Book review: the notebook of a new clinical neuropsychologist: stories from another world.
Authors: Dewar BK PMID: 30081669 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 8, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Traumatic brain injury education for adult patients and families: a scoping review.
Authors: Hart T, Driver S, Sander A, Pappadis M, Dams-O'Connor K, Bocage C, Hinkens E, Dahdah MN, Cai X Abstract Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is increasingly viewed as a chronic condition, bringing long-term needs for patient and caregiver knowledge pertaining to symptom and problem management over time. In light of these needs, we performed a scoping review of the literature on brain injury education provided to adult patients and/ or family members affected by TBI. Objectives were to describe the types of educational interventions that have been developed; to review the effects of these interventions; and to dete...
Source: Brain Injury - August 8, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

End-tidal carbon dioxide levels in patients with post-concussion syndrome during neurocognitive and physical tasks compared to a normative control group.
CONCLUSION: Cerebral physiological alterations and deficits in the autonomic nervous system may cause abnormal ETCO2 in individuals after concussion. Future research evaluating breathing patterns in PCS may be warranted. PMID: 30067397 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 2, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Visual pursuit of one's own face in disorders of consciousness: a quantitative analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Horizontal visual tracking of salient stimuli seems particularly suitable for eliciting on-target fixations. Quantitative assessment of visual tracking can complement clinical evaluation for reducing diagnostic uncertainty between patients in MCS or VS. PMID: 30059631 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 1, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Fluid-structure interaction analysis of cerebrospinal fluid with a comprehensive head model subject to a rapid acceleration and deceleration.
CONCLUSIONS: The capability to locate areas (down to the exact gyri and sulci) of the brain the most affected under given loading conditions, and therefore assess the possible damage to the brain and consequently predict the symptoms, is shown. PMID: 30059633 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 1, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Convergent and divergent validity of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale in children with concussion and orthopaedic injury.
CONCLUSIONS: The construct validity of the CD-RISC is satisfactory when used with children with concussion. The 10-item version may provide a more efficient measure of resiliency with better construct validity in this population. PMID: 30047782 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 28, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Visual perturbation impacts upright postural stability in athletes with an acute concussion.
CONCLUSION: An athlete's ability to disregard visual perturbation stimuli is imperative for successful participation in sports. Due to the observed alterations in balance when given a visual perturbation task, it is suggested that athletes with acute concussions place more attention on the balance task and may disregard other less meaningful tasks. PMID: 30047794 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 28, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Key ingredients to an active rehabilitation programme post-concussion: perspectives of youth and parents.
CONCLUSIONS: Education about energy management is an important ingredient of the active rehabilitation intervention for youth with concussion. Parents benefit from learning how their child can be more accountable for their own rehabilitation and to be more accepting of unclear recovery timelines. PMID: 30047796 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 28, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Functional brain connectivity and cortical thickness in relation to chronic pain in post-911 veterans and service members with mTBI.
CONCLUSION: The more that pain was perceived to interfere with daily life, the less the FC between regions in a network associated with self-referential thought and mind wandering. Although cortical thickness in specific brain regions was positively related to severity of pain interference, follow-up longitudinal data, control group data, and study of individual differences in this cohort will expand this initial report and replicate these findings. PMID: 30047797 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 28, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Implementing a structured exercise program for persistent concussion symptoms: a pilot study on the effects on salivary brain-derived neurotrophic factor, cognition, static balance, and symptom scores.
CONCLUSIONS: The preliminary evidence reported in the current pilot study is clinically relevant as our findings suggest exercise-based treatments may improve PCS outcomes in a more favourable manner than rest-based treatment. PMID: 30036102 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 25, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

RLIPostC protects against cerebral ischemia through improved synaptogenesis in rats.
CONCLUSIONS: These results confirmed that RLIPostC treatment for cerebral ischemia was safe and effective. A possible molecular mechanism of the beneficial effects of RLIPostC treatment may be the promotion of synaptogenesis. PMID: 30036110 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 25, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Neuropsychological correlates of self-reported impulsivity and informant-reported maladaptive behaviour among veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury history.
