Interventions to address sedentary behaviour for older adults: a scoping review.
Conclusion: Findings from this scoping review suggest that sedentary behaviour can be reduced in community-dwelling older adults through multi-component targeted interventions. Future work is needed to examine sedentary behaviour interventions for adults>75 years and for persons living in long-term care institutions.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONOlder adults spend up to 75% of their day sedentary and are at an increased risk for chronic conditions, functional limitations, and mortality.Multi-component sedentary behaviour interventions, such as education, physical activity, and activity monitoring should be imple...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Petrusevski C, Choo S, Wilson M, MacDermid J, Richardson J Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Growth assessment and weight management in paediatric neuromuscular clinics: a cross-sectional survey across Canada.
Conclusions: Neuromuscular clinics could benefit from implementing consistent and recommended growth assessment practices. The development of evidence-based tools, training and protocols tailored to Duchenne muscular dystrophy should be a priority.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONGrowth and weight monitoring approaches vary within and between neuromuscular clinics.Additional training on discussing and managing weight are warranted across disciplines.Advocacy is required to ensure access to dietetic expertise within neuromuscular clinics. PMID: 32058820 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Disability and Rehabilitation)
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: McPherson AC, Amin R, McAdam L, Kalnins D, Lui T Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

All aboard: users' experiences of adapted paddling programs.
Conclusions: Programs offering a variety of adaptive paddle boarding and kayaking configurations enable paddlers to make valued choices about their participation. In addition to providing equipment and support to meet paddlers' functional abilities, program developers and clinicians should also consider individual preferences for exercise, socialization, risk taking, self-presentation of disability, and independence.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONPeople living with physical, cognitive, and/or psychosocial impairments perceive kayaking and paddle boarding as meaningful activities offering opportunities to exercise, have fun...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Merrick D, Hillman K, Wilson A, Labbé D, Thompson A, Mortenson WB Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Aphasia disrupts usual care: the stroke team's perceptions of delivering healthcare to patients with aphasia.
Conclusions: Aphasia disrupts usual care. Health professionals want to help but are working in a non-optimal environment where communication and patient-centred care are not adequately resourced.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONCurrent hospital systems and ward culture make it difficult to offer patient-centred care to patients with aphasia.Health professionals want to help patients with aphasia but are working in an environment where patient-provider communication is not adequately resourced.As a result, health professionals dread, limit or avoid talking with patients with aphasia.Health professionals need support which may...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 11, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Carragher M, Steel G, O'Halloran R, Torabi T, Johnson H, Taylor NF, Rose M Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Identifying clinicians' priorities for the implementation of best practices in cognitive rehabilitation post-acquired brain injury.
Conclusions: TRIAGE consensus-building methodology can be used to engage stakeholders and support clinicians' decision-making regarding the identification of implementation priorities in cognitive rehabilitation post-ABI in order to tailor the implementation process to local needs.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONThe Technique for Research of Information by Animation of a Group of Experts (TRIAGE) can be used to support clinicians' decision-making regarding the identification of implementation priorities in cognitive rehabilitation post-ABI.The combination of individual consultations followed by consensual in-person group di...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 11, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Poulin V, Jean A, Lamontagne MÈ, Pellerin MA, Viau-Guay A, Ouellet MC Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Developing and validating equations to predict [Formula: see text]O2 peak from the 6MWT in Childhood ALL Survivors.
Conclusion: This is the first study that predicted [Formula: see text]O2 peak from a 6MWT using clinical and specific variables related to the disease of childhood ALL survivors. The availability of these newly established [Formula: see text]O2 peak equations makes them an accurate tool to provide a better follow-up and better adapted physical training for survivors. We invite researchers to use our assessment procedures for their further studies.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONIt is critical to understand the cardiorespiratory fitness of the childhood ALL survivorsThe maximal oxygen consumption (i.e., [Formula: see text]O2...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 11, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Labonté J, Caru M, Lemay V, Alos N, Drouin S, Bertout L, Andelfinger G, Krajinovic M, Laverdière C, Sinnett D, Curnier D Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Hip precautions after total hip replacement and their discontinuation from practice: patient perceptions and experiences.
