A cross-sectional study on the correlates of food addiction symptoms in adolescents seeking treatment for obesity: eating attitudes and gender differences

Source: Journal of Addictive Diseases - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research

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AbstractBackgroundEmerging evidence suggest that problematic eating behaviors such as food addiction (FA) and binge eating (BE) may alter following bariatric surgery (BS) and impact weight outcomes. We aimed to examine the prevalence of FA and BE and their associations with weight outcomes 2  years post-sleeve gastrectomy (SG).MethodsForty-five women (mean age 32.4  ± 10.9 years) who underwent SG and completed 24 months of follow-up were evaluated prospectively at pre-, 3-, 6-, 12-, and 24-month post-SG. Data collected included anthropometrics, nutritional intake, and lifestyle patterns....
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Eat Weight Disord. 2022 Jan 18. doi: 10.1007/s40519-021-01354-7. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND AND AIMS: The concept of "Food Addiction" has been based on criteria of Substance Use Disorder. Several studies suggested a relationship between food addiction and eating disorders, but little is known about its extent or role. We aim at exploring if food addiction is coincident with a specific eating disorder (binge eating disorder appears the closest) or it is a separate diagnostic entity that afflicts in comorbidity with eating disorders or other conditions like obesity or even in the general population.ME...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Source Type: research
Dopamine has long been implicated as a critical neural substrate mediating anorexia nervosa (AN). Despite nearly 50 years of research, the putative direction of change in dopamine function remains unclear and no consensus on the mechanistic role of dopamine in AN has been achieved. We hypothesize two stages in AN– corresponding to initial development and entrenchment– characterized by opposite changes in dopamine. First, caloric restriction, particularly when combined with exercise, triggers an escalating spiral of increasing dopamine that facilitates the behavioral plasticity necessary to establish and reinfor...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study examines changes in the Yale Food Addiction Scale symptom count over a 24-week, weight-loss mobile Health (mHealth) intervention incorporating elements of addiction medicine. Methods: Adolescents (n = 117) with obesity (15.5 ± 1.3 years; 66% Hispanic) were randomized to the following: (1) mHealth intervention (AppAlone), (2) mHealth intervention+coaching (AppCoach), or (3) in-person intervention (Control). A multivariate mixed Poisson regression model was used to evaluate changes in symptom counts across intervention arms after adjusting for sex, age, depressive symptomatology, stress, and executive funct...
Source: Childhood Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Source Type: research
In conclusion, a better understanding of food addiction's clinical profile and pathogenesis may help clinicians in finding prevention- and therapeutic-focused interventions in the near future.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Eat Weight Disord. 2022 Jan 8. doi: 10.1007/s40519-021-01344-9. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe study's objective was to determine the prevalence of food addiction (FA) in Brazilian university students and to verify whether there is an association with anxiety, depression, and adherence to the social distancing measures adopted during the COVID-19 pandemic. This is a nationwide cross-sectional study carried out through the application of online questionnaires. Self-reported data on age, sex, economic class, race/skin color, anthropometric data, depression diagnosis, anxiety, modified Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 (mYFAS ...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Source Type: research
“The unvaccinated patient is the addicted person, the overweight patient, the smoker in the waiting room. Our antipathy toward them endangers their health, maybe their lives. The unvaccinated will not be convinced with stigma. They will be convinced with integrity, sincerity, and love. Stigmatization has never been an effective health intervention. And that ’s exactly whatRead more …Anger toward the unvaccinated will only cause more harm [PODCAST] originally appeared inKevinMD.com.
Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Podcast COVID Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: Our current study has revealed the relation between smartphone addiction and eating attitudes, and obesity. Smartphone addiction may lead to an increase in body weight, by affecting eating attitudes. Therefore, the effect of eating behavior disorders in the emergence of the smartphone addiction should be considered. Multi-disciplinary solutions are required to prevent this addiction that may increase over time.PMID:34986558 | DOI:10.30773/pi.2021.0230
Source: Psychiatry Investigation - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
DiscussionAddictive-like behaviors seemed to be maintained by trait levels of emotion dysregulation, albeit channeled via trait levels of compulsivity and/or impulsivity. The role of emotion dysregulation may help us to understand why addictive-like behaviors can be difficult to change in both clinical and nonclinical groups, and may be informative for treatment-planning in patients where these behaviors are present. Our findings support adopting a more dimensional approach to psychiatric classification by focusing psychological facets such as those studied.
Source: Brain and Behavior - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
By KIM BELLARD I’ve finally come to understand why the U.S. healthcare system continues to be such a mess, and I have President Dwight Eisenhower to thank. I’ve been paying close attention to our healthcare system for, I hate to admit, over forty years now. It has been a source of constant frustration and amazement that – year after year, crisis after crisis – our healthcare system doesn’t get “fixed.” Yes, we make some improvements, like ACA, but mostly it continues to muddle along. Then I learned about President Eisenhower’s approach to problems: That’s it...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Policy Public Health eisenhower Health Care Reform Health infrastructure Healthcare cost healthcare costs Kim Bellard Source Type: blogs
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