Endogenous and Borrowed Proteolytic Activity in the Borrelia

Microbiol Mol Biol Rev. 2021 May 12;85(2):e00217-20. doi: 10.1128/MMBR.00217-20. Print 2021 May 19.ABSTRACTSUMMARYThe Borrelia spp. are tick-borne pathogenic spirochetes that include the agents of Lyme disease and relapsing fever. As part of their life cycle, the spirochetes traffic between the tick vector and the vertebrate host, which requires significant physiological changes and remodeling of their outer membranes and proteome. This crucial proteome resculpting is carried out by a diverse set of proteases, adaptor proteins, and related chaperones. Despite its small genome, Borrelia burgdorferi has dedicated a large percentage of its genome to proteolysis, including a full complement of ATP-dependent proteases. Energy-driven proteolysis appears to be an important physiological feature of this dual-life-cycle bacterium. The proteolytic arsenal of Borrelia is strategically deployed for disposal of proteins no longer required as they move from one stage to another or are transferred from one host to another. Likewise, the Borrelia spp. are systemic organisms that need to break down and move through host tissues and barriers, and so their unique proteolytic resources, both endogenous and borrowed, make movement more feasible. Both the Lyme disease and relapsing fever Borrelia spp. bind plasminogen as well as numerous components of the mammalian plasminogen-activating system. This recruitment capacity endows the spirochetes with a borrowed proteolytic competency that can lead t...
Source: Mol Biol Cell - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Clinical and topical variants and forms of EF in children are associated with etiology, have different rates of complications, the nature of the course and outcomes, the knowledge of which makes it possible to optimize the diagnostic process.PMID:35038852 | DOI:10.17116/jnevro202112111286
Source: Herpes - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
The Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l.) genogroup is the causative agent responsible for Lyme borreliosis, a common tick-borne infectious disease in some temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. In humans...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
is the most common tick-borne illness in the USA and Europe. Pathogens involved include Borrelia burgdorferi in the USA and B. afzelii and B. garinii in Europe. The characteristic rash of erythema migrans occurs in 70 –80% of patients. Neurological disease, including facial palsy, meningo-encephalitis, aseptic meningitis and polyradiculopathy, occurs in 10–15%. Cardiac disease, primarily manifest as heart block, is seen in 1–4%. Arthritis is a late complication in about 30% of untreated patients.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Bacterial infections Source Type: research
Radiologia (Engl Ed). 2021 Sep-Oct;63(5):425-435. doi: 10.1016/j.rxeng.2021.07.002.ABSTRACTInfections of the central nervous system caused by atypical bacteria are becoming more common. Borrelia burgdorferi and Rickettsia conorii are microorganisms transmitted by ticks; infection with these bacteria result in a wide spectrum of manifestations on imaging. In areas where these tick-borne microorganisms are endemic, including Spain, these infections must be included in the differential diagnosis of patients with a variety of systemic and neurologic symptoms. The clinical presentation of these infections is nonspecific, and CT...
Source: Radiologia - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
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