Perception and Usage of Point of Care Devices: A Cross-sectional Study Targeting Residents and Trainers in Oman.
Conclusions: Point-of-care devices are positively perceived and frequently used by OMSB trainees and trainers. However, constructive training on the effective usage of these devices in clinical decision-making is needed. Further future studies to evaluate the impact of using such devices in patient care should be conducted. PMID: 33437536 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - January 15, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio as an Alternative Marker of Neonatal Sepsis in Developing Countries.
Conclusions: NLR, calculated from complete blood count, can be used as an alternative marker of easy and relatively inexpensive neonatal sepsis, especially in developing countries, and detection of proven neonatal sepsis to be better when combined with CRP. PMID: 33437537 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - January 15, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Prevalence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Using the Latest World Health Organization Diagnostic Criteria among Omani Women in Muscat, Oman.
Conclusions: The incidence of GDM among Omani women rose dramatically when utilizing the latest WHO diagnostic criteria, owing to a lower fasting blood glucose cut-off value. In addition, a comparison of the frequencies of maternal and neonatal complications supports the validity of the new criteria. These findings should be taken into consideration by decision-makers in Oman when planning antenatal and postnatal services. PMID: 33437538 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - January 15, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

PHACES Syndrome with Intestinal Hemangioma Causing Recurrent Intussusceptions: A Case Report and Literature Review of Associated Intestinal Hemangioma.
We report a case of PHACES syndrome associated with intestinal hemangioma causing recurrent intussusceptions. A full-term infant female presented at the age of three months with segmental distribution of telangiectatic patch with red swelling involving the right periorbital area, right forehead, and lips. After a full workup and evaluation, the diagnosis of PHACES syndrome was confirmed based on the presence of facial segmental hemangioma, hypoplastic right internal carotid artery, intracranial hemangioma, and right optic disc anomaly. At the time of workup, she developed typical symptoms of intussusception. Diagnostic lap...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - January 8, 2021 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

The Mental Health of Female Physicians and Nurses in Oman during the COVID-19 Pandemic.
Conclusions: The COVID-19 pandemic is having a significant effect on the mental health of health care workers in Oman. In this study, nurses, Omanis, and frontline health care workers were the most impacted by the global health crisis. Urgent psychological, social, and administrative interventions and support should be implemented to mitigate mental health risks in these groups. PMID: 33335744 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - December 20, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Hemolytic Disease of Fetus and Newborn in a Primigravida with Multiple Alloantibodies Involving Anti-Jka and Anti-E: A Case Report.
Authors: Iberahim S, Aizuddin MJ, Kadir NA, Rameli N, Adzahar S, Noor NHM, Abdullah WZ Abstract The majority of hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN) reported in the literature is due to ABO and rhesus incompatibility. However, there are also other minor blood groups that have been identified as a cause of HDFN, although the occurrence is much rarer. The antibody screening program for D negative mother and the anti-D immunoglobulin treatment showed a significant reduction of the occurrence of HDFN secondary to anti-D. In a developed country, the screening for red blood cell antibody in the pregnant moth...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - December 20, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Type-IV Quadfurcation of Single Coronary Artery from the Right Aortic Sinus: New Classification.
Authors: Rajan R, Kotevski V, Al Jarallah M, Dashti R PMID: 33335746 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - December 20, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Is the Prevalence of the Pediatric COVID-19 Infection in Oman Underestimated?
Authors: Al-Mendalawi MD PMID: 33335747 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - December 20, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

A Rare Case of Primary Malignant Mesenchymoma Arising from Submandibular Salivary Gland.
Authors: Deshmukh AV, Shivkumar VB, Gangane NM Abstract Malignant mesenchymoma is a rare tumor in which there are two or more distinct mesenchymal components. These are generally considered as high-grade neoplasms and are usually associated with a poor prognosis. Here, we report a case of malignant mesenchymoma containing undifferentiated spindle cell sarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, osteosarcoma, and areas with rhabdoid differentiation in a 54-year-old male. The primary tumor measured 5.5 × 4 × 3 cm and weighed 135 g arising from the left submandibular salivary gland. Fine-needle aspiration cyt...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - December 20, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Abdominal Cystic Mass for Evaluation.
