Achieved Gain and Subjective Outcomes for a Wide-Bandwidth Contact Hearing Aid Fitted Using CAM2
Conclusions: Participants used and reported subjective benefit from the Earlens system. Most participants preferred slightly less gain at 6 to 10 kHz than prescribed for experienced users by CAM2, preferring similar gains to those prescribed for inexperienced users, but gains over the extended high frequencies were high relative to those that are currently available with acoustic hearing aids. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Effect of Probe-Tone Frequency on Ipsilateral and Contralateral Electrical Stapedius Reflex Measurement in Children With Cochlear Implants
Conclusion: Typically, measurement of stapedius reflexes is less successful in the implanted ears of cochlear implant recipients compared with measurements in the contralateral, unimplanted ear. The ability to measure eSRT levels ipsilaterally can be improved by using a higher probe frequency. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Air- and Bone-Conducted Sources of Feedback With an Active Middle Ear Implant
Conclusion: AMEI produce both air- and bone-conducted signals of adequate strength to be detected by the implanted device microphone, potentially resulting in reamplification. Understanding the relative contribution of these sources may play an important role in the development of targeted mitigation algorithms, as well as surgical techniques emphasizing acoustic isolation. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

The Effects of Dynamic-range Automatic Gain Control on Sentence Intelligibility With a Speech Masker in Simulated Cochlear Implant Listening
Conclusions: These results favor strategies that incorporate channel-linked AGC and multi-band AGC for bilateral CIs. Linked AGC aids speech intelligibility in spatially separated speech, but reduces the degree to which dynamic range is compressed. Combining multi-band and channel-linked AGC offsets the potential impact of diminished dynamic range with linked AGC without sacrificing the intelligibility gains observed with linked AGC. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Hearing and Auditory Processing Abilities in Primary School Children with Learning Difficulties
Conclusion: The potential for hearing impairment should be investigated in children with LD. These investigations should begin with CHA, and for children returning normal-hearing thresholds, should continue with measures of AR, DD, and LPFS, to ensure these children receive the appropriate auditory support needed to enhance their learning. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Machine Learning Models for the Hearing Impairment Prediction in Workers Exposed to Complex Industrial Noise: A Pilot Study
Conclusions: This pilot study demonstrated that machine learning algorithms are potential tools for the evaluation and prediction of noise-induced hearing impairment in workers exposed to diverse complex industrial noises. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Hearing Protector Attenuation and Noise Exposure Among Metal Manufacturing Workers
This study utilized personal noise measurements and fit-testing to evaluate the association between noise exposures and personal attenuation rating (PAR) values among participating workers, and second, to compare the attenuated exposure levels received by the workers and the British Standards Institute’s recommended noise exposure range of 70 to 80 dBA. Design: We measured hearing protection device (HPD) attenuation among a sample of 91 workers at 2 US metal manufacturing facilities, through performance of personal noise dosimetry measurements and HPD fit-testing over multiple work shifts. We compared this testing...
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Service Preferences of Parents of Children With Mild Bilateral or Unilateral Hearing Loss: A Conjoint Analysis Study
Conclusions: Conjoint analysis was used to quantify parents’ preferences for service attributes. Parents’ values provide insights into the aspects of a service model that should receive consideration in the development of intervention programs for young children with mild bilateral or unilateral hearing loss and their families. Although parents of young children with mild bilateral or unilateral hearing loss valued several components of care, they indicated a clear preference for speech-language support compared with support for amplification use. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Speech Auditory Brainstem Responses: Effects of Background, Stimulus Duration, Consonant–Vowel, and Number of Epochs
Conclusions: This is the first study that systematically investigated the clinical feasibility of speech-ABRs in terms of stimulus duration, background noise, and number of epochs. Speech-ABRs can be reliably recorded to the 40 msec [da] without compromising response quality even when presented in background noise. Because fewer epochs were needed for the 40 msec [da], this would be the optimal stimulus for clinical use. Finally, given that there was no effect of consonant–vowel on speech-ABR peak latencies, there is no evidence that speech-ABRs are suitable for assessing auditory discrimination of the stimuli used...
