Volunteering and its association with participation and life satisfaction following traumatic brain injury.
Conclusions: Given the positive relationship between volunteer status with life satisfaction and aspects of participation, future research should investigate the barriers/facilitators of volunteering to improve well-being and participation after TBI. PMID: 31615280 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - October 18, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Cannabis, alcohol and cigarette use during the acute post-concussion period.
Conclusion: In conclusion, cannabis, alcohol and cigarette use were prevalent in the acute period post-concussion; however, were not observed to impact recovery within the first 4 weeks post-injury. Amongst unrecovered individuals, acute cannabis use was associated with lower symptom burden, while cigarette use was associated with greater initial symptom burden. PMID: 31621424 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - October 18, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Patients with chronic mild or moderate traumatic brain injury have abnormal brain enlargement.
Discussion: The finding of many regions of abnormal brain enlargement was relatively new, although a couple of previous studies of patients with mild TBI found similar but more limited findings. The cause of the abnormal enlargement was unknown, but possibilities included: (1) hyperactivity and hypertrophy; or (2) chronic neuro-inflammation and edema. Abbreviations: ADNI: Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative; CWM: cerebral white matter; GM: cerebral cortical gray matter; ICC: intraclass correlations coefficient; IFT: infratentorial; MRI: magnetic resonance imaging; mTBI: mild TBI; NQ: NeuroQuant®; SCN: subcortic...
Source: Brain Injury - September 27, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Complicated mild traumatic brain injury in older adults: Post-concussion symptoms and functional outcome at one week post injury.
Conclusions: Macrostructural abnormality on CT was associated with worse functional outcome at one week post MTBI. PMID: 31550173 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - September 26, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Sex differences and normative data for the m-CTSIB and sensory integration on baseline concussion assessment in collegiate athletes.
Authors: Moran RN, Meek J, Allen J, Robinson J Abstract Primary objective: To investigate sex differences on baseline m-CTSIB and sensory integration function between male and female collegiate athletes and develop preliminary normative data for this population. Methods and procedures: Baseline data were retrospectively analyzed for 591 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes between 2015 and 2018 on the modified Clinical Test for Sensory Interaction and Balance (m-CTSIB). A series of Mann-Whitney U tests were conducted to determine sex differences on m-CTSIB and individual sensory integration perf...
Source: Brain Injury - September 24, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Post-doctoral Research Fellowship in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Concussion at the University of Rochester.
Authors: PMID: 31545692 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - September 24, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Demographical and clinical indices for long-term evolution of patients in vegetative or in minimally conscious state.
Conclusions. Several patients' features easy to collect in rehabilitation setting might help clinicians in prognostication of long-term mortality and clinical evolution of VS and MCS. PMID: 31533482 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - September 21, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

The effectiveness of methylphenidate in improving cognition after brain injury in adults: a systematic review.
Conclusions: There is the strongest level of evidence (Level 1a) suggesting methylphenidate may alleviate cognitive impairments in adults with brain injury. However, longitudinal studies are warranted examining the effectiveness and safety of long-term methylphenidate use in this population. PMID: 31526025 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - September 20, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

The risk factors, outcomes, and costs associated with venous thromboembolism after traumatic brain injury: a nationwide analysis.
Authors: Hoffman H, Jalal MS, Chin LS Abstract Objective: We sought to identify risk factors for VTE following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and determine how venous thromboembolism (VTE) affects outcomes and costs using a national database. Methods: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) was used to identify patients with TBI between 2002 and 2014. VTE was identified as any occurrence of deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism. We investigated putative risk factors for VTE and determined the effect of VTE on outcomes including mortality and disposition. Results: 424,929 patients met the inclusion criteria. Ther...
Source: Brain Injury - September 20, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

