Contrast enhanced ultrasound of the prostate. New role in the evaluation of loco-regional therapy of prostate tumors.
Authors: Sparchez Z Abstract . PMID: 29730675 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Interconversion of elasticity measurements between two-dimensional shear wave elastography and transient elastography.
Authors: Kim YY, Kim MJ, Shin HJ, Yoon H, Kim HY, Lee MJ Abstract AIMS: To enable comparison and interconversion of elasticity measurements between two-dimensional (2D) shear wave elastography (SWE) and transient elastography (TE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Elasticities of three phantoms were measured by 2D SWE (supersonic shear imaging) using four probes and TE using two probes. We performed regression analyses to evaluate correlation between the measurements and phantom elasticities, and make converting equations. In pediatric biliary atresia patients who had stiffness measurements by both 2D...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Early post-interventional sonographic evaluation of prostatic artery embolization. A promising role for contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS).
Authors: Moschouris H, Stamatiou K, Kalokairinou Motogna M, Vrakas S, Kiltenis M, Kladis-Kalentzis K, Tsavdaroglou A, Papadogeorgopoulos N, Marmaridou K, Malagari K Abstract AIMS: To assess the feasibility, findings and potential value of early post-interventional, contrast-enhanced ultrasonographic (CEUS) study of prostate artery embolization (PAE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fourteen patients treated with PAE for symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia were prospectively included in the study. Sonographic evaluation of the prostate included: 1) baseline transabdominal and transrectal CEUS (ta-CEUS and tr-CEUS, re...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Reliability of testicular stiffness quantification using shear wave elastography in predicting male fertility: a preliminary prospective study.
Authors: Yavuz A, Yokus A, Taken K, Batur A, Ozgokce M, Arslan H Abstract AIMS: To evaluate the reliability of testicular stiffness quantification using shear wave elastography in predicting the fertility potential of males and for the pre-diagnosis of disorders based upon sperm quantification. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred males between the ages of 19-49 years (mean age of 28.77±6.11), ninety of whom with complaints of infertility, were enrolled in this prospective study. Scrotal grey-scale, Doppler ultrasound (US), and mean testicular shear wave velocity quantifications (SWVQs) were performed. The ...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Impact of Strain Elastography on BI-RADS classification in small invasive lobular carcinoma.
Authors: Chiorean AR, Szep MB, Feier DS, Duma M, Chiorean MA, Strilciuc Ș Abstract AIMS: The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of strain elastography (SE) on the Breast Imaging Reporting Data System (BI-RADS) classification depending on invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) lesion size. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis on a sample of 152 female subjects examined between January 2010 - January 2017. SE was performed on all patients and ILC was subsequently diagnosed by surgical or ultrasound-guided biopsy. BI-RADS 1, 2, 6 and Tsukuba BGR cases were omitted. BI-RADS scores ...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Differentiating metastatic lymph nodes in lung cancer patients based on endobronchial ultrasonography features.
CONCLUSIONS: The sonographic features of EBUS are valuable tools in predicting metastatic lymph nodes in lung cancer patients. PMID: 29730680 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Clinical and ultrasound findings in patients with calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate deposition disease.
CONCLUSIONS: The knee is the most frequent joint affected by CPPD. The second ultrasound pattern is the most common. CPPD affects the fibrocartilage to a greater extent than the hyaline cartilage. PMID: 29730681 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

The diagnostic accuracy of B-mode ultrasound in detecting meniscal tears: a systematic review and pooled meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis indicates that 2-dimensional ultrasound is useful, and could be routinely used for estimating meniscal injuries in the human knee joint. PMID: 29730682 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Effects of passive muscle stiffness measured by Shear Wave Elastography, muscle thickness, and body mass index on athletic performance in adolescent female basketball players.
Conclusions: This preliminary work can be a reference for future research. Although our article indicates that passive muscle stiffness measured by SWE is not directly related to athletic performance, future comprehensive studies should be performed in order to illuminate the complex nature of muscles. The  maintenance of lower muscle thickness and optimal BMI may be associated with better aerobic performance. PMID: 29730683 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Ultrasonography of the nail unit reveals quantitative and qualitative alterations in patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis.
