Systematic analysis of global health research funding in Canada, 2000-2016.
CONCLUSION: Global health research has seen steady increases in funding from CIHR's open competitions when preceded by investment in strategic competitions, which suggests the level of a national research funding agency's strategic investments in global health research may determine the size of the field in their country. The greatest concentration of past investment lies in health equity research, followed by infectious disease research. Future analyses of research funding would benefit from an internationally accepted keyword classification scheme and more granular administrative data. PMID: 31696423 [PubMed - as su...
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - November 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Hoffman SJ, Gunn E, Rogers Van Katwyk S, Nixon S Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Implementing public policy in a non-directive manner: capacities from an intermediary organization.
This article traces the implementation of this law, which requires service-provider organizations to base their actions (planning, prevention, and curative activities) upon the expressed and non-expressed needs of the local population. We investigate a case in the province of Québec that took place over more than 10 years. INTERVENTION: The state strategy involved a key structure: an intermediary organization named IPCDC/KSCDI. We first describe how the organization emerged; the expertise involved from the academic, service, and policy domains; the support provided to service-provider organizations; and th...
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - October 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Smits P, Denis JL, Couturier Y, Touati N, Roy D, Boucher G, Rochon J Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Store patterns of availability and price of food and beverage products across a rural region of Newfoundland and Labrador.
CONCLUSIONS: Food availability and prices varied in this rural region, but with limited differences between stores of different types. More research is needed on measuring rural environmental determinants of diet in Canada. PMID: 31667780 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - October 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mah CL, Taylor N Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Making sense of what exactly public health does: a typology of public health interventions.
This article briefly describes the efforts made to classify public health practice, introduces a typology of public health interventions and discusses its application and benefits. OUTCOMES: The typology that was developed defines 29 types of interventions grouped into four categories: direct action targeting the population; advocacy (persuading partners to take action); support (helping partners take action); collaboration (taking action with partners). The analysis of Montreal's most recent action plan, completely drafted in terms of the typology, provides an insightful characterization of public health practice. Gl...
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - October 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Litvak E, Dufour R, Leblanc É, Kaiser D, Mercure SA, Nguyen CT, Thibeault L Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

How much evidence is enough? A public health perspective on evidence-informed tobacco policy.
PMID: 31659651 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - October 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Schwartz R Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

The unique contribution of a local response group in the field investigation and management of a trichinellosis outbreak in Nunavik (Qu ébec, Canada).
The unique contribution of a local response group in the field investigation and management of a trichinellosis outbreak in Nunavik (Québec, Canada). Can J Public Health. 2019 Oct 21;: Authors: Ducrocq J, Proulx JF, Simard M, Lévesque B, Iqaluk M, Elijassiapik L, Ningiuk E, Perkins P, Jacques S, Lemire M Abstract SETTING: Consumption of raw game meats is important for Inuit health and well-being but may sometimes increase risk of exposure to parasites. In Nunavik, following trichinellosis outbreaks in the 1980s caused by raw walrus consumption, a diagnostic test was developed for the reg...
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - October 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ducrocq J, Proulx JF, Simard M, Lévesque B, Iqaluk M, Elijassiapik L, Ningiuk E, Perkins P, Jacques S, Lemire M Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Smoking behaviour among nurses in Ontario: cross-sectional results from the Champlain Nurses' Study.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Nurses comprise the largest professional group within the Canadian health care workforce. We aimed to assess the prevalence and correlates of smoking among nurses. METHODS: The Champlain Nurses' Study was a multi-centre, observational study that evaluated the physical activity levels and health of hospital-based nurses. Participants completed a series of self-report questionnaires addressing a variety of health indicators including smoking status and smoking history. Multi-level modelling was used to examine variability in smoking status across hospital sites and to identify correlate...
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - October 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: LeBlanc AG, Prince SA, Reid RD, Pipe AL, Mullen KA, Reed JL Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Risk factors associated with group A Streptococcus acquisition in a large, urban homeless shelter outbreak.
CONCLUSION: The outbreak investigation clearly demonstrated the need for improved wound care and infection prevention and control practices, for early screening and detection of skin and soft tissue infections, and for a comprehensive, integrated electronic information system in homeless shelters. PMID: 31605295 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - October 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Dohoo C, Stuart R, Finkelstein M, Bradley K, Gournis E Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

