Trading Poverty for Health: Ending the Scourge of Medical Bankruptcy Requires Bold Action
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 16:e1-e2. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306439. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34529448 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306439 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mark G Shrime Source Type: research

COVID-19 Isolation and Quarantine Experience for Residential Students at a Large Four-Year Public University
We describe the interdisciplinary isolation and quarantine program of a large, public university, the University of Virginia, Charlottesville. The program provided students with wraparound services, including medical, mental health, academic, and other support services during their isolation or quarantine stay. The program successfully accommodated 844 cases during the fall 2020 semester, thereby decreasing exposure to the rest of the university and the local community. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print September 16, 2021: e1-e4. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2021.306424).PMID:34529449 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH....
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Meredith E Hayden Diane Rozycki Kawai O Tanabe Marsh Pattie Laurie Casteen Susan Davis Christopher P Holstege Source Type: research

The Interplay of Workplace Redesign and Public Policy in the 21st Century
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 16:e1-e3. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306368. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34529450 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306368 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Leslie B Hammer Source Type: research

COVID-19 Case Rates After Surveillance and Vaccinations in a Statewide Psychiatric Hospital System
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 16:e1-e4. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306444. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIndividuals with serious mental illness are particularly vulnerable to COVID-19. The New York State (NYS) Office of Mental Health implemented patient and staff rapid testing, quarantining, and vaccination to limit COVID-19 spread in 23 state-operated psychiatric hospitals between November 2020 and February 2021. COVID-19 infection rates in inpatients and staff decreased by 96% and 71%, respectively, and the NYS population case rate decreased by 6%. Repeated COVID-19 testing and vaccination should be priority interventions fo...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Thomas E Smith Ian T Rodgers Daniel J Silverman Sally R Dreslin Mark Olfson Lisa B Dixon Melanie M Wall Source Type: research

"Do Their Own Thing": Radical Health Care and the Fair Haven Community Health Center
This article examines the history of Fair Haven Community Health Care (FHCHC) in New Haven, Connecticut, an organization that spanned both models and typified innovative aspects of each while resisting the forces that tempered many of its contemporaries' progressive practices. Motivated by a tradition of independence and struggling to address medical neglect in their neighborhood, FHCHC leaders chose not to affiliate with the local academic hospital, a decision that led many disaffected community members to embrace the clinic. The FHCHC also prioritized grant funding over fee-for-service revenue, thus retaining freedom to ...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ezra S Lichtman Source Type: research

A Novel Imputation Approach for Sharing Protected Public Health Data
Conclusions. Our easy-to-implement imputation technique largely overcomes the adverse effects of low count value suppression with superior results to simple mean imputation. This novel method is generalizable to researchers sharing protected public health surveillance data. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print September 16, 2021: e1-e9. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2021.306432).PMID:34529494 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306432 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Elizabeth A Erdman Leonard D Young Dana L Bernson Cici Bauer Kenneth Chui Thomas J Stopka Source Type: research

Countering Misinformation About Abortion: The Role of Health Sciences Librarians
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 16:e1-e4. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306471. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34529495 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306471 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jill Barr-Walker Teresa DePi ñeres Peace Ossom-Williamson Biftu Mengesha Nancy F Berglas Source Type: research

The Prison Industrial Complex as a Commercial Determinant of Health
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 16:e1-e3. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306467. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34529500 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306467 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Daniel Eisenkraft Klein Joana Madureira Lima Source Type: research

Rurality, Gender, and Obesity: An Intersectionality Perspective on Rural Men's Health
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 16:e1-e3. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306482. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34529501 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306482 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Demetrius A Abshire Guillermo M Wippold Dawn K Wilson Bernardine M Pinto Janice C Probst James W Hardin Source Type: research

Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy Prevention Among Native American Youths: A Randomized Controlled Trial, 2016-2018
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 16:e1-e11. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306447. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTObjectives. To evaluate the efficacy of the Respecting the Circle of Life program (RCL) among Native American youths 11 to 19 years of age residing in a rural reservation community in the southwestern United States. Methods. Between 2016 and 2018, we conducted a randomized controlled trial of the RCL program with 534 Native youths. Participants completed assessments at baseline and 9 and 12 months after the intervention. We conducted intention-to-treat analyses based on study group randomization. Results. At 9 months, inter...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lauren Tingey Rachel Chambers Hima Patel Shea Littlepage Shauntel Lee Angelita Lee Davette Susan Laura Melgar Anna Slimp Summer Rosenstock Source Type: research