CONCLUSIONS: Attention and processing speed impairments and PTSD symptom severity appear to be important predictors of impulsivity and problematic behaviour among veterans. Findings have implications for theoretical models of aggression and violence and inform the assessment and treatment of individuals with TBI and PTSD. PMID: 30036112 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 25, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Access to health services for moderate to severe TBI in Indiana: patient and caregiver perspectives.
CONCLUSION: Our findings identified significant barriers to health services for patients with TBI at different points in the care continuum. Gaps in health services and barriers to care transcend geographical boundaries within the state. We suggest ways to improve access to TBI care including: 1) decentralisation of trauma centers; 2) development of neurobehavioural and age-appropriate long-term care facilities; 3) increased workforce with expertise in TBI treatment; and 4) improved access to transportation services for patients with a TBI. PMID: 30036117 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 25, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Physical activity intensity of patient's with traumatic brain injury during inpatient rehabilitation.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings demonstrate that patients with TBI undergoing inpatient rehabilitation are largely inactive or sedentary. Strategies to promote a safe increase in physical activity intensity are required if cardiovascular conditioning is to be improved during inpatient rehabilitation. PMID: 30036125 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 25, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Influence of demographic factors and clinical status parameters on long-term neurological, psychological and vegetative outcome following traumatic brain injury.
CONCLUSIONS: One-third of the patients are heavily affected by neurological, psychological and vegetative symptoms after surviving TBI. Some demographic factors affected this integrity. PMID: 30024773 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 21, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Longitudinal changes in brain volumetry and cognitive functions after moderate and severe diffuse axonal injury.
Authors: Stewan Feltrin F, Zaninotto AL, Guirado VMP, Macruz F, Sakuno D, Dalaqua M, Magalhães LGA, Paiva WS, Andrade AF, Otaduy MCG, Leite CC Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) induces a long-term process of brain atrophy and cognitive deficits. The goal of this study was to determine whether there are correlations between brain volume loss, microhaemorrhage load (MHL) and neuropsychological performance during the first year after DAI. METHODS: Twenty-four patients with moderate or severe DAI were evaluated at 2, 6 and 12 months post-injury. MHL was evaluated at 3 m...
Source: Brain Injury - July 21, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Sensory dysfunction and traumatic brain injury severity among deployed post-9/11 veterans: a chronic effects of neurotrauma consortium study.
CONCLUSIONS: Sensory problems affect a substantial number of deployed Post-9/11 Veterans and are more common among those with TBI or with exposure to deployment-related blast exposure. Because sensory problems profoundly impact quality of life, their identification and enhanced education and therapy are vital tools to improve prognosis for these relatively young Veterans. PMID: 30024786 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 21, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Sex differences in response to emotion recognition training after traumatic brain injury.
CONCLUSION: This positive finding for the Stories intervention for females contrasts with our conclusions in a previous paper, where an analysis collapsed across sex did not reveal an overall effectiveness of the Stories intervention. This intervention warrants further research and development. PMID: 30015503 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 19, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

In their own words: developing the Parent Experiences Questionnaire following neonatal brain injury using participatory design.
CONCLUSIONS: This investigation offers a valuable new questionnaire to inform clinical care regarding discussions with parents about neonatal brain injury, evaluate the perceived efficacy of early intervention services, and guide relevant future intervention efforts. PMID: 30015511 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 19, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Editorial retraction.
EDITORIAL RETRACTION. Brain Inj. 2018 Jul 18;:1 Authors: PMID: 30019951 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 19, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Relationship between intelligence quotient (IQ) and cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen in patients with neurobehavioural disability after traumatic brain injury.
CONCLUSION: Neurological function negatively correlated with the metabolism of oxygen. It was possible that changes in brain networks increased the neuronal activity in the undamaged areas and that the increased activity compensated for the function decline. PMID: 30010427 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 18, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

The effect of time on cognitive impairments after non-traumatic subarachnoid haemorrhage and after traumatic brain injury.
CONCLUSIONS: Cognitive improvements after SAH and TBI exhibit similarities and correlate with global function. GCS scores are associated with outcome after TBI but not after SAH. PMID: 30010431 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 18, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Chronic effects of neurotrauma consortium: a combined comparative analysis of six studies.
