The Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Nonsurgical Treatment of Injuries Related to Endurance Running
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):306-311. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000852.ABSTRACTRunning is a popular form of exercise that is easily accessible to various populations; endurance running, defined as distances beyond 5 km, continues to grow within the sport. Endurance running-related injuries are common in the lower extremities and are primarily overuse related. A multitude of risk factors for injury exist, including extrinsic factors, such as running distance and frequency, and intrinsic factors, such as biomechanics and nutrition status. Training and rehabilitation techniques vary with a general focus on strengthe...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Aditya Raghunandan Jesse N Charnoff Sean T Matsuwaka Source Type: research

Ulnar-Sided Wrist Pain in the Athlete: Sport-Specific Demands, Clinical Presentation, and Management Options
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):312-318. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000853.ABSTRACTUlnar-sided wrist injuries are common in sports that require repeated pronosupination, wrist radial/ulnar deviation, axial loading, and gripping equipment. Common anatomic structures affected include the triangular fibrocartilage complex, extensor carpi ulnaris tendon, distal radioulnar and ulnocarpal joints, and hamate bone. Presenting symptoms include pain with activity, swelling, possible snapping or clicking, and reproduction of symptoms with provocative maneuvers. Imaging may confirm or rule out pathologies, but abnormal findings ...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Jose L Rios-Russo Lianette S Lozada-Bado Sandra de Mel Walter Frontera William Micheo Source Type: research

Neurogenic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome in Athletes - Nonsurgical Treatment Options
This article reviews the controversial NTOS nomenclature, common sites of anatomic compression, and red flag symptoms that require immediate intervention. It also reviews the congenital, traumatic, and functional etiologies of NTOS, with a discussion of the differential diagnosis, diagnostic criteria, and workup for NTOS. Nonsurgical treatment is highlighted with an emphasis on thoracic outlet syndrome-specific physical therapy and updates on injection options and ultrasound guided hydrodissection. This article compares nonsurgical versus surgical functional outcome data with an emphasis on athletes with NTOS. Functional a...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Alexandra Warrick Brian Davis Source Type: research

Achilles Tendinopathy: Evaluation, Rehabilitation, and Prevention
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):327-334. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000855.ABSTRACTAchilles tendinopathy is a common overuse condition that is characterized by degenerative, cumulative tissue microtrauma. It is largely a clinical diagnosis in which the patient typically presents with localized pain that is worse with tendon-loading activities. Imaging modalities may be helpful with the diagnosis of difficult cases or in the planning of interventional procedures. Midportion (noninsertional) and insertional tendinopathy have distinct features and differences for therapeutic paradigms. Overall, Achilles tendinopathy has...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Kristian J von Rickenbach Haylee Borgstrom Adam Tenforde Joanne Borg-Stein Kelly C McInnis Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal Sports Ultrasound
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):277-278. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000847.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34099603 | DOI:10.1249/JSR.0000000000000847 (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Calan Sowa Scott Annett Source Type: research

Deep Gluteal Syndrome: A Pain in the Buttock
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):279-285. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000848.ABSTRACTWhile buttock pain is a common complaint in sports medicine, deep gluteal syndrome (DGS) is a rare entity. DGS has been proposed as a unifying term referring to symptoms attributed to the various pain generators located in this region. While not all-inclusive, the diagnosis of DGS allows for focus on pathology of regionally associated muscles, tendons, and nerves in the clinical evaluation and management of posterior hip and buttock complaints. An understanding of the anatomic structures and their kinematic and topographic relationship...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Yao-Wen Eliot Hu Garry W K Ho Paul D Tortland Source Type: research

Sleep and Injury Risk
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):286-290. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000849.ABSTRACTSleep has been found to have wide-ranging effects on sports performance and overall well-being. Recent research has found evidence relating chronic suboptimal sleep with the risk of musculoskeletal pain and sports injury. The amount of sleep that consistently has been found to be associated with increased risk of injury is ≤7 h of sleep, which when sustained for periods of at least 14 d has been associated with 1.7 times greater risk of musculoskeletal injury. However, it is unknown if sleep loss predisposes the athlete to specific ...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Kevin Huang Joseph Ihm Source Type: research