The genetic ablation of tau improves long-term, but not short-term, functional outcomes after experimental traumatic brain injury in mice.
CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that tau may play an important role in some of the consequences of TBI, particularly the long-term functional deficits. PMID: 31526028 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - September 20, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Post-concussion driving management among athletic trainers.
Conclusions: ATs recommend driving restrictions to some, but not all, patients with concussion. Overall, ATs recognize post-concussion driving dangers, but do not strongly endorse refraining from driving after a concussion. High school and clinical ATs may manage more adolescent novice drivers and, therefore, act more conservatively. PMID: 31526055 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - September 20, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Multidisciplinary attentive treatment for patients with chronic disorders of consciousness following severe traumatic brain injury in the NASVA of Japan.
Conclusions: MAT can partially improve the cognitive and physical abilities of patients with chronic DOC. From the perspective of not only restoring a patient's daily life, but also reducing the caregiver's burden, this type of treatment program warrants more public attention. PMID: 31530028 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - September 20, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Exposure to uncertainty mediates the effects of traumatic brain injury on probabilistic decision-making in rats.
Conclusions: Going forward, translational studies need to consider the heterogeneity that exists at the clinical level and account for these problems when modeling diseases in animals. PMID: 31532706 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - September 20, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Single tDCS session of motor cortex in patients with disorders of consciousness: a pilot study.
Conclusions: One session of M1 tDCS failed to improve behavioral responsiveness in patients with DOC. Other application strategies should be tested. PMID: 31523995 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - September 18, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Helmet use and bicycle-related trauma injury outcomes.
Authors: Scott LR, Bazargan-Hejazi S, Shirazi A, Pan D, Lee S, Teruya SA, Shaheen M Abstract Background: It is essential to identify factors that predict helmet use, so as to mitigate the injury and mortality from bicycle accidents. Objective: To examine the relationship between helmet use and the bicycle-related trauma injury outcomes among bicyclists with head/neck injury in the US. Methods: Data from the 2002-2012 National Trauma Data Bank were used, including all trauma bicycle riders involved in bicycle-related accidents whose primary reason for the hospital or Intensive Care Unit stay was head or neck injury....
Source: Brain Injury - September 14, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Disorders of consciousness terminology: history, evolution and future directions.
Authors: Zasler ND, Aloisi M, Contrada M, Formisano R Abstract There has been a significant evolution of nomenclature with regards to classification of persons with disorders of consciousness (DoC) over the last 100 years. This paper provides a review of the evolution of this terminology with discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of historical and current terms. Recommendations for how this evolution should continue moving forward in the best interest of patients, their families, society, clinical care, and research will also be addressed. The taxonomy we choose, hopefully by international consensus, has m...
Source: Brain Injury - September 11, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

A prediction model of military combat and training exposures on VA service-connected disability: a CENC study.
Conclusions and Relevance: We found that the highest blast/injury exposure predictor of %SCD ≥50 was number of controlled detonations, followed by total blasts, controlled or uncontrolled, and occurring in deployment or non-deployment settings. Further research confirming repetitive controlled blast exposure as a mechanism of chronic brain insult should be considered. PMID: 31476880 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - September 4, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Preliminary validation of the coma recovery scale for pediatrics in typically developing young children.
Authors: Slomine BS, Suskauer SJ, Nicholson R, Giacino JT Abstract Objective: To examine the basic psychometric features of a modified version of the Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R) for use in young children with disorders of consciousness (DoC). Method: The CRS-R was modified to create the Coma Recovery Scale for Pediatrics (CRS-P) and administered to 33 typically developing children (8-59 months). Total scores, subtest scores, and inter-rater reliability were evaluated. Performance on the two items representing emergence to conscious state (CS) - functional object use (FOU) and functional communication (FC) w...
Source: Brain Injury - August 31, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Sleep following traumatic brain injury (TBI): experiences and influencing factors.
Conclusions: This study provides a description of reported sleep experiences following TBI and adds new knowledge regarding sleep management strategies and preferences for resources. The findings suggest a need for education regarding sleep for rehabilitation professionals and long-term sleep support after discharge from rehabilitation. PMID: 31462085 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 31, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Modest utility of brief oculomotor test for concussion screening in military mixed-martial arts training.
Conclusions: The KD test should not be used in isolation as a sideline or field concussion assessment during training scenarios. Rather, it has potential utility for evaluating individual cases to supplement decision making when an established baseline is available. PMID: 31454275 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 29, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Long-term employment outcomes following moderate to severe traumatic brain injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Conclusion: Nearly half of individuals with msTBI were employed post-injury, yet only a third returned to pre-injury level of work. Future researchers are recommended to standardize employment outcome measures to enable better comparison of outcomes across studies. PMID: 31454278 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 29, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Systematic review of visual rehabilitation interventions for oculomotor deficits in patients with brain injury.
Conclusions: Oculomotor rehabilitation interventions showed some efficacy in treating patients with brain injury; however, there were very few studies overall. Several eye movement types - fixation, saccades, pursuit, vergence, and accommodation - can be elicited manually by therapists. We eagerly await the development and implementation of new intervention programs for broad-based clinical practice. PMID: 31455098 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 29, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

