Outcomes of Autogenous Fistulas and Prosthetic Grafts for Hemodialysis Access in Diabetic and Non-Diabetic Patients
This study evaluates the effect of diabetes on outcomes of autogenous fistulas and prosthetic grafts for hemodialysis access in a large population based cohort of patients.
ConclusionOnly 46.875% of the hemodialysis patients with COVID-19 had fever in the early stage; and diabetics may be the most susceptible population. A decrease in blood lymphocyte count and ground-glass opacity on chest CT scan is beneficial in identifying the high-risk population.
CONCLUSION: Vascular access-related nerve compression is an uncommon cause for pain, sensory and motor deficits after vascular access surgery. Surgical nerve release and access revision have good clinical outcome with relief of symptoms and maintenance of the access site in the majority of patients. PMID: 32436420 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
We present a narrative review of the literature to facilitate evidence-based risk stratification for patients undergoing fracture fixation. Risk factors, including diabetes, hyperglycemia, end-stage renal disease requiring hemodialysis, human immunodeficiency virus, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, hepatitis C, and alcohol abuse, have consistently been shown to increase infection risk in orthopedic surgery. Other risk factors, including smoking, obesity, and the use of immunomodulatory medications, have been shown to have varying direct impact on postoperative SSI depending on the study and the specific fractures examin...
CONCLUSIONS: This study showed increased prevalence of oral findings in CKD patients. It also revealed that Diabetes mellitus cannot be a contributing factor for increased prevalence of oral manifestations of CKD patients. PMID: 32407059 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicate that the use of carvedilol for more than 84 days improves the primary patency of AVGs, but the use of carvedilol for less than 84 days does not. PMID: 32408854 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Fukushima S, Hagiya H, Mizuta Y, Nakano Y, Takahara M, Okamoto K, Hayashi Y, Yamada K, Hasegawa K, Otsuka F Abstract Odontogenic infections, generally caused by dental caries and periodontal disease, can result in fatal illness. We herein report a 71-year-old Japanese woman with type 2 diabetes and hemodialysis who suffered from multiple dentofacial abscesses mainly caused by multidrug-resistant Streptococcus oralis. She complained of pain and swelling of her face, with an extraoral fistula from the left cheek. Following 3 surgical debridement procedures and partial mandibulectomy, in addition to 12 weeks ...
ConclusionIn HD patients, fracture was significantly associated with MI, especially for vertebral fractures patients.
CONCLUSION: The primary failure rate was relatively low in this study but the long-term functionality of the arteriovenous fistulae needs to be improved. PMID: 32372704 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
AbstractA 79-year-old Japanese male with a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) for 16 years was admitted to evaluate possible renal disease. The T2DM was well controlled in this patient using nutrition therapy without the need for any diabetes medication, and both diabetes retinopathy and proteinuria were negative. At the age of 78 advanced colorectal cancer (stage IIIa) was diagno sed and laparoscopic-assisted colectomy was performed. Following this procedure, the patient began treatment with tegafur/gimeracil/oteracil (S-1), 80 mg twice daily for 28 days of 42-day cycle. The patient received S-1 fo...
Conclusion(s): This study suggests that cases resulting in amputation due to ASO pathology alone might have poor prognosis and that preoperative sepsis can increase perioperative mortality; hence, the decision to amputate must be considered before the development of sepsis.