Hearing loss: rising prevalence and impact.
PMID: 31656325 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - October 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Davis AC, Hoffman HJ Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Health system requirements for hearing care services.
PMID: 31656326 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - October 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Chadha S, Kamenov K, Cieza A Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Public health round-up.
Authors: PMID: 31656327 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - October 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Quiet please: reducing occupational exposure to harmful noise.
Authors: Abstract Making workers aware of the risks they incur is key to implementing hearing preservation initiatives, but some occupations present intractable challenges. Gary Humphreys reports. PMID: 31656328 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - October 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Bolajoko Olusanya: personal challenges, public health.
Authors: Abstract Bolajoko Olusanya talks to Sophie Cousins about her personal experience with hearing impairment and her efforts to advance paediatric hearing health in Nigeria. PMID: 31656329 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - October 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Children with hearing impairment in Malawi, a cohort study.
Conclusion: More widespread and holistic services are required to improve the outcomes of children with a hearing impairment in Malawi. PMID: 31656330 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - October 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mulwafu W, Tataryn M, Polack S, Viste A, Goplen FK, Kuper H Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Pilot implementation of newborn hearing screening programme at four hospitals in southern Thailand.
Conclusion: Although ineffective by American Academy of Pediatrics standards, we demonstrated the benefit of early intervention in infants diagnosed with hearing loss. PMID: 31656331 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - October 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Pitathawatchai P, Khaimook W, Kirtsreesakul V Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Hearing and vision screening for preschool children using mobile technology, South Africa.
Conclusion: mHealth-supported CHW-delivered hearing and vision screening in preschool centres provided a low-cost, acceptable and accessible service, contributing to lower referral numbers to resource-constrained public health institutions. PMID: 31656332 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - October 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Eksteen S, Launer S, Kuper H, Eikelboom RH, Bastawrous A, Swanepoel W Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Hearing care across the life course provided in the community.
Abstract Untreated hearing loss is recognized as a growing global health priority because of its prevalence and harmful effects on health and well-being. Until recently, little progress had been made in expanding hearing care beyond traditional clinic-based models to incorporate public health approaches that increase accessibility to and affordability of hearing care. As demonstrated in numerous countries and for many health conditions, sharing health-care tasks with community health workers (CHWs) offers advantages as a complementary approach to expand health-service delivery and improve public health. This paper...
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - October 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Suen JJ, Bhatnagar K, Emmett SD, Marrone N, Kleindienst Robler S, Swanepoel W, Wong A, Nieman CL Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Training for hearing care providers.
ong K Abstract The lack of an appropriately trained global hearing-care workforce is recognized as a barrier to developing and implementing services to treat ear and hearing disorders. In this article we examine some of the published literature on the current global workforce for ear and hearing care. We outline the status of both the primary-care workforce, including community health workers, and specialist services, including audiologists, ear, nose and throat specialists, speech and language therapists, and teachers of the deaf. We discuss models of training health workers in ear and hearing care, including the...
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - October 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Bhutta MF, Bu X, de Muñoz PC, Garg S, Kong K Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Access to adults' hearing aids: policies and technologies used in eight countries.
This article aims to identify the current state of access to hearing aids, focusing on eight middle- and high-income countries. We discuss how to facilitate greater access to hearing aids for patients by addressing changes in how devices are regulated, technological advancements in hearing devices, the need to adjust reimbursement schemes and the importance of adaptation among the community workforce for hearing-care. PMID: 31656335 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - October 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Yong M, Willink A, McMahon C, McPherson B, Nieman CL, Reed NS, Lin FR Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Education and health of children with hearing loss: the necessity of signed languages.
Abstract Medical and educational interventions for children with hearing loss often adopt a single approach of spoken language acquisition through the use of technology, such as cochlear implants. These approaches generally ignore signed languages, despite no guarantees that the child will acquire fluency in a spoken language. Research with children who have a cochlear implant and do not use a signed language indicates that language outcomes are very variable and generally worse than their non-deaf peers. In contrast, signing children with cochlear implants have timely language development similar to their non-dea...
