142 Advance Care Planning in Patients with Dementia: An Audit on End of Life Care in Hospital Deaths
ConclusionOur study highlights the urgent need to facilitate conversations around end-of-life care with people with dementia.  Advance care planning reduces the use of burdensome treatments, ensures dignity and comfort is prioritized enabling patients to live well until they die. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Author Index
(Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

255 An Exploration of the Feasibility and Acceptability of Wearable Technology in Parkinson ’s Disease
ConclusionEngagement of PwP ’s in the design of wearable technology is vital for the development of devices that improve the management of PD. This study will directly inform a multi-country feasibility study of wearable devices for older people, with a particular focus on the needs of PwP’s. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

144 The Use of a Multidisciplinary Team Discharge “Huddle” to Improve Patient Flow and Planning
ConclusionRather than using a negative view of older adults as potential ‘bed blockers’, the discharge huddle allowed a pro-active approach to assist medical and surgical teams in the management and re-enablement of patients with complex care needs. Early identification of such patients with complex care and discharge needs allowed greater focus on appropriate planni ng earlier in the patient’s hospital journey. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Category Index
(Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

148 Orthogeriatrics, Just the Beginning
ConclusionThe introduction of a dedicated orthogeriatrics service has led to a more collaborative multi-disciplinary approach to patient care with evidence of improvements in all Irish Hip Fracture Standards. Commitment to a resourced orthogeriatric service providing rapid comprehensive geriatric assessments is essential to advance improvements in older patients ’ care. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

261 Sleep and Frailty: Examining the Effects of Frailty on Sleep Disturbance in Hospitalised Older Adults
AbstractBackgroundSleep disturbance is common in hospital, potentially resulting in poor clinical outcomes. Frailty is similarly prevalent and associated with multiple adverse events. Despite this, little is known about the interaction between frailty and sleep among older hospital inpatients.MethodsConsecutive, non-critically ill patients aged ≥70, admitted medically through a large university hospital emergency department (ED) during the preceding 24 hours, were evaluated with measures assessing overnight sleep quality (Richards Campbell Sleep Questionnaire/RCSQ), baseline sleep (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index/PSQI) a...
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

149 Satisfaction with Food-Related Life Of Irish Adults Older Than 55 Years
AbstractBackgroundFood is an important part of older people ’s life contributing to their physiological and mental well-being and to their satisfaction with life. The aim of this study was to investigate the factors that contribute to the satisfaction with food-related life of Irish community-dwelling adults older than 55 years.MethodsA mixed methods approach was employed. Quantitative data were collected through a survey which tested how socio-demographic characteristics, food habits, mood and self-perceived health were correlated (Spearman correlation) with the 5 items from the satisfaction with food-related life (...
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

6 The Intersection of Human Rights and Decision Making Capacity Legislation with Person Centred Approaches
ConclusionThe intrinsic worth of each human is articulated through an implicit and explicit vindication of their human rights. The emergence of the third generation of human rights has argued the value of self-determination and autonomy, articulated through robust national legislation on decision-making capacity based on the core principles of person centred care approaches. This move from paternalism is imperative and is imbued in contemporary legislation and legal commentaries, which has noted the need for revisions in health and social care case management perspectives. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

150 Severe Drug Interactions (SDIs) and Potentially Inappropriate Prescriptions (PIPs) in Older Adults with Cancer
The objectives of this study were to identify the prevalence of severe drug interactions (SDIs) and potentially inappropriate prescriptions (PIPs) in older adults with cancer.MethodsA 12-month prospective observational study of patients ≥65 years admitted to an oncology centre was conducted. SDIs were assessed using Stockley’s interaction checker; PIPs were identified using STOPP/START criteria. Logistic regression was applied to determine the influence of age, gender, co-morbidities and medication number on the likelihood of a n SDI and a PIP.ResultsWe enrolled 186 participants; mean age 72.5 (SD5.7) years, 46.2%...
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

16 An Analysis of the Impact of Establishing an Ambulatory Stroke Team
ConclusionA dedicated Ambulatory Stroke Team can prevent hospital admissions and save bed days due to rapid identification and specialist assessment of suspected TIAs and strokes. Multidisciplinary team working as part of a quality improvement project can improve the percentage of strokes admitted directly to the stroke unit. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

