Factors associated with disability and pain intensity in patients with complex regional pain syndrome
CONCLUSIONS: Pain catastrophizing, female sex, and surgical intervention are associated with poor outcomes. Physiologic, psychological factors, and treatment factors interact to influence outcomes. The results of this study further validate the associations of chronic pain and disability with pain catastrophizing in patients with CRPS. The novel finding of this study is introducing cut-off scores for TSK, PCS, and DASS as a screening tool to predict pain, functional limitations.Implication for rehabilitationPain catastrophizing has a vital role in the magnitude of disability and pain in patients with CRPS.The novel finding...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 6, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Maryam Farzad Joy C MacDermid Tara Packham Behzad Khodabandeh Mohsen Vahedi Erfan Shafiee Source Type: research

Inter-rater agreement when linking stroke interventions to the extended international classification of functioning, disability and health core set for stroke
CONCLUSION: Greater reliability when linking interventions to ICF codes can be achieved by; health services using a consistent progress note that uses ICF language, recording the intervention aim, linkers knowing the aims of each discipline's interventions and using multiple reliability checks and analysis to inform the linking method.Implications for rehabilitationLinking intervention targets to the ICF and to the ICHI is an emerging research field.Development of trustworthy inter-rater reliability methods is needed to achieve its potential to demonstrate the equity, quality and effectiveness of interventions.Independent ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 6, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Melissa Evans Catherine Sykes Clare Hocking Richard Siegert Nick Garratt Source Type: research

Benefits of an interdisciplinary stroke clinic: addressing a gap in physical therapy at post-stroke neurology follow-up
CONCLUSION: A significant number of post-acute stroke survivors were found to be appropriate for additional rehabilitation when assessed clinically by a neurologic physical therapist in an ISC. The measures that most closely correlated with this in-person clinical evaluation were 10MWT and SF-SIS.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONAn interdisciplinary stroke clinic can improve communication and identify people post-stroke who have not reached their full recovery potential.In a pilot study, a significant number of post-acute stroke survivors were found to be appropriate for additional rehabilitation when assessed clinically by ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 6, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Nandakumar Nagaraja Alison R Kraus Dorian K Rose Esther B Olasoji Anna Y Khanna Alexis N Simpkins Christina A Wilson Rondalyn R Dickens Vishnumurthy Shushrutha Hedna Carolyn Geis Teddy Youn Michelle M Musalo Source Type: research

Pain and mental health symptom patterns and treatment trajectories following road trauma: a registry-based cohort study
CONCLUSIONS: Targeted and collaborative rehabilitation should be considered for people at risk of persistent pain or mental health symptoms to optimise their recovery, particularly patients with socioeconomic disadvantage.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONTwo-thirds of people experience pain and/or mental health within the first 24-months after hospitalization for road trauma, of whom only 6-7% recover by 12-months, and a further 6% recover by 24-months post-injury.There were three main trajectories of administrative records of treatments received in the first two years after injury: 76 and 83% had low treatment, 18 and 12% h...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 6, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Sherry Huang Joanna F Dipnall Belinda J Gabbe Melita J Giummarra Source Type: research

Factors associated with disability and pain intensity in patients with complex regional pain syndrome
CONCLUSIONS: Pain catastrophizing, female sex, and surgical intervention are associated with poor outcomes. Physiologic, psychological factors, and treatment factors interact to influence outcomes. The results of this study further validate the associations of chronic pain and disability with pain catastrophizing in patients with CRPS. The novel finding of this study is introducing cut-off scores for TSK, PCS, and DASS as a screening tool to predict pain, functional limitations.Implication for rehabilitationPain catastrophizing has a vital role in the magnitude of disability and pain in patients with CRPS.The novel finding...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 6, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Maryam Farzad Joy C MacDermid Tara Packham Behzad Khodabandeh Mohsen Vahedi Erfan Shafiee Source Type: research

Inter-rater agreement when linking stroke interventions to the extended international classification of functioning, disability and health core set for stroke
CONCLUSION: Greater reliability when linking interventions to ICF codes can be achieved by; health services using a consistent progress note that uses ICF language, recording the intervention aim, linkers knowing the aims of each discipline's interventions and using multiple reliability checks and analysis to inform the linking method.Implications for rehabilitationLinking intervention targets to the ICF and to the ICHI is an emerging research field.Development of trustworthy inter-rater reliability methods is needed to achieve its potential to demonstrate the equity, quality and effectiveness of interventions.Independent ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 6, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Melissa Evans Catherine Sykes Clare Hocking Richard Siegert Nick Garratt Source Type: research

