Results of cryopreserved arterial allograft replacement for thoracic and thoracoabdominal aortic infections
Primary and secondary thoracic aortic infections are rare but associated with high morbidity and mortality. There is currently no consensus on their optimal treatment. Arterial allografts have been shown to be resistant to bacterial colonization. Complete excision of infected material, especially synthetic grafts, combined with in situ aortic repair is considered the best treatment of abdominal aortic infections. The aim of this study was to assess the management of thoracic and thoracoabdominal aortic infections using arterial allografts. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Thibault Couture, Julien Gaudric, Jean-Michel Davaine, J érémie Jayet, Laurent Chiche, Mohamed Jarraya, Fabien Koskas Tags: Clinical research study Source Type: research

Nationwide patterns in industry payments to academic vascular surgeons
The relationship between industry and vascular surgery has led to many advances in our field, especially in the realm of endovascular therapy. The blend of clinical experience, engineering expertise, and innovation is a powerful combination. However, intertwined financial relationships can threaten the public trust and confidence in decisions that result from seemingly incestuous associations. Human nature being what it is, financial reward can introduce often subtle bias into decisions and conclusions. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Richard F. Neville Tags: Invited commentary Source Type: research

Automated testing may make peripheral artery disease screening more attractive
It is not infrequent that a functional test is used to define a disease. For example, measuring the blood pressure (BP) of the brachial artery serves as the sole diagnostic criterion for arterial hypertension. Similarly, the ankle-brachial index (ABI) has been used to define the presence or absence of peripheral artery disease (PAD). The BP test is so widely used that primary care providers take BP measurements at every visit whether the patient is symptomatic or not. Furthermore, home automatic BP  monitors are available to the general public at a reasonable cost. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Fedor Lurie Tags: Invited commentary Source Type: research

Toe pressure may be able to identify peripheral artery disease in patients with normal ankle-brachial index
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is not just a local phenomenon of limited blood supply in the lower extremities (LEs) but a manifestation of severe atherosclerosis. Not surprisingly, life expectancy of PAD patients is very short. The majority of patients will die within 10  years of their PAD diagnosis from cardiovascular events, cancer, or complications of diabetes.1 As the outcomes of medical treatment of PAD patients continue to improve, early detection of PAD, preferably in the asymptomatic stage, may not only save patients' limbs but also prolong their lives. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Fedor Lurie Tags: Invited commentary Source Type: research

Reply
We appreciate the interest in our work and highly relevant issues raised by Smith and Turay regarding our work analyzing the safety and efficacy of radial artery access in endovascular intervention in trauma patients.1 (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Marta J. Madurska, Thomas M. Scalea, Jonathan J. Morrison Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Weighing the risks and benefits of an anticoagulation protocol for a radial access first approach for the endovascular management of trauma patients
We read with interest the recent article on the safety and efficacy of radial access for angioembolization in trauma patients by Adnan et  al.1 The authors are to be congratulated on demonstrating a feasible and low-risk alternative access for endovascular treatment in this critical patient population who often have complicated groin anatomy, making standard femoral access more challenging or undesirable. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Jason C. Smith, David Turay Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Reply
We would like to thank Williams et  al1 for their interest in our work and for discussing several important topics regarding our report. We will attempt to address each of their questions in a systematic manner. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Laura T. Boitano, Samuel I. Schwartz Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Cross specialty collaboration to improve outcomes of carotid endarterectomy
We read Boitano et  al's paper1 regarding differences in outcomes between patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA) by vascular and nonvascular trained surgeons in our recent resident journal club, and it generated lively discussion. CEA is one of the most commonly performed operations by vascular surgeons and is a close second to peripheral vascular interventions as the most frequently recorded operation in the Vascular Quality Initiative, which is purposely agnostic to provider specialty. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Brian Williams, Reynold Henry, Nallely Saldana-Ruiz, Fred A. Weaver, Gregory A. Magee Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

