Retraction of Letter to the Editor: Exploding Head Syndrome with Co-morbid Sleep Apnea.
Authors: Abstract [This retracts the article DOI: 10.5001/omj.2017.32.]. PMID: 32426165 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - May 21, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Unilateral Cervical Lymphadenopathy.
Authors: Al Awfi MM, Al Badaai Y, Al Haddabi I PMID: 32411416 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - May 17, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Implications of Language Barriers for Healthcare: A Systematic Review.
Conclusions: The results of our review suggest that implementing online translation tools such as Google Translate and MediBabble may improve the quality of healthcare and the level of satisfaction among both medical providers and patients. PMID: 32411417 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - May 17, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Identification of Sonographic Features for Predicting Benign Versus Malignant Mediastinal or Hilar Lymph Nodes Using Endobronchial Ultrasound.
Conclusions: The morphological features of LNs based on endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration can play a role in predicting malignancy. PMID: 32405434 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - May 16, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Prevalence of Depression among Oman Medical Specialty Board (OMSB) Residents.
Conclusions: Depression is a common issue among medical residents. Health education on the harmful effects of depression needs to be addressed. Further research on the consequences of depression and its effects on quality of life and academic performance is needed. PMID: 32395259 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - May 14, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Disseminated Actinomycosis A Rare Cause of Abdominal Pain: A Case Report.
We report a case of a 59-year-old female who presented to our center with a three-month history of abdominal pain and weight loss. Initial workup revealed the presence of a suspicious hepatic mass, circumferential wall thickening of the transverse colon, and pericardial effusion. Exploratory laparotomy with a surgical biopsy of the hepatic mass was performed, and the histopathologic picture was consistent with actinomycosis. The patient was treated successfully despite the initial diagnostic challenges and complicated hospital course. PMID: 32395260 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - May 14, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Postoperative Functional and Cosmetic Satisfaction among Subjects Undergoing Open Versus Endonasal Septorhinoplasty: Five Years' Experience from an Open-label Study at a Tertiary Care Center in Oman.
Conclusions: Males undergoing septorhinoplasty for functional indications expressed significant satisfaction with the open surgical approach compared with the endonasal approach on the cosmetic satisfaction scale. This study could accrue only 185 patients during the five-year study period and hence was unable to generate any significant evidence to prove any differences in postoperative functional and cosmetic satisfaction outcomes within sub-groups based on other indications for surgery for males and females separately. PMID: 32373349 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - May 7, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Pulmonary Alveolar Microlithiasis: A Case Report.
We report the case of a 33-year-old Omani male who was referred to our institute with a history of fever and shortness of breath. A chest radiograph revealed bilateral dense consolidation. Chest computed tomography showed bilateral dense interlobular thickening and extensive consolidations with a lower lung predominance. Our findings were highly suggestive of PAM. The diagnosis was confirmed by bronchoalveolar lavage. PMID: 32328294 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - April 26, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Gestation-wise Reference Ranges of Neutrophil Counts in Indian Newborns.
Authors: Al-Mendalawi MD PMID: 32328295 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - April 26, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Letter in Reply: Gestation-wise Reference Ranges of Neutrophil Counts in Indian Newborns.
Authors: Mondal R, Das A, Hazra A PMID: 32328296 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - April 26, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

COVID-19 Pandemic: A New Chapter in the History of Infectious Diseases.
Authors: Balkhair AA PMID: 32328297 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - April 26, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Successful Treatment of Recalcitrant Actinomycetoma of Gluteal Area with Combined Medical Treatment and Surgical Excision with Graft Reconstruction.
We report a case of gluteal actinomycetoma in an Omani man, treated successfully by combined medical treatment and surgical excision with graft reconstruction after failure of different regimens of antimicrobials. PMID: 32308989 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - April 21, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Aspiration Pneumonia Due to Migration of Fracture Tracheostomy Tube after 14 Years of Use.
We report a rare case of a 29-year-old man with a known leukodystrophy disorder whose tracheostomy tube was never changed in 14 years. He presented with signs of sepsis and respiratory distress. The management and intraoperative findings, including recommendations for tracheostomy care, were described. PMID: 32308990 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - April 21, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

The Psychological Models of Health-related Behavior in Understanding Sugars Intake in Adults: A Review.