Benefits of an interdisciplinary stroke clinic: addressing a gap in physical therapy at post-stroke neurology follow-up
CONCLUSION: A significant number of post-acute stroke survivors were found to be appropriate for additional rehabilitation when assessed clinically by a neurologic physical therapist in an ISC. The measures that most closely correlated with this in-person clinical evaluation were 10MWT and SF-SIS.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONAn interdisciplinary stroke clinic can improve communication and identify people post-stroke who have not reached their full recovery potential.In a pilot study, a significant number of post-acute stroke survivors were found to be appropriate for additional rehabilitation when assessed clinically by ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 6, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Nandakumar Nagaraja Alison R Kraus Dorian K Rose Esther B Olasoji Anna Y Khanna Alexis N Simpkins Christina A Wilson Rondalyn R Dickens Vishnumurthy Shushrutha Hedna Carolyn Geis Teddy Youn Michelle M Musalo Source Type: research

Pain and mental health symptom patterns and treatment trajectories following road trauma: a registry-based cohort study
CONCLUSIONS: Targeted and collaborative rehabilitation should be considered for people at risk of persistent pain or mental health symptoms to optimise their recovery, particularly patients with socioeconomic disadvantage.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONTwo-thirds of people experience pain and/or mental health within the first 24-months after hospitalization for road trauma, of whom only 6-7% recover by 12-months, and a further 6% recover by 24-months post-injury.There were three main trajectories of administrative records of treatments received in the first two years after injury: 76 and 83% had low treatment, 18 and 12% h...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 6, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Sherry Huang Joanna F Dipnall Belinda J Gabbe Melita J Giummarra Source Type: research

Coping and wellbeing in families with a child with acquired brain injury compared with families in the community
This study compared wellbeing, coping, and family functioning between parents of a child with ABI and parents in the community, and examined coping as a predictor of wellbeing and family functioning.METHODS: Forty parents of a child with ABI and 40 parents in the community participated in this cross-sectional survey using the Personal Wellbeing Index, Coping Scale for Adults Short Form, McMaster Family Assessment Device (General Functioning Subscale).RESULTS: The ABI group had statistically significantly lower wellbeing, t(68.70) = -4.01, p
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 3, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Penelope Analytis Narelle Warren Alison Crichton Sarah Knight Jennie Ponsford Source Type: research

Coping and wellbeing in families with a child with acquired brain injury compared with families in the community
This study compared wellbeing, coping, and family functioning between parents of a child with ABI and parents in the community, and examined coping as a predictor of wellbeing and family functioning.METHODS: Forty parents of a child with ABI and 40 parents in the community participated in this cross-sectional survey using the Personal Wellbeing Index, Coping Scale for Adults Short Form, McMaster Family Assessment Device (General Functioning Subscale).RESULTS: The ABI group had statistically significantly lower wellbeing, t(68.70) = -4.01, p
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 3, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Penelope Analytis Narelle Warren Alison Crichton Sarah Knight Jennie Ponsford Source Type: research

Coping and wellbeing in families with a child with acquired brain injury compared with families in the community
This study compared wellbeing, coping, and family functioning between parents of a child with ABI and parents in the community, and examined coping as a predictor of wellbeing and family functioning.METHODS: Forty parents of a child with ABI and 40 parents in the community participated in this cross-sectional survey using the Personal Wellbeing Index, Coping Scale for Adults Short Form, McMaster Family Assessment Device (General Functioning Subscale).RESULTS: The ABI group had statistically significantly lower wellbeing, t(68.70) = -4.01, p
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 3, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Penelope Analytis Narelle Warren Alison Crichton Sarah Knight Jennie Ponsford Source Type: research

Rehabilitation goals described by patients with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases: content and attainment during the first year after rehabilitation
CONCLUSION: The positive changes in goal attainment largely occurred during rehabilitation, but they appeared more difficult to maintain at home. Therefore, rehabilitation goals should be reflected in the follow-up care planned at discharge.Implications for rehabilitationThe contents of rehabilitation goals reflect the complexity and wide range of challenges patients with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases experience.Positive changes in goal attainment largely occur during rehabilitation and appear to be more difficult to enhance or maintain at home.Rehabilitation interventions and follow-up care should be tailored to ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 2, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Helene Lindtvedt Valaas Mari Klokkerud Julie Hildesk år Anne S Hagland Egil Kj ønli Kristin Mj øsund Lars Øie Sigrid H Wigers Siv G Eppeland Turid Ø Høystad Åse Klokkeide Mona Larsen Ingvild Kjeken Source Type: research

