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Computerised mirror therapy with Augmented Reflection Technology for early stroke rehabilitation: clinical feasibility and integration as an adjunct therapy.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings pave the way for using technology to provide mirror therapy in clinical settings and show potential for the more effective use of inpatient time and enhanced recoveries for patients. Implications for Rehabilitation Computerised Mirror Therapy is feasible for clinical use Augmented Reflection Technology can be integrated as an adjunctive therapeutic intervention for subacute stroke patients in an inpatient setting Virtual Rehabilitation devices such as Augmented Reflection Technology have considerable potential to enhance stroke rehabilitation. PMID: 28478736 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Dis...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 11, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Hoermann S, Ferreira Dos Santos L, Morkisch N, Jettkowski K, Sillis M, Devan H, Kanagasabai PS, Schmidt H, Krüger J, Dohle C, Regenbrecht H, Hale L, Cutfield NJ Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Are unstable support surfaces superior to stable support surfaces during trunk rehabilitation after stroke? A systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: Trunk training on unstable support surfaces seemed to be superior to stable support surfaces in improving static and dynamic balance. However, more research is necessary, since the risk of bias of the included studies was high. Implications for Rehabilitation Trunk training on unstable surfaces seems to be superior to stable surfaces in improving static and dynamic balance. Physio balls, air cushions, balance pads, and unstable boards are appropriate supports to enhance balance during stroke rehabilitation. Implementing unstable supports early in rehabilitation might be more beneficial. PMID: 28482696 [Pu...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 9, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Van Criekinge T, Saeys W, Vereeck L, De Hertogh W, Truijen S Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

It takes two: the influence of dance partners on the perceived enjoyment and benefits during participation in partnered ballroom dance classes for people with Parkinson's.
CONCLUSIONS: People with Parkinson's experience of the dance classes were influenced by the relationship and compatibility with their dance partner. Dance partnerships may impact on recruitment, enjoyment, outcome and continued participation in dance classes. Potential effects of partnerships should be analyzed and reported in studies evaluating the outcomes of dance classes. Implications for rehabilitation We recommend that health professionals consider involving spouses in Parkinson's dance classes as this may improve recruitment, adherence, enjoyment and overall outcome of the dance classes. If volunteers are needed, ai...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 9, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kunkel D, Robison J, Fitton C, Hulbert S, Roberts L, Wiles R, Pickering R, Roberts H, Ashburn A Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Features that exacerbate fatigue severity in joint hypermobility syndrome/Ehlers-Danlos syndrome - hypermobility type.
CONCLUSION: Fatigue is a significant symptom associated with JHS/EDS-HT. Assessment of individuals with this condition should include measures of fatigue severity to enable targeted management of potentially modifiable factors associated with fatigue severity. Implications for rehabilitation Fatigue is a significant symptom reported by individuals affected by joint hypermobility syndrome/Ehlers-Danlos syndrome - hypermobility type. Potentially modifiable features that contribute to fatigue severity in this population have been identified. Targeted management of these features may decrease the severity and impact of fatigue...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 9, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Krahe AM, Adams RD, Nicholson LL Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Preoperative factors related to the ambulatory status at 1 year after total knee arthroplasty.
CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative TUG test with a cut-off score of 10.8 s and functional activities with a cut-off score of 39 points are reliable assessment tools for predicting the use of walking aid following TKA. Implications for Rehabilitation An accurate prediction of the ambulatory status after total knee arthroplasty can aid patients in understanding their own goals of the activities of daily living. Preoperative timed up and go test of 39 points are useful for predicting the ambulatory status after total knee arthroplasty. PMID: 28478687 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Disability and Rehabilitation)
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 8, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Nankaku M, Ito H, Furu M, Kuriyama S, Nakamura S, Ikeguchi R, Matsuda S Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Assessment of texture discrimination ability at the sole of the foot in subjects with chronic stroke compared with young and elderly subjects with no neurological deficits: a reliability and validity study.