Authors: Cifu DX, Williams R, Hinds SR, Agyemang AA PMID: 30010435 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 18, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Establishing dimensionality of sexual behaviours in patients with regional brain dysfunction.
CONCLUSIONS: Construct validity was established for groups of items pertaining to three unique aspects of sexuality. These findings support further use of the SNIQ in assessing and researching sexual behaviours in patients with dementia and brain injury. PMID: 30010443 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 18, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Preliminary study of hearing protection and non-impact, blast-induced concussion in US military personnel.
Authors: Dougherty AL, MacGregor AJ, Viirre E, Clouser MC, Han PP, Quinn KH, Galarneau MR Abstract PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between hearing protection and non-impact, blast-induced concussion in US military personnel. RESEARCH DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A total of 501 US service members from the Expeditionary Medical Encounter Database with hearing protection status reported either 'worn' or 'not worn' were eligible for analysis. Clinical records were reviewed for concussion diagnoses. Univariate and multiple logistic regressions were performed. MAI...
Source: Brain Injury - July 14, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Examining the relationship and clinical management between traumatic brain injury and pain in military and civilian populations.
Authors: Mehalick ML, Glueck AC Abstract In this review, we discuss the comorbidity of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and pain among civilians and military members, the common causes of pain resulting from TBI, and offer insight about the therapeutic management of TBI symptoms and pain. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a debilitating health problem and one of the most common post-TBI symptoms is pain, which can contribute to psychological issues such as Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Headache pain appears to be the most common type of pain that results from TBI, yet pain can also be more widespr...
Source: Brain Injury - July 12, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Do postconcussive symptoms from traumatic brain injury in combat veterans predict risk for receiving opioid therapy for chronic pain?
CONCLUSIONS: Increased opioid prescribing in veterans with self-reported severe persistent postconcussive symptoms indicates a need to educate prescribers and make non-opioid pain management options available for veterans with TBI and neuropsychological sequelae. PMID: 29985653 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 11, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Cognitive behavioural therapy for aggression among individuals with moderate to severe acquired brain injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: The differences in outcomes may be related to the differential management of anger expression and anger suppression. CBT shows promise, but further studies with comparator groups are needed before conclusions about its efficacy can be made. PMID: 29985654 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 11, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Longitudinal evaluation of ventricular volume changes associated with mild traumatic brain injury in military service members.
CONCLUSIONS: In our longitudinal sample of deployed Veterans, mTBI was not associated with gross brain atrophy as reflected by abnormally high VBR or abnormal increases in VBR over time. PMID: 29985658 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 11, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Improvement of cerebral blood perfusion in certain cerebral regions after cranioplasty could be monitored via tympanic membrane temperature changes.
CONCLUSION: The cranioplasty remarkably improves neurological and cognitive function by ameliorating cerebral perfusion in certain regions. The TMT could be used as a non-invasive method to monitor the cerebral perfusion improvement after the cranioplasty. PMID: 29985665 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 11, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Public perceptions of traumatic brain injury: predictors of knowledge and the effects of education.
Authors: Schellinger SK, Munson B, Kennedy MRT Abstract AIM: Existing research suggests that the public demonstrates inadequate knowledge about traumatic brain injury (TBI), indicating a need for public education initiatives; however, limited research exists on the effectiveness of these initiatives. The purposes of this study were to (1) identify whether any demographic/personal variables (e.g. gender, age, experience with TBI) predicted TBI knowledge and (2) determine whether presenting an educational video to members of the general public would improve knowledge about TBI. METHODS: Participants included 392 ...
Source: Brain Injury - July 11, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Parent and child ratings of child behaviour following mild traumatic brain injury.
CONCLUSIONS: Parents and children have poor agreement in ratings of child behaviour yet there is general agreement in patterns of recovery in the year following mTBI. Findings show the importance of considering both parent and self-report of child behaviour. PMID: 29985672 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 11, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Longitudinal changes in neuroimaging and neuropsychiatric status of post-deployment veterans: A CENC pilot study.
CONCLUSION: MRI WMH changes were not associated with changes in psychiatric diagnoses or symptom burden, but were associated with severity of blast exposure. Future, larger studies might further evaluate presence and aetiology of long-term neuropsychiatric symptoms and MRI findings in blast-exposed populations. PMID: 29985673 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 11, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Exploring the factor structure of a battery of neuropsychological assessments among the CENC cohort.