The need for a comprehensive vascular trauma registry
We would like to thank the authors for their commentary “A more holistic approach to limb salvage research in extremity vascular trauma through domain specific trauma registries.”1 We share their desire for a more comprehensive vascular-injury focused trauma database. Assessing details in a trauma patient, particularly those with vascular injuries, a t a large-scale level can be quite challenging. This process is particularly difficult when taking into account concurrent injuries.2,3 One only needs to look at their own retrospective single center data to see how difficult it can be to get an accurate assessment...
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Jeffrey J. Siracuse, Bindu Kalesan Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

A more holistic approach to limb salvage research in extremity vascular trauma through domain specific trauma registries
In the last 2  years, there were six articles published in the Journal of Vascular Surgery directly or indirectly addressing compounding factors in extremity limb salvage after vascular trauma. The latest addition by Siracuse et al is “Lower extremity vascular injuries caused by firearms have a higher risk of amputation and death compared with non-firearm penetrating trauma.”1 They queried the National Inpatient Sample database identifying 19,494 penetrating lower extremities requiring vascular repair that comprised 80.7% firearm- and 19.3% non-firearm-related injuries. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Amila Ratnayake, Tamara J. Worlton Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Show me the money: How will surgeons be paid in the future … and is it fair?
Alternative Payment Models (APM) live in the seemingly endless alphabet soup of what is often referred to as pay-for-performance health care. The premise of an APM is to codify an episode of care related to disease, track outcomes, and reimburse according to the value delivered. This stands in stark contradistinction to the untenable continued pay-for-frequency fee for service model under which almost all United States surgeons practice directly or indirectly (after all, a relative value unit is simply a proxy for dollars). (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Michael C. Stoner Tags: Invited commentary Source Type: research

Vascular closure devices are an option for antegrade access but carry a higher rate of complications highlighting the need for careful patient and device selection
Vascular closure devices (VCDs) were introduced in the 1990s to reduce the time to hemostasis and enable early ambulation.1 Since that time, there has been a proliferation of devices, which now number ≥15.2 Along with the growth of technology, the rate of VCD usage has increased, demonstrated by their use in>75% of elective coronary cases in the Veterans Affairs Medical Centers.3 The increased use of VCDs has led to their use outside of the instructions for use, as illustrated in a recent report using data from the Vascular Quality Initiative. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Justin Hurie Tags: Invited commentary Source Type: research

Assessing the utility of transradial access in the trauma patient
I congratulate the Shock Trauma Vascular Trauma Group for their continued work in pioneering and promulgating innovative techniques in this field and for their recent report, “Safety and efficacy of radial artery access in 65 trauma endovascular cases” by Adnan et al.1 Their findings support my bias regarding the advantages of radial access—in addition to convenience and safety, it has been shown to be cost-effective.2 However, like most aspects of endovascular su rgery the devil is in the details, and I have several questions. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Gregory A. Magee Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Reply
We thank Dr Magee for the interest in our work and appreciate the questions regarding our report on transradial access in endovascular procedures in trauma patients.1 (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Marta J. Madurska, Thomas M. Scalea, Jonathan J. Morrison Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Diabetes, Its Duration, and the Long-Term Risk of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
A prospective, community ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities) study was performed with analysis during three separate durations: 1987 to 1989, 1990 to 1992, and 2011 to 2013. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: X. Ning, N. Ding, S.H. Ballew, C.W. Hicks, J. Coresh, E. Selvin Tags: Diabetes is associated with decreased risk of abdominal aortic aneurysms Source Type: research

Carotid Endarterectomy Restores Decreased Vision Due to Chronic Ocular Ischemia
A prospective, observational, single-center study was performed from March 2015 to September 2018. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: S. Yoshida, S. Oya, H. Obata, N. Fujisawa, T. Tsuchiya, T. Nakamura Tags: Carotid endarterectomy can improve ocular blood flow to resolve visual defects Source Type: research

Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair in “Shaggy Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms”
A single-center, retrospective, cohort study was performed from January 2005 to May 2019. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: M. Franchin, V. Grassi, G. Piffaretti, R.L. Bush, M. Tozzi, C. Lomazzi Tags: Thoracic aortic stent-grafts might not be safe in shaggy aortas Source Type: research

Rationale, Design, and Implementation of Intensive Risk Factor Treatment in the CREST2 Trial
A subanalysis of patients entered in the CREST2 trial (carotid revascularization and medical management for asymptomatic carotid stenosis) from 2014 to March 23, 2020 was performed. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: T. Turan, J.H. Voeks, M.I. Chimowitz Tags: Successful risk factor modification in patients for carotid endarterectomy Source Type: research

Clinical Features and Outcomes of Pregnancy-Related Acute Aortic Dissection
A cohort study was performed using the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection (IRAD) from February 1, 1998 to February 28, 2018. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: A.C. Braverman, E. Mittauer, K.M. Harris Tags: Pregnancy is associated with acute aortic dissection in patients with aortopathy Source Type: research

Heparin-Bonded Stent-Graft for the Treatment of TASC IIC and D Femoropopliteal Lesions: 36-Month Results of the Viabahn 25-cm Trial
A prospective, seven-center, single-arm, European Union trial (dates not provided) was performed. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: T. Bohme, E. Noory, K. Brechtel, D. Scheinert, M. Bosiers, U. Beschorner Tags: Heparin-bonded stent grafts for long superficial femoral artery occlusions have poor 3-year primary patency rates Source Type: research

Mortality is High Following Elective Open Repair of Complex Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms
To evaluate the 30 day mortality of elective open complex abdominal aortic aneurysm (cAAA) repair and identify factors associated with death. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: C.A. Latz, L. Boitano, S. Schwartz, N. Swerdlow, K. Dansey, R.R.B. Varkevisser, V. Patel, M.L. Schermerhorn Source Type: research

Five Year Patient Outcomes of Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in the ENDURANT France Registry
Endovascular repair is the preferred method of treatment for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms with numerous publications from multiple geographic regions showing excellent patient outcomes. Since the original ACE (Anevrysme de l'aorte abdominale: Chirurgie versus Endoprothese) randomised control trial, studies of French specific population have also contributed significantly to the body of evidence in support of endovascular abdominal aortic repair. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: J.-P. Becquemin, S. Haupert, F. Issam, A. Dubar, Y. Martelloni, Y. Jousset, A. Sauguet Source Type: research

Effect of Statins on Total Mortality in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
The aim was to summarise the evidence from published epidemiological studies investigating the efficacy of statin therapy on long term survival in patients after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Ø. Risum, I. Sandven, J.O. Sundhagen, M. Abdelnoor Source Type: research

Long Term Outcomes of Endovascular Therapy for Failing Distal Bypass Vein Grafts
This study aimed to analyse the peri-procedural results and long term outcomes of endovascular therapy (EVT) for failing vein grafts after distal bypass. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: T. Kobayashi, M. Hamamoto, T. Okazaki, M. Hasegawa, S. Takahashi Source Type: research

Compression Stocking With 100% Donning and Doffing Success: An Open Label Randomised Controlled Trial
The aim of this study was to test whether an investigational two layer stocking exerting 27 –29 mmHg pressure at the medial supramalleolar level, but without compression in the foot and heel, is easier to put on and take off than a standard stocking of the same compression class (23–32 mmHg), and also to assess the prevention of diurnal oedema with both types of stocking. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: C.S. Buset, J. Fleischer, R. Kluge, N.T. Graf, G. Mosti, H. Partsch, C. Seeli, F. Anzengruber, M. Kockaert, M. H übner, J. Hafner Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Contents
(Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Information for Readers
Communications regarding original articles and editorial management should be addressed to Peter Gloviczki, MD, and Peter F. Lawrence, MD, Editors, Journal of Vascular Surgery, 9400 W. Higgins Road, Suite 315, Rosemont IL 60018; telephone: 312-334-2355; fax: 312-334-2320; e-mail: JVASCSURG@vascularsociety.org. Information for authors appears in the January and July issues, at www.jvascsurg.org, and at jvs.editorialmanager.com. Authors should consult this document before submitting manuscripts to this Journal. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