CONCLUSION: This newly developed assessment tool demonstrates concurrent and known-groups validity and is reliable for determining texture discriminative ability of the foot in individuals post-stroke and in older adults with no neurological impairment. Implications for rehabilitation The texture discrimination test presented here is a valid and reliable tool, providing quantitative assessment of sensory function at the sole of the foot in older adults with no neurologic deficits and in subjects poststroke. Lower extremity texture discrimination test is easy to administer in the clinic and might suggest directions for indi...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 8, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Ofek H, Alperin M, Knoll T, Livne D, Laufer Y Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Do I really want to be going on a bloody diet? Gendered narratives in older men with painful knee osteoarthritis.
CONCLUSIONS: Gendered narratives can make it challenging for men to lose weight. Healthcare professionals cannot ignore the influence of gender on rehabilitation and should consider gender specific strategies. Implications for rehabilitation Men may not associate being overweight with being unhealthy. Men may take pride in being in good shape and may respond better to weight loss strategies that focus on fitness not body size. Men may link weight gain with decrease in activity levels rather than overeating. Health care professionals should challenge the assumption that weight loss will follow surgery. Health care professio...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 8, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Toye F, Room J, Barker KL Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of different physical therapy programs on perceived health status in acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients: a randomized clinical trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Physical therapy added to standard medical treatment of acute exacerbated COPD patients achieves a higher improvement in perceived health status than the prescription of standard medical treatment alone. Implications for Rehabilitation Physical therapy added to standard medical treatment in patients hospitalized due to acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease achieves a higher improvement in the perceived health status than the prescription of standard medical treatment alone. Short duration physical therapy programs added to the standard care appear to be helpful in the management of acute ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 8, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Torres-Sánchez I, Valenza MC, Cebriá I Iranzo MDÀ, López-López L, Moreno-Ramírez MP, Ortíz-Rubio A Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Exercise habits and factors associated with exercise in systemic sclerosis: a Scleroderma Patient-centered Intervention Network (SPIN) cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: Approximately half of SSc patients reported that they are currently exercising with walking being the most common form of exercise. Understanding exercise patterns and factors associated with exercise will help better inform intervention programs to support exercise for patients with SSc. Implications for rehabilitation Systemic sclerosis is a rare autoimmune rheumatic disease associated with great morbidity and highly diverse presentation. Approximately half of people with both limited and diffuse systemic sclerosis report exercising. Most exercisers walk, but patients engage in a wide variety of exercise-rel...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 8, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Azar M, Rice DB, Kwakkenbos L, Carrier ME, Shrier I, Bartlett SJ, Hudson M, Mouthon L, Poiraudeau S, van den Ende CHM, Johnson SR, Rodriguez Reyna TS, Schouffoer AA, Welling J, Thombs BD, SPIN investigators Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

The psychometric properties of the Evaluation of Daily Activity Questionnaire in seven musculoskeletal conditions.
CONCLUSION: The Evaluation of Daily Activity Questionnaire satisfied Rasch model requirements for construct validity and has good reliability and validity in each MSC. The Evaluation of Daily Activity Questionnaire can be used as a measure of everyday activity in practice and research with people with musculoskeletal conditions. Implications for rehabilitation The Evaluation of Daily Activity Questionnaire evaluates users' ability to perform common daily activities (in 12 domains) that were identified as problematic by people with seven musculoskeletal conditions (i.e., osteoarthritis, systemic lupus, ankylosing spondyliti...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 8, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Hammond A, Prior Y, Horton MC, Tennant A, Tyson S Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Measuring functional ability in hospitalized older adults: a validation study.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that the GARS and the modified reintegration to normal living index (mRNLI) are internally consistent, valid and responsive to change over time when applied to a sample of hospitalized older adults. Further investigation of these tools in terms of inter and intra rater reliability in clinical practice is warranted. Implications for Rehabilitation Therapists and researchers need to choose standardized functional assessments carefully when working with hospitalized older adults, as not all assessments are reliable and valid in this population. The GARS and mRNLI are valid and responsive function...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 8, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Wales K, Lannin NA, Clemson L, Cameron ID Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

The Pediatric Version of the Eating Assessment Tool: a caregiver administered dyphagia-specific outcome instrument for children.
