Electroacupuncture ameliorates cognitive impairment through inhibition of Ca2+-mediated neurotoxicity in a rat model of cerebral ischaemia-reperfusion injury.
CONCLUSIONS: EA had a beneficial effect on cognitive repair after cerebral I/R, and its mechanism of action likely involves a reduction of Ca2+influx via inhibition of Glu neurotoxicity and downregulation of NMDAR2B expression. PMID: 30257960 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - September 26, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Zhang Y, Mao X, Lin R, Li Z, Lin J Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

An alternative approach to pudendal nerve stimulation.
PMID: 30173141 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - September 1, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Oliveira E Lemos M, Cummings M Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Effect of electroacupuncture on the activity of corticotrophin-releasing hormone neurons in the hypothalamus and amygdala in rats exposed to restraint water-immersion stress.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) treatment on gastric mucosal lesions and the activity of corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) neurons in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus and the central nucleus of the amygdala (CNA) in a rat model of restraint water-immersion stress (RWIS). METHODS: 24 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups: normal, RWIS, and RWIS+EA (n=8 per group). Rats in the RWIS group and RWIS+EA group received RWIS for 3 hours. For rats in the RWIS+EA group, EA was applied at ST36 in the bilateral hin...
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - September 1, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: He F, Wang M, Geng X, Ai H Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Differential innervation of tissues located at traditional acupuncture points in the rat forehead and face.
CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that the tissues located at each of these three traditional acupuncture points in the rat forehead and face has its own sensory and motor connection with the nervous system in a region-specific pattern through distinct neural pathways. Understanding the neuroanatomical characteristics of acupuncture points from the peripheral nervous system to the central nervous system should help inform acupuncture point selection according to the demands of the clinical situation. PMID: 30158109 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - August 29, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Wang J, Cui J, She C, Xu D, Zhang Z, Wang H, Bai W Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Use of acupuncture for musculoskeletal pain in an expedition medicine setting: a case series.
PMID: 30154158 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - August 28, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Buckley RE Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Acupuncture at ST36 exerts neuroprotective effects via inhibition of reactive astrogliosis in infantile rats with hydrocephalus.
s LDS Abstract BACKGROUND: Acupuncture has been associated with improved cerebral circulation, analgesia, neuromodulatory function and neurogenesis. In particular, acupuncture at ST36 has been widely used in several central nervous system (CNS) disorders, including neurodegenerative diseases. However, its effects on hydrocephalus have not been studied. Our aim was to evaluate the effects of acupuncture at ST36 on behaviour, motor development and reactive astrogliosis in infantile rats with hydrocephalus. METHODS: Hydrocephalus was induced in sixteen 7-day-old pup rats by injection of 20% kaolin into the ciste...
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - August 24, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tida JA, Catalão CHR, Garcia CAB, Dos Santos AC, Salmon CEG, Lopes LDS Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Systematic review of acupuncture for the treatment of alcohol withdrawal syndrome.
CONCLUSION: There was nosignificant difference between acupuncture (plus drug) and sham acupuncture (plus drug) with respect to the primary outcome measure of craving for alcohol among participants with AWS, and no difference in completion rates (pooled results). There was limited evidence from individual trials that acupuncture may reduce alcohol craving in the protracted phase and help alleviate psychological symptoms; however, given concerns about the quantity and quality of included studies, further large-scale and well-conducted RCTs are needed. PROTOCOL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42016039862. PMID: 30030272 ...
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - July 20, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Liu X, Qin Z, Zhu X, Yao Q, Liu Z Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Effect of electroacupuncture at ST36 on the intestinal mucosal mechanical barrier and expression of occludin in a rat model of sepsis.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at ST36 on the intestinal mucosal mechanical barrier and expression of the tight junction (TJ) protein, occludin, in a rat model of sepsis. METHODS: 60 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into six groups (n=10 rats each): Control, Control+EA, CLP (caecal ligation and puncture), CLP+EA, CLP+Sham-EA, and Sham-CLP. Rats of the CLP, CLP+EA and CLP+Sham-EA groups underwent CLP modeling of sepsis; those in the Sham-CLP underwent sham surgery and those in the Control and Control+EA groups remained unoperated. Rats in the CLP+EA and Control+EA gr...