Public Health Responses to Pandemics in 1918 and 2020
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 16:e1-e3. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306453. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34529508 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306453 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: E Thomas Ewing Source Type: research

Sexism and Health: Advancing Knowledge Through Structural and Intersectional Approaches
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 16:e1-e3. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306480. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34529509 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306480 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Patricia Homan Source Type: research

A Public Health Agenda for the 2020s
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 16:e1-e4. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306481. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34529513 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306481 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Nicholas Freudenberg Source Type: research

Work Redesign for the 21st Century: Promising Strategies for Enhancing Worker Well-Being
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 9:e1-e9. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306283. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTWork is a key social determinant of population health and well-being. Yet, efforts to improve worker well-being in the United States are often focused on changing individual health behaviors via employer wellness programs. The COVID-19 health crisis has brought into sharp relief some of the limitations of current approaches, revealing structural conditions that heighten the vulnerability of workers and their families to physical and psychosocial stressors. To address these gaps, we build on existing frameworks and work redesi...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Meg Lovejoy Erin L Kelly Laura D Kubzansky Lisa F Berkman Source Type: research

Finding the Next Flint: The Need to Update the Blood Lead Reference Value
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 9:e1-e4. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306429. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34499533 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306429 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Perry Gottesfeld Source Type: research

City-Level Structural Stigma and Patient Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Data Collection at US Health Centers, 2018
Conclusions. Municipal sexual and gender minority nondiscrimination laws are associated with social and municipal environments that facilitate patient SOGI data collection. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print September 9, 2021:e1-e5. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2021.306414).PMID:34499534 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306414 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Anthony N Almazan Dana King Chris Grasso Sean Cahill Micah Lattanner Mark L Hatzenbuehler Alex S Keuroghlian Source Type: research

Rapid-Cycle Experimentation With State and Federal Policymakers for Optimizing the Reach of Racial Equity Research
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 9:e1-e4. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306404. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTRacial disparities and racism are pervasive public health threats that have been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. Thus, it is critical and timely for researchers to communicate with policymakers about strategies for reducing disparities. From April through July 2020, across four rapid-cycle trials disseminating scientific products with evidence-based policy recommendations for addressing disparities, we tested strategies for optimizing the reach of scientific messages to policymakers. By getting such research into the ha...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Elizabeth C Long Jessica Pugel J Taylor Scott Nicolyn Charlot Cagla Giray Mary A Fernandes D Max Crowley Source Type: research

Toward an Office of Evidence-Based Learning in Public Health: Formal Support, Pedagogical Scholarship, and Effective Teaching
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 9:e1-e5. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306423. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34499536 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306423 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Elizabeth Reisinger Walker Dawn L Comeau Colleen M McBride Delia L Lang Source Type: research

Self-Reported Health Indicators in the US Army: Longitudinal Analysis From a Population Surveillance System, 2014 ‒2018
Conclusions. In the Army, tobacco, alcohol, and risky dietary supplement usage appears to be declining, whereas lifestyle health behaviors have been stable. Whether these trends reflect responses to health education is unknown. The GAT provides useful insights into the health of the Army, which can be leveraged when developing health-related educational programs and policies. Public Health Implications. Health behaviors that have changed less over time (e.g., nutrition, sleep) may require novel approaches compared with those that changed more (e.g., dietary supplement use, drinking). (Am J Public Health. Published online a...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jessica L Kegel Josh B Kazman Daniel R Clifton Patricia A Deuster Sarah J de la Motte Source Type: research

Implementation of a COVID-19 Mass Vaccination Clinic to College Students in Montana
We describe a large-scale collaborative intervention of practice measures and COVID-19 vaccine administration to college students in the priority 1b group, which included Black or Indigenous persons and other persons of color. In February 2021, at this decentralized vaccine distribution site at Montana State University in Bozeman, we administered 806 first doses and 776 second doses by implementing an interprofessional effort with personnel from relevant university units, including facilities management, student health, communications, administration, and academic units (e.g., nursing, medicine, medical assistant program, ...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sally Moyce Julie Ruff Ann Galloway Sarah Shannon Source Type: research

