A systematic review of non-drug interventions to prevent and treat anxiety in people with aphasia after stroke
CONCLUSION: Definitive conclusions about the effectiveness of non-drug interventions for the prevention and/or treatment of anxiety in people with aphasia post-stroke cannot be made. Interventions that may show promise for those with aphasia and symptoms of anxiety include mindfulness meditation, modified cognitive behaviour therapy, unilateral nostril breathing, and the "Enhance Psychological Coping after Stroke" programme. Further high-quality research with better reporting of the inclusion of participants with aphasia and their specific sub-group results are required.Implications for RehabilitationIt is import...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 12, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Brooke J Ryan Stephanie M Clunne Caroline J Baker Ciara Shiggins Miranda L Rose Ian I Kneebone Source Type: research

10-Weeks of resistance training improves sleep quality and cardiac autonomic control in persons with multiple sclerosis
Disabil Rehabil. 2021 Jun 9:1-9. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2021.1934738. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPURPOSE: To examine the acute and chronic effects of 10-weeks of progressive resistance training on sleep quality and sleeping heart rate variability in persons with Multiple Sclerosis (pwMS).METHODS: Eighteen pwMS (age = 44.8 ± 10.6 years; EDSS = 3.1 ± 1.7) completed a 10-week of resistance training, with three training sessions per week. Each session consisted of 4 lower body exercises, performing 2-4 sets of each exercise, with 8-15 repetitions each set, at an intensity ranging from 60 to 75% of 1-repetition ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 10, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Luis Andreu-Caravaca Domingo J Ramos-Campo Oriol Abell án-Aynés Vicente Ávila-Gandía Linda H Chung Pedro Manonelles Jacobo Á Rubio-Arias Source Type: research

"The more I do, the more I can do": perspectives on how performing daily activities and occupations influences recovery after surgical repair of a distal radius fracture
CONCLUSIONS: Incorporating the performance of graded, modified activities during the early weeks of rehabilitation creates opportunities for wrist movement, enhances wellbeing, and assists in the habituation of wrist movement. Activities and occupations can be used as a therapeutic strategy to promote recovery from surgical treatment of a distal radius fracture.Implications for rehabilitationRehabilitation after surgical repair of distal radius fractures has traditionally focused on exercise routines.Daily activities and occupations can also be used to promote wrist movement and function during the early weeks of rehabilit...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 10, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Julie M Collis Elizabeth C Mayland Valerie Wright-St Clair Nada Signal Source Type: research

10-Weeks of resistance training improves sleep quality and cardiac autonomic control in persons with multiple sclerosis
Disabil Rehabil. 2021 Jun 9:1-9. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2021.1934738. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPURPOSE: To examine the acute and chronic effects of 10-weeks of progressive resistance training on sleep quality and sleeping heart rate variability in persons with Multiple Sclerosis (pwMS).METHODS: Eighteen pwMS (age = 44.8 ± 10.6 years; EDSS = 3.1 ± 1.7) completed a 10-week of resistance training, with three training sessions per week. Each session consisted of 4 lower body exercises, performing 2-4 sets of each exercise, with 8-15 repetitions each set, at an intensity ranging from 60 to 75% of 1-repetition ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 10, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Luis Andreu-Caravaca Domingo J Ramos-Campo Oriol Abell án-Aynés Vicente Ávila-Gandía Linda H Chung Pedro Manonelles Jacobo Á Rubio-Arias Source Type: research

"The more I do, the more I can do": perspectives on how performing daily activities and occupations influences recovery after surgical repair of a distal radius fracture
CONCLUSIONS: Incorporating the performance of graded, modified activities during the early weeks of rehabilitation creates opportunities for wrist movement, enhances wellbeing, and assists in the habituation of wrist movement. Activities and occupations can be used as a therapeutic strategy to promote recovery from surgical treatment of a distal radius fracture.Implications for rehabilitationRehabilitation after surgical repair of distal radius fractures has traditionally focused on exercise routines.Daily activities and occupations can also be used to promote wrist movement and function during the early weeks of rehabilit...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 10, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Julie M Collis Elizabeth C Mayland Valerie Wright-St Clair Nada Signal Source Type: research

Assessment of health status in adolescents with spina bifida in the West Bank, Palestine: sense of coherence and self-perceived health
Disabil Rehabil. 2021 Jun 9:1-8. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2021.1936660. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPURPOSE: To assess self-perceived health and sense of coherence (SOC) in adolescents with spina bifida (SB) in the West Bank, Palestine, compared to a healthy reference group. Further, to assess the association between impairment levels in the adolescents with SB and their self-perceived health and SOC.METHODS: Fifty adolescents with SB and 150 healthy adolescents completed measures of self-perceived health - the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQLTM 4.0) - and SOC. The rehabilitation center nurses identified the phys...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 9, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Maha Sudki Hmeidan Nahal Helena Wigert Asma Imam Åsa B Axelsson Source Type: research

