Assessment of vision in concussion - Akhand O, Balcer LJ, Galetta SL.
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review emerging vision-based assessments in the evaluation of concussion. RECENT FINDINGS: Involvement of the visual pathways is common following concussion, the mildest form of traumatic brain injury. The visual system contains widel... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: TBI Source Type: news

Objective clinical tests of dual-task dynamic postural control in youth athletes with concussion - Howell DR, Wilson JC, Brilliant AN, Gardner AJ, Iverson GL, Meehan WP.
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively evaluate single/dual-task timed-up-and-go (TUG) and tandem gait performance among children and adolescents with concussion and healthy controls. DESIGN: Repeated measures. METHODS: Participants with concussion (... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Narrative review of the pathophysiology of headaches and photosensitivity in mild traumatic brain injury and concussion - Mares C, Dagher JH, Harissi-Dagher M.
The most common symptom of post-concussive syndrome (PCS) is post-traumatic headache (PTH) accompanied by photophobia. Post-traumatic headache is currently categorized as a secondary headache disorder with a clinical phenotype described by its main feature... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

A case report of impaired driving performance after a concussion - Raukar N, Palms D, Boyle M, Baird J.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The epidemiology of concussion in professional rugby union in Ireland - Cosgrave M, Williams S.
OBJECTIVES: To determine incidence rates, severity and the nature of concussion in professional rugby union in Ireland. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study of time-loss concussion. SETTING: Professional rugby union in Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: 1... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Recreational and Sports Issues Source Type: news

Health Tip: What to Do If You Suspect a Concussion
-- A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head. Symptoms of a concussion tend to appear soon after an injury occurs, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says. If you or a loved one is... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - December 6, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Health Tip: What to Do If You Suspect a Concussion
Title: Health Tip: What to Do If You Suspect a ConcussionCategory: Health NewsCreated: 12/6/2018 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 12/6/2018 12:00:00 AM (Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General)
Source: MedicineNet Kids Health General - December 6, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: news

Study of Concussion in Rugby Union through MicroRNAs (SCRUM): a study protocol of a prospective, observational cohort study - Yakoub KM, O'Halloran P, Davies DJ, Bentley C, Watson CN, Forcione M, Scarpa U, Bishop JRB, Toman E, Hammond D, Cross MJ, Stokes KA, Kemp SPT, Menon DK, Di Pietro V, Belli A.
INTRODUCTION: The diagnosis of mild traumatic brain injury or sports-related concussion is a challenge for all clinicians, players, coaches and parents involved in contact sports. Currently, there is no validated objective biomarker available to assess the... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Recreational and Sports Issues Source Type: news

A data-driven approach to unlikely, possible, probable, and definite acute concussion assessment - Garcia GP, Lavieri MS, Jiang R, McAllister T, McCrea M, Broglio SP.
Kutcher and Giza suggested incorporating levels of certainty in concussion diagnosis decisions. These guidelines were based on clinical experience rather than objective data. Therefore, we combined data-driven optimization with predictive modeling to ident... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Mild traumatic brain injury and concussion: terminology and classification - Sussman ES, Pendharkar AV, Ho AL, Ghajar J.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Mild TBI, which is typically defined by Glasgow Coma Scale score ≥13, accounts for the vast majority of all TBIs, particularly in the setting of sports-related... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Concussion: pathophysiology and clinical translation - Giza C, Greco T, Prins ML.
The majority of the 3.8 million estimated annual traumatic brain injuries (TBI) in the United States are mild TBIs, or concussions, and they occur primarily in adolescents and young adults. A concussion is a brain injury associated with rapid brain movemen... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: TBI Source Type: news