The geographic and demographic distribution of residential fires, related injuries, and deaths in four Canadian provinces.
CONCLUSION: These findings represent an important step forward in identifying the most vulnerable municipalities and populations to inform evidence-based cross-provincial efforts to reduce the societal burden of residential fires. PMID: 31598873 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - October 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Beaulieu E, Smith J, Zheng A, Pike I Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

The Young Canadians Roundtable on Health: promising practices for youth and adults working in partnership.
Abstract SETTING: Canadian youth (aged 15-29 years) are more diverse, educated, connected and socially engaged than ever before. However, many face health-related challenges, including mental health problems (10-20%), substance use concerns (14%) and obesity (45%). INTERVENTION: The Young Canadians Roundtable on Health (YCRH) was created in 2013 to be Canada's youth voice on health. Supported by the Sandbox Project, this youth-led advisory works primarily virtually, leading advocacy projects and wide-ranging health initiatives. OUTCOMES: Youth and adult allies engaged in a participatory research eva...
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - October 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ramey HL, Rayner ME, Mahdy SS, Lawford HL, Lanctot J, Campbell M, Valenzuela E, Miller J, Hazlett V Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Health-related quality of life and economic burden to smoking behaviour among Canadians.
CONCLUSION: Tobacco control, prevention and intervention not only will improve HRQoL but also will generate social returns on investment. PMID: 31493265 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - September 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Cui Y, Forget EL, Torabi M, Oguzoglu U, Ohinmaa A, Zhu Y Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Population-level estimates of workplace exposure to secondhand smoke in Canada.
CONCLUSION: Workplace SHS exposure persists. The findings can help prioritize high-risk groups for interventions and inform studies of the burden of occupational disease. Further characterization of exposure is needed to better inform enforcement and prevention. PMID: 31489599 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - September 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Rydz E, Arrandale VH, Peters CE Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Racial/ethnic variations in gestational weight gain: a population-based study in Ontario.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To explore inadequate and excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) among pregnant women of different racial/ethnic backgrounds in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: A population-based retrospective cohort study was conducted among women who had prenatal screening and had a singleton birth in an Ontario hospital between April 2016 and March 2017. We estimated adjusted risk ratios (aRR) of racial/ethnic differences for inadequate or excessive GWG using multinomial logistic regression models. Interaction effects were examined to determine whether racial/ethnic difference in GWG varied by pre-...
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - August 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Guo Y, Miao Q, Huang T, Fell DB, Harvey ALJ, Wen SW, Walker M, Gaudet L Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Caract ériser l'environnement alimentaire d'une municipalité régionale de comté pour identifier les zones prioritaires d'intervention en matière de sécurité alimentaire.
CONCLUSION: Presenting geographical analyses to local stakeholders improved the characterization of the studied food environment. The use of a mixed methodology has enabled the particularities of the rural environment to be better accounted for and has facilitated intersectoral mobilization around food insecurity at the regional level. PMID: 31452113 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - August 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Morissette-Desjardins A, Provencher V, Lebel A Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