Authors: Al Rawahi SH, Asimakopoulou K, Masood M, Al Bulushi NM, Al Yaqoobi KH, Newton JT Abstract Free sugars intake plays a major role in dental caries formation and other general health issues such as obesity. Therefore, interventions, which assist individuals or populations in the control of their free sugars intake, are of central importance in caries prevention strategies. There is good evidence that behavioral interventions benefit from a foundation in conceptual theories of behavior change founded on empirical data. In this review, we discuss the future application of seven theories, including six common ps...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - April 21, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

The Effects of Wet Cupping Therapy on Fasting Blood Sugar, Renal Function Parameters, and Endothelial Function: A Single-arm Intervention Study.
Conclusions: This study provides preliminary support that repeated wet cupping therapy enhances body health status; thus, it could be an effective complementary medicine in disease prevention. PMID: 32257417 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - April 9, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Occurrence of Multidrug-resistant Uropathogens Implicated in Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Adults with Sickle Cell Disease in Ile-Ife, Southwest Nigeria.
Conclusions: The prevalence of ASB is high in patients with SCD predominantly among females. Rare multidrug-resistant uropathogens were implicated. We posit a need for resistance surveillance programs and antibiotic stewardship to prevent treatment failure and reduce drug resistance. PMID: 32257418 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - April 9, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Prevalence and Risk Factors Associated with Anabolic-androgenic Steroid Use: A Cross-sectional Study among Gym Users in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Conclusions: Our study provides clear evidence that the lifetime prevalence of AAS use is high among male gym members in Riyadh with modifiable risk factors. The results could help public health policymakers to take the necessary measures to alleviate the potential negative implications of AAS use at the community level. PMID: 32257419 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - April 9, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Effective Treatments for Bladder Cancer Affecting CXCL9/CXCL10/CXCL11/CXCR3 Axis: A Review.
Authors: Nazari A, Ahmadi Z, Hassanshahi G, Abbasifard M, Taghipour Z, Falahati-Pour SK, Khorramdelazad H Abstract Bladder cancer (BC) originates mainly from the epithelial compartment of the bladder, which is defined as transitional cell carcinoma or urothelial cell carcinoma. About 70% of patients with BC will survive five years from diagnosis. Previous studies revealed that the immune system and its mediators, particularly chemokines, play a crucial role in modulating responses against BC. Chemokines, which serve as chemoattractants for leukocytes, are small proteins that can initiate inflammatory and anti-infla...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - March 18, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

'See and Treat' Clinic Service Evaluation at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Abu Dhabi.
Authors: Ghaleb WEA, Almemari A, Qayyum H Abstract Objectives: We sought to evaluate the performance provided at a 'See and Treat' (ST) clinic at a tertiary hospital emergency department (ED) in Abu Dhabi, UAE, and to assess its impact on ED crowding. Methods: We conducted a retrospective electronic medical chart review and database analyses. We included patients triaged as triage level 4 (T4) and triage level 5 (T5) as per the Emergency Severity Index treated at ED in the ST clinic and other ED areas, including the off-site Urgent Care Centre (UCC) between 1 June 2016 and 30 June 2017. We analyzed a group of p...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - March 18, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Polymyalgia Rheumatica (PMR) and Lung Involvement: The Forgotten Association.
Authors: Hammoda HMB, Al Saleh J, Mahmood K, Darwish OAHM, Musa MEA, Rezzek MS Abstract Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is an inflammatory condition of unknown etiology, commonly occurring in the elderly and is associated with a good prognosis. Patients usually present with pain in the neck, shoulders, and hips. The onset is often abrupt and is associated with depression and flu-like symptoms. Lung involvement in patients with PMR is unusual. Here we report a rare case of a 66-year-old man who presented with clinical features of PMR and respiratory symptoms, namely exertional dyspnea and dry cough. PMID: 32181007 ...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - March 18, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Developing and Validating the Functional, Communicative, and Critical Health Literacy Questionnaire among the Iranian General Population.
Conclusions: The results we obtained indicate that this newly constructed health literacy tool is highly valid and reliable. Prospective studies are required to evaluate the predictive validity of the scale with regard to health outcomes. PMID: 32181008 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - March 18, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Suction Hoses of Dental Units as a Potential Source of Microbial Contamination.