Excess Deaths in Mexico City and New York City During the COVID-19 Pandemic, March to August 2020
Conclusions. Overall, excess mortality was higher in NYC than in MXC; however, the excess mortality rate among young adults was higher in MXC. Public Health Implications. Excess all-cause mortality comparisons across populations and age groups may represent a more complete measure of pandemic effects and provide information on mitigation strategies and susceptibility factors. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print September 9, 2021: e1-e4. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2021.306430).PMID:34499539 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306430 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mart ín Lajous Rodrigo Huerta-Guti érrez Joseph Kennedy Donald R Olson Daniel M Weinberger Source Type: research

Disparities in Opioid Overdose Death Trends by Race/Ethnicity, 2018-2019, From the HEALing Communities Study
Conclusions. Overall opioid overdose death rates have leveled off but have increased among non-Hispanic Black individuals. Public Health Implications. An antiracist public health approach is needed to address the crisis of opioid-related harms. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print September 9, 2021:e1-e4. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2021.306431).PMID:34499540 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306431 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Marc R Larochelle Svetla Slavova Elisabeth D Root Daniel J Feaster Patrick J Ward Sabrina C Selk Charles Knott Jennifer Villani Jeffrey H Samet Source Type: research

Work Redesign for the 21st Century: Promising Strategies for Enhancing Worker Well-Being
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 9:e1-e9. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306283. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTWork is a key social determinant of population health and well-being. Yet, efforts to improve worker well-being in the United States are often focused on changing individual health behaviors via employer wellness programs. The COVID-19 health crisis has brought into sharp relief some of the limitations of current approaches, revealing structural conditions that heighten the vulnerability of workers and their families to physical and psychosocial stressors. To address these gaps, we build on existing frameworks and work redesi...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Meg Lovejoy Erin L Kelly Laura D Kubzansky Lisa F Berkman Source Type: research

Finding the Next Flint: The Need to Update the Blood Lead Reference Value
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 9:e1-e4. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306429. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34499533 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306429 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Perry Gottesfeld Source Type: research

City-Level Structural Stigma and Patient Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Data Collection at US Health Centers, 2018
Conclusions. Municipal sexual and gender minority nondiscrimination laws are associated with social and municipal environments that facilitate patient SOGI data collection. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print September 9, 2021:e1-e5. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2021.306414).PMID:34499534 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306414 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Anthony N Almazan Dana King Chris Grasso Sean Cahill Micah Lattanner Mark L Hatzenbuehler Alex S Keuroghlian Source Type: research

Rapid-Cycle Experimentation With State and Federal Policymakers for Optimizing the Reach of Racial Equity Research
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 9:e1-e4. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306404. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTRacial disparities and racism are pervasive public health threats that have been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. Thus, it is critical and timely for researchers to communicate with policymakers about strategies for reducing disparities. From April through July 2020, across four rapid-cycle trials disseminating scientific products with evidence-based policy recommendations for addressing disparities, we tested strategies for optimizing the reach of scientific messages to policymakers. By getting such research into the ha...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Elizabeth C Long Jessica Pugel J Taylor Scott Nicolyn Charlot Cagla Giray Mary A Fernandes D Max Crowley Source Type: research

Toward an Office of Evidence-Based Learning in Public Health: Formal Support, Pedagogical Scholarship, and Effective Teaching
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 9:e1-e5. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306423. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34499536 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306423 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Elizabeth Reisinger Walker Dawn L Comeau Colleen M McBride Delia L Lang Source Type: research

Self-Reported Health Indicators in the US Army: Longitudinal Analysis From a Population Surveillance System, 2014 ‒2018
Conclusions. In the Army, tobacco, alcohol, and risky dietary supplement usage appears to be declining, whereas lifestyle health behaviors have been stable. Whether these trends reflect responses to health education is unknown. The GAT provides useful insights into the health of the Army, which can be leveraged when developing health-related educational programs and policies. Public Health Implications. Health behaviors that have changed less over time (e.g., nutrition, sleep) may require novel approaches compared with those that changed more (e.g., dietary supplement use, drinking). (Am J Public Health. Published online a...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jessica L Kegel Josh B Kazman Daniel R Clifton Patricia A Deuster Sarah J de la Motte Source Type: research

