The Main Determinants for Suicidal Ideation in a Romanian Cohort of Multiple Sclerosis Patients.
Conclusions: The prevalence of SC is higher in patients with MS compared to the general population. Their occurrence is mostly influenced by the disease itself (duration, relapses, acquired disability) and also by depression and lack of education. PMID: 32399081 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Behavioural Neurology)
Source: Behavioural Neurology - May 14, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Romaniuc A, Bălaşa R, Ştirbu N, Maier S, Andone S, Bajko Z, Bărcuţean L, Voidăzan S, Moţăţăianu A Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Neuropsychological Changes in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS).
de JH Abstract Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) is a poorly understood chronic pain condition of multifactorial origin. CRPS involves sensory, motor, and autonomic symptoms primarily affecting one extremity. Patients can also present with neuropsychological changes such as reduced attention to the CRPS-affected extremity, reminiscent of hemispatial neglect, yet in the absence of any brain lesions. However, this "neglect-like" framework is not sufficient to characterise the range of higher cognitive functions that can be altered in CRPS. This comprehensive literature review synthesises evidence of ne...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - May 14, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Halicka M, Vittersø AD, Proulx MJ, Bultitude JH Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Social Cognition in Rehabilitation Context: Different Evolution of Affective and Cognitive Theory of Mind in Mild Cognitive Impairment.
Abstract Maintaining social skills such as Theory of Mind (ToM) competences is important to counteract the conversion into dementia in Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). Multidimensional nonpharmacological interventions demonstrated their potential in improving cognitive and behavioral abilities; however, little is known about the long-term effect of such interventions on social skills in people with MCI. The aim of this longitudinal study was to monitor ToM competences considering both cognitive and affective domains in an amnestic MCI (aMCI) sample involved in a home-based multistimulation treatment (MST@H). 30 aM...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - May 14, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Rossetto F, Baglio F, Massaro D, Alberoni M, Nemni R, Marchetti A, Castelli I Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Small Fiber Neuropathy: Clinicopathological Correlations.
Janszky J, Komoly S Abstract Small fiber neuropathy develops due to the selective damage of the thin fibers of peripheral nerves. Many common diseases can cause this condition, including diabetes, infections, autoimmune and endocrine disorders, but it can occur due to genetic alterations, as well. Eighty-five skin biopsy-proven small-fiber neuropathy cases were analyzed. Forty-one (48%) cases were idiopathic; among secondary types, hypothyreosis (9.4%), diabetes mellitus (7%), cryoglobulinemia (7%), monoclonal gammopathy with unproved significance (4.7%), Sjögren's disease (3%), and paraneoplastic neuropathy ...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - May 14, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Pál E, Fülöp K, Tóth P, Deli G, Pfund Z, Janszky J, Komoly S Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Word Processing Is Faster than Picture Processing in Alzheimer's Disease.
Conclusions: Our results suggested that the processing speed in AD patients may have reduced, even if the semantic memory were preserved. These data indicated that the difference in the processing speeds by the type of stimuli (pictures, words, and nonsense syllables) may be a character of AD patients. PMID: 32399085 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Behavioural Neurology)
Source: Behavioural Neurology - May 14, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Meguro K, Takahashi Y, Nakatsuka M, Oonuma J, Kumai K, Kasai M, Yamaguchi S Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
"Olfactory Three-Needle" Enhances Spatial Learning and Memory Ability in SAMP8 Mice.
"Olfactory Three-Needle" Enhances Spatial Learning and Memory Ability in SAMP8 Mice. Behav Neurol. 2020;2020:2893289 Authors: Wang Y, Wang Q, Ren B, Guo T, Qiang J, Cao H, Gao Y, Liu Z, Gao X, Zhu B Abstract As one of the most important therapies in complementary and alternative medicine, acupuncture has been used in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Acupuncture of "olfactory three-needle" manipulation can improve the cognitive ability of AD patients. However, the mechanism of "olfactory three-needle" in AD remains largely unknown. Here, we identified that the &q...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - May 8, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Wang Y, Wang Q, Ren B, Guo T, Qiang J, Cao H, Gao Y, Liu Z, Gao X, Zhu B Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Treatment Effects of Upper Limb Action Observation Therapy and Mirror Therapy on Rehabilitation Outcomes after Subacute Stroke: A Pilot Study.
