Nutrition intake among the Japanese elderly: an intergenerational comparison based on National Health and Nutrition Survey scores.
Conclusion: Nutrition intake among the Japanese elderly had the characteristics of washoku, but these characteristics were not passed on to the next generation. Extension of the average lifespan and improved health could be achieved by modifying nutrition intake, even after reaching the age of onset of lifestyle- and age-related diseases, typically the 50s. PMID: 31478392 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - September 5, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

A new method for investigating the relationship between diet and mortality: hazard analysis using dietary isotopes.
Conclusion: We successfully demonstrated that stable isotope data can be integrated in to hazard models, allowing us to connect diet and mortality in past populations. It supports the findings of other isotope studies, which have established that individuals with childhood stress/trauma will have different isotope patterns. PMID: 31475587 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - September 3, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Sanitation and Diarrhoea in Infancy and CRP Level at 18 Years: the Birth-to-Twenty Plus Cohort.
Conclusion: In this population, poor sanitation and diarrhoea in early life predict elevated CRP in young adulthood, independently of early life nutrition and adiposity. PMID: 31460800 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - August 30, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Correlation between Habitual Dietary Fibre Intake and Postprandial Plasma Glucose Levels in Early Adulthood.
CONCLUSION: This study provides valuable information regarding food selection for preventing diabetes and suggests that 7.0 g/1000 kcal of DF is an effective target value for a stepwise approach to nutrition education in Japan. PMID: 31446783 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - August 28, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Evaluation of the possible association of Body Mass Index and four metabolic gene polymorphisms with longevity in an Italian cohort: a role for APOE, eNOS, and FTO gene polymorphisms.
Conclusion: This study provides evidence for a role of APOE, eNOS, and FTO gene polymorphisms in longevity. It has been estimated that the number of centenarians worldwide will double each decade until 2100, making population data about gene polymorphisms relevant for further studies about longevity. PMID: 31446792 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - August 28, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Physical activity in preschool children: Trends over time and associations with body mass index and screen time.
Authors: Venetsanou F, Kambas A, Gourgoulis V, Yannakoulia M Abstract BACKGROUND: Preschool years are important for adopting health behaviours; however, today's children seem to be overweight, present low physical activity (PA) levels, and exceed screen time (ST) recommendations. AIM: To examine (a) time trends in PA in Greek preschool children, (b) the associations among PA, body mass index (BMI) and ST, and (c) potential PA differences between boys and girls. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data of five cross-sectional cohorts (2005[n = 252]; 2008[n = 212]; 2011[n = 187]; 2...
Source: Annals of Human Biology - August 28, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphism and osteoporosis risk in White British men.
In conclusion, VDR gene TaqI polymorphism in recessive mode had a significant effect on lumbar spine BMD within our study. Haplotypes GCC and AAT increase the risk of osteoporosis among White British males. PMID: 31448632 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - August 28, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Auditory ossicles: a potential biomarker for maternal and infant health in utero.
Conclusions: There appears to be a systematic offset between the dentine and ossicle data. It seems that the second phase of development does not influence the isotopic values of collagen significantly and the data we are obtaining from ossicles represents the in utero period. PMID: 31431091 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - August 23, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Genetic variants influencing obesity-related traits in Japanese population.
Conclusion: High susceptibility to central obesity of Japanese and closely related East Asians might have been shaped by natural selection favouring thrifty genotypes. Moreover, natural selection favouring higher thermogenic activity of brown adipose tissues would contribute to increased non-thrifty alleles in ancestors of East Asians. PMID: 31307227 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - July 18, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

