Excess Mortality Calculations to Assess the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Concepts and Methodological Issues
We describe the main ways of presenting excess mortality: as a mortality rate (incidence rate) or as a percentage increase (relative risk or rate ratio). We discuss what should be regarded as the null value of excess mortality (i.e., when countries or regions can be judged as having fared equally well) and when age and sex standardization, adjustment for other determinants of the spread of a pandemic, or both is necessary. We discuss the level of detail by time and place and person that may be necessary. We note that an excess mortality comparison is essentially a difference-in-differences analysis. We conclude that, altho...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - March 28, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jan P Vandenbroucke Neil Pearce Source Type: research

Erratum In: "Airborne Lead Exposure and Childhood Cognition: The Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) Cohort (2003-2022)"
Am J Public Health. 2024 Mar 28:e1. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2023.307519e. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:38547450 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2023.307519e (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - March 28, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Erratum In: "Impact of a Permitless Concealed Firearm Carry Law in West Virginia, 1999-2015 and 2016-2020"
Am J Public Health. 2024 Mar 28:e1. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2023.307382e. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:38547451 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2023.307382e (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - March 28, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Erratum In: "Characterizing the Burden of Occupational Chemical Exposures by Sociodemographic Groups in the United States, 2021"
Am J Public Health. 2024 Mar 28:e1-e3. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2023.307461e. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:38547452 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2023.307461e (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - March 28, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Erratum In: "Addressing Health Care Workers' Mental Health: A Systematic Review of Evidence-Based Interventions and Current Resources"
Am J Public Health. 2024 Mar 28:e1. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2023.307556e. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:38547455 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2023.307556e (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - March 28, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Asian American and Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Visibility and Data Equity: Insights From NIH RADx-UP
Am J Public Health. 2024 Mar 28:e1-e6. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2024.307590. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:38547462 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2024.307590 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - March 28, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Melanie D Sabado-Liwag Patchareeya P Kwan May Okihiro Angela Sy Janice Y Tsoh Ruben Juarez JiWon Choi Chanchanit Martorell Pearl A McElfish Source Type: research

Indigenous Community-Based Participatory Research Approach and Safe Return to In-Person Learning for Din é Youth and Families
Am J Public Health. 2024 Mar 28:e1-e4. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2024.307576. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:38547463 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2024.307576 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - March 28, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Renae Begay Shannon Archuleta Joshuaa D Allison-Burbank Vanessa Begaye Lacey Howe Lisa Jim Kyann Dedman-Cisco Taylor Billey Angelina Keryte Emily E Haroz Source Type: research

Engaging School Communities During COVID-19: The Role of School Nurses
Am J Public Health. 2024 Mar 28:e1-e3. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2024.307591. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTWe explored the role of school nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic by conducting interviews and focus groups with them in 2022 and 2023 in an urban public school district. Findings indicated that school nurses played an essential public health role in engaging the school community, overseeing COVID-19 testing, and enforcing risk mitigation strategies during the pandemic. Our results contribute to understanding school nurses' experiences during the pandemic and highlight the need for training and support for their vital role....
Source: American Journal of Public Health - March 28, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Rosanne Hoffman Shelley Kay Rumour Piepenbrink Jennifer Goldman Jennifer Schuster Lauren Grimes Dana Keener Mast Source Type: research

Protection of Participants in Community-Engaged Research by Institutional Review Boards: A Call for Action
Am J Public Health. 2024 Mar 28:e1-e6. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2024.307592. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:38547467 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2024.307592 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - March 28, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Liliane Windsor Ellen Benoit Patchareeya Kwan Kevin Tan Al Richmond Source Type: research

Experiences and Lessons Learned From the RADx-UP Consortium Community Engagement Projects
In this study, we used emerging community engagement frameworks to describe the structure and outcomes of a large-scale, community-engaged, research-to-practice initiative, RADx-UP. Qualitative methods were used to analyze survey and meeting data from 2022 for RADx-UP projects. Most projects had diverse partners, achieved moderate levels of community engagement, and experienced positive outcomes. Challenges related to engagement readiness and partnership functioning. These findings demonstrate that community engagement is measurable and valuable. However, additional support is needed to achieve the highest engagement. (Am ...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - March 28, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Brandy Farrar Ann Middleton Lee Thompson Ann-Marie Akiwumi Inigo Verduzco Gallo Perfecto Munoz Miriam A Nuno Mariela Alaniz Source Type: research

Qualitative Evaluation of RADx-UP Projects Addressing COVID-19 Testing Disparities Among Underserved Populations
Am J Public Health. 2024 Mar 28:e1-e6. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2024.307632. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn this article, we present findings from a May 2022 to March 2023 qualitative evaluation of Rapid Acceleration of Diagnostics-Underserved Populations (RADx-UP) projects addressing COVID-19 testing disparities among underserved populations. Interviews with academic and community partners from 13 RADx-UP projects revealed that despite the pandemic, projects were able to build trust and relationships with underserved populations. By prioritizing community voices during a public health emergency, RADx-UP projects improved healt...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - March 28, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Shelly A Maras Abisola Osinuga I ñigo Verduzco Gallo Arturo Rodriguez Erin Corriveau Kelley Milligan Allyson Kelley Tara Carr Gaurav Dave Source Type: research

Malignant Neglect: Accounting for Public Disinterest in Deteriorating Health Outcomes in the United States
Am J Public Health. 2024 Mar 28:e1-e3. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2024.307626. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:38547491 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2024.307626 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - March 28, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Steven H Woolf Source Type: research

Excess Mortality Calculations to Assess the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Concepts and Methodological Issues
We describe the main ways of presenting excess mortality: as a mortality rate (incidence rate) or as a percentage increase (relative risk or rate ratio). We discuss what should be regarded as the null value of excess mortality (i.e., when countries or regions can be judged as having fared equally well) and when age and sex standardization, adjustment for other determinants of the spread of a pandemic, or both is necessary. We discuss the level of detail by time and place and person that may be necessary. We note that an excess mortality comparison is essentially a difference-in-differences analysis. We conclude that, altho...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - March 28, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jan P Vandenbroucke Neil Pearce Source Type: research

Erratum In: "Airborne Lead Exposure and Childhood Cognition: The Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) Cohort (2003-2022)"
Am J Public Health. 2024 Mar 28:e1. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2023.307519e. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:38547450 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2023.307519e (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - March 28, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Erratum In: "Impact of a Permitless Concealed Firearm Carry Law in West Virginia, 1999-2015 and 2016-2020"
Am J Public Health. 2024 Mar 28:e1. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2023.307382e. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:38547451 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2023.307382e (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - March 28, 2024 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research