Interim Guidance on the Preparticipation Physical Examination for Athletes During the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic
The American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM) convened a writing group to address the current evidence and knowledge gaps regarding preparticipation evaluation of athletes during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. The writing group held a series of meetings beginning in April 2020. The task force reviewed the available literature and used an iterative process and expert consensus to finalize this guidance statement that is intended to provide clinicians with a clinical framework to return athletes of all levels to training and competition during the pandemic. The statement is not intended to address treatment, infection c...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Special Communication Source Type: research

Enthesopathy—An Underappreciated Role in Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis (OA) continues to be a debilitating disease worldwide, to date, no therapies have been definitely proven to modify disease progression or moderate symptom relief long term other than joint replacement. A contributing factor may be the lack of attention to the potential role of the periarticular enthesis and development and progression of OA. The enthesis is the site of attachment for a tendon, ligament, or joint capsule to the bony skeleton, thereby allowing centralized transmission and dissipation of mechanical loads. Because of this design, the enthesis is a site of stress concentration subject to inflamma...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Special Communication Source Type: research

Ultrasound in Trauma and Other Acute Conditions in Sports, Part I
The utility of ultrasound in sports medicine is improving the sports medicine physician's ability to rapidly diagnose and treat a multitude of sports related pathologies. In this article, we clearly outline the current status of the evidence in support of using sports ultrasound in the setting of acute abdominal and thoracic trauma, acute lung illness, limited cardiac evaluation of a collapsed athlete, volume status assessment, and fracture evaluation. (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Special Communication Source Type: research

Overuse Knee Pain in the Pediatric and Adolescent Athlete
Overuse knee pain is common in young athletes. There are many potential overuse injuries which present with insidious onset of pain that can challenge sports medicine providers, including Osgood-Schlatter's disease, patellofemoral syndrome, osteochondritis dissecans, and stress fractures. The differential diagnosis of insidious onset knee pain also includes malignancies, infections, and rheumatologic issues. A thorough history and physical examination can guide the treating provider in making a diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan. Although not always necessary, imaging is often helpful in overuse knee pain, and labora...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Competitive Sports Source Type: research

Traumatic Primary Anterior Glenohumeral Joint Dislocation in Sports: A Systematic Review of Operative versus Nonoperative Management
Anterior shoulder (glenohumeral joint [GHJ]) dislocations are relatively common injuries in sports. Previous studies have evaluated clinical outcomes of operative and nonoperative management for primary traumatic anterior GHJ dislocations. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature in an effort to provide a thorough analysis of patients after undergoing closed reduction of a traumatic anterior GHJ dislocation, particularly among the athletic population. Two independent reviewers performed a comprehensive search of PubMed and the Cochrane Library through February 23, 2020. Unfortunately, the quant...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Competitive Sports Source Type: research

How Sleep Impacts Performance in Youth Athletes
Sleep is an important aspect in the recovery and performance in athletes. Recently, there has been increasing interest in exploring the various affects that sleep has on performance in athletes. Youth athletes represent a unique population in that not only do they have demands in training schedules and training load, but they also have demands in academics. There is a growing body of evidence to suggest that youth athletes do not get the recommended required amount of sleep and that this has negatively affected performance and well-being. The focus of this article is to review the most recent literature over the past year ...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Competitive Sports Source Type: research

Returning to Climb after Epiphyseal Finger Stress Fracture
The number of youth participating in rock climbing has increased over the years. Finger stress epiphyseal fractures are the most common injury among youth climbers. These injuries tend to occur around puberty because this is when the physis is most vulnerable to injury. Additionally, it has been found that intensive finger training (campus boarding, a previously known risk factor for epiphyseal fractures) during adolescence can lead to early-onset osteoarthritis of the hand up to a decade later. There is currently a lack of a return-to-climb protocol for youth climbers following a repetitive stress epiphyseal fracture. Bec...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Competitive Sports Source Type: research