Authors: Kannan K, Sivanandam SP, Maduraimuthu P PMID: 33335749 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - December 20, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Letter in Reply: Epidemiology of COVID-19 Infection in Oman.
Authors: Khamis F, Al Awaidy ST PMID: 33312713 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - December 16, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Prevalence of Depression among Oman Medical Specialty Board Residents.
Authors: Al-Alawi M PMID: 33312714 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - December 16, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Acrodermatitis Enteropathica: A Case Report.
We report the case of a two-month-old girl, admitted with erythematous scaly lesions in the neck and vesiculopustular lesions in the perioral region, associated with alopecia and diarrhea. Clinical diagnosis of the disease was made from her first presentation. She was started on zinc therapy and her lesions resolved entirely after one month of treatment. PMID: 33274070 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - December 6, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Ulcerative Stomatitis as the Sole Manifestation of Progesterone Hypersensitivity.
This report presents a woman with very painful ulcerative stomatitis that recurred with every menstrual period, in the absence of other clinical manifestations. Ulcers were eventually controlled with oral tamoxifen treatment for three months. Subsequent follow-up visits showed complete resolution of her oral ulcerative lesions. The non-specific nature of her oral ulcers resulted in multiple medical and dental consultations and a delay in reaching the final diagnosis. Clinicians should be aware of the possibility of progesterone hypersensitivity when painful oral ulcerative lesions appear concurrently with each progesterone...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - December 6, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Psychiatric Symptoms in Patients and Caregivers with Parkinson's Disease.
Conclusions: Progression of PD influenced the psychiatric symptoms of both patients and their caregivers. A higher stage of PD is associated with higher scores of psychiatric distress, phobia, and somatization in the patients and their caregivers. PMID: 33274072 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - December 6, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

The Role of Metallic Nanoparticles in Inhibition of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis and Enhances Phagosome Maturation into the Infected Macrophage.
Authors: Jafari A, Nagheli A, Foumani AA, Soltani B, Goswami R Abstract This review focuses on the role of gallium (Ga) nanoparticles (NPs) to enhance phagosome maturation into the Mycobacterium tuberculosis-infected macrophage and the role of magnetic iron NPs as nanocarriers of antituberculosis drugs. The literature shows that silver (Ag) and zinc oxide (ZnO) NPs with dimensions less than 10 nm can penetrate directly through the macrophage bilayer membrane. Ag NPs increase the permeability membrane by motiving the aggregation of proteins in the periplasmic space and forming nano-sized pores. ZnO NPs can interact ...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - November 22, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Perceptions of Type 2 Diabetes Patients Towards Diabetes Management Visits at Public Primary Health Care Centers with Diverse Opinions Towards Nurse-led Clinics in Muscat, Oman: A Pilot Qualitative Study.
Conclusions: Our pilot study revealed type 2 diabetes patients' satisfaction with the current diabetes management clinics. However, transformation to nurse-led clinics within team-based approach requires further studies with a bigger sample size. Further studies on requirements related to the Omani health care system and a better understanding of patients' worries and their readiness to accept the concept of nurse-led clinics and their outcomes are also recommended. PMID: 33214910 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - November 22, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Respiratory Viral Infections in Sickle Cell Anemia: Special Emphasis on H1N1 Co-infection.
Authors: Alkindi S, Al-Yahyai T, Raniga S, Boulassel MR, Pathare A Abstract Objectives: Patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA) are immunocompromised and at an increased risk of developing infections. Our aim was to establish the clinical, laboratory, and radiological manifestations of respiratory viral infections in SCA at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH), Oman and assess its impact on disease morbidity and mortality, with special emphasis on H1N1. Methods: We undertook a retrospective study in SCA patients with respiratory viral infections following up at the hematology department at SQUH. We collected...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - November 22, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Acceptance and Compliance of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Local Population Survey.
This study aims to address the issue of acceptance and adherence to CPAP treatment in the Omani population and to determine the factors affecting adherence to CPAP. Methods: This retrospective study included adult OSA patients who underwent polysomnography between January 2008 and December 2014 (n = 3046). Demographic information, Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), apnea/hypopnea index (AHI), and desaturation events were collected from the sleep laboratory records. Subjects were grouped as CPAP users and CPAP non-users. CPAP users were divided into compliers (> 4 hours/night) and non-compliers (
Source: Oman Medical Journal - November 22, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Comparison between Personality, Emotional, and Educational Outcomes of Multiple Mini Interviews and Personal Interview.
