Quality of life of indian pediatric surgeons: Results of a survey (of indian association of pediatric surgeons members)
Conclusion: This is the first study which objectively highlights that most surgeons are happy professionally and financially in due course of time and demolishes the common belief that pediatric surgeons are unsatisfied. It also acts as a point of reference and encouragement to newer aspirants in pediatric surgery. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - November 24, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: MM Zameer Sanjay Rao C Vinay Ashley D ' Cruz Source Type: research

Assessment of nutritional status of patients of congenital pouch colon following definitive surgery
Conclusions: On follow-up of the patients of CPC, anthropometry shows a high incidence of malnutrition, especially stunting in the 0-5 years age-group. There is an adequate adaptation of fluid-electrolyte homeostasis. Although Types I/II CPC patients have a significantly higher incidence of anemia and severe FI than Types III/IV CPC patients, long-term anthropometric parameters are similar. In Types I/II CPC, preservation of the colonic pouch by TC offers long-term benefit. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - November 24, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Nand Kishor Shinde Praveen Kumar Pradeep Kumar Dabla Praveen Jhanwar Rajiv Chadha Subhasis Roy Choudhury Source Type: research

Pediatric penile and glans anthropometry nomograms: An aid in hypospadias management
Archana Puri, Satyajit Sikdar, Raghu PrakashJournal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons 2017 22(1):9-12Objective: To establish pediatric penile and glans anthropometry nomograms. This may be used as a reference model for penile assessment while managing hypospadias. Patients and Methods: Between October 2012 and September 2013, 263 boys of varying ages (0-16 years) were included in the study. Those with genetic, endocrine disorders, having genital anomaly, undescended testis, neonates, and infants with a nonretractile prepuce, with multiple congenital anomalies and refusal to take part in the study were excluded....
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - November 24, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Archana Puri Satyajit Sikdar Raghu Prakash Source Type: research

Association of levels of serum inhibin b and follicle-stimulating hormone with testicular vascularity, volume, and echotexture in children with undescended testes
Conclusions: Our findings hint to the fact that palpable UDT forms a homogenous group, whether unilateral or bilateral, whereas impalpable testes may form a separate category and need further studies to substantiate this hypothesis. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - November 24, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Abhishek Chinya Simmi K Ratan Satish K Aggarwal Anju Garg TK Mishra Source Type: research

Presidential Address at 42 nd Annual Conference of the Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons (IAPSCON 2016) Agra September 29-October 2, 2016
Kishore PanjwaniJournal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons 2017 22(1):1-2 (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - November 24, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Kishore Panjwani Source Type: research

Congenital absence of appendix: A Surgeon's dilemma during surgery for acute appendicitis
Bikasha Bihary TripathyJournal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons 2016 21(4):199-201Congenital absence of the vermiform appendix is very rare in human beings with a reported incidence of 1 in 100,000 cases. Here, we report an incidence of a surgeon's dilemma to detect such a rare finding during surgery for a diagnosed case of acute appendicitis. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - July 19, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Bikasha Bihary Tripathy Source Type: research

Eventration of diaphragm with gastric perforation in a child: A rare presentation
Kartik Chandra Mandal, Shibsankar Barman, Samiran Biswas, Rajarshi Kumar, Madhumita Mukhopadhyay, Biswanath MukhopadhyayJournal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons 2016 21(4):207-208 (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - July 19, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Kartik Chandra MandalShibsankar BarmanSamiran BiswasRajarshi KumarMadhumita MukhopadhyayBiswanath Mukhopadhyay Source Type: research

Occult cysto-biliary communication: A forgotten complication of hepatic hydatidosis
Sundaram Jegadeesh, Jai Kumar MahajanJournal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons 2016 21(4):206-207 (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - July 19, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Sundaram JegadeeshJai Kumar Mahajan Source Type: research

Choledochal cyst with an aberrant right cholecysto-hepatic duct draining into cystic duct and a review of literature
Varun Hathiramani, Janani Krishnan, Vinod Raj, Rajeev G RedkarJournal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons 2016 21(4):205-205 (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - July 19, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Varun HathiramaniJanani KrishnanVinod RajRajeev G Redkar Source Type: research

Hickman to central venous catheter: A case of difficult venous access in a child suffering from acute lymphoblastic leukemia
We present a case of CVC insertion in a child suffering from acute lymphoblastic leukemia where an innovative technique was employed. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - July 19, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Arunangshu ChakrabortySanjit AgrawalTaniya DattaSuparna MitraRakhi Khemka Source Type: research