Implementation of a COVID-19 Mass Vaccination Clinic to College Students in Montana
We describe a large-scale collaborative intervention of practice measures and COVID-19 vaccine administration to college students in the priority 1b group, which included Black or Indigenous persons and other persons of color. In February 2021, at this decentralized vaccine distribution site at Montana State University in Bozeman, we administered 806 first doses and 776 second doses by implementing an interprofessional effort with personnel from relevant university units, including facilities management, student health, communications, administration, and academic units (e.g., nursing, medicine, medical assistant program, ...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sally Moyce Julie Ruff Ann Galloway Sarah Shannon Source Type: research

Excess Deaths in Mexico City and New York City During the COVID-19 Pandemic, March to August 2020
Conclusions. Overall, excess mortality was higher in NYC than in MXC; however, the excess mortality rate among young adults was higher in MXC. Public Health Implications. Excess all-cause mortality comparisons across populations and age groups may represent a more complete measure of pandemic effects and provide information on mitigation strategies and susceptibility factors. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print September 9, 2021: e1-e4. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2021.306430).PMID:34499539 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306430 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mart ín Lajous Rodrigo Huerta-Guti érrez Joseph Kennedy Donald R Olson Daniel M Weinberger Source Type: research

Disparities in Opioid Overdose Death Trends by Race/Ethnicity, 2018-2019, From the HEALing Communities Study
Conclusions. Overall opioid overdose death rates have leveled off but have increased among non-Hispanic Black individuals. Public Health Implications. An antiracist public health approach is needed to address the crisis of opioid-related harms. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print September 9, 2021:e1-e4. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2021.306431).PMID:34499540 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306431 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Marc R Larochelle Svetla Slavova Elisabeth D Root Daniel J Feaster Patrick J Ward Sabrina C Selk Charles Knott Jennifer Villani Jeffrey H Samet Source Type: research

Work Redesign for the 21st Century: Promising Strategies for Enhancing Worker Well-Being
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 9:e1-e9. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306283. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTWork is a key social determinant of population health and well-being. Yet, efforts to improve worker well-being in the United States are often focused on changing individual health behaviors via employer wellness programs. The COVID-19 health crisis has brought into sharp relief some of the limitations of current approaches, revealing structural conditions that heighten the vulnerability of workers and their families to physical and psychosocial stressors. To address these gaps, we build on existing frameworks and work redesi...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Meg Lovejoy Erin L Kelly Laura D Kubzansky Lisa F Berkman Source Type: research

Finding the Next Flint: The Need to Update the Blood Lead Reference Value
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 9:e1-e4. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306429. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34499533 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306429 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Perry Gottesfeld Source Type: research

City-Level Structural Stigma and Patient Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Data Collection at US Health Centers, 2018
Conclusions. Municipal sexual and gender minority nondiscrimination laws are associated with social and municipal environments that facilitate patient SOGI data collection. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print September 9, 2021:e1-e5. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2021.306414).PMID:34499534 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306414 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Anthony N Almazan Dana King Chris Grasso Sean Cahill Micah Lattanner Mark L Hatzenbuehler Alex S Keuroghlian Source Type: research

Rapid-Cycle Experimentation With State and Federal Policymakers for Optimizing the Reach of Racial Equity Research
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 9:e1-e4. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306404. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTRacial disparities and racism are pervasive public health threats that have been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. Thus, it is critical and timely for researchers to communicate with policymakers about strategies for reducing disparities. From April through July 2020, across four rapid-cycle trials disseminating scientific products with evidence-based policy recommendations for addressing disparities, we tested strategies for optimizing the reach of scientific messages to policymakers. By getting such research into the ha...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Elizabeth C Long Jessica Pugel J Taylor Scott Nicolyn Charlot Cagla Giray Mary A Fernandes D Max Crowley Source Type: research