Effectiveness of smartphone apps for the self-management of low back pain in adults: a systematic review
CONCLUSIONS: Inconclusive evidence exists for the use of smartphone applications for the self-management of low back pain. Further research is needed.Implications for RehabilitationSmartphone apps have the potential to improve outcomes for people with LBP aligned with current self-management guidelines.There is a paucity of literature exploring smartphone apps for LBP self-management and current evidence is inconclusive for smartphone app use without supported care.Commercially available smartphone apps are not well regulated for content or alignment with evidence-based guidelines and recommendations.Further evaluation of ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 2, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Claudia Didyk Lucy Kate Lewis Belinda Lange Source Type: research

Rehabilitation goals described by patients with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases: content and attainment during the first year after rehabilitation
CONCLUSION: The positive changes in goal attainment largely occurred during rehabilitation, but they appeared more difficult to maintain at home. Therefore, rehabilitation goals should be reflected in the follow-up care planned at discharge.Implications for rehabilitationThe contents of rehabilitation goals reflect the complexity and wide range of challenges patients with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases experience.Positive changes in goal attainment largely occur during rehabilitation and appear to be more difficult to enhance or maintain at home.Rehabilitation interventions and follow-up care should be tailored to ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 2, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Helene Lindtvedt Valaas Mari Klokkerud Julie Hildesk år Anne S Hagland Egil Kj ønli Kristin Mj øsund Lars Øie Sigrid H Wigers Siv G Eppeland Turid Ø Høystad Åse Klokkeide Mona Larsen Ingvild Kjeken Source Type: research

Effectiveness of smartphone apps for the self-management of low back pain in adults: a systematic review
CONCLUSIONS: Inconclusive evidence exists for the use of smartphone applications for the self-management of low back pain. Further research is needed.Implications for RehabilitationSmartphone apps have the potential to improve outcomes for people with LBP aligned with current self-management guidelines.There is a paucity of literature exploring smartphone apps for LBP self-management and current evidence is inconclusive for smartphone app use without supported care.Commercially available smartphone apps are not well regulated for content or alignment with evidence-based guidelines and recommendations.Further evaluation of ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 2, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Claudia Didyk Lucy Kate Lewis Belinda Lange Source Type: research

Follow-up care and adherence to self-management activities in rehabilitation for patients with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases: results from a multicentre cohort study
CONCLUSIONS: Planning FU-care should be integrated in specialized rehabilitation. Patients with poor coping skills and sedentary lifestyle may need more support over longer time to implement behavioral changes for healthy self-management.Implications for rehabilitationPlanning follow-up should be integrated in specialized rehabilitation as it supports self-management and receiving follow-up at home.Patients with sedentary lifestyle, poor coping skills, and depression may need more support over longer time to implement healthy self-management.Structure and routines in daily life enhance self-management.PMID:34846264 | DOI:1...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 30, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Helene Lindtvedt Valaas Mari Klokkerud Julie Hildesk år Anne S Hagland Egil Kj ønli Kristin Mj øsund Lars Øie Sigrid H Wigers Siv G Eppeland Turid Ø Høystad Åse Klokkeide Mona Larsen Ingvild Kjeken Source Type: research

Users' needs and expectations and the design of a new custom-made indoor footwear solution for people with diabetes at risk of foot ulceration
CONCLUSIONS: People with diabetes at risk of foot ulceration expressed a clear need for custom-made indoor footwear, and expected such footwear to increase their adherence. Our indoor footwear design provides adequate pressure relief, with better usability, and can be produced at lower costs compared to regular custom-made footwear.Implications for rehabilitationPeople with diabetes at risk of foot ulceration express a need for special indoor footwear.We developed indoor footwear with similar offloading capacity as regular custom-made footwear.The indoor footwear is lighter in weight, easier to don/doff and lower in costs....
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 30, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Renske Keukenkamp Jaap J van Netten Tessa E Busch-Westbroek Frans Nollet Sicco A Bus Source Type: research

Developing a research agenda on exercise and physical activity for people with limb loss in Canada
CONCLUSIONS: This collaborative process resulted in an action plan for amputation research and fostered collaborations to move identified priorities into action.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONLower limb amputations impact mobility leading to lower levels of physical activity.There are research gaps in our understanding of the effects of exercise or physical activity interventions for adults with lower limb amputations.Through a collaborative planning process, participants prioritized research directions on physical activity and exercise for people with LLA to advance research in the field.Action plans for research focused ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 29, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Crystal MacKay Leanna Lee Krista Best Janet Campbell Stephanie R Cimino Heather Cowley Michael Delvin Steven Dilkas Mireille Landry Susan Marzolini Amanda Mayo Paul Oh Michael Payne Ricardo Viana Julia Totosy de Zepetnek Aristotle Domingo Sheena King Will Source Type: research

