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Ultrasound and liver elastography - tools for detection and quantification of severity in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) in general population.
Authors: Sporea I PMID: 28845487 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - August 29, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Is Point of Care Ultrasound (PoCUS) integrated in clinical exam a key-tool for the future emergency physician?
Authors: Golea AC Abstract . PMID: 28845488 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - August 29, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Is Contrast Enhanced Ultrasonography a useful tool in a beginner's hand? How much can a Computer Assisted Diagnosis prototype help in characterizing the malignancy of focal liver lesions?
CONCLUSIONS: The most frequent lesions misdiagnosed at CEUS were FNH and HCC. The CAD prototype is a good comparing tool for a beginner operator that can be developed to assist the diagnosis. In order to increase the classification rate, the CAD system for FLL in CEUS must integrate the clinical data. PMID: 28845489 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - August 29, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Point shear wave speed measurement in differentiating benign and malignant focal liver lesions.
Authors: Dong Y, Wang WP, Xu Y, Cao J, Mao F, Dietrich CF Abstract AIM: To investigate the value of ElastPQ measurement for differential diagnosis of benign and malignant focal liver lesions (FLLs) by using histologic results as a reference standard. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 154 patients were included. ElastPQ measurement was performed for each lesion in which the shear wave speed (SWS) was measured. The difference in SWS and SWS ratio of FLL to surrounding liver were evaluated, and the cut off value was investigated. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to evalu...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - August 29, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, bulb carotid intima-media thickness and obesity phenotypes: results of a prospective observational study.
The objective of this prospective study was to assess the correlation between carotid intima-media thickness at the common carotid (CIMTc) and carotid bifurcation (CIMTb) level, hepatic fat accumulation, and obesity phenotypes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred obese adults, in which CIMTc and CIMTb thickness was determined, were included. According to body mass index (BMI) and presence of metabolic syndrome (MetS), patients were classified as metabolically healthy obese (MHO, obesity without MetS) and metabolically unhealthy obese (MUHO, obesity with MetS). MHO patients were further classified as M...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - August 29, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Twinkle, twinkle little stone: an artifact improves the ultrasound performance!
CONCLUSIONS: The twinkling artifact is a very useful color Doppler ultrasound tool for the detection of small urinary stones. We suggest the routine use of color Doppler in all suspicious cases in order to avoid unnecessary irradiating and expensive radiological methods. PMID: 28845492 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - August 29, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Performance of lung ultrasonography for the diagnosis of communityacquired pneumonia in hospitalized children.
CONCLUSIONS: In our opinion, our findings together withprevious ones available in the literature recommend LUS as a valuable investigation for the diagnosis of community-acquiredpneumonia in children. PMID: 28845493 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - August 29, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Quantitative Doppler in musculoskeletal ultrasonography - suboptimal performance of both experienced and in-training sonographers in selection of the highest Doppler signal image from cine-loops.
CONCLUSION: Using computerized analysis as the gold standard, we demonstrated a large heterogeneity across sonographers regarding their ability to identify the best Doppler image even from a small group of frames. PMID: 28845494 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - August 29, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

A novel ultrasound-based technique to establish a correlation between disease activity and local carotid stiffness parameters in rheumatoid arthritis.
In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between local carotid stiffness (CS) parameters measured by a novel ultrasound method and inflammatory disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Material and methods: The study was conducted with 70 RA patients and 35 control subjects. According to their disease activity score (DAS-28), the RA patients were classified into active RA (n = 36; DAS-28> 3.2) and inactive RA (n = 34; DAS-28 ≤ 3.2) groups. A novel non-invasive echo-tracking system was used to measure carotid intima-media thickness (C-IMT), diameter, pulsatile str...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - August 29, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Can fetal adrenal artery Doppler velocimetry predict delivery date in pregnant women with spontaneous preterm birth?
CONCLUSION: Fetal adrenal artery Doppler velocimetry can predict delivery within 7 days among pregnant women in cases of spontaneous PB and this prediction is similar to the predictions made using CL measurements. PMID: 28845496 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - August 29, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Ultrasound-guided bone lesions biopsies - a systematic review.
CONCLUSION: Core needle biopsy provided better diagnostic yield compared to fine needle aspiration. The number of the passages of the cutting needle biopsies in order to achieve the best diagnostic yield wasthree. Further studies are needed in order to standardize US-guided bone lesions biopsy and increase its role in the diagnosis algorithm of the bone lesions. PMID: 28845497 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - August 29, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Non-invasive diagnosis of portal hypertension in cirrhosis using ultrasound based elastography.