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Early Hearing Detection and Intervention: Timely Diagnosis, Timely Management
Conclusions: The technology used for assessment, clinical protocol, and timing of assessment of infants can impact the timeline for diagnosis and treatment of congenital hearing impairment. Given the significant sequelae of delayed or missed diagnosis of hearing loss in infancy, implementing clinical practice changes should be considered at pediatric diagnostic centers. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Cognitive Abilities Contribute to Spectro-Temporal Discrimination in Children Who Are Hard of Hearing
Conclusions: These results indicate that greater general cognitive abilities are associated with better spectro-temporal ripple discrimination ability, independent of children’s age or aided SII. It is possible that these relationships reflect the cognitive demands of the psychophysical task rather than a direct relationship of cognitive ability to spectro-temporal processing in the auditory system. Further work is needed to determine the relationships of cognitive abilities to ripple discrimination in other populations, such as children with cochlear implants or with a wider range of aided SII. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

A Qualitative Study on Factors Modulating Tinnitus Experience
Conclusions: Two of the main themes (participants’ appraisal of their tinnitus and consequences of tinnitus) were consistent with findings from a few previous qualitative studies. Factors modulating tinnitus experience also emerged as a prominent theme. Indeed, participants described a plethora of factors that affected their experiences of tinnitus. On the basis of these findings, an attentional model is proposed to account for how these factors might modulate the effects of tinnitus. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

The Effect of Hearing Aid Bandwidth and Configuration of Hearing Loss on Bimodal Speech Recognition in Cochlear Implant Users
Conclusions: The pattern of bimodal performance as a function of the HA bandwidth was found to be consistent with the degree and configuration of hearing loss for both patients with CI>HA performance and for those with HA>CI performance. Our results support fitting the HA for all bimodal patients with the widest bandwidth consistent with effective audibility. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Changing Hearing Performance and Sound Preference With Words and Expectations: Meaning Responses in Audiology
Conclusions: Imparting or inviting meaning into the context of audiological outcome measurement can alter outcomes even in the absence of any additional technology or treatment. These findings lend support to a growing body of research about the many nonauditory factors including motivation, effort, and task demands that can impact performance in our clinics and laboratories. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Health-Related Quality of Life in Mandarin-Speaking Children With Cochlear Implants
This study included parents of 123 children with CIs (mean age, 40.45 months; mean age of CI implantation, 24.74 months; mean device experience, 16.34 months). The time periods for follow-up were at 0, 1, 2, 3, 6, and 12-month intervals of CI use. The Mandarin Children with Cochlear Implants: Parental Perspectives questionnaire was employed to assess HRQoL. Results: Parents were satisfied with HRQoL, especially with the domain of social relations; however, education received a less positive rating. The duration of CI use was positively correlated with 5 domains, suggesting that children who used CIs for a longer time ha...
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Health-Related Quality of Life Instruments for Children With Cochlear Implants: Development of Child and Parent-Proxy Measures
Conclusions: CI-specific HRQoL instruments have now been developed for school-age children with CIs, with an accompanying parent-proxy version. After a psychometric validation, these CI-specific measures will enable us to track long-term outcomes, evaluate the efficacy of interventions to improve CI use (e.g., single versus bilateral implantation, AV therapy, maternal sensitivity training), and provide a profile of the “whole child’s” functioning to facilitate care. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Residual Cochlear Function in Adults and Children Receiving Cochlear Implants: Correlations With Speech Perception Outcomes
Objectives: Variability in speech perception outcomes with cochlear implants remains largely unexplained. Recently, electrocochleography, or measurements of cochlear potentials in response to sound, has been used to assess residual cochlear function at the time of implantation. Our objective was to characterize the potentials recorded preimplantation in subjects of all ages, and evaluate the relationship between the responses, including a subjective estimate of neural activity, and speech perception outcomes. Design: Electrocochleography was recorded in a prospective cohort of 284 candidates for cochlear implant at Un...
