COVID-19 neuropsychological factors and considerations within the acute physical medicine and rehabilitation setting.
Authors: Arenivas A, Carter KR, Harik LM, Hays KM PMID: 32633633 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 8, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Shame, self-discrepancies, and adjustment after acquired brain injury.
CONCLUSIONS: Shame and self-discrepancies both appear to play a crucial role in adjustment following an ABI. However, the relationship between shame and self-discrepancies needs more consideration to understand how these variables may interact to predict adjustment. PMID: 32615803 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 5, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Factors associated with tracheostomy decannulation in patients with severe traumatic brain injury.
CONCLUSION: The presence of diabetes, craniotomy and acute kidney injury may inform the conversation surrounding chances for decannulation prior to tracheostomy. PMID: 32615825 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 5, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

First stage international validation of the pediatric family needs questionnaire (FNQ-P).
Authors: Gan C, Van't Hooft I, Brookes N, Prasauskiene A, Wales L, Wright FV Abstract OBJECTIVES: 1. Evaluate reliability and construct validity of the newly-developed Family Needs Questionnaire - Pediatric (FNQ-P), a 40-item measure assessing the extent to which family's needs are met after a child has an acquired brain injury (ABI). 2) Explore the impact of selected child characteristics on FNQ-P scores. RESEARCH DESIGN: MEASUREMENT STUDY: Methods: Parents/caregivers of children with ABI (2-18 years) were recruited across four sites (Canada, Sweden, Lithuania, Australia) for FNQ-P test-retest evaluation....
Source: Brain Injury - July 1, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Discontinuation of artificial nutrition and hydration and covert cognition.
Authors: Formisano R, Zasler N PMID: 32594770 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 1, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

A longitudinal study of support needs after severe traumatic brain injury.
CONCLUSIONS: Support needs after severe TBI are prevalent, varied, and change over time, which have implications for care-giving and service delivery. PMID: 32579407 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 25, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

The medical observer in American football: a survey of use and efficacy.
Authors: Kent JB, Wood CL, Pugh K, Statuta SM, MacKnight JM Abstract OBJECTIVES: The growing concern over player safety and long-term health effects of sport-related concussion (SRC) led the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) to implement the medical observer, whose primary job is to identify SRCs not seen by sideline medical staff. The primary aim of this survey was to determine if the MO identifies SRCs the sideline medical staff missed during gameplay. METHODS: The authors distributed a 19-item questionnaire to all ACC athletic departments that assessed for SRCs or non-concussion injuries that were detected by ...
Source: Brain Injury - June 25, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Rating of pre-injury symptoms over time in patients with mild traumatic brain injury: the good-old-days bias revisited.
The objective was to examine reliability of patients' post-injury reporting of their pre-injury symptoms. METHODS: We included two control groups (trauma patients without brain injury history and healthy controls) who were recruited at an outpatient surgical clinic and among the working and social environment of the researchers, respectively. The Head Injury Symptom Checklist (HISC) was used to assess pre-injury and current symptoms at four time points post injury. We included 836 patients with mTBIs, 191 trauma patients without brain injury history, and 100 healthy controls. RESULTS: Patients with mTBI reported si...
Source: Brain Injury - June 24, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

The use of amantadine in patients with unresponsive wakefulness syndrome after severe cerebral hemorrhage.
CONCLUSIONS: In this study, amantadine administration showed substantial positive effects on recovery following severe cerebral hemorrhage. We recommend further randomized controlled studies to determine the efficacy of amantadine. PMID: 32552090 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 21, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Friendships after severe traumatic brain injury: a survey of current speech pathology practice.
CONCLUSIONS: Making and keeping friends are a significant part of most people's lives. Therefore, it is important to consider their role in contributing to improved outcomes for people with TBI. With communication partner training being an integral component to recovery and maintenance of relationships post TBI, the development of targeted education and training materials is warranted, to enable the inclusion of friends in the rehabilitation process. PMID: 32552132 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 21, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

The intersection of cerebral fat embolism syndrome and traumatic brain injury: a literature review and case series.
CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of CFES is an important consideration for individuals who have new neurologic impairment following a trauma, especially in cases where initial GCS was high. MRI has an important role in differentiating lesions of CFES from TBI and should be utilized for prognostication and management decisions. Individuals with neurologic injury secondary to CFES had good functional recovery outcomes as measured by Glasgow Outcome Scale. PMID: 32543235 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 18, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Mood-related changes in children and adolescents with persistent concussion symptoms following a six-week active rehabilitation program.
CONCLUSIONS: Active rehabilitation interventions may have positive effects on mood in youth recovering from concussion. Clinicians may wish to consider addressing anxiety and anger management strategies as part of comprehensive concussion management in youth. PMID: 32529851 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 14, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Living with suicidality following traumatic brain injury: a qualitative study.
CONCLUSION: Chronic suicidality after TBI was demonstrated consistently regardless of receiving long-term support. However, their engagement with protective factors such as social support, spirituality and positive personal qualities was identified. Implementing these as coping strategies during long-term rehabilitation may reduce the levels of suicidal distress. Implications, methodological considerations and future research were discussed, with the aim of improving experiences of individuals with TBI to reduce suicidality. PMID: 32529858 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 14, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