Conclusion: The preliminary results found that the patients in the action observation therapy and active control intervention groups had comparable benefits, suggesting that the 2 treatments might be used as an alternative to each other. A further large-scale study with at least 20 patients in each group to validate the study findings is needed. This trial is registered with NCT02871700. PMID: 32377266 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Behavioural Neurology)
Source: Behavioural Neurology - May 8, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Hsieh YW, Lin YH, Zhu JD, Wu CY, Lin YP, Chen CC Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Changes in the Rhythm of Speech Difference between People with Nondegenerative Mild Cognitive Impairment and with Preclinical Dementia.
This study explores several speech parameters related to mild cognitive impairment, as well as those that might be flagging the presence of an underlying neurodegenerative process. Speech is an excellent biomarker because it is not invasive and, what is more, its analysis is rapid and economical. Our aim has been to ascertain whether the typical speech patterns of people with Alzheimer's disease are also present during the disorder's preclinical stages. To do so, we shall be using a task that involves reading out aloud. This is followed by an analysis of the recordings, looking for the possible parameters differentiating b...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - May 1, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Meilán JJG, Martínez-Sánchez F, Martínez-Nicolás I, Llorente TE, Carro J Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Neurocognitive Complications after Ventricular Neuroendoscopy: A Systematic Review.
Abstract In recent years, neuroendoscopic treatment of hydrocephalus and various ventricular pathologies has become increasingly popular. It is considered by many as the first-choice treatment for the majority of these cases. However, neurocognitive complications following ventricular neuroendoscopic procedures may occur leading mostly to amnesia, which might have a grave effect on the patient's quality of life. Studies assessing neurocognitive complications after ventricular neuroendoscopic procedures are sparse. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review assessing the available literature of neurocognitive comp...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - April 19, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Soleman J, Guzman R Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Primary Cognitive Factors Impaired after Glioma Surgery and Associated Brain Regions.
The objective of this study was to investigate primary cognitive factors affecting not only simple cognitive tasks but also several other cognitive tasks and associated brain regions. Patients with glioma in the left (n = 33) and the right (n = 21) hemisphere participated in the study. Seven neuropsychological tasks from five cognitive domains were conducted pre- and 6 months postoperation. Factor analyses were conducted to identify "primary" common cognitive functions affecting the task performance in left and right glioma groups. Next, lesion analyses were performed using voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping (VLS...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - April 19, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Niki C, Kumada T, Maruyama T, Tamura M, Kawamata T, Muragaki Y Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Chronic Pain Hurts the Brain: The Pain Physician's Perspective.
a J, Nagy F PMID: 32273914 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Behavioural Neurology)
Source: Behavioural Neurology - April 11, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Feher G, Szok D, Rodríguez-Saldaña J, Nagy F Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Too Real to Be Virtual: Autonomic and EEG Responses to Extreme Stress Scenarios in Virtual Reality.
In this study, 3 female participants were experiencing VR scenarios with stressful content and their activity of the autonomic nervous system and EEG were recorded. It has been discovered that virtual reality can evoke acute stress reactions accompanied by activation of the sympathetic nervous system and a decrease in the activity of the parasympathetic nervous system. The high-stress response is accompanied by a decrease in the power of the EEG, and, on the contrary, the activation of the avoidance reaction is accompanied by an increase in the power of the EEG alpha waves. Therefore, the use of stressful VR content can ca...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - April 9, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Fadeev KA, Smirnov AS, Zhigalova OP, Bazhina PS, Tumialis AV, Golokhvast KS Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Changes in Physiological and Pathological Behaviours Produced by Deep Microelectrode Implantation Surgery in Rats: A Temporal Analysis.