The syndemic effect of HIV/HCV co-infection and mental health disorders on acute care hospitalization rate among people living with HIV/AIDS: a population-based retrospective cohort study.
CONCLUSION: The HIV/HCV co-infection and MHD interaction demonstrated a significant effect on the rate of acute care hospitalization, particularly for PLW-HIV/HCV with MHD. Implementing widely accessible integrative care model best practices may address this public health challenge. PMID: 31441005 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - August 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: St-Jean M, Tafessu H, Closson K, Patterson TL, Lavergne MR, Elefante J, Ti L, Hull MW, Hogg RS, Barrios R, Shoveller JA, Montaner JSG, Lima VD Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Unmet health needs and discrimination by healthcare providers among an Indigenous population in Toronto, Canada.
CONCLUSION: This analysis provides new evidence linking discrimination in healthcare settings to disparities in healthcare access among urban Indigenous people, reinforcing existing recommendations regarding Indigenous cultural safety training for healthcare providers. Our study further demonstrates Our Health Counts methodologies, which employ robust community partnerships and RDS to address gaps in health information for urban Indigenous populations. PMID: 31435849 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - August 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kitching GT, Firestone M, Schei B, Wolfe S, Bourgeois C, O'Campo P, Rotondi M, Nisenbaum R, Maddox R, Smylie J Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

The future burden of obesity in Canada: a modelling study.
CONCLUSIONS: OPoRT can be used to estimate the future population burden of obesity, to identify priority subgroups at an elevated risk. Burden estimates should be reflected in approaches to curb the future burden of obesity. PMID: 31429040 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - August 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: O'Neill M, Kornas K, Rosella L Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Cost-benefit analysis of a population-based education program on the wise use of antibiotics.
The objective of this study was to estimate the impact of the program on antibiotic-associated costs and cost-benefit. METHODS: We used data on antibiotic prescription and costs from BC PharmaNet for the period of 1996 to 2014. We conducted interrupted time series regression to formally interpret the impact of the DBND program. RESULTS: The average monthly prescription rate fell by 14.5%, from 54.3 to 46.4 per 1000 population between 2005 and 2014. The proportionate contribution of macrolide prescription decreased from 19.2% in 2005 to 13.2% in 2014 and for quinolones decreased from 13.1% in 2005 to 12% in 2014. ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - August 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mamun A, Zhao B, McCabe M, Dreher K, Otterstatter M, Smith N, Blondel-Hill E, Marra F, Patrick DM Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to: A comparison of the observed and expected prevalence of HIV in persons released from Ontario provincial prisons in 2010.
Abstract The Acknowledgements section was inadvertently omitted from this article; it appears in its entirety below. PMID: 31368037 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - July 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Van Meer R, Antoniou T, McCormack D, Khanna S, Kendall C, Kiefer L, Kouyoumdjian FG Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

What is the relative impact of primary health care quality and conditional cash transfer program in child mortality?
CONCLUSION: This exploration represents one of the first investigations into the role of PHC system quality, and how it is related to health outcomes, while also considering PHC and conditional cash transfer program coverage. Quality of PHC, measured by work process variables, plays an important role in child mortality. Efforts on PHC quality and coverage, as well as on CCT program coverage, are important to child mortality reduction. Therefore, this is an important finding to other PHC public health services. PMID: 31359297 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - July 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Vieira-Meyer APGF, de Araújo Dias MS, Vasconcelos MIO, Rouberte ESC, de Almeida AMB, de Albuquerque Pinheiro TX, de Lima Saintrain MV, Machado MFAS, Dufault S, Reynolds SA, Fernald L Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Translation of school-learned health behaviours into the home: student insights through photovoice.
CONCLUSION: This study illustrates students' abilities to positively impact the home environment as a result of their involvement in CSH. Student leadership and independence should be promoted and emphasized in CSH to facilitate transition of health behaviours into the home environment. PMID: 31309443 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - July 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: McKernan C, Montemurro G, Chahal H, Veugelers PJ, Gleddie D, Storey KE Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Latent tuberculosis treatment completion rates from prescription drug administrative data.
CONCLUSIONS: Benchmark 80% treatment completion rates were not achieved in Manitoba. Factors associated with non-completion were older age, INH270, and RIF120. Access to shorter LTBI treatments, such as rifapentine/INH, may improve treatment completion. PMID: 31297736 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - July 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Plourde PJ, Basham CA, Derksen S, Schultz J, McCulloch S, Larcombe L, Kinew KA, Lix LM Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Addressing the needs of rural and remote people in a national dementia strategy for Canada.
Abstract A number of organizations such as the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences have identified the growing need for a National Dementia Strategy in Canada to improve the quality of life for people with dementia. This commentary highlights the necessity of addressing stigma, social inclusion, and supports for people affected by dementia, specifically those living in rural and remote communities. Drawing on Saskatchewan-based examples, we discuss the importance of recognizing the unique needs of rural and remote communities in developing a National Dementia Strategy for Canada. We believe that a national strateg...
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - July 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Bacsu J, Novik N, Johnson S, Viger M, McIntosh T, Jeffery B, Muhajarine N, Hackett P Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