Toward an Office of Evidence-Based Learning in Public Health: Formal Support, Pedagogical Scholarship, and Effective Teaching
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 9:e1-e5. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306423. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34499536 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306423 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Elizabeth Reisinger Walker Dawn L Comeau Colleen M McBride Delia L Lang Source Type: research

Self-Reported Health Indicators in the US Army: Longitudinal Analysis From a Population Surveillance System, 2014 ‒2018
Conclusions. In the Army, tobacco, alcohol, and risky dietary supplement usage appears to be declining, whereas lifestyle health behaviors have been stable. Whether these trends reflect responses to health education is unknown. The GAT provides useful insights into the health of the Army, which can be leveraged when developing health-related educational programs and policies. Public Health Implications. Health behaviors that have changed less over time (e.g., nutrition, sleep) may require novel approaches compared with those that changed more (e.g., dietary supplement use, drinking). (Am J Public Health. Published online a...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jessica L Kegel Josh B Kazman Daniel R Clifton Patricia A Deuster Sarah J de la Motte Source Type: research

Implementation of a COVID-19 Mass Vaccination Clinic to College Students in Montana
We describe a large-scale collaborative intervention of practice measures and COVID-19 vaccine administration to college students in the priority 1b group, which included Black or Indigenous persons and other persons of color. In February 2021, at this decentralized vaccine distribution site at Montana State University in Bozeman, we administered 806 first doses and 776 second doses by implementing an interprofessional effort with personnel from relevant university units, including facilities management, student health, communications, administration, and academic units (e.g., nursing, medicine, medical assistant program, ...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sally Moyce Julie Ruff Ann Galloway Sarah Shannon Source Type: research

Excess Deaths in Mexico City and New York City During the COVID-19 Pandemic, March to August 2020
Conclusions. Overall, excess mortality was higher in NYC than in MXC; however, the excess mortality rate among young adults was higher in MXC. Public Health Implications. Excess all-cause mortality comparisons across populations and age groups may represent a more complete measure of pandemic effects and provide information on mitigation strategies and susceptibility factors. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print September 9, 2021: e1-e4. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2021.306430).PMID:34499539 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306430 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mart ín Lajous Rodrigo Huerta-Guti érrez Joseph Kennedy Donald R Olson Daniel M Weinberger Source Type: research

Disparities in Opioid Overdose Death Trends by Race/Ethnicity, 2018-2019, From the HEALing Communities Study
Conclusions. Overall opioid overdose death rates have leveled off but have increased among non-Hispanic Black individuals. Public Health Implications. An antiracist public health approach is needed to address the crisis of opioid-related harms. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print September 9, 2021:e1-e4. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2021.306431).PMID:34499540 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306431 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Marc R Larochelle Svetla Slavova Elisabeth D Root Daniel J Feaster Patrick J Ward Sabrina C Selk Charles Knott Jennifer Villani Jeffrey H Samet Source Type: research

Work Redesign for the 21st Century: Promising Strategies for Enhancing Worker Well-Being
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 9:e1-e9. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306283. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTWork is a key social determinant of population health and well-being. Yet, efforts to improve worker well-being in the United States are often focused on changing individual health behaviors via employer wellness programs. The COVID-19 health crisis has brought into sharp relief some of the limitations of current approaches, revealing structural conditions that heighten the vulnerability of workers and their families to physical and psychosocial stressors. To address these gaps, we build on existing frameworks and work redesi...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Meg Lovejoy Erin L Kelly Laura D Kubzansky Lisa F Berkman Source Type: research

Finding the Next Flint: The Need to Update the Blood Lead Reference Value
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 9:e1-e4. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306429. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34499533 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306429 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Perry Gottesfeld Source Type: research

City-Level Structural Stigma and Patient Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Data Collection at US Health Centers, 2018
Conclusions. Municipal sexual and gender minority nondiscrimination laws are associated with social and municipal environments that facilitate patient SOGI data collection. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print September 9, 2021:e1-e5. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2021.306414).PMID:34499534 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306414 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Anthony N Almazan Dana King Chris Grasso Sean Cahill Micah Lattanner Mark L Hatzenbuehler Alex S Keuroghlian Source Type: research