Authors: Idolazzi L, Gisondi P, Fassio A, Viapiana O, Giollo A, Rossini M, Girolomoni G, Gatti D Abstract AIMS: The nail unit is a matter of interest both for dermatologist and rheumatologist. The nail is considered one of the possible targets of assessment, especially when ultrasonography is performed. The aim of the study is to highlight peculiar features and alterations of the nail unit in patients affected by psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis versus healthy controls using ultrasonography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study sample included 82 patients affected by psoriasis and/or psoriatic ...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

The microvascular and morphostructural changes of nails in psoriatic patients with nail disease; a link between ultrasound and videocapillaroscopy findings in the nailfold.
This study was conducted in patients with PND and HCs. General demographic data were collected and clinical assessments were performed for all subjects. The nail plate thickness (NPT) was measured on gray scale using US. The NVRI was measured using color Doppler (CD) US. The measurements of the apical, arterial, venous limb diameters and morpho-structural changes (tortuous, cross-linked capillaries) were assessed using NVC. RESULTS: Thirty-four patients with PND and 15 HCs were enrolled in this study. The two groups were matched for age and body mass index (BMI). Patients with PND had higher NPT and NVRI in comparison ...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Evaluation of tendinosis of the long head of the biceps tendon by strain and shear wave elastography.
Authors: Sahan MH, Inal M, Burulday V, Kultur T Abstract AIM: To investigate strain (SE) and shear wave elastography (SWE) characteristics of the long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) tendinosis in comparison with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty patients with a MRI diagnosis of tendinosis and twenty healthy subjects with normal LHBT in MRI were prospectively examined by SE and SWE. SE color mapping was divided into four types in accordance with elasticity designs: type I predominantly blue (hardest tissue), type II predominantly blue-green (hard tissue), type III predomin...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Echogenicity and ultrasound visibility of peripheral nerves of the upper extremity.
CONCLUSIONS: Gender, BMI and presence of diabetes were not related to echogenicity or visibility of upper extremity nerves. Increasing forearm circumference was associated with increased echogenicity of the adjacent nerves, but not visibility. Neck circumference was not associated with either nerve visibility or echogenicity of brachial plexus nerve bundles. PMID: 29730687 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

The value of global longitudinal strain and galectin-3 for predicting cardiovascular events in patients with severe aortic stenosis.
Authors: Agoston-Coldea L, Bheecarry K, Petra C, Strambu L, Ober C, Revnic R, Lupu S, Mocan T, Fodor D Abstract AIMS: Left ventricular global longitudinal strain (GLS) was shown to predict outcomes after valve replacement in patients with aortic stenosis (AS). In the current study, we aimed to test the combined use of GLS and a marker of fibrosis - Galectin-3 - for predicting major cardiovascular adverse events (MACEs) in patients with severe AS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective study on 42 patients with severe AS and 42 volunteers. Patient evaluation included biochemistry tests, ...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Right heart dilatation in a fetus with an abnormal foramen ovale valve: an indicator of interatrial communication restriction.
Authors: Lei W, Fan M, Wang M, Wang Y, Sun W, Sun X, Zhang Y Abstract AIMS: Foramen ovale (FO) valve with a shape or motion abnormality is frequently detected during routine obstetric ultrasonic examinations. However, the hemodynamics mechanism of this entity remains unclear. The purpose of the study is to determine the relevance of interatrial communication restriction and resultant morphological modifications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the echocardiographic records of fetuses with isolated abnormal FO valve evaluated between January of 2010 and december of 2016. The size (DFO) of the FO orifice, open...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging in the prenatal diagnosis of open spina bifida.
Authors: Micu R, Chicea AL, Bratu DG, Nita P, Nemeti G, Chicea R Abstract Open spina bifida, also known as spina bifida aperta is a neural tube defect involving the lack of closure of vertebral arches and associated meninges and/or spinal cord abnormalities.Ultrasound examination is the gold standard for the diagnosis of spina bifida aperta. It represents the main imaging tool used to ascertain this diagnosis early in gestation. Three-dimensional ultrasound is necessary to detect the level and the size of the defect. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) represents a more sensitive tool, giving specific information of t...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

The importance of intestinal ultrasound and elastographic techniques in inflammatory bowel diseases.