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Development and Preliminary Findings of the Dizziness Symptom Profile
Conclusions: Early results suggest that DSP may be useful in the creation of differential diagnoses for dizzy patients that can be evaluated and managed locally. This has the potential to reduce the burden on primary care providers and reduce delays in the diagnosis of common dizziness and vertigo disorders. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Optimized Pitch and Language Strategy in Cochlear Implant Recipients
Conclusions: The CP900 OPAL implementation provided a significant benefit to perception of speech intonation when compared with ACE. Comparable speech perception (in quiet and noise) and subjective ratings of speech intelligibility between strategies were also achieved after a period of acclimatization. These outcomes are consistent with results of earlier studies using prototype versions of the strategy and reaffirm its potential for improvement of F0 pitch perception in speech while preserving coding of segmental speech information. Furthermore, the OPAL strategy can be programmed into subject’s processors using ...
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Redundant Information Is Sometimes More Beneficial Than Spatial Information to Understand Speech in Noise
Conclusions: Our framework yielded new insights in binaural processing in speech intelligibility. First, interaural level differences disturb speech intelligibility in realistic listening conditions. Therefore, to optimize speech intelligibility in hearing aids, it is more beneficial to improve monaural signal-to-noise ratios rather than to preserve interaural level differences. Second, although redundancy is mostly ignored when considering spatial hearing, it might explain reduced SRM in some cases. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Music Appreciation of Adult Hearing Aid Users and the Impact of Different Levels of Hearing Loss
Conclusions: The overall results indicated little difference in music appreciation between those with a mild versus moderate loss. However, poorer appreciation scores were given by those with a severe or worse HL. This would suggest that HAs or HL have a negative impact on music listening, particularly when the HL becomes more significant. There was a large degree of variability in ratings, though, with music listening being satisfactory for some listeners and largely unsatisfactory for others, in all three groups. Music listening preferences also varied significantly, and the reported benefit (or otherwise) provided by ...
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Effects of Early Auditory Deprivation on Working Memory and Reasoning Abilities in Verbal and Visuospatial Domains for Pediatric Cochlear Implant Recipients
Conclusions: Results from this study suggest that children with CIs have deficits in working memory related to storing and processing verbal information in working memory. These deficits extend to receptive vocabulary and verbal reasoning and remain even after controlling for the higher maternal education level of the NH group. Their ability to store and process visuospatial information in working memory and complete reasoning tasks that minimize verbal labeling of stimuli more closely approaches performance of NH age mates. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Bimodal Hearing or Bilateral Cochlear Implants? Ask the Patient
Conclusions: Clinics cannot rely on current clinical measures of speech understanding, with a single loudspeaker, to determine bilateral CI candidacy for adult bimodal listeners nor to accurately document bilateral benefit relative to a previous bimodal hearing configuration. Speech recognition in a complex listening environment, such as R-SPACETM, is a sensitive and appropriate measure for determining bilateral CI candidacy and also likely for documenting bilateral benefit relative to a previous bimodal configuration. In the absence of an available R-SPACETM system, asking the patient whether or not s/he thinks s/he nee...
