The utility of heart rate variability as a prognostic factor in children with traumatic brain injury.
This study aimed to do a literature review to prove the hypothesis that a change in autonomous nervous system regulation, more precisely a decrease in heart rate variability (HRV), is associated with a worse outcome and could be used as a prognostic factor in children with TBI. METHODS: Databases (Pubmed, World of Science and Scopus) studies were conducted from 1996 to 2017, considering HRV in children with TBI. Seven studies were analyzed. RESULTS: Patients that became brain dead had a markedly lower LF/HF ratio, with a significant decrease after the first few hours of hospitalization. Patients with a more favorab...
Source: Brain Injury - November 18, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Square peg round hole - Time to customise a concussion assessment tools for primary care: The New Zealand experience? A call for a GP-SCAT.
Authors: Salmon DM, Sullivan SJ, Murphy I, Mihalik JKR, Dougherty B, McCrory G Abstract In rugby union concussions are a player welfare concern, particularly in the community game where there is often minimal sideline medical support. New Zealand Rugby (NZR) has three primary goals around the management of concussions in the community game: (1) players with a suspected concussion are removed from the game or training; (2) players are referred into primary care for a diagnosis by a general practitioner(GPs) (doctor in primary care); (3) prior to returning to contact training that they are medically cleared by a doct...
Source: Brain Injury - November 18, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Psychological status and role of caregivers in the neuro-rehabilitation of patients with severe Acquired Brain Injury (ABI).
CONCLUSIONS: We posited a virtuous circle involving caregivers within the neuro-rehabilitation process, according to which the caregivers' psychological well-being could be strictly associated to a better level of caregiving and to a better functional outcome of the patients that, in turn, could positively influence the caregivers' psychological well-being. Although preliminary, these results suggest a specific psycho-educational intervention, aimed at improving the caregivers' psychological well-being and at facilitating their caring of the loved one. PMID: 33190555 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - November 18, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

The effects of exercise to promote quality of life in individuals with traumatic brain injuries: a systematic review.
CONCLUSION: Due to the diversity of the exercise training interventions, heterogeneity of patient characteristics, multitude of QOL instruments and outcome domains assessed, it was not possible to draw any definitive conclusion about the effectiveness of exercise interventions. However, this review identified positive trends to enhance various aspects of QOL measured using a range of assessment tools. PMID: 33190557 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - November 18, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Altered sexual function after central neurological system trauma is reflective of region of injury; brain vs spinal cord.
CONCLUSION: TBI and SCI produce predictable impacts upon sexual function following injury, the impact of which were less frequently addressed during inpatient rehabilitation for those with TBI. PMID: 33190566 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - November 18, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Changes in attentional processing following neurofeedback in patients with persistent post-concussive symptoms: a pilot study.
CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that LZT may positively affect attention globally, but does not target specific attention networks. These pilot data warrant the initiation of a clinical trial evaluating the effectiveness of LZT for treating attention deficits in patients with PPCS. PMID: 33196305 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - November 18, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Establishing 'proof of concept' for a social cognition group treatment program (SIFT IT) after traumatic brain injury: two case studies.
CONCLUSION: Feasibility and limited efficacy outcomes established 'proof of concept' of SIFT IT. Findings will inform the study protocol for a larger randomized-controlled trial. PMID: 33180565 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - November 14, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