The value of anthropometric indices for childhood obesity in Japan.
Conclusion: Individuals involved in child healthcare in Japan should keep in mind both the merits and drawbacks of various anthropometric indices. PMID: 31307229 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - July 18, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Human biology and ancient DNA: exploring disease, domestication and movement.
Authors: Houldcroft CJ, Rifkin RF, Underdown SJ PMID: 31303107 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - July 17, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Profiles of body mass index and blood pressure among young adults categorized by waist-to-height ratio cut-offs in Shandong, China.
Authors: Zhang YX, Wang SR Abstract Background: Waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) is proposed as a valid measure of abdominal obesity and health risks in practice. The present study examined the profiles of weight status and blood pressure (BP) among young adults categorised by WHtR cut-offs. Methods: A total of 4226 college students (2107 males and 2119 females) aged 19-22 years participated in the study. The body mass index (BMI) cut-offs recommended by the Working Group on Obesity in China (WGOC) were used to define underweight, normal weight, overweight and obesity. The BMI and BP profiles within each WHtR category ...
Source: Annals of Human Biology - July 17, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Bio-banding in Academy Football: Player's Perceptions of a Maturity Matched Tournament.
Conclusions. Player's perceived the bio-banding format as providing two main benefits. Early maturing players perceived greater physical and technical challenge, and in turn new opportunities and challenges. Late maturing players perceived less physical and technical challenge, yet greater opportunity to demonstrate technical and tactical abilities. The players reported that they enjoyed and understood the purpose of the bio-banded format, and perceived less risk for injury. Players in all three maturity groups reported more opportunity to engage in leadership behaviours, influence game-play, and express themselves on the ...
Source: Annals of Human Biology - July 12, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Effect of a lower limb strength training programme on physical activity during the snowy season among community-dwelling elderly individuals.
CONCLUSION: Lower limb muscle strengthening is an effective intervention to improve physical activity during the snowy season among community-dwelling elderly. PMID: 31284765 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - July 11, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Appendicular muscle mass and exercise/sports participation history in young Japanese women.
CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that not only the past history of participation in physical and/or sports activities but also the current status of daily physical activity and sports activity plays an important role in maintaining appropriate SMI and AMM in young women. PMID: 31284770 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - July 11, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Dental fluorosis in the Vesuvius towns in AD 79: a multidisciplinary approach.
CONCLUSIONS: Morphological, histological and elemental analysis of teeth of the 79 AD Herculaneum population show that in this area fluorosis occurred since Roman times. PMID: 31274338 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - July 7, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Untangling Neolithic and Bronze Age mitochondrial lineages in South Asia.
This study focuses on the phylogeographic patterns of mitochondrial haplogroups H2 and H13 in the Indian Subcontinent and incorporates evidence from recently released ancient genomes from Central and South Asia. It found signals of Neolithic arrivals from Iran and later movements in the Bronze Age from Central Asia that derived ultimately from the Steppe. This study shows how a detailed mtDNA phylogeographic approach, combining both modern and ancient variation, can provide evidence of population movements, even in a scenario of strong male bias such as in the case of the Bronze Age Steppe dispersals. PMID: 31267777 [P...
Source: Annals of Human Biology - July 5, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Metabolic trajectories across early adolescence: differences by sex, weight, pubertal status, and race/ethnicity.
Conclusions: Change in metabolic biomarkers across early adolescence differed by sex, weight status, pubertal status, and race/ethnicity. Some of the metabolic changes may reflect normal physiological changes of puberty, while others may presage future disease risk. Future studies are warranted to link metabolic changes during adolescence to long-term health. PMID: 31264447 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - July 4, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Mutation analysis of 21autosomal short tandem repeats in Han population from Hunan, China.
CONCLUSION: Inter-population comparisons of locus-specific mutation rates of several STRs revealed significant difference between Han in Hunan and Han in other regions in China. Our data support the use of geographical data in further genetic applications. PMID: 31264462 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - July 4, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Sitting Height Percentiles in 3 to 17-year-old Indian Children: A Multicentre Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that during the pubertal years, the lower limb growth is more predominant than trunk growth. Further, this study provides smoothened percentile curves for sitting height in Indian children for the first time. PMID: 31257924 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - July 2, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

National anthropometric reference values and growth curves for Japanese children: history and critical review.
CONCLUSION: Japanese child health statistics use measures that are applicable only to Japanese children. PMID: 31257942 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - July 2, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

The Nick Norgan Award 2018.
Authors: PMID: 31230487 [PubMed] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - June 28, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Status of physical activity in Japanese adults and children.
Conclusions: More accurate measures of daily physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep should be developed for a nationwide survey. PMID: 31234661 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - June 28, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Body mass index to predict fat mass and metabolic syndrome severity: should it really be specific to sex, age and ethnicity? A NHANES Study (1999-2014).
Conclusions: Despite sex, age and ethnicity modulating the height scaling exponent of the BMI equation, using these proposed exponents in the BMI equation didn't improve the capacity to predict TFM and MetS severity, suggesting that the current BMI remains a valid clinical tool. PMID: 31244336 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - June 28, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Influence of weight status at 2 years on memory performance at 4-5 years of age.
Conclusion: Primary prevention of overweight and management of cognitive functions may be important strategies to improve the cognitive development of children in the future. PMID: 31208210 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - June 20, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Population genetic polymorphism and mutation analysis of 19 autosomal STR loci in Jiangsu Han individuals in Eastern China.
Authors: Meng P, Ye Q, Ju XB, Cui H, Zhou HY Abstract Aim: Genetic polymorphisms and the mutation ratio of 19 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci were analysed in 10,000 individuals and 7,755 families from Jiangsu Province in Eastern China. Subjects and methods: Nineteen STR loci were amplified by a multiplex amplification system and genotyped on the ABI 3130 Genetic Analyzer. Allele frequencies, forensic parameters and mutation for the 19 autosomal STR loci were statistically analysed. Results: In total, 344 genotypes were discovered. No significant deviation from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium was observed. The ...
Source: Annals of Human Biology - June 20, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Phylogeography of Y-chromosome haplogroup Q1a1a-M120, a paternal lineage connecting populations in Siberia and East Asia.
Conclusion: We provided a clear pattern about the origin and diffusion process of haplogroup Q1a1a-M120, as well as the role of this paternal lineage during the formation of ancient Huaxia populations and modern Han populations. PMID: 31208219 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - June 20, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