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Is There a Safe Level for Recording Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential? Evidence From Cochlear and Hearing Function Tests
Conclusions: Use of 500 Hz tone burst at 125 dB pe SPL does not cause any temporary or permanent changes in cochlear function and hearing, yet produces 100% response rate of cervical VEMP in normal-hearing young adults. Therefore, 125 dB pe SPL of 500 Hz tone burst is recommended as safe level for obtaining cervical VEMP without significantly losing out on its response rate, at least in normal-hearing young adults. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Voice Emotion Recognition by Children With Mild-to-Moderate Hearing Loss
Conclusions: Children with mild-to-moderate hearing loss do not have significant deficits in overall voice emotion recognition compared with their normally hearing peers, but mechanisms involved may be different between the 2 groups. The results suggest a stronger role for linguistic ability in emotion recognition by children with normal hearing than by children with hearing loss. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Time From Hearing Aid Candidacy to Hearing Aid Adoption: A Longitudinal Cohort Study
Conclusions: The average delay in adopting hearing aids after hearing aid candidacy was 8.9 years. Nonwhite race and better speech recognition (in a more difficult task) significantly increased the delay to treatment. Poorer hearing and more self-assessed hearing handicap in social situations significantly decreased the delay to treatment. These results confirm the assumption that adults with hearing loss significantly delay seeking treatment with hearing aids. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Working Memory and Extended High-Frequency Hearing in Adults: Diagnostic Predictors of Speech-in-Noise Perception
Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify the main factors that differentiate listeners with clinically normal or “near-normal” hearing with regard to their speech-in-noise perception and to develop a regression model to predict speech-in-noise difficulties in this population. We also aimed to assess the potential effectiveness of the formula produced by the regression model as a “diagnostic criterion” for clinical use. Design: Data from a large-scale behavioral study investigating the relationship between noise exposure and auditory processing in 122 adults (30 to 57 years) was re-e...
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Objective Comparison of the Quality and Reliability of Auditory Brainstem Response Features Elicited by Click and Speech Sounds
Conclusions: Based on the objective analysis used within this investigation, it appears that the quality of speech-evoked ABR is generally less than that of click-evoked responses, although the quality of responses may be improved by increasing the number of epochs or the stimulation level. This may have implications for the clinical use of speech-evoked ABR. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Background Speech Disrupts Working Memory Span in 5-Year-Old Children
Conclusions: Background speech, but not speech-shaped noise, disrupted working memory span in 5-year-old children. These results support the idea that background speech engages domain-general cognitive processes used during the recall of known objects in a way that speech-shaped noise does not. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - April 27, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Auditory Streaming and Prediction in Tinnitus Sufferers
Conclusions: The findings from this study imply that cortical-level auditory stream segregation is altered among individuals with tinnitus. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - March 1, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Failure on the Foam Eyes Closed Test of Standing Balance Associated With Reduced Semicircular Canal Function in Healthy Older Adults
In this study, the authors investigate the relationship between peripheral sensory systems (vestibular and proprioception) and performance on the FOEC test in a cohort of healthy adults. Design: A total of 563 community-dwelling healthy adults (mean age, 72.7 [SD, 12.6] years; range, 27 to 93 years) participating in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging were tested. Proprioceptive threshold (PROP) was evaluated with passive motion detection at the right ankle. Vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) gain was measured using video head impulses. Otolith function was measured with cervical and ocular vestibular-evoked myogenic p...
Source: Ear and Hearing - March 1, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Refinement and Validation of the Social Participation Restrictions Questionnaire: An Application of Rasch Analysis and Traditional Psychometric Analysis Techniques
Conclusions: This was one of the first studies to devise a new hearing-specific outcome measure using Rasch analysis. Rasch analysis proved to be a powerful technique for supporting decisions regarding which items to retain in order to achieve a psychometrically robust questionnaire. Additional support for the robustness of this questionnaire came from the utilization of traditional psychometric analysis techniques. Therefore, this questionnaire has the potential to be used in research and clinical practice to evaluate whether auditory rehabilitation interventions improve social participation in adults with hearing loss....