Anxiety, depression, and fatigue in middle-aged and older persons with spina bifida: a cross-sectional study
CONCLUSIONS: The study revealed a high prevalence of fatigue symptomatology among middle-aged and older adults with SB. Symptoms of anxiety and depression were more common than among persons with chronic SCI and norms. SB follow-ups should include awareness of psychological distress and fatigue, and investigate pain and medication side effects among possible influencing factors.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONClinicians treating adult persons with SB should be aware of possible psychological distress and fatigue symptomatology among these patients.We suggest an initial screening for psychological distress and fatigue in per...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 26, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Ingeborg Beate Lidal Kerstin Lundberg Larsen Source Type: research

Anxiety, depression, and fatigue in middle-aged and older persons with spina bifida: a cross-sectional study
CONCLUSIONS: The study revealed a high prevalence of fatigue symptomatology among middle-aged and older adults with SB. Symptoms of anxiety and depression were more common than among persons with chronic SCI and norms. SB follow-ups should include awareness of psychological distress and fatigue, and investigate pain and medication side effects among possible influencing factors.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONClinicians treating adult persons with SB should be aware of possible psychological distress and fatigue symptomatology among these patients.We suggest an initial screening for psychological distress and fatigue in per...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 26, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Ingeborg Beate Lidal Kerstin Lundberg Larsen Source Type: research

Anxiety, depression, and fatigue in middle-aged and older persons with spina bifida: a cross-sectional study
CONCLUSIONS: The study revealed a high prevalence of fatigue symptomatology among middle-aged and older adults with SB. Symptoms of anxiety and depression were more common than among persons with chronic SCI and norms. SB follow-ups should include awareness of psychological distress and fatigue, and investigate pain and medication side effects among possible influencing factors.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONClinicians treating adult persons with SB should be aware of possible psychological distress and fatigue symptomatology among these patients.We suggest an initial screening for psychological distress and fatigue in per...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 26, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Ingeborg Beate Lidal Kerstin Lundberg Larsen Source Type: research

Anxiety, depression, and fatigue in middle-aged and older persons with spina bifida: a cross-sectional study
CONCLUSIONS: The study revealed a high prevalence of fatigue symptomatology among middle-aged and older adults with SB. Symptoms of anxiety and depression were more common than among persons with chronic SCI and norms. SB follow-ups should include awareness of psychological distress and fatigue, and investigate pain and medication side effects among possible influencing factors.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONClinicians treating adult persons with SB should be aware of possible psychological distress and fatigue symptomatology among these patients.We suggest an initial screening for psychological distress and fatigue in per...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 26, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Ingeborg Beate Lidal Kerstin Lundberg Larsen Source Type: research

The effect of kinesiophobia on functional outcomes following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery: an integrated literature review
CONCLUSIONS: Kinesiophobia affects a range of functional outcomes. Further research is required to identify screening tools and interventions for patients with kinesiophobia.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONKinesiophobia affects the effectiveness of rehabilitation following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, therefore addressing kinesiophobia both pre- and post-ACLR is important to optimise rehabilitation.Validated screening tools are required to identify kinesiophobia in individuals early to allow appropriate rehabilitation.Physiotherapists need to use a range of physiotherapeutic techniques, such as motor imagery a...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 25, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Ellie Marok Andrew Soundy Source Type: research

Hearing healthcare for workers with hearing loss: audiologists' experiences and views
CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that audiologists' perceived deficiencies in the hearing rehabilitation for WHL and identified ways to improve it. Key priorities for improvement were found to include addressing audiologists' informational and training needs, facilitating WHLs' access to appointments, improving communication between services, raising awareness in the workplace, developing relevant resources and extending funding for provision of longer appointments and hearing technologies. This is the first time this information has been reported in the literature. Opportunities for conducting further research in this are...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 24, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Margaret Zuriekat Hannah Semeraro Victoria Watson Daniel Rowan Sarah Kirby Source Type: research