Conclusions: Participants who received hip precautions had mixed views about their use: some felt they were restrictive whilst others believed they provided reassurance. Participants who did not receive hip precautions were less anxious about dislocating their hip but were unsure how to progress their rehabilitation. The discontinuation of precautions may decrease patients' fears about dislocation but more guidance from rehabilitation staff about how to move safely during recovery is required.Implications for rehabilitationHip precautions may unnecessarily exacerbate patients' anxieties and fear about dislocation following...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 11, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Lightfoot CJ, Coole C, Sehat KR, Drummond AER Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

From recovery to regaining control of life - the perspectives of people with stroke, their carers and health professionals.
Conclusion: Findings suggest the importance of a dyadic perspective and a gradual increase in people with stroke and carers' active engagement. Professionals' approach throughout rehabilitation should be modified according to people with stroke and carers' changing needs and expectations.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONDivergence in perspectives about priorities and goals between the person with stroke their carers and healthcare professionals can lead to the creation of different agendas within rehabilitation.An open dialogue and decision-making process that involves both the person with stroke and carers is highly recomme...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 8, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Pereira CM, Greenwood N, Jones F Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Identifying priorities and developing strategies for building capacity in amputation research in Canada.
Conclusions: The consensus-workshop provided an initial roadmap for limb loss research in Canada, and the event served as an important catalyst for stakeholders to initiate collaborations for moving identified priorities into action. Given the increasing number of people undergoing an amputation, there needs to be a stronger Canadian collaborative approach to generate the necessary research to enhance evidence-based clinical care and policy decision-making.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONLimb loss is a growing concern across North America, with lower-extremity amputations occurring due to complications arising from diabetes...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 8, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Hitzig SL, Mayo AL, Kayssi A, Viana R, MacKay C, Devlin M, Dilkas S, Domingo A, Hebert JS, Miller WC, Andrysek J, Azhari F, Baltzer HL, de Mestral C, Dittmer DK, Dudek NL, Grad S, Guilcher SJT, Habra N, Hunter SW, Journeay WS, Katz J, King S, Payne MW, Un Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Rehabilitation for participation in life after spinal cord injury - clinician responses to a preliminary conceptual framework.
Conclusions: Face validity testing suggests the preliminary HEAR Framework is promising as a basis for spinal cord injury rehabilitation theory. Broad-based testing is required to progress the promise of the Framework.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONSpinal cord injury rehabilitation lacks conceptual frameworks to guide practice.This validity study suggests moderate alignment between the preliminary HEAR Framework and usual practice (based on the perceptions of professionals in a spinal cord injury service).The Framework may be useful to individual rehabilitation practitioners as a basis for clinical reflection.The Framework...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 8, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Amsters D, Kendall M, Kuipers P Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Italian versions of the Urogenital Distress Inventory-6 and Incontinence Impact Questionnaire-7: translation and validation in women with urinary incontinence.
Conclusions: The Italian versions of the Urogenital Distress Inventory-6 and Incontinence Impact Questionnaire-7 showed reliability levels in line with the literature and good construct validity. Thus, we think that the present study extends the evidence for both questionnaires as useful tools for assessing women with urinary incontinence.Implications for rehabilitationThe Italian versions of the short forms of the Urogenital Distress Inventory and the Incontinence Impact Questionnaire have never been validated in Italian-speaking women with urinary incontinence.After translation and cross-cultural adaptation, the Italian ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 5, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Monticone M, Frigau L, Mola F, Rocca B, Giordano A, Foti C, Franchignoni F Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Long-term functional outcomes of hearing and speech rehabilitation efficacy among paediatric cochlear implant recipients in Shandong, China.
