The pediatric resuscitative thoracotomy during combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan - a retrospective cohort study - Schauer SG, Hill GJ, Connor RE, Oh JS, April MD.
BACKGROUND: Combat zone trauma poses a unique set of challenges and injury patterns not seen in the civilian setting. The role of the pediatric resuscitative thoracotomy in combat zones remains unclear given a paucity of data regarding procedure outcomes i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

UNICEF helping to restore health services for children and families returning to war-torn Mosul
Warning about the “ alarming ” state of Iraq ’ s healthcare system, especially in war-ravaged areas in and around Mosul, the United Nations children ’ s agency has stepped up its support to help the Government provide critical medical services so that children and families affected by violence and displacement can resume their lives. (Source: UN News Centre - Women, Children, Population)
Source: UN News Centre - Women, Children, Population - February 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

UNICEF appeals for $17 million to rebuild Iraq health facilities
BAGHDAD (Reuters) - The United Nations Children's Fund UNICEF appealed on Wednesday for $17 million to help rebuild Iraq's health facilities, ahead of an international conference to support the country's reconstruction due to convene next week in Kuwait. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - February 7, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

How archaeologists discovered an ancient Assyrian city – and lost it again
Turkey ’s Ilisu dam will flood hundreds of ancient sites, including the city of Tušhan, but there is now a rich record of what will be lostIt ’s a sad fact of archaeological life that we can often only find things when they’re about to be lost forever, but such is the unhappy marriage between rescue archaeology and infrastructure development. Construction of theIlisu dam, on the river Tigris in southeast Turkey, is now complete and the flooding of 300km2 of land behind it may begin as early as this spring. The dam will provide water security and electricity to the local region, as well as further r...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - February 7, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Mary Shepperson Tags: Science Archaeology Turkey Source Type: news

Development of the CAVEMAN human body model: validation of lower extremity sub-injurious response to vertical accelerative loading - Butz K, Spurlock C, Roy R, Bell C, Barrett P, Ward A, Xiao X, Shirley A, Welch C, Lister K.
Improving injury prediction accuracy and fidelity for mounted Warfighters has become an area of focus for the U.S. military in response to improvised explosive device (IED) use in both Iraq and Afghanistan. Although the Hybrid III anthropomorphic test devi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Impact & blast traumatic brain injury: implications for therapy - Yamamoto S, Dewitt DS, Prough DS.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the most frequent causes of combat casualties in Operations Iraqi Freedom (OIF), Enduring Freedom (OEF), and New Dawn (OND). Although less common than combat-related blast exposure, there have been significant numbers... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Clinical virtual reality tools to advance the prevention, assessment, and treatment of PTSD - Rizzo A', Shilling R.
Numerous reports indicate that the incidence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation New Dawn (OEF/OIF/OND) military personnel has created a significant behavioural healthcare challenge. These... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Fuji SonoSite donates POC ultrasound to Iraqi hospital
Ultrasound developer Fujifilm SonoSite has donated a point-of-care (POC) ultrasound...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Fuji SonoSite reaches sales milestone Fuji SonoSite launches new systems at RSNA 2017 Point-of-care ultrasound shows its merit Fuji SonoSite supports Moroccan mountain bike race Fuji SonoSite debuts new point-of-care US system (Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines)
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - February 2, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: news

Iraq ’s Toxic Conflict
By Will HigginbothamUNITED NATIONS, Feb 2 2018 (IPS)In Iraq, thirty years of armed conflict has killed hundreds of thousands of people, wounded countless more, displaced millions and laid cities and towns to waste. Amongst all of this death and destruction, there is an often-overlooked victim whose harm has far reaching consequences: The environment.Whilst Iraq’s environment has suffered from degradation due to conflict for decades, in recent years it has been exacerbated due to the so-called Islamic State (ISIS).“Wherever ISIS has been there has been huge environmental destruction and with that have come poten...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - February 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Will Higginbotham Tags: Armed Conflicts Crime & Justice Environment Featured Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies Migration & Refugees Women's Health Source Type: news

Mental Health Needs of Recent Veterans Largely Go Unmet Mental Health Needs of Recent Veterans Largely Go Unmet
About 41% of the 4 million veterans of wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have a potential need for mental health services, including simply undergoing further evaluation, a new report says.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - February 1, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

Veterans aren't always getting mental care they urgently need, report finds
Thomas Burke Jr., a Marine who returned from tours in Afghanistan and Iraq to attend Yale Divinity School, has also done three tours in the Veterans Health Administration for mental health care and says he's experienced mixed results. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - February 1, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