Conclusions: This study provided evidence to support the outcomes that multiple mini interviews and personal interview have on medical students' emotional intelligence, personality traits, perceived educational environment, and perceived stressors during the pre-clinical medical training. Interestingly, personal interview had a better outcome on conscientiousness while multiple mini interviews had a better outcome on the social aspect. PMID: 33214913 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - November 22, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Addressing Influenza Vaccination in MENA Region during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Decreasing the Effects of the Collision.
Authors: Al Awaidy ST, Uyaro─člu OA, Wannous C, Tanriover MD PMID: 33214914 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - November 22, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Levels and Determinants of Health Literacy in Bahrain's Community Context.
We examined the association between sociodemographic and health information for the survey tool items using the chi-square test. The relationship between total scale score and subscale scores of the three domains of the survey tool to sociodemographic and health information was investigated using the t-test and ANOVA. Results: Of the 836 participants (mean age = 26.6 years), single (64.0%) and university students (76.6%) were predominant; 15.6% reported long-term sickness and visited the general physician often. The highest mean item scores were for empowerment (1.8) and lowest for functional HL (0.1). The significant ...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - November 20, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Drug Prescribing Practices in Dental Care Patients at a Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinic in Oman.
Conclusions: Drugs prescribing pattern was within the international norms. Sixty-five percent of the patients were not prescribed any drug by the dentist. Oral antiseptics, analgesics, and antibiotics were the most common drugs prescribed by dentists. PMID: 33149942 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - November 7, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Determinants and Prevention Strategies of Substance Abuse in Pacific Countries: A Systematic Review.
Conclusions: Substance abuse poses significant public health risks and therefore requires adequate interventions such as educating and informing individuals of the health risks associated with substance abuse and must be considered locally to promote the well-being of people. PMID: 33110632 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 30, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

The Prevalence of Transfusion-transmitted Infections among Blood Donors in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia.
Conclusions: Both serological and NAT screening and confirmatory assays should be used routinely to reduce the risk of infection transmission via the transfusion of blood and blood components. PMID: 33110633 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 30, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

"Virtual Interdisciplinary COVID-19 Team": A Hospital Pandemic Preparedness Approach.
We report our experience with the systematic application of the "4S" principle to guide our institutional preparedness plan for COVID-19. We used an innovative "virtual interdisciplinary COVID-19 team" approach to consolidate our hospital readiness. PMID: 33110634 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 30, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Factors Influencing Healthcare Professionals' Perception towards EHR/EMR Systems in Gulf Cooperation Council Countries: A Systematic Review.
Authors: Alanazi B, Butler-Henderson K, Alanazi MR Abstract Electronic health and medical records are widely adopted in many healthcare settings worldwide to improve the quality of care. Users' perception is a significant factor influencing the successful implementation and use of e-health technologies. This systematic review aimed to identify factors influencing the perceptions of healthcare professionals towards the adoption and use of electronic health and medical record systems to improve the quality of healthcare services in the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council. We identified primary studies evaluatin...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 30, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Preparing the Community for a Vaccine Against COVID-19.
Authors: Al Awaidy ST, Khamis F PMID: 33110636 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 30, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Modulation of Interleukin-8 Production by Vitamin D Supplementation in Indonesian Patients with Diabetic Polyneuropathy: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
Conclusions: Higher IL-8 levels were correlated with poorer amplitude of the sensory sural nerve and the NCV of motor tibial nerves. Lower vitamin 25(OH)D levels were correlated with poorer distal latencies, amplitudes, and NCVs. There was no significant correlation between vitamin 25(OH)D and IL-8 levels. Thus, no sufficient evidence that vitamin D supplementation modulates IL-8 in Indonesian patients with DPN. Vitamin D3 improved NCSs in diabetic patients. PMID: 33093965 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 24, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

COVID-19 Infection in Oman.
Authors: Wiwanitkit V PMID: 33093966 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 24, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Humoral Immune Memory to Hepatitis B Vaccine after Primary Vaccination of Children and Adolescents in Assiut, Egypt.
