Education in Ultrasonography - when to start and when to stop.
Authors: Sirli R, Sporea I Abstract . PMID: 32898201 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Bosniak classification of cystic renal masses: utility of contrastenhanced ultrasound using version 2019.
CONCLUSIONS: CEUS assessment based on BCnew more appropriately assigns benign renal cysts to a lower category than CEUS based on BCold. Readers tend to grade renal cysts to a higher Bosniak category with BCnew but with greater inter-reader agreement on CEUS than on CECT. PMID: 32898202 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Lumbar medial branch cryoneurolysis under ultrasound guidance: initial report of five cases.
CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that ultrasound is a valid imaging modality to perform lumbar medial branch cryoneurolysis. Initial results show that cryoneurolysis under ultrasound guidance appears as a safe and effective procedure in patients suffering for facet joint pain. PMID: 32898203 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound superb microvascular imaging for breast tumor: a meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: Our meta-analysis indicates that SMI may have a high diagnostic accuracy in differential diagnosis between benign and malignant breast tumors. Thus, SMI may be a good tool for the diagnosis of breast tumors. PMID: 32898204 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Overview of the ultrasonography techniques in the diagnosis of appendicitis - elaboration of a novel anatomy scanning method.
This article aims to introduce a novel anatomical scanning method which requires scanning according to varied anatomic positions of the appendix based on the widely used graded compression method. We suggest placing the probe longitudinally in the region of the terminal cecum and moving it laterally to explore the sub-cecal appendix. The probe should be placed transversely on the medial side of the cecum to explore the pre-ileal appendix or post-ileal appendix. Placing the probe perpendicularly along external iliac vessels can help explore the pelvic appendix. The probe should be placed transversely on the paracolic sulci,...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Does lymph node morphology using ultrasound reflect aetiology? A pictorial essay, part I.
Authors: Trenker C, Görg C, Hollerweger A, Jenssen C, Dong Y, Cui XW, Dietrich CF Abstract The evaluation of lymph nodes (LNs) using ultrasound requires a high level of clinical and sonographic competence. This "pictorial essay" is intended to illustrate eye-catching examples of relevant "clinical-sonographic visual diagnoses" of LNs. We provide typical images and take-home messages of eye-catching features to illustrate the featured publications.The first part includes "important differential diagnoses of eye-catching features of suspected lymphadenopathy" and "benign lympha...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Various aspects of Contrast-enhanced Ultrasonography in splenic lesions - a pictorial essay.
This article aims to portray aspects of CEUS imaging in various splenic pathologies using clinical examples from our experience and to review the CEUS contribution in the diagnosis of splenic lesions. PMID: 32898207 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

An Overlooked Cause of Posterior Knee Pain: Ultrasound Imaging and Guided Injection for Proximal Lateral Gastrocnemius Tendon Sprain.
Authors: Chang KV, Wu WT, Özçakar L Abstract Proximal lateral gastrocnemius tendon injury is an overlooked cause of posterior knee pain. As the proximal gastrocnemius tendon attaches on the distal femur; its pain is more deeply located and can also be aggravated by flexion of the affected knee. In the present report, sonopalpation showed that the painful tendon appeared to have lost its fibrillary pattern and become thickened and hypoechoic as well. Under the diagnosis of proximal gastrocnemius tendon sprain, the ultrasound guided dextrose injection was performed and the pain was totally relieved. P...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Ultrasound Lumbar Spine Clinical Training Phantom: Which is the Best Embedding Medium?
Authors: Al Lawati ZM, Varsou O Abstract . PMID: 32898209 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Sonography of Encapsulated Fat Necrosis with Histologic Correlation.
Authors: Jfri A, Najera L, Alfageme F Abstract . PMID: 32898210 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Use of Ultrasound as an alternative diagnostic method for the detection of Meralgia Paresthetica.
Authors: Yildizgoren MT Abstract . PMID: 32898211 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Ultrasound registry in Rheumatology: a first step into a foreseeable future.