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the auditory performance and speech intelligibility of 100 children with bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss up to 3 years after cochlear implantation.Methods: A cohort study was established consisting of 100 children who received cochlear implantation at Shandong Ear Nose and Throat Hospital from 2012 to 2015. Children were examined after 1 month, 1, 2, and 3 years of implantation to assess auditory performance and speech intelligibility using standard tools. The paired Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to assess whether the scores obtained at differen...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 5, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Jiang F, Alimu D, Qin WZ, Kupper H Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Chance health locus of control beliefs in Hindu Nepali patients following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction relates to perceived sports knee function and symptoms.
Abstract Purpose: In western society an internal health locus of control (perception that health outcomes are due to one's own behavior) is related to perceived sports knee function following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. This prospective cohort study was performed to determine if similar health beliefs exist among athletically active Hindu patients from Nepal following primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.Materials and methods: Twenty-five consecutive patients (21 men, 4 women) of 26.7 ± 7.7 years of age participated in this study at 4.2 ±&thinsp...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 4, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Nyland J, Parajuli K, Singh R, Gautam A, Smith A, Pandey C Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Experiences of fatigue in daily life of people with acquired brain injury: a qualitative study.
Conclusions: This study highlights complex interactions that potentially mitigate the impact of fatigue on everyday life. Educational and self-management approaches to fatigue need to account for different types of fatigue in the contexts of an individual's daily activity. Assessment of fatigue should capture in-the-moment experiences of different types of fatigue and activity. Social support and participation in meaningful activities may help individuals to break the negative cycle of fatigue and inactivity.Implications for rehabilitationAssessment of fatigue after brain injury should capture the multidimensional nature o...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 4, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Ezekiel L, Field L, Boulton M Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Understanding the role of the physiatrist and how to improve the continuum of care for trauma patients: a qualitative study.
Conclusions: Although both acute and rehabilitation care staff find early PM&R consults as being important to support the recovery of trauma patients, there is a need for greater role clarity of the physiatrist across settings and a more refined implementation approach to better meet the communication needs of clinical staff. Implications for RehabilitationEarly physical medicine and rehabilitation consults are seen by acute care and rehabilitation front-line staff as valuable for optimizing the continuum of trauma care.There is a lack of clarity on the role of physiatrists among acute care and rehabilitation clinical ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 4, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Hitzig SL, Gotlib Conn L, Guilcher SJT, Cimino SR, Robinson LR Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Opportunities and challenges around adapting supported employment interventions for people with chronic low back pain: modified nominal group technique.
Conclusions: An expert panel believes the most important opportunities/challenges around adapting supporting employment interventions for people with chronic LBP are facilitating integration/communication between systems and institutions providing intervention components, optimising research outputs for informing policy needs, and encouraging discussion around funding mechanisms for research and interventions. Addressing these factors may help improve the quality and impact of future interventions.Implications for rehabilitationInteraction pathways between health, employment, and social systems need to be improved to effec...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 3, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Froud R, Amundsen PA, Bartys S, Battie M, Burton K, Foster NE, Johnsen TL, Pincus T, Reneman MF, Smeets RJEM, Sveinsdottir V, Wynne-Jones G, Underwood M Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Quality of life of persons with traumatic spinal cord injury in rural Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: a community survey.
n A Abstract Aim: To describe the quality of life of persons with traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) in a rural area of a low-income country.Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study in which snowballing was used to identify persons with TSCI in their homes. A Kiswahili version of the short version of the World Health Organization quality of life questionnaire was used for data collection. Data were analyzed descriptively and independent samples t-tests were used to calculate the difference in the mean scores between groups.Results: Eighty persons with TSCI with a mean age of 42.29 ±&thi...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 31, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Moshi H, Sundelin G, Sahlen KG, Sörlin A Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Diagnosing embodiment should become part of our repertoire.
PMID: 32003250 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Disability and Rehabilitation)
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 31, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Soloukey S, Harhangi BS, Prins AW, Schermer MHN Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Inclusion through folk high school in Sweden - the experience of young adult students with high-functioning autism.