Emergency department evaluation of the concussed athlete - Wright DW, Bazarian JJ.
The concussion evaluation commonly takes place in the emergency department (ED), but most clinicians have not received formal training in concussion diagnosis and management. Proper diagnosis and management of concussion in the ED diminish postconcussion c... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Neuro-ophthalmologic disorders following concussion - Debacker J, Ventura R, Galetta SL, Balcer LJ, Rucker JC.
Visual symptoms, such as photophobia and blurred vision, are common in patients with concussion. Such symptoms may be accompanied by abnormalities of specific eye movements, such as saccades and convergence, or accommodation deficits. The high frequency of... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Neuropsychiatry of sport-related concussion - McAllister TW, Wall R.
Changes in mood, emotions, and behavior are common components of the acute clinical picture of sport-related concussion (SRC). Common concussion symptom inventories such as the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool-5 (SCAT5) contain a large number of questions ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Player performance after returning from a concussion in the National Football League: a pilot study - Zuckerman SL, Kuhn AW, Gentry W, Ghaly A, Patel RD, Yengo-Kahn AM, Kerr ZY, Solomon GS.
This study aimed to determine if gameplay performance in the National Football League (NFL) is adversely affected after returning to play from a sport-related concussion (SRC). Players who sustained a SRC between the 2007-2008 and 2013-2014 seasons were id... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Sleep disorders and concussion - Morse AM, Kothare SV.
Sleep disorders are a common sequel of sports-related concussion. Sleep-wake dysfunction can vary among patients, independent of cause or severity of concussive injury. The pathogenesis of postconcussive sleep disorder is unclear, but may be related to imp... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Vestibular dysfunction and concussion - Mucha A, Fedor S, DeMarco D.
The assessment and treatment of sport-related concussion (SRC) often requires a multifaceted approach. Vestibular dysfunction represents an important profile of symptoms and pathology following SRC, with high prevalence and association with prolonged recov... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The modern landscape of sport-related concussion research: key achievements and future directions - Asken BM, Hack DC, McCrea MA.
The study of contact and collision sport athletes at risk for concussion began approximately three decades ago. Since then, sport-related concussion (SRC) research across several medical specialties has helped to develop consensus guidelines for clinical m... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Concussion in adolescent rugby union players: comprehensive acute assessment protocol and development of the SSC concussion passport to monitor long-term health - Cosgrave C, Fuller C, Franklyn-Miller A, Falvey E, Beirne C, Ryan J, McCrory P.
INTRODUCTION: Sports-related concussion (SRC) can be challenging to diagnose, assess and manage. Much of the SRC research is conducted on adults. The assessment of SRC should aim to identify deficits using a detailed multimodal assessment; however, most st... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Effectiveness of hand self-shiatsu to improve sleep following sport-related concussion in young athletes: a proof-of-concept study - Qin P, Dick BD, Leung A, Brown CA.
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of sport-related concussion (SRC) is high and results in a number of serious health consequences. One area that has received minimal research is the relationship between SRC and sleep. The literature shows that sleep deficiency is... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Imaging findings after acute sport-related concussion in American football players: a systematic review - Monk SH, Legarreta AD, Kirby P, Brett BL, Yengo-Kahn AM, Bhatia A, Solomon GS, Zuckerman SL.
Sport-related concussion (SRC) has emerged as a major public health problem. The results of brain imaging studies following SRC have raised questions about long-term neurologic health, but the clinical implications of these findings remain unknown. A syste... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Preliminary efficacy of online traumatic brain injury professional development for educators: an exploratory randomized clinical trial - Glang AE, McCart M, Slocumb J, Gau JM, Davies SC, Gomez D, Beck L.
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of an online traumatic brain injury (TBI) professional development intervention, In the Classroom After Concussion: Best Practices for Student Success. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial with a sample of 100 ge... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Return to play following sports-related concussion - Broglio SP.
Returning a concussed athlete to practice and competition is an ever-evolving concept that has received considerable scientific and public attention during the past 20 years. Whereas there is now more international consensus regarding return to play, the d... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Sideline assessment of concussion - Putukian M, Schepart Z.
The recognition and sideline evaluation of possible sport-related concussion are difficult tasks for a physician and other clinicians. Sideline assessment tools have continued to evolve over the years, but objective biomarkers of concussion do not currentl... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Subconcussive trauma - Nauman EA, Talavage TM.
Even impacts that do not immediately elicit symptoms of a concussion can induce changes in neural integrity. Because these so-called "subconcussive" head acceleration events, or head impact exposures, do not elicit identifiable symptoms, athletes continue ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The evolving landscape of policies, rules, and law in sport-related concussion - Parsons JT, Baugh C.
Beginning in 2009 with the passage of the Zackery Lystedt law in the state of Washington, all 50 states have passed concussion laws that implement a mandatory framework of care for high school and youth athletes. The structure of these laws generally share... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Trends in concussions at Ontario schools prior to and subsequent to the introduction of a concussion policy - an analysis of the Canadian hospitals injury reporting and prevention program from 2009 to 2016 - Matveev R, Sergio L, Fraser-Thomas J, Macpherson AK.
BACKGROUND: Concussion is a preventable injury that can have long-term health consequences for children and youth. In Ontario, the Policy/Program Memorandum # 158 (PPM) was introduced by the Ministry of Education of Ontario in March 2014. The PPM's main pu... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Kids With Concussions Can Phase In Exercise, Screen Time Sooner Than Before
No longer do kids with concussions need to sit in dark rooms for days on end. For the first time in nearly a decade, the nation's pediatricians have loosened their guidance on concussion recovery.(Image credit: Allie Wilson/Getty Images/EyeEm) (Source: NPR Health and Science)
Source: NPR Health and Science - December 3, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Maanvi Singh Source Type: news

