What alcohol does to the heart: Images show the difference between a healthy organ and a drinker's
Researchers from  Imperial College London found that out of 141 alcoholic cardiomyopathy patients, 13.5 per cent carry a mutation in the gene that is critical to maintaining heart muscle flexibility. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

The majority of premature babies get antibiotics
Nearly 80 percent of low birth weight babies are given antibiotics, whether or not they have infections the drugs treat, raising their resistance risks, a Children's Hospital of Philadelphia study found. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Esc 2018 esc 2018
Read clinically focused news coverage of key developments from ESC 2018theheart.org on Medscape (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Conference Coverage Source Type: news

A Less Invasive Alternative for GERD
Treatment TermsEsophagus disorders Overview When antacids no longer alleviate the burning, belching symptoms of GERD, an acid reflux procedure performed through the mouth can provide much-needed relief. Duke Health ’s Jacob Klapper, MD, and Matthew Hartwig, MD, are among the few esophageal surgeons offering this procedure in North Carolina. “We’re constantly looking for newer, less invasive options to give people freedom from chronic reflux and from taking antacid medications,” Dr. Klapper said. Content Blocks CTA ButtonAcid Reflux Treatment Options CTA Header Learn More Hero Imagegerd_1932x8...
Source: dukehealth.org: Duke Health News - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: dg62 at duke.edu Source Type: news

Eating nuts can lower the risk of irregular heartbeat, a major cause of stroke, a new study finds
Research has found that eating nuts at least three times a week was associated with an 18% reduced risk of atrial fibrillation, a heart condition that's a major cause of stroke. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Anticholinergic medication for antipsychotic-induced tardive dyskinesia.
Antipsychotic (neuroleptic) medication is used extensively to treat people with serious mental illnesses. However, it is associated with a wide range of adverse effects, including movement disorders. Because of this, many people treated with antipsychotic medication also receive anticholinergic drugs in order to reduce some of the associated movement side-effects. However, there is also a suggestion from animal experiments that the chronic administration of anticholinergics could cause tardive dyskinesia. To determine whether the use or the withdrawal of anticholinergic drugs (benzhexol, benztropine, biperiden, orphenadr...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

A systematic review of network meta-analyses for pharmacological treatment of common mental disorders
Question Network meta-analyses (NMAs) of treatment efficacy across different pharmacological treatments help inform clinical decision-making, but their methodological quality may vary a lot depending also on the quality of the included primary studies. We therefore conducted a systematic review of NMAs of pharmacological treatment for common mental disorders in order to assess the methodological quality of these NMAs, and to relate study characteristics to the rankings of efficacy and tolerability. Study selection and analysis We searched three databases for NMAs of pharmacological treatment used in major depression, ...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Benzodiazepines for psychosis-induced aggression or agitation
Acute psychotic illness, especially when associated with agitated or violent behaviour, can require urgent pharmacological tranquillisation or sedation. In several countries, clinicians often use benzodiazepines (either alone or in combination with antipsychotics) for this outcome. To examine whether benzodiazepines, alone or in combination with other pharmacological agents, is an effective treatment for psychosis-induced aggression or agitation when compared with placebo, other pharmacological agents (alone or in combination) or non-pharmacological approaches. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Receptor antibodies are found in a small subgroup of patients with first-episode psychosis, but their clinical relevance is unknown
Antineuronal antibody-mediated encephalitis frequently presents with prominent psychiatric features. It has been hypothesised that antineuronal antibodies may play a pathophysiological role in subgroups of patients with psychotic disorders. Whereas a few large studies find a similar prevalence of antineuronal antibodies in patients with psychotic disorders, other psychiatric disorders and healthy controls,1 2 there is some evidence of an increased prevalence of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) antibodies in patients with first-episode psychosis.3 4 In their present study, the authors aimed to (1) investigate the preva...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Interventions for obtaining and maintaining employment in adults with severe mental illness, a network meta-analysis
People with severe mental illness show high rates of unemployment and work disability, however, they often have a desire to participate in employment. People with severe mental illness used to be placed in sheltered employment or were enrolled in prevocational training to facilitate transition to a competitive job. Now, there are also interventions focusing on rapid search for a competitive job, with ongoing support to keep the job, known as supported employment. Recently, there has been a growing interest in combining supported employment with other prevocational or psychiatric interventions. To assess the comparative e...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Yoga versus non-standard care for schizophrenia.
Yoga is an ancient spiritual practice that originated in India and is currently accepted in the Western world as a form of relaxation and exercise. It has been of interest for people with schizophrenia as an alternative or adjunctive treatment. To systematically assess the effects of yoga versus non-standard care for people with schizophrenia. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Amisulpride augmentation in clozapine-unresponsive schizophrenia (AMICUS): a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised trial of clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness
When treatment-refractory schizophrenia shows an insufficient response to a trial of clozapine, clinicians commonly add a second antipsychotic, despite the lack of robust evidence to justify this practice. The main objectives of the study were to establish the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of augmentation of clozapine medication with a second antipsychotic, amisulpride, for the management of treatment-resistant schizophrenia. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Chlorpromazine versus penfluridol for schizophrenia.
The efficacy of chlorpromazine, a benchmark antipsychotic, has not been fully assessed in direct comparison with different individual antipsychotics. Penfluridol is another old antipsychotic with a long half-life so one oral dose may last up to one week. This could confer advantage. To assess the clinical effects of chlorpromazine compared with penfluridol for adults with schizophrenia. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Different communication strategies for disclosing a diagnosis of schizophrenia and related disorders
Delivering the diagnosis of a serious illness is an important skill in most fields of medicine, including mental health. Research has found that communication skills can impact on a person's recall and understanding of the diagnosis, treatment options and prognosis. People may feel confused and perplexed when information about their illness is not communicated properly. Sharing information about diagnosis of a serious mental illness is particularly challenging. The nature of mental illness is often difficult to explain since there may be no clear aetiology, and the treatment options and prognosis may vary enormously. In ad...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

