and Fuzzy AHP Approach
Conclusions The main contribution of this paper was to identify a draft of effective indicators for assessing human vulnerability to a chemical accident. This study explored the application of the Fuzzy Delphi-AHP Method to quantify the expert views to human vulnerability of the residents living near chemical plants and warehouses. Also, the other possible factors affecting human vulnerability to industrial chemical accidents were considered and two sets of indicators in social and physical domains were constructed. Then, human vulnerability indicators were selected and weighted using the Fuzzy Delphi and Fuzzy AHP method,...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - April 10, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: farin fatemi Source Type: research

The Life Process of Children Who Survived the Manjil Earthquake: A Decaying or Renewing Process
Conclusion According to the results of the present study, providing non-specific and temporary services is one of the factors affecting the life processes of children who have survived the Manjil earthquake. Training aid workers to consider the specific needs of children at the time of rescue operations could contribute to improving the health of this group in different aspects. Considering effective and comprehensive rehabilitation programs in Disaster Management policymaking can prevent persistent complications caused by earthquakes and other natural disasters. The results of this study also showed that some of the facto...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - April 4, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: abbasshamsalinai at yahoo.com Source Type: research

Towards Providing Solutions to the Air Quality Crisis in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area: Carbon Sequestration by Succulent Species in Green Roofs
Resumen INTRODUCCIÓN: En los primeros meses del 2016, la Ciudad de México y su zona metropolitana conurbada ha experimentado una de las peores crisis de contaminación del aire de la última década, urgiendo a las autoridades a tomar medidas drásticas a corto plazo. A fin de proporcionar elementos para investigaciones de sostenibilidad a largo plazo quisimos dar a conocer nuestros resultados de monitoreo de captura de carbono por plantas de azoteas verdes. Estas azoteas son una forma de naturación a gran escala, que constituyen una alternativa para mitigar parcialmente el incr...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - March 31, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: mague.collazo at ciencias.unam.mx Source Type: research

The Development of a Veterans Health Administration Emergency Management Research Agenda
Conclusions Using a systematic evidence base and consensus development process among stakeholders within and outside VA, we report on the first national VA comprehensive emergency management program evaluation and research agenda. VA provides a unique national laboratory for the conduct of high quality research that will improve VA’s and our Nation’s emergency medical and public health preparedness and the role of health delivery systems in that endeavor. To effectively foster the conduct and expansion of emergency management evaluation and research within VA, the consensus was that VA needs to build program ev...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Aram Dobalian Source Type: research

The Demand for Disaster Microinsurance for Small Businesses in Urban Slums: The Results of Surveys in Three Indian Cities
This study investigates the concerns noted above and looks at the potential for microinsurance in poor urban areas. In each surveyed region, we gauged knowledge of microinsurance and small business owners’ desire for programs. This initial study report contextualizes those findings and assesses the potential success of microinsurance programs. Methodology The study was conducted in partnership between the All India Disaster Mitigation Institute (AIDMI), an NGO based in Gujarat, India and Stanford University in California, USA supported by the Humanitarian Innovation Fund. The study sites include urban slums in three...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - March 1, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: rbpatel Source Type: research

Current State and Problems of Radiation Risk Communication: Based on the Results of a 2012 Whole Village Survey
This study analyzed data from a questionnaire sent to all Iitate residents after the evacuation to determine what residents wanted in risk communication. Methods 1. Survey Method An anonymous self-response survey was sent out by the Iitate local government by mail from 22 May to 1 June 2012 to 2914 heads of households (or main income earners) with addresses registered in Iitate. This study used some of the results of that survey. 2. Survey Items The survey comprised 30 items on opinions regarding life after evacuation, contamination in the village, and returning to the village. This report focused on 2 items rele...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - February 24, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: kurodasan Source Type: research

The Current State and Problems of Radiation Risk Communication: Based on the Results of a 2012 Whole Village Survey
This study analyzed data from a questionnaire sent to all Iitate residents after the evacuation to determine what residents wanted in risk communication. Methods 1. Survey Method An anonymous self-response survey was sent out by the Iitate local government by mail from 22 May to 1 June 2012 to 2914 heads of households (or main income earners) with addresses registered in Iitate. This study used some of the results of that survey. 2. Survey Items The survey comprised 30 items on opinions regarding life after evacuation, contamination in the village, and returning to the village. This report focused on 2 items rele...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - February 24, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: kurodasan Source Type: research

The Most Effective Methods for Delivering Severe Weather Early Warnings to Fishermen on Lake Victoria
CONCLUSION Exposure to the lake was common with fishing in the lake being a major occupation in the study population. Over half of the respondents were aware of at least one community member who had been injured due to lightning and a significant number of respondents were willing to pay for a smart phone based commercial severe weather early warning system service. This will enable timely dissemination of sever weather alerts against hazards like lightning and thunderstorms hence giving lead time to those exposed to take actions to prevent, mitigate, or prepare for such risks. The sever weather early warning system will ...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - February 22, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: richadt2002 at yahoo.com Source Type: research

Women ’s Challenges and Capabilities in Disasters: A Case Report of the Twin Earthquakes of Eastern Azerbaijan, Iran
This study was approved by the ethics committee of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences (Tehran, Iran). All participants were informed about confidentially of their names and other private information in the related reports. Corresponding Author Katayoun Jahangiri (k.jahangiri@sbmu.ac.ir) Competing Interests The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Data Availability The data set contains interview transcripts and will only be shared upon request. For further information regarding data availability please contact Sanaz Sohrabizadeh at sohrabizadeh@sbmu.ac.ir (Source: PLOS Currents Disasters)
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - February 22, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Sanaz Sohrabizadeh Source Type: research