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - July 12, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Zhang Z, Shi Y, Cai D, Jin S, Zhu C, Shen Y, Feng W, Jiang R, Wang L Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Auricular acupuncture for treatment of preoperative anxiety in patients scheduled for ambulatory gynaecological surgery: a prospective controlled investigation with a non-randomised arm.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Auricular acupuncture (AA) is a promising alternative treatment for situational anxiety. The aim of this pilot investigation was to test the acceptability and feasibility of AA as a treatment for preoperative anxiety (PA) in preparation for a subsequent randomised controlled trial. METHODS: AA was offered for treatment of PA to female patients who were scheduled for ambulatory gynaecological surgery. In patients who agreed, indwelling fixed needles were applied bilaterally at the points MA-IC1, MA-TF1, MA-SC, MA-AH7 and MA-T the day before surgery. Patients who declined AA but agreed to be...
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - July 9, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Wunsch JK, Klausenitz C, Janner H, Hesse T, Mustea A, Hahnenkamp K, Petersmann A, Usichenko TI Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Warm needle acupuncture in primary osteoporosis management: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Warm needle acupuncture (WNA) is commonly used in primary osteoporosis (OP) management in China. The evidence of its effectiveness needs to be systematically reviewed. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the meta-analysis was to evaluate whether using WNA alone or combined with conventional medicine benefits primary OP. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register, Medline, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang and VIP databases were searched from their inception through30 June 2016. RCTs applying WNA independently or as an adjunct to conventional medicine, compared with conve...
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - July 9, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Luo D, Liu Y, Wu Y, Ma R, Wang L, Gu R, Fu W Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Effects of dry needling on post-stroke spasticity, motor function and stability limits: a randomised clinical trial.
as-Peñas C Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of inclusion of deep dry needling into a treatment session following the Bobath concept on spasticity, motor function and postural control after a stroke. METHODS: 26 patients who had suffered a stroke were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups: Bobath only, or Bobath plus dry needling. Both groups received a session including strengthening, stretching and reconditioning exercises following the principles of the Bobath concept. Patients in the Bobath plus dry needling group also received a single session of ultrasound-guided dry needlin...
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - July 9, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Sánchez-Mila Z, Salom-Moreno J, Fernández-de-Las-Peñas C Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Effects of electroacupuncture on bladder and bowel function in patients with transverse myelitis: a prospective observational study.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To preliminarily explore the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on bladder and bowel dysfunction in patients with transverse myelitis. METHODS: Sixteen participants were treated with EA at bilateral BL32, BL33, and BL35 once a day, five times a week for the first 4 weeks, and once every other day, three times a week for the following 4 weeks. Patients were then followed up for 6 months. Bladder and bowel function, and the safety of EA, were assessed. RESULTS: After 8 weeks of treatment, five (5/16, 31%) patients resumed normal voiding, three (6/16, 38%) regained pa...
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - June 16, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Wu J, Cheng Y, Qin Z, Liu X, Liu Z Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Effectiveness of acupuncture in postpartum depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical effectiveness of acupuncture in the treatment of postpartum depression (PPD). METHODS: The following electronic databases were systematically searched: PubMed, Cochrane Library, SCI, Elsevier SDOL, China National Knowledge, Wan Fang database and Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database. Only randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture for PPD were considered. Primary outcomes were the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD) or the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) scores and effective rate. Our secondary outcome was the level of oestrad...
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - June 15, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Li S, Zhong W, Peng W, Jiang G Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Electroacupuncture: a new approach to open the blood-brain barrier in rats recovering from middle cerebral artery occlusion.
CONCLUSIONS: EA treatment for a certain stimulation time at GV20 and GV26 in MCAO rats can increase BBB permeability. PMID: 29903719 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - June 14, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Zhang J, Lin X, Zhou H, Chen Y, Xiao S, Jiao J, Zhao Y, Di Z Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Examination of needle surface corrosion in electroacupuncture.