The paternal genetic structure of Jingpo and Dai in southwest China.
We report that Haplogroup O2a2b1a1-M117 is the dominant lineage in both Jingpo and Dai. The Jingpo people show affinity with Tibeto-Burman speaking populations with a relatively high frequency of Haplogroup D-M174, and the Dai people are generally genetically similar with Tai-Kadai speaking populations with high frequencies of Haplogroup O1a-M119 and O1b1a1a-M95, which is consistent with their language classification. PMID: 31179767 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - June 12, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Genetic structure and forensic characterization of 19 X-chromosomal STR loci in Guizhou Sui population.
Conclusions: The AGCU X-19 STRs are highly polymorphic and informative in Guizhou Sui people. The genetic relationships between Sui and other populations in China are generally consistent with the language classification and geographical distance. PMID: 31179782 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - June 12, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

East Anglian Early Neolithic monument burial linked to contemporary Megaliths.
Authors: Scheib CL, Hui R, D'Atanasio E, Wohns AW, Inskip SA, Rose A, Cessford C, O'Connell TC, Robb JE, Evans C, Patten R, Kivisild T Abstract In the fourth millennium BCE a cultural phenomenon of monumental burial structures spread along the Atlantic façade. Megalithic burials have been targeted for aDNA analyses, but a gap remains in East Anglia where Neolithic structures were generally earthen or timber. An early Neolithic (3762 - 3648 cal. BCE) burial monument at the site of Trumpington Meadows, Cambridgeshire, U.K. contained the partially articulated remains of at least three individuals. To det...
Source: Annals of Human Biology - June 12, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Searching for archaic contribution in Africa.
Conclusion: In light of the caveats with implementing current archaic introgression detection methods in Africa, we recommend future studies to concentrate on unravelling the complicated demographic history of Africa through means of ancient DNA where possible and through more focused efforts to sequence modern DNA from more representative populations across the African continent. PMID: 31163991 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - June 7, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Tuberculosis and leprosy associated with historical human population movements in Europe and beyond - an overview based on mycobacterial ancient DNA.
Conclusion: Both MTB and ML strain types differ between geographically separate populations. This is associated with ancient human migration after an evolutionary bottleneck and clonal expansion. The absence of indigenous leprosy in Europe today may be due to the greater mortality of tuberculosis in individuals who are co-infected with both organisms. PMID: 31137975 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - May 31, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Sex Differences in Frequencies of Dermatoglyphic Patterns by Individual Fingers.
Conclusion: Higher sex differences in ulnar fingers and the lack of interpopulation differences all over the world in the 4th finger might be caused by a stronger influence of genetic and/or hormonal factors on dermatoglyphic development of the ulnar side of the hand. We suggest that future studies, when applying dermatoglyphic traits as markers of prenatal environment, use traits by individual fingers or their relationships within the hand. PMID: 31122075 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - May 29, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Candidate Gene Variant Effects on Language Disorders in Robinson Crusoe Island.
Conclusion The high prevalence of language disorders found on Robinson Crusoe Island is not caused by either a shared high-impact variant, or an increased burden of variants within candidate genes previously implicated in language disorders. We have comprehensively tested for 'low hanging fruit' in genes implicated in language disorders. Therefore, the underlying cause of TEL on Robinson Crusoe lies outside of these known language disorder genes, or within a complex susceptibility model. PMID: 31132892 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - May 29, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Heart rate and heart rate variability in infants during olfactory stimulation.
Conclusion: Autonomic responses to specific natural odours may be partly shaped innately, while underlying physiological mechanisms may be different between infants and adults. PMID: 31119953 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - May 25, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