The relationship between resilience, emotional distress, and community participation outcomes following traumatic brain injury.
Conclusions: Though related to emotional distress, self-reported resilience makes a unique contribution to predicting outcomes over time following brain injury, and may impact the relationship between stress and negative participation outcomes. As such, it is possible interventions that promote resilience may mitigate distress and promote community integration. PMID: 31456432 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 29, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

The prevalence, characteristics, and impact of head injury in female prisoners: a systematic PRISMA review.
Conclusion: HI is prevalent in female prisoners, and their needs and experiences may differ from male prisoners with HI and female prisoners without. Future research should address methodological limitations to allow a firm, evidence base for effective services and interventions for female prisoners with HI to be developed. PMID: 31456433 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 29, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

The utility of the Convergence Insufficiency Symptom Survey (CISS) post-concussion.
Conclusions: Both the previously published CISS cutoff and our sample-based cutoff score yielded a high rate of false positives for receded NPC. CISS scores post-concussion may help the clinician understand difficulties with visual tasks but is not a suitable diagnostic tool in this patient population. PMID: 31446780 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 28, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Content of inpatient rehabilitation for patients with traumatic brain injury: A comparison of Canadian and American facilities.
Authors: Zarshenas S, Horn SD, Colantonio A, Jaglal S, Cullen N Abstract Objective: To compare components of inpatient rehabilitation (IR) for patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) between Canada and the US facilities. Design: Secondary analysis of the TBI-practice-based evidence dataset. Participants: Patients with TBI who had a higher Functional Independence Measure (FIMTM) cognitive function score (≥21) that were admitted to 1 IR facility in Canada (n = 103) and 9 IR facilities in the US (n = 401). Main measures: demographic and clinical characteristics, type and intensity of activities by discipline, di...
Source: Brain Injury - August 28, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Severe acquired brain injury aetiologies, early clinical factors, and rehabilitation outcomes: a retrospective study on pediatric patients in rehabilitation.
Conclusion: Future studies should analyze larger cohorts and investigate mechanisms linking specific etiologies and patients' age with outcomes. PMID: 31446793 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 28, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Assessing aggression following Acquired Brain Injury (ABI): a systematic review of assessment measures.
Conclusions: Although a large number of general measures were available, there are few measures that only assess post-ABI aggression, and many are not well-validated. Future research should assess the psychometric properties of these measures. PMID: 31449427 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 28, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Computer Tomography (CT) for head injury: adherence to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) criteria.
Conclusion Adherence to NICE guidelines for head injury is inadequate but can be improved by interventions. PMID: 31442088 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 25, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Traumatic brain injury in Portugal: progress in incidence and mortality.
Conclusions: The results are consistent with other studies, revealing a decrease in cases, but a high mortality in the elderly population, and the need of more preventive measures. PMID: 31442091 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 25, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Characterizing symptoms of traumatic brain injury in survivors of intimate partner violence.
Conclusions: Taken together, these findings can contribute to the development of enhanced screening tools and supports to help front-line staff identify TBI as a possible contributor to challenges faced by IPV survivors. By this means, women who have experienced IPV will be more likely to break the cycle of abuse and have more positive long-term health outcomes. PMID: 31442093 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 25, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Long-term effects of executive function training among veterans with chronic TBI.
Authors: Novakovic-Agopian T, Kornblith E, Abrams G, McQuaid JR, Posecion L, Burciaga J, D'Esposito M, Chen AJW Abstract Objective: To investigate long-term effects of GOALS executive function training in Veterans with chronic TBI. In a recently completed study Veterans with chronic TBI showed improvement immediately post-GOALS but not control training on measures of executive function, functional task performance, and emotion regulation. We now examine the long-term maintenance of post-GOALS training changes in the same sample. Setting: San Francisco VA Health Care System (SFVAHCS), and VA Northern California Heal...
Source: Brain Injury - August 21, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