CONCLUSIONS: 32 needles were examined under the SEM. As the main findings, the SEM images showed the surface finish, burr attachments and surface characteristics of needle samples. No evidence of electrolytic corrosion was detected on any needle that underwent electrical stimulation for 30 min delivered by a charge-balanced acupunctoscope in healthy participants. The choice of a charge-balanced acupunctoscope is recommended to avoid any potential corrosion of needles in EA clinical practice. PMID: 29798850 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - May 24, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Zhang CS, Zhang GS, Xu S, Li B, Zhang AL, Xue CC, Xie YM Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Analgesic effects of electroacupuncture at ST25 and CV12 in a rat model of postinflammatory irritable bowel syndrome visceral pain.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Treatment with electroacupuncture (EA) at ST25 and CV12 has a significant analgesic effect on postinflammatory irritable bowel syndrome (PI-IBS) visceral pain. Enterochromaffin (EC) cells and serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)) are important in the development of visceral hyperalgesia. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the analgesic effect and underlying mechanisms of EA at ST25 and CV12 on the treatment of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced PI-IBS visceral hyperalgesia in rats. METHODS: After EA at ST25 and CV12, changes in abdominal withdrawal reflex (AWR), electromyography (E...
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - May 2, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Zhu X, Liu Z, Qin Y, Niu W, Wang Q, Li L, Zhou J Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Immediate effects of acupuncture on the mechanosensitivity of the median nerve: an exploratory randomised trial.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Acupuncture appears to reduce the mechanosensitivity of peripheral nerves in animal models; yet, this possibility has not been demonstrated in humans. OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this exploratory trial was to evaluate the immediate effects of acupuncture on the mechanosensitivity of the median nerve, measured by the elbow extension range-of-motion (EE-ROM) at pain onset and maximum tolerance during the upper limb neurodynamic test 1 (ULNT1). Additional objectives were to test the effects of two different points in ULNT1 responses and critically appraise pre-/post-intervention change...
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - May 2, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Morais N, Greten HJ, Santos MJ, Machado JP Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Effectiveness of dry needling of rectus abdominis trigger points for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhoea: a randomised parallel-group trial.
, Arias-Buría JL Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of trigger point dry needling (TrP-DN) versus placebo needling, relative to an untreated control group, on pain and quality of life in primary dysmenorrhoea. METHODS: In this randomised, single blind, parallel-group trial, 56 females with primary dysmenorrhoea were randomly allocated to TrP-DN (n=19), placebo needling (n=18) or no treatment (n=19). Patients in both groups were asked to undertake a stretching exercise of the rectus abdominis daily. The needling group received a single session of TrP-DN to trigger points (TrPs) in the rect...
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - May 2, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Gaubeca-Gilarranz A, Fernández-de-Las-Peñas C, Medina-Torres JR, Seoane-Ruiz JM, Company-Palonés A, Cleland JA, Arias-Buría JL Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Systematic review of acupuncture placebo devices with a focus on the credibility of blinding of healthy participants and/or acupuncturists.
CONCLUSION: Overall, there were insufficient data to confirm the blinding effects of these skin-contact PADs as each device was associated with limitations that warrant further design improvements. PMID: 29669794 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - April 18, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Zhang GS, Zhang CS, Tan HY, Wang Y, DaCosta C, Zhang AL, Xue CC, Xie YM Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Electroacupuncture reduces hypothalamic and medullary expression of orexins and their receptors in a rat model of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
CONCLUSIONS: The positive effect of EA on pulmonary function in COPD rats may be related to downregulation of orexins and their receptors in the medulla. PMID: 29669795 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - April 18, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Zhang XF, Qin Q, Geng WY, Jiang CW, Liu Y, Liu XL, Li J, Liu ZB Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Arterial injury at LI4.
PMID: 29581136 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - March 26, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Cummings M, Klonowska M, Ferreira SH Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome with acupuncture.
PMID: 29581137 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - March 26, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Zhang H, Li D, Li R, Huo Z, Qiao J Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Acupuncture in the emergency department: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials.
CONCLUSION: There is a lack of high-quality evidence to support the use of acupuncture in the ED. Multicentre RCTs with rigorous designs are warranted. PMID: 29581138 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - March 26, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Chia KL, Lam RPK, Lam CK, Tsui SH Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Regulation of the IL-33/ST2 pathway contributes to the anti-inflammatory effect of acupuncture in the ovalbumin-induced murine asthma model.
CONCLUSION: Acupuncture effectively protects lung function and attenuates airway inflammation in the OVA-induced mouse model of asthma, which supports the role of acupuncture as a potential therapy in asthma treatment. PMID: 29581139 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - March 26, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Dong M, Ma C, Wang WQ, Chen J, Wei Y Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Powerful effects of placebo needles.
PMID: 29567666 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - March 22, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Lee YS, Chae Y Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Dysfunctional cognition regarding sleep as a mediator of outcome following acupuncture for insomnia.