A comparison of Kinesio taping and external electrical stimulation in addition to pelvic floor muscle exercise and sole pelvic floor muscle exercise in women with overactive bladder: a randomized controlled study
Disabil Rehabil. 2021 Jun 7:1-9. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2021.1925751. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPURPOSE: To compare the effects of Kinesio taping® (KT) and external electrical stimulation (ES) in addition to pelvic floor muscle exercise (PFME) and sole PFME in women with overactive bladder (OAB).MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with OAB were randomly allocated into PFME, PFME + KT, PFME + ES groups. All treatments were carried out for 6 weeks. OAB symptoms with voiding diary and Overactive Bladder-Version8 (OAB-V8), pelvic floor muscle strength (PFMS) with perineometer, quality of life with King's Health Questionnaire...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 8, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Seyda Toprak Celenay Yasemin Karaaslan Ozge Coban Kemal Oskay Source Type: research

Improvement of physical activity levels in children and adolescents after surgery for congenital heart disease: preferences and use of physical therapy
CONCLUSION: The majority of eligible patients do not meet public health recommendations for engaging in physical activity and do not use physical therapy after surgery for congenital heart disease. The majority of patients and parents preferred more information as well as individual physical therapy treatments.Implications for rehabilitationsTwo years after surgery for congenital heart disease children and adolescents are less active compared to typically developing peers.Patients with a congenital heart disease and their parents need more information and support regarding stimulation of physical activity and physical fitn...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 8, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: J C van Egmond-van Dam T P M Vliet Vlieland I M Kuipers N A Blom A D J Ten Harkel Source Type: research

Feasibility and effects of a chair-based yoga program for adults with neurodisability
Conclusions: This study provides implications for a 10-week chair-based yoga program as a feasible, well-tolerated, and safe intervention, reinforced by the participants' retrospective judgment. Compared to the CG, the program produced statistically significant improvements over BA, such as subscales of MAIA Noticing (p = .031, Hedges gs = 0.76), Emotional Awareness (p
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 8, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: David Su árez-Iglesias Mabel Garc ía-Porro Aisling Clardy Carlos Ay án Pérez Source Type: research

Developing a self-management intervention to manage hypermobility spectrum disorders (HSD) and hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (hEDS): an analysis informed by behaviour change theory
CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to apply theoretically-informed approaches to the management of HSD/hEDS. Participants indicated poor access to psychological support, occupational therapy and a lack of knowledge about HSD/hEDS. Future research should evaluate which intervention options would be most acceptable and feasible.Implications for rehabilitationPatients with Hypermobility Spectrum Disorders or Hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome can be active partners in the co-design of behaviour change interventions.Behaviour change interventions should target psychological support and patient education, particularly patient...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 8, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Sarah E Bennett Nicola Walsh Tim Moss Shea Palmer Source Type: research

Exercise interventions, physical function, and mobility after hip fracture: a systematic review and meta-analysis
CONCLUSIONS: Available evidence supports that exercise interventions improve physical function and mobility in older adults after hip fracture; specifically, resistance exercise with progressive load of 60-80% 1RM, and functional exercise may be critical intervention components respectively. Future high-quality research is needed to establish best practices.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONProgressive resistance exercise with 60-80% 1RM resulted in the largest improvement in physical function after hip fracture.Functional exercise appears to be a critical component for improving mobility after hip fracture. Functional exerci...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 8, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Xiaorui Zhang William J Butts Tongjian You Source Type: research

A comparison of Kinesio taping and external electrical stimulation in addition to pelvic floor muscle exercise and sole pelvic floor muscle exercise in women with overactive bladder: a randomized controlled study
Disabil Rehabil. 2021 Jun 7:1-9. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2021.1925751. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPURPOSE: To compare the effects of Kinesio taping® (KT) and external electrical stimulation (ES) in addition to pelvic floor muscle exercise (PFME) and sole PFME in women with overactive bladder (OAB).MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with OAB were randomly allocated into PFME, PFME + KT, PFME + ES groups. All treatments were carried out for 6 weeks. OAB symptoms with voiding diary and Overactive Bladder-Version8 (OAB-V8), pelvic floor muscle strength (PFMS) with perineometer, quality of life with King's Health Questionnaire...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 8, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Seyda Toprak Celenay Yasemin Karaaslan Ozge Coban Kemal Oskay Source Type: research

