Whole-Body Vibration Training Increases Stem/Progenitor Cell Circulation Levels and May Attenuate Inflammation.
The objective was to explore the effects of WBVT on circulating stem/progenitor cell (CPC) and cytokine levels. METHODS: Healthy male subjects each performed three activities randomly on separate days: (1) standing platform vibration, (2) repetitive leg squat exercise; and (3) in combination. Pre- and post-activity blood samples were drawn. Cell populations were characterized using flow cytometry. Biomarkers were analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. RESULTS: CPC levels increased significantly 21% with exercise alone (1465 ± 202-1770 ± 221 cells/mL; P = 0.017...
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Traumatic Brain Injuries: Unreported and Untreated in an Army Population.
This study addressed mTBI history, medical treatment history, and stigmas associated with mTBI/concussion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire was developed. Data collection occurred throughout March 2018 in conjunction with Brain Injury Awareness Month activities. RESULTS: All 5,174 volunteers were Army; 86% male; 87% were between 18 and 34 years old; 89% had
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Tactical Combat Casualty Care Training, Knowledge, and Utilization in the US Army.
CONCLUSIONS:
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Scholarly Output by Army General Surgery Residents.
Authors: Plackett TP, Gagliano RA, Kuehn RB, Deveaux PJ, Seery JM Abstract INTRODUCTION: To characterize and compare the scholarly activity of applicants to Army First Year Graduate Medical Education (FYGME) general surgery positions over the course of a residency. METHODS: All applicants for the 2011-2012 Army FYGME positions in general surgery were included. Applications were used to obtain demographics and peer-reviewed publications. Publications were verified using PubMed and Google Scholar. Applicants were tracked for acceptance to a FYGME position, graduation from a general surgery program, and future pub...
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Materials Characterization of Cranial Simulants for Blast-Induced Traumatic Brain Injury.
CONCLUSIONS: These materials are intended for use as layered cranial phantoms in a shock tube and open field blasts, with focus on observing phenomena occurring at the interfaces of adjacent tissue simulant types or material-fluid boundaries. Mechanistic findings from these studies may be used to inform the design of protective gear to mitigate blast injuries. PMID: 32074306 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Considerations for Development of Exposure Limits for Chemicals Encountered During Aircraft Operation.
CONCLUSIONS: Efforts to develop operational exposure limits would benefit from guidance on how to make use of existing assessments and expanded databases of the impact of environmental stressors on adult human physiology. PMID: 32074307 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Intravenous and Intraosseous Blood Transfusion With Three Different Pediatric Pressure Transfusion Strategies in an Immature Swine (Sus scrofa) Model of Hemorrhagic Shock: A Pilot Study.
Authors: Bianchi W, George T, McEvoy C, Piehl M, Manzano A, Boboc M, Zarow GJ, Natarajan R, Gaspary MJ, Auten J, Roszko PJD Abstract INTRODUCTION: Exsanguination remains the leading cause of preventable death in military conflicts, and pediatric casualties are common. Transfusion is crucial to preserve life, but vascular access is challenging in children, so intraosseous (IO) access is often required. However, the optimal transfusion method is unclear. There was therefore the need for feasibility testing of a model for contrasting the efficacy of blood infusion devices via intravenous (IV) and IO access in immature...
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Histopathological Evidence of Multiple Organ Damage After Simulated Aeromedical Evacuation in a Swine Acute Lung Injury Model.
Authors: Scultetus AH, Jefferson MA, Haque A, Hubbell JN, Arnaud FG, Moon-Massat P, McCarron RM, Malone DL Abstract INTRODUCTION: Rapid aeromedical evacuation (AE) is standard of care in current conflicts. However, not much is known about possible effects of hypobaric conditions. We investigated possible effects of hypobaria on organ damage in a swine model of acute lung injury. METHODS: Lung injury was induced in anesthetized swine via intravenous oleic acid infusion. After a stabilization phase, animals were subjected to a 4 hour simulated AE at 8000 feet (HYPO). Control animals were kept at normobaria. ...
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