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - October 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Murray JJ, Hall WC, Snoddon K Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Mobile applications to detect hearing impairment: opportunities and challenges.
PMID: 31656337 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - October 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Swanepoel W, De Sousa KC, Smits C, Moore DR Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Provision of hearing care in Pacific Island countries and territories.
PMID: 31656338 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - October 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Thorne PR, Holt EA, Nosa V, Chunghyeon O, Lopati S, Pifeleti S, Maslin M, McCool J, Kafoa B Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Meeting the educational needs of children with hearing loss.
PMID: 31656339 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - October 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: LeClair KL, Saunders JE Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Hearing loss grades and the International classification of functioning, disability and health.
PMID: 31656340 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - October 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Olusanya BO, Davis AC, Hoffman HJ Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Ethiopia's quest to champion emergency care systems.
PMID: 31474767 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - September 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Hagos AA, Firew T, Gebreyesus A, Sambo BH, Reynolds TA Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Public health roundup.
Authors: PMID: 31474768 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - September 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Health workforce burn-out.
Authors: Abstract Increased demand for health services is putting unprecedented strain on health systems and the workers within them. Many are experiencing burn-out, depriving health systems of their most vital resource: people. Lynn Eaton reports. PMID: 31474769 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - September 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Teguest Guerma: making a difference in public health.
Authors: Abstract Teguest Guerma talks to Gary Humphreys about her career in public health, and her commitment to training midwives in Ethiopia. PMID: 31474770 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - September 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Correlation between noncommunicable disease mortality in people aged 30-69 years and those aged 70-89 years.
Conclusion: As the established WHO metric for premature noncommunicable disease mortality was predictive of noncommunicable disease mortality in older people, the metric should not be construed as ageist. Focusing resources on measuring premature noncommunicable disease mortality will be appropriate, particularly in settings without universal civil death registration. This approach should not prejudice the provision of health services throughout the life-course. PMID: 31474771 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - September 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Byass P Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Community engagement to manage acute malnutrition: implementation research in Kupang district, Indonesia.
Abstract Objective: To improve the low coverage and performance of a programme on community-based management of acute malnutrition, implemented between October 2015 and April 2018 in Kupang district in rural Indonesia. Methods: To investigate why the coverage and performance were low in the first year of the programme, we conducted a semiquantitative evaluation between August and September 2016. We used the results from the evaluation to inform programme improvement, by developing and modifying community mobilization strategies. We employed a multipronged approach to improve community awareness on acute malnu...
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - September 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Bait BR, Rah JH, Roshita A, Amaheka R, Chrisnadarmani V, Lino MR Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Measures of harm reduction service provision for people who inject drugs.
Abstract Coverage is an important dimension in measuring the effectiveness of needle and syringe programmes in providing sterile injecting equipment for people who inject drugs. The World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) currently recommend methods for measuring coverage at the population level, that is, across an estimated population of people who inject drugs within a given geographical area. However, population-level measures of coverage rely on highly uncertain population estimates and cannot capture the ...
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - September 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: O'Keefe D, Bluthenthal RN, Kral AH, Aitken CK, McCormack A, Dietze PM Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Developing emergency care systems: a human rights-based approach.
Abstract The delivery of emergency care is an effective strategy to reduce the global burden of disease. Emergency care cross cuts traditional disease-focused disciplines to manage a wide range of the acute illnesses and injuries that contribute substantially to death and disability, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. While the universal health coverage (UHC) movement is gaining support, and human rights and health systems are integral to UCH, few concrete discussions on the human right to emergency care have been taken place to date. Furthermore, no rights-based approach to developing emergency car...
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - September 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Burkholder TW, Hill K, Calvello Hynes EJ Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Revenue-raising potential for universal health coverage in Benin, Mali, Mozambique and Togo.
Abstract Increasing overall fiscal space is important for the health sector due to the centrality of public financing to make progress towards universal health coverage. One strategy is to mobilize additional government revenues through new taxes or increased tax rates on goods and services. We illustrate how countries can assess the feasibility and quantitative potential of different revenue-raising mechanisms. We review and synthesize the processes and results from country assessments in Benin, Mali, Mozambique and Togo. The studies analysed new taxes or increased taxes on airplane tickets, phone calls, alcoholi...