Improvement of physical activity levels in children and adolescents after surgery for congenital heart disease: preferences and use of physical therapy
CONCLUSION: The majority of eligible patients do not meet public health recommendations for engaging in physical activity and do not use physical therapy after surgery for congenital heart disease. The majority of patients and parents preferred more information as well as individual physical therapy treatments.Implications for rehabilitationsTwo years after surgery for congenital heart disease children and adolescents are less active compared to typically developing peers.Patients with a congenital heart disease and their parents need more information and support regarding stimulation of physical activity and physical fitn...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 8, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: J C van Egmond-van Dam T P M Vliet Vlieland I M Kuipers N A Blom A D J Ten Harkel Source Type: research

Feasibility and effects of a chair-based yoga program for adults with neurodisability
Conclusions: This study provides implications for a 10-week chair-based yoga program as a feasible, well-tolerated, and safe intervention, reinforced by the participants' retrospective judgment. Compared to the CG, the program produced statistically significant improvements over BA, such as subscales of MAIA Noticing (p = .031, Hedges gs = 0.76), Emotional Awareness (p
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 8, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: David Su árez-Iglesias Mabel Garc ía-Porro Aisling Clardy Carlos Ay án Pérez Source Type: research

Developing a self-management intervention to manage hypermobility spectrum disorders (HSD) and hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (hEDS): an analysis informed by behaviour change theory
CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to apply theoretically-informed approaches to the management of HSD/hEDS. Participants indicated poor access to psychological support, occupational therapy and a lack of knowledge about HSD/hEDS. Future research should evaluate which intervention options would be most acceptable and feasible.Implications for rehabilitationPatients with Hypermobility Spectrum Disorders or Hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome can be active partners in the co-design of behaviour change interventions.Behaviour change interventions should target psychological support and patient education, particularly patient...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 8, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Sarah E Bennett Nicola Walsh Tim Moss Shea Palmer Source Type: research

Exercise interventions, physical function, and mobility after hip fracture: a systematic review and meta-analysis
CONCLUSIONS: Available evidence supports that exercise interventions improve physical function and mobility in older adults after hip fracture; specifically, resistance exercise with progressive load of 60-80% 1RM, and functional exercise may be critical intervention components respectively. Future high-quality research is needed to establish best practices.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONProgressive resistance exercise with 60-80% 1RM resulted in the largest improvement in physical function after hip fracture.Functional exercise appears to be a critical component for improving mobility after hip fracture. Functional exerci...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 8, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Xiaorui Zhang William J Butts Tongjian You Source Type: research

A comparison of Kinesio taping and external electrical stimulation in addition to pelvic floor muscle exercise and sole pelvic floor muscle exercise in women with overactive bladder: a randomized controlled study
Disabil Rehabil. 2021 Jun 7:1-9. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2021.1925751. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPURPOSE: To compare the effects of Kinesio taping® (KT) and external electrical stimulation (ES) in addition to pelvic floor muscle exercise (PFME) and sole PFME in women with overactive bladder (OAB).MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with OAB were randomly allocated into PFME, PFME + KT, PFME + ES groups. All treatments were carried out for 6 weeks. OAB symptoms with voiding diary and Overactive Bladder-Version8 (OAB-V8), pelvic floor muscle strength (PFMS) with perineometer, quality of life with King's Health Questionnaire...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 8, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Seyda Toprak Celenay Yasemin Karaaslan Ozge Coban Kemal Oskay Source Type: research

Do physical activity interventions influence subsequent attendance and involvement in physical activities for children with cerebral palsy: a systematic review
CONCLUSIONS: Physical activity attendance may be influenced by physical activity interventions in the short term, but more robust research designs are required to investigate whether gains can be sustained. Activity involvement, which may influence ongoing participation, is under-researched.Implications for RehabilitationPositive changes in attendance and involvement following physical activity interventions appear short term at best.Physical activity interventions should have longer follow-up periods to determine the effect on sustained physical activity participation.Careful selection and reporting of attendance and invo...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 7, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Gaela Kilgour Brooke Adair Ngaire Susan Stott Michael Steele Amy Hogan Christine Imms Source Type: research

Exploring the perspectives of prosthetic and orthotic users: past and present experiences and insights for the future
CONCLUSION: Prosthetic and orthotic users identified that there had been vast changes in disability perception, disability rights, and their role in the health care system, along with the variety of technology and materials available. Key findings were that prosthetic and orthotic users want to be listened to, considered central to the health care team, and had a deep understanding of their own health care needs.Implications for rehabilitationProsthesis and orthosis users want to be listened to and considered central within the health care team.Attending medical and allied health teams must recognise that prosthesis and or...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 5, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Sarah P Anderson Cleveland T Barnett David Francis Rusaw Source Type: research