Conclusions: Suction hoses were heavily contaminated with bacteria, especially opportunistic pathogens, and current disinfection does not adequately control the contamination. PMID: 32181009 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - March 18, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Letter in Reply: Gender Differences and Obesity Influence on Pulmonary Function Parameters.
Authors: Zakaria R, Harif N, Ahmad AH PMID: 32128260 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - March 5, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Histoplasmosis: An Emerging or Neglected Disease in Bangladesh? 
A Systematic Review.
Authors: Rahim MA, Zaman S, Amin MR, Uddin KN, Ma JC Abstract Histoplasmosis is uncommon in many parts of the world, including Bangladesh, where, in recent years, cases are increasingly reported. We sought to describe the sociodemographic characteristics, clinical presentation, investigations, treatment, and outcome of histoplasmosis in Bangladesh. We conducted a retrospective data review of published literature from 1962 to 2017, containing information on histoplasmosis in and/or from Bangladesh. Unpublished, well-documented histoplasmosis cases were also included. A total of 26 male patients aged 8-75 years, with...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - February 27, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Dystonia in Ataxia Telangiectasia: A Case Report with Novel Mutations.
Authors: Zaki-Dizaji M, Tajdini M, Kiaee F, Shojaaldini H, Badv RS, Abolhassani H, Aghamohammadi A Abstract Ataxia telangiectasia (A-T) is a common, genetically inherited cause of early childhood-onset ataxia that is classically characterized by progressive cerebellar malfunction, oculocutaneous telangiectasia, genome instability, and immunodeficiency. There is vast phenotype variation in patients with A-T and recently, dystonia, an extrapyramidal movement disorder. Here, we report the case of a 10-year-old girl who had experienced repeated diarrhea and mild gait ataxia since the age of two years. At age seven, ata...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - February 27, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Sarcoidosis Presenting as a Penile Lesion: A Case Report.
We report the case of a 63-year-old man who presented initially with an isolated single penile lesion. He subsequently developed multiple skin nodules over his right arm, chest, and trunk. The diagnosis of sarcoidosis was made based on clinical, radiological, and histopathological reports. The patient responded well to steroids. PMID: 32095277 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - February 27, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Pulmonary Cystic Echinococcosis: Two Cases, Two Treatment Options.
Authors: Babiker A, Gaifer Z Abstract Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonotic infection caused by the tapeworm of the genus Echinococcus, a cestode endemic in many parts of the world. CE can affect any organ, with the lung being the second most commonly affected organ after the liver. For the management of pulmonary CE, guidelines recommend surgical resection of cysts with adjuvant anti-helminthic therapy. In cases where surgery is not possible, medical therapy alone can be used. However, to date, there is a paucity of data to advocate for one modality over the other. Here, we report two cases of pulmonary CE caus...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - February 27, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Increasing Thyroid Cancer Incidence in Oman: A Joinpoint Trend Analysis.
Authors: Al-Lawati NA, Shenoy SM, Al-Bahrani BJ, Al-Lawati JA Abstract Objectives: We sought to investigate the epidemiology of thyroid cancer and its trends in Oman over a 20-year period. Methods: We analyzed all cases of primary thyroid cancer reported to the Oman National Cancer Registry between 1996 and 2015. Age-standardized incidence rates (ASR) were calculated using the World Standard Population. Joinpoint regression was used to assess trends and obtain annual percentage changes (APC) in incidence rates with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) and p-values at the alpha = 0.050 level. Gender-specific APC wa...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - February 27, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Mortality and Morbidity in HFrEF, HFmrEF, and HFpEF Patients with Diabetes in the Middle East.
Authors: Al-Jarallah M, Rajan R, Al-Zakwani I, Dashti R, Bulbanat B, Ridha M, Sulaiman K, Alsheikh-Ali AA, Panduranga P, AlHabib KF, Al Suwaidi J, Al-Mahmeed W, AlFaleh H, Elasfar A, Al-Motarreb A, Bazargani N, Asaad N, Amin H Abstract Objectives: We sought to estimate the mortality and morbidity in diabetic acute heart failure (AHF) patients stratified by left ventricular ejection fraction. Methods: We analyzed the data of patients with AHF from seven Middle Eastern countries (Bahrain, Oman, Yemen, Kuwait, UAE, Qatar, and Saudi Arabia) from February to November 2012, who were enrolled in a multinational regist...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - February 27, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Gender Differences and Obesity Influence on Pulmonary Function Parameters.