Authors: Madruga Dias J, Iagnocco A Abstract . PMID: 32898212 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Assessment of hepatic fat content in using quantitative ultrasound measurement of hepatic/renal ratio and hepatic echo-intensity attenuation rate.
This study aims to evaluate and validate a simple quantitative ultrasound (US) method for determining the hepatic fat content (HFC) based on the combination of quantitative US hepatic/renal ratio (US-HRR) and quantitative US hepatic echo-intensity attenuation rate (US-HAR) as compared with [1H]-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were a total of 242 subjects recruited in the present study. All subjects were examined for HFC by quantitative US and 1H-MRS methods. The QUS-HRR and QUS-HAR were calculated from ordinary ultrasound images of liver and kidney with a triple modality 3D abdomin...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Measurements of buccal gingival and alveolar crest thicknesses of premolars using a noninvasive method.
This study aimed to measure the buccal GT and ACT of premolars using 15-MHz B-mode ultrasonography (US) and to explore the relationship between GT and ACT. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The GT in four swine mandibles was measured using15-MHz B-mode US and using K-file needles to gauge the accuracy of US. B-mode US at 15 MHz was also used to measure periodontal tissue structures including buccal GT3 (3 mm apical to the gingival margin) and ACT in 400 premolars of 50 human participants with healthy periodontium. RESULTS: There was a strong positive correlation between US and invasive K-file needle measurements of GT in swine mandibles (p
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

The value of S-Detect in improving the diagnostic performance of radiologists for the differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules.
Authors: Wei Q, Zeng SE, Wang LP, Yan YJ, Wang T, Xu JW, Zhang MY, Lv WZ, Cui XW, Dietrich CF Abstract AIMS: To compare the diagnostic value of S-Detect (a computer aided diagnosis system using deep learning) in differentiating thyroid nodules in radiologists with different experience and to assess if S-Detect can improve the diagnostic performance of radiologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between February 2018 and October 2019, 204 thyroid nodules in 181 patients were included. An experienced radiologist performed ultrasound for thyroid nodules and obtained the result of S-Detect. Four radiologists with differen...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Evaluation of optimal education level to implement structured reporting into ultrasound training.
Authors: Ernst BP, Strieth S, Künzel J, Hodeib M, Katzer F, Eckrich J, Bahr K, Matthias C, Sommer WH, Froelich MF, Becker S Abstract AIMS: Reporting of head and neck ultrasound (HNU) has been outlined to be a major obstacle during ultrasound training due to a lack of standardized structure, content and terminology. Consequently, overall report quality differs significantly between various examiners posing a severe risk factor for information loss and miscommunication. Therefore, the present study's purpose is to compare the overall quality of free text reports (FTR) and structured reports (SR) of HNU at variou...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Retrograde urethrosonography with SonoVue in strictures of the male urethra: a pilot study.
CONCLUSION: This pilot study demonstrates the feasibility and innocuity of urethral ultrasound with SonoVue. Real-time ultrasound exploration highlights aspects that are not seen in radiological examination, so the method can be complementary or alternative to this procedure. PMID: 32905562 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Assessment of Rectus Abdominis muscle thickness during isometric trunk and leg lifting exercises using extended field of view (EFOV) ultrasound.
Authors: Dafkou K, Kellis E, Ellinoudis A, Sahinis C, Galanis N Abstract AIM: The purpose of the present study was to establish which type of exercise is optimal for Rectus Abdominis (RA) muscle, by measuring thickness and length changes using the extended field of view ultrasonography (EFOV US) during different conditions. The second purpose was to estimate the reliability of EFOV US as a muscle morphology assessment tool. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Segmental muscle thickness and length of 11 young healthy adults was assessed during 1) rest and isometric 2) trunk lifting, 3) leg lifting and 4) combined trunk and le...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Value of Crystal Vue technique in detecting the placenta accreta spectrum located in c-section scar area.