Abstract PURPOSE: To develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Pediatric version of the caregiver administered Eating Assessment Tool. METHODS: The study included developmental phase and reported content, criterion validity, internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the Pediatric Eating Assessment Tool. Literature review and the original Eating Assessment Tool were used for line-item generation. Expert consensus assessed the items for content validity over two Delphi rounds. Fifty-one healthy children to obtain normative data and 138 children with cerebral palsy to evaluate test-retest...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 5, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Serel Arslan S, Demir N, Karaduman AA, Belafsky PC Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Commitment to physical activity and health: a case study of a Paralympic Gold medallist.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Physical activity has been documented as both beneficial and detrimental for individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). The varied experience highlights challenges associated with physical activity and MS, requiring a greater understanding of the experiences of exercise for individuals with MS. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore how physical activity played a role in the life of a Paralympic Gold medallist. Carol was diagnosed with MS and went onto achieve the highest accolade in Paralympic sport. METHODS: Narrative inquiry, within a single-case design, explored how p...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 5, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kean B, Oprescu F, Gray M, Burkett B Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Timed mobility: description of measurement, performance, and dimensionality among older adults.
Abstract PURPOSE: To describe the measurement, performance, and dimensionality of five timed mobility activities completed by older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional observational study using correlational and factor analysis to examine the dimensionality of five timed mobility activities performed by 189 older adults in an outpatient setting. RESULTS: The times to complete supine-to-sit, five repetition sit-to-stand, 8 m comfortable gait, four step ascent, and four step descent were correlated significantly with one another (r = 0.294-0.827, p 
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 5, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Bohannon RW, Wolfson LI, White WB Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Understanding barriers and facilitators to healthy eating and physical activity from patients either before and after knee arthroplasty.
CONCLUSION: Identifying specific eating and activity barriers and facilitators, such as mood and motivation to improve outcomes, provides critical insight from the patient perspective, which will aid in developing weight management programs during rehabilitation for knee arthroplasty patients. Implications for rehabilitation This study provides insight into the identified barriers and facilitators to healthy eating and physical activity in knee arthroplasty patients, both before and after surgery. Intrapersonal barriers that may hinder engagement in physical activity and rehabilitation include pain, physical limitations an...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 5, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Pellegrini CA, Ledford G, Chang RW, Cameron KA Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Piloting an email-based resource package for job seekers with multiple sclerosis.
CONCLUSIONS: Preliminary evidence suggests that Work and MS can help to promote vocational goals, interests and strengths among job seekers with a disability by providing a set of tools, information and linkages relating to vocational pursuits and career development. Replication with a randomized control design is indicated. Implications for Rehabilitation Research indicates a high unemployment rate among working-age adults with MS. A combination of disease-specific, psychological, programmatic and societal variables contribute to employment instability in this group. This pilot study demonstrates that an e-mail-based reso...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 21, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Dorstyn D, Roberts R, Murphy G, Kneebone I, Migliorini C, Craig A, Hutchinson C, Field D Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Work-related difficulties in patients with traumatic brain injury: a systematic review on predictors and associated factors.
DISCUSSION: Evidence on the effect of rehabilitation interventions on TBI patients' work-related difficulties exists, but is poorly measured. Future studies should address the sustainability of holistic and tailored interventions targeting employees, employers and workplaces and aimed to reduce the gap between work duties and worker's abilities, using appropriate assessment instruments measuring difficulties in work activities. Implications for rehabilitation Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) primarily affects young persons of working age causing a broad range of motor, sensory and cognitive impairments. A combination of variab...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 21, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Scaratti C, Leonardi M, Sattin D, Schiavolin S, Willems M, Raggi A Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Parents' experiences of participation in physical activities for children with cerebral palsy - protecting and pushing towards independence.
CONCLUSIONS: Parents desire competent persons to be available for support in participation in physical activities. They want support in finding friends for their child to be physically active with. Family culture and attitudes affect their child's motivation for being physically active and should be taken into account when designing interventions for increased participation in physical activities and for reduced sedentary behaviour in children with disabilities. Implications for Rehabilitation Friends and competent adults facilitate participation in physical activities and reduce sedentary behaviour. Information on accessi...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 13, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Lauruschkus K, Nordmark E, Hallström I Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

The meanings of physiotherapy and exercise for people living with progressive cerebellar ataxia: an interpretative phenomenological analysis.