The National Interscholastic Cycling Association Mountain Biking Injury Surveillance System: 40,000 Student-Athlete-Years of Data
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):291-297. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000850.ABSTRACTA web-based injury surveillance system was implemented through a collaboration between University of Utah researchers and the National Interscholastic Cycling Association (NICA) to better understand injury characteristics in mountain biking. Data were collected from NICA leagues during the 2018 and 2019 seasons. Injuries were tracked in 41,327 student-athlete-years, identifying 1750 unique injuries during 1155 injury events. Rider-dependent and rider-independent variables were analyzed. The most commonly reported injuries were concussi...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Stuart E Willick Meredith Ehn Masaru Teramoto Joshua W B Klatt Jonathan T Finnoff Kristen Saad Daniel M Cushman Source Type: research

Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy in the Management of Sports Medicine Injuries
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):298-305. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000851.ABSTRACTTreatment of musculoskeletal conditions in athletes with extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) is gaining popularity as greater evidence supports its use. ESWT protocols (describing energy flux density, number of impulses, type of shockwave (focused or radial), number/frequency/duration of treatment session, area of application, and postprocedural therapy protocols) can be adjusted in the clinical setting. Protocols vary across studies, and optimal protocols for most indications are yet to be determined. ESWT can safely be used to tr...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Allison N Schroeder Adam S Tenforde Elena J Jelsing Source Type: research

The Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Nonsurgical Treatment of Injuries Related to Endurance Running
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):306-311. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000852.ABSTRACTRunning is a popular form of exercise that is easily accessible to various populations; endurance running, defined as distances beyond 5 km, continues to grow within the sport. Endurance running-related injuries are common in the lower extremities and are primarily overuse related. A multitude of risk factors for injury exist, including extrinsic factors, such as running distance and frequency, and intrinsic factors, such as biomechanics and nutrition status. Training and rehabilitation techniques vary with a general focus on strengthe...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Aditya Raghunandan Jesse N Charnoff Sean T Matsuwaka Source Type: research

Ulnar-Sided Wrist Pain in the Athlete: Sport-Specific Demands, Clinical Presentation, and Management Options
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):312-318. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000853.ABSTRACTUlnar-sided wrist injuries are common in sports that require repeated pronosupination, wrist radial/ulnar deviation, axial loading, and gripping equipment. Common anatomic structures affected include the triangular fibrocartilage complex, extensor carpi ulnaris tendon, distal radioulnar and ulnocarpal joints, and hamate bone. Presenting symptoms include pain with activity, swelling, possible snapping or clicking, and reproduction of symptoms with provocative maneuvers. Imaging may confirm or rule out pathologies, but abnormal findings ...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Jose L Rios-Russo Lianette S Lozada-Bado Sandra de Mel Walter Frontera William Micheo Source Type: research

Neurogenic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome in Athletes - Nonsurgical Treatment Options
This article reviews the controversial NTOS nomenclature, common sites of anatomic compression, and red flag symptoms that require immediate intervention. It also reviews the congenital, traumatic, and functional etiologies of NTOS, with a discussion of the differential diagnosis, diagnostic criteria, and workup for NTOS. Nonsurgical treatment is highlighted with an emphasis on thoracic outlet syndrome-specific physical therapy and updates on injection options and ultrasound guided hydrodissection. This article compares nonsurgical versus surgical functional outcome data with an emphasis on athletes with NTOS. Functional a...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Alexandra Warrick Brian Davis Source Type: research