In conclusion, microelectrode implantation surgeries modified some physiological and pathological behaviours; therefore, it is important to consider this fact when it is working with animal models. PMID: 32211080 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Behavioural Neurology)
Source: Behavioural Neurology - March 28, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Chiprés-Tinajero GA, Núñez-Ochoa MA, Medina-Ceja L Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Maternal Separation Early in Life Alters the Expression of Genes Npas4 and Nr1d1 in Adult Female Mice: Correlation with Social Behavior.
Abstract Early-life stress affects neuronal plasticity of the brain regions participating in the implementation of social behavior. Our previous studies have shown that brief and prolonged separation of pups from their mothers leads to enhanced social behavior in adult female mice. The goal of the present study was to characterize the expression of genes (which are engaged in synaptic plasticity) Egr1, Npas4, Arc, and Homer1 in the prefrontal cortex and dorsal hippocampus of adult female mice with a history of early-life stress. In addition, we evaluated the expression of stress-related genes: glucocorticoid and m...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - March 21, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Ryabushkina YA, Reshetnikov VV, Bondar NP Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Personality Factors and Subjective Cognitive Decline: The FACEHBI Cohort.
L, Boada M, Alegret M, On Behalf Of The Facehbi Study Abstract Individuals with subjective cognitive decline (SCD) have the perception of memory problems without showing impairment on standardized cognitive tests. SCD has been associated with an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). Neuroticism and openness personality dimensions have also been associated with SCD and AD. From the aforementioned, we aimed to ascertain whether the dimensions and traits defined by the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ) differentiate between individuals with SCD and the general population (GP). A tota...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - March 11, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Muñoz N, Gomà-I-Freixanet M, Valero S, Rodríguez-Gómez O, Sanabria A, Pérez-Cordón A, Hernández I, Marquié M, Mir I, Martín E, Benaque A, Ruiz A, Tarraga L, Boada M, Alegret M, On Behalf Of The Facehbi Study Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
False Memory in Alzheimer's Disease.
Abstract Patients with Alzheimer's Disease (AD) not only are suffering from amnesia but also are prone to memory distortions, such as experiencing detailed and vivid recollections of episodic events that have never been encountered (i.e., false memories). To describe and explain these distortions, we offer a review to synthesize current knowledge on false memory in AD into a framework allowing for better understanding of the taxonomy and phenomenology of false memories and of the cognitive mechanisms that may underlie false memory formation in AD. According to this review, certain phenomenological characteristics ...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - March 11, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: El Haj M, Colombel F, Kapogiannis D, Gallouj K Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Propofol Causes Consciousness Loss by Affecting GABA-A Receptor in the Nucleus Basalis of Rats.
Abstract Objective: Propofol is a classical anesthetic and induces consciousness loss, and gamma-aminobutyric-acid-type-A (GABA-A) receptor is its target. Righting reflex is associated with conscious response. The nucleus basalis (NB) acts as a major relay between the reticular activating system and the frontal cortex (FC). Propofol may mediate righting reflex by affecting GABA-A receptor in NB. Methods: Fifty male SD rats (250-350 g) were divided into parts I and II. In part I, 20 male SD rats were randomly divided into control group (CG) and NB-lesion group (NG, ibotenic acid-induced NB lesion). In p...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - March 11, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Xing Y, Li K, Jiao Y, Li Z Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Associations between Age-Related Changes in the Core Vestibular Projection Pathway and Balance Ability: A Diffusion Tensor Imaging Study.
Conclusion: The results suggested that there was a relationship between DTI parameters in the vestibular neural pathway and balance according to aging. PMID: 32104515 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Behavioural Neurology)
Source: Behavioural Neurology - February 29, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Yeo SS, Kwon JW, Cho IH Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Potential Benefits of Physical Activity in MCI and Dementia.