'Less is more': validation with Rasch analysis of five short-forms for the Brain Injury Rehabilitation Trust Personality Questionnaires (BIRT-PQs).
CONCLUSIONS: After extensive modifications, including a 48% reduction of the item load, we obtained five short forms of the BIRT-PQs satisfying the strict measurement requirements of the Rasch model. The ordinal-to-interval measurement conversion tables allow measuring on the same metric the perception of the neurobehavioral disability for both patients with s-ABI and their caregivers. PMID: 33180650 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - November 14, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Traumatic brain injury in the acute care setting: assessment and management practices of speech-language pathologists.
CONCLUSIONS: These results highlight the need for more consistent training about cognitive-communication deficits during and after graduate school, as well as the development of sensitive, specific, and standardized assessment tools, education protocols, and shared language for describing patients with TBI along the continuum of care. PMID: 33164599 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - November 12, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Does cognitive-behavioural therapy improve sleep outcomes in individuals with traumatic brain injury: a scoping review.
CONCLUSION: This review provides evidence that CBT/CBT-I following a TBI can improve sleep outcomes and reduce concomitant symptoms. More robust studies are needed due to limited number of randomized control trials to determine if CBT/CBT-I is an effective treatment in individuals with TBI. PMID: 33112696 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - October 29, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Eye movement performance and clinical outcomes among female athletes post-concussion.
Authors: Gallagher V, Vesci B, Mjaanes J, Breiter H, Chen Y, Herrold A, Reilly J Abstract BACKGROUND: Most post-concussion eye movement (EM) research involves predominantly male samples. We evaluated pro- (PRO; reflexive shift of visual attention to target) and anti- (ANTI; executive control of visual attention away from target) computer-based saccade task performance among female, collegiate athletes with recent concussion (CON) versus healthy-control athletes (HC). We evaluated the relationship between EM performance and post-concussion outcomes. We hypothesized ANTI performance would differ among CON and HC due ...
Source: Brain Injury - October 28, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Neurorehabilitation in the times of Covid-19: insights from the Spanish Neurorehabilitation Society (SENR).
This article is intended to invite to reflect on and discuss the redesign of our current neurorehabilitation plans after the experience on the Covid 19 pandemic. PMID: 33104386 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - October 28, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Effect of age at time of injury on long-term changes in intrinsic functional connectivity in traumatic brain injury.
CONCLUSION: Long-term increases in rsFC were found following TBI, but age at the time of injury was associated with distinct rsFC profiles suggesting that younger patients show greater increases in rsFC over time. PMID: 33090913 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - October 23, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Neurological manifestations in COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Stroke is the most frequently reported neurological manifestation in COVID-19 and has the highest mortality rate. Neurological manifestations tend to develop one to two weeks after the onset of respiratory disease. There is significant morbidity and mortality associated with COVID-19 neurological manifestations. PMID: 33074036 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - October 22, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Sleep disturbances in young adults with childhood traumatic brain injury: relationship with fatigue, depression, and quality of life.
CONCLUSIONS: . These preliminary findings underscore associations between subjective sleep disturbance, fatigue, depression, and QoL in this TBI sample, and mostly comparable outcomes in sleep, fatigue, depression, and QoL between the TBI and TDC groups. Further research is required to clarify these findings. PMID: 33054410 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - October 20, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Head impacts in semiprofessional male Soccer players: a prospective video analysis over one season of competitive games.
Conclusions: Intentional headers were relatively common, contrary to involuntary head impacts that were however mainly due to heading duels. Head-to-head impact should lead to a systematic exit from the game for suspicion of concussion. PMID: 33070665 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - October 20, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Using the health belief model to predict concussion-reporting intentions and behaviour.
Authors: Weber Rawlins ML, Welch Bacon CE, Tomporowski P, Gay JL, Bierema LL, Schmidt JD Abstract PURPOSE: To determine whether Health Belief Model (HBM) factors predict concussion-reporting intentions and behaviour. Methods: Participants completed a cross-sectional survey to measure the HBM constructs of concussion knowledge, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, and cues to action. We also asked participants to indicate their concussion-reporting intentions and behaviourfor symptom and concussion reporting. Four separate multivariable regressions were conducted to p...
Source: Brain Injury - October 15, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Mediators of quality of life in brain injury.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings underscore the importance of incorporating psychosocial factors into interventions, with attention on increasing levels of perceived social support and mastery skills to foster greater QOL. PMID: 33044881 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - October 15, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Association of seizure co-morbidity with early hospital readmission among traumatic brain injury patients.
CONCLUSION: One in 10 patients hospitalized with TBI in the US have a co-morbid seizure disorder. Seizure co-morbidity conferred 18% greater odds of being readmitted within 30 days. PMID: 33017194 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - October 7, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Providing equal attention: designing control groups for intensive lifestyle interventions after brain injury.
CONCLUSIONS: Intervention studies should incorporate strong scientific designs and active control conditions to assess effectiveness and aid in replication. Following recommended guidelines, we provide an active control condition for future group-based intensive lifestyle interventions post-TBI. PMID: 33001707 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - October 3, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Memory in repeat sports-related concussive injury and single-impact traumatic brain injury.
Conclusions: RC/SCI is primarily associated with consolidation deficits, which differs from SI-TBI. Given the role of the hippocampus in memory consolidation and the fact that hyperphosphorylated tau tends to accumulate in the medial temporal lobe in RC/SCI, consolidation deficits may be a cognitive marker of chronic traumatic encephalopathy in athletes. PMID: 32990043 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - September 30, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