Ultrasound-aided Diagnosis of a Symptomatic Bennett Lesion in a Collegiate Baseball Pitcher
No abstract available (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Exploring the Mechanism for Blister Prevention Using Moleskin
Moleskin is a commonly used material in podiatry and sports medicine for blister prevention and treatment. Common understanding regarding its protective mechanism is reduction of friction at the interface between the foot and the sock/shoe. We argue that moleskin may actually increase friction at this interface, but nonetheless prevents blisters by dispersing shear load within the skin across a wider surface area, reducing potential for skin damage. (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Invited Commentary Source Type: research

Use of Point of Care Ultrasound during Shoulder Reduction
No abstract available (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Clinical Procedure Source Type: research

Web Alert
No abstract available (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Web Alert Source Type: research

Updates on Heat Stroke, Carbon Monoxide, and Muscle Cramping
No abstract available (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Pearls and Pitfalls Source Type: research

ACSM's Clinician Profile
No abstract available (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: ACSM Clinician Profile Source Type: research

ACSM's Clinician Profile.
PMID: 33156026 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Tish LA Tags: Curr Sports Med Rep Source Type: research

Updates on Heat Stroke, Carbon Monoxide, and Muscle Cramping.
PMID: 33156027 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Eichner ER Tags: Curr Sports Med Rep Source Type: research

Use of Point of Care Ultrasound during Shoulder Reduction.
PMID: 33156028 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Dasburg KA, Vincent KR Tags: Curr Sports Med Rep Source Type: research

Exploring the Mechanism for Blister Prevention Using Moleskin.
Abstract Moleskin is a commonly used material in podiatry and sports medicine for blister prevention and treatment. Common understanding regarding its protective mechanism is reduction of friction at the interface between the foot and the sock/shoe. We argue that moleskin may actually increase friction at this interface, but nonetheless prevents blisters by dispersing shear load within the skin across a wider surface area, reducing potential for skin damage. PMID: 33156029 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Rushton RJ Tags: Curr Sports Med Rep Source Type: research

Ultrasound-aided Diagnosis of a Symptomatic Bennett Lesion in a Collegiate Baseball Pitcher.
PMID: 33156030 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Negaard M, Hall MM, Wolf B, Hogrefe C Tags: Curr Sports Med Rep Source Type: research

Returning to Climb after Epiphyseal Finger Stress Fracture.
AJ Abstract The number of youth participating in rock climbing has increased over the years. Finger stress epiphyseal fractures are the most common injury among youth climbers. These injuries tend to occur around puberty because this is when the physis is most vulnerable to injury. Additionally, it has been found that intensive finger training (campus boarding, a previously known risk factor for epiphyseal fractures) during adolescence can lead to early-onset osteoarthritis of the hand up to a decade later. There is currently a lack of a return-to-climb protocol for youth climbers following a repetitive stress ep...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Meyers RN, Schöffl VR, Mei-Dan O, Provance AJ Tags: Curr Sports Med Rep Source Type: research

How Sleep Impacts Performance in Youth Athletes.
Abstract Sleep is an important aspect in the recovery and performance in athletes. Recently, there has been increasing interest in exploring the various affects that sleep has on performance in athletes. Youth athletes represent a unique population in that not only do they have demands in training schedules and training load, but they also have demands in academics. There is a growing body of evidence to suggest that youth athletes do not get the recommended required amount of sleep and that this has negatively affected performance and well-being. The focus of this article is to review the most recent literature o...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Riederer MF Tags: Curr Sports Med Rep Source Type: research

Traumatic Primary Anterior Glenohumeral Joint Dislocation in Sports: A Systematic Review of Operative versus Nonoperative Management.
Abstract Anterior shoulder (glenohumeral joint [GHJ]) dislocations are relatively common injuries in sports. Previous studies have evaluated clinical outcomes of operative and nonoperative management for primary traumatic anterior GHJ dislocations. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature in an effort to provide a thorough analysis of patients after undergoing closed reduction of a traumatic anterior GHJ dislocation, particularly among the athletic population. Two independent reviewers performed a comprehensive search of PubMed and the Cochrane Library through February 23, 2020. Unfort...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Kraeutler MJ, Belk JW, Carver TJ, McCarty EC, Khodaee M Tags: Curr Sports Med Rep Source Type: research