Correction: Coordinating the Provision of Health Services in Humanitarian Crises: a Systematic Review of Suggested Models
Correction The thirteenth author’s name is spelled incorrectly. The correct name is: Elie A Akl References Lotfi T, Bou-Karroum L, Darzi A, Hajjar R, El Rahyel A, El Eid J, et al. Coordinating the Provision of Health Services in Humanitarian Crises: a Systematic Review of Suggested Models. PLOS Currents Disasters. 2016 Aug 3. Edition 1. doi: 10.1371/currents.dis.95e78d5a93bbf99fca68be64826575fa. (Source: PLOS Currents Disasters)
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - February 10, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: ploscurrents Source Type: research

Correction: Focused Training for Humanitarian Responders in Regional Anesthesia Techniques for a Planned Randomized Controlled Trial in a Disaster Setting
Correction The second author’s name is spelled incorrectly. The correct name is: Carrie Teicher. The correct citation is: Aluisio AR, Teicher C, Wiskel T, Guy A, Levine A. Focused Training for Humanitarian Responders in Regional Anesthesia Techniques for a Planned Randomized Controlled Trial in a Disaster Setting. PLOS Currents Disasters. 2016 Nov 16 . Edition 1. doi: 10.1371/currents.dis.e75f9f9d977ac8adededb381e3948a04. References Aluisio AR, Teicher C, Wiskel T, Guy A, Levine A. Focused Training for Humanitarian Responders in Regional Anesthesia Techniques for a Planned Randomized Controlled Trial in a Disaster S...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - February 6, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: ploscurrents Source Type: research

Health Consequences of Typhoon Haiyan in the Eastern Visayas Region Using a Syndromic Surveillance Database
This study analyzes SPEED data from health facilities in the Eastern Visayas region, one of the four regions affected by Typhoon Haiyan, from November 8, 2013 to March 28, 2014.6 The database comprises reports that detail the number of consultations per day by health facility for two age groups (60 days) as this was identified to separate response and recovery.10 As this is a descriptive study of an existing database using aggregated data, the Institutional Review Board of Heidelberg University deemed the study exempt from full review. Prior to the start of the study, the SPEED database for Typhoon Haiyan was requested f...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - February 6, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Miguel Antonio Salazar Source Type: research

Rural Women ’s Experience of Living and Giving Birth in Relief Camps in Pakistan
This study aimed to explore birthing experiences in relief camps of women who resides in disaster prone areas. The study findings can be used by the National Disaster Management Authorities and humanitarian agencies to make informed decisions about the provision of maternity care services in disaster or humanitarian emergency settings in rural Pakistan. Methodology Study site The study was conducted in five rural villages located along the bank of the Indus River of the Sindh Province of Pakistan. Due to their geographical location, the relative exposure to annual monsoon flooding is high in these villages. The human ...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - January 31, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Humaira Maheen Source Type: research

The Solidarity and Health Neutrality of Physicians in War & Peace
Commentary As physicians, we are reminded of Sir William Osler’s 1906 speech to graduating medical students when he asserted that: “Medicine is the only world-wide profession, following everywhere the same methods, actuated by the same ambitions, and pursuing the same end. This homogeneity, its most characteristic feature, is not shared by the law or religion”, nor the “extraordinary solidarity which makes the physician at home in any country.”1 In the century that followed, no other profession has exhibited the influential number of international associations, societies and collaborative eff...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - January 20, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Frederick M. Burkle, Jr. Source Type: research

Facebook Enables Disaster Research Studies: The Use of Social Media to Recruit Participants in a Post-Disaster Setting
Conclusions Social media was a useful strategy to recruit participants for a self-selected Internet sample for disaster research and did limit several of the practical and ethical challenges connected to disaster research. However, the method demands access to Internet connection in the disaster area, several strategic considerations, and an active approach from the researcher. The method does not eliminate the problem with non-probability samples, which is common in disaster research. To fully understand the potential and use of social media for recruiting participants for disaster research, the strategy needs to be furth...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - January 19, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Hugelius Karin Source Type: research

Emergency Preparedness and Management at the University of L ’aquila (Central Italy) and the Role of Students’ Associations in the April 6th 2009 Earthquake
Introduction At 3:32 a.m. (UTC+1) on 6 April 2009 an earthquake of Mw=6.3 hit the historical downtown of L’Aquila and its hinterland. The mainshock was anticipated by a long lasting seismic cluster (Ml
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - January 12, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Michele Magni Source Type: research

Survivors ’ Solidarity and Attachment in the Immediate Aftermath of the Typhoon Haiyan (Philippines)
Introduction Many myths and incorrect beliefs are common about disasters; anti-social and irrational behaviors are usually assumed to be the most common response to danger and disasters1,2,3,4,5 panic, for example, is frequently and erroneously used to describe disaster response6,7, despite it is a rare phenomenon that occurs only in presence of specific affective/cognitive factors8. Decades of research and empirical assessment on disasters and emergencies revealed that what really happens after a disaster frequently differs from what the conventional wisdom would suggest: victims tend to respond effectively and creatively...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - January 9, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Andrea Bartolucci Source Type: research

The Politics of Global Public Health in Fragile States and Ungoverned Territories
Article In 2004 I was honored to be interviewed for the Lancet medical journal’s Lifeline Series.1 I had just come away from a disastrous short tenure as the Interim Minister of Health in Iraq following the 2003 war. I had support from former Secretary of State Colin Powell to rapidly mitigate and recover the war related destruction of essential public health infrastructure and protections required as Occupiers under Articles 55 and 56 of the Geneva Convention (GC) that follow every war. Predictably, the loss of essential public health protections in food, water, sanitation, shelter, health, and energy leads to exces...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - January 9, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Frederick M. Burkle, Jr. Source Type: research