Perceptions of healthcare workers on road traffic injuries in Namibia: an untapped source of expertise
CONCLUSIONS: It is suggested these findings will contribute to discussions about how HCWs can contribute to addressing and improving the care provided to people injured in RTIs in Namibia and other low and middle income countries with similar contexts.Implications for rehabilitationRoad traffic injuries (RTIs) are a major global public health challenge with over 1.2 million deaths and a high burden of disability.Namibia is one of the worst affected countries globally.Despite being involved in a national programme specifically targeting victims of RTIs, healthcare workers (HCWs) in Namibia are rarely included in road safety...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 5, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Mitchel Chatukuta Nora Groce Jennifer S Mindell Maria Kett Source Type: research

Exploring the perspectives of prosthetic and orthotic users: past and present experiences and insights for the future
CONCLUSION: Prosthetic and orthotic users identified that there had been vast changes in disability perception, disability rights, and their role in the health care system, along with the variety of technology and materials available. Key findings were that prosthetic and orthotic users want to be listened to, considered central to the health care team, and had a deep understanding of their own health care needs.Implications for rehabilitationProsthesis and orthosis users want to be listened to and considered central within the health care team.Attending medical and allied health teams must recognise that prosthesis and or...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 5, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Sarah P Anderson Cleveland T Barnett David Francis Rusaw Source Type: research

Perceptions of healthcare workers on road traffic injuries in Namibia: an untapped source of expertise
CONCLUSIONS: It is suggested these findings will contribute to discussions about how HCWs can contribute to addressing and improving the care provided to people injured in RTIs in Namibia and other low and middle income countries with similar contexts.Implications for rehabilitationRoad traffic injuries (RTIs) are a major global public health challenge with over 1.2 million deaths and a high burden of disability.Namibia is one of the worst affected countries globally.Despite being involved in a national programme specifically targeting victims of RTIs, healthcare workers (HCWs) in Namibia are rarely included in road safety...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 5, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Mitchel Chatukuta Nora Groce Jennifer S Mindell Maria Kett Source Type: research

Exploring the perspectives of prosthetic and orthotic users: past and present experiences and insights for the future
CONCLUSION: Prosthetic and orthotic users identified that there had been vast changes in disability perception, disability rights, and their role in the health care system, along with the variety of technology and materials available. Key findings were that prosthetic and orthotic users want to be listened to, considered central to the health care team, and had a deep understanding of their own health care needs.Implications for rehabilitationProsthesis and orthosis users want to be listened to and considered central within the health care team.Attending medical and allied health teams must recognise that prosthesis and or...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 5, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Sarah P Anderson Cleveland T Barnett David Francis Rusaw Source Type: research

Perceptions of healthcare workers on road traffic injuries in Namibia: an untapped source of expertise
CONCLUSIONS: It is suggested these findings will contribute to discussions about how HCWs can contribute to addressing and improving the care provided to people injured in RTIs in Namibia and other low and middle income countries with similar contexts.Implications for rehabilitationRoad traffic injuries (RTIs) are a major global public health challenge with over 1.2 million deaths and a high burden of disability.Namibia is one of the worst affected countries globally.Despite being involved in a national programme specifically targeting victims of RTIs, healthcare workers (HCWs) in Namibia are rarely included in road safety...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 5, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Mitchel Chatukuta Nora Groce Jennifer S Mindell Maria Kett Source Type: research

Experiences and perceived outcomes of persons with multiple sclerosis from participating in a randomized controlled trial testing implementation of the Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines for Adults with MS: an embedded qualitative study
CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides support for the promotion of PA in persons with MS and the development of community-based programs adapted for people with MS.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONEngaging in regular physical activity is associated with many positive benefits and outcomes for people with MS.Supportive elements such as a community of peers who also have MS, adaptive equipment, and trainers who are knowledgeable about MS are especially important for creating positive experiences including enjoyment from and desire to engage in regular physical activity.This study provides support for further advocacy (e.g., by perso...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 4, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Nadine Akbar Sarah Hazlewood Marlee Clement Gemma Pollock Karissa Canning Amy E Latimer-Cheung Audrey Hicks Marcia Finlayson Source Type: research