The need for political will to reduce poverty in Canada.
PMID: 31292896 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - July 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Potvin L Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Tuberculosis among northern Manitoba First Nations, 2008-2012: program performance on- and off-reserve.
The objectives of this study were to: (1) report tuberculosis (TB) program performance for northern First Nations in the province of Manitoba; (2) present methods for TB program performance measurement using routinely collected surveillance data; and (3) advance dialogue on performance measurement of Canadian TB programs. METHODS: Data on a retrospective cohort of people diagnosed with TB in Manitoba between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2010, and their contacts, were extracted from the Manitoba TB Registry. Performance measures based on US-CDC were analyzed. Adjusted probability ratios (aPR) and 95%...
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - July 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Basham CA, Elias B, Fanning A, Orr P Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Assessment of the Air Quality Health Index (AQHI) and four alternate AQHI-Plus amendments for wildfire seasons in British Columbia.
CONCLUSION: Individuals with common respiratory conditions such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are particularly susceptible to wildfire smoke. As such, the 1-h PM2.5Only AQHI-Plus amendment was recommended for communicating about potential health effects of air quality during wildfire seasons in BC. PMID: 31286460 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - July 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Yao J, Stieb DM, Taylor E, Henderson SB Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Tuberculosis in Canada and the United States: a review of trends from 1953 to 2015.
CONCLUSION: Case definition change and HIV coinfection contributed to the 1980 US rate increase. TB rates decreased in both countries from 1997, but more rapidly in the USA. The Canada proportion of foreign-born and Indigenous populations was higher. When US rates were standardized by Canada ethnic distribution, the national rates were similar. Further exploration of factors contributing to differences between these countries is needed. PMID: 31286461 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - July 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Essien SK, Epp T, Waldner C, Wobeser W, Hoeppner V Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Systems approaches to population health in Canada: how have they been applied, and what are the insights and future implications for practice?
CONCLUSION: There is a need to build capacity among practitioners for more widespread adoption and use of systems approaches. Population health professionals need to move beyond reductionist approaches, generate more case examples, and use an iterative evaluation approach that prioritizes the application of processes. This will provide further insight into the usefulness of systems approaches as effective methods to address complex health problems. PMID: 31286462 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - July 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Zukowski N, Davidson S, Yates MJ Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Frontier injustice: the American threat to Canada's drug supply.
This article underscores the need for Canada to take action to protect its supply of patented medicines, and suggests possible forms such action might take. PMID: 31286463 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - July 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Houston AR, Attaran A Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

A comparison of the observed and expected prevalence of HIV in persons released from Ontario provincial prisons in 2010.
CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that a high proportion of persons with HIV recently released from provincial prisons either do not know they have HIV infection or do know about their infection but are not engaged in care. Interventions are required to screen people for HIV in prison and to link persons with care following release. PMID: 31250354 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - June 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Van Meer R, Antoniou T, McCormack D, Khanna S, Kendall C, Kiefer L, Kouyoumdjian FG Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Health promotion in the workplaces: fostering resilience in times of organizational change.
CONCLUSION: These results support workplace health promotion to foster employee health, particularly in the lower spectrum of the healthcare system hierarchy. PMID: 31222616 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - June 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Roy M, Simard R, Anaïs F, Généreux M Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