The effects of aquatic therapy during post-acute neurorehabilitation in patients with severe traumatic brain injury: a preliminary randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: Our results may support the use of AT during post-acute phase to improve motor functions and quality of life in patients with sTBI. PMID: 32991207 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - September 30, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

The relationship between fluid biomarkers and clinical outcomes in sports-related concussions: a systematic review.
CONCLUSION: There is currently insufficient evidence to support a relationship between any of the included fluid biomarkers and clinical outcome measures of concussion. Future research including clinical outcome measures and using standardized study design and methodology is necessary. PMID: 32962430 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - September 24, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Traumatic brain injury in the Republic of Ireland twenty-five years on: a comparison of two cohorts from a neurosurgical unit.
CONCLUSION: There has been a sizable change in the landscape of TBI as seen in the Republic of Ireland's national NSU including in demographics, mechanism of injury, and injury severity. PMID: 32954840 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - September 23, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Self-efficacy in non-concussed youth: a normative study.
CONCLUSIONS: These normative ranges and predictive model can be used to provide a benchmark of self-efficacy to indicate how youth may respond to a concussion, and to inform clinical care during recovery. PMID: 32910683 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - September 13, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

A scoping review to explore the experiences and outcomes of younger people with disabilities in residential aged care facilities.
CONCLUSIONS: This review highlights the negative outcomes young people experience while living in aged care. Future research should investigate the trajectory and support needs of young people in aged care facilities. Systemic changes are required to meet the needs of young people with complex needs at risk of admission to aged care including timely rehabilitation and housing and support options. PMID: 32897740 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - September 10, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

The sibling relationship after acquired brain injury (ABI): perspectives of siblings with ABI and uninjured siblings.
Conclusions The sibling relationship was experienced as a continually evolving source of closeness and conflict within the family context. ABI enhanced preexisting dynamics and created new dynamics, shaped by social attitudes toward ABI. Increased understanding of ABI supported closer relationships, highlighting a need for psychoeducational interventions across the lifespan. PMID: 32866049 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - September 2, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Cognitive-communication skills and acute outcome following mild traumatic brain injury.
CONCLUSION: The likelihood of individuals requiring rehabilitation services post mTBI was related to performance on several oral expression and auditory comprehension measures. It is therefore important to evaluate cognitive-communication skills early to determine rehabilitation needs. PMID: 32857623 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 30, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

In vivo KPT-350 treatment decreases cortical hyperexcitability following traumatic brain injury.
CONCLUSION: KPT-350 can prevent cortical hyperexcitability and reduce the loss of parvalbumin-(+) GABAergic inhibitory neurons, making it a potential therapeutic option for preventing PTE. PMID: 32853051 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 28, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Caregiver burden in familial caregivers and foreign domestic workers of patients with traumatic brain injury in a multi-ethnic Asian population.
Authors: Tay M, Kong KH Abstract OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors associated with caregiver burden in familial caregivers and foreign domestic workers of patients with severe traumatic brain injury. METHODS: A total of 77 caregivers were consecutively recruited, who were either familial caregivers or foreign domestic workers. All caregivers were evaluated with the Zarit Burden Index (ZBI), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and General Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine factors associated with...
Source: Brain Injury - August 25, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Improving communication with patients in post-traumatic amnesia: development and impact of a clinical protocol.
CONCLUSIONS: Although questioning patients is a natural part of medical care, targeted staff training can result in positive changes in communication practice and should be considered for facilities treating patients in PTA. PMID: 32835514 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 25, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Excessive daytime sleepiness after traumatic brain injury.
CONCLUSION: EDS is common after TBI in a community setting and is associated with several factors, which likely interact to contribute toward worse outcome. Anxiety is a factor that, if routinely assessed and considered during patient care choices, may assist in favorable sleep-related outcome during and after post-TBI recovery. PMID: 32835526 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 25, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Contributions of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and mild TBI (mTBI) history to suicidality in the INTRuST consortium.
CONCLUSION: Findings suggest that PTSD seems to be driving risk for suicidal behaviour. PMID: 32811203 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 21, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