VA Provides Mental Health Care to Veterans of Recent Iraq and Afghanistan Wars of Comparable or Superior Quality to Other Providers, Yet Substantial Unmet Need Remains
While the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) provides mental health care of comparable or superior quality to care provided in private and non-VA public sectors, accessibility and quality of services vary across the VA health system, leaving a substantial unmet need for mental health services among veterans of the recent wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, says a new congressionally mandated report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. A survey of these veterans developed and fielded by the committee that conducted the study found that approximately half of those who may have a need for mental...
Source: News from the National Academies - January 31, 2018 Category: Science Source Type: news

VA Health System Failing on Mental Health Care: Report
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 31, 2018 -- Many U.S. veterans of the Afghanistan and Iraq wars aren't getting needed mental health treatment for conditions such as post-traumatic stress disorder, depression or substance abuse, a national panel of experts... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - January 31, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

VA Provides Mental Health Care to Veterans of Recent Iraq and Afghanistan Wars of Comparable or Superior Quality to Other Providers, Yet Substantial Unmet Need Remains
While the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) provides mental health care of comparable or superior quality to care provided in private and non-VA public sectors, accessibility and quality of services vary across the VA health system, leaving a substantial unmet need for mental health services among veterans of the recent wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, says a new congressionally mandated report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (Source: News from the National Academies)
Source: News from the National Academies - January 31, 2018 Category: Science Source Type: news

New report evaluates the VA's mental health services, finds substantial unmet need
(National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine) While the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) provides mental health care of comparable or superior quality to care provided in private and non-VA public sectors, accessibility and quality of services vary across the VA health system, leaving a substantial unmet need for mental health services among veterans of the recent wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, says a new congressionally mandated report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 31, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Patterns of zolpidem use among Iraq and Afghanistan veterans: a retrospective cohort analysis - Shayegani R, Song K, Amuan ME, Jaramillo CA, Eapen BC, Pugh MJ.
BACKGROUND: Although concern exists regarding the adverse effects and rate of zolpidem use, especially long-term use, limited information is available concerning patterns of zolpidem use. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and correlates of zolpi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Strava Fitness App Can Reveal Military Sites, Analysts Say
A global map published by the company shows users ’ movements and is said to expose data about bases and personnel, including those of U.S. forces in Iraq and Syria. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - January 29, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: RICHARD P É REZ-PE Ñ A and MATTHEW ROSENBERG Tags: Defense and Military Forces Social Media Defense Department Strava Mobile Applications Privacy Source Type: news

Drivers of intimate partner violence against women in three refugee camps - Wachter K, Horn R, Friis E, Falb K, Ward L, Apio C, Wanjiku S, Puffer E.
This qualitative study examined the "drivers" of intimate partner violence (IPV) against women in displacement to identify protective factors and patterns of risk. Qualitative data were collected in three refugee camps in South Sudan, Kenya, and Iraq ( N =... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

New clinic brings reproductive health care to Syria ’s underserved Al-Tabqa
AL-TABQA CITY, Syria– A new reproductive health clinic has been opened in the embattled northern Syrian city of Al-Tabqa, which has been the site of intense fighting over the past five years.The second largest city in Raqqa Governorate, Al-Tabqa was retaken from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS or Da ’esh) seven months ago, and is now rapidly filling with displaced families. (Source: UNFPA News)
Source: UNFPA News - January 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: zerzan Source Type: news

Intimate partner violence among female OEF/OIF/OND veterans who were evaluated for traumatic brain injury in the Veterans Health Administration: a preliminary investigation - Iverson KM, Sayer NA, Meterko M, Stolzmann K, Suri P, Gormley K, Nealon Seibert M, Yan K, Pogoda TK.
Many female veterans have deployed to Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), and Operation New Dawn (OND), and some experience traumatic brain injury (TBI). Although TBI is increasingly recognized as an important health issue for ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Iraq: Creating a Safe Place for Syrian Mothers to Give Birth
The maternity clinic built by MSF in Domiz refugee camp has  helped deliver more than 3,400 babies over the past four years. Language English (Source: MSF News)
Source: MSF News - January 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kavita Menon Source Type: news

A cry for help and protest: self-immolation in young Kurdish Iraqi women -a qualitative study - Amin PM, Mirlashari J, Nikbakht Nasrabadi A.
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major psychiatric emergency that has always been a topic of great interest to researchers. Self-immolation is a heinous suicide method that is common in Eastern societies. The present study was conducted to explore probable issues ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Wastewater Treatment Plants in Rapid Mass Displacement Situations
Governance and Social Development Resource Centre. 11/07/2017 This 15-page rapid review report has identified the wastewater treatment plant options used in emergency settings, with decentralized wastewater treatment systems and mobile wastewater treatment units performing most effectively and with minimal costs. Examples are taken from refugee camps and internally displaced people settlements due to the Iraq war, the Israeli-Palestine conflict, and the civil wars in Syria and Sudan. (PDF) (Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - January 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: The U.S. National Library of Medicine Source Type: news