Congenital absence of appendix: A Surgeon's dilemma during surgery for acute appendicitis
Bikasha Bihary TripathyJournal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons 2016 21(4):199-201Congenital absence of the vermiform appendix is very rare in human beings with a reported incidence of 1 in 100,000 cases. Here, we report an incidence of a surgeon's dilemma to detect such a rare finding during surgery for a diagnosed case of acute appendicitis. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - July 19, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Bikasha Bihary Tripathy Source Type: research

The role of laparoscopy in the identification and management of missing accessory spleens after primary splenectomy: A case report and literature review
We present a 7-year-old boy with recurrent thrombocytopenia after primary laparoscopic splenectomy for immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). Imaging modalities (ultrasound, computed tomography scan, and scintigraphy) revealed two accessory spleens while the subsequent second laparoscopy revealed 11, which were successfully removed. The relevant medical literature is reviewed, and the value of laparoscopy for chronic ITP is highlighted. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - July 19, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: George VaosElpis MantadakisStefanos GardikisMichael Pitiakoudis Source Type: research

Coexisting urogenital anomaly and duodenal atresia in two atypical Holt-Oram syndrome
We report two cases with HOS, first associated with renal agenesis, coronal hypospadias, urethral duplication and second associated with duodenal atresia and horseshoe kidney that have not been reported in English literature. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - July 19, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Tuncer Ahmet AliKaravelioglu AfraBaskin Embleton DidemElmas Muhsin Source Type: research

Inflammatory duodenal necrosis complicating gastroschisis
Dina Fouad, Geraint J Lee, Manasvi Upadhyaya, David DrakeJournal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons 2016 21(4):190-192Babies with gastroschisis have an increased risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) that can lead to short bowel syndrome, a long-term parenteral nutrition requirement, and its associated complications. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of recurrent duodenal ischemia and necrosis associated with gastroschisis in the absence of NEC totalis. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - July 19, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Dina FouadGeraint J LeeManasvi UpadhyayaDavid Drake Source Type: research

Currarino syndrome: Rare clinical variants
This article presents two cases of Currarino syndrome, where there was rare clinical variants such as rectal atresia in the first case and rectal stenosis in the second case. The clinical presentations were very deceptive as the first case presented as high anorectal malformation and the second case was simulating Hirschprung's disease. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - July 19, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Bindey KumarAmit Kumar SinhaPrem KumarAnil Kumar Source Type: research

Laparoscopic retrieval of unusual intra-abdominal foreign bodies in children
We present here three cases where two needles and a belt buckle were removed by laparoscopy thus avoiding a laparotomy. These cases prove that laparoscopy should be the first choice for such kind of retrieval. These cases had a successful outcome with full recovery. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - July 19, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Yasir Ahmad LoneRavi Prakash KanojiaRam SamujhKattaragadda Laxmi Narasimha Rao Source Type: research

Aggressive cervical neuroblastoma with a rare paraneoplastic syndrome: A therapeutic dilemma
We present an interesting case of an unrelenting cervical neuroblastoma associated with HD, which posed a therapeutic challenge. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - July 19, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Sajid S QureshiMonica BhagatJay AnamTushar Vora Source Type: research

Gluteal teratoma: A rare site of extragonadal teratoma
Hemonta Kr Dutta, Pronami Borah, Mauchumi BaruahJournal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons 2016 21(4):178-180Extragonadal teratomas are rarely encountered in infants and children. These tumors are reported in retroperitoneum, floor of the mouth, mediastinum, craniofacial region or even in the solid organs of the body. Most of the gluteal teratomas reported in the literature are in fact, lateralized sacrococcygeal teratomas. We are reporting a case of unilateral big gluteal teratoma in a 6-year-old girl. The tumor did not have any connection with the sacrum or coccyx and was successfully removed. Histology showed w...
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - July 19, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Hemonta Kr DuttaPronami BorahMauchumi Baruah Source Type: research

Intragastric pressure: Useful indicator in the management of congenital diaphragmatic hernia
Conclusion: Measurement of IGP as an objective, noninvasive and simple method to evaluate intra-abdominal pressure and prevention of abdominal compartment syndrome and intraoperative IGP value determines the types of abdominal closure. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - July 19, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Kartik Chandra MandalPankaj HalderShibsankar BarmanRajarshi KumarBiswanath MukhopadhyayRam Mohan Shukla Source Type: research