Authors: Marin A, Tribus L, Fierbinteanu-Braticevici C Abstract Inflammatory bowel diseases have an important impact upon the economic and social status due to their increasing incidence and prevalence, often affecting young people. At the moment, the therapeutic goal goes beyond the improvement of symptoms and laboratory parameters, being represented by endoscopic mucosal healing, changing the disease's natural history. Even though endoscopy is the gold standard for the assessment of mucosal healing, it is an invasive maneuver and it lacks good repeatability. These patients require frequent eva...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Ultrasonographic and Imaging Appearance of Peripheral Intraneural Vascular Anomalies: Report of Two Cases and Review of the Literature.
Authors: Rusu GM, Ciuce C, Fodor L, Manole S, Dudea SM Abstract The purpose of the paper is to present the ultrasonographic and imaging appearance of two cases of peripheral nerve intraneural vascular anomalies and provide a comprehensive review of the publications on this subject.The clinical presentation, ultrasonographic appearance, corresponding imaging and outcome of a case of ulnar nerve venous malformation and a case of median nerve arteriovenous malformation are presented.Literature search revealed 35 papers presenting 52 cases of vascular anomalies involving the peripheral nerves. The ultrasonographic appe...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

A case of tuberculosis pericarditis with an interesting echocardiographic image.
Authors: Arslan K, Taner U, Efe SC, Ayca B, Karabag T Abstract Tuberculosis-associated pericardial disorders are an excessively rare manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. The patients may present with constrictive pericarditis or pericardial fluid accumulation leading to cardiac tamponade. This paper reports a case of tuberculosis-associated pericardial effusion with dense fibrinous material not causing tamponade in a foreigner presenting with nonspecific symptoms. It also provides a discussion about the diagnostic and therapeutic methods as well as interesting echocardiographic images of the patient. P...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Intracardiac echocardiography to guide catheter ablation of an accessory pathway in Ebstein's anomaly. A case report.
We present the case of a 17-year-old girl with Ebstein anomaly and repeated episodes of reentrant tachycardia due to a right posterior accessory pathway. Catheter ablation was performed using intracardiac echocardiography. A ViewFlex Xtra probe was inserted and showed an anormal tricuspid valve with elongated anterior leaflet and low insertion of the septal leaflet towards the apex. The anatomical annulus was identified by the course of the right coronary artery. RF application on the posterior annulus stopped the reentrant arrhythmia. After ablation, programmed stimulation showed absence of both antegrade and retrograde c...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Ultrasonographic Imaging for Sural Nerve Injury after Achilles Tendon Repair.
Authors: Chang HP, Wu CH, Özçakar L Abstract . PMID: 29730695 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Nerve ultrasound in emergency room: a case of traumatic ischiatic nerve neurotmesis.
Authors: Romano N, Zawaideh JP, Fischetti A, Lapucci C, Gennaro S, Muda A Abstract A 22 years-old-man was admitted to emergency after trauma. He suffered multiple deep cuts on his left leg. A lesion of the ischiatic nerve was suspected, and an ultrasound (US) evaluation was requested to confirm it. The study was conducted in the emergency room using a linear ultrasound transducer of 6-15 MHz and demonstrated the completely truncation of the ischiatic nerve (neurotmesis - Sunderland Grade V) with the proximal end retracted up to about 3cm from the edge of the wound. It was a very useful information for the neurosurg...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 9, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Ultrasound applications for regional anaesthetists - thinking outside the box.
Authors: Iohom G Abstract . PMID: 29400360 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 7, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Greyscale and contrast enhanced ultrasonography for characterization of gastric malignant tumors.
CONCLUSIONS: Grey scale US and CEUS are useful methods in characterizing gastric tumors and contribute to a more adequate evaluation of the lesions. The dynamics of the contrast agent may be suggestive for the anatomopathological nature of the tumor. Larger studies will be necessary in order to determine thepractical value of the method. PMID: 29400361 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 7, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Motion effects on the measurement of stiffness on ultrasound shear wave elastography: a moving liver fibrosis phantom study.
CONCLUSIONS: Motion affected the measurement of elasticity differently in SSI and ARFI, according to the velocity, direction of the motion, and phantom stiffness. The convex transducer of SSI was less affected by motion in lower velocity motion and when using normal liver stiffness phantom. PMID: 29400362 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 7, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Value of Shear Wave Elastography for differentiating benign and malignant renal lesions.