When Exception to Policy Is Exceptional Policy: How Booking Physical Therapy Appointments Too Far in the Future May Adversely Impact Access to Care, Business Optimization, and Readiness.
CONCLUSIONS: At Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, 17% of new appointments were lost when they were booked over 20 days in advance; additionally, NS and PC rates were greatest after 20 days from consultation. PMID: 32074310 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Novel Pharmacological Targets for Combat PTSD-Metabolism, Inflammation, The Gut Microbiome, and Mitochondrial Dysfunction.
CONCLUSIONS: Systemic pathologies that are intricately involved in brain functioning and behavior may not only contribute to somatic comorbidities in PTSD, but may represent novel targets for treating core psychiatric symptoms. PMID: 32074311 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Improve Lifespan of Stored Blood.
CONCLUSIONS: This work suggests that CeONPs may be a promising additive for extending storage and function of blood and blood products. PMID: 32074312 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Relationship of Anthropometric Measures on Female Trainees' and Active Duty Soldiers' Performance of Common Soldiering Tasks.
CONCLUSION: Female trainees and soldiers who are taller and heavier with a higher BMI may demonstrate better performance on CSTs required of all soldiers. In addition to task-specific training, performance of CSTs may be enhanced in tasks requiring strength and power by recruiting and retaining taller and heavier females with a higher BMIs. Allowances should be considered for soldiers and trainees who can successfully perform soldiering tasks with high physical demands despite less desirable anthropometric measurements. PMID: 32074313 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

It Totally Possibly Could Be: How a Group of Military Physicians Reflect on Their Clinical Reasoning in the Presence of Contextual Factors.
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that one major effect of contextual factors may be that they induce emotions, which may affect the process of clinical reasoning and diagnostic error. It also suggests that uncertainty may be common in clinical practice, and we should thus further explore its impact. PMID: 32074314 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Novel Approach for Detecting the Neurological or Behavioral Impact of Physiological Episodes (PEs) in Military Aircraft Crews.
CONCLUSION: Repetitive physiological episodes may initiate cellular injury, leading to neuronal degeneration in selected individuals. Diagnosis and intervention should occur at early postinjury periods. Use of blood-based biomarkers to assess subclinical brain injury would help in both diagnosis and treatment. PMID: 32074315 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Antibiotic Practice Patterns for Extremity Wound Infections among Blast-Injured Subjects.
CONCLUSIONS: Substantial variation in antibiotic prescribing patterns related to CEWIs warrants development of combat-related clinical practice guidelines beyond infection prevention, to include strategies to reduce the use of unnecessary antibiotics and improve stewardship. PMID: 32074316 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Army Antimalarial Drug Development: An Advanced Development Case Study for Tafenoquine.
This article will highlight the strategies used to move this critical antimalarial drug through the development pipeline. PMID: 32074317 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Military-Specific Normative Data for Cognitive and Motor Single- and Dual-Task Assessments for Use in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Assessment.
CONCLUSION: Differences in cognitive performance and postural stability measures may be influenced by demographic differences between military and civilian cohorts. Thus, military-specific normative datasets must be established to optimize clinical interpretation of Cleveland Clinic Concussion assessments. PMID: 32074318 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Drivers of Preference for Evidence-Based PTSD Treatment: A Qualitative Assessment.
CONCLUSIONS: By highlighting which pieces of information may be most important to detail when presenting different treatment options, these results can help guide treatment planning conversations, as well as the development of shared decision-making tools. PMID: 32074319 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of the DoD/VA Mobile Device Outcomes-Based Rehabilitation Program for High Functioning Service Members and Veterans with Lower Limb Amputation.
The objective was to determine if the Mobile Device Outcomes-based Rehabilitation Program (MDORP) improved strength, mobility, and gait quality in service members (SMs) and Veterans with lower limb amputation (LLA). METHODS: Seven SMs and 10 Veterans with LLA enrolled and were trained to use a mobile sensor system, called Rehabilitative Lower Limb Orthopedic Analysis Device (ReLOAD). ReLOAD provided participants with real-time assessment of gait deviations, subsequent corrective audio feedback, and exercise prescription for normalizing gait at home and in the community. After baseline testing, prosthetic gait and exerc...
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Chemokine Receptor Antagonists in Combination with Morphine as a Novel Strategy for Opioid Dose Reduction in Pain Management.
CONCLUSIONS: These results support the potential of a new "opioid-sparing" approach for pain treatment, which combines CRAs with reduced doses of morphine. PMID: 32074321 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Conceptualizations of Hooking Up Among Male Soldiers: A Qualitative Analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that perceptions of hookups among participants who were male soldiers are generally consistent with college populations, with some varying aspects. PMID: 32074322 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound for Assessment of Local Hemodynamic Changes Following a Rodent Contusion Spinal Cord Injury.
CONCLUSION: We conclude that CEUS has the spatial and temporal sensitivity and resolution to visualize local tissue perfusion and vessel architecture, which maybe useful clinically to determine injury extent and severity in patients with SCI. PMID: 32074323 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