Authors: Grgurevic I, Bokun T, Bozin T, Matic V, Haberle S, Sporea I Abstract Liver stiffness measurement (LSM) by ultrasound-based elastography may be used to non-invasively discriminate between the stages of liver fibrosis, rule out cirrhosis and follow its evolution, including the prediction of the presence of oesophageal varices. The same is possible in order to diagnose clinically significant portal hypertension, referring primarilyto transient elastography and LSM values ≥20-25 kPa. The same approach may be used to reliably rule out the presence ofoesophageal varices (LSM 150x109/L). These recomm...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - August 29, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Adrenal glands transabdominal ultrasonography - pictorial essay.
We present the normal aspects and various transabdominal ultrasonography findings of the adrenal glands, both common and rare. Even though ultrasound examination is operator and patient dependent, we consider the examination of the adrenal glands very important, due to relatively frequent incidental detection of an adrenal mass. PMID: 28845499 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - August 29, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Screw migration in a 14-year-old boy with hip osteotomy; a rare cause of upper thigh hematoma.
Authors: Ünal E Abstract Soft tissue injury due to orthopedic hardware migration is an uncommon complication. However particularly patients who have routine physical therapy sessions for extremity contractures are at risk for vascular injury in the setting of migrated screws. Ultrasound is an efficient modality to evaluate migrated screws and adjacent soft tissue structures. As a consequence of repetitive trauma a migrated screw would eventually result in injury. Herein a case of upper thigh hematoma due to screw migration in a patient with hip osteotomy is reported. PMID: 28845500 [Pub...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - August 29, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Imagistic and histopathological description of a cystic nephroma during early second trimester of gestation. Case report.
We present a case of a fetus diagnosed with cystic nephroma on 16 weeks of gestation. The renal tumour was evaluated by prenatal ultrasound, post mortem with 7T magnetic resonance imaging, and conventional autopsy. PMID: 28845501 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - August 29, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Transthoracic ultrasonography for the follow-up of a chronic lymphocytic leukemia patient with chemotherapy-induced immunosuppression prior to allogeneic stem cell transplantation. A case report.
We report a chronic lymphocytic leukemia patient in which the pleuro-pulmonary complications were successfully diagnosed and followed up using transthoracic ultrasonography. PMID: 28845502 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - August 29, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Tuberculous appendicitis. A case report.
We present the case of a 21 year old male patient with intestinal tuberculosis in which the first manifestation was an acute appendicitis. Ultrasound findings were an abscessed appendicular mass. The surgical intervention found a granulomatous aspect of the peritoneum and total necrosis of the appendix. Histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis and the pulmonary radiography detected the concomitant pulmonary tuberculosis. PMID: 28845503 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - August 29, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Hepatic abscess as a complication of an abscessed gastric lipoma.
Authors: Gayán Belmonte MJ, Parlorio de Andrés E, Botía González CM Abstract . PMID: 28845504 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - August 29, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Adductor Muscle Tear? Ultrasonographic Imaging of Avulsion Injury of the Iliopsoas Tendon.
Authors: Chang KV, Wu WT, Han DS Abstract    . PMID: 28845505 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - August 29, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Ultrasonographic diagnosis of heterotopic ossification and secondary nerve entrapments in a patient with spinal cord injury.
Authors: Onat SS, Özişle Z, Orhan A, Akman B, Köklü K, Özçakar L Abstract . PMID: 28845506 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - August 29, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Erratum. Correction to: Hu X, et al. Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) Elastography for non ‑invasive evaluation of hepatic fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B and C patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Med Ultrason 2017; 19(1):23-3.
Erratum. Correction to: Hu X, et al. Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) Elastography for non‑invasive evaluation of hepatic fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B and C patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Med Ultrason 2017; 19(1):23-3. Med Ultrason. 2017 Jun;19(2):240 Authors: Abstract The authors have been made aware of the errors that appeared at Corresponding author: correct phone number 86-10-63138297 and correct email qianlinxue2002@163.com, and also at acknowledgements: correct grant no. 2014-3-009. PMID: 28492613 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 13, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Ultrasound student education.
Authors: Dietrich CF Abstract . PMID: 28440345 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - April 27, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Imaging of intrahepatic progression of hepatocellular carcinoma post transarterial chemoembolization. A long-term, prospective evaluation of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS).