CONCLUSION: People living with ataxia recounted uniquely situated and contextualized understandings of exercise and physiotherapy that may differ significantly from the meaning of these terms to physiotherapists. Special attention should be given to patients' perspectives in order to provide services that are meaningful and valued by people living with ataxia. Implications for Rehabilitation Physiotherapists should consider exploring the meaning of exercise and physiotherapy with individual patients to inform appropriate exercise prescription and advice. Poorly managed and inexpertly prescribed home exercise programs risk ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 5, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Cassidy E, Naylor S, Reynolds F Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Balance improvement after physical therapy training using specially developed serious games for cerebral palsy children: preliminary results.
CONCLUSION: SG could therefore be an interesting option to integrate in the conventional treatment of CP children. Implication for Rehabilitation Cerebral palsy (CP) leads to balance issues. Rehabilitation exercises are not performed (enough) at home. Serious games (SG) could increase patients' motivation. SG increase balance control of CP children. PMID: 28033958 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Disability and Rehabilitation)
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 1, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Bonnechère B, Omelina L, Jansen B, Van Sint Jan S Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

One size does not fit all - Stroke survivor's views on group self-management interventions.
CONCLUSION: A varied group of stroke survivors can provide valuable insight and ideas about how group SMP's should be constructed. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first patient engagement study that explores group SMPs for stroke. In future work, researchers may find it helpful to consider the findings from this study to inform the design of group SMPs. Implications for Rehabilitation There is interest in whether unmet needs after stroke could be addressed through a group self-management program (SMP). Stroke survivors can provide valuable insight and ideas about how group SMPs should be constructed. Group SMPs s...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 29, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Clark E, Bennett K, Ward N, Jones F Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Comprehensive clinical sitting balance measures for individuals following stroke: a systematic review on the methodological quality.
CONCLUSIONS: This review was unable to identify measures with sufficient psychometric properties to enable recommendation as preferred tools. However, measures were identified that warrant further specific psychometric investigations to fulfil requirements for a high quality measure. Implications for Rehabilitation Fourteen clinical sitting balance scales containing dynamic tasks are available to measure sitting balance with individuals following stroke. No single scale has sufficient psychometric properties to enable recommendation as a preferred tool for measuring sitting balance with stroke survivors. Use of a balance s...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 27, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Birnbaum M, Hill K, Kinsella R, Black S, Clark R, Brock K Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Ultrasound in dysphagia rehabilitation: a novel approach following partial glossectomy.
CONCLUSIONS: This study establishes that ultrasound visual feedback is feasible in dysphagia rehabilitation following partial glossectomy. In addition, the predicted therapeutic effect specifically to swallow but not speech or oromotor functions were demonstrated. Implications for Rehabilitation Partial glossectomy results in altered tongue shape, movement, and function which negatively impact on speech and swallowing There is limited research evidence to support previously used speech pathology interventions (in particular, tongue range of movement exercises) to rehabilitate dysphagia following tongue cancer surgery The t...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 27, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Blyth KM, McCabe P, Madill C, Ballard KJ Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

The relationship between the implementation and effectiveness of a nationwide physical activity telephone counseling service for adults with spinal cord injury.
CONCLUSIONS: This study identified intervention dose and content as key implementation variables for an LTPA telephone counseling service for adults with SCI. Implications for Rehabilitation An evidence- and theory-based telephone counseling service can effectively sustain LTPA intentions and increase LTPA behavior among adults with SCI. The first two months of the service are a critical period for enhancing LTPA participation and for minimizing dropouts. The provision of both informational and behavioral strategies is important for increasing aerobic LTPA levels among adults with SCI. PMID: 28029067 [PubMed - as supp...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 27, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tomasone JR, Arbour-Nicitopoulos KP, Latimer-Cheung AE, Martin Ginis KA Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Effectiveness of osteopathic manipulative treatment versus osteopathy in the cranial field in temporomandibular disorders - a pilot study.