The objective of this study was to explore the diagnostic accuracy of the Crystal Vue technique combined with two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound in detecting the degree of placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) located in the C-section scar area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven pregnant women with a strong suspicion of PAS underwent 2D ultrasound combined with a Crystal Vue examination. The diagnosis of 2D ultrasound alone and Crystal Vue combined with 2D ultrasound was statistically calculated, respectively. Cohen's kappa (k) was used to measure the consistency between these two ultrasound diagnosis and the postoperative di...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Hepatic inflammatory pseudotumor mimicking malignancy: the value of differential diagnosis on contrast enhanced ultrasound.
CONCLUSION: CEUS was not enough to differentiate HIPT from hepatic malignancies, especially intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and liver metastasis. However, some CEUS imaging characteristics may be helpful for HIPT diagnosis. PMID: 32905565 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Logistic models and artificial intelligence in the sonographic assessment of adnexal masses - a systematic review of the literature.
Authors: Grigore M, Popovici RM, Gafitanu D, Himiniuc L, Murarasu M, Micu R Abstract Adnexal masses are common, yet challenging, in gynecological practice. Making the differential diagnosis between their benign and malignant condition is essential for optimal surgical management, but reliable pre-surgical differentiation is sometimes difficult using clinical features, ultrasound examination, or tumor markers alone. A possible way to improve the diagnosis is using artificial intelligence (AI) or logistic models developed based on compiling and processing clinical, ultrasound, and tumor marker data together. Ample re...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Microwave ablation in the treatment of liver tumors. A better tool or simply more power?
Authors: Sparchez Z, Mocan T, Radu P, Nenu I, Comsa M, Hajjar NA, Mois E, Bartos A, Kacso G, Sparchez M Abstract It has been a long time since tumor ablation was first tested in patients with liver cancer, especially hepatocellular carcinoma. Since than it has become a first line treatment modality for hepatocellular carcinoma. Over the years, the indications of thermal ablation have expanded to colorectal cancer liver metastases and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma as well. Together with the new indication for ablation, new ablation devices have been developed as well. Among them microwave ablation shows potential ...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Role of point of care ultrasound in COVID-19 pandemic: what lies beyond the horizon?
Authors: Galluccio F, Ergonenc T, Yamak Altinpulluk E, Perez Herrero M, De la Torre Carpente MDM, Capassoni M, Espinoza K, Aragon Benedi C, Allam AE, Orzalesi V, Fajardo Perez M Abstract The pandemic of COVID-19 requires rapid and easy access to reliable imaging modalities for diagnosis and follow up. Considering the cost-effectiveness of the imaging used, ultrasound is a non-ionizing, portable and bedside imaging modality with a high diagnostic impact in emergencies and intensive care units in pandemics, but it is operator dependent. In our article, we provide a comprehensive review of the role of point-of-care ul...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Elastography of the uterine cervix in gynecology: normal appearance, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and cancer. A systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: Elastography has multiple applications in the gynecological pathology of the cervix. The methods used to assess the cervix are diverse, and none have become universally accepted. With regard to CC and CIN, elastography is still an ongoing research field. PMID: 32905569 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Does lymph node morphology using ultrasound reflect aetiology? A pictorial essay, part II, malignant lymphadenopathy.
Authors: Trenker C, Görg C, Hollerweger A, Jenssen C, Dong Y, Cui XW, Dietrich CF Abstract The evaluation of lymph nodes (LN) using ultrasound requires a high level of clinical and sonographic competence. This "pictorial essay" is intended to illustrate eye-catching examples of relevant "clinical-sonographic visual diagnoses" of LNs. We provide typical images and take home messages of eye-catching features to illustrate the featured publications.The first part included the introduction into the subject, indications for US examination and the widely accepted recognized features for LN charac...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Imaging appearance of post umbilical venous catheter displacement: liver collections in children.