Conclusions: Folk High School, and its special character, is able to successfully satisfy the needs of participants with high-functioning autism. Many of the participants, for the first time in their lives, experienced a sense of inclusion in an educational system and felt that they could succeed in their studies. However, there exists a risk that they become institutionalised, which entails that the participants function well primarily in Folk High School's safe and caring environment.Implications for rehabilitationA supportive environment including both formal and social learning is paramount for people with high-functio...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 30, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Hugo M, Hedegaard J Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Strategies used to engage hard-to-reach populations in childhood disability research: a scoping review.
Conclusions: Our results can guide others who wish to engage a diverse group of children with disabilities and their parents in research. Research on how to engage other hard-to-reach populations within the childhood disability umbrella and evaluation of engagement strategies and outcomes is needed.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION• Service providers should be concerned when the research informing their practices does not include families that represent their clients (e.g., families who are low income, Indigenous, ethnic minority, or LGBTQI parents of children with disabilities).• Strategies used to inclu...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 30, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Gonzalez M, Phoenix M, Saxena S, Cardoso R, Canac-Marquis M, Hales L, Putterman C, Shikako-Thomas K Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Feasibility and short-term effects of Activity Coach+: a physical activity intervention in hard-to-reach people with a physical disability.
Conclusions: Activity Coach + is feasible in a community setting. Indications for effectivity of Activity Coach + in hard-to-reach people with a physical disability were found.Implications for rehabilitationActivity Coach + was able to reach physically disabled people living in community, a population that is assumed hard-to-reach.Activity Coach + was feasible in a population of persons with a physical disability that was heterogeneous with respect to age and (severity of) disability.The current study provides the first indications for the beneficial health effects of...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 30, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Krops LA, Geertzen JHB, Horemans HLD, Bussmann JBJ, Dijkstra PU, Dekker R Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Clinical predictors of pulmonary functions, respiratory/peripheral muscle strength and exercise capacity at discharge in adults with burn injury.
tı AÇ Abstract Purpose: To identify clinical predictors of pulmonary functions, respiratory and peripheral muscle strength and functional exercise capacity in burn injury patients, and to compare these parameters with healthy subjects.Methods: The study included 47 burn injury patients aged 20-49 years, and 47 age and gender-matched healthy subjects. The patients were evaluated on the day of discharge from hospital. Pulmonary functions and respiratory muscle strength were assessed with a spirometer (Cosmed Pony FX). Hand grip and pain were evaluated with a Jamar dynamometer and visual analog scale, re...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 30, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Özkal Ö, Topuz S, Karahan S, Erdem MM, Konan A, Yastı AÇ Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Opportunities, experiences, and outcomes of residential immersive life skills programs for youth with disabilities.
Conclusions: The findings highlight the importance of designing transition programs to provide experiences of social interaction, personal growth, choice, and psychological engagement in order to enhance autonomy and empowerment. Further investigation is needed on how gender influences youth experiences. Context-mechanism-outcome linkages offer a useful frame to examine opportunities, experiences, and outcomes, and reveal multiple pathways to changes in youths' self-determination brought about by program involvement.Implications for rehabilitationResidential immersive life skills (RILS) programs enhance the autonomy and em...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 29, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: King G, McPherson AC, Kingsnorth S, Gorter JW, Avery L, Rudzik A, Ontario Independence Program Research (OIPR) Team Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Longitudinal change in parent postsecondary expectations for youth with disabilities.
This study investigated longitudinal stability of parent expectations about the transition to adulthood for youth with disabilities (i.e., likelihood of obtaining postsecondary education, living independently, becoming financially self-sufficient) and how the stability of parent expectations was related to adult outcomes.Materials and methods: Participants were parents of 3640 youth who participated in the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) waves 1 and 2 and had available data related to parent expectations.Results: Parent expectations were moderately correlated across waves; however, over one-third of parent...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 28, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kirby AV, Holmes LG, Persch AC Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Cross-cultural validation of the French version of the Lymphedema Functioning, Disability and Health Questionnaire for Upper Limb Lymphedema (Lymph-ICF-UL).