Source: Ear and Hearing - March 1, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Perceptual Doping: An Audiovisual Facilitation Effect on Auditory Speech Processing, From Phonetic Feature Extraction to Sentence Identification in Noise
Conclusions: The findings of the present study support the perceptual doping hypothesis, as prior AV relative to A speech exposure resulted in a larger gain for the subsequent processing of speech stimuli. For complex speech stimuli that were presented in degraded listening conditions, a procedural learning effect (or a combination of procedural learning and perceptual learning effects) also facilitated the identification of speech stimuli, irrespective of whether the prior modality was A or AV. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - March 1, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Reducing Simulated Channel Interaction Reveals Differences in Phoneme Identification Between Children and Adults With Normal Hearing
Conclusions: Recognition of spectrally degraded phonemes improved when simulated channel interaction was reduced, particularly for children. cNH showed an interaction between number of processing channels and filter slope for vowel identification. The differences observed between cNH and aNH suggest that identification of spectrally degraded phonemes continues to improve through adolescence and that children may benefit from reduced channel interaction beyond where adult performance has plateaued. Comparison to CI users suggests that early implantation may facilitate development of better phoneme discrimination. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - March 1, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Diagnostic Accuracy of Ocular Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials for Superior Canal Dehiscence Syndrome in a Large Cohort of Dizzy Patients
Objectives: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (oVEMPs) for superior canal dehiscence syndrome (SCDS) in a large cohort of unselected dizzy patients. Most SCDS patients are dizzy (90%); however, only 30% demonstrate archetypical SCDS clinical proxies (Tullio or Hennebert findings). Several case-control studies have addressed specific SCDS markers using VEMP testing, but the diagnostic value of VEMP for SCDS has not been demonstrated in a target population of dizzy patients. The aim of this study was to confirm the diagnostic properties of oVEMP for SCDS in an unselected c...
Source: Ear and Hearing - March 1, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

In a Concurrent Memory and Auditory Perception Task, the Pupil Dilation Response Is More Sensitive to Memory Load Than to Auditory Stimulus Characteristics
Conclusions: Although sentence-related word cues facilitate sentence repetition, our results indicate that they do not reduce cognitive load during listening in noise with a concurrent memory load. As expected, higher working memory capacity was associated with better recall of the cues. Unexpectedly, however, semantic relatedness with the sentence reduced word cue recall accuracy and increased intrusion errors, suggesting an effect of semantic confusion. Further, speaking the sentence aloud also reduced word cue recall accuracy, probably due to articulatory suppression. Importantly, imposing a memory load during listeni...
Source: Ear and Hearing - March 1, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

The Emotional Communication in Hearing Questionnaire (EMO-CHeQ): Development and Evaluation
Conclusions: The results from both studies suggest that the EMO-CHeQ appears to be a reliable and ecologically valid measure to rapidly assess experiences of hearing and handicap when listening to signals that contain vocal emotion information. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - March 1, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Heritability of Age-Related Hearing Loss in Middle-Aged and Elderly Chinese: A Population-Based Twin Study
Conclusions: This population-based twin study suggests that genetic factors are associated with age-related hearing loss at middle and high frequencies among middle-aged and elderly Chinese. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - March 1, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Predictors of Reading Skills in Children With Listening Concerns
Conclusions: The findings from this study failed to show an association between many clinically used AP measures and children’s reading and spelling outcomes. Nevertheless, they reiterate the importance of evaluating FPT in children with word reading disorders. The findings justify further investigation into the role of this test when diagnosing children with reading or spelling disorders. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - March 1, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Telephone-Based Progressive Tinnitus Management for Persons With and Without Traumatic Brain Injury: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Conclusions: Results provide strong support for use of Tele-PTM methodology for persons with bothersome tinnitus, regardless of whether the person also has TBI symptoms. The effect size for Tele-PTM was high for the primary outcome measure, the Tinnitus Functional Index, and all other outcome measures showed significant improvement. Combined with our previous pilot study, the Tele-PTM method is validated for potential nationwide provision of tinnitus services. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - March 1, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Randomized Controlled Trial Source Type: research

Recommendations on Collecting and Storing Samples for Genetic Studies in Hearing and Tinnitus Research
Conclusions: These recommendations offer a basis to standardize and optimize collaborations between geneticists and healthcare practitioners specialized in tinnitus and hearing disorders. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - March 1, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Perspectives Source Type: research

To Ear and Hearing Reviewers: Thank You
No abstract available (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - March 1, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Clinical Assessment of Functional Hearing Deficits: Speech-in-Noise Performance
Conclusions: A test that measures speech recognition in the presence of a spatially separated competing talker would be useful in measuring suprathreshold speech-in-noise deficits that cannot be readily predicted from standard audiometric evaluation. Including such a test can likely reduce the gap between patient complaints and their clinical evaluation. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - February 28, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Do Personality Factors Assessed Before Cochlear Implantation Predict Hearing-Related Quality Of Life After Cochlear Implantation in Postlingually Deafened Adults?