Iraq: Creating a Safe Place for Syrian Mothers to Give Birth
January 22, 2018The maternity clinic built by Doctors Without Borders/M édecins Sans Frontières (MSF) in Domiz refugee camp in northern Iraq has helped Syrian women to safely deliver their babies and access care before and after they give birth. Over the past four years, MSF staff at the clinic have delivered more than 3,400 babies and provided more than 27,400 gyneco logical consultations. (Source: MSF News)
Source: MSF News - January 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kavita Menon Source Type: news

The effect of prehospital transport time, injury severity, and blood transfusion on survival of US military casualties in Iraq - Kotwal RS, Scott LLF, Janak JC, Tarpey BW, Howard JT, Mazuchowski EL, Butler FK, Shackelford SA, Gurney JM, Stockinger ZT.
BACKGROUND: Reducing time from injury to care can optimize trauma patient outcomes. A previous study of prehospital transport of US military casualties during the Afghanistan conflict demonstrated the importance of time and treatment capability for combat ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Posttraumatic stress disorder and related disorders among female yazidi refugees following Islamic State of Iraq and Syria attacks-a case series and mini-review - Gerdau I, Kizilhan JI, Noll-Hussong M.
Following the severe attacks by the so-called "Islamic State of Iraq and Syria" on the Yazidi population, which started in summer 2014, the state government of Baden-W ürttemberg, Germany, funded a Special-Quota Project to bring 1,000 very ill or left-behi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Joe Biden links military burn pits to Beau Biden's cancer
Beau Biden, who was 46 when he died in 2015, served in Iraq at two locations which commonly burned waste in open pits, using jet fuel to speed up the process. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - January 11, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Iraq: Supporting Sulaymaniyah Emergency Hospital
Voice from the FieldIraq: Supporting Sulaymaniyah Emergency HospitalJanuary 11, 2018Doctors Without Borders/M édecins Sans Frontières (MSF) began working in Sulaymaniyah, northernIraq, after a massive influx of people displaced by violence elsewhere in the country arrived in the area in 2015. Initially, MSF teams provided water and sanitation services in the Arbat camp for displaced people, and later expanded the project to provide mental health services in Ashti camp and rehabilitation and staff support for the Sulaymaniyah emergency hospital. The project closed on November 30, 2017. (Source: MSF News)
Source: MSF News - January 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Elias Primoff Source Type: news

Iraq: Voices from Sulaymaniyah
Voice from the FieldIraq: Voices from SulaymaniyahJanuary 11, 2018Doctors Without Borders/M édecins Sans Frontières (MSF) began working in Sulaymaniyah, northernIraq, after a massive influx of people displaced by violence elsewhere in the country arrived in the area in 2015. Initially, MSF teams provided water and sanitation services in the Arbat camp for displaced people, and later expanded the project to provide mental health services in Ashti camp and rehabilitation and staff support for the Sulaymaniyah emergency hospital. The project closed on November 30, 2017. (Source: MSF News)
Source: MSF News - January 11, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Elias Primoff Source Type: news

Preventing sexual abuse and exploitation in Iraq
ERBIL, Iraq –“As humanitarians, we have a collective responsibility to prevent and safely respond to sexual abuse and exploitation in Iraq,” said Jennifer Emond, a UNFPA specialist on the subject, during a training programme in Iraq. (Source: UNFPA News)
Source: UNFPA News - January 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: zerzan Source Type: news