Hearing healthcare for workers with hearing loss: audiologists' experiences and views
CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that audiologists' perceived deficiencies in the hearing rehabilitation for WHL and identified ways to improve it. Key priorities for improvement were found to include addressing audiologists' informational and training needs, facilitating WHLs' access to appointments, improving communication between services, raising awareness in the workplace, developing relevant resources and extending funding for provision of longer appointments and hearing technologies. This is the first time this information has been reported in the literature. Opportunities for conducting further research in this are...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 24, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Margaret Zuriekat Hannah Semeraro Victoria Watson Daniel Rowan Sarah Kirby Source Type: research

The value of social networks to individuals with a severe traumatic brain injury: a mixed methods approach
CONCLUSION: Persons with severe traumatic brain injury and their close relatives predominantly learn to manage the new situation, with functionality driving social interaction. However, as social networks often are limited to the close family, these individuals are placed in a vulnerable position.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONExisting networks (whether few or many) are of major importance for individuals with traumatic brain injury in the rehabilitation process.Close social relations possess knowledge about the survivor with traumatic brain injury that is important for the rehabilitation process.To support individuals and...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 23, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Anette Lykke Hindhede Ingrid Poulsen Source Type: research

Rehabilitation clinicians' perspectives of reactive balance training
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest a need for resources to make clinical implementation of RBT more feasible.Implications for rehabilitationTrust between the therapist and client improves self-efficacy and feelings of apprehension/fear when conducting reactive balance training.Being creative and improvising with equipment that is readily available in clinics enables reactive balance training, without the need for high-tech equipment.Clinicians should consider using standardized tools with reactive balance control components, such as the Balance Evaluation Systems Test or Performance Oriented Mobility Assessment, to assess b...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 23, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: David Jagroop Stephanie Houvardas Cynthia J Danells Jennifer Kochanowski Esm é French Nancy M Salbach Kristin Musselman Elizabeth L Inness Avril Mansfield Source Type: research

Cross cultural adaptation, validity, and reliability of Central Sensitization Inventory in Arabic language
CONCLUSIONS: CSI-Ar showed an internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and validity that are comparable to similar studies. The results support the use of CSI-Ar in assessing chronic pain in Arabic-speaking population.Implications for rehabilitationCentral sensitization (CS) mechanisms are thought to contribute to chronic pain.Identifying the presence of CS would personalize management.The Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI) is a valid and reliable tool to aid in identifying symptoms associated with CS.The Arabic version of the CSI is valid and reliable to use in Arabic speaking patients suffering from chronic pain...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 23, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Mohammad Madi Hayat Hamzeh Sumayeh Abujaber Ibrahim Altubasi Source Type: research

"The bucket of gold at the end of the rainbow": personal experiences of hope after acquired brain injury
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that hope can play an important and often essential role in the lives of people with ABI. Factors influencing experiences of hope are organised against a SEM framework, identifying intrapersonal, interpersonal, institutional, community, and state and national implications for policy, professional practice and research.Implications for rehabilitationHope plays a critical role in the lives of people following acquired brain injury.Factors which positively influence hope include faith, supportive networks, goals, experiencing progress, and having something to look forward to.Professionals c...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 23, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Michelle Bellon Jasmin Kelly Alinka Fisher Source Type: research

Towards assessing the preferred usage features of upper limb prostheses: most important items regarding prosthesis use in people with major unilateral upper limb absence-a Dutch national survey
CONCLUSIONS: All prosthesis users, except MHP-users, considered wearing comfort most important, which might be of interest for future research and industry. The PUF-ULP can be used to reflect the match between users and their prostheses.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONAll persons with upper limb absence, except multi-grip myoelectric hand prosthesis users, considered "wearing comfort" most important regarding prosthesis use, which highlights that prosthesis wearing comfort deserves more attention in future research to increase the value placed by the user on their upper limb prosthesis.Regarding prosthesis use, me...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 23, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Nienke Kerver Corry K van der Sluis Sacha van Twillert Paul F M Krabbe Source Type: research

The value of social networks to individuals with a severe traumatic brain injury: a mixed methods approach
CONCLUSION: Persons with severe traumatic brain injury and their close relatives predominantly learn to manage the new situation, with functionality driving social interaction. However, as social networks often are limited to the close family, these individuals are placed in a vulnerable position.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONExisting networks (whether few or many) are of major importance for individuals with traumatic brain injury in the rehabilitation process.Close social relations possess knowledge about the survivor with traumatic brain injury that is important for the rehabilitation process.To support individuals and...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 23, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Anette Lykke Hindhede Ingrid Poulsen Source Type: research