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - September 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mathauer I, Koch K, Zita S, Murray-Zmijewski A, Traore M, Bitho N, Brikci N Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Factors affecting the provision of analgesia during childbirth, Japan.
Abstract Japan's universal health-care system means that it is a very safe country in which to give birth. Perinatal outcomes in Japan are excellent, with low infant mortality and neonatal mortality. However, childbirth remains a challenge for many Japanese women, who are faced with a scarcity of places to give birth, limited availability of analgesia and social norms that favour natural birth. The number of birth facilities in Japan continues to decrease as fewer children are born. The numbers of qualified medical staff remain inadequate, with a continuing lack of female physicians, perpetuated by a pervasive neg...
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - September 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Maeda Y, Takahashi K, Yamamoto K, Tanimoto T, Kami M, Crump A Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Improving coverage of civil registration and vital statistics, Bangladesh.
Abstract Problem: Bangladesh has no national system for registering deaths and determining their causes. As a result, policy-makers lack reliable and complete data to inform public health decisions. Approach: In 2016, the government of Bangladesh introduced a pilot project to strengthen the civil registration and vital statistics system and generate cause of death data in Kaliganj Upazila. Community-based health workers were trained to notify births and deaths to the civil registrar, and to conduct verbal autopsy interviews with family members of a deceased person. International experts in cause-of-death cert...
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - September 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Uddin M, Ashrafi SAA, Azad AK, Chowdhury A, Chowdhury HR, Riley ID, Montes A, Bratschi M, AbouZahr C, Alam Z Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Towards optimal collaboration: reforming the WHO country cooperation strategy in Thailand.
PMID: 31474778 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - September 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tiantong S, Limwattanayingyong A, Wibulpolprasert S, Vedrasco L, Kertesz D Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Political economy analysis for health.
PMID: 31384066 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - August 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Reich MR Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Biomedical research; what gets funded where?
PMID: 31384067 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - August 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Adam T, Ralaidovy AH, Swaminathan S Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Public health round-up.
Authors: PMID: 31384068 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - August 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Taking rehabilitation seriously.
Authors: Abstract Under-appreciation of the importance of rehabilitation within the continuum of care is a major obstacle to achieving universal health coverage. Lynn Eaton reports. PMID: 31384069 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - August 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

James Chau: connecting people with public health.
Authors: Abstract James Chau talks to Ana Lesher Treviño about the challenges faced in communicating about public health. PMID: 31384070 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - August 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Long-term impact of a community-led sanitation campaign in India, 2005-2016.
Conclusion: Future research should investigate how to maintain and rehabilitate latrines and how to sustain long-term behaviour change. PMID: 31384071 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - August 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Orgill-Meyer J, Pattanayak SK, Chindarkar N, Dickinson KL, Panda U, Rai S, Sahoo B, Singha A, Jeuland M Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Prevention of tuberculosis in household members: estimates of children eligible for treatment.
Conclusion: Tuberculosis preventive treatment in children was underutilized globally in 2017. Treatment should be scaled up to help eliminate the pool of tuberculosis infection and achieve the End TB Strategy targets. PMID: 31384072 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - August 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Hamada Y, Glaziou P, Sismanidis C, Getahun H Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Chlamydia, gonorrhoea, trichomoniasis and syphilis: global prevalence and incidence estimates, 2016.
