Diversity and antimicrobial resistance of Listeria spp. and L. monocytogenes clones from produce handling and processing facilities in the Pacific Northwest

Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Food ControlAuthor(s): John Jorgensen, Rebecca Bland, Joy Waite-Cusic, Jovana Kovacevic
Source: Food Control - Category: Food Science Source Type: research

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Conclusion: It is necessary for conducting susceptibility testing and to select the suitable antibiotics and avoid the effects of these bacteria in pregnant women. PMID: 32994901 [PubMed]
Source: Iranian Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Iran J Microbiol Source Type: research
This study characterizes the genome of a novel Clostridium gasigenes strain CGAS001 isolated from meat juice sample (MJS) of vacuum-packed lamb meat by comparing it with the type strain C. gasigenes DSM 12272 and five strains representing four other BPS-causing Clostridium sensu stricto species. Phenotypic characteristics of the strain, which include biochemical characteristics, antimicrobial resistance and production of putative polyketide, have been determined. The size of its draft genome is 4.1 Mb with 3,845 coding sequences, 28.7% GC content and 95 RNA genes that include 75 tRNAs, 17 rRNAs, and 3 ncRNAs. Average Nucle...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Once a dangerous new pathogen is out, as we are seeing, it can be difficult if not impossible to prevent it going global. One as contagious as SARS-CoV-2 has the potential to infect the whole of humanity. Eighty per cent of cases may be benign, but with such a large pool of susceptible hosts, the numbers who experience severe illness and die can still be shockingly high. So the only sensible answer to the question, how do we stop this from happening again, is: by doing all we can to prevent such pathogens infecting humans in the first place. And that means taking a long, hard look at our relationship with the natural world...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news
In conclusion, the ePlex BCID-GP Panel compares favorably to SOC and targeted molecular methods for the identification of 20 Gram-positive pathogens and four antimicrobial resistance genes in positive blood culture bottles. This panel detects a broad range of pathogens and mixed infections with yeast and Gram-negative organisms from the same positive blood culture bottle.
Source: Journal of Clinical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Bacteriology Source Type: research
This study was aimed at assessing whether the repeated exposure of twelve strains of Salmonella spp., Escherichia coli and Listeria monocytogenes to the alternative non-thermal decontamination techniques ultraviolet light (UV-C) and non-thermal atmospheric plasma (NTAP) may cause the emergence of variants showing an increased resistance to clinically relevant antibiotics (ampicillin, cefotaxime, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, streptomycin, tetracycline, erythromycin, vancomycin and colistin). UV-C and NTAP treatments were applied on the surface of inoculated BHI agar plates. Survivors were recovered and, after 24 hours growth ...
Source: Applied and Environmental Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Appl Environ Microbiol Source Type: research
This study characterized Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella enterica, and E. coli O157:H7 by collecting rectoanal mucosal swabs and fecal samples from 518 imported beef cattle at Jordan’s major abattoir. A unique 53 L. monocytogenes, 287 S. enterica, and 17 E. coli O157:H7 were isolated from 37, 120 and 9 different animals; respectively. The prevalence of S. enterica, L. monocytogenes and E. coli O157:H7 were 23.2% (95% CI, 19.7-27.0%), 7.1% (95% CI, 5.2-9.7%) and 1.7% (95% CI, 0.9-3.3%); respectively. All L. monocytogenes, all E. coli O157:H7 and 93.0% of S. enterica isolates resisted at least one antimicrobial clas...
Source: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
This study characterized Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella enterica, and E. coli O157:H7 by collecting rectoanal mucosal swabs and fecal samples from 518 imported beef cattle at Jordan's major abattoir. A unique 53 L. monocytogenes, 287 S. enterica, and 17 E. coli O157:H7 were isolated from 37, 120 and 9 different animals; respectively. The prevalence of S. enterica, L. monocytogenes and E. coli O157:H7 were 23.2 % (95 % CI, 19.7-27.0 %), 7.1 % (95 % CI, 5.2-9.7 %) and 1.7 % (95 % CI, 0.9-3.3 %); respectively. All L. monocytogenes, all E. coli O157:H7 and 93.0 % of S. enterica isolates resisted at least one antimicrobial ...
Source: Comparative immunology, microbiology and infectious diseases. - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis Source Type: research
te; T Abstract Bacteria within biofilms are more resistant to antibiotics and chemical agents than planktonic bacteria in suspension. Treatment of biofilm-associated infections inevitably involves high dosages and prolonged courses of antimicrobial agents; therefore, there is a potential risk of the development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Due to the high prevalence of AMR and its association with biofilm formation, investigation of more effective anti-biofilm agents is required. From ancient times, herbs and spices have been used to preserve foods, and their antimicrobial, anti-biofilm and anti-quorum sensi...
Source: Current Pharmaceutical Design - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Pharm Des Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 February 2020Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Daniel A. Serrano, María A. Mariezcurrena-Berasain, Adriana Del Carmen Gutiérrez Castillo, Benjamín Valladares Carranza, Alberto Barbabosa Pliego, Martín Talavera Rojas, Uchenna Y. Anele, Abdelfattah Z-M. Salem, Raymundo R. Rivas-CaceresAbstractThe aim of this work was to evaluate the in vitro bacterial inhibition of different types of garlic on Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Listeria monocytogenes and Staphylococcus aureus. The bacterial strains were molecularly identified using gen 16S rDNA molecular ident...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Listeria monocytogenes is a Gram-positive bacterium that can be found in a broad range of environments, including soil, food, animals, and humans. L. monocytogenes can cause a foodborne disease manifesting as sepsis and meningo-encephalitis. To evaluate signals of selection within the core genome of neuroinvasive L. monocytogenes strains, we sequenced 122 L. monocytogenes strains from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of Dutch meningitis patients and performed a genome-wide analysis using Tajima’s D and ω (dN/dS). We also evaluated the residual variation intolerance score (RVIS), a computationally less demanding method...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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