events of interest (4-color)
(Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Journal of Vascular Surgery – February 2021 Audiovisual Summary
Hello! My name is Peter Lawrence and I am pleased to introduce the February issue of the Journal of Vascular Surgery and highlight four outstanding papers that are freely available for the next 2  months. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - January 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Peter F. Lawrence Tags: Journal of Vascular Surgery – February 2021 Audiovisual Summary Source Type: research

Frailty leads to poor long-term survival in patients undergoing elective vascular surgery
In this study, we aim to determine this association in elective vascular surgery patients. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - December 30, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Louise B.D. Banning, Mostafa El Moumni, Linda Visser, Barbara L. van Leeuwen, Clark J. Zeebregts, Robert A. Pol Source Type: research

Network meta-analysis of trials comparing first line endovascular treatments for arteriovenous fistula stenosis
To investigate the comparative effectiveness of the different endovascular treatments in patients with failing autogenous arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) with outflow vein stenosis. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - December 28, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Tripsianis Gregory, Christaina Eleni, Argyriou Christos, Georgakarakos Efstratios, Georgiadis S. George, Lazarides K. Miltos Source Type: research

Effect Of Branch Length And Tortuosity On The Outcomes Of Branched Endovascular Repair Of Thoracoabdominal Aneurysms Using Self Expandable bridging stent-graft
To investigate the effect of length and tortuosity of directional branches on the mid-term outcomes of branched endovascular aneurysm repair (BEVAR) for thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA). (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - December 28, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Michele Piazza, Francesco Squizzato, Andrea Xodo, Alberto Gubert, Franco Grego, Michele Antonello Source Type: research

Patients with Depression Are Less Likely to Go Home After Critical Limb Revascularization
While often overlooked during preoperative evaluation, recent evidence suggests that depression in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is associated with increased postoperative complications including decreased primary and secondary patency after revascularization and increased risk of major amputation and mortality. Post-operative non-home discharge (NHD) is an important outcome for patients and has also been associated with other adverse outcomes, but the impact that depression has on NHD after vascular surgery remains unexplored. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - December 28, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Joel L. Ramirez, Greg J. Zahner, Shipra Arya, S. Marlene Grenon, Warren J. Gasper, Julie Ann Sosa, Michael S. Conte, James C. Iannuzzi Source Type: research

Data analysis of vascular surgery instrument trays yield large cost and efficiency savings
Surgical procedures account for 50% of hospital revenue and approximately 60% of operating costs. On average, less than 20% of surgical instruments are used during a case, and the expense for re-sterilization and assembly of instrument trays ranges from $0.51-3.01 per instrument. Given the complexity of the surgical service supply chain, physician preferences, and variation of procedures, reduction of surgical cost is extremely difficult and often ill-defined. A data driven approach to instrument tray optimization has implications for efficiency and cost savings in sterile processing, including reduction in tray assembly t...
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - December 24, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Martyn Knowles, Samuel S. Gay, Sarah K. Konchan, Robert Mendes, Sandeep Rath, Vinayak Deshpande, Mark A. Farber, Benjamin C. Wood Source Type: research

Abnormal preoperative digital brachial index is associated with lower two-year arteriovenous fistula access patency
Aim of the present study was to assess whether a single measurement of a digital brachial index (DBI, ratio systolic finger pressure/systemic pressure) reflecting the arm ’s circulation was associated with access patency in severe chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients scheduled for arteriovenous fistula (AVF) surgery. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - December 21, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Reshabh Yadav, Michael W.M. Gerrickens, Joep A.W. Teijink, Marc R.M. Scheltinga Source Type: research