Authors: Salama II, Sami SM, Elserougy SM, Emam HM, Salama SI, Elhariri HM, Hemeda SA, Hassanain AI, Abdel Mohsen AM, Fouad WA, El Etreby LA, Said ZN Abstract Objectives: We sought to assess the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) seroprotection among vaccinated children in the Assiut governorate, Egypt, and assess a booster dose immune memory response among non-seroprotected children. Methods: Using a multistage cluster sample, 566 children were recruited from three clusters: one urban and two rural. Children were aged from nine months to 16 years old. All participants received the full three doses of the co...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 23, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Association between Stress, Sleep Quality and Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction: Simulated Mars Mission.
Authors: Abstract [This retracts the article DOI: 10.5001/omj.2013.59.]. PMID: 33083034 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 23, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Prevalence of Red Blood Cell Alloimmunization among Transfused Chronic Kidney Disease Patients in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia.
Conclusions: One-eighth of our patient cohort had RBC alloimmunization, and the risk was increased in patients with a history of pregnancy. We propose Rhesus RBC phenotyping and to supply blood match Rhesus antigen in CKD patients, especially patients of reproductive age. PMID: 33083035 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 23, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Renal Epithelioid Angiomyolipoma: A Case Report and Review of Literature.
We reported a 31-year-old female who had a history of renal failure and bilateral renal masses. Magnetic resonance imaging of the abdomen revealed bilateral large renal masses replacing renal parenchyma with features suggestive of bilateral renal AML. The patient underwent left nephrectomy, and histopathology examination findings were consistent with the diagnosis of EAML. PMID: 33083036 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 23, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Anabolic Steroid Use and Aortic Dissection in Athletes: A Case Series.
We present a case series of isolated ascending aorta dissection in athletes who were bodybuilders. All cases were evaluated by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and laboratory exams. These cases also served as a reminder of the risks of ascending aorta dissection with AAS, especially in strength athletes who place high demands on their musculoskeletal structures. The results of the current study suggested that anabolic steroid abuse may be associated with detrimental effects on the myocardium represented as cardiomyopathy or atherosclerotic changes in the coronary artery as MI. These findings also strongly suggest that ...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 23, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Chronic Q Fever Endocarditis in an Omani Child: The First Pediatric Case Report from Oman.
We report the first case of Q fever endocarditis in an Omani child. The affected 11-year-old female lives in the Al Batinah governorate in the north of Oman and was known to have congenital heart disease. She presented with features of chronic blood culture-negative endocarditis. The C. burnetii infection was confirmed with the indirect immunofluorescence assay. The patient responded well to a combination of doxycycline and hydroxychloroquine therapy. PMID: 33083038 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 23, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Imaging of Pharyngocele: An Occupational Overuse Syndrome.
We present a case of bilateral neck swelling, which occurred doing the Valsalva maneuver with imaging studies. PMID: 33083039 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 23, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Medical Liability of Healthcare Professionals Under Omani Law: A Primer.
Authors: Al-Azri NH Abstract Professionals in healthcare face, not infrequently, medical liability issues in their practice. Worldwide, patient safety has become a major medical, legal, ethical, political, and economic concern. Oman has witnessed a leap in its medical and legal spheres over the last half a century. Developments in healthcare services in the country have taken place in parallel with developments in legal awareness regarding patient safety and bodily integrity. However, many healthcare practitioners remain unaware of medical liability essentials in their daily practice. Neither basic medical educatio...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 23, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Calcified Gall Bladder in a 52-year-old Man.
Authors: Rodrigues G, Veerabhadrappa B, Khan A PMID: 33083041 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 23, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Cutaneous Sarcoidosis: A Case of the Great Imitator.
Authors: Hayati F, Zainudin SP, Abidin ZAZ PMID: 33083042 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 23, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Letter in Reply: A Case of the Great Imitator.
Authors: Al-Riyami HA, Al-Kiyumi MH, Al-Harthi RR, Al-Mahrezi AM PMID: 33083043 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 23, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Letter in Reply: COVID-19 Infection in Oman.
Authors: Khamis F, Al Awaidy ST PMID: 33083044 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 23, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Demographic Features and Etiology of Congenital Hypothyroidism at the National Diabetes and Endocrine Center in Oman from 2004 to 2016.