Growing physical rehabilitation needs in resource-poor world regions: secondary, cross-regional analysis with data from the global burden of disease 2017
Disabil Rehabil. 2021 Jun 4:1-11. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2021.1933619. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPURPOSE: This paper aims to analyze the levels and trajectories of physical rehabilitation needs across five resource-poor world regions, against global and key country-specific benchmarks.MATERIALS AND METHODS: This comparative, secondary cross-region analysis uses data from the Global Burden of Diseases study 2017 [1990-2017], specifically varied metrics of the Years Lived with Disability (YLD) measure from the health conditions likely benefiting from physical rehabilitation.RESULTS: All the resource-poor world regions had...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 4, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tiago S Jesus Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla Suresh Kumar Kamalakannan Michel D Landry Source Type: research

"Loneliness can also kill:" a qualitative exploration of outcomes and experiences of the SUPERB peer-befriending scheme for people with aphasia and their significant others
CONCLUSION: Peer-befriending was an acceptable intervention. Benefits for emotional wellbeing and companionship were reported. The shared experience in the befriending relationship was highly valued.Implications for RehabilitationThe lived experience of stroke and aphasia of befrienders was highly valued by people with aphasia receiving peer-befriending.Training, regular supervision, and support for befrienders with practicalities such as organising visits ensured the befriending scheme was perceived as straightforward and acceptable by befriendees.Those receiving peer-befriending would recommend it to others; they found i...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 4, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: B Moss N Behn S Northcott K Monnelly J Marshall A Simpson S Thomas S McVicker K Goldsmith C Flood K Hilari Source Type: research

Developing a collaborative and sustainable return to work program for employees with common mental disorders: a participatory research with public and private organizations
CONCLUSION: A participatory study involving RTW stakeholders helped identify 10 common key steps within three phases to support RTW sustainability of people with CMDs. Future research will need to address how RTW coordinators intervene in the RTW process of employees with CMDs within these steps.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONRehabilitation professionals will benefit from a detailed description of the RTW process (10 steps spread out over 3 RTW phases), allowing them to standardize it while adopting a personalized approach for the employee on sick leave.Rehabilitation professionals are informed of stakeholders' role and ac...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 4, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Marc Corbi ère Maud Mazaniello-Ch ézol Tania Lecomte St éphane Guay Alexandra Panaccio Source Type: research

Activity-based therapy in the community for individuals living with spinal cord injury or disease: qualitative interviews with clinicians
CONCLUSIONS: The use of ABT and its associated technologies varied across participating community-based facilities in Canada, despite a consistent focus on client goals and well-being. Addressing system-level limitations of ABT may improve implementation and accessibility in Canada.Implications for rehabilitationActivity-based therapy (ABT) is a group of interventions targeting recovery of sensory and motor function below the level of injury in individuals with spinal cord injury or disease (SCI/D).ABT in the community emphasizes a client-centered approach and is characterized by variety in techniques, clinicians, and clie...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 3, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Lovisa Cheung Kristin E Musselman Anita Kaiser Hope Jervis Rademeyer Kristen Walden Sandi Marshall Cindy Gauthier Source Type: research

Cross-cultural adaptation, reliability, and validity of the work role functioning questionnaire 2.0 to Persian
CONCLUSIONS: The WRFQ translation and cross-cultural adaptation to Persian (WRFQ-Pr) was performed successfully. The determined properties of reliability and validity were comparable to those of the original English version.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONThe WRFW can simultaneously evaluate the health status of the worker, the existence of impairments, the involved factors in creating ability/disability at work, and the outcome of the interventions.There is no instrument available for the Persian-speaking population to evaluate related disability at work and the condition of return to work after a rehabilitation interventi...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 3, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Hamid Reza Mokhtarinia Akram Shahbazi Femke I Abma Charles Philip Gabel Source Type: research

Activity-based therapy in the community for individuals living with spinal cord injury or disease: qualitative interviews with clinicians
CONCLUSIONS: The use of ABT and its associated technologies varied across participating community-based facilities in Canada, despite a consistent focus on client goals and well-being. Addressing system-level limitations of ABT may improve implementation and accessibility in Canada.Implications for rehabilitationActivity-based therapy (ABT) is a group of interventions targeting recovery of sensory and motor function below the level of injury in individuals with spinal cord injury or disease (SCI/D).ABT in the community emphasizes a client-centered approach and is characterized by variety in techniques, clinicians, and clie...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 3, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Lovisa Cheung Kristin E Musselman Anita Kaiser Hope Jervis Rademeyer Kristen Walden Sandi Marshall Cindy Gauthier Source Type: research