PMID: 29567667 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - March 22, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Chung KF, Yeung WF, Ho FYY, Ng TK Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Muscular diagnostics and the feasibility of microsystem acupuncture as a potential adjunct in the treatment of painful temporomandibular disorders: results of a retrospective cohort study.
Abstract AIMS: To investigate the effect of microsystem acupuncture on painful temporomandibular disorders (TMD). METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 887 treatments in 407 TMD-patients (mean age 45±1.5 years), who received microsystem acupuncture (mouth, scalp or fingers) with a focus on oral acupuncture. All patients systematically underwent palpation of specific muscular tender points and their pain rating was assessed on a four-point Likert scale (no pain to strong pain) before and after treatment. In 42 cases, the pain intensity was determined using a visual analogue scale (0-100 mm). As th...
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - March 22, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Simma I, Simma L, Fleckenstein J Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Magnitude and speed of needling during lifting and thrusting in classical tonification and sedation techniques.
PMID: 29563083 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - March 21, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Leow MQH, Cao T, Tay SC Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Acupuncture to improve fertility in Chinese patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome: what was lost?
PMID: 29559430 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - March 20, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Lee SMK, Jo J Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Findings and methodological quality of systematic reviews focusing on acupuncture for pregnancy-related acute conditions.
CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture might be an option for alleviating pain during labour, for correcting breech presentation, and for managing pelvic and back pain during pregnancy. More studies are needed to confirm the effects of acupuncture for other pregnancy-related acute conditions. PMID: 29559431 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - March 20, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Bergamo TR, Latorraca COC, Pachito DV, Martimbianco ALC, Riera R Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Effect of acupuncture on the TLR2/4-NF- κB signalling pathway in a rat model of traumatic brain injury.
Effect of acupuncture on the TLR2/4-NF-κB signalling pathway in a rat model of traumatic brain injury. Acupunct Med. 2018 Mar 17;: Authors: Lin SJ, Cao LX, Cheng SB, Dai QF, Lin JH, Pu L, Chen WH, Zhang YJ, Chen SL, Zhang YM Abstract OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of acupuncture on the TLR2/4-NF-κB signalling pathway in the cortex of Sprague-Dawley rats following traumatic brain injury (TBI), and investigate the possible mechanism underlying the effects of acupuncture on scar repair. METHODS: TBI was established using Feeney's free-falling epidural percussion model. In total, 108 rats...
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - March 17, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Lin SJ, Cao LX, Cheng SB, Dai QF, Lin JH, Pu L, Chen WH, Zhang YJ, Chen SL, Zhang YM Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Acupuncture at BL67 for mild postpartum depression: a prospective case series.
CONCLUSION: Acupuncture therapy at BL67 may alleviate symptoms of mild PPD, however controlled clinical investigations are required to confirm its efficacy and effectiveness for this condition. PMID: 29540339 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - March 14, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tian CB Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Treating people with arthritis with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM): an examination of the perception of TCM practitioners.
CONCLUSIONS: The TCM profession represents a substantial component of the healthcare field in Australia, and treating patients with arthritis appears to be an important area of TCM practice, among others. Further detailed research is needed to help ensure effective, safe patient care for those with arthritis who may be utilising TCM alongside a broader range of conventional medicine, allied health, and other CAM treatments. PMID: 29519859 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - March 8, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Yang L, Peng W, Adams J, Sibbritt DW Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Effects of electroacupuncture combined with stem cell transplantation on anal sphincter injury-induced faecal incontinence in a rat model.
This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects of combined electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation and BMSC injection in a rat model of anal sphincter injury-induced faecal incontinence (FI). METHODS: 60 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups: sham-operated control, FI, FI+EA, FI+BMSC, and FI+BMSC+EA. The anorectal tissues were collected on days 1, 3, 7 and 14. Repair of the injured anal sphincter was compared using haematoxylin and eosin (HE) and immunocytochemiscal analyses with sarcomeric α actinin. The expression of stromal cell derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and monocyte chemoattractant p...
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - March 8, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Li X, Guo X, Jin W, Lu J Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Electroacupuncture mitigates endothelial dysfunction via effects on the PI3K/Akt signalling pathway in high fat diet-induced insulin-resistant rats.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on endothelial dysfunction related to high fat diet (HFD)-induced insulin resistance through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-protein kinase B (Akt) signalling pathway. METHODS: Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a regular diet (Control group, n=8) or a HFD (n=16) for 12 weeks to induce an insulin resistance model. HFD-fed rats were divided into two groups that remained untreated (HFD group, n=8) or received electroacupuncture (HFD+EA group, n=8). EA was applied at PC6, ST36, SP6 and BL23. At the end of the expe...