CONCLUSION: These results provide reasonable evidence that data collected from the CENC neuropsychological battery can be reduced to five clinically useful factors. This will enable us to use the factors for further study of the impact of concussion on neurodegeneration. PMID: 29985676 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 11, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Recruiting for a multicentre DoD and VA longitudinal study: lessons learned.
CONCLUSION: Use of site-specific strategies aligned with local Institutional Review Board procedures and emphasizing awareness of service member organizational allegiances was the key to effective recruiting. Adding a recruitment director with background similar to study participants coincided with significantly improved overall participant numbers and specific subpopulations of research subjects, thus adding to the value of the study. PMID: 29985677 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 11, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

NeuroQuant ® and NeuroGage® reveal effects of traumatic brain injury on brain volume.
This report describes the case of a 58-year-old man with moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) and pre-accident brain disorders who had multiple persistent neuropsychiatric symptoms. NeuroQuant® 2.0 and NeuroGage® 2.0 MRI brain volume analyses were used during the chronic stage of injury (> 1 year after injury) to help understand the effects of the TBI on his brain volume. NeuroQuant® showed widespread cross-sectional atrophy, especially in the frontal and temporal lobes, consistent with encephalomalacia seen on the MRIs. Several of his clinical symptoms were consistent with the volume abnormalitie...
Source: Brain Injury - June 29, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Healthcare professional involvement and RTP compliance in high school athletes with concussion.
CONCLUSIONS: Presence of healthcare professionals and compliance with RTP guidelines varied by sport, gender, level of play and exposure type. High school athletes with concussion are best served by assessment teams with athletic trainers and physicians working together to manage concussions and contribute to RTP decisions. PMID: 29953252 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 29, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Impact of age on acute post-TBI neuropathology in mice expressing humanized tau: a Chronic Effects of Neurotrauma Consortium Study.
CONCLUSIONS: We report the first evidence in our model that r-mTBI precipitates a complex sequelae of events in aged vs young hTau mice at an acute time point, typified by an increase in phosphorylated tau and astroglisosis, and a diminished microgliosis response and axonal injury. These findings suggest differential age-dependent effects in TBI pathobiology. PMID: 29927671 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 22, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Higher exosomal tau, amyloid-beta 42 and IL-10 are associated with mild TBIs and chronic symptoms in military personnel.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that chronic post-concussive symptoms following an mTBI relate to altered exosomal activity, and that greater tau pathology may underlie chronic post-concussive symptoms that develop following mTBIs. It also suggests that central inflammatory activity contributes to PTSD symptoms following an mTBI, providing necessary insights into the role of inflammation in chronic PTSD symptoms. PMID: 29913077 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 19, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Risk factors for recurrent neurotrauma: a population-based study in Southeastern Michigan.
Authors: Hayward RD, Fessler MM, Buck J, Fessler RD Abstract INTRODUCTION: Studies have shown an increased risk of traumatic brain injury (TBI) for individuals who suffer an initial TBI. The current study hypothesized that individuals with recurrent neurotrauma would originate from populations considered 'vulnerable', i.e. low income and/or with psychiatric comorbidities. METHODS: Data from the Michigan State Inpatient Database from 2006 to 2014 for the Detroit metropolitan area enlisted a study population of 50 744 patients with neurotrauma. Binary logistic regression was used to assess risk factors associated...
Source: Brain Injury - June 19, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Deficits in saccades and smooth-pursuit eye movements in adults with traumatic brain injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Authors: Mani R, Asper L, Khuu SK Abstract PURPOSE: To conduct a review of literature and quantify the effect that traumatic brain injury (TBI) has on oculomotor functions (OM). METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted from papers that objectively measured saccades and smooth-pursuit eye movements in mild and severe TBI. RESULTS: The overall impact of TBI on OM functions was moderate and significant with an effect size of 0.42 from 181 OM case-control comparisons. The heterogeneity, determined using the random effect model, was found to be significant (Q (180) = 367, p 
Source: Brain Injury - June 19, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Determining sensitivity and specificity of the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 3 (SCAT3) components in university athletes.