Cross-cultural adaptation, reliability, and validity of the work role functioning questionnaire 2.0 to Persian
CONCLUSIONS: The WRFQ translation and cross-cultural adaptation to Persian (WRFQ-Pr) was performed successfully. The determined properties of reliability and validity were comparable to those of the original English version.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONThe WRFW can simultaneously evaluate the health status of the worker, the existence of impairments, the involved factors in creating ability/disability at work, and the outcome of the interventions.There is no instrument available for the Persian-speaking population to evaluate related disability at work and the condition of return to work after a rehabilitation interventi...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 3, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Hamid Reza Mokhtarinia Akram Shahbazi Femke I Abma Charles Philip Gabel Source Type: research

Validation of a translated Chinese version of the Participation Strategies Self-Efficacy Scale: a cross-sectional study
Disabil Rehabil. 2021 Jun 1:1-7. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2021.1933220. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPURPOSE: To examine the psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the Participation Strategies Self-Efficacy Scale (PS-SES) among stroke survivors.METHODS: The PS-SES was translated into Chinese. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted with 336 stroke survivors recruited from the neurology departments of five hospitals in China. Reliability, concurrent validity, and construct validity of the scale were determined.RESULTS: The Chinese version of the PS-SES (PS-SES-C) showed good internal consistency and test-re...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 1, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Janita Pak Chun Chau Suzanne Hoi Shan Lo Jie Zhao Kai Chow Choi Simon Kwun Yu Lam Ravneet Saran Jinping Shi David R Thompson Alexander Yuk Lun Lau Source Type: research

"I've learned to look at things in a different way": exploring patients' perspectives on participation in physiotherapist delivered integrated stress inoculation training and exercise for acute whiplash
CONCLUSIONS: The majority of patients found the SIT techniques to be helpful in managing stress and pain, coping with their injury, and returning to function. The patients also found the exercises useful and acknowledged the importance of both the physical and the psychological aspects of whiplash injury.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONPatients with acute WAD at risk of poor recovery welcomed the inclusion of psychological strategies as part of physiotherapy treatment.The patients nominated both the psychological (SIT) component and exercise as assisting them with their stress, pain, and recovery.Physiotherapists could cons...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 1, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Alma Viviana Silva Guerrero Jenny Setchell Annick Maujean Michele Sterling Source Type: research

Cognitions and physical impairments in relation to upper limb function in women with pain and myofascial dysfunctions in the late stage after breast cancer surgery: an exploratory cross-sectional study
This study explores associations between impairment-related and cognition-related factors and UL function in women with pain and myofascial dysfunctions at the affected UL region in this late stage after breast cancer surgery.METHODS: In forty-one women, UL function (dependent variable) was evaluated by the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire. As independent impairment-related factors, relative excessive arm volume (perimetry), pain intensity (maximum score on the visual analogue scale past week) and humerothoracic elevation and scapular lateral rotation (kinematic analysis) were assessed. As independent c...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 1, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Liesbet De Baets Nele Devoogdt Vincent Haenen Margaux Evenepoel Lore Dams Ann Smeets Patrick Neven Inge Geraerts Tessa De Vrieze An De Groef Source Type: research

Validation of a translated Chinese version of the Participation Strategies Self-Efficacy Scale: a cross-sectional study
Disabil Rehabil. 2021 Jun 1:1-7. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2021.1933220. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPURPOSE: To examine the psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the Participation Strategies Self-Efficacy Scale (PS-SES) among stroke survivors.METHODS: The PS-SES was translated into Chinese. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted with 336 stroke survivors recruited from the neurology departments of five hospitals in China. Reliability, concurrent validity, and construct validity of the scale were determined.RESULTS: The Chinese version of the PS-SES (PS-SES-C) showed good internal consistency and test-re...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 1, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Janita Pak Chun Chau Suzanne Hoi Shan Lo Jie Zhao Kai Chow Choi Simon Kwun Yu Lam Ravneet Saran Jinping Shi David R Thompson Alexander Yuk Lun Lau Source Type: research

"I've learned to look at things in a different way": exploring patients' perspectives on participation in physiotherapist delivered integrated stress inoculation training and exercise for acute whiplash
CONCLUSIONS: The majority of patients found the SIT techniques to be helpful in managing stress and pain, coping with their injury, and returning to function. The patients also found the exercises useful and acknowledged the importance of both the physical and the psychological aspects of whiplash injury.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONPatients with acute WAD at risk of poor recovery welcomed the inclusion of psychological strategies as part of physiotherapy treatment.The patients nominated both the psychological (SIT) component and exercise as assisting them with their stress, pain, and recovery.Physiotherapists could cons...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 1, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Alma Viviana Silva Guerrero Jenny Setchell Annick Maujean Michele Sterling Source Type: research