Conclusion: The French version of the Lymph-ICF-UL is a reliable and valid questionnaire and ready for use in clinical as well as in scientific practice.Implications for rehabilitationSince the introduction of more effective treatment modalities increasing the number of breast cancer survivors, the amount of patients dealing with lymphedema is rising likewise up to a pooled incidence rate of more than 16% of the women treated for breast cancer.The French version of the Lymph-ICF-UL is a reliable and valid questionnaire for assessing problems in functioning of patients with breast cancer-related lymphedema of the arm and/or...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 28, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: De Vrieze T, Frippiat J, Deltombe T, Gebruers N, Tjalma WAA, Nevelsteen I, Thomis S, Vandermeeren L, Belgrado JP, De Groef A, Devoogdt N Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and construct validity of the adapted Arabic version of the Oxford shoulder score in patients with shoulder disorders.
Abstract Purpose: The current study aimed to evaluate the internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and construct validity of the translated and adapted Arabic version of the Oxford shoulder score in patients with shoulder disorders.Methods: One hundred four patients (average age 45.9 ± 15.2 years; female 78.8%) with shoulder disorders, including impingement syndrome, rotator cuff disorder, osteoarthritis, and adhesive capsulitis, participated. The participants were asked to complete the adapted Arabic version of the Oxford shoulder score, shoulder pain and disability index, and th...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 26, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Alsanawi HA, Alghadir AH, Anwer S, Alenazi HA, Li H Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Post-traumatic stress disorder in a population of 2008 Wenchuan earthquake survivors with disabilities: the role of environmental barriers.
Conclusions: Long-term community-based health services for earthquake survivors with disabilities should combine both mental and physical rehabilitation and focus on creating disability-inclusive environments.Implications for rehabilitationEarthquake survivors whose physical injuries result in permanent disability may experience two different types of psychological trauma. The first originates from the initial psychological impact of the disaster and their injuries and the second arises from the added difficulty of coping with environmental barriers given the limitations imposed by their impairments.Even years after the di...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 22, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Reinhardt JD, Zhang X, Van Dyke C, Ehrmann C, Li L, Zhao Z, Zhou M, Li H Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Sexuality in the context of physical rehabilitation as perceived by occupational therapists.
Conclusion: There is a need in developing training tools to support clinical practice and to overcome the many barriers encountered by occupational therapists regarding the domain of sexuality.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONAddressing sexuality domain with their clients remains a challenge for occupational therapists working in outpatient physical disability rehabilitation.Several factors influence the practice of occupational therapists in the domain of sexuality, including occupational therapist's intrinsic factors, their practice process, contextual factors and client-related factors.Improved interdisciplinary practice ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 22, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Lepage C, Auger LP, Rochette A Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Gulburra (to understand): Aboriginal Ability Linker's person-centred care approach.
Conclusion: Aboriginal Ability Linkers provide essential services, which promote a strength-based approach and culturally responsive services with Aboriginal communities. This person-centred approach can be applied in other disability and disability-related settings.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONThis person-centred care approach offers disability services providers a framework for working with Aboriginal people.The person-centred care approach incorporates Aboriginal philosophical approaches and builds on the previous work of Aboriginal disability scholars.This person-centred care approach is embedded in a decolonising fr...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 21, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Gibson C, Chatfeild K, O'Neill-Baker B, Newman T, Steele A Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

The role of occupational-participation, meaningful-activity and quality-of-life of colorectal cancer survivors: findings from path-modelling.
Abstract Purpose: This novel study aims to explore the relationship between occupational participation, meaningful activity, and the health-related quality of life of people living with a diagnosis of colorectal cancerMethods: A cross-sectional study design with 113 colorectal cancer survivors (from two large public hospitals in Malaysia) was conducted. Data collection tools included the Occupational Participation Questionnaire, Engagement in Meaningful-activities, and the European Organization for Research and Treatment in Cancer Quality of Life (QOL) Questionnaire. Data analyses were conducted using SmartPLS to ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 21, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Loh SY, Sapihis M, Danaee M, Chua YP Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Assessing significant others' cognitions and behavioral responses in occupational health care for workers with a chronic disease.