Abstract Physical activity improves overall health and reduces the risk of many negative health outcomes and may be effective in improving cognition, independent functioning, and psychological health in older adults. Given the evidence linking physical activity with improvements in various aspects of health and functioning, interventions exploring pathways for decreasing risk of dementia in those with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and improving outcomes for those with dementia are of critical importance. The present review highlights the work examining physical activity interventions in order to achieve a compre...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - February 29, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Nuzum H, Stickel A, Corona M, Zeller M, Melrose RJ, Wilkins SS Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
MST4 Kinase Inhibitor Hesperadin Attenuates Autophagy and Behavioral Disorder via the MST4/AKT Pathway in Intracerebral Hemorrhage Mice.
Abstract Background: The aim of this study was to explore the role of hesperadin in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) mice, with the involvement of the mammalian ste20-like kinase 4 (MST4)/AKT signaling pathway. Methods: All mice were divided into four groups: sham group, sham+hesperidin group, ICH group, and ICH+hesperadin group. The effects of hesperadin were assessed on the basis of brain edema and neurobehavioral function. Furthermore, we observed MST4, AKT, phosphorylation of AKT (pAKT), and microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 (LC3) by western blotting. Protein localization of MST4 and LC3 was dete...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - February 26, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Wu X, Wu J, Hu W, Wang Q, Liu H, Chu Z, Lv K, Xu Y Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Behavioural Changes in Mice after Getting Accustomed to the Mirror.
We examined whether mice preferred mirrors, whether plastic tapes on their heads increased their interest, and whether mice accustomed to mirrors learnt its physical phenomenon. Mice were significantly more interested in live stranger mice than mirrors. Mice with tape on their heads spent more time before mirrors. Becoming accustomed to mirrors did not change their behaviour. Mice accustomed to mirrors had significantly increased interest in photos of themselves over those of strangers and cage-mates. These results indicated that mice visually recognized plastic tape adherent to reflected individuals. Mice accustomed to mi...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - February 26, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Ueno H, Suemitsu S, Murakami S, Kitamura N, Wani K, Takahashi Y, Matsumoto Y, Okamoto M, Ishihara T Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Associations of Alpha and Beta Interhemispheric EEG Coherences with Indices of Attentional Control and Academic Performance.
Conclusions: Lower TBR, an indicator of attentional control, was associated with higher alpha and beta interhemispheric coherences measured with eyes open at sites overlying the frontal, temporal, and occipital cortices. Changes in EEG coherences and TBRs might be useful as neurophysiological measures of neuroplasticity and the efficacy of strategies for preventing academic underachievement and treatments for improving academic performance. PMID: 32089751 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Behavioural Neurology)
Source: Behavioural Neurology - February 26, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Gorantla VR, Tedesco S, Chandanathil M, Maity S, Bond V, Lewis C, Millis RM Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Framingham Risk Stratification of Middle-Aged Migraineurs.
Conclusion: Our article draws attention to the higher cardiovascular risk profile of middle-aged migraineurs and highlights the deficiency of primary prevention. Pain physicians must be aware of the cardiovascular aspects of migraine and holistic approach is required instead of focusing only on pain and pain relief. PMID: 32089752 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Behavioural Neurology)
Source: Behavioural Neurology - February 26, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Bank G, Kapus K, Meszaros J, Mak K, Pohl M, Pusch G, Fejes E, Tibold A, Feher G Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Parkinson's Symptoms and Caregiver Burden and Mental Health: A Cross-Cultural Mediational Model.
;or T Abstract Informal caregivers are critical in the care of individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) and spend substantial time providing care, which may be associated with negative caregiver outcomes such as burden and mental health issues. Although research in the United States and Europe has generally supported these relations, there is very limited research on PD caregiving in Latin America. The current study examined the following connections in a sample of PD caregivers from the United States (N = 105) and Mexico (N = 148): (a) PD-related impairments (motor and nonmotor symptoms) and caregiver burden, (b...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - December 26, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Smith ER, Perrin PB, Tyler CM, Lageman SK, Villaseñor T Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Feeding Behavior of Mice under Different Food Allocation Regimens.