Abstract PURPOSE: Temporomandibular disorders are a common musculoskeletal condition causing severe pain, physical and psychological disability. The effect and evidence of osteopathic manipulative treatment and osteopathy in the cranial field is scarce and their use are controversial. The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of osteopathic manipulative treatment and osteopathy in the cranial field in temporomandibular disorders. METHODS: A randomized clinical trial in patients with temporomandibular disorders was performed. Forty female subjects with long-term temporomandibular disord...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 27, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Gesslbauer C, Vavti N, Keilani M, Mickel M, Crevenna R Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

An exploration of factors influencing physical activity levels amongst a cohort of people living in the community after stroke in the south of England.
CONCLUSIONS: Almost half of the survey cohort reported PA levels insufficient to meet current guidelines. Similar to barriers reported in previous studies in USA and other parts of the UK, numerous interlinking and overlapping personal, interpersonal, and environmental barriers to undertaking PA were identified. Implications for Rehabilitation This study found that although more than 60% of the survey population were able to ambulate>200 m, only 55.2% reported undertaking sufficient PA to meet current guidelines, putting them at increased risk of further stroke and other co-morbidities. Participants reported a numb...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 27, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Jackson S, Mercer C, Singer BJ Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Tele-rehabilitation service delivery journey from prototype to robust in-home use.
Abstract PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to present a retrospective study on clients with Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) enrolled in a tele-motion-rehabilitation service program for two or more months. METHODS: Data from 82 clients (46 males; 74 with ABI), aged 22-85 years, are reported. The Kinect-based CogniMotion System (ReAbility Online, Gertner Institute, Tel Hashomer, Israel) provided services that included 30-min biweekly sessions. Participants were evaluated prior to and 2 months following the commencement of service with clinical assessments that measured movements and function of the weaker upper...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 21, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kizony R, Weiss PL, Harel S, Feldman Y, Obuhov A, Zeilig G, Shani M Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Virtual rehabilitation in 2016 - a maturing field with a broadening horizon.
PMID: 28006964 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Disability and Rehabilitation)
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 21, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Fluet GG, Kizony R Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Caregiver availability for severe stroke results in improved functional ability at discharge from inpatient rehabilitation.
Abstract PURPOSE: To evaluate the predictive capacity of caregiver availability on functional ability at time of discharge from inpatient rehabilitation in individuals with severe first-time stroke. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of severe stroke inpatients admitted to a stroke rehabilitation unit between April 2005 and December 2009. Follow-up telephone interviews were conducted with patients to determine caregiver availability at time of discharge. Hierarchical linear regression analysis was performed to assess the predictive capacity of caregiver availability on functional ability at d...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 21, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Mirkowski M, Pereira S, Janzen S, Mehta S, Meyer M, McClure A, Speechley M, Teasell R Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

"It's just so bloody hard": recommendations for improving health interventions and maternity support services for disabled women.
CONCLUSIONS: Health professionals and health systems could, and arguably should, utilise a matrix of these recommendations to facilitate a review of service responsiveness to disabled women. Implications for Rehabilitation Becoming a mother is a potentially relevant and important rehabilitation issue for women of childbearing age who come into contact with rehabilitation services. Disabled women encounter a range of economic, attitudinal and knowledge barriers in relation to becoming mothers. Centralised sites/sources of information have potential to provide accessible and useful information for disabled women and health p...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 19, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Guerin BM, Payne DA, Roy DE, McPherson KM Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Graphic support resources for workers with intellectual disability engaged in office tasks: a comparison with verbal instructions from a work mate.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings are consistent with previous studies which support the possibility of generating, at low cost, iconic materials (with maps or simple graphics), which progressively facilitate workers' autonomy, without dependence or help from the job trainer. We observed that the worst performance is in the support condition with VIs, this shows the limitations of this type of natural support, which is provided on demand by work mates without specialist knowledge of work support. Implications for Rehabilitation We studied the use of various types of natural support for people with intellectual disability in thei...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 14, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Becerra MT, Montanero M, Lucero M Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

The discordance between subjectively and objectively measured physical function in women with fibromyalgia: association with catastrophizing and self-efficacy cognitions. The al- Ándalus project.