A Randomized Trial of Mentored vs Nonmentored Military Medics Compared in the Application of a Wound Clamp Without Prior Training: When to Shut Up and Just Watch!
Discussion: WC application appeared to be an easily acquired technique that was effective in controlling simulated extremity exsanguination, such that RTM while feasible did not improve outcomes. Limitations were the lack of true stress and using simulation for the task. Future research should focus on determining when RTM is useful and when it is not required. PMID: 32074324 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

The ABCs of Ocular Trauma: Adapting a Familiar Mnemonic for Rapid Eye Exam in the Pre-Ophthalmic Zone of Care.
Authors: Kroesen CF, Snider M, Bailey J, Buchanan A, Karesh JW, La Piana F, Seefeldt E, Egan JA, Mazzoli RA Abstract Evaluation and management of eye trauma is daunting to many practitioners. For general medical emergencies, the familiar ABCs mnemonic serves to both recompose the provider as well as provide a logical order for evaluation and action. We recently adapted an ABCs mnemonic to provide non-ophthalmologists with a familiar method for systematically evaluating and managing eye trauma. A = ACUITY. Visual acuity is the most importance piece of information in eye trauma. B = BEST exam of B...
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

The Effect of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) on Cognitive Performance in a Sample of Active Duty U.S. Military Service Members.
Authors: Rice VJ, Schroeder PJ, Cassenti DN, Boykin GL Abstract INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is considered a signature injury from the fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan. Since the year 2000, over 370,000 U.S. active duty service members have been diagnosed with TBI. Although prior research has shown that even mild forms of TBI are associated with impaired cognitive performance, it is not clear which facets of cognition (computation, memory, reasoning, etc.) are impacted by injury. METHOD: In the present study, we compared active duty military volunteers (n = 88) with and without TBI on si...
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Development of a Leader Tool for Assessing and Mitigating Suicide Risk Factors.
CONCLUSIONS: This study provides initial psychometric data on a tool that prescribes concrete responses to mitigate risk. The LSRAT may be a valid and feasible tool to assist front-line commanders in identifying potential area's risk mitigation. Synchronization efforts between commanders, clinicians, and support services are crucial to ensure effective intervention to prevent suicide behavior. PMID: 32074327 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Evaluation of Blast Overpressure Exposure Effects on Concentration of Antibiotics in Mice.
CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that blast-induced physiologic changes significantly influence cefazolin PK and suggest that efficacy could be affected in the context of the blast; assessment of efficacy and PD effects require further investigation. Metabolic changes resulting from blast may influence other classes of antibiotics and other therapeutics used with these injuries. Therefore, this may have important treatment considerations in other areas of military medicine. PMID: 32074328 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Detection of Retinal Fibrosis in a Rabbit Model of Penetrating Eye Injury.
CONCLUSIONS: These data show that ocular fibrosis can be detected within 14 days after initial injury, with more severe fibrosis detected at 28 days postinjury. These results will be used to determine the optimal time points for later studies designed to test treatment strategies. PMID: 32074329 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

N-Acetyl-L-Cysteine Reduces Fibrosis and Improves Muscle Function After Acute Compartment Syndrome Injury.
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that NAC treatment of skeletal muscle after injury may be a viable option for the prevention of long-term fibrosis and scar formation, facilitating recovery of muscle function. PMID: 32074330 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

