Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Pain in Veterans: Indirect Association Through Anxiety Sensitivity

ConclusionsThese findings, though limited by their cross-sectional nature, provide support for AS as a  risk factor for perceived pain and PTSD symptoms, particularly among veteran samples.
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

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Prisoner’s insomnia prevalence, insomnia associated factors and interventions with sleep as an outcome: a review and narrative analysis Chris Griffiths, Farah Hina International Journal of Prisoner Health, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- Insomnia is highly prevalent in prisoners. The purpose of this paper is a review of research evidence on interventions with sleep as an outcome (2000 to 2020) and rates of insomnia prevalence and associated factors in prisons (2015 to 2020). An internet-based search used Medline, PubMed, PsycINFO (EBSCOhost), Embase, Web of Science and Scopus. Seven...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - Category: Criminology Authors: Source Type: research
Int J Prison Health. 2021 Jul 6;ahead-of-print(ahead-of-print). doi: 10.1108/IJPH-01-2021-0014.ABSTRACTPURPOSE: Insomnia is highly prevalent in prisoners. The purpose of this paper is a review of research evidence on interventions with sleep as an outcome (2000 to 2020) and rates of insomnia prevalence and associated factors in prisons (2015 to 2020).DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: An internet-based search used Medline, PubMed, PsycINFO (EBSCOhost), Embase, Web of Science and Scopus. Seven interventions and eight sleep prevalence or sleep-associated factor papers were identified.FINDINGS: Intervention research was very limite...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - Category: Criminology Authors: Source Type: research
This study examines the effect of rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) intervention on posttraumatic depressed flood victims in Nigeria. A total number of 98 participants (parents) were randomly assigned to treatment (n = 49) and the waitlisted control (n = 49) groups. REBT Depression Manual was used for the delivery of the intervention while depression was e valuated using Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) and Goldberg Depression Scale. The data of the pretest, posttest and follow-up were subjected to statistical analysis using SPSS version 22. Specifically, Analysis of covarianc...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
ConclusionsNeither traumatic exposure nor baseline symptoms of PTSD predicted the treatment outcomes examined here. Despite improvements in both comorbid depression and anxiety, participation in this pain ‐focused CBT program was not associated with improvements in comorbid PTSD. To the extent that changes in PTSD symptoms did occur, these were mediated by changes in psychological inflexibility during treatment.SignificancePain ‐focused CBT programs yield clinically meaningful improvements in pain and comorbid symptoms of depression and anxiety, but may have little effect on comorbid PTSD. This raises the issue of whet...
Source: European Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
The objective of this presentation is to explore historical, scientific, interventional, and other differences between the two paradigms, so that innovators, researchers, practitioners, policy-makers, patients, end-users, and others can gain clarity with respect to both the explicit and implicit assumptions associated with brain advancement agendas of any kind. Over the course of three decades, a series of brain-centric, evolution-inspired insights have been articulated with increasing refinement, as principles of allostasis (Sterling and Eyer, 1988; Sterling, 2004, 2012, 2014). Allostasis recognizes that the role of the ...
Source: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
DiscussionAs detailed above, the “elements” in both a classical and a contemporary sense have effects on our mental health and are potentially modifiable aspects that can be harnessed as therapeutic interventions. The most robust interventional evidence currently available shows tentative support for several use of the elements via horticultural and nature-exposure therapy, green exercise/physical activity, sauna and heat therapy, balneotherapy, and breathing exercises. It should be noted that, in many cases, these interventions were not studied in definitive diagnosed psychiatric disorders and thus it is prema...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Look into my eyes. The phrase calls to mind images of a psychotherapist swinging a pocket watch. Or maybe you picture Catherine Keener in the film Get Out, tapping her teacup and sending an unwilling man into a state of hypnotic limbo. “There are many myths about hypnosis, mostly coming from media presentations,” like fictional films and novels, says Irving Kirsch, a lecturer and director of the Program in Placebo Studies at Harvard Medical School. But setting aside pop culture clichés, Kirsch says hypnosis is a well-studied and legitimate form of adjunct treatment for conditions ranging from obesity and...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized healthytime Mental Health/Psychology Source Type: news
“The real meditation practice is how we live our lives from moment to moment to moment.” – Jon Kabat-Zinn As someone who strives daily to be the best I can be, to be present in the moment, minimize stress and appreciate the beauty and preciousness of life, I’m always keen to learn about scientifically-proven new health benefits of mindfulness meditation. Get better sleep. Anyone who’s suffered the lingering mental and physical effects of a poor night’s sleep on a regular basis, as I have on numerous occasions in the past, can appreciate this all-important benefit from mindfulness meditat...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Mindfulness Research Self-Help Stress Source Type: blogs
This article will take a look at two additional therapy practices that have been widely used by the U.S. and abroad. Specifically designed for trauma, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) works when a therapist leads a patient through a series of lateral eye movements while the patient focuses on traumatic memories. The goal is to reprocess these memories in an adaptive way — eliminating emotional distress and reducing physiological arousal.  Francine Shapiro, PhD, discovered the effects of EMDR by understanding “dual awareness”. When engaging in bilateral stimulation with memory, th...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Addictions Anxiety Cognitive-Behavioral Depression Eating Disorders Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Psychology Psychotherapy PTSD Trauma Treatment Cbt Cognitive Behavioral Therapy EMDR Eye Movement Desensitization And Reprocessin Source Type: news
DiscussionThis trial will be the first randomised controlled trial to examine sleep-enhancing treatment in trauma-affected refugees, as well as the first trial to investigate the effect of IRT and mianserin in this population. Therefore, this trial may optimise treatment recommendations for sleep disturbances in trauma-affected refugees. Based on our findings, we expect to discuss the effect of treatment, focussing on sleep disturbances. Furthermore, the results will provide new information regarding the association between sleep disturbances, PTSD symptoms, psychosocial functioning and quality of life in trauma-affected r...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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