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - March 3, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Lan D, Xu N, Sun J, Li Z, Liao R, Zhang H, Liang X, Yi W Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Acupuncture for lumbar disc herniation: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate evidence for the effectiveness of acupuncture in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH). METHODS: Electronic databases were searched to identify randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture for LDH. A meta-analysis was conducted using RevMan 5.3 and the evidence level was assessed using GRADE methodology. RESULTS: Thirty RCTs involving 3503 participants were included in the study. Meta-analysis showed that acupuncture had a higher total effective rate than lumbar traction (RR=1.1, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.15; p
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - March 1, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tang S, Mo Z, Zhang R Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Anti-inflammatory and autonomic effects of electroacupuncture in a rat model of diet-induced obesity.
CONCLUSIONS: EA enhanced vagal activity, promoted ACh release and activated α7nAChRs in the MWAT, leading to inhibition of proinflammatory cytokine production. PMID: 29487062 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - February 27, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Jie X, Li X, Song JQ, Wang D, Wang JH Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Retraction: Effect of acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine on subacute stroke outcomes: a single center randomized controlled trial.
Authors: PMID: 29453270 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - February 16, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Immediate effect of scalp acupuncture on the gait of patients with subacute intracerebral haemorrhage analysed by three-dimensional motion: secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the immediate effect of scalp acupuncture on walking pattern, using three-dimensional gait analysis (3D-GA), among patients in the subacute stage of intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: A subset of 30 patients with subacute ICH participating in a recently published randomised controlled trial who were able to walk independently were assessed by 3D-GA before and immediately after scalp acupuncture treatment (treatment group) or no intervention (control group) and the results presented here as a secondary analysis. The acupuncture manipulation was repeated three times wit...
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - February 12, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Wang HQ, Dong GR, Bao CL, Jiao ZH Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Acupuncture versus medication for pain management: a cross-sectional study of breast cancer survivors.
CONCLUSION: We found similar rates of preference for acupuncture versus medication among breast cancer survivors for pain management. Specific attitudes and beliefs predicted such preferences, highlighting the importance of a patient-centred approach to align patient beliefs and preferences with therapeutic options for more effective pain management. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01013337; Results. PMID: 29440043 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - February 10, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Bao T, Li SQ, Dearing JL, Piulson LA, Seluzicki CM, Sidlow R, Mao JJ Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Acupuncture and in vitro fertilisation research: current and future directions.
CONCLUSION: Two to three acupuncture sessions performed on or around the day of embryo transfer are insufficient interventions to improve IVF birth outcomes but provide significant IVF-related stress reduction. Research investigating acupuncture to support IVF is heterogeneous and confounded by the lack of an appropriate comparator. However, evidence suggests several acupuncture sessions improve endometrial thickness, reduce stress, and improve patient satisfaction. Observational studies suggest more sessions are associated with increases in clinical pregnancy and live birth rates. An optimised acupuncture intervention wit...
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - February 10, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Hullender Rubin LE, Anderson BJ, Craig LB Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Impact of acupuncture on antihistamine use in patients suffering seasonal allergic rhinitis: secondary analysis of results from a randomised controlled trial.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) is a common disease that has detrimental effects on the quality of life (QoL) of affected individuals. Approximately 18% of patients try to alleviate their symptoms through acupuncture. The ACUSAR (ACUpuncture in Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis) study (ClinicalTrials.gov registration no. NCT00610584) assessed the impact of acupuncture on SAR, showing significant improvements in rhinitis-specific QoL (RQoL) and in rescue medication (RM) use. OBJECTIVE: A secondary analysis of SAR patients' use of antihistamine. METHODS: Patients were randomised into three s...