The impact of a yoga-based physical therapy group for individuals with traumatic brain injury: results from a pilot study.
CONCLUSION: Yoga-based physical therapy is feasible and safe in the inpatient rehabilitation setting following TBI. Sleep quality improved following the addition of a one-hour seated rest in a relaxing environment to a standard rehabilitation daily schedule, suggesting that structured rest time may be beneficial to sleep hygiene during inpatient rehabilitation following TBI. ClinicalTrials.Gov Registration Number: NCT03701594. PMID: 32530717 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 14, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Communication partner training in traumatic brain injury: a UK survey of Speech and Language Therapists' clinical practice.
CONCLUSIONS: Therapists were motivated to deliver communication partner training but reduced capability affected implementation. Further support to clinicians on outcome measurement with materials to develop workplace systems to monitor implementation is needed. PMID: 32521171 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 11, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Epilepsy after severe traumatic brain injury: frequency and injury severity.
CONCLUSION: The PTE frequency was higher compared to previous estimates. Increasing injury severity was associated with PTE 29-365 days post-TBI when measured with PTA, but not with GCS. Though nonsignificant, the increased PTE-risk within 28 days in lower severity suggests an underdiagnosing of PTE. PMID: 32506958 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 10, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

A pilot study evaluating the effects of concussion on the ability to form cognitive maps for spatial orientation in adolescent hockey players.
CONCLUSIONS: Consistent with the integrity of extended neural networks required for effective spatial orientation and navigation, the findings of our pilot study provide preliminary evidence suggesting that a SRC may affect the ability to familiarize with a spatial surrounding and orient within it. PMID: 32506963 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 10, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Prospective longitudinal investigation shows correlation of event-related potential to mild traumatic brain injury in adolescents.
CONCLUSION: These results demonstrate that PN amplitude changes may be associated with mTBI exposure and subsequent recovery in adolescent athletes. Further study of PN may lead to it becoming a neuromarker for mTBI prognosis and return-to-activity decision-making in adolescents. PMID: 32508153 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 10, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

The effect of high vs. low intensity neuropsychological treatment on working memory in patients with acquired brain injury.
CONCLUSIONS: Even in the chronic phase after brain lesion WM performance can be enhanced by the combination of compensation therapy and computerized cognitive training when applied intensely; both a more general attention and a specific WM training regimen are effective. PMID: 32511937 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 10, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