Conclusion: Global estimates of prevalence and incidence of these four curable sexually transmitted infections remain high. The study highlights the need to expand data collection efforts at country level and provides an initial baseline for monitoring progress of the World Health Organization global health sector strategy on sexually transmitted infections 2016-2021. PMID: 31384073 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - August 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Rowley J, Vander Hoorn S, Korenromp E, Low N, Unemo M, Abu-Raddad LJ, Chico RM, Smolak A, Newman L, Gottlieb S, Thwin SS, Broutet N, Taylor MM Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

When the patient is the expert: measuring patient experience and satisfaction with care.
lp Ö Abstract In 2018, three independent reports were published, emphasizing the need for attention to, and improvements in, quality of care to achieve effective universal health coverage. A key aspect of high quality health care and health systems is that they are person-centred, a characteristic that is at the same time intrinsically important (all individuals have the right to be treated with dignity and respect) and instrumentally important (person-centred care is associated with improved health-care utilization and health outcomes). Following calls to make 2019 a year of action, we provide guidance to po...
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - August 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Larson E, Sharma J, Bohren MA, Tunçalp Ö Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Community-based care for healthy ageing: lessons from Japan.
Abstract Problem: The measures for long-term care prevention that the Japanese government had introduced in 2006 were unsuccessful because of the failures to identify high-risk individuals and to enrol enough participants in the community prevention programme. Approach: The Japanese government shifted its primary strategy from a high-risk strategy to a community-based population strategy in 2015, by reforming the Long-term Care Insurance Act. This act is focusing on community-based care and social determinants of health. The Act and the government's plans for long-term care prevention are inspired by a social...
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - August 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Saito J, Haseda M, Amemiya A, Takagi D, Kondo K, Kondo N Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Patent pooling to increase access to essential medicines.
PMID: 31384076 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - August 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Burrone E, Gotham D, Gray A, de Joncheere K, Magrini N, Martei YM, Gore C, Kieny MP Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Description of an online hospital platform, China.
PMID: 31384077 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - August 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Wu D, Hesketh T, Shu H, Lian W, Tang W, Tian J Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Corrigendum.
Authors: Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.2471/BLT.18.225698.]. PMID: 31384078 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - August 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Corrigendum.
Authors: Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.2471/BLT.18.226894.]. PMID: 31384079 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - August 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Policy options for tackling diet-related noncommunicable diseases.
PMID: 31258209 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - July 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Watkins D Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Health workers' strikes: a plea for multisectoral action.
PMID: 31258210 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - July 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Salama P, McIsaac M, Campbell J Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Public health round-up.
Authors: PMID: 31258211 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - July 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Sharing knowledge on the treatment of childhood cancer.
Authors: Abstract The Russian Federation is sharing lessons drawn from 30 years of treating childhood cancer, transferring knowledge to fellow Commonwealth of Independent States countries and beyond. Andrey Shukshin reports. PMID: 31258212 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - July 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Sandro Galea: the epidemiology of consequence.
Authors: Abstract Sandro Galea talks to Gary Humphreys about the power of epidemiology and the need to change the way we talk about health. PMID: 31258213 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - July 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Modelling impacts of food industry co-regulation on noncommunicable disease mortality, Portugal.
Conclusion: The co-regulation agreement could save lives and reduce the risk of premature death in Portugal. Nevertheless, the projected impact on mortality was insufficient to meet international targets. PMID: 31258214 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - July 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Goiana-da-Silva F, Cruz-E-Silva D, Allen L, Gregório MJ, Severo M, Nogueira PJ, Nunes AM, Graça P, Lopes C, Miraldo M, Breda J, Wickramasinghe K, Darzi A, Araújo F, Mikkelsen B Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Health workers' strikes in low-income countries: the available evidence.
Conclusion: In low-income countries, some common features appear to exist in health sector strikes' occurrence and actors involved in such events. Future research should focus on both individual events and regional patterns, to form an evidence base for mechanisms to prevent and resolve strikes. PMID: 31258215 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - July 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Russo G, Xu L, McIsaac M, Matsika-Claquin MD, Dhillon I, McPake B, Campbell J Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research

Estimating completeness of birth registration in South Africa, 1996 - 2011.
Conclusion: The completeness of birth registration in South Africa increased rapidly between 1996 and 2004. To allow international comparison, the method for measuring the completeness of birth registration needs to be standardized. PMID: 31258216 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization)
Source: Bulletin of the World Health Organization - July 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Nannan N, Dorrington R, Bradshaw D Tags: Bull World Health Organ Source Type: research