The sleep macroarchitecture of children at risk for depression recruited in sleep centers.
CONCLUSION: This study shows that children and adolescents born from mothers with a history of at least one depressive episode had significantly more depressive symptoms than controls. However, only high-risk adolescents presented with concurrent alterations of sleep macroarchitecture. PMID: 22551763 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists)
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental health in different groups of migrants and ethnic minority within Europe and beyond: regional and cross-national challenges and approaches in research, practice and training.
Authors: Heinz A, Kluge U PMID: 22863243 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists)
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research

Socio-economic status and emotional distress of female Turkish immigrants and native German women living in Berlin.
CONCLUSION: The impact of socioeconomic hardship appears to be complicated by social roles and expectations related to these. Further in-depth study of the complex nature of the interaction of social roles and socioeconomic position in female Turkish immigrants in Germany is needed to better understand differing risk patterns for emotional distress. PMID: 22863244 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists)
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental health of Turkish women in Germany: resilience and risk factors.
Authors: Bromand Z, Temur-Erman S, Yesil R, Heredia Montesinos A, Aichberger MC, Kleiber D, Schouler-Ocak M, Heinz A, Kastrup MC, Rapp MA Abstract BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to examine the protective and risk factors of mental distress among Turkish women living in Germany. METHOD: 105 Turkish immigrant women living in Berlin were investigated with measures of extraversion/neuroticism (NEO-FFI), general self-efficacy (GSE), social support (BSSS), social strain (F-SOZU) and mental distress (GHQ-28). Interrelations between psychosocial variables were assessed using simple Pearson correlation...
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research

The influence of stigma on depression, overall psychological distress, and somatization among female Turkish migrants.
CONCLUSION: The positive relationships between stigma, depression, and overall psychological distress indicate that patients who are more depressed and who have higher levels of overall psychological distress experience their condition as more stigmatizing. Since somatic symptoms and stigma were not related (neither positively, nor negatively), it appears that depressive symptoms and other symptoms of psychological distress affect concerns about stigmatizing attitudes in a way that somatic symptoms do not. This result challenges common assumption of the 'somatization'hypothesis, i.e. that depression is 'somatized'because o...
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research

Translation and adaptation of the Zung Self- Rating Depression Scale for application in the bilingual Azerbaijani population.
CONCLUSIONS: Adaptation of the Zung Self-Reported Depression Scale improved cultural acceptability of the scale in the context of the Azerbaijani study population. PMID: 22863247 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists)
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research

Construction and interpretation of self-related function and dysfunction in Intercultural Psychiatry.
This study compares traditional Western concepts of the self and its dysfunction with self-concepts developed in Caribbean, African and South-East-Asian societies. This review demonstrates that "the self" is a fluid concept. Social function and dysfunction of such a self-concepts depend on a given cultural context. We argue that the cursive concept of the self is culturally constructed around cursive experiences which are shared by all human beings. Such universal experiences may include the prereflective access to individual thoughts and feelings, an automatic knowledge that (at least in non-pathological states)...
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research

The willingness to participate in health research studies of individuals with Turkish migration backgrounds: barriers and resources.
CONCLUSION: The willingness to participate in health research studies can be increased through particular efforts, which should be tailored to the recruitment of the underrepresented target population. PMID: 22863249 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists)
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research

Explanatory models and concepts of West African Malian patients with psychotic symptoms.
We examined explanatory models of West African patients with schizophrenia in a community-centred department of psychiatry in Mali, West Africa. METHODS: Patients and experts volunteered to be interviewed in the Department of Psychiatry of the University Hospital, Pont G, in Bamako, the capital of Mali. We used semi-structured interviews to explore key psychotic symptoms and explanatory models of psychosis in five experts and fifteen patients with schizophrenia. All interviews were analysed using computer assisted content-analysis with the program Atlas.ti. RESULTS: African patients displayed key symptoms of schizo...
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research

How to express mental health problems: Turkish immigrants in Berlin compared to native Germans in Berlin and Turks in Istanbul.
Authors: Vardar A, Kluge U, Penka S Abstract The paper explores expressions used by Turkish immigrants in Berlin to delineate psychiatric illnesses and psychological problems. These are compared to expressions used by native Germans in Berlin and Turks in Istanbul to assess possible cultural differences in articulating mental disorders. For this purpose, results of a Free Listing carried out with the three above mentioned groups are presented. The data suggest that relevant items which are connected to mental health issues vary between the groups as well as within the groups, thus showing dependency on factors such...
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research

Health services and the treatment of immigrants: data on service use, interpreting services and immigrant staff members in services across Europe.
DISCUSSION: For assessing and improving the quality of care provided for immigrants, there is a need to improve the availability of data on service use by immigrants in health services throughout Europe and to provide more consistent access to interpreting services. PMID: 22863252 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists)
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research

The concept of "intercultural opening": the development of an assessment tool for the appraisal of its current implementation in the mental health care system.
The concept of "intercultural opening": the development of an assessment tool for the appraisal of its current implementation in the mental health care system. Eur Psychiatry. 2012 Jun;27 Suppl 2:S63-9 Authors: Penka S, Kluge U, Vardar A, Borde T, Ingleby D Abstract The German concept of "intercultural opening" is an approach to facilitating migrants' access to the health care system and improving the care they receive. No data exist concerning the current status of the implementation of this approach in Germany, and the concept has never been analysed in practice. To assess the status o...
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cross-cultural training in mental health care--challenges and experiences from Sweden and Germany.
Authors: Bäärnhielm S, Mösko M Abstract Globalization and cultural diversity challenge mental health care in Europe. Sensitivity to culture in mental health care benefits effective delivery of care to the individual patient and can be a contribution to the larger project of building a tolerant multicultural society. Pivotal for improving cultural sensitivity in mental health care is knowledge in cross-cultural psychiatry, psychology, nursing and related fields among professionals and accordingly training of students and mental health professionals. This paper will give an overview, and a critical exa...
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research

Teaching psychiatry and establishing psychosocial services--lessons from Afghanistan.
We describe the extremely limited psychiatric resources of war-torn countries like Afghanistan. In such countries, we suggest to apply experience from training medical students in industrialized countries to teach a very basic and simplified understanding of psychiatric classifications and core diagnostic symptoms to medical students (who will later serve in various medical disciplines in regional and district hospitals) and to medical staff including nurses and psychosocial counsellors working in health posts and district hospitals. We describe such a brief but clinically relevant list of symptoms and classifications base...
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research

Epilogue. Mental health in different groups of migrants and ethnic minority in Europe and beyond.
Authors: Kleinman A PMID: 22863256 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists)
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research