Achilles Tendinopathy: Evaluation, Rehabilitation, and Prevention
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):327-334. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000855.ABSTRACTAchilles tendinopathy is a common overuse condition that is characterized by degenerative, cumulative tissue microtrauma. It is largely a clinical diagnosis in which the patient typically presents with localized pain that is worse with tendon-loading activities. Imaging modalities may be helpful with the diagnosis of difficult cases or in the planning of interventional procedures. Midportion (noninsertional) and insertional tendinopathy have distinct features and differences for therapeutic paradigms. Overall, Achilles tendinopathy has...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Kristian J von Rickenbach Haylee Borgstrom Adam Tenforde Joanne Borg-Stein Kelly C McInnis Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal Sports Ultrasound
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):277-278. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000847.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34099603 | DOI:10.1249/JSR.0000000000000847 (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Calan Sowa Scott Annett Source Type: research

Deep Gluteal Syndrome: A Pain in the Buttock
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):279-285. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000848.ABSTRACTWhile buttock pain is a common complaint in sports medicine, deep gluteal syndrome (DGS) is a rare entity. DGS has been proposed as a unifying term referring to symptoms attributed to the various pain generators located in this region. While not all-inclusive, the diagnosis of DGS allows for focus on pathology of regionally associated muscles, tendons, and nerves in the clinical evaluation and management of posterior hip and buttock complaints. An understanding of the anatomic structures and their kinematic and topographic relationship...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Yao-Wen Eliot Hu Garry W K Ho Paul D Tortland Source Type: research

Sleep and Injury Risk
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):286-290. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000849.ABSTRACTSleep has been found to have wide-ranging effects on sports performance and overall well-being. Recent research has found evidence relating chronic suboptimal sleep with the risk of musculoskeletal pain and sports injury. The amount of sleep that consistently has been found to be associated with increased risk of injury is ≤7 h of sleep, which when sustained for periods of at least 14 d has been associated with 1.7 times greater risk of musculoskeletal injury. However, it is unknown if sleep loss predisposes the athlete to specific ...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Kevin Huang Joseph Ihm Source Type: research

The National Interscholastic Cycling Association Mountain Biking Injury Surveillance System: 40,000 Student-Athlete-Years of Data
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):291-297. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000850.ABSTRACTA web-based injury surveillance system was implemented through a collaboration between University of Utah researchers and the National Interscholastic Cycling Association (NICA) to better understand injury characteristics in mountain biking. Data were collected from NICA leagues during the 2018 and 2019 seasons. Injuries were tracked in 41,327 student-athlete-years, identifying 1750 unique injuries during 1155 injury events. Rider-dependent and rider-independent variables were analyzed. The most commonly reported injuries were concussi...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Stuart E Willick Meredith Ehn Masaru Teramoto Joshua W B Klatt Jonathan T Finnoff Kristen Saad Daniel M Cushman Source Type: research

Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy in the Management of Sports Medicine Injuries
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):298-305. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000851.ABSTRACTTreatment of musculoskeletal conditions in athletes with extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) is gaining popularity as greater evidence supports its use. ESWT protocols (describing energy flux density, number of impulses, type of shockwave (focused or radial), number/frequency/duration of treatment session, area of application, and postprocedural therapy protocols) can be adjusted in the clinical setting. Protocols vary across studies, and optimal protocols for most indications are yet to be determined. ESWT can safely be used to tr...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Allison N Schroeder Adam S Tenforde Elena J Jelsing Source Type: research

The Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Nonsurgical Treatment of Injuries Related to Endurance Running
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):306-311. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000852.ABSTRACTRunning is a popular form of exercise that is easily accessible to various populations; endurance running, defined as distances beyond 5 km, continues to grow within the sport. Endurance running-related injuries are common in the lower extremities and are primarily overuse related. A multitude of risk factors for injury exist, including extrinsic factors, such as running distance and frequency, and intrinsic factors, such as biomechanics and nutrition status. Training and rehabilitation techniques vary with a general focus on strengthe...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Aditya Raghunandan Jesse N Charnoff Sean T Matsuwaka Source Type: research

