Are transient changes in capillary surface area required to explain peritoneal transport in renal failure patients?

CONCLUSION: Postulated transient increases in peritoneal capillary surface area were unnecessary to predict the entire Heimburger measurements. PMID: 32065069 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research

Related Links:

In this study, we determined the relationships between serum sclerostin and all-cause mortality, the prevalence of cardiovascular events (CVEs), and coronary artery calcifications (CACs) in dialysis patients.Methods: A total of 165 dialysis patients (84 hemodialysis [HD] and 81 peritoneal dialysis [PD]) were enrolled in this study. We performed multivariable linear regression analysis to test the relationships between serum sclerostin levels and demographics and clinical parameters. We also performed Cox proportional hazard regression analysis to determine independent predictors of overall survival and CVEs.Results: The me...
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
Authors: Wang Y, Li Y, Wang H, Ma Y, Ma D, Tian D, Liu B, Zhou Z, Yang W, Li X, Cui J, Chen L Abstract Background: Early-start peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an effective option for patients need unplanned dialysis. However, there are few studies on the long-term prognosis of early-start PD patients.Methods: In this retrospective study, 635 eligible patients from 1 March 1996 to 30 September 2016 were included, and divided into three groups according to the duration of break-in period: 3 days or less, 4-13 days and more than 14 days. Patients started PD within 2 weeks and after 2 wee...
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
Authors: Suzuki Y, Mizuno M, Sakata F, Kojima H, Sato Y, Kishimoto M, Suzuki N, Kinashi H, Saito S, Katsuno T, Kosugi T, Maruyama S, Murata M, Kiyoi H, Ito Y Abstract A 45-year-old man with idiopathic aplastic anemia required renal replacement therapy (RRT) due to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We succeeded in inserting the peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter under cover of frequent red blood cell and platelet infusions because of severe pancytopenia. During the one-year period after starting PD using an ultraviolet-ray sterilization device, he developed severe leukopenia but no PD-related peritonitis or exit site/t...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Tension-free mesh repair is associated with low morbidity and low recurrence rates in PD patients. Timely management and close collaboration with renal physicians are essential to continue PD after repair. PMID: 32063146 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
In this study, the prevalence of carnitine deficiency and the clinical factors associated with carnitine deficiency were investigated in 60 patients undergoing PD. The median age of the patients was 62.5 years (52.5-72.5 years), the proportion of male sex was 44/60 (73.3%), and the median PD period was 24 months (12-45 months). Carnitine deficiency (acyl carnitine/free carnitine ratio>0.4) was detected in 56/60 (93%) patients. Multiple regression analysis showed that the erythropoietin resistance index was independently associated with carnitine deficiency (β = 0.283, p&thi...
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
Authors: Lin WC, Tsai JP, Lai YH, Lin YL, Kuo CH, Wang CH, Hsu BG Abstract Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a potential biomarker of cardiovascular disease complications and severity. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is associated with an increased risk of death in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the relationship between serum OPG levels and PAD by measuring the ankle-brachial index (ABI) of patients on PD. A commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit was used to measure OPG values. Left or right ABI values of
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
Authors: Wang Z, Gong Y, Fan F, Yang F, Qiu L, Hong T, Huo Y Abstract Objectives: To evaluate the optimal revascularization strategy for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and end stage renal disease (ESRD) in the drug-eluting stent (DES) era.Methods: One hundred and twelve patients with ESRD treated with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were enrolled from 2007 to 2017. All patients were dialysis-dependent, of which 26 received CABG and 86 underwent PCI. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Secondary endpoints were major adverse cardiovascular even...
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
Authors: Fang X, Kang M, Chen D, Shen L PMID: 31880215 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
Authors: Chang MS, Chen NC, Hsu CY, Huang CW, Lee PT, Chou KJ, Fang HC, Chen CL Abstract Background: Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a serious complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD), with high morbidity and mortality that requires an early diagnosis for effective treatment. PD withdrawal and bacterial peritonitis are important triggers for the onset of EPS. However, few studies have focused on cases of PD withdrawal without a clinical diagnosis of peritonitis, cirrhosis, or carcinomatosis. We aimed to compare the clinical characteristics and computed tomography (CT) images of patients with or without ...
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
We present the case of an elderly patient with severe left ventricular dysfunction and severe mitral and tricuspid regurgitation who presents recurrent admissions for anasarca. After its inclusion in a CAPD programme, the patient experienced a marked clinical and biochemical improvement despite the persistence of cardiac abnormalities. CAPD onset translates into greater sodium removal. We want to emphasize the usefulness of this therapy in the management of volume excess in patients with refractory heart failure and renal failure promoting a greater sodium removal compared with traditional diuretic strategies.
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
More News: Dialysis | Peritoneal Dialysis | Renal Failure | Urology & Nephrology