Comparison of intravenous urography and magnetic resonance urography in preoperative evaluation of pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction in children
Conclusion: MRU is better than IVU, especially in case of poorly functioning kidneys which are not visualized on IVU. MRU also provides anatomic details of the ureter and vessels with better evaluation of renal parenchyma. It also has an additional advantage of detecting incidental extra renal abnormalities, if present. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - July 19, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Alok SharmaKushaljit Singh SodhiAkshay Kumar SaxenaAnmol BhatiaPrema MenonKatragadda L. N. RaoNiranjan Khandelwal Source Type: research

Scrotal abscess: Varied etiology, associations, and management
Conclusion: Scrotal abscess needs a high index of suspicion for predisposing pathology, especially in infants. Laparoscopy is safe and effective in the management of the MGD and ectopic ureter. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - July 19, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Raghu S RamareddyAnand Alladi Source Type: research

The long-term outcomes after staged repair of exstrophy-epispadias complex
Conclusion: In our experience, the modern staged repair offers a low risk of renal scarring with acceptable continence opportunity with acceptable cosmetic appearance of external genitalia in the males and females. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - July 19, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Sajni I Khemchandani Source Type: research

Dr. Nitin Dhende
Rasik S ShahJournal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons 2016 21(4):157-157 (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - July 19, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Rasik S Shah Source Type: research

Unusual postoperative complication of minimally invasive transhiatal esophagectomy and esophageal substitution for absolute dysphagia in a child with corrosive esophageal stricture
We report the laparoscopic management of a rare complication which developed after laparoscopic esophagectomy and esophageal substitution. The timely recognition and management by the minimally invasive approach have been highlighted. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - May 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: DK KandpalDK BhargavaN JerathLA DarrSujit K Chowdhary Source Type: research

Management of long segment congenital esophageal stenosis: A novel technique
We present a case of a 5-year-old boy who was diagnosed as CES and was successfully managed with stricturoplasty with some innovative modifications. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - May 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Vishesh JainDevendra Kumar YadavShilpa SharmaManisha JanaDevendra Kumar Gupta Source Type: research

Thoracoscopic excision of foregut duplication cyst: A case report and review of literature
We report a successful management of foregut duplication cyst thoracoscopically in a child with review of literature. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - May 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Shandip Kumar SinhaAshwini KhanolkarNirali C ThakkarPrince RajParveen KumarAnju R Bhalotra Source Type: research

A new approach for the management of esophageal atresia without tracheo-esophageal fistula
Nandini K Bedi, Alka G Grewal, Shubhra Rathore, Uttam GeorgeJournal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons 2016 21(3):144-146Long gap esophageal atresia (OA) is a challenging condition. While discussing the various methods of management available to us, we report the use of magnetic resonance imaging in a case of pure OA to judge the gap between two ends of the esophagus. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - May 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Nandini K BediAlka G GrewalShubhra RathoreUttam George Source Type: research

Review of esophageal injuries and stenosis: Lessons learn and current concepts of management
Conclusion: Esophageal injuries though rare can be potentially devastating and life-threatening. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - May 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Raghu Sampalli RamareddyAnand Alladi Source Type: research

An assessment of quality of life of operated cases of esophageal atresia in the community
Conclusions: While survivals of the children born with EA have improved, these children still face nutritional, respiratory, and gastroesophageal problems during their early childhood. In spite of this, the overall QoL of this patient group appears good. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - May 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Harshjeet Singh BalSudipta SenSampath KarlJohn MathaiReju Joseph Thomas Source Type: research

Determinants of gap length in esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula and the impact of gap length on outcome
This study was aimed at identifying factors which may affect the gap length in cases of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula (EA-TEF) and whether gap length plays any role in determining the outcome. Materials and Methods: All consecutive cases of EA-TEF were included and different patient parameters were recorded. Plain radiographs with a nasogastric tube in the upper esophagus were taken. Patients were grouped into T1-T2; T2-T3; T3-T4; and T4 depending on the thoracic vertebral level of the arrest of the tube. During surgery, the gap length between the pouches was measured using a Vernier caliper and the pat...
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - May 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Muffazzal RassiwalaSubhasis Roy ChoudhuryPartap Singh YadavPraveen JhanwarRaghu Prakash AgarwalRajiv ChadhaPinaki Ranjan Debnath Source Type: research

Treat for Ea-Tef
S RameshJournal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons 2016 21(3):125-125 (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - May 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: S Ramesh Source Type: research