Authors: Al-Mendalawi MD PMID: 32095281 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - February 27, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Meropenem Induced Skin Drug Eruption in Infectious Mononucleosis: Immunological Phenomena or Non-immunological Phenomena?
Authors: Hakamifard A, Saffaei A PMID: 32095282 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - February 27, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Immune-mediated Skin Disorders and their Oral Manifestations in the Omani Population: A Hospital-based Study.
Conclusions: Several IMDs have considerable oral involvement. These oral manifestations of the diseases may be overlooked by other specialists leading to a delay in the diagnosis and its management. In order to circumvent this delay, the analysis and evaluation of a disease need to be done by a team comprising of a dental surgeon, dermatologist, and an oral medicine specialist. PMID: 32042465 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - February 13, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Home Accidents among Children: 
A Retrospective Study at a Tertiary Care Center in Oman.
Conclusions: Despite this study being a single-center study in Oman, it indicates a high prevalence and severity of unintentional home accidents among children. The study findings suggest the need for implementing strategies to raise public awareness of child safety at home and to improve the preparedness of healthcare providers in ED to deal with such accidents. PMID: 32042466 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - February 13, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Unilateral Tongue Angioedema Induced by Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitor: A Case Report.
We report the case of a 78-year-old woman who presented with unilateral right side tongue angioedema, which occurred after two years of lisinopril use. She did not have any respiratory distress and her symptoms had completely resolved after twelve hours of observation. Lisinopril was discontinued and no recurrence of angioedema was reported. PMID: 32042467 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - February 13, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Atrophic Plaques Over the Face.
Authors: Al-Qassabi AM, Al Harthy A PMID: 32042468 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - February 13, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

The Possible Link Between Vitamin D Levels and Exudative Age-related Macular Degeneration.
Conclusions: Serum 25(OH)D3 levels may have an impact on the neovascular type of AMD. As 25(OH)D3 levels decrease, the frequency of AMD increases. PMID: 31993223 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - January 31, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Evaluation of Hospital Referral Notes for Pulmonary Function Tests at Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Oman.
Authors: Al Hinai R, Al Jabri A, Jothi B, Al Sinawi N, Al Rajaibi H, Al Hashmi K, Jaju D Abstract Objectives: There is substantial increase in referrals for investigations at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH). Evaluating the quality of hospital referral notes (RNs) is necessary from diagnostic, patient, and economic perspectives. RNs for pulmonary function tests (PFTs) can be considered as representative of the array of tests performed at SQUH. Methods: This cross-sectional study evaluated the quality of RNs based on 'completeness' for all consecutive patients referred for PFTs at SQUH over six months. E...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - January 31, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Role of Fiberoptic Bronchoscopy in the Rapid Diagnosis of Sputum Smear-negative Disseminated Tuberculosis with Pulmonary Miliary Infiltrates.
Conclusions: Bronchoscopy proved to be an effective method for the rapid diagnosis of disseminated TB in patients in whom sputum smear microscopy was negative. PMID: 31993225 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - January 31, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Increased QT Interval Dispersion is Associated with Coronary Artery Involvement in Children with 
Kawasaki Disease.
Authors: Moghadam EA, Hamzehlou L, Moazzami B, Mehri M, Ziaee V Abstract Objectives: Coronary artery (CA) involvement is the most well known complication of Kawasaki disease (KD). Previous studies have suggested that QT dispersion has a predictive value in diagnosing cardiac ischemia, ventricular arrhythmia, and sudden cardiac death. However, limited data exits regarding the application of QT dispersion in KD. Therefore, we sought to determine whether there is a relationship between QT dispersion and CA involvement in patients with KD. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study of all consecutive patients wi...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - January 31, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Factors Related to Relapse in Patients with Substance-related Disorders under Methadone Maintenance Therapy: Decision Tree Analysis.
Conclusions: Knowing the main factors associated with substance abuse relapse could be important for health care providers to make better decisions for improving the treatment outcomes of SRDs. PMID: 31993227 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - January 31, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Effects of Hyperbaric Oxygen on T helper 17/regulatory T Polarization in Antigen and Collagen-induced Arthritis: Hypoxia-inducible Factor-1 α as a Target.