Abstract Social interaction, a basic survival strategy for many animal species, helps maintain a social environment that has limited conflict. Social dominance has a dramatic effect on motivation. Recent evidence suggests that some primate and nonprimate species display aversive behavior toward food allocation regimens that differ from their peers. Thus, we examined the behaviors displayed by mice under different food allocation regimens. We analyzed changes in food intake using several parameters. In the same food condition, the mice received the same food; in the quality different condition, the mice received di...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - December 26, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Ueno H, Suemitsu S, Murakami S, Kitamura N, Wani K, Takahashi Y, Matsumoto Y, Okamoto M, Ishihara T Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Diverse Linguistic Development in Prelingually Deaf Children with Cochlear Implants.
We report 4 prelingually deaf children (mean age = 10.5; SD = 1.08), affected by a genetically determined bilateral deafness, due to GJB2 gene mutation Cx26. Each implanted child underwent a systematic assessment of speech perception and production, as well as of lexical, morphologic, and syntactic skills in both comprehension and production. Notwithstanding similar clinical histories and similarly good postimplant pure-tone audiometry, two of the four children fared very poorly in speech audiometry, whereas the other two children gained very good results. We suggest that the language impairment detected in (some) i...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - December 26, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: De Stefano P, Pisani F, Cossu G Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Therapeutic Approaches for Peripheral and Central Neuropathic Pain.
cute;csei L Abstract Neuropathic pain is a chronic secondary pain condition, which is a consequence of peripheral or central nervous (somatosensory) system lesions or diseases. It is a devastating condition, which affects around 7% of the general population. Numerous etiological factors contribute to the development of chronic neuropathic pain. It can originate from the peripheral part of the nervous system such as in the case of trigeminal or postherpetic neuralgia, peripheral nerve injury, painful polyneuropathies, or radiculopathies. Central chronic neuropathic pain can develop as a result of spinal cord or bra...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - December 26, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Szok D, Tajti J, Nyári A, Vécsei L Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Community's Perception and Attitude towards People with Epilepsy in Ethiopia.
Conclusions: The knowledge about the cause, possible susceptibility, better treatment options, and attitude of the participants were similar to other low-income settings. The negative attitude was high and multidimensional. All stakeholders must work to increase awareness about the cause, symptoms, and treatment options for epilepsy and to decrease the negative attitude of the community. PMID: 31814856 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Behavioural Neurology)
Source: Behavioural Neurology - December 11, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Fekadu W, Mekonen T, Bitew S, Mekonnen TC, Menberu M, Shewangizaw S Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Validation of a New Cognitive Screening Method for Stroke Patients.
Conclusions: This study shows promising results for this new cognitive screening tool's ability to identify poststroke cognitive decline and patients' need for further detailed neuropsychological examination. PMID: 31781293 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Behavioural Neurology)
Source: Behavioural Neurology - December 1, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Saar K, Nyrkkö H, Tolvanen A, Kuikka P, Poutiainen E, Aro T Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Cognitive Neurorehabilitation in Acquired Neurological Brain Injury.
PMID: 31781294 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Behavioural Neurology)
Source: Behavioural Neurology - December 1, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Messinis L, Kosmidis MH, Nasios G, Dardiotis E, Tsaousides T Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
CZYH Alleviates β-Amyloid-Induced Cognitive Impairment and Inflammation Response via Modulation of JNK and NF-κB Pathway in Rats.
In conclusion, the present study suggests that CZYH could improve learning and memory abilities and relieve neuron loss in Aβ 25-35-induced rats, at least partly through inhibition of the neuroinflammatory response via inhibiting the JNK-dependent NF-κB activation, indicating that CZYH might be a promising formula for the treatment of AD. PMID: 31781295 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Behavioural Neurology)
Source: Behavioural Neurology - December 1, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Deng Y, Ye L, Yu C, Yin C, Shi J, Gong Q Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Sevoflurane Impairs Short-Term Memory by Affecting PSD-95 and AMPA Receptor in the Hippocampus of a Mouse Model.
