Hearing Features and Cochlear Implantation Outcomes in Patients With PathogenicMYO15AVariants: a Multicenter Observational Study
Conclusions: The hearing features of patients with biallelic pathogenicMYO15Avariants are characterized by severe to profound SNHI, rapid hearing progression, and favorable outcomes with cochlear implants. Periodic auditory monitoring is warranted for these patients to enable early intervention. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - July 1, 2022 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Better hearing in Norway. A comparison of two HUNT cohorts 20 years apart.: Erratum
No abstract available (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - June 28, 2022 Category: Audiology Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

More Than Words: the Relative Roles of Prosody and Semantics in the Perception of Emotions in Spoken Language by Postlingual Cochlear Implant Users
Conclusions: CI users and NH controls did not differ in perception of prosodic and semantic emotions and in auditory selective attention. However, when the task called for integration of prosody and semantics, CI users overused the semantic information (as compared with NH). We suggest that as CI users adopt diverse cue weighting strategies with device experience, their weighting of prosody and semantics differs from those used by NH. Finally, CI users may benefit from rehabilitation strategies that strengthen perception of prosodic information to better understand emotional speech. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - June 28, 2022 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

The Impact of Occupational Noise Exposure on Hyperacusis: a Longitudinal Population Study of Female Workers in Sweden
Conclusions: This study indicates increased risk of hyperacusis already below the permissible occupational noise exposure limit in Sweden (85 dB LAeq,8h) among female workers in general, and in particular among preschool teachers. Prospective studies and less wide exposure intervals could confirm causal effects and assess dose–response relationships, respectively, although this study at present suggest a need for risk assessment, improved hearing prevention measures, and noise abatement measures in occupations with noise levels from 75 dB(A). The results could also have implications for management of occupational dis...
Source: Ear and Hearing - June 28, 2022 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Phonological Priming as a Lens for Phonological Organization in Children With Cochlear Implants
Conclusions: The different experience of children with cochlear implants with phonological facilitation and inhibition effects may indicate children with cochlear implants have phonological organization strategies that are different from those of children with typical hearing. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - June 28, 2022 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Prelinguistic Consonant Production and the Influence of Mouthing Before and After Cochlear Implantation
Conclusions: The results document consonant production before cochlear implantation in a larger group of infants with profound hearing loss than previously examined. The results also extend evidence of early delays in consonant production to infants who received cochlear implants at 12 mo of age, and show that they likely miss the potential benefits of auditory-motor feedback in vocalization-mouthing combinations that occur before they have access to sound through cochlear implants. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - June 28, 2022 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Pitch Accuracy of Vocal Singing in Deaf Children With Bimodal Hearing and Bilateral Cochlear Implants
Conclusion: Vocal singing performance in children with bilateral CIs or bimodal devices is not significantly different from each other on a group level. Compared to children with NH, the pediatric bimodal and bilateral CI users, in general, demonstrated significant deficits in vocal singing ability. Demographic and audiological factors, known from previous studies to be associated with good speech and language development in prelingually-deafened children with CIs, were not associated with singing accuracy for these children. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - June 28, 2022 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Sensitivity of Vowel-Evoked Envelope Following Responses to Spectra and Level of Preceding Phoneme Context
Conclusion: EFRs elicited by the second and higher formants of /i/ are sensitive to the spectral and level characteristics of the preceding phoneme context. Such sensitivity, measured as an attenuation in the present study, may influence the comparison of EFRs elicited by the same vowel in different consonant-vowel syllables or words. However, the degree of attenuation with realistic context levels exceeded the minimum measurable change only 12% of the time. Although the impact of the preceding context is statistically significant, it is likely to be clinically insignificant a majority of the time. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - June 28, 2022 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Bilinguals Show Proportionally Greater Benefit From Visual Speech Cues and Sentence Context in Their Second Compared to Their First Language
Conclusions: Bilinguals benefit from visual speech cues and sentence context in their second language during speech in noise and do so to a greater extent than in their first language given the same level of background noise. Together, this indicates that L2 speech perception can be conceptualized within an inverse effectiveness hypothesis framework with a complex interplay of sensory factors (i.e., the quality of the auditory speech signal and visual speech cues) and linguistic factors (i.e., presence or absence of supportive context and L2 experience of the listener). (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - June 28, 2022 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

The Effect of Advanced Age on the Electrode-Neuron Interface in Cochlear Implant Users
Conclusions: The model developed in this study can be used to estimate the quality of the ENI at individual electrode locations in CI users. The quality of the ENI is affected by the location of the electrode along the length of the cochlea. The method for estimating the quality of the ENI developed in this study holds promise for identifying electrodes with poor ENIs that could be deactivated from the clinical programming map. The ENI is not strongly affected by advanced age in middle-aged and elderly CI users. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - June 28, 2022 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Pure Tone Audiometry Evaluation Method Effectiveness in Detecting Hearing Changes Due to Workplace Ototoxicant, Continuous Noise, and Impulse Noise Exposures
Conclusions: Results suggest that a single PTA evaluation technique may not be adequate in fully revealing hearing impairment risk due to all stressors and tailoring the PTA evaluation technique to the hazards present in the workplace could better detect hearing impairment. Additionally, results suggest that PTA may not be effective as the sole technique for evaluating hearing impairment due to ototoxicant exposure with continuous noise co-exposure. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - June 28, 2022 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Cholesteatoma Is Associated With Pediatric Progressive Sensorineural Hearing Loss
Conclusions: The statistical analyses demonstrated an association between cholesteatoma and pediatric progressive sensorineural hearing loss. These findings inform clinical management by suggesting that children with cholesteatoma diagnoses may be at increased risk for progressive sensorineural hearing loss and should receive continued monitoring even after a normal masked BC baseline has been established. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - June 28, 2022 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Video Head Impulse Test in Darkness, Without Visual Fixation: A Study on Healthy Subjects
This study aimed to evaluate the possibility of individualizing the VOR contribution to the HIT. Design: Thirty-six healthy individuals (19 males, 17 females; age 21–64 years, mean 39 years) underwent horizontal video HIT (vHIT). This was first conducted in darkness, without visual fixation, and then visually tracked. Results: Seventy percent of the impulses delivered ocular responses opposite to the direction of the head, matching its velocity to a point where quick anticompensatory eye movements (SQEM) stopped the response (SQEM mean latency 58.21 ms, interquartile range 50–67 ms). Of these, 75% rec...
Source: Ear and Hearing - June 28, 2022 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

The Impact of Synchronized Cochlear Implant Sampling and Stimulation on Free-Field Spatial Hearing Outcomes: Comparing the ciPDA Research Processor to Clinical Processors
Conclusions: Using processors with synchronized hardware did not yield an improvement in sound localization or SRM for all individuals, suggesting that mere synchronization of hardware is not sufficient for improving spatial hearing outcomes. Further work is needed to improve sound coding strategies to facilitate access to spatial hearing cues. This study provides a benchmark for spatial hearing performance with real-time, bilaterally-synchronized research processors. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - June 28, 2022 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Clinical Spectrum of Positional Vertigo in an Outpatient Setting
Conclusions: PV is the most common self-reported dizziness pattern and is predominantly caused by BPPV and VM. VM is the most common cause of PV with atypical PN and PV without PN. Clinicians often erroneously assume the presence of PN in those with PV. Managing PV without PN can be challenging because of the uncertainty surrounding this phenomenon. Structured patient-oriented questionnaires assist clinicians in making timely diagnoses and adjusting treatment goals accordingly. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - June 28, 2022 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research