Cognitions and physical impairments in relation to upper limb function in women with pain and myofascial dysfunctions in the late stage after breast cancer surgery: an exploratory cross-sectional study
This study explores associations between impairment-related and cognition-related factors and UL function in women with pain and myofascial dysfunctions at the affected UL region in this late stage after breast cancer surgery.METHODS: In forty-one women, UL function (dependent variable) was evaluated by the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire. As independent impairment-related factors, relative excessive arm volume (perimetry), pain intensity (maximum score on the visual analogue scale past week) and humerothoracic elevation and scapular lateral rotation (kinematic analysis) were assessed. As independent c...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 1, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Liesbet De Baets Nele Devoogdt Vincent Haenen Margaux Evenepoel Lore Dams Ann Smeets Patrick Neven Inge Geraerts Tessa De Vrieze An De Groef Source Type: research

Adaptation to post-stroke homonymous hemianopia - a prospective longitudinal cohort study to identify predictive factors of the adaptation process
CONCLUSIONS: Adaptation to hemianopia is a personal journey with several factors being important for prediction of its presence, including MAC outcomes and extent of inferior visual field loss. A clinical recommendation is made for inclusion of the MAC as part of a functional assessment for hemianopia.Implications for rehabilitationThe mobility assessment course (MAC) should be considered as an assessment of mobility/scanning in the rehabilitation of patients with homonymous hemianopia.A cut-off score of ≤25% omissions on MAC could be employed to determine those likely to adapt to hemianopia long-term.Targeted support a...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 31, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Claire Howard Gabriela Czanner Brinton Helliwell Fiona J Rowe Source Type: research

A systematic review of self-determination interventions for children and youth with disabilities
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings highlight that there are several types of interventions that have the potential to improve self-determination for youth with disabilities. Further research is needed to understand what program components could help youth to obtain optimal outcomes.Implications for RehabilitationSeveral types of interventions (school-based, community, online) have potential to influence self-determination for youth with disabilities.Clinicians and educators should consider having multiple components including workshops, one-to-one and group-based learning, mentoring and coaching for optimal program outcomes.Interve...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 31, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Sally Lindsay Azar Varahra Source Type: research

Environmental factors associated with participation and its related concepts among children and youth with cerebral palsy: a rapid review
CONCLUSIONS: While environmental factors are found to be associated with participation attendance and activity competence in children with CP, there is a lack of research of environmental factors in relation to both participation involvement and other participation-related constructs. To increase impact in clinical practice, future research should involve structured assessments of the environment and focus more on modifiable factors, to help service providers develop treatment paradigms needed for meaningful participation outcomes.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONFamily ecology, type of school, and parental stress were the m...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 31, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Jet van der Kemp Marjolijn Ketelaar Jan Willem Gorter Source Type: research

Adaptation to post-stroke homonymous hemianopia - a prospective longitudinal cohort study to identify predictive factors of the adaptation process
CONCLUSIONS: Adaptation to hemianopia is a personal journey with several factors being important for prediction of its presence, including MAC outcomes and extent of inferior visual field loss. A clinical recommendation is made for inclusion of the MAC as part of a functional assessment for hemianopia.Implications for rehabilitationThe mobility assessment course (MAC) should be considered as an assessment of mobility/scanning in the rehabilitation of patients with homonymous hemianopia.A cut-off score of ≤25% omissions on MAC could be employed to determine those likely to adapt to hemianopia long-term.Targeted support a...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 31, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Claire Howard Gabriela Czanner Brinton Helliwell Fiona J Rowe Source Type: research

A systematic review of self-determination interventions for children and youth with disabilities
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings highlight that there are several types of interventions that have the potential to improve self-determination for youth with disabilities. Further research is needed to understand what program components could help youth to obtain optimal outcomes.Implications for RehabilitationSeveral types of interventions (school-based, community, online) have potential to influence self-determination for youth with disabilities.Clinicians and educators should consider having multiple components including workshops, one-to-one and group-based learning, mentoring and coaching for optimal program outcomes.Interve...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 31, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Sally Lindsay Azar Varahra Source Type: research

Environmental factors associated with participation and its related concepts among children and youth with cerebral palsy: a rapid review
CONCLUSIONS: While environmental factors are found to be associated with participation attendance and activity competence in children with CP, there is a lack of research of environmental factors in relation to both participation involvement and other participation-related constructs. To increase impact in clinical practice, future research should involve structured assessments of the environment and focus more on modifiable factors, to help service providers develop treatment paradigms needed for meaningful participation outcomes.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONFamily ecology, type of school, and parental stress were the m...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 31, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Jet van der Kemp Marjolijn Ketelaar Jan Willem Gorter Source Type: research