The influence of self-compassion on perceived responsibility and shame following acquired brain injury.
CONCLUSIONS: This study concluded that people with ABI might experience shame with respect to the injury's impact on functioning. Study limitations and implications for providing therapeutic interventions such as Compassion Focused Therapy and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy are discussed. PMID: 32500754 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 7, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Post-traumatic stress disorder attributed to traumatic brain injury in children - a systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: Methodological variations confound comparisons of relative frequency assessments of PTSD attributed to TBI. However, PTSD is associated with considerable long-term disability and undetected PTSD in children should raise public concern. Thus, large scale, prospective studies are needed to ascertain the clinical course of PTSD attributed to TBI in children and adolescence. PMID: 32501734 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 7, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Qualitative assessment of the use of a smart phone application to manage post-concussion symptoms in Veterans with traumatic brain injury.
CONCLUSION: Interview data suggest that Concussion Coach can benefit Veterans with post-concussive symptoms through increased agency, perceived benefits to emotional well-being, and the availability of non-stigmatized strategies for symptom management. PMID: 32493066 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 5, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Pharmacological potential of tocopherol and doxycycline against traumatic brain injury-induced cognitive/motor impairment in rats.
Conclusions The neuroprotective effect of doxycycline and tocopherol might be due to its anti-inflammatory and free radical scavenging mechanisms. Abbreviations TBI: Traumatic brain injury; Doxy: Doxycycline; Toco: Tocopherol; LPO: Lipid peroxidation; MDA: Malondialdehyde; TNF-α: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha; IL-1b: Interleukin-1 beta; GSH: Glutathione; GABA: gamma-Aminobutyric acid. PMID: 32493074 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 5, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Opiate analgesics and testing of post traumatic amnesia in school-aged children.
CONCLUSIONS: Opiate analgesia can disrupt performance on the Westmead PTA scale in school-aged children resulting in a high false-positive error rate. It is therefore important to record pain medication schedules and interpret results cautiously when opiate analgesia is used following a TBI. Alteration of the method of administration of the memory items should be researched as this may increase the validity of the scale for children with TBI treated with opiate analgesics. PMID: 32497441 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 5, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Testosterone, sex steroids, and aging in neurodegenerative disease after acquired brain injury: a commentary.
CONCLUSIONS: Testosterone deficiency in male individuals after TBI can be present after TBI or can develop during aging. Age-related decreases in testosterone production after TBI may act to amplify endocrine dysfunction after TBI. Ongoing clinical surveillance for testosterone deficiency associated with both TBI and aging may be reasonable. PMID: 32497444 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 5, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Bioinformatic analysis of brain-specific miRNAs for identification of candidate traumatic brain injury blood biomarkers.
CONCLUSIONS: The six candidate miRNAs identified in this preliminary study have promise as blood biomarkers of TBI, and could also be molecular contributors to systemic physiologic changes commonly observed post-injury. PMID: 32497449 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 5, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Hyperoxia in pediatric severe traumatic brain injury (TBI): a comparison of patient classification by cutoff versus cumulative (area-under-the-curve) analysis.
This study explored differences in patient classification of oxygen exposure by PaO2 cutoff and cumulative area-under-the-curve (AUC) analysis. METHODS: Retrospective, explorative study including children (
Source: Brain Injury - June 4, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Intraventricular fibrinolytic for the treatment of intraventricular hemorrhage: a network meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: EVD + UK may be the best approach to improving patients' survival rate and prognosis. However, it also presents the highest risk of intracranial infection and rebleeding. EVD + IVF increased the proportion of patients with serious disability. PMID: 32447964 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - May 26, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Development and psychometric evaluation of the Birmingham Relationship Continuity Measure for acquired brain injury.
Discussion A valid and reliable quantitative measure of relationship continuity/discontinuity will enable more robust evaluation of suggestions about this construct that have been made in qualitative studies (e.g. that discontinuity is associated with a greater sense of caregiver burden). PMID: 32447982 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - May 26, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Mainstream technology to support basic communication and leisure in people with neurological disorders, motor impairment and lack of speech.
CONCLUSIONS: The aforementioned technology seems to be a useful tool for individuals like those involved in this study. PMID: 32442386 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - May 23, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Symptom profiles and postural control after concussion in female artistic athletes.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, artistic athletes had similar symptom profiles to ball sport athletes. Postural control measures, other than the BESS tandem stance foam condition, were not significantly different from ball sport athletes. This suggests that although their sports may require higher levels of balance, artistic athletes' performance on post-concussion balance tests may be similar to athletes of other disciplines. PMID: 32442387 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - May 23, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Peer support groups after acquired brain injury: a systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this review suggest that peer support groups could be a promising intervention to support individuals and promote adjustment following an ABI. PMID: 32421382 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - May 19, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Functional magnetic resonance imaging study of working memory several years after pediatric concussion.
CONCLUSIONS: This study does not support group differences in BOLD response during an n-back working memory task in youth who are on average 2.5 years post-concussion. The findings are encouraging from the perspective of understanding recovery after pediatric concussion. PMID: 32396403 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - May 13, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

The utility of the Modified Mini-Mental State Examination in inpatient rehabilitation for traumatic brain injury: preliminary findings.
CONCLUSIONS: While both instruments had reasonable psychometric properties, the 3MS had a superior psychometric profile in the acute phase of TBI. PMID: 32396468 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - May 13, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Content analysis of concussion education for coaches of youth and high school sport.
Discussion: Existing concussion education for coaches is addressing most, but not all, topics that may help coaches engage in concussion prevention, identification and management. Additional program development work is warranted to augment educational content related to coach communication about concussion safety with athletes and parents. Content appropriateness notwithstanding, further research is needed to understand the acceptability, efficacy, and implementation of concussion education for coaches. PMID: 32362145 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - May 6, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Temperature-sensitive bone mesenchymal stem cells combined with mild hypothermia reduces neurological deficit in rats of severe traumatic brain injury.
CONCLUSION: Combination therapy of tsBMSCs and MH can reduce the neuronal apoptosis in severe TBI rats, with the suppression of serum biomarkers and hyperglycemia, contributing to the recovery of neurological functions. ABBREVIATIONS: tsBMSCs: temperature-sensitive bone mesenchymal stem cells; MH: mild hypothermia; TBI: traumatic brain injury; mNSS: modified Neurological Severity Score. PMID: 32362186 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - May 6, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Patients' recovery after severe TBI is associated with their close relatives' interpersonal functioning: a 12-months prospective cohort study.
Authors: Gaertner LHC, Tsur N, Haller CS Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between relatives' interpersonal functioning and patients' recovery after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) across one year in Switzerland. Design: This prospective, multi-center cohort study is comprised of 188 adult patients with severe TBI (Abbreviated Head Injury Score> 3) and their relatives. Patients and relatives were assessed 3, 6, and 12 months post-injury. Main outcome measures: Interpersonal functioning (Patient Competency Rating Scale for Neurorehabilitation, PCRS-NR), Physical...
Source: Brain Injury - April 29, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Traumatic brain injury and creative divergent thinking.
Conclusions: Our findings reveal that divergent thinking, as measured by the ATTA and AUT, might be spared following moderate-to-severe TBI. These findings further our understanding of the higher-level cognitive sequelae of TBI and suggest that divergent thinking might be leveraged during treatment planning. PMID: 32343615 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - April 29, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Improving well-being after traumatic brain injury through volunteering: a randomized controlled trial.
Conclusions: This study supports our primary hypothesis that individuals who take part in a volunteer intervention will demonstrate greater psychological well-being in comparison to a control group. PMID: 32343631 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - April 29, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Association between traumatic brain injury and prison charges: a population-based cohort study.
Conclusions: TBI is a serious health concern that makes it difficult for incarcerants to adjust to prison. Additional support/resources are needed to support those with histories of TBI. PMID: 32324431 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - April 25, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