Authors: Keven A, Kabaalioğlu A, Durmaz E, Çeken K Abstract Umbilical venous catheters (UVCs) have become a part of routine perinatal care. In the case of its misplacement, extravasation into liver parenchyma might be observed and unusual findings might be detected and a suspicion of tumoral lesions emerges during the ultrasound examination. To avoid the unnecessary liver biopsies and catastrophic complications of UVC misplacement in the pediatric population, clinicians and radiologists must be familiar with the radiological findings. We aimed to present sonographic and computed tomographic images of liver ...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

First trimester fetal heart evaluation. A pictorial essay.
Authors: Rotar IC, Mureșan D, Mărginean C, Mărginean C, Iliescu DG, Iliescu DG, Tudorache Ș, Tudorache Ș Abstract Classically fetal heart evaluation is mandatory in the second trimester of pregnancy. Recent data suggest that the diagnosis of congenital heart disease is feasible in the first trimester (FT) of pregnancy, especially for trained examiners. In this pictorial essay we aim to illustrate in detail the particularity of the FT heart evaluation: the specific ultrasound techniques including practical tips for the basic and extended first trimester fetal heart evaluation protocol. The diagnosis is possible...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Sonographic features of anterior chest wall lesions detected on breast sonography in women: A pictorial essay.
Authors: Jung HK Abstract Although anterior chest wall lesions rarely occur and the associated imaging findings are nonspecific, various disease processes can affect the chest wall. It is important for radiologists to understand the anatomic relationship between the chest wall and breast and differentiate the tumor origin. This pictorial essay presents the sonographic features of various anterior chest wall lesions that were detected on breast ultrasonography. PMID: 32905573 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Transthoracic ultrasound: an essential diagnostic tool in a very rare case of thoracic lymphangiomatosis.
We present a diffuse pulmonary lymphangiomatosis (DPL) case in a young adult female patient in which repeated surgical biopsies were inconclusive and transthoracic ultrasound-guided (TUS) biopsy led to the diagnosis. Even histologically, DPL is very difficult to differentiate from other lymphatic diseases such as lymphangioma and lymphangiomyomatosis, requiring an experienced pathologist and proper immunohistochemistry staining. This case highlights the importance of TUS-guided biopsies in the armamentarium of imagistic techniques in this very rare case. PMID: 32905574 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

An unusual presentation of a retroperitoneal tumor - CEUS characterization and outcome.
We present a case of a 51-year-old woman referred to our department for unspecific abdominal pain. Two hypoechoic focal lesions in the retroperitoneal space and one hypoechoic mass superficially located in the mesogastrium were found at ultrasound (US) examination. All three masses were characterized as malignant by using contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), due to the rapid hyperenhancement pattern followed by rapid wash-out. Laparoscopic biopsies revealed the final positive diagnosis of Burkitt lymphoma and hematologic treatment was immediately initiated. PMID: 32905575 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Me...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Fetal axillary lymphangioma diagnosed on a 2D/4D ultrasound second trimester scan - a case report and short literature review.
We present a rare case diagnosed with axillary lymphangioma during the second trimester morphological ultrasound 2D/4D scan. PMID: 32905576 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - September 10, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Ultrasonography and SARS-CoV 2 infection: a review of what we know and do not yet know.
Authors: Dudea SM Abstract . PMID: 32399522 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 15, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Usefulness of real time elastography strain ratio in the assessment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and cervical cancer using a reference material.
CONCLUSION: RTE SR, performed with a synthetic reference material, seems a reliable method for distinguishing between benign uterine cervix and malignancy, with promising results as a complementary investigation in diagnosing CIN. However, SR becomes inoperant in cases of cancer complicated with hemorrhagic necrosis. PMID: 32399523 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 15, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Ultrasound surveillance on detection of nonpalpable supraclavicular recurrence after breast cancer surgery.