Mobile apps for dementia awareness, support, and prevention - review and evaluation
CONCLUSIONS: A composite lack of standardised quality indicators and commercial drivers of the marketplace present significant barriers for consumers seeking meaningful dementia information and support. Persons living with dementia and their caregivers would significantly benefit from social and organisational services that assist with navigating the app marketplace.Implications for rehabilitationThere is significant opportunity for quality digital innovations, including apps, to support home-based, independent dementia care.A composite lack of standardised quality indicators and commercial drivers of the app marketplace p...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 26, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Georgina R Chelberg Maike Neuhaus Adam Mothershaw Ray Mahoney Liam J Caffery Source Type: research

Extracorporeal shock wave therapy on pain and foot functions in subjects with chronic plantar fasciitis: systematic review of randomized controlled trials
CONCLUSION: Extracorporeal shock wave therapy could be a promising rehabilitation intervention and might support to improve pain, and foot function of subjects with chronic plantar fasciitis.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONExtracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) exerted beneficial effects on pain and functional outcomes for chronic plantar fasciitis.ESWT could be effectively performed with no side effects.ESWT could be an alternative to the conventional management of chronic plantar fasciitis.PMID:34038642 | DOI:10.1080/09638288.2021.1928775 (Source: Disability and Rehabilitation)
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 26, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Haimanot Melese Abayneh Alamer Kefale Getie Fetene Nigussie Sileshi Ayhualem Source Type: research

Post-stroke lateropulsion and rehabilitation outcomes: a retrospective analysis
This study aimed to determine the association of lateropulsion severity with: • Change in function (Functional Independence Measure - FIM) and lateropulsion severity (Four-Point Pusher Score - 4PPS) during inpatient rehabilitation; • Inpatient rehabilitation length of stay (LOS); • Discharge destination from inpatient rehabilitation.METHODS: Retrospective data for 1,087 participants (aged ≥65 years) admitted to a stroke rehabilitation unit (2005-2018) were analysed using multivariable regression models.RESULTS: Complete resolution of lateropulsion was seen in 69.4% of those with mild lateropulsion on admi...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 26, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Jessica Nolan Erin Godecke Katrina Spilsbury Barbara Singer Source Type: research

Mobile apps for dementia awareness, support, and prevention - review and evaluation
CONCLUSIONS: A composite lack of standardised quality indicators and commercial drivers of the marketplace present significant barriers for consumers seeking meaningful dementia information and support. Persons living with dementia and their caregivers would significantly benefit from social and organisational services that assist with navigating the app marketplace.Implications for rehabilitationThere is significant opportunity for quality digital innovations, including apps, to support home-based, independent dementia care.A composite lack of standardised quality indicators and commercial drivers of the app marketplace p...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 26, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Georgina R Chelberg Maike Neuhaus Adam Mothershaw Ray Mahoney Liam J Caffery Source Type: research

Extracorporeal shock wave therapy on pain and foot functions in subjects with chronic plantar fasciitis: systematic review of randomized controlled trials
CONCLUSION: Extracorporeal shock wave therapy could be a promising rehabilitation intervention and might support to improve pain, and foot function of subjects with chronic plantar fasciitis.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONExtracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) exerted beneficial effects on pain and functional outcomes for chronic plantar fasciitis.ESWT could be effectively performed with no side effects.ESWT could be an alternative to the conventional management of chronic plantar fasciitis.PMID:34038642 | DOI:10.1080/09638288.2021.1928775 (Source: Disability and Rehabilitation)
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 26, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Haimanot Melese Abayneh Alamer Kefale Getie Fetene Nigussie Sileshi Ayhualem Source Type: research

Post-stroke lateropulsion and rehabilitation outcomes: a retrospective analysis
This study aimed to determine the association of lateropulsion severity with: • Change in function (Functional Independence Measure - FIM) and lateropulsion severity (Four-Point Pusher Score - 4PPS) during inpatient rehabilitation; • Inpatient rehabilitation length of stay (LOS); • Discharge destination from inpatient rehabilitation.METHODS: Retrospective data for 1,087 participants (aged ≥65 years) admitted to a stroke rehabilitation unit (2005-2018) were analysed using multivariable regression models.RESULTS: Complete resolution of lateropulsion was seen in 69.4% of those with mild lateropulsion on admi...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 26, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Jessica Nolan Erin Godecke Katrina Spilsbury Barbara Singer Source Type: research