CONCLUSION: SWE is a noninvasive method that provides quantitative elasticity informationon tissues. Overlaps among different types of renal lesions may be due to heterogeneity of the lesions. Larger studygroups may clarify the other factors affecting SWE values under both normal and pathological conditions. PMID: 29400363 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 7, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Is there a correlation between kidney shear wave velocity measured with VTQ and histological parameters in patients with chronic glomerulonephritis? A pilot study.
Authors: Bob F, Grosu I, Sporea I, Bota S, Popescu A, Sirli R, Petrica L, Schiller A Abstract AIM: To analyze the relationship between shear wave velocity in the kidney measured by point shear wave elastography using Virtual Touch Quantification (VTQ) (Siemens Acuson S2000) and histological parameters obtained from renal biopsies, in patients with chronic glomerulonephritis (CGN). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group included 20 patients (mean age 47.95±13.59 years) with different types of CGN, that had underwent renal biopsy and 57 normal controls (mean age 38.07±17.32 years)...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 7, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound for the diagnosis of acute pulmonary edema: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: The diagnostic test accuracy suggests that lung ultrasound using B-lines is a useful and reliable diagnostic tool for critically illpatients with acute pulmonary edema. PMID: 29400365 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 7, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Correlation between Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound and Microvessel Density via CD31 and CD34 in a rabbit VX2 lung peripheral tumor model.
Authors: Xing J, He W, Ding YW, Li Y, Li YD Abstract AIM: To evaluate the tumor angiogenesis in lung peripheral VX2 tumor model by contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and to determine the correlation between CEUS parameters and microvessel density (MVD) calculated via CD31 and CD34 expression. MATERIAL AND METHODS: VX2 pulmonary tumors were created in eight Japanese white rabbits by implanting a VX2 sarcoma into the lower portion of the right lung through ultrasound guidance. Tumors were allowed to grow for 14-21 days to achieve a diameter of 7-15 mm, and were examined by CEUS using a SonoVue contrast agent. Th...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 7, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Benefit of Shear-wave Elastography in the differential diagnosis of breast lesion: a diagnostic meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: Our analysis concluded that SWE improved the differential diagnosis of the breast lesion. PMID: 29400367 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 7, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Ultrasound-guided biopsy of osteolytic metastasis - could be less than three cores enough?
CONCLUSIONS: Our study supports the important diagnostic role of US-guided core biopsy for osteolytic bone metastasis. Two US-guided passages may be sufficient to procure a diagnostic tissue samples from osteolytic bone metastasis, if theirlength is at least 10 mm. PMID: 29400368 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 7, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Correlation between protein YKL-40 and ultrasonographic findings in active knee osteoarthritis.
Authors: Karalilova R, Kazakova M, Batalov A, Sarafian V Abstract The aim of our study was to analyze the level of the glycoprotein YKL-40 in patients with active knee osteoarthritis (OA) and to search possible correlations with local inflammation and ultrasound (US) findings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective study with fifty consecutive patients with active knee OA (diagnosed based on the American College of Rheumatology criteria for OA with radiographic confirmation) was performed. Concentrations of YKL-40 in serum and synovial fluid were measured by ELISA. US examinations - Gray scale (GS) US and Power Do...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 7, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

High-resolution ultrasonography in assessing temporomandibular joint disc position.
CONCLUSIONS: Based on our results, high-resolution ultrasonography showed high sensitivity, specificity and accuracy in the diagnosis of TMJ disc displacement. It could be a valuable imaging technique in assessing TMJ disc position. The diagnostic value of high-resolution ultrasonography depends strictly on the examiner's skills and on the equipment used. PMID: 29400370 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 7, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Effects of chronic flexed wrist posture on the elasticity and crosssectional area of the median nerve at the carpal tunnel among chronic stroke patients.
Authors: Aslan H, Analan PD Abstract AIM: To investigate the effects of chronic flexed wrist posture following spasticity on the elasticity and cross-sectional area (CSA) of the median nerve at the carpal tunnel among chronic stroke patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This prospective study included 24 consecutive patients (mean age, 56.5±11.56 years) with unilateral wrist spasticity following a stroke in a chronic phase. The CSA of the median nerve was measured by ultrasound (US). The elasticity was measured by Virtual Touch tissue imaging quantification (VTIQ; Siemens, Erlangen, Germany)...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 7, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Evaluation of the optic nerve and scleral-choroidal-retinal layer with ultrasound elastography in glaucoma and physiological optic nerve head cupping.