CONCLUSION: The SCAT is a clinically useful tool for assessing concussion in the absence or presence of baseline data within the first 3-5 days post-injury. Clinical utility of the SCAT3 was driven by symptoms, which remains consistent in the SCAT5. Future research should explore whether additional cognitive elements in the SCAT5 improve utility beyond this timeframe. PMID: 29902070 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 15, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Is balance performance reduced after mild traumatic brain injury?: Interim analysis from chronic effects of neurotrauma consortium (CENC) multi-centre study.
CONCLUSION: These findings show that repeated mTBI, partially mediated by pain, may lead to later balance disturbances among military combatants. Further study of CDP outcomes within this accruing cohort is warranted. PMID: 29894203 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 14, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Does a regular Wessex Head Injury Matrix assessment identify early signs of infections in people with Prolonged Disorders of Consciousness?
This study determines whether regular Wessex Head Injury Matrix (WHIM) assessments can identify early signs of infections in patients with PDOC. METHOD: Retrospective and prospective approaches were used to assess the WHIM scores of patients with a PDOC (N = 21 in the retrospective study and 22 in the prospective study). RESULTS: The WHIM total scores decreased due to infections in 17 of the 21 cases of infection (p 
Source: Brain Injury - June 14, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Higher exosomal phosphorylated tau and total tau among veterans with combat-related repetitive chronic mild traumatic brain injury.
The objective of the study is to measure plasma and exosomal levels of tau, phosphorylated tau (p-tau), and amyloid beta (Aβ) in Veterans with historical mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and chronic neuropsychological symptoms. METHODS: Tau, p-tau, Aβ40, and Aβ42 were measured by ultrasensitive immunoassay in plasma and exosomes from 195 Veterans enrolled in the Chronic Effects of Neurotrauma Consortium Multicenter Observational Study. Protein biomarkers were compared among groups with and without mTBI with loss of consciousness (LOC) or post-traumatic amnesia (PTA), and also in those with and without ...
Source: Brain Injury - June 12, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Understanding the impact of mild traumatic brain injury on veteran service-connected disability: results from Chronic Effects of Neurotrauma Consortium.
CONCLUSIONS: mTBI, especially blast related, is associated with higher VA SCD ratings, with each additional mTBI increasing percent SCD. The association of hazardous alcohol use with SCD should be investigated as it may impact veteran health services access and health outcomes. These findings have implications for civilian disability processes. PMID: 29889561 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 12, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

A new modified neuroendoscope technology to remove severe intraventricular haematoma.
CONCLUSION: MNT surgery for severe intraventricular haematoma evacuation is a safe and efficient new surgical option. This technique is minimally invasive and may be helpful to provide good outcomes for selected patients. PMID: 29889578 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 12, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Pain and chronic mild traumatic brain injury in the US military population: a Chronic Effects of Neurotrauma Consortium study.
CONCLUSIONS: mTBI is strongly associated with pain intensity and pain interference in this sample. However, the effect appears to be mediated by other common mTBI comorbidities: PTSD, depression, anxiety and sleep disturbance. PMID: 29883191 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 9, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Convergent thinking and traumatic brain injury: an investigation of performance on the remote associate test.
CONCLUSION: In summary, our findings reveal that convergent thinking can be compromised by moderate-to-severe TBI, furthering our understanding of the higher-level cognitive sequelae of TBI. PMID: 29883201 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - June 9, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

The incidence of anosmia after traumatic brain injury: the SHEFBIT cohort.
Authors: Singh R, Humphries T, Mason S, Lecky F, Dawson J, Sinha S Abstract BACKGROUND: While anosmia is common after Traumatic Brain Injury(TBI) (prevalence 4%-68%),studies differ in the associations found with other variables. AIMS: To assess the incidence of anosmia within a large, mixed TBI cohort and examine relationships with other injury or demographic features, including depression and global outcome(GOSE). DESIGN, SUBJECTS AND SETTING: 774 consecutive TBI admissions over 2 years, assessed within a specialist neurorehabilitation clinic. METHODS: All patients assessed at 6-8 weeks and 1...
Source: Brain Injury - June 8, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research