Epidemiology of sports concussion in the United States - Baldwin GT, Breiding MJ, Dawn Comstock R.
Sports and recreation-related (SRR) activities are common in the United States. Beyond the benefits to health, SRR activities can create new friendships, give people a sense of belonging, foster teamwork and other leadership skills, and develop sportsmansh... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

National concussion study to examine gender effects -- NCAA-DOD grant
(Virginia Tech) The Virginia Tech team has been awarded over $1 million for research that will expand their ongoing concussion work into new sports not previously studied heavily for concussions, and to investigate how gender affects injury response. Factors studied will include how different genders are affected by injury, if there is a way to reliably identify when someone has experienced a concussion, why some respond to the same impact differently than others, among other variables. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - November 30, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

What do parents need to know about concussion? Developing consensus using the Delphi method - Kroshus E, Chrisman SPD, Harmon KG, Herring SA, Broglio SP, Master CL, McGill CA, Putukian M, Register-Mihalik JK, Rivara FP.
OBJECTIVE: Many schools and sports leagues provide preseason concussion education to parents/guardians, and in some jurisdictions, it is required for interscholastic sports participation. However, directives about content are absent or vague. The purpose o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Using community detection analysis to elucidate caregivers' mental models of pediatric concussion symptoms - Goodman E, Boe L, Thye M, Mirman J.
Due to a culture of resistance around concussion reporting, novel methods are needed to reveal implicit beliefs that could affect symptom reporting. The goal of this study was to elucidate caregivers ’ mental models of pediatric concussion symptoms using ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

First guidelines for diagnosing and managing concussion in kids - Zolot J.
The CDC addresses a common and significant health concern. Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Repeated pediatric concussions evoke long-term oligodendrocyte and white matter microstructural dysregulation distant from the injury - Lee JB, Affeldt BM, Gamboa Y, Hamer M, Dunn JF, Pardo AC, Obenaus A.
Concussion or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is often accompanied by long-term behavioral and neuropsychological deficits. Emerging data suggest that these deficits can be exacerbated following repeated injuries. However, despite the overwhelming preva... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Football Affects Youth Brain Development After Just One Season, Study Says
(CNN) — Their youthful brains were developing normally, with no signs of developmental, psychological or neurological problems. None had ever had a concussion. But by the end of a single football season, 24 children between the ages of 9 and 18 who had more frequent impacts to the head showed signs of damage to brain development, new research says. “Repetitive head impact exposure may have a cumulative effect in the rapidly developing brains of youth and high school football players,” said study co-author Gowtham Krishnan Murugesan, a radiology research assistant at UT Southwestern Medical Center in Dalla...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - November 26, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News Local TV Youth Football Source Type: news

Head impacts alter brains of young football players
High-level head impacts during just one season of football for high school...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Studies question link between contact sports and CTE MRI shows brain changes after 1 season of youth football MRI shows football position, career length affect the brain MRI shows concussion effects can linger in athletes MRI shows brain changes after 1 football season (Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines)
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - November 26, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: news

More concussion research grants for MCW's McCrea
Dr. Michael McCrea and his Medical College of Wisconsin team have been winning grants for years in sports-related and military-related concussions. He recently added two more. (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines - November 22, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Rich Kirchen Source Type: news

More concussion research grants for MCW's McCrea
Dr. Michael McCrea and his Medical College of Wisconsin team have been winning grants for years in sports-related and military-related concussions. He recently added two more. (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - November 22, 2018 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Rich Kirchen Source Type: news