Authors: Cho E, Lee JH, Park EH, Byun KD Abstract AIMS: To evaluate the clinical utility of supraclavicular scanning for locoregional lymph node (LN) assessment in postoperative screening surveillance using ultrasonography (US) in patients who underwent breast cancer surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From July 2004 to February 2019, 280 suspicious findings for locoregional recurrence in the lymph node (LRL) on postoperative screening US were detected in 266 asymptomatic patients who underwent breast cancer surgery. Suspicious features of LRL on US included the marked hypoechogenicity, round or irregular shape, ecc...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 15, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Lung ultrasound is useful in oncohematologic patients with respiratory dysfunction admitted to an Intensive Care Unit (ICU): a pilot study.
CONCLUSION: The use of LUS to quantify lung aeration loss in oncohematologic patients hospitalized in an ICU due to acute respiratory dysfunction might be a helpful tool to predict the severity of the illness. PMID: 32399525 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 15, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Increased carotid stiffness detected by ultrafast ultrasound imaging is associated with the Gensini score.
Authors: Li Y, Zhang Y, Geng X, Zhao S, Sun YX, Wang YB Abstract AIM: To test the ability of carotid stiffness evaluated by using ultrafast ultrasound imaging to indicate coronary atherosclerosis and its association with the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 131 patients with CAD and 60 normal controls. Carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) was measured by two-dimensional ultrasound. Carotid stiffness was determined by ultrafast ultrasound imaging, with which the carotid pulse wave velocity at the beginning (PWVBS) and end (PWVES) of systole wer...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 15, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Safety of ultrasonic examinations; thermal and mechanical indices.
Authors: Nowicki A Abstract This review article combines the reports on the biophysical effects in ultrasonography and provides the rationale behind the mechanical index (MI) and thermal index (TI) complying with the Output Display Standard (ODS). Safe ultrasonic doses are determined according to specific rules, and the screen displays the associated quantities MI and TI. The introduced indices MI and TI take into account the physical mechanism of interaction between ultrasounds and biological tissue, which depends on the temporal and spatial parameters of the acoustic field generated by ultrasound transducers. The...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 15, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

The value of S-Detect for the differential diagnosis of breast masses on ultrasound: a systematic review and pooled meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: S-Detect exhibited a favourable diagnostic value in assisting physicians discriminating benign and malignant breast masses and it can be considered as a useful complement for conventional US. PMID: 32399528 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 15, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Medical Student Ultrasound Education, a WFUMB Position Paper, Part II. A consensus statement of ultrasound societies.
Authors: Hoffmann B, Blaivas M, Abramowicz J, Bachmann M, Badea R, Braden B, Cantisani V, Chammas MC, Cui XW, Dong Y, Gilja OH, Hari R, Lamprecht H, Nisenbaum H, Nolsøe CP, Nürnberg D, Prosch H, Radzina M, Recker F, Sachs A, Saftoiu A, Serra A, Vinayak S, Westerway S, Chou YH, Dietrich CF Abstract Ultrasound is becoming a fundamental first-line diagnostic tool for most medical specialties and an innovative tool to teach anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology to undergraduate and graduate students. However, availability of structured training programs during medical school is lagging behind and many phy...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 15, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Ultrasonographic assessment of male anterior urethra. Description of the technique of examination and presentation of major pathologies.
Authors: Krukowski J, Frankiewicz M, Kałużny A, Matuszewski M Abstract During the last years the role of sonourethrography (SUG) in the assessment of anterior male urethra pathologies, has significantly increased. The investigation is easily performed, not time consuming and should be considered the imaging technique of choice for preliminary diagnosis, without exposing the patient to X-rays. In this paper we present the technique of examination and the most common pathologies in which SUG is indicated. PMID: 32399530 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 15, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Ultrasound in pediatric orbital cellulitis.
Authors: Falticeanu A, Tritschler P, Dumitriu D Abstract Orbital cellulitis is an infrequent but serious complication of sinus infections in children, as was the case of a 7-year-old who presented to the emergency room with ultrasound signs of preseptal cellulitis. Despite a well conducted antibiotic treatment a control ultrasound demonstrated associated signs of retro-septal extension. This case brings to light the essential role of ultrasound in suspected cellulitis, as a mean to differentiate between preseptal cellulitis and retroseptal (orbital) cellulitis. In the paediatric population ultrasound should be the ...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 15, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Ultrasound-guided caudal epidural injection in three simple steps.