Thoracoscopic repair of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula: Basics of technique and its nuances
Conclusions: TREAT is now a well-established procedure and currently is the preferred approach wherever feasible. The avoidance of thoracotomy is a major advantage to the newborn and is proven to benefit the recovery in the postoperative patient. The technique demonstrated, and the tweaks reported make the procedure easy and is helpful to beginners. The outcome is very much comparable to the open repair as proven by various series. Various parameters like leak rate, anastomotic stricture are the same. The outcome is comparable if you TREAT these babies well. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - May 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Ravi Prakash KanojiaNeerja BhardwajDeepak DwivediRaj KumarSaajan JoshiRam SamujhK. L. N. Rao Source Type: research

The use of ileocolic segment for esophageal replacement in children
Conclusions: Although the ileocolic segment is not commonly used for esophageal substitution, it can be useful in special situations where the substitution needs to reach the high cervical esophagus and also where the stomach is scarred and not suitable for gastric pull-up. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - May 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Harshjeet Singh BalSudipta Sen Source Type: research

Reviewer's commentary
Satish Kumar AggarwalJournal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons 2016 21(3):115-115 (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - May 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Satish Kumar Aggarwal Source Type: research

Pediatric esophageal substitution by gastric pull-up and gastric tube
Conclusions: Perioperative tachyarrhythmias are common following GPU which mandates close intensive care monitoring with ventilation and judicious use of beta blocking drugs. Retrosternal GT with a staged neck anastomosis can be performed without postoperative ventilation. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - May 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Subhasis Roy ChoudhuryPartap Singh YadavNiyaz Ahmed KhanShalu ShahPinaki Ranjan DebnathVirendra KumarRajiv Chadha Source Type: research

Clinical profile and management options of children with congenital esophageal stenosis: A single center experience
Conclusion: Congenital esophageal stenosis is rare and often confused with other causes of esophageal obstruction. Although endoscopic balloon dilatation offers an effective temporary relief, we feel that definitive surgery is curative. Long-term results following definitive surgery have been good, especially with respect to symptoms and weight gain. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - May 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Jujju Jacob KurianSusan JehangirIsaac Tharu VargheseReju Joseph ThomasJohn MathaiSampath Karl Source Type: research

Esophageal replacement in children: Challenges and long-term outcomes
We present a concise literature review of the currently used techniques and with discussions on the advantages and anticipated morbidity. There are no randomized controlled pediatric studies to compare different types of esophageal replacements. Management and graft choice are based on geographical and personal predilections rather than on any discernible objective data. The biggest series with long-term outcome are reported for gastric transposition and colonic replacement. Comparison of different studies shows no significant difference in early (graft necrosis and anastomotic leaks) or late complications (strictures, poo...
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - May 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Giampiero SoccorsoDakshesh H Parikh Source Type: research

Surgical diseases of the esophagus in children
Subhasis Roy ChoudhuryJournal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons 2016 21(3):96-97 (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - May 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Subhasis Roy Choudhury Source Type: research

Laparoscopic ipsilateral ureteroureterostomy for the management of children with duplication anomalies
Deepak Agarwal, Deepak Kumar Kandpal, Sujit Kumar ChowdharyJournal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons 2016 21(2):92-93 (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - February 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Deepak AgarwalDeepak Kumar KandpalSujit Kumar Chowdhary Source Type: research

A new anastomosis technique for intestinal diseases with proximal dilated segments
We describe a different, simple, and safe technique that can be used in patients with intestinal diseases, such as jejunoileal atresia and perforation that has proximal dilated segments. In this technique, an atraumatic bowel clamp was applied on the proximal dilated bowel at a 90° angle. In the narrow distal segment, we resected the bowel at a 0° angle and continued at a 30° angle from the antimesenteric side. Finally, a two-layer interrupted anastomosis was performed. We applied this technique to a 31-day-old patient who had a divided jejunostomy due to malrotation and perforation with a proximal dilated b...
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - February 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Metin Gündüz Source Type: research

Delayed onset of right congenital diaphragmatic hernia associated with Group B streptococcal sepsis in a neonate
Lalit ParidaJournal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons 2016 21(2):87-89A full-term male neonate was initially managed for respiratory distress which developed few hours after birth. His initial chest radiograph was normal, and blood culture revealed Group B streptococcal (GBS) sepsis. He subsequently developed progressive right chest opacification that did not improve with medical management. Imaging done few days later revealed right-sided diaphragmatic hernia. The 12-day-old neonate underwent primary repair of the diaphragmatic defect and had an uneventful recovery. This case report intends to highlight this uni...
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - February 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Lalit Parida Source Type: research