This study aimed to (i) corroborate the discordance between subjectively and objectively measured physical function and (ii) examine whether catastrophizing (worrying, pain magnifying, and helpless cognitions) and self-efficacy (believing capable to manage pain) are independently associated with this discordance. METHODS: This population-based cross-sectional study included 405 women with fibromyalgia and 193 age-matched female controls. Participants completed the Pain Catastrophizing Scale, Chronic Pain Self-efficacy Scale, and physical functioning subscales of the Revised Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire and Short ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 14, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Estévez-López F, Álvarez-Gallardo IC, Segura-Jiménez V, Soriano-Maldonado A, Borges-Cosic M, Pulido-Martos M, Aparicio VA, Carbonell-Baeza A, Delgado-Fernández M, Geenen R Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Living at a residency away from home during radiotherapy as narrated by 52 patients with breast cancer: a cage of safety and discomfort.
CONCLUSIONS: The residence becomes an interactional field with the potential to facilitate patients in resuming a new everyday life. The women who do not interact with others and/or who are stuck with feelings of anxiety should be offered the opportunity to take part in a group exclusively for "fellow sisters" in a similar situation. Implications for Rehabilitation Staying in accommodations together with other patients receiving daily radiotherapy for cancer for 5-6 weeks lends itself to personal interactions with a rehabilitative impact. Some patients take advantage of this possibility, which might facilitate th...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 14, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Lilliehorn S, Salander P Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Effectiveness of technology-based distance physical rehabilitation interventions on physical activity and walking in multiple sclerosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
n T Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of technology-based distance physical rehabilitation interventions in multiple sclerosis (MS) on physical activity and walking. DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search was conducted in seven databases from January 2000 to September 2016. Randomized controlled trials of technology-based distance physical rehabilitation interventions on physical activity and walking outcome measures were included. METHODS: Methodological quality of the studies was determined and a meta-analysis was performed. In addition, a subanalysis of technologies and an addit...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 14, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Rintala A, Hakala S, Paltamaa J, Heinonen A, Karvanen J, Sjögren T Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

How adults with cardiac conditions in Singapore understand the Patient Activation Measure (PAM-13) items: a cognitive interviewing study.
CONCLUSIONS: This study reinforces the need to culturally adapt the tool, even when language translation is not necessary. Providing Likert scales with a larger number of may widen the relevance of PAM-13 in Singapore. Implications for rehabilitation Need to culturally adapt assessment tool, even when language translation is not necessary. Consider using Likert scales with a larger number of categories when using in Asian countries such as Singapore. Caution must be taken when using PAM-13 levels to decide interventions for each individual. PMID: 27973921 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Disability and Rehabilitation)
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 14, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Ngooi BX, Packer TL, Warner G, Kephart G, Koh KW, Wong RC, Lim SP Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Qualitative research in rehabilitation science: opportunities, challenges, and future directions.
CONCLUSION: Qualitative research is well established in rehabilitation and has an important place in the continued growth of this field. Ongoing development of qualitative researchers and methods are essential. Implications for Rehabilitation Qualitative research has the potential to improve rehabilitation practice by addressing some of the most pervasive concerns in the field such as practitioner-client interaction, the subjective and lived experience of disability, and clinical reasoning and decision making. This will serve to better inform those providing rehabilitation services thereby benefiting patients that are util...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 14, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: VanderKaay S, Moll SE, Gewurtz RE, Jindal P, Loyola-Sanchez A, Packham TL, Lim CY Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Supports and barriers to implementation of routine clinical assessment for children with cerebral palsy: A mixed-methods study.
CONCLUSIONS: Organizations experience challenges to effective and sustained implementation of routine clinical assessment. Adequate resourcing and positive, clear communication were perceived as critical for success. Implications for Rehabilitation The value of routine clinical assessment of children with cerebral palsy is undisputed. Tailored solutions to organization-specific challenges are required when implementing routine clinical assessment for children with cerebral palsy. Positive, clear communication of organizational priorities by management may assist AHPs to prioritize workload activities when changing practice...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 14, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kerr C, Shields N, Quarmby L, Roberts K, Imms C, ‘Best Service at the Best Time’ group * Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Efficacy of pulsed high-intensity laser therapy on pain, functional capacity, and gait in children with haemophilic arthropathy.