Overuse Knee Pain in the Pediatric and Adolescent Athlete.
Abstract Overuse knee pain is common in young athletes. There are many potential overuse injuries which present with insidious onset of pain that can challenge sports medicine providers, including Osgood-Schlatter's disease, patellofemoral syndrome, osteochondritis dissecans, and stress fractures. The differential diagnosis of insidious onset knee pain also includes malignancies, infections, and rheumatologic issues. A thorough history and physical examination can guide the treating provider in making a diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan. Although not always necessary, imaging is often helpful in overuse kne...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Sweeney E, Rodenberg R, MacDonald J Tags: Curr Sports Med Rep Source Type: research

Ultrasound in Trauma and Other Acute Conditions in Sports, Part I.
Abstract The utility of ultrasound in sports medicine is improving the sports medicine physician's ability to rapidly diagnose and treat a multitude of sports related pathologies. In this article, we clearly outline the current status of the evidence in support of using sports ultrasound in the setting of acute abdominal and thoracic trauma, acute lung illness, limited cardiac evaluation of a collapsed athlete, volume status assessment, and fracture evaluation. PMID: 33156035 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Hahn M, Ray J, Hall MM, Coe I, Situ-LaCasse E, Waterbrook AL Tags: Curr Sports Med Rep Source Type: research

Enthesopathy-An Underappreciated Role in Osteoarthritis?
Abstract Osteoarthritis (OA) continues to be a debilitating disease worldwide, to date, no therapies have been definitely proven to modify disease progression or moderate symptom relief long term other than joint replacement. A contributing factor may be the lack of attention to the potential role of the periarticular enthesis and development and progression of OA. The enthesis is the site of attachment for a tendon, ligament, or joint capsule to the bony skeleton, thereby allowing centralized transmission and dissipation of mechanical loads. Because of this design, the enthesis is a site of stress concentration s...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Greif DN, Emerson CP, Jose J, Toumi H, Best TM Tags: Curr Sports Med Rep Source Type: research

Interim Guidance on the Preparticipation Physical Examination for Athletes During the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic.
Abstract The American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM) convened a writing group to address the current evidence and knowledge gaps regarding preparticipation evaluation of athletes during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. The writing group held a series of meetings beginning in April 2020. The task force reviewed the available literature and used an iterative process and expert consensus to finalize this guidance statement that is intended to provide clinicians with a clinical framework to return athletes of all levels to training and competition during the pandemic. The statement is not intended to address trea...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Diamond AB, Narducci DM, Roberts WO, Bernhardt DT, LaBella CR, Moffatt KA, Nuti R, Powell AP, Rooks YL, Zaremski JL Tags: Curr Sports Med Rep Source Type: research

Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome of the Leg Management Is Changing: Where Are We and Where Are We Going?
Chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) is one of the wide range of causes of exercise-related leg pain in athletes. It is defined as a transient increase in compartment pressures during activity, which causes pain, because of the inability of the fascial compartments to accommodate and is usually relieved by cessation of exercise. Exercise-induced leg pain in the athletic population is a common complaint, with reports of up to 15% of all runners arriving to initial evaluation with this presentation. Often, this lower-extremity exertional pain is grouped into the common term of “shin splints” by athletes...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - October 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Special Communication Source Type: research

The Psychological Burden of Retirement from Sport
Participation in sport is associated with numerous physical and psychological health benefits, but also can have negative consequences, such as career ending injuries, which may have long-term effects on mental health. Recent research suggests that involuntary retirement, due to injury, illness, or being cut from a sport, can be particularly detrimental. As such, this review focuses on the impact athletic retirement has on the psychological well-being of collegiate athletes. We provide an algorithm to inform clinical decision making regarding involuntary retirement, as well as recommendations for the development of support...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - October 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Special Communication Source Type: research

Common Injuries in Whitewater Rafting, Kayaking, Canoeing, and Stand-Up Paddle Boarding
Paddle sports continue to be popular forms of outdoor recreation in the United States and around the world. This includes not only the more traditional sports of rafting, kayaking, and canoeing but also the newer and growing sport of stand-up paddle boarding. Because these sports are based in an aquatic environment, and frequently whitewater, there are unique, significant risks of injury. Overall, injuries in paddling sports are mostly musculoskeletal and are both acute and chronic in nature. Some injuries, such as environmental and head injuries, are especially problematic because they can lead to serious morbidity and mo...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - October 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Sport-specific Illness and Injury Source Type: research