L-methylfolate cannot yet be recommended as an add-on treatment in schizophrenia.
Accumulating evidence indicates that one-carbon metabolism dysregulation, manifesting in low folate levels and elevated homocysteine levels, frequently occurs in patients with schizophrenia.1 Additionally, it has been found that these metabolic alterations are associated with a higher severity of negative symptoms.2 Previous studies investigating the efficacy of supplementation strategies have found small but significant improvement of negative symptoms that might be influenced by folate-related gene polymorphisms.3 –5 (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Tobacco cessation interventions for young people.
Most tobacco control programmes for adolescents are based around prevention of uptake, but teenage smoking is still common. It is unclear if interventions that are effective for adults can also help adolescents to quit. This is the update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2006. To evaluate the effectiveness of strategies that help young people to stop smoking tobacco. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

A qualitative study of a blended therapy using problem solving therapy with a customised smartphone app in men who present to hospital with intentional self-harm.
Blended therapy is the integration of internet-based treatment and psychotherapy in the treatment of psychiatric disorders. It has been described as'any possible combination of regular face-to-face treatments and web-based interventions'.1 Several systematic reviews have examined the partial replacement of face-to-face therapy with web-based technologies.2 –4 Yet there have been few descriptions of instances where internet-based therapies supplement or augment face-to-face therapy to create a new treatment rather than simply replacing face-to-face treatment with variable degrees of inperson support. This approach to ...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Engaging families in the management of adolescent self-harm.
Adolescent self-harm is an emerging public health challenge. It is associated with later psychiatric and substance use disorders, unemployment and suicide. Family interventions have been effective in a range of adolescent mental health problems and for that reason were reviewed for their effectiveness in the management of adolescent self-harm. The search identified 10 randomised and 2 non-randomised controlled trial conducted in the high-income countries. For the most part the evidence is of low quality. The interventions were classified as brief single session, intermediate-level and intensive family interventions dependi...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Benzodiazepines for antipsychotic-induced tardive dyskinesia
Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a disfiguring movement disorder, often of the orofacial region, frequently caused by using antipsychotic drugs. A wide range of strategies have been used to help manage TD, and for those who are unable to have their antipsychotic medication stopped or substantially changed, the benzodiazepine group of drugs have been suggested as a useful adjunctive treatment. However, benzodiazepines are very addictive. To determine the effects of benzodiazepines for antipsychotic-induced tardive dyskinesia in people with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or other chronic mental illnesses. (Source: Curr...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Liver cancer symptoms: Eight signs that could indicate you have the disease
LIVER cancer symptoms often don't appear until the disease has advanced. They are also commonly associated with less serious health conditions, but nonetheless it is important to get them checked out. There are eight signs you should watch for. (Source: Daily Express - Health)
Source: Daily Express - Health - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

' Too Clean' Could Be a Trigger for Childhood Acute Leukemia'Too Clean' Could Be a Trigger for Childhood Acute Leukemia
A lack of microbial exposure among children in industrialized countries may contribute to the development of childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, say researchers.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Hematology-Oncology News Source Type: news