Ulnar-Sided Wrist Pain in the Athlete: Sport-Specific Demands, Clinical Presentation, and Management Options
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):312-318. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000853.ABSTRACTUlnar-sided wrist injuries are common in sports that require repeated pronosupination, wrist radial/ulnar deviation, axial loading, and gripping equipment. Common anatomic structures affected include the triangular fibrocartilage complex, extensor carpi ulnaris tendon, distal radioulnar and ulnocarpal joints, and hamate bone. Presenting symptoms include pain with activity, swelling, possible snapping or clicking, and reproduction of symptoms with provocative maneuvers. Imaging may confirm or rule out pathologies, but abnormal findings ...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Jose L Rios-Russo Lianette S Lozada-Bado Sandra de Mel Walter Frontera William Micheo Source Type: research

Neurogenic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome in Athletes - Nonsurgical Treatment Options
This article reviews the controversial NTOS nomenclature, common sites of anatomic compression, and red flag symptoms that require immediate intervention. It also reviews the congenital, traumatic, and functional etiologies of NTOS, with a discussion of the differential diagnosis, diagnostic criteria, and workup for NTOS. Nonsurgical treatment is highlighted with an emphasis on thoracic outlet syndrome-specific physical therapy and updates on injection options and ultrasound guided hydrodissection. This article compares nonsurgical versus surgical functional outcome data with an emphasis on athletes with NTOS. Functional a...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Alexandra Warrick Brian Davis Source Type: research

Achilles Tendinopathy: Evaluation, Rehabilitation, and Prevention
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):327-334. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000855.ABSTRACTAchilles tendinopathy is a common overuse condition that is characterized by degenerative, cumulative tissue microtrauma. It is largely a clinical diagnosis in which the patient typically presents with localized pain that is worse with tendon-loading activities. Imaging modalities may be helpful with the diagnosis of difficult cases or in the planning of interventional procedures. Midportion (noninsertional) and insertional tendinopathy have distinct features and differences for therapeutic paradigms. Overall, Achilles tendinopathy has...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Kristian J von Rickenbach Haylee Borgstrom Adam Tenforde Joanne Borg-Stein Kelly C McInnis Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal Sports Ultrasound
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):277-278. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000847.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34099603 | DOI:10.1249/JSR.0000000000000847 (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Calan Sowa Scott Annett Source Type: research

Deep Gluteal Syndrome: A Pain in the Buttock
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):279-285. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000848.ABSTRACTWhile buttock pain is a common complaint in sports medicine, deep gluteal syndrome (DGS) is a rare entity. DGS has been proposed as a unifying term referring to symptoms attributed to the various pain generators located in this region. While not all-inclusive, the diagnosis of DGS allows for focus on pathology of regionally associated muscles, tendons, and nerves in the clinical evaluation and management of posterior hip and buttock complaints. An understanding of the anatomic structures and their kinematic and topographic relationship...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Yao-Wen Eliot Hu Garry W K Ho Paul D Tortland Source Type: research

Sleep and Injury Risk
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):286-290. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000849.ABSTRACTSleep has been found to have wide-ranging effects on sports performance and overall well-being. Recent research has found evidence relating chronic suboptimal sleep with the risk of musculoskeletal pain and sports injury. The amount of sleep that consistently has been found to be associated with increased risk of injury is ≤7 h of sleep, which when sustained for periods of at least 14 d has been associated with 1.7 times greater risk of musculoskeletal injury. However, it is unknown if sleep loss predisposes the athlete to specific ...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Kevin Huang Joseph Ihm Source Type: research