CONCLUSION:  In the long term evaluation of HCC post TACE, CEUS appears to have limitations in the detection of IHP, which are more prominent in the case of new lesions and of progressive non-target tumors. PMID: 28440346 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - April 27, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Performance of 2D-SWE.GE for predicting different stages of liver fibrosis, using Transient Elastography as the reference method.
Authors: Bende F, Sporea I, Sirli R, Popescu A, Mare R, Miutescu B, Lupusoru R, Moga T, Pienar C Abstract AIM: To evaluate the performance of 2D shear-wave elastography from General Electric (2D-SWE.GE) for the noninvasiveassessment of liver fibrosis and to identify liver stiffness (LS) cut-off values for predicting different stages of fibrosisusing Transient Elastography (TE) as the reference method. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We included 331 consecutive subjectswith or without chronic hepatopathies in whom LS was evaluated in the same session by means of 2 elastographic techniques:TE and 2D-SWE.GE. Reliable LS meas...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - April 27, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Diagnostic utility of endoscopic ultrasonography-elastography in the evaluation of solid pancreatic masses: a meta-analysis and systematic review.
CONCLUSION: EUS-EG is reliable for distinguishing solid pancreatic masses; the sensitivity and specificity for different diagnostic methods were very close. Both EUS-EG and CE-EUS can be valuable complementary supplements for EUS-FNA. PMID: 28440348 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - April 27, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Cyst-to-kidney volume ratio in the sonographic diagnosis of unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney in children.
Authors: Ayaz S, Dilli A, Gültekin SS, Ayaz ÜY Abstract AIMS: To evaluate the usefulness of the cyst-to-kidney volume ratio determined by ultrasonography (US) in unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our study group included 21 children (average age: 431 days) with unilateral MCDK and 22 children (average age: 440 days) with unilateral grade IV hydronephrosis due to ureteropelvic junction obstruction as the control group. All the children underwent transabdominal US. In children with MCDK, we calculated cyst-to-kidney volume ratios (volu...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - April 27, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

High frequency ultrasonography of the hand versus anti-RA33 evaluation in early rheumatoid arthritis - a pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: The current study shows that anti-RA33 antibodies might constitute an additional tool for diagnosing early RA patients and can help identify patients with mild disease and a low level of activesynovitis. PMID: 28440350 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - April 27, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Characterization of benign thyroid nodules with HyperSPACE (Hyper Spectral Analysis for Characterization in Echography) before and after percutaneous laser ablation: a pilot study.
Conclusions: HyperSPACEcan characterize benign nodules by providing additional information in respect of conventional ultrasound and elastography which is useful for support in the laser treatment of nodules in order to increase the probability of success. PMID: 28440351 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - April 27, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Intrathyroidal ectopic thymus in children: a sonographic survey.
CONCLUSIONS: IET in children may be more common than thought. Its growth reflects that of a normal thymus. Awareness of this entity is important in order not to misdiagnose them, especially as papillary cancer, and to prevent unnecessary interventions. PMID: 28440352 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - April 27, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

The safety and feasibility of diagnostic acoustic radiation force impulse elastography used for eyes. A preliminary in vivo study.
CONCLUSIONS: Diagnostic ARFI elastography is a safe and feasible ultrasonic imaging mode and may potentially be applied for human eyes in its present form. PMID: 28440353 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - April 27, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Normal intracranial BS/BSOB ratio values in the first trimester of single gestations with live fetuses in a Korean population.
Authors: Yang SH, An HS, Lee JS, Kim C Abstract AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the normal length of the brainstem (BS) in Korean fetuses and to evaluatethe usefulness of the routine measurement of BS size in the first trimester of pregnancy for the early detection of spina bifida. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 2,621 normal singleton pregnant Korean women at 10+6 to 13+6 weeks of gestation were selected for this retrospective cross-sectional study. Ultrasonography was used to measure the length of the longest vertical depth diameter of the BS and brainstem-occipital bone (BSOB) in order ...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - April 27, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Thyroid Ultrasound: State of the Art. Part 2 - Focal Thyroid Lesions.
Authors: Dighe M, Barr R, Bojunga J, Cantisani V, Chammas MC, Cosgrove D, Cui XW, Dong Y, Fenner F, Radzina M, Vinayak S, Xu JM, Dietrich CF Abstract Accurate differentiation of focal thyroid nodules (FTL) and thyroid abnormalities is pivotal for proper diagnostic and therapeutic work-up. In these two part articles, the role of ultrasound techniques in the characterization of FTL and evaluation of diffuse thyroid diseases is described to expand on the recently published World Federation in Ultrasound and Medicine (WFUMB) thyroid elastography guidelines and review how this guideline fits into a comple...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - April 27, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Abnormal ultrasound appearance of the amniotic membranes - diagnostic and significance: a pictorial essay.