The relationship of religious coping strategies and family harmony with caregiver burden for family members of patients with stroke.
Authors: Kes D, Aydin Yildirim T Abstract AIM: Patients with stroke experience various challenges such as motor and cognitive and sensory problems, which can increase the caregiver burden of family members in long-term care. Understanding the factors related to caregiver burden is important to develop strategies to support informal caregivers. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the relationship of religious coping strategies and family harmony to caregiver burden for family members of patients with stroke. METHOD: The sample of this descriptive, cross-sectional study consisted of 181 family caregivers who c...
Source: Brain Injury - August 21, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Creating an appropriate adaptation of a healthy lifestyle intervention for people after stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: Feedback from the diverse group of stakeholders provides the basis for modifying an evidence-based healthy lifestyle intervention to meet the unique needs of people after stroke. Future research efforts should examine the efficacy and effectiveness of the adapted program to prevent weight gain after stroke and reduce the risk of chronic conditions including diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and heart disease. PMID: 32813569 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 21, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

The management of depression following traumatic brain injury: A systematic review with meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: Methylphenidate was the most effective pharmacotherapy. Sertraline appears effective for prevention. The efficacy of psychological interventions is unclear. TMS as a combination therapy appears promising. Heterogeneity of study populations and dearth of evidence means results should be interpreted cautiously. PMID: 32809854 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 20, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