The Society for Vascular Surgery thoracic endovascular aortic repair guidelines support thoracic endovascular aortic repair as the primary therapy for the treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms
In the Society for Vascular Surgery clinical practical guidelines on Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair (TEVAR) for thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs),1 the authors have provided multiple useful and important recommendations derived from contemporary best evidence. The guideline is presented in a relatively straightforward fashion moving from epidemiology and clinical presentation to medical management of patients with TAAs. Other aortic pathologies, exclusive of aortic dissection, are also briefly touched on as TEVAR has been used in these multiple settings. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - December 18, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Santi Trimarchi Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Critical points from the reporting standards for endovascular aortic repair of aneurysms involving the renal-mesenteric arteries
The U.S. Multicenter Fenestrated/Branched Aortic Research Consortium (ARC) has reported data of unmatched quality concerning complex aortic aneurysm repair with fenestrated and branched endografts (fenestrated/branched-endovascular aortic repair [FBEVAR]). The ARC reports prospective, multicenter, monitored, nonrandomized results collected from physician-sponsored investigational device exemption studies.1-3 To evaluate FBEVAR outcomes, graft designs, bridging stents and then compare them with the results from open surgery and the ARC outcomes, Oderich et  al4 have proposed new reporting standards for complex aneurysm...
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - December 18, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: St éphan Haulon, Mark R. Tyrrell, Dominique Fabre Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

The Society for Vascular Surgery clinical practice guidelines define the optimal care of patients with chronic mesenteric ischemia
Chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI), caused by insufficient postprandial intestinal perfusion, results from atherosclerotic occlusive disease of the celiac artery (CA), superior mesenteric artery (SMA), and/or inferior mesenteric artery. Although the reported incidence of CMI has slightly increased during the past two decades,1,2 a dramatic shift has also occurred, paralleling the larger discipline of vascular surgery, in both the imaging,3 and the definitive treatment, of the condition.4-6 The Society for Vascular Surgery (SVS) Evidence Review Committee has proposed guidelines, based on a formal systematic review and meta-a...
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - December 18, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Erica L. Mitchell Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - December 18, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Contents
(Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - December 18, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Information for Readers
Communications regarding original articles and editorial management should be addressed to Peter Gloviczki, MD, and Peter F. Lawrence, MD, Editors, Journal of Vascular Surgery, 9400 W. Higgins Road, Suite 315, Rosemont IL 60018; telephone: 312-334-2355; fax: 312-334-2320; e-mail: JVASCSURG@vascularsociety.org. Information for authors appears in the January and July issues, at www.jvascsurg.org, and at jvs.editorialmanager.com. Authors should consult this document before submitting manuscripts to this Journal. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - December 18, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Update on workforce diversity in vascular surgery
Creating a diverse workforce is paramount to the success of the surgical field. A diverse workforce allows us to meet the health needs of an increasingly diverse population and to bring new ideas to spur technical innovation. The purpose of this study was to assess trends in workforce diversity within vascular surgery (VS) and general surgery (GS) as compared to orthopedic surgery (OS) —a specialty that instituted a formal diversity initiative over a decade ago. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - December 18, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Chelsea Dorsey, Elsie Ross, Abena Appah-Sampong, Monica Vela, Milda Saunders Source Type: research

Microbial evolution of vascular graft infections in a tertiary hospital based on positive graft cultures
Vascular graft infections are a serious complication in vascular surgery. Correct antibiotic therapy targeted to the most likely infecting species is essential to manage these patients, although bacterial epidemiology and pathogenesis are still not completely understood. We aimed at analyzing the behavior of vascular graft infections and the microbiological patterns of resistance. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - December 18, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Ryan Gouveia e Melo, Beatriz Martins, Diogo Mendes Pedro, Carla Mimoso Santos, Ant ónio Duarte, Ruy Fernandes e Fernandes, Pedro Garrido, Luís Mendes Pedro Source Type: research