A preliminary investigation of cognitive intolerance and neuroimaging among adolescents returning to school after concussion.
Conclusions: Cognitive intolerance can be defined as symptom exacerbation from prolonged cognitive activity. Cognitive intolerance could be measured by the n-back working memory task and time to symptom exacerbation. PMID: 32324445 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - April 25, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Domains and dimensions of community participation following traumatic brain injury.
Conclusion: Our results suggest that depression, environmental factors, and enfranchisement may be important considerations for future interventions aiming to promote management of identified barriers. PMID: 32320307 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - April 24, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Perceived health after adult traumatic brain injury: a Group-Based Trajectory Modeling (GBTM) analysis.
Conclusion: Referrals and early-intervention resources should be distributed to individuals with increased risk of following low PGH and/or PMH trajectories. PMID: 32320317 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - April 24, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Provision of resource facilitation services for individuals with acquired brain injury across the United States: results of a 2018 resource facilitator provider survey.
Conclusions: This project provided a comprehensive summary of Resource Facilitation program characteristics and associated outcome metrics. The findings may be used to begin the formulation of a common definition of Resource Facilitation services, a program evaluation framework, and aid in establishing a common data set across programs. PMID: 32310672 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - April 22, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Social support during youth concussion recovery.
Conclusions: Fostering social support may require strategies tailored to each group of key providers as they mitigate different challenges in recovery. PMID: 32315217 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - April 22, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Association of acute vestibular/ocular motor screening scores to prolonged recovery in collegiate athletes following sport-related concussion.
Discussion: Post-injury symptoms with VOMS smooth pursuit, saccades, and convergence is associated with increased time-to-clearance for return to sport in collegiate athletes. PMID: 32315218 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - April 22, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Organization and recall of visual information after traumatic brain injury.
Conclusion: Brain injury diminishes a person's ability to subjectively organize novel visual information. ARM is a sensitive clinical measure of SO for patients with TBI. PMID: 32286889 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - April 16, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Clinically significant traumatic intracranial hemorrhage following minor head trauma in older adults: a retrospective cohort study.
Conclusions: In this cohort of older adults presenting to the ED following minor head trauma, the incidence of clinically significant T-ICH was 6.4%. PMID: 32286890 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - April 16, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Concentrated hypertonic saline in severe pediatric traumatic brain injury.
Authors: Sabers EJ, Reiter PD, Skillman HE, DeMasellis G Abstract Objective: Describe outcomes associated with bolus and continuous infusions of hypertonic saline (HTS) in children with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI).Methods: IRB-approved, single-center, retrospective review of children admitted between January 1, 2012 to August 30, 2018 with a diagnosis of severe TBI who received HTS.Results: Forty-five children (age 9.3 ± 5.8 yr; 60% male) met inclusion criteria. One-hundred eighty-nine equiosmolar bolus doses of HTS were administered to 43 patients (3% HTS, n = 84 doses; 6% HTS, n...
Source: Brain Injury - April 16, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Time between acquired brain injury and admission to community-based rehabilitation: differences in cognitive and functional gains.
Authors: Williams E, Martini A, Jackson H, Wagland J, Turner-Stokes L Abstract Objective: To determine differences in rehabilitation gains made by people with an acquired brain injury undergoing staged community-based brain injury rehabilitation (SCBIR) at different times between injury and admission.Method: Retrospective cohort analysis of routinely collected demographic and rehabilitation data from clients admitted to SCBIR service 2011-2017 (n=92). Outcome measures: Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory-4 (MPAI-4) and UK Functional Assessment Measure (UK FIM+FAM) collected on admission and annually thereafter unt...
Source: Brain Injury - April 9, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research