Medical News Today: How can you boost your energy levels?
Do you often feel sluggish and would like to give your energy levels a boost? Read this Spotlight for research-backed suggestions on how to achieve this. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Nutrition / Diet Source Type: news

Medical News Today: Letter from the Editor: Onward and upward
In this month's letter, Managing Editor Honor Whiteman reveals what articles piqued your interest in May. And, of course, there is mention of a certain wedding. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychology / Psychiatry Source Type: news

Pair of toddlers with Down's syndrome become best friends
Clara and Cutler, both two,  from Grand Forks, North Dakota, have been inseparable since Clara's mother Lana Beaton, 39, and Cutler's mother Amy Sanders, 43, introduced them as babies. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

A pint of milk a day could protect obese children from diabetes and metabolic disorders, study finds
Children who drank less than half-a-pint a day had significantly higher levels of 'fasting' insulin - the level between meals - than those who drank at least a pint, the Texas researchers found. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Single-Payer Health Care in California: Here ’ s What It Would Take
Universal state health coverage has rallied Democrats in the governor ’ s race. But even with the state ’ s size and wealth, it would be hard to achieve. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: PATRICIA COHEN and REED ABELSON Tags: Health Insurance and Managed Care Elections, Governors Newsom, Gavin Democratic Party California Midterm Elections (2018) Medicare Medicaid Taxation Employee Fringe Benefits Source Type: news

Do YOU always crave something sweet after a meal? Experts reveal why
Dr Jen Nash, a clinical psychologist specializing in eating behavior, and nutritionist Fiona Hunter reveal the truth about those sweet cravings and how to get them under control for good. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

How to Survive Snake Season, Even if You Get Bit
The CDC estimates that as many as 8,000 people are bitten by venomous snakes in the U.S. each year. Such bites are rarely fatal. They kill about five people annually. But snake venom can cause serious harm. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Amishi Jha: How Can We Pay Better Attention To Our Attention?
What exactly is attention, and how can we reclaim it? Neuroscientist Amishi Jha says there's a powerful link between mindfulness, meditation and attention.(Image credit: Travis Harris/TED) (Source: NPR Health and Science)
Source: NPR Health and Science - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: NPR/TED Staff Source Type: news

New Study: Clues as to How Brain Stimulation Beats Food Cravings New Study: Clues as to How Brain Stimulation Beats Food Cravings
Weight loss and reduced food cravings seen with brain stimulation in obese individuals may be because of the release of neurotransmitters linked to reward pathways, say Italian scientists.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Family Medicine/Primary Care News Source Type: news

Coal Miners Facing New Wave of Black Lung Disease
Over 46 years, more than 4,600 coal miners were diagnosed with black lung. Half of the cases occurred since 2000, the data showed. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

To Repel Ticks, Try Insecticide-Treated Clothes
In lab tests of clothes bought from one manufacturer, researchers found that the garments either quickly caused ticks to fall off, or rendered them unable to bite. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Your Tablet and Smartphone Is Ruining Your Sleep
It wasn't just that light from electronic devices suppressed their secretion of melatonin, the sleep-regulating hormone, study author Jeanne Duffy said. Researchers expected that based on other studies. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Jaundice Overview Video Jaundice Overview Video
Jaundice is a condition where the skin and eyes take on a yellowish color due to increased levels of bilirubin in the bloodstream. Find out more in this video.Osmosis (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Med Students Commentary Source Type: news

CR Rate of 30% With Agent for High-Risk Bladder Cancer CR Rate of 30% With Agent for High-Risk Bladder Cancer
With a complete response (CR) rate of 30%, the experimental agent CG0070 is in a race to be the first drug since 1998 for the treatment of BCG-unresponsive bladder cancer.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Hematology-Oncology News Source Type: news