Abstract Objective: To explore the effects of sevoflurane on the latency and error times of the passive avoidance and levels of PSD-95 and AMPA receptors in the hippocampus. We evaluated the effects of sevoflurane on short-term memory in adult mice and explored the possible mechanism. Methods: 144 Kunming mice (2-3 months, 30-35 g) were randomly divided into two groups A (n = 64) and B (n = 80) and received the dark-avoidance (DA) and step-down avoidance (SA) tests, respectively. The groups DA and SA were further divided into control (inhaled 40% O2 2 h) and sevoflurane (3.3% sevoflurane and 40%...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - November 29, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Jiao Y, Fan H, Wang K, Lu S Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Epidemiology of Alzheimer's Disease and Dementia in Arab Countries: A Systematic Review.
Conclusion: This systematic review highlights the need for population-based studies to provide necessary information for developing preventive and curative strategies specific to the Arab region. PMID: 31772681 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Behavioural Neurology)
Source: Behavioural Neurology - November 29, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: El-Metwally A, Toivola P, Al-Rashidi M, Nooruddin S, Jawed M, AlKanhal R, Razzak HA, Albawardi N Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
A Neuropsychological Rehabilitation Program for Cognitive Impairment in Psychiatric and Neurological Conditions: A Review That Supports Its Efficacy.
aurre-Elorza L, Ojeda N Abstract Neuropsychological rehabilitation has been the focus of much scientific research over the past decades due to its efficacy in different pathologies. Advances in the neuropsychology field have led to improvements and changes in neuropsychological interventions, which in turn have given rise to different approaches and rehabilitation programs. REHACOP is an integrative neuropsychological rehabilitation program designed by specialist neuropsychologists. With an integrated bottom-up and top-down approach, REHACOP includes neurocognition, social cognition, and daily living tasks hierarc...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - November 29, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Gómez-Gastiasoro A, Peña J, Ibarretxe-Bilbao N, Lucas-Jiménez O, Díez-Cirarda M, Rilo O, Montoya-Murillo G, Zubiaurre-Elorza L, Ojeda N Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Behavioral and Neural Changes Induced by a Blended Essential Oil on Human Selective Attention.
Abstract Selective attention refers to the selecting and preferential processing of specific information while simultaneously suppressing irrelevant distractors, activities linked to various cognitive skills and academic achievements. The influence of essential oils on the cognition of humans has been extensively explored. However, the effects of essential oils on human selective attention and the underlying neural mechanisms remain unclear. In the present study, participants were divided into a "blended essential oil" group and a "no essential oil" group and enrolled on a negative priming task...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - November 19, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Liu J, Cai S, Chen D, Wu K, Liu Y, Zhang R, Chen M, Li X Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Recent Medico-Legal Developments on the Issue of Epilepsy and Driver's License Requirements in the Italian and European Legislation.
Abstract Epilepsy is a condition that comprises a group of neurological disorders characterized by seizures. Forms of epilepsy that produce abrupt bouts that cause lapses in consciousness may pose a major road safety problem for drivers who, while going through a seizure, could seriously harm themselves as well as others. A fundamental strategy for the purpose of reducing the risk of car accidents caused by epileptic drivers is constituted by prevention, in addition to adequate pharmacological therapies. In that respect, forensic medicine plays a pivotal role, since it deals with the set of requirements that must ...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - November 1, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Mazzariol B, Pastorini A, di Luca A, di Luca NM Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Prevalence and Associated Factors of Depressive Symptoms in Patients with Myasthenia Gravis: A Cross-Sectional Study of Two Tertiary Hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Conclusions: Approximately a quarter of MG patients have depression. Achieving a minimal manifestation or better MG status may decrease the depression rate in these patients. PMID: 31636730 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Behavioural Neurology)
Source: Behavioural Neurology - October 23, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Alanazy MH Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Emotional Intelligence in Children with Severe Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders.