The National Interscholastic Cycling Association Mountain Biking Injury Surveillance System: 40,000 Student-Athlete-Years of Data
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):291-297. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000850.ABSTRACTA web-based injury surveillance system was implemented through a collaboration between University of Utah researchers and the National Interscholastic Cycling Association (NICA) to better understand injury characteristics in mountain biking. Data were collected from NICA leagues during the 2018 and 2019 seasons. Injuries were tracked in 41,327 student-athlete-years, identifying 1750 unique injuries during 1155 injury events. Rider-dependent and rider-independent variables were analyzed. The most commonly reported injuries were concussi...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Stuart E Willick Meredith Ehn Masaru Teramoto Joshua W B Klatt Jonathan T Finnoff Kristen Saad Daniel M Cushman Source Type: research

Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy in the Management of Sports Medicine Injuries
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):298-305. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000851.ABSTRACTTreatment of musculoskeletal conditions in athletes with extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) is gaining popularity as greater evidence supports its use. ESWT protocols (describing energy flux density, number of impulses, type of shockwave (focused or radial), number/frequency/duration of treatment session, area of application, and postprocedural therapy protocols) can be adjusted in the clinical setting. Protocols vary across studies, and optimal protocols for most indications are yet to be determined. ESWT can safely be used to tr...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Allison N Schroeder Adam S Tenforde Elena J Jelsing Source Type: research

The Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Nonsurgical Treatment of Injuries Related to Endurance Running
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):306-311. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000852.ABSTRACTRunning is a popular form of exercise that is easily accessible to various populations; endurance running, defined as distances beyond 5 km, continues to grow within the sport. Endurance running-related injuries are common in the lower extremities and are primarily overuse related. A multitude of risk factors for injury exist, including extrinsic factors, such as running distance and frequency, and intrinsic factors, such as biomechanics and nutrition status. Training and rehabilitation techniques vary with a general focus on strengthe...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Aditya Raghunandan Jesse N Charnoff Sean T Matsuwaka Source Type: research

Ulnar-Sided Wrist Pain in the Athlete: Sport-Specific Demands, Clinical Presentation, and Management Options
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):312-318. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000853.ABSTRACTUlnar-sided wrist injuries are common in sports that require repeated pronosupination, wrist radial/ulnar deviation, axial loading, and gripping equipment. Common anatomic structures affected include the triangular fibrocartilage complex, extensor carpi ulnaris tendon, distal radioulnar and ulnocarpal joints, and hamate bone. Presenting symptoms include pain with activity, swelling, possible snapping or clicking, and reproduction of symptoms with provocative maneuvers. Imaging may confirm or rule out pathologies, but abnormal findings ...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Jose L Rios-Russo Lianette S Lozada-Bado Sandra de Mel Walter Frontera William Micheo Source Type: research

Neurogenic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome in Athletes - Nonsurgical Treatment Options
This article reviews the controversial NTOS nomenclature, common sites of anatomic compression, and red flag symptoms that require immediate intervention. It also reviews the congenital, traumatic, and functional etiologies of NTOS, with a discussion of the differential diagnosis, diagnostic criteria, and workup for NTOS. Nonsurgical treatment is highlighted with an emphasis on thoracic outlet syndrome-specific physical therapy and updates on injection options and ultrasound guided hydrodissection. This article compares nonsurgical versus surgical functional outcome data with an emphasis on athletes with NTOS. Functional a...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Alexandra Warrick Brian Davis Source Type: research

Achilles Tendinopathy: Evaluation, Rehabilitation, and Prevention
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):327-334. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000855.ABSTRACTAchilles tendinopathy is a common overuse condition that is characterized by degenerative, cumulative tissue microtrauma. It is largely a clinical diagnosis in which the patient typically presents with localized pain that is worse with tendon-loading activities. Imaging modalities may be helpful with the diagnosis of difficult cases or in the planning of interventional procedures. Midportion (noninsertional) and insertional tendinopathy have distinct features and differences for therapeutic paradigms. Overall, Achilles tendinopathy has...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Kristian J von Rickenbach Haylee Borgstrom Adam Tenforde Joanne Borg-Stein Kelly C McInnis Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal Sports Ultrasound
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):277-278. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000847.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34099603 | DOI:10.1249/JSR.0000000000000847 (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Calan Sowa Scott Annett Source Type: research