Authors: Pleș L, Sima RM, Moisei C, Moga MA, Dracea L Abstract The obstetrical ultrasound may identify the protrusion of the uterine surface or placental area into the amniotic cavity. The differential diagnosis of this pathology with uterine adhesions, septate uterus, circumvallate placenta, amniotic band or amniotic sheet can be sometimes difficult. The purpose of the pictorial essay is to exemplify the presence of the amniotic sheet and circumvallate placenta in routine obstetrics screening of all trimesters of pregnancy. PMID: 28440356 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - April 27, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Virtual hysteroscopy: a new non invasive approach for the assessment of uterine cavity.
Authors: Cossi PS, Werner H, Peixoto AB, Martins WP, Araujo Júnior E Abstract Endometrial pathology is frequent in premenopausal women and the diagnostic hysteroscopy is considered the gold standard for assessing endometrial cavity and congenital uterine anomalies. However it is an invasive and uncomfortable procedure. Saline contrast hysterosalgingography and hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography allow detailed assessment of the uterine cavity. We propose a virtual hysteroscopy from three-dimensional saline and three-dimensional hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography scan data to generate a v...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - April 27, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Ultrasonographic evaluation of acute pelvic pain in pregnant and postpartum period.
This article describes the causes and imaging features of acute pelvic pain in pregnant and postpartum period and suggests characteristics to such diseases, focusing on the ultrasonography features that allow one to arrive at the corrective diagnosis. Knowledge of the clinical settings and imaging features of acute pelvic pain in pregnant and postpartum period can lead to accurate diagnosis and appropriate management of the condition. PMID: 28440358 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - April 27, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Ultrasonographic findings in hyperimmunoglobulin D syndrome: a case report.
We report an 11-year female child who has presented since the age of 1 year, bouts of fever, rash, joint swelling, pulmonary consolidation, lymph node involvement and hepatosplenomegaly. Hyperimmunglobulin D and increased urinary mevalonic acid were detected. The ultrasonographic features of hepatosplenomegaly ranged from increment in size to pseudotumoral involvement, with hypoechogenic masses without apparent wall. Abdominal CT during a disease flare showed hypodense, hypoenhancing nodular lesions, suggesting metastases. Nevertheless, a thorough search for malignancy was negative and the masses d...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - April 27, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Anorectal malformation as a cause of recurring perineal abscesses - value of anorectal endosonography and magnetic resonance imaging: a case report.
In this report, we present a case of a 52-year-old male with a history of urological operations in infancy due to a congenital urethral malformation and multiple recurrent episodes of perineal abscesses with urinary retention. Anorectal endosonography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed the presence of a large cystic lesion adjacent to the rectal wall which became smaller at the level of the puborectalis. The walls of the lesion had a layered structure identical to the wall of the rectum. In addition, the examinations showed hypotrophy of the left lobe of the prostate and lack of left semnal vesicle...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - April 27, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

The role of echocardiography in fetal tachyarrhythmia diagnosis. A burden for the pediatric cardiologist and a review of the literature.
Authors: Gozar L, Marginean C, Toganel R, Muntean I Abstract Supraventricular tachyarrhythmia represents the most frequent fetal dysrhythmia. In the lack of diagnosis and treatment these fetuses may develop hydrops and even death. For the therapeutic approach it is important to establish the diagnosis of the type of supraventricular tachycardia. In this paper we report 29 cases with different types of supraventricular tachycardia in which the diagnosis was established using our own protocol, which allowed us to make the difference between the types of tachycardia (atrioventricular reentry tachyc...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - April 27, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Complication of non-US guided procedure of aquafilling breast gel.
Authors: Arslan G, Celik L, Atasoy MM, Celik L, Cubuk R Abstract . PMID: 28440362 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - April 27, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Ultrasound Imaging for Posterior Knee Pain: Tibial Nerve Schwannoma Not Popliteus Muscle Strain.
Authors: Chang KV, Wu WT, Özçakar L Abstract . PMID: 28440363 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - April 27, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Diagnosis of an actively bleeding rectus sheath hematoma by Contrast- Enhanced ultrasound.