273 Characteristics of Centenarians in the Irish Hip Fracture Database
ConclusionThis data provides the first insight into hip fractures in the oldest old in an Irish context. Rate of operative intervention was reassuringly high with in-hospital mortality outcomes of 12% which is low by international standards. The age of those sustaining hip fractures is increasing with numbers of the oldest old expected to rise. Orthogeriatric input results in improved care for this population and will require increased resourcing for future cohorts of patients. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

153 Barriers and Enablers of Assisted Decision-making for Older People in Acute Care Hospitals: A Multi-Stakeholder Inquiry
ConclusionThe issues identified around ADM will inform the development of a serious discussion game on acute care scenarios, which will be deployed for awareness raising and educational purposes. Findings will also help focus attention on how those working within complex health systems and organisations can practically implement changes to practice in line with ADM legislation. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

154 Specialised Memory and Attention Rehabilitation Therapy (SMART) Programme
ConclusionThe findings have demonstrated potential to significantly improve participants ’ cognitive function and have shown functional significant gains as a result both objectively and subjectively. The findings have also demonstrated the feasibility of successfully implementing a cognitive rehabilitation programme on an outpatient basis in an acute hospital setting. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

17 Is Phenotypical Prefrailty all the Same? A Longitudinal Investigation of Two Prefrailty Subtypes in a Population-Based Longitudinal Study of Ageing
ConclusionPrefrailty may not be a homogenous biological syndrome. This may have relevance for the design of interventions to delay or reverse frailty in populations. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

277 Frailty and Early Supported Discharge (ESD) Post-Stroke: Are Frail Patients Referred to ESD and is Frailty Associated with Rehabilitation Outcomes?
ConclusionFrail patients are not routinely referred for ESD post-stroke. Patients who are pre-frail or frail make similar improvements with ESD compared to non-frail patient in functional independence but not quality of life. Comparable levels of physiotherapy and occupational therapy are provided but frail patients require less SLT. Further research is needed to ascertain if frail patients are appropriate for ESD. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

170 Admissions to a Stroke Unit in an Irish Rehabilitation Hospital: A Review from Speech and Language Therapy
ConclusionCCDs are highly prevalent and represented the largest subtype of communication disorders in this cohort. FIMFAM scores appear useful in assessing CCDs however they display insufficient sensitivity in capturing change within this population. This audit highlights the need for further interdisciplinary research, education and training into cognitive-communication difficulties with post-stroke populations. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

33 “Striking Back Against Stroke”
AbstractBackground2 million brain cells die every minute increasing the risk of permanent brain damage, disability or death. Despite the fact that IV Thrombolysis and Thrombectomy are now the standard of care, optimal rates of door to needle times and door to decision times have not been managed to be achieved throughout Ireland. There is a gap between what we know and what we do.Treatment within a shorter time frame improves patient outcomes.Aim: To reduce door to decision time for Thrombectomy to
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

280 Acute Hospital Presentations among Nursing Home Residents: A Retrospective Observational Analysis
ConclusionWe noted high numbers of patients from nursing homes attending our emergency department. A very high proportion were admitted, along with a high number of subsequent re-presentations. Death rates were higher in those with more advanced frailty status. We would suggest advanced care planning and strategies to improve the patient experience.This study highlights the requirement for improved advance care planning in the nursing home setting. This is however a complex issue. Early discussion about end of life preferences with patients and family is required. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

171 Programme Theory to Guide the Adoption of Assisted Decision Making with Older People in Acute Healthcare: Realist Evaluation
ConclusionInvolving stakeholders in PT development enhances the utility, feasibility and applicability of the results. This PT provides a framework for those planning ADM implementation within the AC settings. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

293 Improving the Quality of Dementia Care in General Practice: A Qualitative Study
ConclusionGPs find dementia care to be a complex, challenging aspect of primary care. While education and training is advocated by GPs, service delivery also needs to be reconfigured. Dementia needs to be included under chronic disease management in Ireland and services must become standardized. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