Authors: Al Jafari M, Jose S, Al Senani A Abstract Objectives: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the most common endocrine disorder in neonates as well as one of the few preventable causes of severe learning difficulties. Early screening, diagnosis, and treatment are mandatory to prevent later sequelae. We sought to determine the demographic and the clinical features of CH in Oman. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study, including all Omani children newly diagnosed with CH from January 2004 to December 2016 followed at the National Diabetes and Endocrine Center at the Royal Hospital. Those ...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 20, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Clinical Presentation, Treatment, and Outcome of Acromegaly in the United Arab Emirates.
Authors: Al Dahmani K, Afandi B, Elhouni A, Dinwal D, Philip J, Bashier A, Beshyah SA, Nagelkerke N, Alkaabi JM Abstract Objectives: We sought to ascertain the clinical characteristics and control rate of acromegaly in the UAE. Methods: We conducted a multicenter retrospective analysis of all patients presenting with acromegaly to six endocrine centers in the UAE between November 2010 and December 2018. Demographic, clinical, biochemical, and radiologic data were collected. Patients were considered controlled if normal insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) level and growth hormone
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 2, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Family Functional-based Coaching Program on Healthy Behavior for Glycemic Control among Indonesian Communities: A Quasi-experimental Study.
Conclusions: It can be concluded that a family functional-based coaching program is feasible to implement among uncontrolled T2DM in a large scale study. PMID: 32995047 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 2, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Academic Adjustment, Emotional Intelligence, and Fear of Missing Out among Undergraduate Students: A Descriptive Correlational Study.
Conclusions: Further researches and strategies should be developed to help students control the technology they use so they can be utilized effectively for the right purposes. PMID: 32995048 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - October 2, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Cross-cultural Adaptation and Psychometric Properties of the Arabic Version of the Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity.
Authors: Alqahtani BA, Alenazi AM Abstract Objectives: The purpose of the study was to cross-culturally adapt the Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity (RAPA) for Arabic speaking people and examine the test-retest reliability and the construct validity in Saudi older adults. Methods: Test-retest reliability was assessed over two testing visits occurring one week apart. The construct validity was examined between RAPA and Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) and Timed Up and Go (TUG) tests. Results: The original RAPA was translated into Arabic following standardized guidelines. For the test-retest relia...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - September 22, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Metformin-induced Lactic Acidosis Reported in the Youngest Pediatric Patient with Impaired Renal Function.
Authors: Al-Abdwani R Abstract Metformin is a widely used biguanide for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Metformin-induced lactic acidosis (MALA) is a rare but potentially fatal entity in the pediatric age group, seen mainly in suicide attempts in adolescents. MALA has not yet been reported in younger patients or pediatric patients taking regular therapeutic doses. Here, we report a three-year-old female receiving therapeutic metformin who developed MALA. MALA should be suspected in patients with unexplained lactic acidosis and on regular metformin, especially in the setting of renal impairment or hypoxic...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - September 22, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Iron Deficiency Anemia in Pregnancy: Novel Approaches for an Old Problem.
Authors: Garzon S, Cacciato PM, Certelli C, Salvaggio C, Magliarditi M, Rizzo G Abstract Iron needs increase exponentially during pregnancy to meet the increased demands of the fetoplacental unit, to expand maternal erythrocyte mass, and to compensate for iron loss at delivery. In more than 80% of countries in the world, the prevalence of anemia in pregnancy is> 20% and could be considered a major public health problem. The global prevalence of anemia in pregnancy is estimated to be approximately 41.8%. Undiagnosed and untreated iron deficiency anemia (IDA) can have a great impact on maternal and fetal health. I...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - September 22, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Local Usage of Nigella sativa Oil as an Innovative Method to Attenuate Primary Dysmenorrhea: A Randomized Double-blind Clinical Trial.
This study was conducted on 124 female students. The mean age of students, mean age of first menarche, body mass index, and pain severity were not significantly different in the two groups (p> 0.050). No adverse effects were observed during the study. The results of ANCOVA showed that pain intensity in N. sativa oil group was significantly decreased compared to that of the placebo group (0.6 score; p
Source: Oman Medical Journal - September 22, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research