'Mild Traumatic Brain Injury' and 'Sport-related Concussion': Different languages and mixed messages?
Authors: King NS Abstract The last 20 years has seen the emergence of a sub-category of the mild traumatic brain injury literature termed 'sport-related concussion'. Some important differences now exist between this sub-category and the wider findings in the field and these could be detrimental to patients with persisting post-concussion symptoms (PCS). Sport-related studies often emphasize the cerebral risks associated with concussive injuries whilst the broader literature typically focuses on the relatively benign organic implications and the role of psychological factors in persisting symptoms. Clinically, anxie...
Source: Brain Injury - August 18, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Multi-parametric analysis reveals metabolic and vascular effects driving differences in BOLD-based cerebrovascular reactivity associated with a history of sport concussion.
Conclusion: These results emphasize that while BOLD-CVR offers promises as a surrogate non-specific biomarker for cerebrovascular health following SRC, multiple hemodynamic parameters can affect its relative measurements. Abbreviations: [dHb]: concentration of deoxyhemoglobin; AFNI: Analysis of Functional NeuroImages ( https://afni.nimh.nih.gov ); ASL: arterial spin labeling; BIG: position group: defensive and offensive linemen; BIG-SKILL: position group: full backs, linebackers, running backs, tight-ends; BOLD: blood oxygen level dependent; CBF: cerebral blood flow; CMRO2: cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen consumption; CT...
Source: Brain Injury - July 30, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Products and activities associated with non-fatal traumatic brain injuries in children and adolescents - United States 2010-2013.
Authors: Ali B, Lawrence BA, Miller T, Allison J Abstract Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is prevalent in children and adolescents ages
Source: Brain Injury - July 30, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Development of muscle contractures and spasticity during subacute rehabilitation after severe acquired brain injury: a prospective cohort study.
Conclusion: Patients with severe ABI show reduced mobility and increased passive stiffness despite less spasticity in the ankle joint compared to healthy controls. Research and clinical practice should therefore focus intensively on the prevention of contractures in the ankle joint. ISRCTN17910097. PMID: 31347406 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 29, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Emotion habituation is accelerated in chronic mild traumatic brain injury.
Conclusions: Although there are subtle differences in emotion responses in chronic mTBI, the differences were not associated with mental health disturbances. Nevertheless, this difference in emotional processing may increase risk for untested mental health issues. PMID: 31348684 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 29, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

What impact can hospitalization environment produce on the ANS functioning in patients with Unresponsive Wakefulness Syndrome? - 24-hour monitoring.
In this study, we observed the correlations between patients with UWS biometrical and ambient parameters. Methods: A dedicated monitoring system was realized to record and correlate the level of noise and luminosity with biometric Heart Rate (HR), Heart Rate Variability (HRV) and Breath Rate (BR) parameters. Eleven patients with UWS were recruited and monitored for 13 ± 7 days. Correlation of ambient and biometric parameters was analyzed by Spearman's test. Wilcoxon's test was used to compare the biometric parameters in two different moments of daily activity in the rehabilitation unit (night and day). Patients show...
Source: Brain Injury - July 25, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Golf cart associated traumatic brain injury.
Conclusions: Head injuries sustained by golf cart accidents are not insignificant and may be underreported. More awareness of these injuries and safety guidelines are needed. PMID: 31335210 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 25, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Pediatric traumatic brain injury and antisocial behavior: are they linked? A systematic review.
Conclusions: The review identified several issues in the current literature, highlighting key areas for improvement. It is imperative that more attention is paid to gathering detailed information regarding the temporal sequencing of events and TBI severity; evaluating the contribution of biopsychosocial variables co-occurring with TBI and antisocial behavior; disentangling which outcomes are specific to TBI versus any injury. The review has implications for the health and justice systems; regardless of whether TBI is the cause versus a contributing factor to antisocial behavior, increased awareness of their association cou...
Source: Brain Injury - July 23, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Diagnostic accuracy of the CRS-R index in patients with disorders of consciousness.
Conclusion: The CRS-R index is reliable to diagnose patients with UWS and MCS and can be used in compliance with the CRS-R scoring guidelines. The obtained index offers the opportunity to improve the interpretation of clinical assessment and can be used in (longitudinal) research protocols. Abbreviations: CRS-R: Coma Recovery Scale-Revised; CRS-R-MS: Coma Recovery Scale-Revised Modified Score; DOC: Disorders of Consciousness; MCS: Minimally Conscious State; UWS: Unresponsive Wakefulness Syndrome; ROC: Receiver Operating Characteristic; AUC: Area Under the Curve; IRT: Item Response Theory. PMID: 31319707 [PubMed - as su...
Source: Brain Injury - July 20, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Inhibition of EphA/Ephrin-A signaling using genetic and pharmacologic approaches improves recovery following traumatic brain injury in mice.
Conclusions: Eph/Ephrin signaling plays an inhibitory role following TBI. Targeting the Eph signaling pathway with Fc fusion proteins and pharmacological agents can be a novel strategy to counter the damaging effects of TBI. Abbreviations: LFP: lateral fluid percussion; TBI: traumatic brain injury; KO: knockout; WT: wildtype; PTP2: protein phosphotyrosine phosphatase 2; Tg: transgenic; YFP: yellow fluorescent protein; ATM: atmospheres; RT-qPCR: Real-time-quantitative PCR; dpi: days post injury; GAPDH: glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase; DAPI: 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole; PBS: phosphate buffered saline; GFAP: glial ...
Source: Brain Injury - July 20, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Level of motor, sensory and functional impairment from stroke at admission and hospital discharge in Brazil.
Authors: Medeiros CSP, Pacheco TBF, Cavalcanti FADC, Cacho RO, Bezerra AMDS Abstract Primary Objective: To compare the level of motor, sensory and functional impairment of individuals hospitalized in a stroke unit in Brazil at the time of admission and the profile observed at hospital discharge. Design: Observational and longitudinal outcome study. Methods and Procedure: We assessed 41 patients with ischemic stroke at admission and hospital discharge by using the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), Fugl-Meyer Physical Performance Scale (FM), Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and Modified Rankin S...
Source: Brain Injury - July 20, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