Authors: Özen Ö, Özer MA, Tosun A, Özen S Abstract AIM: To evaluate the strain ratio of the optic nerve and retina-choroid-sclera (RCS) layers in individuals with physiological optic disc cupping (PC) and glaucoma patients using strain elastography. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We evaluated 56 eyes of 56 subjects (20 eyes with glaucoma, 19 eyes with PC, and 17 normal eyes). The strain ratio of orbital fat to optic nerve (SROFON) was calculated as the ratio of the optic nerve to intraconal fat tissue and the strain ratio of orbital fat to retina-choroid-sclera (SROFRCS) was calculated...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 7, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Diagnostic value of musculoskeletal ultrasound in patients with low back pain - a review of the literature.
Authors: Todorov PT, Nestorova R, Batalov A Abstract Patients with low back pain (LBP) frequently undergo various imaging studies in the pursuit of a more precise diagnosis. Ultrasound (US) has the advantage of being a widely available, multiplanar, fast and radiation-free diagnostic tool. Moreover, compared to most of the other imaging modalities, it is particularly efficient in the visualization and assessment of soft tissues. Consequently, the question about the possible diagnostic application of US in such a common pathology as LBP is very relevant to the clinical practice. For this reason, ...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 7, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

The role of 4D US in evaluation of fetal movements and facial expressions and their relationship with fetal neurobehaviour.
Authors: Grigore M, Gafitanu D, Socolov D, Grigore A, Nemeti G, Micu R Abstract The introduction of four-dimensional (4D) ultrasonography (US) allows the study of fetal movements and facial expressions in real time. The possibility of evaluating fetal movements has led to the study of fetal neurobehaviour, which has been for a long period of time a mystery for physicians. The study of fetal activity in utero could differentiate between normal and abnormal behavioural patterns, thus making possible the early recognition of fetal brain impairment. Facial expressions observed with 4D US represent a marker for neurobeh...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 7, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Breast cystic lesions: Not so simple after all? An ultrasonographic tactical approach.
Authors: Ciurea AI, Iacoban CG, Herţa HA, Ciortea CA Abstract A wide spectrum of breast diseases breast diseases have or exhibit at some point in their natural history a complex cystic aspect. Through the lens of B-mode and Doppler ultrasound with sonoelastographic augmentation, conditions ranging from the utterly benign fibrocystic change to the most intricate encysted or cystically degenerated cancerous lesions, are covered in detail in this review. The aim of this paper is to familiarize the practitioner with the ultrasonographic aspects of complex breast cystic masses and to implement a gra...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 7, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Prenatal diagnosis of the fetal common arterial trunk. A case series.
We present a series of 17 cases diagnosed in our tertiary center with different types of fetal common arterial trunk, its associated disorders, the evolution of the pregnancies, and of the neonates. We concluded that our cases support the fact that a complete intrauterine evaluation of each case of the common arterial trunk is impossible. The postnatal prognosis of the cases from our center was fatal, similar to most reports of the literature. PMID: 29400376 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 7, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

The added value of contemporary ultrasound technologies in the diagnosis of malignant tumours of the gastrointestinal system - a case report.
Authors: Rübenthaler J, Reiser M, Clevert DA Abstract Ultrasound of the gastrointestinal system has become more popular among clinicians and is an important tool for evaluation and follow-up. Ultrasound has a special value in patients with Crohn's disease for the evaluation of disease activity but also for the evaluation of abdominal complications and shows comparable results to other imaging modalities. With the introduction of elastography and contrast-enhanced ultrasound into clinical routine, THE sonographic evaluation of the small bowel is even more sophisticated and even more precise....
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 7, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

The value of ultrasound diagnosis in the multidisciplinary approach of cutaneous tumours. Case report.