Abstract AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of pulsed high-intensity laser therapy (HILT) on pain, functional capacity, and gait in children with haemophilia. METHODS: Thirty children with haemophilia type A with ages ranging from 9 to 13 years were selected for this study. They were assigned randomly, into two equal treatment groups. The laser group received the traditional physical therapy programme plus active laser (total energy of 1500 J through three phases/3 sessions/week), whereas the placebo group received the same physical therapy programme plus placebo laser over three consecuti...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 14, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: El-Shamy SM, Abdelaal AA Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

A qualitative study exploring factors that influence enrollment in outpatient cardiac rehabilitation.
CONCLUSION: The period following CR referral but prior to enrollment represents an optimal opportunity to promote in-the-moment decisions in favor of CR. Patients report both positive and negative aspects of CR, suggesting individualized efforts to resolve ambivalence may increase program participation. Implications for Rehabilitation Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is an effective secondary prevention strategy to improve cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, but only a subset of eligible patients enroll. After referral but prior to enrollment, patients antici...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 14, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Rouleau CR, King-Shier KM, Tomfohr-Madsen LM, Aggarwal SG, Arena R, Campbell TS Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Understanding informal carers' experiences of caring for older people with a hip fracture: a systematic review of qualitative studies.
CONCLUSIONS: The discussion identified a focus on carers of people suffering from a hip fracture, the willingness of informal carers to engage in caring and the intense experience of adapting to changes in relationships and dependency alongside a steep experiential learning curve. Tensions exist in negotiations with complex health care systems as carers do not feel their expertise is valued and struggle to find and understand information. Implications for Rehabilitation Including relatives/carers in the umbrella of care within a family-centred approach. Involving relatives/carers within shared decision-making about care re...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 14, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Saletti-Cuesta L, Tutton E, Langstaff D, Willett K Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Quality of life for post-polio syndrome: a patient derived, Rasch standard scale.
CONCLUSION: The disease-specific PP-QoL demonstrated excellent reliability, appropriate concurrent validity, and satisfied the standards of the Rasch model. It enables examination of the impact of health status upon perceived QoL, and the impact of rehabilitation interventions. The scale is freely available for academic or not-for-profit users to improve research in this neglected, disabling condition. Implications for Rehabilitation In post-polio syndrome (PPS), existing work examines aspects of health-related quality of life (HRQoL), such as activity limitations. A disease-specific QoL measure would enable researchers to...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 14, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Young CA, Quincey AC, Wong SM, Tennant A Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Experiences of using information and communication technology within the first year after stroke - a grounded theory study.
CONCLUSIONS: People with stroke had a strong drive to integrate ICT in order to manage and bring meaning to their everyday lives, although sometimes they needed support and adaptations. It is not only possible but also necessary to start using ICT in rehabilitation in order to support people's recovery and promote participation in everyday life after stroke. Implications for rehabilitation People with stroke have a strong drive for using information and communication technology in their everyday lives, although support and adaptations are needed. The recovery process of people with stroke could benefit from the use of ICT ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 14, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Gustavsson M, Ytterberg C, Nabsen Marwaa M, Tham K, Guidetti S Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Post-acute care referral and inpatient rehabilitation admission criteria for persons with brain injury across two Canadian provinces.
CONCLUSIONS: Health care providers appear to consider various factors when making decisions regarding referral and admission to rehabilitation. Variations in the perceived likelihood of referral/admission suggest a need for standardized referral/admission practices. Implications for Rehabilitation Various patient characteristics influence clinicians' decisions when selecting appropriate candidates for inpatient rehabilitation. In this study, acute care clinicians were less likely to refer patients that their rehabilitation counter parts would likely have admitted and a patient with hypoxic brain injury was less likely to b...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 14, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Swaine B, Cullen N, Messier F, Bayley M, Lavoie A, Marshall S, Sirois MJ, Turgeon-Fournier A, Lamoureux J, Lam Wai Shun P Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Predicting length of stay in specialist neurological rehabilitation.