Rapid-Cycle Experimentation With State and Federal Policymakers for Optimizing the Reach of Racial Equity Research
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 9:e1-e4. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306404. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTRacial disparities and racism are pervasive public health threats that have been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. Thus, it is critical and timely for researchers to communicate with policymakers about strategies for reducing disparities. From April through July 2020, across four rapid-cycle trials disseminating scientific products with evidence-based policy recommendations for addressing disparities, we tested strategies for optimizing the reach of scientific messages to policymakers. By getting such research into the ha...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Elizabeth C Long Jessica Pugel J Taylor Scott Nicolyn Charlot Cagla Giray Mary A Fernandes D Max Crowley Source Type: research

Toward an Office of Evidence-Based Learning in Public Health: Formal Support, Pedagogical Scholarship, and Effective Teaching
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 9:e1-e5. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306423. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34499536 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306423 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Elizabeth Reisinger Walker Dawn L Comeau Colleen M McBride Delia L Lang Source Type: research

Self-Reported Health Indicators in the US Army: Longitudinal Analysis From a Population Surveillance System, 2014 ‒2018
Conclusions. In the Army, tobacco, alcohol, and risky dietary supplement usage appears to be declining, whereas lifestyle health behaviors have been stable. Whether these trends reflect responses to health education is unknown. The GAT provides useful insights into the health of the Army, which can be leveraged when developing health-related educational programs and policies. Public Health Implications. Health behaviors that have changed less over time (e.g., nutrition, sleep) may require novel approaches compared with those that changed more (e.g., dietary supplement use, drinking). (Am J Public Health. Published online a...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jessica L Kegel Josh B Kazman Daniel R Clifton Patricia A Deuster Sarah J de la Motte Source Type: research

Implementation of a COVID-19 Mass Vaccination Clinic to College Students in Montana
We describe a large-scale collaborative intervention of practice measures and COVID-19 vaccine administration to college students in the priority 1b group, which included Black or Indigenous persons and other persons of color. In February 2021, at this decentralized vaccine distribution site at Montana State University in Bozeman, we administered 806 first doses and 776 second doses by implementing an interprofessional effort with personnel from relevant university units, including facilities management, student health, communications, administration, and academic units (e.g., nursing, medicine, medical assistant program, ...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sally Moyce Julie Ruff Ann Galloway Sarah Shannon Source Type: research

Excess Deaths in Mexico City and New York City During the COVID-19 Pandemic, March to August 2020
Conclusions. Overall, excess mortality was higher in NYC than in MXC; however, the excess mortality rate among young adults was higher in MXC. Public Health Implications. Excess all-cause mortality comparisons across populations and age groups may represent a more complete measure of pandemic effects and provide information on mitigation strategies and susceptibility factors. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print September 9, 2021: e1-e4. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2021.306430).PMID:34499539 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306430 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mart ín Lajous Rodrigo Huerta-Guti érrez Joseph Kennedy Donald R Olson Daniel M Weinberger Source Type: research

Disparities in Opioid Overdose Death Trends by Race/Ethnicity, 2018-2019, From the HEALing Communities Study
Conclusions. Overall opioid overdose death rates have leveled off but have increased among non-Hispanic Black individuals. Public Health Implications. An antiracist public health approach is needed to address the crisis of opioid-related harms. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print September 9, 2021:e1-e4. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2021.306431).PMID:34499540 | DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2021.306431 (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Marc R Larochelle Svetla Slavova Elisabeth D Root Daniel J Feaster Patrick J Ward Sabrina C Selk Charles Knott Jennifer Villani Jeffrey H Samet Source Type: research

Work Redesign for the 21st Century: Promising Strategies for Enhancing Worker Well-Being
Am J Public Health. 2021 Sep 9:e1-e9. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2021.306283. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTWork is a key social determinant of population health and well-being. Yet, efforts to improve worker well-being in the United States are often focused on changing individual health behaviors via employer wellness programs. The COVID-19 health crisis has brought into sharp relief some of the limitations of current approaches, revealing structural conditions that heighten the vulnerability of workers and their families to physical and psychosocial stressors. To address these gaps, we build on existing frameworks and work redesi...
Source: American Journal of Public Health - September 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Meg Lovejoy Erin L Kelly Laura D Kubzansky Lisa F Berkman Source Type: research