We report the case of a senior patient, presenting with two cutaneous tumours in which the clinical and dermoscopic examination pointed towards a basal cell carcinoma. Ultrasound revealed highly vascularised tumours and elastography showed increased rigidity. Histological examination of both lesions following complete resection was consistent with squamous cell carcinomas. The distinctive feature of this case consists of the complex non-invasive diagnostic imaging of the tumour morphology, performed in real time, revealing aspects compatible with highly proliferative malignant tumours. This case emphasi...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 7, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Case report of a rare glomus jugulare tumor extended within the extracranial internal jugular vein: emphasis on initial ultrasound findings and literature review.
Authors: Deng Q, Wang Y, Chen X, Zhou Q Abstract Glomus jugulare tumor (GJT) is a rare benign neoplasm that is located in the skull base; it is impossible for ultrasonography to detect it in most cases. In this article, we present the case of a rare giant GJT, which extended into the internal jugular vein in the neck, initially detected by ultrasonography and confirmed by MRI and pathology. We highlight the initial ultrasonography findings and review the literature to summarize the ultrasonographic features of GJT. PMID: 29400379 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 7, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Extensor pollicis longus (EPL) tendon rupture as a complication of distal radius fracture: the role of ultrasound examination.
Authors: Romano N, Fischetti A, Mussetto I, Marino M, Muda A Abstract . PMID: 29400380 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 7, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Ultrasound Guided Injection for Medial and Lateral Pterygoid Muscles: A Novel Treatment for Orofacial Pain.
Authors: Chen YJ, Chang PH, Chang KV, Wu WT, Özçakar L Abstract . PMID: 29400381 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 7, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Ultrasound to depict anatomical abnormality: an example of potential alliance of rehabilitation professionals.
Authors: Coraci D, Cruciani A, Giovannini S, Bernetti A, Santilli V, Padua L Abstract . PMID: 29400382 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - February 7, 2018 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Could nail and joint alterations make the difference between psoriatic arthritis and osteoarthritis during the ultrasonographic evaluation of the distal interphalangeal joints?
Authors: Batticciotto A, Idolazzi L, De Lucia O, Tinazzi I, Iagnocco A Abstract . PMID: 29197909 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - December 6, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Detection and characterization of small superficially located focal liver lesions by contrast-enhanced ultrasound with high frequency transducers.
Authors: Wang WP, Dong Y, Cao J, Mao F, Xu Y, Si Q, Dietrich CF Abstract AIM: To evaluate the benefits of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) with high frequency transducers in the detection and characterization of small superficially located focal liver lesions (FLLs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: From January 2015 to October 2016, 27 superficial FLLs detected by MRI were examined, first with the low frequency convex transducer (1-5 MHz) and afterwards with a high frequency transducer (7.5-12 MHz). High frequency dynamic CEUS was performed after a bolus injection of 2.4 ml SonoVue®. FLLs were ...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - December 6, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Intra- and inter-observer variation and accuracy using different shear wave elastography methods to assess circumscribed objects - a phantom study.
CONCLUSIONS: When estimating the elastic properties of circumscribed tissues, the different measurement techniques performed by commercial shear wave elastography systems reveal a strong susceptibility for observational errors, depending upon the fixed vs. variable ROI of the pSWE vs. 2D-SWE technique. PMID: 29197911 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - December 6, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Point shear wave elastography (pSWE) using Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) imaging: a feasibility study and norm values for renal parenchymal stiffness in healthy children and adolescents.
Authors: Grass L, Szekely N, Alrajab A, Bui-Ta TTT, Hoffmann GF, Wühl E, Schenk JP Abstract AIMS: To evaluate the applicability of point shear wave elastography (pSWE) for measuring renal parenchymal stiffness in healthy children and adolescents and to establish norm values for shear wave speed (SWS) using two ARFI methods and ultrasound probes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We prospectively investigated 264 children (43.9% males). pSWE (Virtual TouchTM Quantification and Virtual TouchTM Imaging Quantification (VTQ and VTIQ; Siemens, Germany)) was performed in the renal cortex of 528 healthy ki...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - December 6, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

An "alternative finger" in robotic-assisted thoracic surgery: intraoperative ultrasound localization of pulmonary nodules.
CONCLUSIONS: During RATS, the use of intraoperative ultrasonography as an "alternative finger" to "touch" and findthe accurate location of pulmonary nodules, especially mixed ground-glass nodules, is warranted. PMID: 29197913 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - December 6, 2017 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research