HIV diagnoses and testing patterns among young gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men: an analysis of HIV surveillance data in British Columbia, 2008-2015.
We examined changes in HIV testing indicators following a recent increase in diagnoses among young gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) in BC that accompanied implementation of a provincial HIV strategy. METHOD: Surveillance and laboratory testing data were used to compare case counts and testing characteristics among GBMSM
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - June 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Iles L, Consolacion T, Wong J, Grennan T, Gilbert M, Prescott C, Moore D Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Achievement of hepatitis C cascade of care milestones: a population-level analysis in Alberta, Canada.
CONCLUSION: At each stage of patient engagement, opportunities for improvement were identified. Understanding the local cascade of care and factors associated with achieving cascade milestones will help prioritize initiatives to facilitate access to DAA therapy in Alberta. PMID: 31222618 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - June 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: O'Neil CR, Buss E, Plitt S, Osman M, Coffin CS, Charlton CL, Shafran S Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Injury-related health services use and mortality among M étis people in Alberta.
Injury-related health services use and mortality among Métis people in Alberta. Can J Public Health. 2019 Jun 19;: Authors: Sanchez-Ramirez DC, Chen Y, Randall JR, Sporidis MJ, Svenson L, Voaklander B, Voaklander D Abstract OBJECTIVES: To examine injury-related health services use, defined as hospital admissions and emergency department (ED) visits, as well as mortality among Métis people in Alberta, and to compare those results with the entire Alberta population. METHODS: This population-based descriptive epidemiological research used administrative data maintained by the Alberta M...
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - June 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sanchez-Ramirez DC, Chen Y, Randall JR, Sporidis MJ, Svenson L, Voaklander B, Voaklander D Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Trends in socio-economic inequalities in bladder cancer incidence in Canada: 1992-2010.
CONCLUSION: The concentration of bladder cancer in Canada is growing among the socio-economically disadvantaged population. Further studies are required to help elucidate causal relationships between socio-economic status and bladder cancer incidence in Canada. PMID: 31209789 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - June 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Densmore R, Hajizadeh M, Hu M Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to: Availability of legalized cannabis reduces demand for illegal cannabis among Canadian cannabis users: evidence from a behavioural economic substitution paradigm.
Abstract The published version of Fig. 1 contained a mistake in the colour scale for the vertical lines and corresponding labels for the Pmax values. PMID: 31187462 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Amlung M, MacKillop J Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Sex workers' experiences and occupational conditions post-implementation of end-demand criminalization in Metro Vancouver, Canada.
CONCLUSIONS: Most SWs reported no change in working conditions and one quarter reported negative changes, suggesting that PCEPA may be failing to advance sex workers' safety. Im/migrants, women experiencing workplace violence, and those facing criminalization were most likely to report negative impacts. Decriminalization of all aspects of sex work is needed to support well-being, health, and safety. PMID: 31183630 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - June 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Machat S, Shannon K, Braschel M, Moreheart S, Goldenberg SM Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Public health matters-but we need to make the case.
PMID: 31140139 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - May 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: McLaren L, Hancock T Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Why public health matters today.
PMID: 31140140 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - May 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Hancock T, McLaren L Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Will district health centres use preloaded cell phones for pre-referral phone calls for women in labour: a randomized pilot study at Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital in southwest Uganda.
PMID: 31140141 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - May 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kanyesigye H, Muhwezi O, Kazungu C, Kemigisha E, Woolcott C Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Weight stigma and physical health: an unconsidered 'obesity' cost : Letter to the Editor: Response to Singh et al. (2018). Is there more to the equation? Weight bias and the costs of obesity. Canadian Journal of Public Health. https://doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0146-2. Online first: 26 October 2018.
PMID: 31140142 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - May 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Meadows A Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Convergence of chronic and infectious diseases: a new direction in public health policy.
PMID: 31140143 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - May 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Badawi A, Drebot M, Ogden NH Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Protective or risky? The longitudinal association of team sports participation and health-related behaviours in Canadian adolescent girls.
CONCLUSION: Team sport participation outside of school settings is risky for prospective health-related behaviours in adolescent girls. Our findings highlight the need for investing in tailored participation initiatives that also consider how to prevent harmful substance use. PMID: 31140144 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - May 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lau EY, Riazi NA, Qian W, Leatherdale ST, Faulkner G Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluating the Manitoba Infant Feeding Database: a Canadian infant feeding surveillance system.
CONCLUSION: Results from this evaluation suggest that the MIFD data collection process worked well; however, data validation will require human resources. The MIFD approach provides a sustainable mechanism for collecting data on infant feeding for surveillance and research purposes. PMID: 31102235 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - May 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Paul JA, Chateau J, Green C, Warda L, Heaman M, Katz A, Perchuk C, Larocque L, Lee JB, Nickel NC Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Age, period, and cohort effects for future employment, sickness absence, and disability pension by occupational gender segregation: a population-based study of all employed people in a country ( >  3 million).
CONCLUSION: Differences between people in the five categories of gender-segregated occupations decreased over time. Although age and period are important when explaining the outcome, also birth cohort effects have to be considered, both from a public and an occupational health perspective. PMID: 31089982 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - May 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gonäs L, Wikman A, Alexanderson K, Gustafsson K Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Cannabis legalization in the provinces and territories: missing opportunities to effectively educate youth?
Abstract Cannabis is now legal in Canada, yet important questions remain regarding how the provinces and territories are approaching cannabis education and messaging aimed at youth. Although widespread education and awareness campaigns are long considered cornerstones of substance use and related harm prevention, there is limited evidence to support the effectiveness of such campaigns. We continue to see examples of cannabis-related messaging that focus on risk and harm and often adopt a narrow view of the ways in which young people may use cannabis. This traditional risk-based messaging does not resonate with how...
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - May 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Watson TM, Valleriani J, Hyshka E, Rueda S Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