Abstract AIMS: A retrospective case series was performed to determine which measures of complexity, dependency and function most accurately predict inpatient neurorehabilitation length of stay for individuals with post-acute neurological disorders. METHODS: Sociodemographic, medical and functional variables were extracted from data submitted to the UK Rehabilitation Outcomes Collaborative. Length of stay was calculated as the total number of inpatient days, functional status was measured using Barthel Index, rehabilitation complexity was measured using Extended Rehabilitation Complexity Scale, and nursing dep...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 14, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Taiwo W, Wressle A, Bradley L Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of controlled whole-body vibration training in improving fall risk factors among individuals with multiple sclerosis: A pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: The 8-week vibration training was well accepted by PwMS and improved their fall risk factors. The important findings of this study were that vibration training may increase the range of motion of ankle joints on the sagittal plane, lower the fear of falling, and improve bone density. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION An 8-week vibration training course could be well-accepted by people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Vibration training improves the risk factors of falls in people living with MS. Vibration training could be a promising rehabilitation intervention in individuals with MS. PMID: 27976932 [PubMed -...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 14, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Yang F, Finlayson M, Bethoux F, Su X, Dillon L, Maldonado HM Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Treatment of pain following cancer: applying neuro-immunology in rehabilitation practice.
CONCLUSIONS: Neuro-immunology has increased our understanding of pain and can benefit conservative pain treatment for adults following cancer treatment. Implications for Rehabilitation Pain education is effective for improving cancer pain; implementation of contemporary pain neuroscience into the educational programme seems warranted. Various types of stress management are effective for treating patients following cancer treatment. Poor sleep is common in patients following cancer treatment, and rehabilitation specialists can address this by providing exercise therapy, sleep hygiene, and/or cognitive behavioural therapy. E...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 14, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Nijs J, Leysen L, Pas R, Adriaenssens N, Meeus M, Hoelen W, Ickmans K, Moloney N Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Level of agreement between physical activity levels measured by ActiHeart and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire in persons with intellectual disability.
CONCLUSION: IPAQ-S is inaccurate when determining PA in persons with ID as it significantly underestimates the true levels of PA in this cohort. Implications for Rehabilitation Persons with intellectual disability (ID) report insufficient physical activity for health benefits. Physical activity is often determined by means of subjective proxy reporting. Objective physical activity measurements by means of combined heart rate and accelerometer are necessary to determine accurate levels of physical activity in persons with ID. Exercise interventions should be based on objective physical activity measurements. PMID: 2796...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 13, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Moss SJ, Czyz SH Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health set for spinal cord injury nursing based on Rasch analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: The fit properties of the ICF set were satisfactory after modifications. The ICF-SCIN has the potential as a nursing assessment instrument for measuring the functioning of patients with spinal cord injury. Implications for rehabilitation The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) set for spinal cord injury nursing contains a group of categories which can reflect the functioning of spinal cord injury patients from the perspective of nurses. The components body functions (BF), body structures (BS), and activities and participation (AP) of the ICF set for spinal cord injury achie...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 13, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Li K, Yan T, You L, Xie S, Li Y, Tang J, Wang Y, Gao Y Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Workplace accommodations for persons with physical disabilities: evidence synthesis of the peer-reviewed literature.
CONCLUSIONS: This evidence synthesis provides an overview of the peer-reviewed literature of value to occupational rehabilitation professionals and employers seeking guidance on workplace accommodation policies and practices for persons with physical disabilities. A wide range of accommodation options is available for addressing physical, social, and attitudinal barriers to successful employment. Besides physical/technological modifications, accommodations to enhance workplace flexibility and worker autonomy and strategies to promote workplace inclusion and integration are important. More comprehensive reporting and evalua...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 9, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Padkapayeva K, Posen A, Yazdani A, Buettgen A, Mahood Q, Tompa E Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

The impact of stroke on female sexuality.
CONCLUSION: Stroke impacts on female sexuality through bodily alterations and their consequences and because sexuality is important to female stroke survivors, it should be addressed as part of person-centred rehabilitation. Implications for Rehabilitation Sexuality is about much more than just "having sex" and is important to female stroke survivors. Stroke impacts on female sexuality through bodily alterations and their consequences. Understanding the impact of stroke on female sexuality is a step towards more person-centred rehabilitation. PMID: 27936969 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Disabi...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 8, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Lever S, Pryor J Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research