Conclusions: It is not common practice for occupational health professionals to assess significant others' cognitions and behavioral responses, although they recognize the influence of these factors on work outcomes. More research is needed as to how occupational health professionals can best address the role of significant others, and apply these new insights in their daily practice.Implications for rehabilitationMost occupational health professionals do not commonly ask about significant others' cognitions and behavioral responses despite the possible influence of these factors on work outcomes.Occupational health profes...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 19, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Snippen NC, de Vries HJ, de Wit M, van der Burg-Vermeulen SJ, Brouwer S, Hagedoorn M Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Using a dyadic approach to explore parental support for physical activity among young cancer survivors.
Conclusions: Findings underscore the complexity of parental support for physical activity among adolescent and young adult cancer survivors. Developing and testing resources to empower adolescent and young adult cancer survivors to ask for parental support and to enable parents to support their child's physical activity is imperative.Implications for RehabilitationMany adolescent and young adult cancer survivors do not participate in enough physical activity to acquire physical and psychosocial benefits.Parental support may represent a key factor that influences physical activity participation.Rehabilitation professionals ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 19, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Price J, Wurz A, Ramphal R, Wilson K, Brunet J Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of daily inspiratory muscle training on respiratory muscle strength and chest wall regional volumes in hemodialysis patients: a randomized clinical trial.
PMID: 31917932 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Disability and Rehabilitation)
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 9, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Dornelas BR, Lima FA Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Reintegration into school of childhood brain tumor survivors: a qualitative study using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health - Children and Youth framework.
Conclusions: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health framework is a useful instrument to systematically describe experiences of CBTS and key figures regarding school life, providing a common language to communicate for stakeholders in education and healthcare following the child's return.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONThe International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health - Children and Youth framework is a useful instrument to describe experiences regarding school life of childhood brain tumor survivors (CBTS) and key figures in their environment.The ICF-CY model can be combi...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 7, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Vanclooster S, Van Hoeck K, Peremans L, Bilsen J, Van Der Werff Ten Bosch J, Laureys G, Paquier P, Jansen A Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Disrupted biographies: making sense of minor stroke after hospital discharge.
Conclusions: Although participants had different experiences of minor stroke, there were common elements. The first weeks post-hospital discharge were a time of questioning and reconciling the stroke for many participants. Adjusting to post-stroke impairments and the impact of these on social participation was also prominent. There is a critical need for education about what to expect prior to discharge from hospital with minor stroke and a designated discharge pathway to avoid the development of secondary post-stroke issues in the community.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONPeople with minor stroke may experience ongoing pos...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 7, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Finch E, Foster M, Fleming J Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

The intra- and inter-rater reliability of the Goldsmith indices of body symmetry in non-ambulant adults with cerebral palsy.
Conclusion: The Goldsmith Indices of Body Symmetry has good inter and intra-rater reliability for measurement of thoracic shape and symmetry, pelvic orientation and hip range, allowing accurate tracking of postural changes over time in non-ambulant adults with cerebral palsy.Implications for rehabilitationThe Goldsmith Indices of Body Symmetry is a reliable clinical measurement tool to enable measurement of the thoracic shape and symmetry, pelvic and hip orientation in adults with cerebral palsy.The Goldsmith Indices of Body Symmetry, with an impairment focus, is a useful adjunct to the assessment and management of postura...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 7, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Holmes C, Fredrickson E, Brock K, Morgan P Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Low health-related quality of life is strongly linked to upper extremity impairments in type 1 diabetes with a long duration.
;ngeus A Abstract Purpose: To compare health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in type 1 diabetes and non-diabetic controls and possible links to upper extremity impairments (UEIs). Prevalence of sick-leave and causes were investigated.Materials and methods: This Swedish population-based case-control study included type 1 diabetes patients
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 6, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Gutefeldt K, Hedman CA, Thyberg ISM, Bachrach-Lindström M, Arnqvist HJ, Spångeus A Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Towards person-centred rehabilitation in dementia - a narrative synthesis.