172 Sarcopenia, Frailty and Malnutrition in the Older Adults in the Emergency Department Setting
AbstractBackgroundThe physical phenotype of frailty shows significant overlap with sarcopenia, and sarcopenia phenotype is associated with malnutrition. Integrating screening of these interrelated conditions, could help identify those most vulnerable in the Emergency Department (ED) setting.MethodsPatients ≥75 were screened in the Emergency department (ED) by an interdisciplinary Gerontological ED team using a standardised assessment tool, incorporating the Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) and the mini-nutritional assessment short form (MNA-SF). Patients at risk of malnutrition ( MNA-SF
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

37 Impact of Adverse Events on the Older Inpatient Population- A Subgroup Analysis of the Irish National Adverse Events Study (INAES)
AbstractBackgroundAdverse events are any injuries caused by healthcare management, which result in disability, increased length of stay or death. The Irish National Adverse Event Study (INAES)(1) used the Harvard Medical Practice, 2-step methodology of retrospective chart review(2) to determine the adverse event rate in the Irish inpatient cohort.MethodsWe further analysed the INAES data in order to calculate the prevalence and determine the impact of adverse events on the older inpatient population.ResultsINAES captured 1574 randomly selected adult inpatient admissions from 8 hospitals across the Republic of Ireland in 20...
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

294 A Review of a Domiciliary-Based Multidisciplinary Integrated Care Service with Healthcare Assistant Home Support – Is this the Optimum Model?
ConclusionThe “discharge to assess” model of integrated care for older people can be achieved in the Irish healthcare setting, with access to flexible HCA delivered home support a key element. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

175 A Dyadic Approach to Life-Threatening Illness in Older Adults and their Spouse Carers
ConclusionFindings highlight the importance of taking a dyadic approach to life-threatening illness in older adults and the role of interpersonal and familial variables on the mental health of both members. Interventions to support and strengthen relationships and communication and address depressive symptoms of both members of the dyad are warranted. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

179 Evaluating a Clinical Pharmacist Service in a Residential Care Unit
This study assessed the pharmacist role in an 80 bed residential care unit by:Quantifying the number and type of pharmacist interventions made and their acceptance rate.Assessing impact of pharmacist interventions on patient care.Assessing staff attitudes towards the clinical pharmacist service.MethodsThis was a non-blinded, non-comparative evaluation of the existing clinical pharmacist service in the unit. All residents were included. All pharmacist interventions over a 10-week period were recorded, then graded according to the Eadon scale1 by a consultant gerontologist and an experienced pharmacist to assess their impact...
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

38 Patient and Environmental Factors Influencing Recognition, Response Time, and Treatment of In-Hospital Stroke
ConclusionIn-hospital strokes are frequently missed due to the complexities of the patients involved.  Education programs targeted at enhancing stroke pickup among hospital staff could potentially decrease delays and improve patient outcomes. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

310 Impact of an Integrated Care Hub on Access for the Community to In-patient Rehabilitation: Right Place, Right Time
ConclusionThis work highlights the effectiveness of an improved co-ordinated referral pathway, within an integrated care hub, from community to in-patient rehabilitation beds with improved accessibility and reduced waiting times. AvLoS figures suggest that appropriate patients were admitted to the rehabilitation units. Also, it confirms the efficiency of a patient centred approach in maximising appropriate services for Right Person, Right Place, Right Time. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

48 Accessing Respite Services for People with Dementia and Their Carers: A Qualitative Study with Multiple Stakeholders
ConclusionA number of the findings support previous research; however novel findings discussed relating to the access negotiation process include 1) the ambiguous legitimacy of respite needs, in a system configured to deliver a biomedical model of care and which considers non-medical care as a family responsibility, and 2) the constraining effects of disparate conceptualisations of ‘respite’ between carers and providers. Future research should interrogate the appropriate boundaries of public responsibility in relation to respite service planning/delivery for dementia, with particular reference to client prefere...
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

49 Health and Social Care Professionals ’ Perceptions Regarding Home-Care Robots for Older People in Ireland: A Questionnaire Study
ConclusionWhile there was generally a positive perception of the use of home-care robots among Irish HSCPs, cautious attitudes were evident in the areas of decision-making and privacy.  This study was funded by the Pfizer Health Research Foundation. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