Conclusions: While significant improvement of hrQoL was seen 12 months after implant activation, this improvement was barely predicted by the Big-Five personality traits measured before implantation. Only Neuroticism was found to moderately influence postimplantation hrQoL in our patients, in the way that higher degrees of Neuroticism tend to go along with lower degrees of self-esteem (as conceptualized by the NCIQ). The failure to detect personality effects on hrQoL could partly be due to the low levels of Extraversion and Openness to Experience observed in our sample of patients with hearing loss. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - February 28, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Cochlear Mechanisms and Otoacoustic Emission Test Performance
Conclusion: While improvements in test accuracy were observed for some subjects and some conditions (e.g., mild hearing losses and low stimulus levels in the reduced subset of subjects), these results suggest that restricting cochlear source contribution by “smoothing” DPOAE fine structure is not expected to improve DPOAE test accuracy in a general population of subjects. Likewise, recording reflection-source OAEs using the AM-SFOAE technique would not be expected to more accurately identify hearing status compared to mixed- or single-source DPOAEs. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - February 28, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Effects of Various Trajectories on Tissue Preservation in Cochlear Implant Surgery: A Micro-Computed Tomography and Synchrotron Radiation Phase-Contrast Imaging Study
Conclusions: Results suggest that cochleostomy approaches often traumatize the soft tissues at the hook region at CI surgery. For optimal structural preservation, the RW approach is, therefore, recommended. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - February 28, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Behavioral Measures of Listening Effort in School-Age Children: Examining the Effects of Signal-to-Noise Ratio, Hearing Loss, and Amplification
Conclusions: This study compared dual-task visual RT and verbal RT measures of listening effort in the child population. Overall, verbal RTs appear more sensitive than dual-task visual RTs to the negative effects of SNR and hearing loss. The current findings extend the literature on listening effort in the pediatric population by demonstrating that, even for speech that is accurately recognized, school-age CHL show a greater processing speed decrement than their normal-hearing counterparts, a decrement that could have a negative impact on learning and academic achievement in the classroom. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - February 28, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Hearing in Real-Life Environments (HERE): Structure and Reliability of a Questionnaire on Perceived Hearing for Older Adults
Objectives: The ability to hear in a variety of social situations and environments is vital for social participation and a high quality of life. One way to assess hearing ability is by means of self-report questionnaire. For questionnaires to be useful, their measurement properties, based on careful validation, have to be known. Only recently has consensus been reached concerning how to perform such validation and been published as COSMIN (consensus-based standards for the selection of health status measurement instruments) guidelines. Here the authors use these guidelines to evaluate the measurement properties of the &l...
Source: Ear and Hearing - February 28, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Sensitivity to Melody, Rhythm, and Beat in Supporting Speech-in-Noise Perception in Young Adults
Conclusions: Sensitivity to beat predicted SRTs in unmodulated and modulated noise. We propose that this sensitivity maximizes benefit from fluctuations in signal-to-noise ratio through temporal orienting of attention to perceptually salient parts of the signal. Beat perception may be a good candidate for targeted training aimed at enhancing speech perception when listening in noise. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - February 28, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

To Ear and Hearing Reviewers: Thank You
No abstract available (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - February 28, 2019 Category: Audiology Tags: Editorial Source Type: research