Conclusion: Compared to the principles of Kitwood, person-centredness in rehabilitation for people living with dementia also includes goal-setting and empowering principles. There is a need for developing the theoretical and philosophical foundation for person-centredness in rehabilitation in relation to people with dementia.IMPLICATION FOR REHABILITATIONPerson-centredness is a key feature in rehabilitation for people living with dementia.In rehabilitation, person-centredness may entail other principles and components than in dementia care in general.There is a need for developing person-centredness in rehabilitation, both...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 6, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Thuesen J, Ravn MB, Petersen KS Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Using Rasch and factor analysis to develop a Proxy-Reported health state classification (descriptive) system for Cerebral Palsy.
Conclusions: The combination of Factor and Rasch analysis along with consultation with patients, clinicians and experts in health-related quality-of-life instrument development, has resulted in a short version of the Cerebral Palsy quality of life instrument.IMPLICATION FOR REHABILITATIONThis study provides the first classification system for children with Cerebral Palsy.The Cerebral Palsy-six dimension (CP-6D) survey, which is a short version of Cerebral Palsy Quality Of Life instrument, can be timesaving when measuring quality of life in children with Cerebral Palsy.The short version (CP-6D) can be used in preference bas...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 6, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Bahrampour M, Downes M, Boyd RN, Scuffham PA, Byrnes J Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Assessing the factorial structure of the mental illness public stigma in Spain.
Conclusions: These results improve the findings from other studies that try to validate the AQ27 in other languages. We discuss the different factors that should be considered in the estimation of public stigma and the necessity to implement programmes to reduce it to enable recovery.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONSince the public stigma of mental illness is an obstacle to recovery and rehabilitation, reliable instruments are needed to assess it.A parsimonious instrument in Spanish with good psychometric characteristics for measuring public stigma is obtained.Using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, a questionna...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 6, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Saavedra J, Arias-Sánchez S, Corrigan P, López M Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Capturing the psychosocial impacts of falls from the perspectives of wheelchair users with spinal cord injury through photo-elicitation.
Conclusions: Falls have a significant psychosocial impact for some, but not all participants. Clinicians should explore whether and to what extent falls/fall risk have a lasting psychosocial impact, and work with individuals to create strategies that may reduce negative psychosocial impacts.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONThis study highlighted that falls can have a significant psychosocial impact on the lives of some wheelchair users with spinal cord injury.Since a wheelchair user's concern of falls may change overtime, clinicians are encouraged to have ongoing dialogue about every wheelchair user's level of concern about ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 6, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Singh H, Scovil CY, Yoshida K, Oosman S, Kaiser A, Jaglal SB, Musselman KE Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Structuring community-based adapted dance programs for persons post-stroke: a qualitative study.
Conclusion: Recommendations generated from our study can inform the development of community-based dance programs that are practical, optimize health benefits, and meet the needs and interests of people post-stroke.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONDance is an effective way to improve physical, psychosocial, and cognitive function for persons post-stroke while also promoting meaningful social relationships within the community.A dance instructor who is a skilled communicator and is willing to adapt to the needs of the class, is the most important factor for a successful dance class.Creating a safe and inviting environment for...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 4, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Gregor S, Vaughan-Graham J, Wallace A, Walsh H, Patterson KK Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Scoping review on noticing concerns in child development: a missing piece in the early intervention puzzle.
Conclusions: This review highlights the nuanced complexity of noticing concerns with a child's development. Understanding how this process occurs and the key ingredients that enable it is vital to supporting early detection of developmental delays.Implications for rehabilitationNoticing developmental delays is a complex process that evolves over time, derived of 'who' notices and 'how' this occurs.When asking parents about child development, professionals need to listen for both bolder "aha moments" as well as more subtle "niggling" comments as indicators of parental concerns.Building baseline parental ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 29, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Cuomo B, Joosten A, Vaz S Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Factors related to the use of a head-mounted display for individuals with low vision.