181 Pharmacist Review of Clinical Practice for Crushing Medicines on Two Gerontology Wards in an Acute Hospital
ConclusionAdministration of medicines in patients with swallowing difficulties was sub-optimal. Clinical pharmacist review of medicines supports appropriate administration in these patients.A system to promote close communication within the multi-disciplinary team regarding patient ’s swallowing ability is needed. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

318 Does a Teleconference-Delivered Educational Programme (ECHO) Provided to Nursing Homes Reduce Emergency Hospital Transfers?
AbstractBackgroundNursing home staff manage increasingly complex patients yet struggle to access education programmes due to geographical logistical barriers. The aim of this study is to measure the impact on emergency hospital transfers a novel teleconference-delivered palliative care education programme (ECHO) has on patient transfers from nursing homes to emergency departments.MethodsTen interactive sessions were provided to staff from 20 nursing homes, using teleconferencing technology through the “Project ECHO” model. “Transfer forms” were completed by participating staff 6 months before echo, ...
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

53 Improving Door to Needle Times in Acute Stroke
ConclusionDelays in the stroke pathway were rectifiable by change of practice. Most changes were simple without need of any additional resource. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

184 A National Survey of Clinicians who Assess People with Suspected Dementia: Service Characteristics and Practice
ConclusionThe significant variability within current services who see PwSD, in terms of multidisciplinary involvement, waiting times, setting, and supporting investigations, supports the need for a national diagnostic framework. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

322 Major Trauma in the Older Person - Major Challenges Ahead
ConclusionThere is a marked change in the age profile sustaining major trauma since the late 1990's. Patients today are older with more complex medical needs, have greater lengths of stay and many do not return to independent living. The most common mechanism of injury for older people is a low fall at home. We need to prevent low galls using a multidisciplinary, multi-agency approach. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

58 Hospitalisation Rates and Causes for People with Dementia in Northern Ireland
ConclusionThe results will inform health care professionals on whether a reduced number of hospitalisations increases life expectancy and may result in relieving some of the financial strain currently being experienced by the National Health Service. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

191 A Multi-Country Survey to Explore What Key Stakeholders Consider to be Important in a Model of Dementia Palliative Care
ConclusionNumerous components of a ‘good’ model were identified, along with possible barriers to implementation of the model. This study, as part of the larger project, will inform a model of dementia palliative care for the Irish Healthcare system with the potential to improve the experiences of people with dementia and their fa milies. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

61 Impact of Dedicated Geriatrician Involvement on National Emergency Laparotomy Audit Standards and Outcomes
ConclusionIntroduction of a dedicated geriatric surgical liaison service is associated with increased compliance with NELA standards. Despite more emergency laparotomies being performed on older patients, this was associated with improved mortality and rates of home discharge, consistent with published data. Targeted investment in surgical liaison services may therefore be warranted. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

192 Interleukin-6 and C-Reactive Protein Predict all Cause Death and Poor Functional Outcome after Non-Severe Stroke and Transient Ischaemic Attack
AbstractBackgroundInflammation plays a role in the development of ischaemic cerebrovascular events. High sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) is known to predict recurrent events. Little data exists for more upstream serum markers of inflammation.MethodsBIO-STROKE and BIO-TIA were multicentre prospective biomarker and imaging studies of patients with non-severe stroke, TIA and controls. Exclusion criteria were malignancy, infection, recent trauma / surgery, recurrent stroke before phlebotomy/MRI.Serum biomarkers analysed included Interleukin (IL) – 6, CRP, IL-1, IL-8, IL10, IL12p70, IFN and TNF.Plasma CRP and IL-6 we...
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

329 An Integrated Care Approach to the Uses of Social Prescribing in an Acutely Frail Older Adult Cohort
ConclusionIn this acutely decompensated and vulnerable group social isolation and carer burden are a significant issue. Our study indicates the potential for the use of a social prescribing model to address this at an earlier point in frailty development at a primary care level. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