Effects of Hyperbaric Oxygen on T helper 17/regulatory T Polarization in Antigen and Collagen-induced Arthritis: Hypoxia-inducible Factor-1α as a Target. Oman Med J. 2020 Jan;35(1):e90 Authors: Harnanik T, Soeroso J, Suryokusumo MG, Juliandhy T Abstract Objectives: We sought to investigate and prove the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) on T helper 17 (Th17)/regulatory T (Treg) cell polarization through changes in the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) animal model. Methods: We used antigen and collagen-induced arthritis (ACIA) ...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - January 31, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Related to Common Eye Diseases among the Omani Population: How Far Have We Come?
Authors: Al-Mujaini AS PMID: 31993229 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - January 31, 2020 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Primary Health Care in Oman: Shaping the Future.
Authors: Al-Mahrezi A, Al-Kiyumi M PMID: 31745410 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - November 22, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Cystic Fibrosis Liver Disease: Know More.
Authors: Al Sinani S, Al-Mulaabed S, Al Naamani K, Sultan R Abstract Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a multisystem disease caused by mutations in the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. CFTR is expressed in the apical surface of cholangiocytes. Homozygous CFTR gene mutation results in viscous and acidic bile secretions secondary to deficient surface fluid and bicarbonate efflux. Viscous, inspissated bile causes ductular obstruction and hepatotoxicity from retained bile components, leading to fibrosis and ultimately cirrhosis, known as CF liver disease (CFLD). CFLD is the third leading cause of death in CF p...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - November 22, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

HIV Drug Resistance among Patients Failing Therapy at a Tertiary Center in Oman: A Case Record Review.
Conclusions: HIV drug resistance is very common among HIV patients failing ART in Oman, and should be considered in those patients. Switching ART treatment based on the resistance test result leads to a good virological response in adherent patients. PMID: 31745412 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - November 22, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Prevalence of Red Blood Cell Major Blood Group Antigens and Phenotypes among Omani Blood Donors.
Conclusion: This is the first study to examine the frequencies of RBC phenotypes among the Omani blood donors. The study's results show Duffy blood group frequencies that resemble what has been reported in the African population, and higher frequencies of the rare null phenotypes compared to European populations. PMID: 31745413 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - November 22, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Integrating Safety Attitudes and Safety Stressors into Safety Climate and Safety Behavior Relations: The Case of Healthcare Professionals in Abu Dhabi.
Conclusions: The study suggests that safety attitudes may also regulate the impact of perceptions of management values regarding safety, policies, and procedures. It is highly likely that healthcare professionals who experience a positive workplace safety climate will form positive safety attitudes that encourage safety behavior. In addition, the homogeneous characteristics of healthcare professionals' in the UAE may also offer the positive coping strategy that caused the insignificant moderating effect of safety stressors on the relationship between safety climates, safety attitudes, and safety behaviors. PMID: 317454...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - November 22, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Ecological Niche Modeling of West Nile Virus Vector in Northwest of Iran.
Conclusions: Two large areas were found as the ecological niches of larvae of these species. It is recommended that additional investigations be carried out on infection in adult female Cx. pipiens and its hosts in these areas. PMID: 31745415 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - November 22, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Nurses' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Implementation of Evidence-based Practice in Oman: A Multi-institutional, Cross-sectional Study.
Conclusion: Although attitudes towards EBP were positive, knowledge and implementation of EBP were low. This study serves as a baseline assessment for future evaluations and provides a basis for the implementation of strategies to promote EBP utilization among nurses in three different health care settings in Oman. PMID: 31745416 [PubMed] (Source: Oman Medical Journal)
Source: Oman Medical Journal - November 22, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research

Knowledge and Competency of Novice Nursing Students in Nasogastric Tube Feeding: Is Simulation Better than Case Scenario?
Authors: Karkada S, Radhakrishnan J, Natarajan J, Matua GA, Kaddoura M Abstract Objectives: As the millennial generation enters the nursing profession, simulation takes on a key role in effective pedagogy. We sought to examine the efficacy of simulation versus case scenario as a teaching method for novice nursing students in the skill of nasogastric tube (NGT) feeding. We assessed the knowledge, competency, self-confidence, and satisfaction among these nursing students. Methods: This quasi-experimental study was used to compare the efficacy of simulation and case scenarios in promoting knowledge, clinical compe...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - November 22, 2019 Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research