The role of structural violence in family homelessness.
CONCLUSION: The authors propose systems-level changes rooted in trauma-informed approaches to facilitate a sustainable exit from homelessness for mothers and their children. PMID: 31077070 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - May 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Milaney K, Lockerbie SL, Fang XY, Ramage K Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Maternal infection with Zika virus and prevalence of congenital disorders in infants: systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: The current study highlights the high prevalence of a range of congenital disorders in newborns of mothers infected with ZIKV. It warrants developing studies to further clarify the mechanisms by which each of these disorders occurs in response to the viral infection during pregnancy and its vertical transmission to the infants. PMID: 31077071 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - May 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Nithiyanantham SF, Badawi A Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Exploring the mediating and moderating roles of body-related concerns and social interactions on the association between early puberty and psychological distress in young adult women.
CONCLUSION: These findings highlight the importance of using more than one group of early pubertal timing and the role of body and intimacy concerns in the explanation of psychological distress in women. Intervention strategies addressing the increased risk of psychological distress in women who begin puberty very early should target their body image and ability to form intimate friendships. PMID: 31066011 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health)
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - May 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Thériault J, Otis J, Hébert M, Gurreri S, Lambert J Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research

Building the political case for investing in public health and public health research.
Abstract Governments around the world vastly underinvest in public health, despite ever growing evidence demonstrating its economic and social benefits. Challenges in securing greater public health investment largely stem from the necessity for governments to demonstrate visible impacts within an election cycle, whereas public health initiatives operate over the long term and generally involve prevention, statistical lives and underlying conditions. It is time for the public health community to rethink its strategies and craft political wins by building a political case for investing in public health-which extends...
Source: Canadian Journal of Public Health - May 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Hoffman SJ, Creatore MI, Klassen A, Lay AM, Fafard P Tags: Can J Public Health Source Type: research