Common and Less Well-known Upper-limb Injuries in Elite Tennis Players
This article reviews the common upper-limb injuries in elite players and includes less well known, but important, injuries. A search was conducted to identify current relevant studies involving elite tennis players. Injury frequency rates, injuries by regions, and types of injuries together with a list of commonly reported injuries in the upper limb were established. This list was then reviewed and refined by a sports medicine physician who cares for elite tennis players to include both those injuries of the upper limb that are common and those that are less well known but still important and frequently encountered. Common...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - October 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Sport-specific Illness and Injury Source Type: research

Pickleball: Review and Clinical Recommendations for this Fast-growing Sport
Pickleball is a single or doubles volley sport played with paddles and ball on a hardcourt. Growing in popularity in recent years, injuries can occur similar to racquet sports; however, there is a scarcity of references in the literature for sports medicine providers encountering these athletes and injuries. This review provides clinicians treating pickleball athletes with an overview of the sport, a case study demonstrating the significant injuries that can occur in pickleball, and a review of the available literature. We provide a discussion on common pickleball injuries, injury prevention strategies, and event coverage ...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - October 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Sport-specific Illness and Injury Source Type: research

Bone Pain in a Soccer Athlete: Chronic Nonbacterial Osteomyelitis
No abstract available (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - October 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Medial Malleolar Bursitis in an Elite Competitive Alpine Skier: A Case Report
No abstract available (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - October 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Key Steps to Implementing Physical Activity into Health Professional Training Programs
No abstract available (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - October 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Invited Commentary Source Type: research

Something Old, Something New, Something for the Marathon for the Red, White, and Blue
No abstract available (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - October 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Invited Commentary Source Type: research

Occipital Nerve Block for the Assessment of Delayed Recovery from Concussion
No abstract available (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - October 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Clinical Procedure Source Type: research

Basic Nutrition for Sports Participation, Part 1: Diet Composition, Macronutrients, and Hydration
No abstract available (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - October 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: CAQ Review Source Type: research

Latest Clinical Research Published by ACSM
No abstract available (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - October 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Scanning Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Basic Nutrition for Sports Participation, Part 1: Diet Composition, Macronutrients, and Hydration.
PMID: 33031200 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - October 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Grozenski A, Kiel J Tags: Curr Sports Med Rep Source Type: research

Occipital Nerve Block for the Assessment of Delayed Recovery from Concussion.
PMID: 33031201 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - October 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Laguerre M, McGargill S, Herman DC Tags: Curr Sports Med Rep Source Type: research

Something Old, Something New, Something for the Marathon for the Red, White, and Blue.
PMID: 33031202 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - October 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Sedgley MD, Hudson K, Madsen CM, OʼConnor FG Tags: Curr Sports Med Rep Source Type: research

Key Steps to Implementing Physical Activity into Health Professional Training Programs.
PMID: 33031203 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - October 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Pojednic R, Stoutenberg M Tags: Curr Sports Med Rep Source Type: research

Medial Malleolar Bursitis in an Elite Competitive Alpine Skier: A Case Report.
l;rri J PMID: 33031204 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - October 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Fröhlich S, Zimmermann SM, Sutter R, Frey WO, Spörri J Tags: Curr Sports Med Rep Source Type: research

Bone Pain in a Soccer Athlete: Chronic Nonbacterial Osteomyelitis.
PMID: 33031205 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - October 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Daley MM, Stracciolini A Tags: Curr Sports Med Rep Source Type: research

Pickleball: Review and Clinical Recommendations for this Fast-growing Sport.
Abstract Pickleball is a single or doubles volley sport played with paddles and ball on a hardcourt. Growing in popularity in recent years, injuries can occur similar to racquet sports; however, there is a scarcity of references in the literature for sports medicine providers encountering these athletes and injuries. This review provides clinicians treating pickleball athletes with an overview of the sport, a case study demonstrating the significant injuries that can occur in pickleball, and a review of the available literature. We provide a discussion on common pickleball injuries, injury prevention strategies, a...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - October 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Vitale K, Liu S Tags: Curr Sports Med Rep Source Type: research