Conclusions: Our findings highlighted the role of intermittent hypoxia in the genesis of the effects of sleep-related respiratory disorders, which involves also aspects different from physical impairments. PMID: 31583023 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Behavioural Neurology)
Source: Behavioural Neurology - October 6, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Operto FF, Precenzano F, Bitetti I, Lanzara V, Fontana ML, Pastorino GMG, Carotenuto M, Pisani F, Polito AN, Smirni D, Roccella M Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Social Aspects of Dementia Prevention from a Worldwide to National Perspective: A Review on the International Situation and the Example of Italy.
Abstract At the moment, dementia is affecting around 47 million people worldwide, with a forecast amount of 135 million affected people in 2050. Dementia is a growing health concern worldwide with no treatment currently available, but only symptomatic medication. Effective interventions in the prevention and management of dementia are urgently needed to contain direct and indirect costs of this disease. Indeed, the economic impact of dementia is a vast and continually growing figure, but it is still difficult to quantify. Due to an increase in both the disease spreading and its direct and indirect costs, national ...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - October 6, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Ricci G Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Using Partial Directed Coherence to Study Alpha-Band Effective Brain Networks during a Visuospatial Attention Task.
Abstract Previous studies have shown that the neural mechanisms underlying visual spatial attention rely on top-down control information from the frontal and parietal cortexes, which ultimately amplifies sensory processing of stimulus occurred at the attended location relative to those at unattended location. However, the modulations of effective brain networks in response to stimulus at attended and unattended location are not yet clear. In present study, we collected event-related potentials (ERPs) from 15 subjects during a visual spatial attention task, and a partial directed coherence (PDC) method was used to ...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - October 2, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Zhao Z, Wang C Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Efficacy and Safety of Intravenous Thrombolysis in Patients with Unknown Onset Stroke: A Meta-Analysis.
Conclusions: Intravenous thrombolysis is a better choice for UOS patients for its efficacy and safety. In addition, pretreatment imaging assessment is beneficial for improving the efficacy of thrombolytic therapy. However, it needs more supporting evidences for clinical use in the future. PMID: 31565095 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Behavioural Neurology)
Source: Behavioural Neurology - October 2, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Luan D, Zhang Y, Yang Q, Zhou Z, Huang X, Zhao S, Yuan L Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Long-Term Follow-Up of Disability, Cognitive, and Emotional Impairments after Severe Traumatic Brain Injury.
Conclusions: These findings indicate that disability and cognition seem to improve over time after s-TBI and appear to be relatively stable from 1 year to 7 years. Since cognitive function on some of the BNIS subscales was associated with outcome on the GOSE, these results indicate that both screening and follow-up of cognitive function could be of importance for the rehabilitation of persons with s-TBI. PMID: 31534558 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Behavioural Neurology)
Source: Behavioural Neurology - September 21, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Stålnacke BM, Saveman BI, Stenberg M Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Effects of Systematic Categorization Training on Cognitive Performance in Healthy Older Adults and in Adults with Traumatic Brain Injury.
This study investigated the effects of hierarchical cognitive training using the categorization program (CP), designed initially for adults with cognitive deficits associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Fifty-eight participants were included: a group of fifteen young adults with TBI (ages 18-48), another group of fifteen noninjured young adults (ages 18-50), and two groups of adults over 60 randomly assigned into the experimental group (n = 14) or the control group (n = 14). Following neuropsychological testing, the two young adult groups and the experimental older adult group received the CP training for 10-12 week...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - September 21, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Constantinidou F Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Improving Cognitive Function after Traumatic Brain Injury: A Clinical Trial on the Potential Use of the Semi-Immersive Virtual Reality.
In conclusion, our results suggest that VR may be a useful and effective approach for the rehabilitation of patients with TBI, leading to better cognitive and behavioral outcomes. PMID: 31481980 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Behavioural Neurology)
Source: Behavioural Neurology - September 6, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: De Luca R, Maggio MG, Maresca G, Latella D, Cannavò A, Sciarrone F, Lo Voi E, Accorinti M, Bramanti P, Calabrò RS Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Remote Technology-Based Training Programs for Children with Acquired Brain Injury: A Systematic Review and a Meta-Analytic Exploration.