Authors: Kummer T, Hartman TM, White JL Abstract . PMID: 28440364 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - April 27, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

The new EFSUMB Guidelines on Liver Elastography 2017: why and for whom?
Authors: Sporea I Abstract . PMID: 28180190 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 11, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Doppler ultrasonography combined with transient elastography improves the non-invasive assessment of fibrosis in patients with chronic liver diseases.
CONCLUSION: Doppler parameters alone predict the presence of ≥F2 fibrosis with fair accuracy. Better prediction rates are achieved by combining Doppler variables with non-invasive markers and liver stiffness by transient elastography. PMID: 28180191 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 11, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Shear wave elastography imaging for detecting malignant lesions of the liver: a systematic review and pooled meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS:  This meta-analysis indicates that SWE is useful in evaluating the stiffness of liver lesions and in differentiating between malignant and benign lesions. Due to the high sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic odds ratio, SWE can be considered as a useful complement to conventional ultrasonography. PMID: 28180192 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 11, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) Elastography for non ‑invasive evaluation of hepatic fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B and C patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: ARFI elastography is accurate and reliable in the diagnosis of CHB- and CHC-induced liver fibrosis and is especially suitable for the evaluation of stages F≥3 and F=4. CHC patients manifest higher ARFI values than CHB patients especially in the F3 stage. PMID: 28180193 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 11, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Prospective evaluation of Quasistatic Ultrasound Elastography (USE) compared with Baseline US for parotid gland lesions: preliminary results of elasticity contrast index (ECI) evaluation.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that USE with ECI index measurement can help to discriminate preoperatively benign from malignant lesions, with the exception of pleomorphic adenoma which is stiff. We suggest that USE can be used as an additional tool to conventional US evaluation of salivary gland lesions. PMID: 28180194 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 11, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Evaluation of the optic nerve using strain and shear wave elastography in patients with multiple sclerosis and healthy subjects.
Authors: İnal M, Tan S, Yumusak EM, Şahan MH, Alpua M, Örnek K Abstract AIMS: Our aim was to evaluate the elasticity features of the optic nerve using strain (SE) and shear wave elastography (SWE) in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients in comparison with healthy subjects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and seven optic nerves from 54 MS patients and 118 optic nerves from 59 healthy subjects were examined prospectively by SE and SWE. Optic nerves were divided into three types in accordance to the elasticity designs, as follows: type 1 predominantly blue (hardest tissue); type 2 predomin...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 11, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Serial transthoracic coronary Doppler shows complete reversibility of microvascular obstruction pattern at one month after reperfused acute myocardial infarction.
Authors: Ober CD, Ober MC, Iancu AC Abstract "No reflow" phenomenon is a common complication with significant prognostic repercussions after reperfused acute myocardial infarction. Previous studies have shown the feasibility and prognostic significance of coronary microcirculation assessment by transthoracic Doppler of left anterior descending artery (LAD). The aim of the study was to evaluate the time course of the coronary microcirculation status after acute anterior myocardial infarction reperfused by primary angioplasty with stent on LAD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-three pati...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 11, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Added value of two-dimensional shear wave elastography to ultrasonography for staging common femoral vein thrombi.
Authors: Pan FS, Tian WS, Luo J, Liu M, Liang JY, Xu M, Zheng YL, Xie XY Abstract prove the performance for staging common femoral vein thrombi (CFVT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 194 consecutive patients with CFVT who underwent US and 2D-SWE were enrolled. These patients were categorized into three groups according to CFVT duration: Stage A (≤14 days), Stage B (14 days to 6 months), and Stage C (≥6 months). The diagnostic performance was assessed by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). RESULTS: Among all US features, CFV diameter ratio of thrombos...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 11, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Color Doppler ultrasound characteristics after subinguinal microscopic varicocelectomy.
Authors: Akand M, Koplay M, Islamoglu N, Altintas E, Kilic O, Gul M, Kulaksizoglu H, Sivri M, Goktas S Abstract AIM: The present study evaluated the effect of differences in the peak systolic velocity (PSV) and resistive index (RI) in the testicular artery (TA), capsular artery (CA), and intratesticular artery (ITA) after microscopic subinguinal varicocelectomy (MSV) on postoperative pain and semen parameters. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Scrotal color Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) measurements were made in 33 patients (age 18-31 years) prior to MSV and 3 and 6 months after MSV. Pain was recorded using a&nb...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 11, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research