Conclusions: None of the traditional clinical variables (demographics, ocular, or general health), or LV rehabilitation experience was predictive of sustained use of a head-mounted LV display. However, the administration of standardized device-impact questionnaires may be able to identify device users that could benefit from individualized attention during LV rehabilitation provision to reduce the probability of device abandonment.Implications for rehabilitationInvestigating the factors predicting (non-)use of head-mounted magnification devices for low vision (LV) is important to identify patients with a higher risk of dev...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 28, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Lorenzini MC, Hämäläinen AM, Wittich W Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Triaxial accelerometer output predicts oxygen uptake in adults with Down syndrome.
Conclusions: Adults with DS have different V̇O2 to VM responses, and this appears due to their higher BMI. Predictability of V̇O2 from accelerometer output is better for hip- than wrist-worn accelerometers.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONOutput from a triaxial accelerometer has high potential in predicting the energy expenditure and classifying the intensity of physical activity and sedentary behavior in adults with Down syndrome.Accuracy of predicting energy expenditure from accelerometer output is better for hip- than wrist-worn triaxial accelerometers.The development of appropriate rehabilitation interventions that inc...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 27, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Allred AT, Choi P, Agiovlasitis S Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

What matters to patients with stroke in India and why: a qualitative study.
Conclusions: Outcome preferences of patients with stroke are not universal. The conceptual framework including its domains and contents developed in this study can be a useful guide to clinicians and researchers in choosing what to measure within Indian as well as other similar sociocultural contexts.Implications for rehabilitationPost-stroke functional outcome measurement is meaningful only when it is conceptualized within the context in which the personal, social, and cultural values of patients are well-recognized.There are notable differences in the type of activities constituting daily activities and how they were per...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 27, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Prakash V, Ganesan M Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Adults with cerebral palsy rank factors associated with quality of life and perceived impact of childhood surgery on adult outcomes.
Abstract Background: Person-centered care concerns the values and perceptions of the patient in assessment of outcomes. Little is known about perceptions of adults with cerebral palsy (CP) concerning: the most important factors associated with quality of life, definitions of success, short- and long-term outcomes of childhood orthopedic care, and current needs for information surrounding childhood orthopedic care.Methods: An online survey gathered information using structured and semi-structured questions. Descriptive statistics and content analysis summarized findings of structured questions and comments.Results:...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 27, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Gannotti ME, Wilson JL, Bagley AM, Oeffinger D Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Searching for active ingredients in rehabilitation: applying the taxonomy of behaviour change techniques to a conversation therapy for aphasia.
Conclusions: Describing the content of conversation therapy with the taxonomy of behaviour change techniques offers clinically useful insights with potential to enhance both research and practice. The intervention is shown to target different types of behaviour in different ways, and offer different speaker groups different content. Non-psychologist users of the taxonomy may encounter challenges working with unfamiliar concepts and terminology, which may impact on reliable use.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONIn order to change communicative behaviours within conversation, feedback should focus not only on performance but al...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 25, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Johnson F, Beeke S, Best W Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Factors influencing implementation of aerobic exercise after stroke: a systematic review.
Conclusions: Key factors influencing the implementation of aerobic exercise after stroke included characteristics of the staff and intervention and system-level issues, some of which are modifiable. Further research should evaluate strategies which specifically target these modifiable factors to facilitate implementation in practice.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONAerobic exercise after stroke is an effective intervention but there are challenges to implementation from a staff and system perspective.Any changes to the identified factors should be tailored to suit the staff group and setting.Provision of training and knowled...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 25, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Gaskins NJ, Bray E, Hill JE, Doherty PJ, Harrison A, Connell LA Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Views and experiences of visually impaired older people and exercise instructors about the Falls Management Exercise programme: a qualitative study.
Conclusions: Visually impaired older people have similar barriers and facilitators to group-based falls prevention sessions as older people without visual impairment, but seem to have more difficulties in motivation to exercise at home. Both participants and instructors felt the main facilitator to adherence to group exercise sessions was the social time.Implications for rehabilitationVisually impaired older people have similar barriers and facilitators to group-based falls prevention sessions as older people without visual impairment, but seem to have more difficulties in motivation to exercise at home.Key recommended ada...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 25, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: de Jong LD, Coe D, Bailey C, Adams N, Skelton DA Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research