Authors: Yildizgoren MT Abstract N/A. PMID: 32399532 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 15, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

A rare case of pericardial lymphoma in a heart transplantation recipient.
Authors: Wu C, Zhang L, Li Y, Xie M Abstract . PMID: 32399533 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 15, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

The association between jaw-opening strength, geniohyoid muscle thickness and echo intensity measured by ultrasound.
CONCLUSIONS: There was a positive correlation between geniohyoid muscle thickness and jaw-opening strength; echo intensity negatively correlated with jaw-opening strength. Ultrasound evaluation of geniohyoid muscle status provides important information about maintaining jaw-opening strength. PMID: 32399534 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 15, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in the initial evaluation of the kidney graft function: a pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: Intensity CEUS parameters WoAUC and WiWoAUC may be useful to diagnose and follow-up grafts with delayed function. Additional studies on larger cohorts are required for the recommendation of CEUS as a routine evaluation of the transplanted kidney. PMID: 32399535 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 15, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Ultrasound semiautomatic versus manual estimation of carotid intima-media thickness: reproducibility and cardiovascular risk stratification.
Authors: Monti CB, Alì M, Capra D, Wiedenmann F, Lastella G, Secchi F, Sardanelli F Abstract AIMS: Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) is used increasingly as an imaging biomarker of cardiovascular risk (CVR). Our aim was to compare semiautomatic CIMT (sCIMT) versus manual CIMT (mCIMT) for reproducibility and prediction of CVR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two independent readers measured sCIMT and mCIMT on previously acquired images of the right common carotid artery of 200 consecutive patients. Measurements were performed twice, four weeks apart; sCIMT was reported along with an image quality index (IQI) p...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 15, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Quantification of Steatosis and Fibrosis using a new system implemented in an ultrasound machine.
Authors: Sporea I, Bâldea V, Lupușoru R, Bende F, Mare R, Lazăr A, Popescu A, Șirli R Abstract AIM: The study compared the usefulness of 2D-SWE and attenuation measurements obtained using Aplio i800 from Canon together with Transient Elastography (TE) and the Controlled Attenuation Parameter (CAP) as the reference method. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included 112 consecutive adults with reliable LS measurements, 44 healthy subjects and 68 subjects with chronic hepatopathies in whom liver stiffness (LS) and steatosis were evaluated in the same session employing two elastography techniques: Transient Elastog...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 15, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

The role of grey-scale ultrasound in the diagnosis of adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Our meta-analysis showed that grey-scale US plays a significant role in the diagnosis of ACS. Because of its high sensitivity and specificity, US can be added to the existing clinical diagnosis program. PMID: 32399538 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 15, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

A quantitative grading system of vesicoureteral reflux by contrastenhanced voiding urosonography.
CONCLUSIONS: The numerical indicator SAR calculated from ceVUS may be used to establish a quantitative VUR grading system with excellent diagnostic performance and can potentially serve as a reliable tool for the evaluation and follow-up of VUR. PMID: 32399539 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical Ultrasonography)
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 15, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research

Cystic echinococcosis, review and illustration of non-hepatic manifestations.
Authors: Dietrich CF, Douira-Khomsi W, Gharbi H, Sharma M, Cui XW, Sparchez Z, Richter J, Kabaalioğlu A, Atkinson NS, Schreiber-Dietrich D, Dong Y Abstract Cystic echinococcosis (CE) or hydatidosis (hydatid cysts), is an infection with a wide spectrum of manifestations, from asymptomatic infection to fatal disease. Ultrasound (US) allows screening, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, treatment guidance and follow-up of CE under many circumstances. Hydatid cysts are predominantly observed in the liver but many other organs can be involved. As part of a series of publications, herewith we present a review describing ...
Source: Medical Ultrasonography - May 15, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Med Ultrason Source Type: research