Rehabilitation clinicians' perspectives of reactive balance training
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest a need for resources to make clinical implementation of RBT more feasible.Implications for rehabilitationTrust between the therapist and client improves self-efficacy and feelings of apprehension/fear when conducting reactive balance training.Being creative and improvising with equipment that is readily available in clinics enables reactive balance training, without the need for high-tech equipment.Clinicians should consider using standardized tools with reactive balance control components, such as the Balance Evaluation Systems Test or Performance Oriented Mobility Assessment, to assess b...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 23, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: David Jagroop Stephanie Houvardas Cynthia J Danells Jennifer Kochanowski Esm é French Nancy M Salbach Kristin Musselman Elizabeth L Inness Avril Mansfield Source Type: research

Cross cultural adaptation, validity, and reliability of Central Sensitization Inventory in Arabic language
CONCLUSIONS: CSI-Ar showed an internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and validity that are comparable to similar studies. The results support the use of CSI-Ar in assessing chronic pain in Arabic-speaking population.Implications for rehabilitationCentral sensitization (CS) mechanisms are thought to contribute to chronic pain.Identifying the presence of CS would personalize management.The Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI) is a valid and reliable tool to aid in identifying symptoms associated with CS.The Arabic version of the CSI is valid and reliable to use in Arabic speaking patients suffering from chronic pain...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 23, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Mohammad Madi Hayat Hamzeh Sumayeh Abujaber Ibrahim Altubasi Source Type: research

"The bucket of gold at the end of the rainbow": personal experiences of hope after acquired brain injury
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that hope can play an important and often essential role in the lives of people with ABI. Factors influencing experiences of hope are organised against a SEM framework, identifying intrapersonal, interpersonal, institutional, community, and state and national implications for policy, professional practice and research.Implications for rehabilitationHope plays a critical role in the lives of people following acquired brain injury.Factors which positively influence hope include faith, supportive networks, goals, experiencing progress, and having something to look forward to.Professionals c...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 23, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Michelle Bellon Jasmin Kelly Alinka Fisher Source Type: research

Towards assessing the preferred usage features of upper limb prostheses: most important items regarding prosthesis use in people with major unilateral upper limb absence-a Dutch national survey
CONCLUSIONS: All prosthesis users, except MHP-users, considered wearing comfort most important, which might be of interest for future research and industry. The PUF-ULP can be used to reflect the match between users and their prostheses.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONAll persons with upper limb absence, except multi-grip myoelectric hand prosthesis users, considered "wearing comfort" most important regarding prosthesis use, which highlights that prosthesis wearing comfort deserves more attention in future research to increase the value placed by the user on their upper limb prosthesis.Regarding prosthesis use, me...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 23, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Nienke Kerver Corry K van der Sluis Sacha van Twillert Paul F M Krabbe Source Type: research

French cross-cultural adaptation and validity of the Moorong Self-Efficacy scale: the MSES-FR, a measure of Self-Efficacy for French people with spinal cord injury
CONCLUSIONS: The MSES-Fr is a valid and reliable tool to assess self-efficacy in persons with spinal cord injury.Implications for rehabilitationThe Moorong Self-Efficacy Scale (MSES) is commonly used in persons with SCI for evaluating the level of perceived effectiveness in living with a disability.Validity and reliability studies of the MSES-Fr show good psychometrics properties in people with SCI.The French version of the MSES has been cross-culturally translated and is ready to be used clinically.PMID:34802337 | DOI:10.1080/09638288.2021.2003452 (Source: Disability and Rehabilitation)
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 22, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Marion Gounelle Florence Cousson-Gelie Benoit Nicolas Jacques Kerdraon Dominique Gault Hubert Tournebise David Goossens Violaine Leynaert James Middleton Amandine Coffy Anthony Gelis Source Type: research

Models and materials for exercise promotion in comprehensive multiple sclerosis care: completion of the 'exercise < em > in < /em > medicine' development process
CONCLUSION: This paper presents finalized models and materials for exercise promotion within comprehensive MS care that are ready to be tested for feasibility and efficacy in a clinical trial.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONHealth care providers require support to promote exercise within the context of comprehensive MS care.The practice models in this article provide guides regarding how to promote exercise in this context.Implementing these exercise promotion guides can reduce the burden of neurologists, and ensure patients receive exercise support from appropriate providers.These guides should be implemented within the co...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 22, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Emma V Richardson Matthew Fifolt Elizabeth A Barstow Robert W Motl Source Type: research