The Iraqi national study of suicide: report on suicide data in Iraq in 2015 and 2016 - Abbas MJ, Alhemiary N, Razaq EA, Naosh S, Appleby L.
BACKGROUND: Very little is known regarding the epidemiology of suicides in Iraq, given the lack of a national surveillance system. Therefore, the government initiated this project "The Iraqi National Study of Suicide METHODS: The study covered 13 (out of 1... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Emergency department imaging of pediatric trauma patients during combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan - Naylor JF, April MD, Roper JL, Hill GJ, Clark P, Schauer SG.
BACKGROUND: Military hospitals in Iraq and Afghanistan treated children with traumatic injuries during the recent conflicts. Diagnostic imaging is an integral component of trauma management; however, few published data exist on its use in the wartime pedia... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Iraq reports outbreak of highly pathogenic H5N8 bird flu: OIE
PARIS (Reuters) - Iraq has reported an outbreak of highly pathogenic H5N8 bird flu in Diyala in the center of the country, the Paris-based World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) said on Monday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - January 8, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Surviving families of military suicide loss: exploring postvention peer support - Harrington-LaMorie J, Jordan JR, Ruocco K, Cerel J.
The United States military began to experience a steady increase in suicide rates across all service branches at the inception of the wars in Afghanistan (2001) and Iraq (2003). As the number of suicide deaths increased, so did the number of affected survi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Retrospective and prospective memory among OEF/OIF/OND veterans with a self-reported history of blast-related mTBI - Pagulayan KF, Rau H, Madathil R, Werhane M, Millard SP, Petrie EC, Parmenter B, Peterson S, Sorg S, Hendrickson R, Mayer C, Meabon JS, Huber BR, Raskind M, Cook DG, Peskind ER.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate prospective and retrospective memory abilities in Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), and Operation New Dawn (OND) Veterans with and without a self-reported history of blast-related mild traumatic brain ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

A retrospective study of predictors of return to duty vs medical retirement in an active duty military population with blast-related mild traumatic brain injury - Cook PA, Johnson TM, Martin SG, Gerhman PR, Bhatnagar S, Gee JC.
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), has been described as the "signature injury" of the Global War on Terror. Explosive blast TBI has become a leading cause of injury as a result of the widespread use of improvised explosive devices in Iraq and Afghanistan. We p... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 21, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Enduring domestic violence in Iraq: One woman ’s story
ERBIL, Iraq –“I was so desperate, I had lost hope. Committing suicide seemed the only escape from the abuse, back then,” Fatima* said in an interview earlier this month. “I didn’t know how to handle the pain.”A mother of eight, Fatima has been married for about two decades. “For the first nine years of marriage, my husband was kind and loving,” she told UNFPA. “We used to go out, laugh together and do activities as a couple. However, our life turned upside down after we had a falling-out with his brother.” (Source: UNFPA News)
Source: UNFPA News - December 15, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: zerzan Source Type: news

Disease and non-battle traumatic injuries evaluated by emergency physicians in a U.S. tertiary combat hospital - Bebarta CSVS, Mora AG, Ng CPC, Mason PE, Muck A, Maddry MJK.
This study aims to f... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 15, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Association of prehospital intubation with decreased survival among pediatric trauma patients in Iraq and Afghanistan - Schauer SG, Naylor JF, Hill GJ, Arana AA, Roper JL, April MD.
INTRODUCTION: Airway compromise is the second leading cause of preventable death on the battlefield among US military casualties. Airway management is an important component of pediatric trauma care. Yet, intubation is a challenging skill with which many p... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 14, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Weapons of mass participation: social media, violence entrepreneurs, and the politics of crowdfunding for war -
This article focuses on two aspects of this phenomenon. First, I arg... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 14, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Changing views on child mortality and economic sanctions in Iraq: a history of lies, damned lies and statistics - Dyson T, Cetorelli V.
In August 1990, Saddam Hussein's army invaded Kuwait and consequently the United Nations imposed economic sanctions on Iraq. In 1991, an international military alliance expelled the Iraqi army from Kuwait during a short war. Nevertheless, the economic sanc... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 13, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Longitudinal associations among posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, traumatic brain injury, and neurocognitive functioning in army soldiers deployed to the Iraq War - Vasterling JJ, Aslan M, Lee LO, Proctor SP, Ko J, Jacob S, Concato J.
OBJECTIVES: Military deployment is associated with increased risk of adverse emotional and cognitive outcomes. Longitudinal associations involving posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), relatively mild traumatic brain injury (TBI), and neurocognitive compro... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 8, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Rohingya Exodus Is a “Major Global Humanitarian Emergency”
IOM Director General William Lacy Swing (right) visits Rohingya refugee camps in Bangladesh. Photo courtesy of IOMBy Naimul HaqDHAKA, Bangladesh, Dec 5 2017 (IPS)In less than four months, over 600,000 Rohingya refugees have fled brutal persecution in Myanmar to seek safety across the border in Bangladesh. They are now crowded into camps across a stretch of 30 kms in Cox’s Bazar, a southeastern coastal region of the small South Asian nation.The UN migration agency, International Organisation for Migration (IOM), has appealed to the international community for urgent funds. Over 344 million dollars was pledged recently...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - December 6, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Naimul Haq Tags: Aid Asia-Pacific Development & Aid Featured Gender Violence Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Migration & Refugees Poverty & SDGs Projects Bangladesh humanitarian relief Inte Source Type: news