The role of renin-angiotensin system activated phagocytes in the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus infection
Management of the pandemic caused by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 challenges both scientists and physicians to rapidly develop, and urgently assess, effective diagnostic tests and therapeutic interventions. The initial presentation of the disease in symptomatic patients is invariably respiratory, with dry cough being the main symptom, but an increasing number of reports reveal multiple organ involvement. The aim of this review is to summarise the potential role of the renin-angiotensin system activated phagocytes in the pathogenesis of COVID-19 disease. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - December 18, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Laszlo G öbölös, István Rácz, Maurice Hogan, Ernő Remsey-Semmelweis, Bassam Atallah, Wael AlMahmeed, Fahad AlSindi, Rakesh M. Suri, Gopal Bhatnagar, Emin Murat Tuzcu Source Type: research

Nineteen-year outcomes with the Anaconda stent-graft system from two tertiary centers
The Anaconda stent-graft device presents peculiar and unique features in its design and deployment sequence, available on the market for many years with minor modifications among different generations. Aim of this study is to assess long-term, real life, outcomes obtained in two high-volume centers with this endograft for infrarenal aortic aneurysms treatment over a period of nineteen years. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - December 18, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Giacomo Isernia, Gioele Simonte, Stefano Michelagnoli, Aldo Alberti, Guglielmo Pupo, Gianbattista Parlani, Massimo Lenti, Emiliano Chisci Source Type: research

Clinical outcomes of polymer-free, paclitaxel-coated stents versus stent grafts in peripheral arterial disease patients with femoropopliteal artery lesions
Zilver PTX polymer-free, paclitaxel-coated stents and Viabahn stent grafts are effective for the treatment of femoropopliteal lesions. The aim of this study was to compare clinical outcomes between the two devices in patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in real-world settings. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - December 18, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Takuya Tsujimura, Mitsuyoshi Takahara, Osamu Iida, Yoshimitsu Soga, Tomonori Katsuki, Masahiko Fujihara, Daizo Kawasaki, Amane Kozuki, Toshiaki Mano Source Type: research

Poor Runoff and Distal Coverage Below the Knee are Associated with Poor Long-term Outcomes Following Endovascular Popliteal Aneurysm Repair
Reports of good short-term outcomes for endovascular repair of popliteal artery aneurysms (PAA) have led to increased utilization of the technique. However, data is lacking on long-term limb related outcomes and factors associated with failure of endovascular repair. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - December 18, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Mohamed S. Zaghloul, Elizabeth A. Andraska, Andrew Leake, Rabih Chaer, Efthymios D. Avgerinos, Eric S. Hager, Michel S. Makaroun, Mohammad H. Eslami Source Type: research

Long-term outcomes of transposed femoral vein arteriovenous fistula for abandoned upper extremity dialysis access
The number and longevity of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) requiring dialysis access continues to increase, leading to challenging situations including exhausted upper extremity access and severe central venous stenosis. This has led to an increase in the use of alternative access sites including the lower extremities. The transposed femoral vein arteriovenous fistula for dialysis access is a previously described alternative, although there is limited data on its long-term patency. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - December 18, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Kristine C. Orion, Tanner I. Kim, Anthony N. Rizzo, Jonathan A. Cardella, Anthony Rizzo, Timur P. Sarac Source Type: research

Safety and Efficacy of Transcarotid Artery Revascularization in a Community Hospital
Evaluate the outcomes and complications of transcarotid artery revascularization (TCAR) outside of academic vascular surgery programs. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - December 18, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Aaron Zebolsky, Jesse Chou, Phillip Key, Patrick Knight, Gulrez Mahmood, Krishna Jain, Mark Rummel Source Type: research