Pros and cons of 19 sport-related concussion educational resources in Canada: avenues for better care and prevention - Cusimano MD, Zhang S, Topolovec-Vranic J, Grosso A, Jing R, Ilie G.
Objective: The goal of this research was to assess the effectiveness of available concussion educational resources in Canada, the means used to disseminate this knowledge and the impact of these educational resources on players' concussion preventio... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

Evaluating cerebrovascular reactivity during the early symptomatic phase of sport concussion - Churchill N, Hutchison M, Graham S, Schweizer TA.
Cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) indexes the ability of blood vessels to respond to vasoactive stimuli and may be a sensitive biomarker of concussion. However, alterations in whole-brain CVR remain poorly understood during the early symptomatic phase of in... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Differences in sleep between concussed and non-concussed college students: a matched case-control study - Hoffman NL, O'connor PJ, Schmidt MD, Lynall RC, Schmidt JD.
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To describe sleep 2-3 days post-concussion through symptom recovery and make comparison to well-matched non-concussed controls. METHODS: Twenty college students were physician diagnosed with a concussion and compared to 20 non-con... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Initial emergency department visit and follow-up care for concussions among children with Medicaid - Tarimala A, Singichetti B, Yi H, Huang L, Doerschuk R, Tiso M, Yang J.
OBJECTIVE: To describe the rates and patterns of initial emergency department (ED) encounters and follow-up care for concussions among Medicaid-insured children before and after the 2013 enactment of Ohio concussion law. STUDY DESIGN: Using a time-series d... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Blood Test May Flag Concussion but Sex, Race Influence Results Blood Test May Flag Concussion but Sex, Race Influence Results
Serum biomarkers may aid in the diagnosis of sports-related concussion but sex and race need to be considered in order to accurately interpret and effectively manage such patients, new research suggests.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - November 20, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Incidence of concussion and head impacts in Australian elite-level male and female cricketers after head impact protocol modifications - Hill T, Orchard J, Kountouris A.
BACKGROUND:: Concussion in sport is a topic of growing interest in Australia and worldwide. To date, relatively few studies have examined the true incidence of concussion in cricket. HYPOTHESIS:: Concussion in cricket is more common than current literature... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Functional balance assessment in recreational college-aged individuals with a concussion history - Lynall RC, Blackburn JT, Guskiewicz KM, Marshall SW, Plummer P, Mihalik JP.
OBJECTIVES: Despite evidence for increased musculoskeletal injury after concussion recovery, there is a lack of dynamic balance assessments that could inform management and research into this increased injury risk post-concussion. Our purpose was to identi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Recent advances in pediatric concussion and mild traumatic brain injury - Almeida AA, Lorincz MT, Hashikawa AN.
Concussions after a head injury among children continues to be a substantial public health concern. An increasing number of concussions are being managed initially by primary care physicians. The diagnosis of concussion remains a clinical diagnosis despite... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Medical College's McCrea joins $14.7M concussion study funded by NFL
Medical College of Wisconsin professor Michael McCrea is a co-principal investigator in a $14.7 million, five-year study on potential long-term neurologic health consequences of concussions and sub-concussive injuries sustained by former NFL players. The grant from the NFL went to Boston Children’s Hospital and will be split among the other co-principal investigators: the Medical College of Wisconsin in Wauwatosa; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston; and the University of North Carolina… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines - November 19, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Rich Kirchen Source Type: news

Patient engagement in pediatric concussion research - Reed N, Leeder K, Zemek R.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

MR spectroscopy offers insight into neonates' brain damage
Proton MR spectroscopy scans of newborns suspected of having brain damage can...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: MR spectroscopy links ADHD drugs to positive emotions MR spectroscopy finds lingering concussion effects Neonates show no adverse effects from CT, MRI contrast Advanced brain MRI provides insights into brain malformations (Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines)
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - November 19, 2018 Category: Radiology Source Type: news

Concussion, Cagney, Captains of the Clouds - Weaver DF.
The case of James Cagney adds interesting details to the history of concussion. It is underappreciated that a movie-star of Cagney's stature incurred multiple concussions over many years. Moreover, the fact that he sustained one of these concussions in Can... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - November 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Media, Marketing, and Internet Issues Source Type: news