Conclusions: Promising results on remote cognitive and behavioral TP efficacy emerged both at the review process and at the meta-analytic investigation. Nevertheless, the high heterogeneity that emerged across studies prevents us from drawing definite conclusions. Further research is needed to identify whether specific training characteristics and population subgroups are more likely to be associated with greater training efficacy. PMID: 31467613 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Behavioural Neurology)
Source: Behavioural Neurology - September 1, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Corti C, Oldrati V, Oprandi MC, Ferrari E, Poggi G, Borgatti R, Urgesi C, Bardoni A Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Imagery Ability and Imagery Perspective Preference: A Study of Their Relationship and Age- and Gender-Related Changes.
This study examined if imagery ability (i.e., vividness and temporal congruence between imagined and executed knee extensions) and imagery perspective preference were affected by ageing and gender. Ninety-four participants, 31 young, 43 intermediate, and 20 older adults completed the Vividness of Movement Imagery Questionnaire-2 and a knee extension temporal congruence test to reflect on their imagery ability and an imagery perspective preference test. Male participants had a better imagery ability than the female participants (F (4, 85) = 2.84, p = .029, η 2 = .118). However, significant age-related changes in ...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - September 1, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Liu KPY, Lai M, Fong SSM, Bissett M Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Functional Neurological Symptom Disorder: A Diagnostic Algorithm.
Abstract Functional neurological symptom disorder (FNSD) is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by the presence of neurological symptoms in the absence of any neurological abnormality that can be linked to a known pathology. Few studies have taken interest in this subject probably because of the heterogeneity of results. It is most often a diagnosis of exclusion which often means that patients undergo many tests and find themselves erring for a diagnosis with very little satisfaction of the outcomes. A reliable imagery pattern would therefore provide some relief and confirmation for both patients and clinici...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - August 22, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Girouard E, Savoie I, Witkowski LC Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
From Broca and Wernicke to the Neuromodulation Era: Insights of Brain Language Networks for Neurorehabilitation.
Abstract Communication in humans activates almost every part of the brain. Of course, the use of language predominates, but other cognitive functions such as attention, memory, emotion, and executive processes are also involved. However, in order to explain how our brain "understands," "speaks," and "writes," and in order to rehabilitate aphasic disorders, neuroscience has faced the challenge for years to reveal the responsible neural networks. Broca and Wernicke (and Lichtheim and many others), during the 19th century, when brain research was mainly observational and autopsy driven, ...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - August 22, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Nasios G, Dardiotis E, Messinis L Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Addressing Evidence Linking Secondary Alexithymia to Aberrant Humor Processing.
Abstract In this review, we explore current literature and assess evidence linking secondary (acquired) alexithymia to aberrant humor processing, in terms of their neurobiological underpinnings. In addition, we suggest a possible common neuropathological substrate between secondary alexithymia and deficits in humor appreciation, by drawing on neurophysiologic and neuroradiological evidence, as well as on a recent and unique single-case study showing the cooccurrence of secondary alexithymia and deficit in humor appreciation. In summary, what emerges from the literature is that the cortical midline structures, in p...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - August 10, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Patrikelis P, Lucci G, Alexoudi A, Korfias S, Messinis L, Nasios G, Papasilekas T, Sakas D, Gatzonis S Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
Short-Term Neurodevelopmental Outcome in Term Neonates Treated with Phenobarbital versus Levetiracetam: A Single-Center Experience.
Conclusion: This study suggests a positive effect of levetiracetam on tone and posture in term newborns treated for neonatal seizures. If future randomized-controlled studies also show better efficacy of LEV in the treatment of neonatal seizures, LEV might potentially be considered as the first-line anticonvulsant in this age group. PMID: 31281546 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Behavioural Neurology)
Source: Behavioural Neurology - July 11, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Falsaperla R, Mauceri L, Pavone P, Barbagallo M, Vitaliti G, Ruggieri M, Pisani F, Corsello G Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research