Pancreatoblastoma masquerading as hepatoblastoma: A diagnostic dilemma
We report a case of a 4-year-old boy with a right hypochondriac region mass, which was diagnosed as hepatoblastoma on the basis of imaging, raised tumor marker, and biopsy; however, pancreatic origin of the mass was ascertained on exploration and pancreatoblastoma was confirmed on histopathology. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - February 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Aruna PrabhuMonica BhagatMukta RamadwarSajid S Qureshi Source Type: research

Rhabdomyosarcoma of the breast: Report of two cases with the review of literature
Nizamudheen M Pareekutty, Monica Bhagat, Tushar Vora, Sajid S QureshiJournal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons 2016 21(2):81-83Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a common soft-tissue neoplasm in the pediatric age group. Common locations are head and neck, genitourinary areas, trunk, and extremities. Two pathologic variants of this malignancy are embryonal and alveolar. The involvement of breast is rare. Herein, we report two cases of alveolar RMS of the breast of which one is an isolated breast metastasis from an orbital primary, whereas the other is a primary RMS of the breast. Both the patients were treated with surgery...
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - February 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Nizamudheen M PareekuttyMonica BhagatTushar VoraSajid S Qureshi Source Type: research

Complete sternal cleft - A rare congenital malformation and its repair in a 3-month-old boy: A case report
We present a case of complete sternal cleft in a 3-month-old child. The patient underwent primary closure of the defect using stainless steel wires. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - February 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Paras KothariAbhaya GuptaPrashant S PatilGeeta KekreRavi KambleKiran Vishesh Dikshit Source Type: research

Synovial sarcoma of kidney in a child: A rare presentation
We present a 4-year-old female who was suspected to have Wilms' tumor. The patient underwent guided biopsy as she did not respond to neoadjuvant chemotherapy for Wilms' tumor. The biopsy was consistent with primary renal synovial sarcoma. The child was treated with change in her neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimen and surgery. The diagnosis of synovial sarcoma was confirmed by demonstrating the t (X, 18) translocation using polymerase chain reaction. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - February 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Venkatraman RadhakrishnanManikandan DhanushkodiKathiresan NarayanswamyAnand RajaShirley SundersinghTenali Sagar Source Type: research

Giant congenital solitary nonparasitic cyst of the liver causing respiratory distress in a neonate
Minakshi Bhosale, Dasmit SinghJournal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons 2016 21(2):72-74A 3-day-old male neonate delivered at 34 weeks of gestational age was brought with breathing difficulty since birth. The abdomen was massively distended. A soft cystic mass was occupying almost the entire abdomen and causing obvious respiratory distress. On exploration, a huge, solitary, unilocular cyst was found between the two lobes of the liver. Growing extrahepatically between the two lobes, it had displaced them laterally on either side. Enucleation of the cyst and marsupialization of its base was done. Histopathology sho...
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - February 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Minakshi BhosaleDasmit Singh Source Type: research

The extended Kasai portoenterostomy for biliary atresia: A preliminary report
Conclusion: In our preliminary report of 31 children, we conclude that the extended KPE leads to increased jaundice clearance and improved NLSR in children with BA. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - February 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Priya RamachandranMohamed SafwanSankaranarayanan SrinivasNaresh ShanmugamMukul VijMohamed Rela Source Type: research

Uncommon renal tumors in children: A single center experience
Conclusion: The clinical presentations of these uncommon renal tumors are similar to that of Wilms' tumor. Thus, preoperative diagnosis is difficult even with modern imaging techniques. Some of these tumors (CCS, rhabdoid tumor) are rapidly progressing and have a poor outcome. Hence, early intervention in the form of complete surgical resection of the tumor (whenever possible) and postoperative chemo/radiotherapy are imperative for fruitful outcome. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - February 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Kartik Chandra MandalMadhumita MukhopadhyayShibsankar BarmanPankaj HalderBiswanath MukhopadhyayRajarshi Kumar Source Type: research

The fate of facial asymmetry after surgery for "muscular torticollis" in early childhood
Conclusion: Most of the deformity of facial asymmetry gets corrected in the first two years after surgery. By adolescence, the face returns to normal. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - February 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Dinesh Kittur Source Type: research

Video teaching program on management of colostomy: Evaluation of its impact on caregivers
Conclusion: The VTP was effective in bringing about an increase in the knowledge and skill of caregivers of children having colostomy. Therefore, video can be utilized for the counselling of caregivers of children with colostomy. (Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons)
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - February 18, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Heena DabasKamlesh Kumari SharmaPoonam JoshiSandeep Agarwala Source Type: research