Facilitators and barriers to empowerment in children and young people with cystic fibrosis: a meta-synthesis of the qualitative literature
CONCLUSIONS: The findings provide an initial understanding of patient empowerment in CYP with CF. Potential clinical implications include the need for more CYP-friendly information, more shared decision making and more opportunities to experience mastery. The need for further research is highlighted, particularly relating to developmental influences and factors unique to CF, which are not adequately addressed in existing patient empowerment models.Implications for rehabilitationEmpowerment in children and young people with cystic fibrosis can be facilitated by supportive and respectful relationships with family, friends an...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 22, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Naomi Fairweather Fergal W Jones Source Type: research

Mobility experiences of adult lower limb orthosis users: a focus group study
CONCLUSIONS: The current study findings may assist clinicians in developing strategies to optimize orthosis users' mobility in different situations. Experiences described by participants in this study may also help researchers identify aspects of mobility most pertinent to orthosis users and inform the development of new outcome measures.Implications for RehabilitationPeople who use lower-limb orthoses share common mobility experiences, despite differences in health diagnoses.Orthosis users often have opportunities to modify their mobility by choosing to use or not use their brace(s) and/or handheld mobility aids.When prov...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 22, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Geoffrey S Balkman Brian J Hafner Rachael E Rosen Sara J Morgan Source Type: research

Urdu translation and cross-cultural validation of the Fugl-Meyer assessment in people with stroke
CONCLUSION: The Urdu FMA is reliable and valid for the assessment of sensorimotor function in people with chronic stroke and can therefore be recommended for use in clinical and research applications.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONThe Urdu FMA is now available for use in Pakistan.The Urdu FMA is reliable and valid for the assessment of sensorimotor function in people with chronic stroke.The use of Urdu FMA is recommended to clinicians to estimate stroke severity and motor recovery.PMID:34807783 | DOI:10.1080/09638288.2021.2003449 (Source: Disability and Rehabilitation)
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 22, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Mehwish Ikram Syed Shakil Ur Rehman Katharina S Sunnerhagen Margit Alt Murphy Source Type: research

French cross-cultural adaptation and validity of the Moorong Self-Efficacy scale: the MSES-FR, a measure of Self-Efficacy for French people with spinal cord injury
CONCLUSIONS: The MSES-Fr is a valid and reliable tool to assess self-efficacy in persons with spinal cord injury.Implications for rehabilitationThe Moorong Self-Efficacy Scale (MSES) is commonly used in persons with SCI for evaluating the level of perceived effectiveness in living with a disability.Validity and reliability studies of the MSES-Fr show good psychometrics properties in people with SCI.The French version of the MSES has been cross-culturally translated and is ready to be used clinically.PMID:34802337 | DOI:10.1080/09638288.2021.2003452 (Source: Disability and Rehabilitation)
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 22, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Marion Gounelle Florence Cousson-Gelie Benoit Nicolas Jacques Kerdraon Dominique Gault Hubert Tournebise David Goossens Violaine Leynaert James Middleton Amandine Coffy Anthony Gelis Source Type: research

Models and materials for exercise promotion in comprehensive multiple sclerosis care: completion of the 'exercise < em > in < /em > medicine' development process
CONCLUSION: This paper presents finalized models and materials for exercise promotion within comprehensive MS care that are ready to be tested for feasibility and efficacy in a clinical trial.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONHealth care providers require support to promote exercise within the context of comprehensive MS care.The practice models in this article provide guides regarding how to promote exercise in this context.Implementing these exercise promotion guides can reduce the burden of neurologists, and ensure patients receive exercise support from appropriate providers.These guides should be implemented within the co...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 22, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Emma V Richardson Matthew Fifolt Elizabeth A Barstow Robert W Motl Source Type: research

Facilitators and barriers to empowerment in children and young people with cystic fibrosis: a meta-synthesis of the qualitative literature
CONCLUSIONS: The findings provide an initial understanding of patient empowerment in CYP with CF. Potential clinical implications include the need for more CYP-friendly information, more shared decision making and more opportunities to experience mastery. The need for further research is highlighted, particularly relating to developmental influences and factors unique to CF, which are not adequately addressed in existing patient empowerment models.Implications for rehabilitationEmpowerment in children and young people with cystic fibrosis can be facilitated by supportive and respectful relationships with family, friends an...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 22, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Naomi Fairweather Fergal W Jones Source Type: research