Cerebral palsy in children and young people.
This quality standard covers diagnosing, assessing and managing cerebral palsy in children and young people under 25. It describes high-quality care in priority areas for improvement. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Parent-infant room-sharing is complex and important for breastfeeding
Night-time parenting is a critical part of life that is understudied. The need to improve the evidence base for health recommendations so that parents have improved opportunity for informed decision-making is urgent. Currently, too little attention is paid to safe postpartum interactions. Mothers are cautious about reporting issues such as infant sleep in clinical visits.1 Fear-based messaging about infant sleep locations can … (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Patient reminder and recall interventions to improve immunization rates
Immunization rates for children and adults are rising, but coverage levels have not reached optimal goals. As a result, vaccine-preventable diseases still occur. In an era of increasing complexity of immunization schedules, rising expectations about the performance of primary care, and large demands on primary care providers, it is important to understand and promote interventions that work in primary care settings to increase immunization coverage. One common theme across immunization programs in many nations involves the challenge of implementing a population-based approach and identifying all eligible recipients, for ex...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Own mother's milk significantly decreases the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
OMM has substantial health benefits for VLBW infants including decreased sepsis, necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) and retinopathy of prematurity.1 2 Limited studies have evaluated the effects of OMM on the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in premature … (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Effects of total fat intake on bodyweight in children.
As part of efforts to prevent childhood overweight and obesity, we need to understand the relationship between total fat intake and body fatness in generally healthy children. To assess the effects of total fat intake on measures of weight and body fatness in children and young people not aiming to lose weight. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Identifying perinatal depression with case-finding instruments: a mixed methods study (BaBY PaNDA - Born and Bred in Yorkshire PeriNatal Depression Diagnostic Accuracy).
Perinatal depression is well recognised as a mental health condition but (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Adjunctive avatar therapy for mentalization-based treatment of borderline personality disorder: a mixed-methods feasibility study
Background Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterised by severe instability in emotions, identity, relationships and impulsive behaviour. One contributing factor to BPD is deficient mentalizing —our ability to understand the mental states of others and ourselves. Psychotherapies can be effective at reducing symptoms of BPD but effects are small. Innovative ways of enhancing existing therapies are therefore essential. Objective In a mixed-methods, feasibility and acceptability study, we adjuncted conventional mentalization-based treatment (MBT) for BPD with avatar software (avatar-MBT). We wanted to te...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Multiple indicators of ill health are evident in people with psychosis
There is a very strong association between mental and physical illness that challenges the typical focus of healthcare systems on either mental or physical disorders.1 The relationship between psychosis and physical illness, including multiple physical illnesses (multimorbidity), is of considerable interest because people with psychosis have a greatly reduced life expectancy2 and in high-income countries most of those excess early deaths are due to natural causes. The most common of these causes may be inter-related and may therefore form a distinctive pattern of'multimorbidity'associated with psychosis.3 Unravelling that ...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Heart rate variability in bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder: a clinical review
Heart rate variability (HRV) in psychiatric disorders has become an increasing area of interest in recent years following technological advances that enable non-invasive monitoring of autonomic nervous system regulation. However, the clinical interpretation of HRV features remain widely debated or unknown. Standardisation within studies of HRV in psychiatric disorders is poor, making it difficult to reproduce or build on previous work. Recently, a Guidelines for Reporting Articles on Psychiatry and Heart rate variability checklist has been proposed to address this issue. Here we assess studies of HRV in bipolar disorder an...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Wellbeing and mental health: applying All Our Health
Evidence and guidance to enable healthcare professionals make improvements against wider factors that affect health and wellbeing in mental health. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Pharmacotherapy for social anxiety disorder (SAnD).
Recognition is growing that social anxiety disorder (SAnD) is a chronic and disabling disorder, and data from early trials demonstrate that medication may be effective in its treatment. This systematic review is an update of an earlier review of pharmacotherapy of SAnD. To assess the effects of pharmacotherapy for social anxiety disorder in adults and identify which factors (methodological or clinical) predict response to treatment. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Risperidone versus other antipsychotics for people with severe mental illness and co-occurring substance misuse.
Up to 75% of people with serious mental illness (SMI) such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder have co-occurring substance use disorders (dual diagnosis). Dual diagnosis can have an adverse effect on treatment and prognosis of SMI. To evaluate the effects of risperidone compared to treatment with other antipsychotics (first-generation and other second-generation antipsychotics) used in people with serious mental illness and co-occurring substance misuse. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Medical News Today: Gut bacteria control cancer immunity in the liver
Scientists discover that a Clostridium gut microbe species blocks the liver's immune response to primary and metastatic tumors by altering bile acids. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Cancer / Oncology Source Type: news

Record fentanyl bust in Nebraska finds enough doses to kill about 26 million people
Nebraska State Patrol seized nearly 120 pounds of the drug fentanyl -- enough to kill about 26 million people. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Survivor of near-fatal tick bite has a lesson for summer
On the eve of Memorial Day weekend, Jennifer Slone wants you to know that bug bites are more than just itchy. They can be deadly. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - May 25, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news