The role of sleep deficiency in the trajectory of postconcussive symptoms in adolescents.
Authors: Tham SW, Aaron RV, Palermo TM Abstract Objective: To investigate the trajectory of sleep deficiency after concussion and examine its role as a predictor of postconcussive symptoms (PCS) over 3 weeks and at 3 months post-concussion. Design: This was a prospective pilot study of 29 adolescents recruited from a pediatric Emergency Department (69% female, mean age = 14.0 years, SD = 1.8) following a concussion. Methods: Adolescents completed questionnaire assessments at baseline, Weeks 1, 2, and 3 on PCS and sleep patterns. Concurrently, adolescents also completed a daily diary and wore an actigraph continuous...
Source: Brain Injury - July 20, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Risk of female sexual dysfunction following concussion in women of reproductive age.
Conclusions: This study highlights the need for more research and interventions for one of the fastest growing subgroups within the TBI population. PMID: 31322004 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 20, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Factor structure models for the Post-Concussion Syndrome Scale with monolingual Spanish-speaking adults from Colombia.
CONCLUSIONS: While the PCSS appears to capture general post-TBI sequelae, the underlying factors may differ due to cultural and linguistic differences in Spanish-speaking individuals. Clinical implications and future directions are further discussed. PMID: 31313601 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 19, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

There's no cure for brain injury: work-related stress in brain injury rehabilitation professionals.
Conclusion: This study provides a deeper understanding of work-related stress and challenges of working in the brain injury rehabilitation field, as well as appreciation for the personal and organisational strategies that may help to offset stress. The unpredictable nature of working in brain injury rehabilitation impacted professionals at the micro, mezzo, and macro levels of practice. Overall, it was apparent that the participants interviewed were highly resilient individuals, demonstrating acceptance and flexibility in the limitations they face working in the field of brain injury rehabilitation. PMID: 31313612 [Pub...
Source: Brain Injury - July 19, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Long-term outcomes in children with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury: a single-centre retrospective study.
Authors: Hwang SY, Ong JW, Ng ZM, Foo CY, Chua SZ, Sri D, Lee JH, Chong SL Abstract Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a significant cause of mortality and disability in the pediatric population. Non-accidental trauma (NAT) has specifically been reported to result in more severe injury as compared to accidental mechanisms of injury. We aim to investigate the long-term neurological outcomes in children with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury. Our secondary aim is to evaluate the difference in outcomes between children presenting with NAT and non-NAT, in our study population. We performed a retrospective study in...
Source: Brain Injury - July 19, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Applicability of traumatic brain injury rehabilitation interventions in natural disaster settings.
Conclusions: Many recommendations for TBI care are challenging to implement in disaster settings due to complexities related to the environment, resources, service provision, workforce, and other reasons. Further research is needed to identify and address barriers for implementation. PMID: 31314600 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 19, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Clinical practice guidelines for rehabilitation in traumatic brain injury: a critical appraisal.
In conclusion, although rehabilitation is an integral component in TBI management, many published CPGs do not include rehabilitation. These CPGs, however, recommend comprehensive, flexible coordinated multidisciplinary care and appropriate follow-up, education, and support for patients with TBI (and carers). PMID: 31314607 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - July 19, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research