Factors that influence oral hygiene care with hospitalised stroke patients: a mixed methods study
CONCLUSION: This study used a theoretically driven approach to identify barriers and enablers to health professional delivery of oral hygiene care with stroke survivors. Interventions aiming to improve clinical practice should target beliefs about capabilities, improved access to resources and detailed oral hygiene clinical guidelines.Implications for rehabilitationSurvivors of stroke experience poor oral health which can contribute to further strokes, cardiovascular disease and mortality.Health care professionals report difficulties in delivering oral hygiene care to hospitalised stroke survivors and clinical guidelines l...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 19, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Marlena Klaic Erich Seng Roisin McGrath Source Type: research

Factors that influence oral hygiene care with hospitalised stroke patients: a mixed methods study
CONCLUSION: This study used a theoretically driven approach to identify barriers and enablers to health professional delivery of oral hygiene care with stroke survivors. Interventions aiming to improve clinical practice should target beliefs about capabilities, improved access to resources and detailed oral hygiene clinical guidelines.Implications for rehabilitationSurvivors of stroke experience poor oral health which can contribute to further strokes, cardiovascular disease and mortality.Health care professionals report difficulties in delivering oral hygiene care to hospitalised stroke survivors and clinical guidelines l...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 19, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Marlena Klaic Erich Seng Roisin McGrath Source Type: research

Factors that influence oral hygiene care with hospitalised stroke patients: a mixed methods study
CONCLUSION: This study used a theoretically driven approach to identify barriers and enablers to health professional delivery of oral hygiene care with stroke survivors. Interventions aiming to improve clinical practice should target beliefs about capabilities, improved access to resources and detailed oral hygiene clinical guidelines.Implications for rehabilitationSurvivors of stroke experience poor oral health which can contribute to further strokes, cardiovascular disease and mortality.Health care professionals report difficulties in delivering oral hygiene care to hospitalised stroke survivors and clinical guidelines l...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 19, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Marlena Klaic Erich Seng Roisin McGrath Source Type: research

People with spinal cord injury in Morocco: results from the very first systematic data collection
CONCLUSIONS: This study on Moroccans with SCI found that environmental barriers detract from health and QoL. Given that environmental barriers are potentially modifiable, policy interventions present powerful tools to reduce barriers and potentially increase health and QoL in this vulnerable population.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONPublic policy on the construction of transportation and public places is important to make the physical environment accessible for wheelchair users to support their participation in society.The provision of adequate rehabilitation services and specialized post-acute rehabilitation units for peo...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 18, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Abderrazak Hajjioui Maryam Fourtassi Nabil Tachfouti Zainab Laaroussi Salma Boulman Said Boujraf Christine Fekete Source Type: research

Post-stroke emotionalism (PSE): a qualitative longitudinal study exploring individuals' experience with PSE
CONCLUSION: The results indicate specific psychological aspects of PSE which could be viable targets in psychological interventions such as increasing adaptive coping strategies and challenging negatively held beliefs.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONEmotionalism can cause emotional consequences such as distress, embarrassment and fear.Helping individuals to develop insight into triggers for emotionalism could be beneficial to help gain understanding and awareness whereby post-stroke emotionalism (PSE) has the potential to be anticipated and adapted to psychologically.Potential adaptive responses such as acceptance or contro...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 17, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Sophie Fitzgerald Fergus Gracey Niall Broomfield Source Type: research

Clinimetric properties of visuo-perceptual and visuo-cognitive assessment tools used for children with cerebral visual impairment and cerebral palsy or developmental delay: a systematic review
CONCLUSIONS: Cerebral visual impairment due to its varied clinical presentation is often missed in children with CP and DD. There is a paucity of studies reporting on the validity and reliability of functional vision tools. Further studies are needed to conduct high-quality psychometric reporting using the updated COSMIN guidelines to identify appropriate functional vision tools for children with CP or DD.Implications for rehabilitationThere are paucity of studies evaluating the validity and reliability of existing perceptual and cognitive assessment tools in children with cerebral visual impairment (CVI) and cerebral pals...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 17, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Swetha Sara Philip Andrea Guzzetta Glen A Gole Roslyn N Boyd Source Type: research

Acute improvement in the attention network with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in Parkinson's disease
Disabil Rehabil. 2021 Nov 17:1-9. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2021.2004245. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPURPOSE: To investigate the effect of two weeks of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on the attention network in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty PD patients were randomly divided into equal-sized active- and sham-rTMS groups. Executive function was assessed by neuropsychological tests including the Trail-Making Test (TMT), word fluency test, digit span, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) and Stroop test. The attention network was evaluated by the attention network test (ANT). ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - November 17, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Wei Wei Xingyang Yi Zexiu Wu Jianghai Ruan Hua Luo Xiaodong Duan Source Type: research