The integrated functions of the cardiac autonomic and vestibular/oculomotor systems in adolescents following severe traumatic brain injury and typically developing controls.
Authors: Sorek G, Gagnon I, Schneider K, Chevignard M, Stern N, Fadida Y, Kalderon L, Shaklai S, Katz-Leurer M Abstract INTRODUCTION: The cardiac autonomic control system (CACS) is frequently impaired post-traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the prevalence of vestibular/oculomotor impairment is less studied. These two systems interact during position change and contribute to blood-pressure regulation through the vestibulo-sympathetic reflex. Aim: To assess the CACS, the vestibular/oculomotor systems and their integrative function in adolescents post-TBI compared to typically-developing (TD) adolescents. Methods:...
Source: Brain Injury - August 20, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Comparing focused attention meditation to meditation with mobile neurofeedback for persistent symptoms after mild-moderate traumatic brain injury: a pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: Meditating with neurofeedback does not appear to provide an advantage over meditating on one's own for chronic post-TBI symptoms. Further research on home-based meditation following TBI, whether self-directed or technologically facilitated, is warranted. PMID: 32783645 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 14, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Statins in survivors of traumatic brain injury: a propensity score-matched analysis.
CONCLUSION: This study did not show benefit or harm for statins among survivors of TBI. Our findings do not support the evidence from some animal studies and small randomized controlled trials. Further studies utilizing larger sample sizes are warranted. PMID: 32790503 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 14, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Use of CGRP receptor blocker erenumab in the management of post-traumatic headache: a case series of 5 women.
CONCLUSION: Erenumab appears to be safe and effective for the management of PTH. PMID: 32790533 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 14, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Availability of vocational rehabilitation services for people with acquired brain injury in Dutch rehabilitation institutions.
CONCLUSIONS: Currently, at least 30% of the Dutch rehabilitation institutions offer VR services for people with ABI; there is variation in processes. PMID: 32791017 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 14, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Pediatric minor head trauma in Brazil and external validation of PECARN rules with a cost-effectiveness analysis.
Authors: Furtado LMF, da Costa Val Filho JA, Dos Santos AR, E Sá RF, Sandes BL, Hon Y, Dos Santos Júnior EC, Faleiro RM Abstract BACKGROUND: Pediatric minor head trauma approaches aim to ensure the absence of traumatic brain lesions, minimize ionizing radiation, and enhance cost control. We evaluated the applicability and cost-effectiveness of the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) rules after head trauma and rationalize the use of head computed tomography (CT) scans. METHODS: We retrospectively divided patients
Source: Brain Injury - August 14, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Virtual reality gaming as a neurorehabilitation tool for brain injuries in adults: A systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: The varying quality of the included studies provides moderate support for use of VR-enhanced rehabilitation techniques per the van Tulder criteria. This highlights the continued gap in the literature for robust studies that enable providers, policy makers, and the public to draw conclusions about the effectiveness of VR-enhanced rehabilitation for traumatic brain injury. Continued pursuit of analyses in the context of newer immersive VR-enhanced rehabilitation is recommended. PMID: 32791020 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 14, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Chemokine C-C motif ligand 2 suppressed the growth of human brain astrocytes under Ischemic/hypoxic conditions via regulating ERK1/2 pathway.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results not only developed a deeper understanding of the role of CCL2 in human brain astrocytes but also provided novel insight into potential treatments for ischemic stroke. PMID: 32749897 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 13, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Inpatient length of stay moderates the relationship between payer source and functional outcomes in pediatric brain injury.
Authors: Juliano AC, Lequerica AH, Marino C, Marchetta C, DeLuca J Abstract OBJECTIVE: To examine the extent to which race/ethnicity, length of rehabilitation hospital stay (LOS), and payer source contribute to functional status following inpatient rehabilitation in children with acquired brain injury (ABI). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study from a pediatric rehabilitation hospital including 485 individuals with ABI. METHODS: Functional Independence Measure for Children (WeeFIM) scores were transformed into age-corrected Developmental Functional Quotients (DFQ) to examine the effects of race/ethnicity, LOS...
Source: Brain Injury - August 13, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Blast exposure results in tau and neurofilament light chain changes in peripheral blood.
Authors: Edwards KA, Leete JJ, Tschiffely AE, Moore CY, Dell KC, Statz JK, Carr W, Walker PB, LoPresti ML, Ahlers ST, Yarnell AM, Gill J Abstract OBJECTIVES: To evaluate how blast exposure impacts peripheral biomarkers. in military personnel enrolled in 10-day blast training. METHODS: On day 7, 21 military personnel experienced peak overpressure
Source: Brain Injury - August 13, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

A tool for measuring burden in activities and participation of clients with acquired brain injury: the FINAH-instrument.
CONCLUSIONS: These results show that FINAH can ameliorate the estimation of the health care professional on the self-assessed burden of clients and nonprofessional caregivers, thus substantiating a more client-centred approach. PMID: 32755421 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 13, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Consciousness recovery after various periods in vegetative state.
CONCLUSIONS: The rate of recovery from VS decreases significantly with time, but contrary to previous consensus, 6-12 months after admission to ICCR, the odds of recovery from VS after TBI and NTBI remain substantial. PMID: 32757790 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 13, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

The Family Needs Questionnaire-Revised: a Rasch analysis of measurement properties in the chronic phase after traumatic brain injury.
CONCLUSION: The FNQ-R is a well-targeted instrument for assessing the unmet needs of caregivers regarding the need for health information, emotional support, professional support and a community support network after some scoring adjustment and the removal of misfitting items. Caution should be taken when comparing responses across countries. PMID: 32758024 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 13, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research

Cognitive and psychological interventions for the reduction of post-concussion symptoms in patients with mild traumatic brain injury: a systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: There was no effect on symptom reduction at 3 to 6 months for PCS interventions but improved functional outcomes were shown for patients with MTBI at 6 months. Long-lasting effects of interventions at 12 months or after were not studied. PMID: 32772725 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Brain Injury)
Source: Brain Injury - August 13, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research