The relative roles of maternal survival and inter-personal violence as selection pressures on the persistence of Neanderthal hypercoagulability alleles in modern Europeans.
CONCLUSION: These findings challenge the idea that Neanderthal admixture has negatively impacted the overall health of modern humans. Maternal survival may have acted as a selective pressure for the persistence of hypercoagulability alleles in modern Europeans. Understanding the role of hypercoagulability in childbirth, and the role of rs3917862, could help to reduce maternal mortality ratios. PMID: 31113254 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - May 23, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Biomedical and genetic characteristics of the Ryukyuans: demographic history, diseases and physical and physiological traits.
CONCLUSION: Morphological and genetic studies have suggested the complex demographic history of Ryukyuans and their relationships with other Asian populations. Knowledge of population formation processes is important to understand the distribution of pathogens. In viral infectious diseases, some strains that may be associated with disease symptoms are specific to Ryukyuans. Dramatic changes in diet have played an important role among Ryukyuans in terms of increases in lifestyle-related diseases and mortality risks. To achieve a better understanding of pathogenic disease factors, further integration of findings regarding th...
Source: Annals of Human Biology - May 23, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Alu elements within the human major histocompatibility class I region in the Comoros Islands: Genetic variation and population relationships.
Conclusion: MHC Alu insertions are useful markers to study micro-geographical genetic variations. Using these polymorphisms, new insights have been obtained about the biological history and evolution of the Comoros. PMID: 31116034 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - May 23, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Digit ratios and motor and health-related fitness in pre-adolescent females.
CONCLUSION: In contrast to previous investigations, it seems that left 2D:4D is a predictor of strength, but not aerobic exercise. It is suggested there may be a potential relationship between prenatal androgen exposure and high flexibility, low body fat percent, and the generation of muscular strength in pre-adolescent females. PMID: 31106581 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - May 22, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Genetic diversity and forensic characteristics of 15 autosomal short tandem repeats in Tibet Highland and Guangdong lowland Han Chinese populations.
CONCLUSION: In general, genetic polymorphisms and forensic efficiency indicated that the 15 STRs studied are informative and polymorphic in both lowland and highland Han populations. PMID: 30994014 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - April 19, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Relationship between bone turnover markers and the heel stiffness index measured by quantitative ultrasound in postmenopausal Japanese women.
CONCLUSION: Higher rates of bone resorption are associated with a lower stiffness index in Japanese postmenopausal women. These results may indicate that high bone resorption affects bone mass more than bone formation, resulting in a low bone mass. PMID: 30995879 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - April 19, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Life expectancy and the Global Burden of Disease 1990-2016: little cause for complacency.
Authors: Ellison G Abstract While the omission of behavioural and mechanistic factors from the BBC's "Life Expectancy Calculator" might undermine its utility as a health promotion tool, the centrality of these factors within the GBD 2016 Risk Factor Collaborators' analyses - which only detected "important changes" in behavioural (tobacco, alcohol and diet) and mechanistic (low birthweight, short gestation, BMI, blood pressure, fasting glucose) factors - undermines the "important" role that country-level variation in political, social and structural factors plays in the availability of ...
Source: Annals of Human Biology - April 18, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Paternal lineage of the Berbers from Aur ├Ęs in Algeria: Estimate of their genetic variation.
CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that Aurès people are isolated and closed, but nevertheless have quite different genetic profiles. PMID: 30939942 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - April 5, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Maternal genetic link of a south Dravidian tribe with native Iranians indicating bidirectional migration.
Conclusion: The study revealed a genetic link between Iran and South Asia in the Neolithic time indicating bidirectional migration and admixture. PMID: 30909755 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - March 27, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Genetic composition of Teochew population in Chaozhou revealed by 19 STR loci: population polymorphism and interpopulation comparisons.
CONCLUSION: The results demonstrate the set of 19 autosomal STRs could provide robust genetics information for individual identification, paternity testing and human genetics research in the Teochew population. PMID: 30897966 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - March 23, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Timing of puberty and reserve capacity in adolescence as pathways to educational level in adulthood - a longitudinal study.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that family SES affects the child's adult education level through psychosocial and biobehavioural pathways, but the biological pathway is mediated by school achievement. PMID: 30889994 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - March 22, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

The Nick Norgan Award 2018.
Authors: PMID: 30880480 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - March 20, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Reducing food portion sizes in the home to tackle obesity- is it that simple?
Authors: Fallaize R, Markey O PMID: 30856008 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - March 13, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

Investigation of the genetic structure of Kabyle and Chaouia Algerian populations through the polymorphism of Alu insertion markers.
CONCLUSION: A strong genetic homogeneity has been found between Algerian Berbers. Global genetic diversity based on Alu markers is following the isolation by distance model except for some European populations. PMID: 30857436 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - March 13, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research

The most relevant chromosomal abnormalities in the north of rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: twenty-six years of cytogenetic analysis.
This study describes the diversity of the chromosomal alterations in this region, which have not been previously examined. After 26 years of study, we discuss our findings herein in a self-critical form. PMID: 30835556 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Human Biology)
Source: Annals of Human Biology - March 7, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Ann Hum Biol Source Type: research