Common and Less Well-known Upper-limb Injuries in Elite Tennis Players.
This article reviews the common upper-limb injuries in elite players and includes less well known, but important, injuries. A search was conducted to identify current relevant studies involving elite tennis players. Injury frequency rates, injuries by regions, and types of injuries together with a list of commonly reported injuries in the upper limb were established. This list was then reviewed and refined by a sports medicine physician who cares for elite tennis players to include both those injuries of the upper limb that are common and those that are less well known but still important and frequently encountered. Common...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - October 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Shannon N, Cable B, Wood T, Kelly J Tags: Curr Sports Med Rep Source Type: research

Common Injuries in Whitewater Rafting, Kayaking, Canoeing, and Stand-Up Paddle Boarding.
Abstract Paddle sports continue to be popular forms of outdoor recreation in the United States and around the world. This includes not only the more traditional sports of rafting, kayaking, and canoeing but also the newer and growing sport of stand-up paddle boarding. Because these sports are based in an aquatic environment, and frequently whitewater, there are unique, significant risks of injury. Overall, injuries in paddling sports are mostly musculoskeletal and are both acute and chronic in nature. Some injuries, such as environmental and head injuries, are especially problematic because they can lead to seriou...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - October 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Spittler J, Gillum R, DeSanto K Tags: Curr Sports Med Rep Source Type: research

The Psychological Burden of Retirement from Sport.
Abstract Participation in sport is associated with numerous physical and psychological health benefits, but also can have negative consequences, such as career ending injuries, which may have long-term effects on mental health. Recent research suggests that involuntary retirement, due to injury, illness, or being cut from a sport, can be particularly detrimental. As such, this review focuses on the impact athletic retirement has on the psychological well-being of collegiate athletes. We provide an algorithm to inform clinical decision making regarding involuntary retirement, as well as recommendations for the deve...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - October 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Esopenko C, Coury JR, Pieroth EM, Noble JM, Trofa DP, Bottiglieri TS Tags: Curr Sports Med Rep Source Type: research

Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome of the Leg Management Is Changing: Where Are We and Where Are We Going?
Abstract Chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) is one of the wide range of causes of exercise-related leg pain in athletes. It is defined as a transient increase in compartment pressures during activity, which causes pain, because of the inability of the fascial compartments to accommodate and is usually relieved by cessation of exercise. Exercise-induced leg pain in the athletic population is a common complaint, with reports of up to 15% of all runners arriving to initial evaluation with this presentation. Often, this lower-extremity exertional pain is grouped into the common term of "shin splints&q...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - October 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Nwakibu U, Schwarzman G, Zimmermann WO, Hutchinson MR Tags: Curr Sports Med Rep Source Type: research

Concussions in Ice Hockey — Moving Toward Objective Diagnoses and Point-of-care Treatment: A Review
The incidence of sport-related concussion coupled with a doubling of the participation rate in youth hockey over the past two decades provides impetus for the review of the most promising concussion treatment options. This narrative review summarizes the future treatment options for sport-related concussions in ice hockey, while acknowledging their generalizability to concussion in all sports. Symptom assessment, sign observation, as well as cognitive and balance testing, have historically been used to diagnose a concussion. These methods continue to improve, but the need for effective treatments is clear. Pharmacologic, t...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - September 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Extremity and Joint Conditions/Special Communications Source Type: research

Medicine in the Sport of Horse Racing
Horseracing is among the most popular and increasingly lucrative industry sports in the nation. The average jockey must control a thoroughbred horse 10 times their weight that may act unpredictably whether at rest or full gallop resulting in falls, kicks, or even biting injuries. Despite the risks, jockeys do not have access to the same quality of medical care that is standard in similarly profitable sports organizations. Beyond the mental and physical demands of training and performance endured by any professional athlete, jockeys are confronted with health challenges unique to their sport. In this review of the literatur...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - September 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Extremity and Joint Conditions/Special Communications Source Type: research