196 A Structured Literature Review of Diagnostic Processes and Pathways for People Living with Younger Onset Dementia
ConclusionFew evidence-based best-practice models or guidelines for the diagnosis of YOD exist internationally. Increased awareness of the signs and symptoms of YOD among all healthcare professionals is necessary. There is a need for improved linkages to be developed between Geriatric Medicine, Neurology, Psychiatry, and Primary Care services and in certain instances for suspected cases of YOD to be referred to neurology-led memory clinics. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

62 Engaging Older Adults in Co-Creating a Virtual Coaching Assistant (CAPTAIN) to Support Independent Living at Home
ConclusionParticipant contributions have ensured the continued development of an accessible, easy-to-use assistive technology system that will facilitate independent living and support older adults “…to do the things they want to do, when they want to do them ”. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

65 The Health and Well-Being of Family Carers of Older People: An Exploratory Cross-Sectional Analysis
ConclusionThe study findings indicate that the lack of appropriate state supports and services for family carers is negatively impacting carer health and well-being. Family carers, including those providing care to older people and those who are themselves aged over 64, need to be consistently identified for intervention by health professionals, particularly GPs and PHNs. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

343 Atrial Fibrillation, Orthostatic Hypotension and Cerebral Perfusion – Data from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing
ConclusionThere is evidence that frontal lobe perfusion is lower during orthostasis in individuals with AF, and that the presence of OH modifies this association. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

209 Deprescribing in Frail Older People Approaching End-of-Life: Development and Validation of STOPPFrail Version 2
ConclusionSTOPPFrail version 2 has been expanded and updated for the purpose of assisting clinicians with deprescribing decisions in frail older adults approaching end-of-life. The criteria are based on an up-to-date literature review and consensus validation among a panel of experts. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

69 How Useful is an Integrated Assistive Technology System in a Nursing Home? Understanding its Effectiveness on Users and their Perceptions
ConclusionOverall, the use of integrated assistive technologies yielded positive results. However, some issues were identified with regard to future implementation of such technologies in a residential care home. This study was financially supported in part by the Japanese Council of Senior Citizens Welfare Services. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

344 The Relationship between Late Life Depressive Symptoms and Cerebral White Matter Disease is Modified by Systemic and Orthostatic Blood Pressure
This study uses data from wave 3 of TILDA. Participants were included if they were aged ≥70 years and had undergone assessment for depressive symptoms, brain MRI and cardiovascular measures.Depressive symptoms were measured using the 8-item Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale. Scheltens Score was used by a trained radiologist to calculate overall WMH burden.Orthostati c BP was measured by active stand. OH was defined as a drop in Systolic BP≥20 mmHg or drop in diastolic BP≥10 mmHg at 30, 60 or 90 seconds post standing.ResultsParticipants with depressive symptoms (8%, 16/202) had a significantly hig...
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

211 A Novel Integrated Care Approach: Supporting Older Persons to Remain at Home
ConclusionThe ICT service has augmented the existing Day Hospital with timely multi-disciplinary assessment and treatment enabling older persons ’ independence within their home in addition to forward planning if dependency levels increase. Additional benefits include reduction of primary care team waiting lists and forging links with our community and local rehab services. Future ambitions include recruitment of specialist nursing and dir ect referral pathways from our community colleagues. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

71 Challenges of Delayed Discharges – A Rehabilitation Hospital’s Perspective
Conclusion1 in 3 discharges from our rehabilitation ward were delayed. These delays led to functional decline in our patients and exposed them to avoidable adverse outcomes by unnecessary prolonging hospitalisation. Resources need to be directed towards prompt delivery of community services to facilitate a safe and timely hospital discharge. (Source: Age and Ageing)
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

348 Developing a Frailty Index: Does the Composition of Functional and Disease or Risk Items Influence Frailty Estimates?
This study examines whether functional components and diseases or risk factors predict the same phenomena.MethodsData were included from The Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) wave seven for participants age ≥50 years. A 52-item FI was constructed from physical health data with 26 functional and 26 non-functional items. Functional items were obtained from activities of daily living questions (ph048& ph049), and health-related activity limitation (gali question). Non-functional items were obtained from questions on BMI, self-perceived health, disease/risks (ph006), medication use (sleep, anxiet...
Source: Age and Ageing - September 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research