Deep Gluteal Syndrome: A Pain in the Buttock
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):279-285. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000848.ABSTRACTWhile buttock pain is a common complaint in sports medicine, deep gluteal syndrome (DGS) is a rare entity. DGS has been proposed as a unifying term referring to symptoms attributed to the various pain generators located in this region. While not all-inclusive, the diagnosis of DGS allows for focus on pathology of regionally associated muscles, tendons, and nerves in the clinical evaluation and management of posterior hip and buttock complaints. An understanding of the anatomic structures and their kinematic and topographic relationship...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Yao-Wen Eliot Hu Garry W K Ho Paul D Tortland Source Type: research

Sleep and Injury Risk
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):286-290. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000849.ABSTRACTSleep has been found to have wide-ranging effects on sports performance and overall well-being. Recent research has found evidence relating chronic suboptimal sleep with the risk of musculoskeletal pain and sports injury. The amount of sleep that consistently has been found to be associated with increased risk of injury is ≤7 h of sleep, which when sustained for periods of at least 14 d has been associated with 1.7 times greater risk of musculoskeletal injury. However, it is unknown if sleep loss predisposes the athlete to specific ...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Kevin Huang Joseph Ihm Source Type: research

The National Interscholastic Cycling Association Mountain Biking Injury Surveillance System: 40,000 Student-Athlete-Years of Data
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):291-297. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000850.ABSTRACTA web-based injury surveillance system was implemented through a collaboration between University of Utah researchers and the National Interscholastic Cycling Association (NICA) to better understand injury characteristics in mountain biking. Data were collected from NICA leagues during the 2018 and 2019 seasons. Injuries were tracked in 41,327 student-athlete-years, identifying 1750 unique injuries during 1155 injury events. Rider-dependent and rider-independent variables were analyzed. The most commonly reported injuries were concussi...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Stuart E Willick Meredith Ehn Masaru Teramoto Joshua W B Klatt Jonathan T Finnoff Kristen Saad Daniel M Cushman Source Type: research

Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy in the Management of Sports Medicine Injuries
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):298-305. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000851.ABSTRACTTreatment of musculoskeletal conditions in athletes with extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) is gaining popularity as greater evidence supports its use. ESWT protocols (describing energy flux density, number of impulses, type of shockwave (focused or radial), number/frequency/duration of treatment session, area of application, and postprocedural therapy protocols) can be adjusted in the clinical setting. Protocols vary across studies, and optimal protocols for most indications are yet to be determined. ESWT can safely be used to tr...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Allison N Schroeder Adam S Tenforde Elena J Jelsing Source Type: research

The Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Nonsurgical Treatment of Injuries Related to Endurance Running
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):306-311. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000852.ABSTRACTRunning is a popular form of exercise that is easily accessible to various populations; endurance running, defined as distances beyond 5 km, continues to grow within the sport. Endurance running-related injuries are common in the lower extremities and are primarily overuse related. A multitude of risk factors for injury exist, including extrinsic factors, such as running distance and frequency, and intrinsic factors, such as biomechanics and nutrition status. Training and rehabilitation techniques vary with a general focus on strengthe...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Aditya Raghunandan Jesse N Charnoff Sean T Matsuwaka Source Type: research

Ulnar-Sided Wrist Pain in the Athlete: Sport-Specific Demands, Clinical Presentation, and Management Options
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):312-318. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000853.ABSTRACTUlnar-sided wrist injuries are common in sports that require repeated pronosupination, wrist radial/ulnar deviation, axial loading, and gripping equipment. Common anatomic structures affected include the triangular fibrocartilage complex, extensor carpi ulnaris tendon, distal radioulnar and ulnocarpal joints, and hamate bone. Presenting symptoms include pain with activity, swelling, possible snapping or clicking, and reproduction of symptoms with provocative maneuvers. Imaging may confirm or rule out pathologies, but abnormal findings ...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Jose L Rios-Russo Lianette S Lozada-Bado Sandra de Mel Walter Frontera William Micheo Source Type: research