The Effects of Continual Intermittent Parathyroid Hormone Treatment on Human Periodontal Ligament Fibroblasts in an In Vitro Wound Repopulation Model.
CONCLUSION: Continual intermittent treatment with PTH has the potential to enhance proliferation and migration of PDLFs for wound repopulation at early time points. A dose-dependent correlation was seen with a positive trend on day 10 while a significant decrease on day 20. PMID: 32074331 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Assessing Surgical Task Load and Performance: A Comparison of Simulation and Maritime Operation.
CONCLUSIONS: Simulated motion was not associated with a significant difference in surgical performance or deck motion, suggesting that this simulator replicates the conditions experienced during surgery at sea on the U.S. Naval Ship Brunswick. However, Surgical TLX scores were dramatically different between the two phases, suggesting increased workload at sea, which may be the result of time at sea, the stress of travel, or other factors. Surgical performance was not affected by sea state in either phase. PMID: 32074332 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

PTSD Susceptibility and Challenges: Pathophysiological Consequences of Behavioral Symptoms.
CONCLUSION: Identification of neural biomarkers is essential to understand the subclinical symptoms for the diagnosis PTSD, which may not be visible by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI/fMRI) and may take years to clinically manifest. PMID: 32074333 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Maintaining Surgical Readiness While Deployed to Low-Volume Military Treatment Facilities: A Pilot Program for Clinical and Operational Sustainment Training in the Deployed Environment.
CONCLUSIONS: Maintaining readiness among Army surgeons is a difficult task, but a combination of increased trauma care while in garrison, as well as increased humanitarian care during deployments, may be helpful. Additionally, rotating providers from facilities caring for few combat casualties to facilities caring for more combat casualties may also be feasible, safe, and helpful. PMID: 32074334 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Scrambler Therapy Treatment: The Importance of Examining Clinically Meaningful Improvements in Chronic Pain and Quality of Life.
CONCLUSION: ST is no better than sham treatment in decreasing pain. Yet, patient perceptions of treatment effectiveness are equally important in chronic pain treatment. PMID: 32074335 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Cortical Thickness and Diffusion Properties in the Injured Brain: The Influence of Chronic Health Complaints.
CONCLUSIONS: Traumatic brain injury patients with chronic symptoms have more significant cortical thinning or degeneration of diffusion properties than the mild to severe TBI patients without chronic symptoms. This finding suggests that symptom reporting should be assessed in line with objective measures in clinical practice. PMID: 32074336 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Minimally Invasive Muscle Embedding Generates Donor-Cell-Derived Muscle Fibers that Express Desmin and Dystrophin.
Conclusion. We conclude that MIME helps generate muscle fibers of donor origin, in host muscle. PMID: 32074337 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Novel Antimicrobial Peptides Formulated in Chitosan Matrices are Effective Against Biofilms of Multidrug-Resistant Wound Pathogens.
CONCLUSIONS: Chitosan serves as an effective delivery platform for ASP-1 and ASP-2 to treat biofilm-embedded bacteria and warrants further development as a topical treatment. PMID: 32074338 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Effects of Extended Lower Extremity Cooling Following Zone 3 REBOA in a Porcine Hemorrhage Model.
CONCLUSION: While external cooling during prolonged Zone 3 resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta appears to decrease ischemic muscle injury, this benefit appears to be time dependent. As the ischemic time approaches 8 hours, the benefit from hypothermia decreases. PMID: 32074339 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Augmented Reality Forward Damage Control Procedures for Nonsurgeons: A Feasibility Demonstration.
CONCLUSIONS: A nonsurgeon, using a wearable commercial on-visual-axis telestration system, successfully performed a damage control procedure, demonstrating the plausibility of this approach. PMID: 32074340 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