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - February 10, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Adam D, Grabenhenrich L, Ortiz M, Binting S, Reinhold T, Brinkhaus B Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Acupuncture relieves motion sickness via the IR β-ERK1/2-dependent insulin receptor signalling pathway.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that acupuncture significantly alleviates MS through the IRβ-ERK1/2-dependent insulin receptor signalling pathway in the DMV. PMID: 29436382 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - February 7, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tian D, Mo F, Cai X, Miao Z, Xiao F, Chang Y, Wu L, Tang Y, Wang X, Ye C, Qian X, Gu W, Li M Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Effect of long-term electroacupuncture stimulation on recovery of sensorimotor function after peripheral nerve anastomosis.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Recently, application of electroacupuncture (EA) to stimulate nerve regeneration has become a mainstream treatment in clinical rehabilitation and related basic research, but the efficacy of long-term stimulation has not been confirmed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of long term EA on peripheral nerve injury (PNI) from multiple angles. METHOD: Twenty-four rats were divided into three groups: control, PNI and PNI+EA. In the latter two groups, PNI was modelled by transection followed by re-anastomosis of thesciatic nerve. In the PNI+EA group only,EA was delivered using a disconti...
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - February 7, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Zhang M, Zhang Y, Bian Y, Fu H, Xu Y, Guo Y Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Role of ASIC3, Nav1.7 and Nav1.8 in electroacupuncture-induced analgesia in a mouse model of fibromyalgia pain.
CONCLUSION: Reduced nociceptive ASIC3, Nav1.7 and Nav1.8 proteins are involved in the preventive effects of EA against FM, and this series of molecules may represent targets for FM treatment. PMID: 29343477 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - January 17, 2018 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Yen LT, Hsu YC, Lin JG, Hsieh CL, Lin YW Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Intersubject synchronisation analysis of brain activity associated with the instant effects of acupuncture: an fMRI study.
CONCLUSION: The ISS analysis considered the sustained effect of acupuncture and uncovered additional information not shown by GLM analysis. We suggest that ISS may be a suitable approach to investigate the brain responses associated with the instant effects of acupuncture. PMID: 29259022 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - December 19, 2017 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Jin L, Sun J, Xu Z, Yang X, Liu P, Qin W Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Acupuncture with or without combined auricular acupuncture for insomnia: a randomised, waitlist-controlled trial.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Few high-quality, large-scale, controlled trials comparing the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture,auricular acupuncture and combined acupuncture treatment for insomnia are available. OBJECTIVE: To carry out a randomised, assessor-blinded, waitlist-controlled trial to test the superiority of combination treatment. METHODS: After in-person and polysomnography screening, 224 subjects (mean age 53.4 years; 75.4% female) with DSM-5 insomnia disorder, who were free from major psychiatric disorders and with sleep-diary-derived sleep efficiency averaged over 1 week of
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - December 11, 2017 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Chung KF, Yeung WF, Yu BY, Leung FC, Zhang SP, Zhang ZJ, Ng RM, Yiu GC Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Potential role for acupuncture in the treatment of food addiction and obesity.
Abstract Addressing the global obesity epidemic requires innovative approaches that are also acceptable to affected individuals. There is growing evidence suggesting that food addiction, one contributor to obesity, bears many similarities to drug and alcohol addiction, presenting a potential role for addiction-focused acupuncture as a novel treatment modality. In this perspective article, we begin by briefly reviewing the evidence linking food and drug/alcohol addiction. We then describe the development of an acupuncture-based protocol for treating opioid addiction in Hong Kong in the 1970s and discuss the evidenc...
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - December 9, 2017 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Chen JA, Chen JA, Lee S, Mullin G Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Type and frequency of side effects during PC6 acupuncture: observations from therapists and patients participating in clinical efficacy trials of acupuncture.
CONCLUSIONS: Few side effects occurred and those that did were mild. Nearly 90% found PC6 acupuncture to be not painful or only mildly painful. Healthcare professionals may consider the observed levels of side effects when informing patients about side effects of PC6 acupuncture. PMID: 29222203 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society)
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - December 1, 2017 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Enblom A, Johnsson A Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research

Efficacy and safety of acupuncture combined with Madopar for Parkinson's disease: a systematic review with meta-analysis.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture combined with Madopar for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD), compared to the use of Madopar alone. METHODS: A systematic search was carried out for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture and Madopar for the treatment of PD published between April 1995 and April 2015. The primary outcome was total effectiveness rates and secondary outcomes included Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) scores. Data were pooled and analysed with RevMan 5.3. Results were expressed as relative ratio (RR) or with 95% confiden...
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - November 27, 2017 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Liu H, Chen L, Zhang Z, Geng G, Chen W, Dong H, Chen L, Zhan S, Li T Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research