Neurogenic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome in Athletes - Nonsurgical Treatment Options
This article reviews the controversial NTOS nomenclature, common sites of anatomic compression, and red flag symptoms that require immediate intervention. It also reviews the congenital, traumatic, and functional etiologies of NTOS, with a discussion of the differential diagnosis, diagnostic criteria, and workup for NTOS. Nonsurgical treatment is highlighted with an emphasis on thoracic outlet syndrome-specific physical therapy and updates on injection options and ultrasound guided hydrodissection. This article compares nonsurgical versus surgical functional outcome data with an emphasis on athletes with NTOS. Functional a...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Alexandra Warrick Brian Davis Source Type: research

Achilles Tendinopathy: Evaluation, Rehabilitation, and Prevention
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):327-334. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000855.ABSTRACTAchilles tendinopathy is a common overuse condition that is characterized by degenerative, cumulative tissue microtrauma. It is largely a clinical diagnosis in which the patient typically presents with localized pain that is worse with tendon-loading activities. Imaging modalities may be helpful with the diagnosis of difficult cases or in the planning of interventional procedures. Midportion (noninsertional) and insertional tendinopathy have distinct features and differences for therapeutic paradigms. Overall, Achilles tendinopathy has...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Kristian J von Rickenbach Haylee Borgstrom Adam Tenforde Joanne Borg-Stein Kelly C McInnis Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal Sports Ultrasound
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):277-278. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000847.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34099603 | DOI:10.1249/JSR.0000000000000847 (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Calan Sowa Scott Annett Source Type: research

Deep Gluteal Syndrome: A Pain in the Buttock
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):279-285. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000848.ABSTRACTWhile buttock pain is a common complaint in sports medicine, deep gluteal syndrome (DGS) is a rare entity. DGS has been proposed as a unifying term referring to symptoms attributed to the various pain generators located in this region. While not all-inclusive, the diagnosis of DGS allows for focus on pathology of regionally associated muscles, tendons, and nerves in the clinical evaluation and management of posterior hip and buttock complaints. An understanding of the anatomic structures and their kinematic and topographic relationship...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Yao-Wen Eliot Hu Garry W K Ho Paul D Tortland Source Type: research

Sleep and Injury Risk
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):286-290. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000849.ABSTRACTSleep has been found to have wide-ranging effects on sports performance and overall well-being. Recent research has found evidence relating chronic suboptimal sleep with the risk of musculoskeletal pain and sports injury. The amount of sleep that consistently has been found to be associated with increased risk of injury is ≤7 h of sleep, which when sustained for periods of at least 14 d has been associated with 1.7 times greater risk of musculoskeletal injury. However, it is unknown if sleep loss predisposes the athlete to specific ...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Kevin Huang Joseph Ihm Source Type: research

The National Interscholastic Cycling Association Mountain Biking Injury Surveillance System: 40,000 Student-Athlete-Years of Data
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):291-297. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000850.ABSTRACTA web-based injury surveillance system was implemented through a collaboration between University of Utah researchers and the National Interscholastic Cycling Association (NICA) to better understand injury characteristics in mountain biking. Data were collected from NICA leagues during the 2018 and 2019 seasons. Injuries were tracked in 41,327 student-athlete-years, identifying 1750 unique injuries during 1155 injury events. Rider-dependent and rider-independent variables were analyzed. The most commonly reported injuries were concussi...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Stuart E Willick Meredith Ehn Masaru Teramoto Joshua W B Klatt Jonathan T Finnoff Kristen Saad Daniel M Cushman Source Type: research

Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy in the Management of Sports Medicine Injuries
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):298-305. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000851.ABSTRACTTreatment of musculoskeletal conditions in athletes with extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) is gaining popularity as greater evidence supports its use. ESWT protocols (describing energy flux density, number of impulses, type of shockwave (focused or radial), number/frequency/duration of treatment session, area of application, and postprocedural therapy protocols) can be adjusted in the clinical setting. Protocols vary across studies, and optimal protocols for most indications are yet to be determined. ESWT can safely be used to tr...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Allison N Schroeder Adam S Tenforde Elena J Jelsing Source Type: research

The Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Nonsurgical Treatment of Injuries Related to Endurance Running
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):306-311. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000852.ABSTRACTRunning is a popular form of exercise that is easily accessible to various populations; endurance running, defined as distances beyond 5 km, continues to grow within the sport. Endurance running-related injuries are common in the lower extremities and are primarily overuse related. A multitude of risk factors for injury exist, including extrinsic factors, such as running distance and frequency, and intrinsic factors, such as biomechanics and nutrition status. Training and rehabilitation techniques vary with a general focus on strengthe...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Aditya Raghunandan Jesse N Charnoff Sean T Matsuwaka Source Type: research

Ulnar-Sided Wrist Pain in the Athlete: Sport-Specific Demands, Clinical Presentation, and Management Options
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):312-318. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000853.ABSTRACTUlnar-sided wrist injuries are common in sports that require repeated pronosupination, wrist radial/ulnar deviation, axial loading, and gripping equipment. Common anatomic structures affected include the triangular fibrocartilage complex, extensor carpi ulnaris tendon, distal radioulnar and ulnocarpal joints, and hamate bone. Presenting symptoms include pain with activity, swelling, possible snapping or clicking, and reproduction of symptoms with provocative maneuvers. Imaging may confirm or rule out pathologies, but abnormal findings ...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Jose L Rios-Russo Lianette S Lozada-Bado Sandra de Mel Walter Frontera William Micheo Source Type: research

Neurogenic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome in Athletes - Nonsurgical Treatment Options
This article reviews the controversial NTOS nomenclature, common sites of anatomic compression, and red flag symptoms that require immediate intervention. It also reviews the congenital, traumatic, and functional etiologies of NTOS, with a discussion of the differential diagnosis, diagnostic criteria, and workup for NTOS. Nonsurgical treatment is highlighted with an emphasis on thoracic outlet syndrome-specific physical therapy and updates on injection options and ultrasound guided hydrodissection. This article compares nonsurgical versus surgical functional outcome data with an emphasis on athletes with NTOS. Functional a...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Alexandra Warrick Brian Davis Source Type: research

Achilles Tendinopathy: Evaluation, Rehabilitation, and Prevention
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2021 Jun 1;20(6):327-334. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0000000000000855.ABSTRACTAchilles tendinopathy is a common overuse condition that is characterized by degenerative, cumulative tissue microtrauma. It is largely a clinical diagnosis in which the patient typically presents with localized pain that is worse with tendon-loading activities. Imaging modalities may be helpful with the diagnosis of difficult cases or in the planning of interventional procedures. Midportion (noninsertional) and insertional tendinopathy have distinct features and differences for therapeutic paradigms. Overall, Achilles tendinopathy has...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 8, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Kristian J von Rickenbach Haylee Borgstrom Adam Tenforde Joanne Borg-Stein Kelly C McInnis Source Type: research

Achilles Tendinopathy: Evaluation, Rehabilitation, and Prevention
Achilles tendinopathy is a common overuse condition that is characterized by degenerative, cumulative tissue microtrauma. It is largely a clinical diagnosis in which the patient typically presents with localized pain that is worse with tendon-loading activities. Imaging modalities may be helpful with the diagnosis of difficult cases or in the planning of interventional procedures. Midportion (noninsertional) and insertional tendinopathy have distinct features and differences for therapeutic paradigms. Overall, Achilles tendinopathy has a good clinical prognosis with most patients improving with activity modification and re...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - June 1, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Training, Prevention, and Rehabilitation/Section Articles Source Type: research