U.S. Army Combat Medic eFAST Performance with a Novel Versus Conventional Transducers: A Randomized, Crossover Trial.
Authors: Ahern BJ, Monti JD, Naylor JF, Cronin AJ, Perreault MD Abstract BACKGROUND: Point-of-injury extended focused assessment with sonography in trauma (eFAST) may identify life-threatening torso hemorrhage and expedite casualty evacuation. The purpose of this study was to compare combat medic eFAST performance between the novel and conventional ultrasound (US) transducers. METHODS: We conducted a randomized crossover trial. Medic participants, previously naïve to US, were randomized to the type of transducer first utilized. The primary outcome was eFAST completion time in seconds. Secondary outcomes in...
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Proteomic Analysis of Inflammatory Biomarkers Associated With Breast Cancer Recurrence.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicated that the epigenetic regulation of inflammatory processes plays a critical role in breast cancer recurrence. The identified proteins could lay the groundwork for the development of a serum-based breast cancer recurrence assay. PMID: 32074342 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Low Incidence of Death and Renal Failure in United States Military Service Members Hospitalized with Exertional Heat Stroke: A Retrospective Cohort Study.
CONCLUSION: EHS is aggressively identified and treated in U.S. Military Treatment Facilities. Mortality and morbidity were strikingly low. PMID: 32074343 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Balancing Patient Care and Force Protection at Military Medical Treatment Facilities.
CONCLUSION: We identify the potential for patient harm due to delays in care resulting from the security protocols at our MTF. A review of force protection requirements with consideration for their impact on patient safety, especially in cases of time-sensitive conditions, has been conducted. PMID: 32074344 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

An Applied Test of Knowledge Translation Methods Using a Mobile Health Solution.
Authors: Armstrong CM, Ciulla RP, Williams SA, Micheel LJ Abstract INTRODUCTION: The study's objectives were to improve providers' knowledge of mobile health core competencies; increase providers' knowledge and clinical use of the Virtual Hope Box (VHB) mobile app as an evidence-based treatment tool; and test elements of a structured knowledge translation paradigm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: knowledge translation best practices were integrated into a training workshop with the goal to increase provider adoption of the VHB. Providers were trained at three sites and provided feedback before the training, post-trainin...
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Measuring Blunt Force Head Impacts in Athletes.
CONCLUSIONS: While these data are useful for preliminary human tolerance limits, a larger population must be used to quantify real-world dose response as a function of impact magnitude, direction, location, and accumulation. This work is ongoing. PMID: 32074346 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Telementoring in Leg Fasciotomies via Mixed-Reality: Clinical Evaluation of the STAR Platform.
CONCLUSIONS: This work validates STAR as a viable surgical telementoring platform, which could be further explored to aid in scenarios where life-saving care must be delivered in a prehospital setting. PMID: 32074347 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Initial Biphasic Fractional Anisotropy Response to Blast-Induced Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in a Mouse Model.
CONCLUSIONS: Blast-induced mild traumatic brain injury in a mouse model follows a biphasic FA response within 12 days after a single blast similar to that reported for human subjects. PMID: 32074348 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Predicting and Planning for Musculoskeletal Service-Connected Disabilities in VA Using Disability for Active Duty OEF/OIF Military Service Members.
CONCLUSIONS: Although active duty SM with disability separations were more likely to receive MSK-related service-connected disability ratings in the VA, those with normal separations also received such awards. Identifying those at highest risk for MSK-related disability could lead to improved surveillance and prevention strategies in the Department of Defense and VA health care systems to prevent further damage and disability. PMID: 32074349 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Influenza Vaccination, Self-reported Illness, and Obstacles for Vaccination Among the 2010 ROTC Warrior Forge Cadet Cohort.
CONCLUSIONS: A historical anchor for vaccination rates and ILI is provided in a large cohort of college students following the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic. Influenza immunization locations were determined, as was self-reported obstacles to receiving vaccinations. These are important results for public health leaders seeking to increase vaccination rates during future influenza seasons. PMID: 32074350 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Towards a Treatment for Gulf War Illness: A Consensus Docking Approach.
CONCLUSIONS: Development of a drug treatment therapy for GWI is threatened by the tight interplay between the immune and hormonal systems, often leading to drug interactions. Increasing knowledge of these interactions can lead to break-through therapies. PMID: 32074351 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Military Medicine)
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research